جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 12 العدد: 4

Article
The role of training courses in the development of the teaching skills for kindergarten teachers
دور الدورات التدريبية في تطوير المهارات التدريسية لمعلمات رياض الاطفال

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الخلاصة

This research is targeted to identify the importance of training courses for kindergarten teachers, and the extent of benefit kindergarten teachers training courses to develop their skills, and detection of obstacles that limit the benefit of kindergarten teachers training courses. The research sample included (30) parameter of the parameters Riyadh in the center of the province of Karbala, and to achieve the objectives of the research prepared by researchers barometer to measure the importance of training courses for kindergarten teachers After reviewing the literature and previous studies, consisting of three axes: the first axis/ importance of training courses for teachers kindergartens and contained (5) vertebrae, second axle/ benefit over the kindergarten teachers training courses to develop their skills (12) vertebrae, the third axis/ main obstacles that limit the benefit of kindergarten teachers training courses (8) vertebrae. The researchers apply the measure to the research sample and after data collection and processing using a statistical hypothesis and the average weight percentile, reached the following results: 1. The importance of training courses for teachers in terms of the supply of information and educational innovations and modern scientific and access to expertise in the field of teaching methods. 2. Courses are useful in the development of skills by kindergarten teachers to provide lesson is an attractive and interesting, and to encourage children and praise for their responses and the work of educational methods are characterized by beauty and influence. 3. That there are obstacles to challenge significantly benefit the kindergarten teachers of courses including the failure to use modern teaching aids during the sessions, and the adoption of most of the lecturers on the way diction and the absence of other methods, and training places in educational institutions is a subset. In light of these findings, the researchers developed a number of recommendations and proposals.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Enhanced Production of Extracellular Asparaginase in Erwinia Carotovora subsp. Carotovora
Erwinia Carotovora subsp. Carotovora تحسين انتاج انزيم الاسباراجينيز خارجيا من بكتيريا

المؤلفون: Zainab Salim Jaafar
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

الاسباراجينز هي انزيمات بكتيرية تعمل على تحفيز وتحليل الاسباراجين الى حامض الاسبارتك. خلال 30 سنة الماضية استخدمت هذه الانزيمات كعوامل علاجية في معالجة سرطان الدم اللمفاوي الحاد لدى الاطفال. Erwinia Carotovora subsp. تؤكد الخصائص الشكلية والبايولوجية بأن البكتيريا المستخدمة في هذه الدراسة هي مطابقة . Carotovora بالنسبة لنمو الخلية لل PH الامثل ودرجة الحرارة المثلى كانت 9 و40 بالتتابع وكانت الفعالية العظمى لإنزيم الاسباراجينز هي 7 و 40 على التوالي. تم تزويد الوسط الزرعي بالاسباراجينز وحامض الاسبارتك لتحديد تأثيرها على كل من نمو الخلية والفعالية الانزيمية . بعد 12 ساعة حضانة مع اضافة الاسباراجين لوحظ التحسين في نمو الخلية وفعالية الانزيم اذا ما قورنت مع العينات قبل الاضافة وعينات حامض الاسبارتك . من هذه النتائج نقترح بأن اضافة الاسباراجين ربما تحفز انتاج انزيم الاسباراجين خارجيا.

الكلمات الدلالية

Asparaginase --- Erwinia Caratovora --- Bacteria --- Enzyme --- Neslar reagent


Article
Some Histopathological changes study caused by chronic exposed to X-ray on the respiratory systemat male rates
عض التغيرات المرضية النسجية المتسببة عن التعرض المزمن للاشعة السينية X-ray على الجهاز التنفسي في ذكور الجرذان

المؤلفون: زينب قاسم --- وفاق جبوري البازي
الصفحات: 1-5
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الخلاصة

وزعت 10 من ذكور الجرذان عشوائيا الى مجموعتين(5 /مجموعة) عرضت المجموعة الأولى الى 300 كيلو فولت (يوميا من الأشعة السينية x-ray عن بعد 2 متر من جهاز التصوير الإشعاعي ولمدة 30 يوم) (T1)بينما اعتبرت المجموعة الثانية مجموعة السيطرة (T). لوحظت في المقاطع النسجية للقصبة الهوائية انسلاخ للطبقة المبطنة لها واحتقان دموي و ارتشاح التهابي للطبقة تحت الطلائية بينما لوحظ تثخن في جدران الحويصلات الهوائية وذمة وارتشاح التهابي في متن النسج الرئوي.نستنتج من الدراسة الحالية ان التعرض المزمن للأشعة السينية x-rayيؤدي الى حصول تلف نسجي للقصبة الهوائية والرئتين.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The relationship between some of the indicators blood and productive and reproductive traits of Awassi Sheep
العلاقة بين بعض المؤشرات الدمية والصفات الانتاجية والتناسلية للاغنام العواسية

