Table of content

iraq journal of market research and consumer protection

المجلة العراقية لبحوث السوق وحماية المستهلك

ISSN: 20713894
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Presidency of the university or centers
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Scientific Referred Journal Published by Center for Market Research and Consumer Protection, University of Baghdad.
Date of First Issue (2009)
No. of Issue Per Year (2)
No. of Issue Published Between 2009-2014 (10)

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Contact info

phone Number: 07700646083
E.mail: jour.mracpc@uobaghdad.edu.iq
website: iraqimarket.net

Table of content: 2014 volume:6 issue:2

Article
Prevelance of Obesity Among Women in Baghdad City and Its Relation With Certain Variables.
انتشار السمنة بين النساء في مدينة بغداد وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to get some more knowledge about obesity disease, its spreading upon some ladies, and the relationship with some changes, which include (age, marital status, level of education, employment status, chronic diseases infection, whether they have job or not, psychologically status, healthy status and finally type of food was taken). Research sample include one hundred (100) married and non-married women. Their ages ranging between (19-60) years old with (primary, secondary, high school, college and master degree), some of them have job and other have not. During this study, questionnaire have been used include many questions prepared and distributed to them. The answers been analyzed statically. The results shows that, increase percentage of obesity infection to 52% upon women of ages between (31-50) years. Obesity percentage was 25% upon women with age ranging between (51-60) years, while the lowest obesity percentage was 23% upon women between (19-30) years. Moreover, the results showed that 37% upon women suffer from second degree obesity, 28% suffer from first degree obesity, 18% upon women suffer from weight increase while percentage of women who suffer from sever obesity was 17%.The percentage of obesity increase upon married women to reach up to 78%, while it decrease to 22% upon single women. In the other hand, the results shows that there was an opposite relationship between the level of education and obesity. Therefore, the percentage of obesity decrease gradually from 32% upon primary degree women to 29% for secondary degree, 18% for high school degree women, 12% for college degree, and 9% upon those who got Master degree. In addition of that, the percentage of obesity infection increased upon women who got job to reach up to 62% compared with jobless women which was evaluated to be 38%. Where, the relationship between obesity infection and the chronic diseases, the results shows that, 53% upon women have arthritis, and 38% have blood pressure, 18% have heart disease, 12% have blood sugar, and 7% have atherosclerosis. More over the result indicated that, the relationship between psychological status and obesity, it was found that 63% upon obesity women was suffer from disturbance, 39% of obesity women suffer from sadness, 28% of them suffer from psychologically confliction, 21% suffer from loneliness, and 9% suffer from lonesome. Where the relationship between obesity and the methods of losing weight, it was found that the percentage of women who follow regimen program was 36% and 34% upon them taking medicine, while 30% upon them taking food with low calories (Diet food), who practice exercises 28%, and who taking herbs 21%.Where the relationship between obesity and the habit of eating food, the result shows that, 85% of obesity women taking bread daily,71% taking Vegetables, 71% taking fruit, 56% taking red meat and eggs, 53% taking soft drink,40% taking oil, 26% taking, 25% taking milk, and the lowest was 8% taking the legumes.


Article
Chemical and microbial contamination in canned foods that avaliable in Iraqi Markets.
الفساد الكيميائي والميكروبي في الاغذية المعلبة بالحاويات المعدنية

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Abstract

The research aimed to determination of chemical and microbial contamination in some foods canned in metal in locally markets. Chemical and microbial corruption was investigated for 54 products of canned food. randomly selected from the local markets in Baghdad capital. The research included detection of heavy metal contaminants (iron, zinc, cobalt, lead, cadmium, manganese, tin and mercury) and organic chemical contaminants (pesticide residues). In addition, the detection of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, yeasts and molds were investigated as well. The results showed the presence of several chemical and microbial corruption cases for many of the examined products. This reflects the unsuitability of these products for human consumption due to the incompliance with the canned food standard specifications. The existence of such products means the absence of control by the concerned authorities on the imported food, and the loss of health control on what is produced and what is available in the local markets.


Article
The Credibility of the Local media in the Field of public Services (Survey Study).
مصداقية وسائل الاعلام المحلية في مجال الخدمات العامة (دراسة استطلاعية)

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Abstract

There is no doubt that the human mind seeks from which to reveal the realities of things and knowledge of the various manifestations and phenomena, which invited him to find a way optimal commonly through his curiosity was to be the emergence of what is called the god media or media in its various forms and divisions. In this context, the media or technology revolution taking place in the media world has turned all scales and has become a media mainstay in the construction of the state but is now considered one of the elements and symbols of national sovereignty, The current Iraqi media scene is moving towards a free and democratic approach. This research aims to identify the extent of consumer satisfaction Iraqi on the performance of the media towards public services provided by government institutions in Iraq, and the main findings of research via questionnaire adoption of the Iraqi citizen Phippgdad on TV as the primary means to elicit information, and preferably the Iraqi citizen precision standard basis in media followers this medium or that, as well as the conclusion of the most prominent goal not to satisfaction of Iraqi citizens in general about the role and performance of the media in the follow-up of public services provided by government institutions to citizens.