المؤلفون: وسن جاسم محمد الخزرجي
الصفحات: 6-10
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الخلاصة

تم اجراء البحث في محطة المجترات التابعة للهيئة العامة للبحوث الزراعية بهدف التنبؤ بصفات النمو وانتاج الحليب والخصوبة والخصب من خلال عدد من الصفات الدمية لدى الاغنام العواسية بايجاد معادلات الخط المستقيم للتعبير عن تلك العلاقات لأغراض الانتخاب. بلغ المتوسط العام لمكونات الدم الحيوية GOT،GPT ،HDL وLDL كالاتي 0.22 ± 100.07 و0.37 ± 28.15 و0.41 ± 48.42 و 1.08 ± 87.79 ، وتقديرات المكافئ الوراثي: 0.28 و0.22 و0.37 و 0.25على التوالي، تبين ان انحدار كل من صفات النمو وانتاج الحليب الكلي لم يكن معنويا على انزيم GOT، في حين كان انحدار انتاج الحليب اليومي وطول موسم الحليب والخصوبة معنوي (P<0.05) على انزيم GOTاما انحدار الخصب فقد كان عالي المعنوية (P<0.01) على انزيم GOT بمعامل انحدار بلغ 0.67، لم يكن انحدار الوزن عند الفطام ومعدل الزيادة الوزنية والخصوبة والخصب معنويا على مستوى انزيم GPT بينما كان انحدار الوزن عند الميلاد وانتاج الحليب معنويا وانتاج الحليب الكلي وطول موسم الحليب عالي المعنوية على انزيم GPT بمعاملي انحدار بلغا 0.51 و 0.55 على التوالي . اظهرت النتائج الانحدار الوزن عند الميلاد وانتاج الحليب الكلي وطول موسم الحليب والخصب على مستوى HDL معنوي (P<0.05) بمعاملات انحدار بلغت 0.21 و0.43 و0.52 على التوالي، في حين لم يكن انحدار كل من الوزن عند الفطام ومعدل الزيادة الوزنية وانتاج الحليب اليومي والخصوبة معنوي على مستوى HDL ، تبين من النتائج ان انحدار كل من الوزن عند الفطام ومعدل الزيادة الوزنية وانتاج الحليب اليومي على مستوى LDL معنويا في الوقت الذي كان غير معنوي لبقية الصفات المدروسة.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence of Superplasticizer on Recycled Coarse Aggregate Concrete
تأثير الملدن الفائق على خرسانة الركام الخشن المعاد تدويره

المؤلفون: خالد حسن حاوي
الصفحات: 11-24
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الخلاصة

This research is deliberate the effect of using recycled coarse aggregate from wasted concrete as a substitute for natural coarse aggregate with different ratios 0%, 20% , 40% , 60% , 80% and 100% study the fresh and hard concrete properties (slump , compressive , tensile , absorption , density ) and the effect of adding super plasticizer with 2% ,3% by weight of cement on above properties mixtures. Results show the negative effect on concrete properties when replacing natural coarse aggregate with recycled coarse aggregate. That effect was little when used 20% percentase replacing and increasing when percent replacing increasing . Results show improvement recycled coarse aggregate concrete with addition 2%,3% super plasticizer in mixture and manufacturing new concrete with 80% recycled coarse aggregate and 3% super plasticizer with same properties natural coarse aggregate concrete .


Article
Relative Growth Rate (RGR) and Electrical Conductivity changes in snake cucumber (Cucumis melo var.flexuoses Naud.) seeds under Accelerated Ageing conditions
التغيرات في خصائص الانبات والتوصيلية الكهربائية ومعدل النمو النسبي في بذور خيار القثاء تحت ظروف التعمير المعجل

المؤلفون: Muhannad.M.Sahib --- Hussein J. Hussein
الصفحات: 13-20
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الخلاصة

Seed ageing is a main problem during storage of seed. Un-suitable storage conditions with high moisture and temperature increases seed ageing. A seed of snake cucumber was subjected to the accelerated ageing conditions at 45C◦±1 and 100% relative humidity for various time intervals (0, 3, 7, 12 days), for evaluation of seed vigorisity . However increasing of ageing period caused significant increases in seed moisture content (from 7.53% in control to 21.27%), electrolytic leakage (from 194.73 in control to 783.30 μs/cm/25 seed) whereas germination percentage and seed vigor index was significantly decreased (from 99% at control to 0.0%) and (from 14.29 in control to 0.00) respectively after 12 days of accelerated ageing (seeds losing viability). Seedling length, fresh & dry weight also decreases with increased ageing period. Key Word: snake cucumber, seed accelerated ageing, vigor index, viability

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of forms and sizes and weights of the balls on the precise handling pectoral in the game of basketball.
اثر اشكال واوزان واحجام مختلفة للكرات على دقة المناولة الصدرية في لعبة كرة السلة

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الخلاصة

In the case of science is constantly evolving and Mathematical Sciences is one of the science that relied on continuity in dealing with all that is new for the advancement of sports and games for the game of basketball. The game of basketball is one of the lessons methodology taught in the Department of Physical Education , where the researcher education and training for the skills of handling thoracic using balls of different sizes, shapes and weights , as the researcher believes that these balls will improve the speed of learning in addition Handling learning coupled with precision . The research was conducted on a sample of 42 students from the first grade students in the College of Physical Education, University of Karbala for the academic year 2011-2012 researcher has used statistical methods appropriate and which has achieved his aim researcher . Which concluded that there are significant differences were statistically significant differences between pre and post tests of experimental totals . . The researcher recommends the need to use different balls weights and sizes because it adds diversity in learning without impair learning skill

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of Ethyl acetate and Ethyl alcohol extract of Pepper Capsicam spp. in the fertility of Albino rats females
تأثير مستخلصي خلات الأثيل والكحول الأثيلي لثمار الفلفل الأحمر في خصوبة إناث الجرذان البيضاء

المؤلفون: Mayada Mahmood Husssein Al-sherbaty
الصفحات: 21-27
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to investigate the effected of biochemical activity of Ethyl acetate and Ethyl alcohol extracts effect of Pepper Capsicam spp. in the fertility of Albino rats females in a number of (75) rats, females were divided into three groups and given various doses (50 and 100) mg/kg of each extracts and were compared with a group of control in three injection periods ( 5 , 10 , 15 days). - The results of females fertility test showed that no sperms in the vaginal space swab before a time period and delay in pregnancy period through daily following up for (30) days and a significant decrease in fetues number of female rats treated with both extracts for injection period of (12) days of Ethyl acetate and Ethylic alcohol extracts in comparison with a control group. - Histological study has showed significant decreased (p<0.05) in the diameters of ovaries and a the number of primary and secondary ovarian follicles and the Graffian ovarian follicles numbers and diameters of female rats treated with both extracts, Ethyl acetate and Ethylic alcohol in comparison with a control group. - A significant increased (p<0.05) in the total of the body weight regarding rats females treated with only Ethyl acetate extract in comparison with a control group, while there isn't any significant changed in the total of the body weight of the rats females treated with Ethylic alcohol extract. - A significant decreased (p<0.05) in the body weight of ovaries and a highly significant (p<0.05) in the weight of uterus of females treated with both extracts, Ethyl acetate and Ethylic alcohol in comparison with a control group, Ethyl acetate showed a higher activity in decreasing of ovaries weights and the increase of uterus weights in comparison with Ethyl acetate extract.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Grouting of soil Decreases the Engineering problems by changin the Water table of Al-Abbas Holy Shrine
أعمال حقن التربة تقلل من المشاكل الهندسية لتغير مناسيب المياه الجوفية في العتبة العباسية المقدسة

المؤلفون: عمار جاسم محمد الخفاجي
الصفحات: 25-33
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الخلاصة

The water table was increasing in the subsoil of Al-Abbas holy Shrine during 1990, Al-Khafaji in 2010 determined from In-situ information, boring, drilling, sampling, and geophysical survey (such as seismic cross hole and GPR surveys) the spreading excavation and weak zones phenomena underground surface within the soil of study area, and he recommended to improve the geotechnical properties (Rigidity, stiffness, . . etc ) of the subsoil underneath the foundation, grouting techniques with special precautions should be taken to ensure that these soft soils are not disturbed during grouting operations and must be sure that the depth of grouting don’t crossing the clay layer, borehole not exceed (9)m. for the present site. The total amount of cement material(Portland cement) where injected to more than (1146)ton and mixed with suitable chemical material (Interplast HE50) reach's to (12657)litters through (179) boreholes. According to mixed design cement, water and interplast HE50 make. The water table is (29.44)m. depth above sea level(S.L) before grouting in 2008 and become (28.69)m after it in 2011.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Rhyme in the Potery of Al-Najashi Al-harthy- stylistic stady
القافية في شعر النجاشي الحارثي (ت50هـ) دراسة اسلوبية

المؤلفون: حربي نعيم محمد --- عقيل مزعل هاشم
الصفحات: 27-34
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الخلاصة