Article
Study on polyethylene/ fiber containers used to pack fast meals and investigation the most important isolated germs caused by.
دراسة العبوات البلاستيكية والفايبر المستخدمة لتعبئة الوجبات السريعة والتحري عن اهم انواع الجراثيم المرضية المعزولة الناتجة عنها.

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Abstract

This study focused on investigating the most commonly used types of containers in the conservation of fast food meals. the study involved the investigation of the most important microbial contaminants in these containers, and the effect of food temperature on the quality of the used containers.. Containers were sampled from three different restaurants classes: 1. Public restaurants located in residential areas, garages streets and public squares. 2. First class restaurants. 3. Universities restaurants. The results showed that most of the containers used in the public restaurants was either from plastic (polyethylene) or from expanded polystyrene, at ratio of 50% each. in first class restaurants, the ratio of plastic containers was 56% while the polystyrene ones was 36% and carton one was 8% The majority of containers used in universities restaurants were made of polystyrene (96%), and only a small ratio (4%) of plastic containers. The results of microbial contamination investigation for the containers before being used for food packaging that 100% of the universities restaurants containers were polluted, while public restaurants and first class restaurants did not show any type of pollution befor being used for food packaging.


Article
The reality of the ration card and its impact on food security for the consumer
واقع البطاقة التموينية وتاثيرها في الامن الغذائي للمستهلك

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Abstract

The ration card system in Iraq, one systems subsidies government economic indirect, has been applied at the end of the year (1990) gets under which each individual Iraqi food basket monthly estimated number Saratha about 2150 calories per person per day, at a cost of symbolic up to about (757) Iraqi dinars paid by the individual. This system has been able to apply the principle of absolute justice Vocabulary distribute food during the period of the economic blockade, and to achieve food security, reduction of famine. On the other hand, the form of the ration card system a burden on the state budget, where to deliver one dollar of basic food items to one individual from poor cost about (6.30) dollars. Also, the low efficiency of the materials that are distributed and shortages and financial and administrative corruption obsolete distribution, it was not his role to support the arrival of those who deserve it more efficiently . Was measured issues related to ration cards through a poll of a random sample of beneficiaries, and sent them a set of questions, focused on the importance and the quantity and efficiency of the vocabulary, and the degree of satisfaction of beneficiaries as well as to keep it or replace it. I Collect more than one-third of the sample its importance significantly (about 49%) of whom supported the importance to some extent, also said more than three- quarters of the sample, dissatisfied with the quantity and quality of vocabulary introduction, and more than two- thirds of respondents supported the non- replacement of ration card, in addition to the Other results, including search.


Article
The Effect Concentrations of alcoholic extract for terpenes and flavonoids and alkaloids from Silybum marianum seeds in combating larva stage in lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica (Fab) (Bostrichidae: Coleoptera)
تاثير تراكيز المستخلص الكحولي للتربينات والفلافونويدات والقلويدات لبذور نبات الكلغان (Silybum marianum) في السيطرة على يرقات خنفساء ثاقبة الحبوب الصغرى Rhyzopertha dominica (Fab) (Coleoptera:Bostrichidae)

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Abstract

This study was included the effectiveness Three concentrations each of the extract (1, 4, 7 g/ 100 g ml) for extract of the terpenes,flavonoids and alkaloids from Silybum marinum seeds in larva stage for Lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica under conditions at temperature 1±29 °c, 5± 70% relative humidity. The concentrations 7% for each of the extract flavonoids, terpenes and alkaloids gave higher rate of perdition amounted to 65, 85, 90% respectively compared with the others focus for extracts of the alkaloids, flavonoids and terpenes which recorded the highest rate of depreciation amounted to 45, 55, 70% has dropped to 30, 35, 50% when you focus on the 1%, respectively.,with an increase in the percentage of the total and partial emergence distortion to reach 25% when the concentration of 4% to extract terpenes with decreases to 30, 35, 50% in 1% to extract alkaloids, terpenes and flavonoids


Article
Application of Proanthocyanidin extracted from the wastes of Raisin syrup as food additive in mayonnaise
أستعمال Proanthocyanidin المستخلص من مخلفات شربت الزبيب كمضاف غذائي في المايونيز

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Abstract

This study had been conducted on the wastes of Raisin syrup including seeds, peels and flesh of the fruit in order to extract Proanthocyanidin from these parts, the wastes of Raisin syrup extract a concentration of 1% added to mayonnaise stored at a temperature of 30 °C and 60 °C for a period of 4 weeks, also the sensory evaluation of mayonnaise samples compared with a comparison sample in terms of color, smell, taste and consistency of textures and public acceptance, showed that the mayonnaise samples that contain dried extract at a concentration of 1% and the industrial antioxidants BHT and PG- retained their quality properties during storage for both degrees of storage 30 °c and 60°c.


Article
The effect of the Responsible Consumption Behavior to Curb Greenwashing Practices
اثر إستراتيجية السلوك الاستهلاكي المسؤول للحد من ممارسات الغسيل الأخضر

Authors: Zakia Megri زكية مقري
Pages: 143-172
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Abstract

Greenwashing occurs when organizations falsely claim their commitment to eco-friendly behaviors. In this paper, the author explains what greenwashing is and discusses its implications on the consumer as well as the organization. Further, using the existing theoretical framework, the author describes the role of the consumer in light of the proliferation of corporate greenwashing. The study concludes that environmental awareness is on the rise at the informal level, though only showing signs of slight recovery at the official level. This environmental awareness, in turn, has led to the emergence of movements and pressure groups that support the global trend of protecting the environment and denounce all forms of practices deemed harmful to the environment. The study recommends the need for educating and raising awareness of the public in addition to the need to collaborate the efforts of the government with those of the public at both the local and global level as everyone is involved.


Article
The replacement of wheat flour with rice flour for manufacturing low or free of gluten biscuits and its impact on the sensory phsiochemical characteristics of Product.
دراسة امكانية استبدال طحين الرز بطحين الحنطة في تصنيع بسكويت خالي من الكلوتين وتاثير ذلك في الخصائص الحسية والفيزوكيميائية للبسكويت المنتج

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Abstract

The study aimed to process low or free of gluten biscuits by replacing wheat flour with 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 of rice flour and study its impact on the sensory physiochemical properties and of the product biscuits. The results showed the chemical composition of transactions and the occurrence of significant differences were not significant in the results as the percentage of fat, ash, fiber and protein with an increased rate of substitution with no significant increase in the percentage of humidity increase the proportion of replacement. Showed the results of sensory evaluation of the lack of significant differences between the models biscuits has got biscuit factory with a replacement ratio 100% flour rice acceptance by the consumer despite the superiority slight in the control treatment. And to improve the quality characteristics of the biscuit factory of rice, 100% flour, rice has been added flour chickpeas proportions replacement 0, 2.5, 0.5 , 7.5, 10% The results showed chemical analysis of samples biscuits significant differences in the proportion of fat, ash, and protein as increased and insignificantly increased the proportion of ash and fiber between models biscuits increased percentage replacement flour chickpeas and no significant differences in moisture content increasing rate of substitution either the results of sensory evaluation has emerged replacement ratio 2.5, 0.5% better results in terms of turnout by the consumer.


Article
Comparison methods for the evaluation of bacteriocin potency against E.coli O157:H7 in milk
مقارنة طرائق تقييم فعالية البكتروسين ضد بكتريا الايشيريشيا القولونية المعوية في الحليب O157: H7 النزفية.

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Abstract

The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the antagonistic effect of reference strain Lactobacillus acidophilus ROO52 bacteriocin againstEscherichia coli. O157:H7 with a comparison of disk diffusion agar, well diffusion agar ,spot method and modified agar.overlays methods. A total of 30 raw milk samples were collected randomly at weekly intervals from different local markets in Baghdad province during the period from the beginning of January 2013 till the end of April 2013). The prevalence of E .coli O157:H7 in raw milk samples was 20% by using the modern chromogenic media with serological latex agglutination test kit. The data revealed that the method applied had a significant (P ˂ 0.05) effect on the antimicrobial potency of the crude bacteriocin against E. coli O157:H7. The average diameter of the inhibition zone of crude bacteriocin againstE .coli O157:H7 by both, agar disk diffusion method and the agar well diffusion method was (10mm) respectively and showed a potency of (62.5%) while that produced by the agar spot diffusion method was (8mm) and showed a potency of (50%) while that produced by the modified agar overlays method was (16mm) which exhibited significantly (P˂ 0.05) the highest antimicrobial potency (100%) compared to that produced by the above mentioned three methods. Results showed that the modified agar overlays method was the most suitable and reliable method for assessing the antagonistic effect of the crude bacteriocin against E. coli O157:H7.

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