This research study singled out rhymes in poetry AL-ajashis AL-Harthy in the light of modern literary studies (stylistic) and may be one of the three sections, the first of which dealt with the absolute rhymes, rhyming Almrdfah came with the flume broken by (54%) and with the flume Open by (44 %), and is an indicator of the stylistic rhymes shows that the level of musical perfection. The second topic and familiarize rhymes restricted and proven on the way that the style of the poet in her choice was different to what I use them in Arabic poetry. The third section has been singled out to study the letters Ruwi, and noted that Roy AL-QAF compose that the appearance of stylistic only as used by the poet by more than used to Roy AL-Dal , although the last of the many letters friendly in Arabic poetry, and perhaps the environment (Iraq), the reason for such use .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Generating 3×n/3 - Contingency Tables Using The Action of Dihedral Group D_n , n is Multiple of 6
توليد 3×n/3 جداول طوارئ بأستخدام تاثير زمرة ثنائية السطوح D_n , n من مضاعفات 3

المؤلفون: Husein Hadi Abbass --- Hussein Salman Mohammed Hussein
الصفحات: 28-41
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we find six types of (n^2-3n)/3×3×n/3 - contingency tables with fixed two dimensional marginal using the action of largest subgroup H of dihedral group D_n , n is multiple of 6 and the Markov basis B such that B is H-invariant, where B is found by H. H. Abbass and H. S. Mohammed Hussein [7].

الكلمات الدلالية

linear transformation --- contingency table --- action --- dihedral group --- Markov basis --- toric ideal.


Article
Efficiency of fungus Aspergillus fumigatus (Thermophilic fungi) to produce Glycoamylase enzyme
كفاءة الفطر Aspergillus fumigatus المتحمل لدرجات الحرارة العالية Thermophilic fungi في أنتاج أنزيم Glycoamylase

المؤلفون: بان موسى حسن الزبيدي
الصفحات: 34-40
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الخلاصة

The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus (Thermophilic fungi) isolate from Kerbala govermant , in August 2010 so the fungus tested in term of producing glycoamylase . Results revealed that , this fungus had high ability to produce enzyme .The main objective of this study was to produce glucoamylase under optimum conditions The maximum activity of glucoamylase from this fungus was recorded in the culture after 96 hours , the best tempreture 45c◦ and 6 pH , starch the best as carbon source and NH3So4 anitrogen sourse , so the inculation 15 mm were considerd as the best to produce enzyme.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
"The Impact of Using the Japans Entrance in the Achievement of 1st Year Intermediate Pupils of Biology and Their Trends Towards It "
اثر التدريس باستخدام المدخل الياباني في تحصيل طالبات الصف الاول متوسط في مادة الاحياء واتجاهاتهن نحوها

المؤلفون: بتول محمد جاسم
الصفحات: 35-49
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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the impact of using the japans entrance in the achievement of 1st year intermediate pupils of biology and their towards it . In order to verify the aim of the research, formulate the following two hypotheses: 1-There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group pupils who studied according to the Japans entrance and the average score for the control group pupils who studied according to the traditional way in the achievement test . 2-There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group pupils who studied according to the Japans entrance and the average score for the control group pupils who studied according to the traditional way in the scale of their trends towards the biology subject . Experimental design was chosen with the partial adjustment of the two groups ( experimental and control ) an equal number that control one other relevant post-test , the number of members of the sample ( 62 ), a pupil in a secondary( Al-Adnaniya ) for girls, represented the experimental group (31) school girl who taught according to the Japans entrance , and ( 31) a student in the control group that studied in the traditional way, equalize both groups ( experimental and control) in the variable as (achievement school , previous information , their trends towards biology .) Applied experience in the first semester of the academic year ( 2012 to 2013 ) and took (12) a weeks . It Have been prepared (20) daily teaching plan for the experimental group and organized in accordance to the Japans entrance and another plan to the control group which organized according to the traditional method, and then it was presented a model on each of them to the experts . To achieve the first aim , it have been prepared achievement test objective type multiple – choice with four alternatives consist of ( 40 ) has been verified the face validity by submitting it to the experts and jury members and content through the preparation of the map test , it was calculated their reliability by using the kuder Richardson -20 formula reached ( 0,89 ) was to find a coefficient of difficulty level and power of discriminatory and effective alternatives to the test items. To check out the second aims of research prepare a scale to their trends towards the biology subject consist of (38) items , has been verified the face validity . it was calculated their reliability by using Alpha Cronbach formula which it is reached (0, 83). Data were statistically treated using a (t-test) for two independent samples with an equal number, the results showed the superiority of the experimental group that studied according to the japans entrance to their peers in the control group , which they studied according the usual way in the achievement test , and so the researcher recommends using the Japans entrance in teaching the biology and suggests further studies of the stages and different subjects to identify the impact of different variables .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study effect of kojic acid on some histological and functional criteria in albino rats female
دراسة تأثيـر حامض الكوجيك على بعض المعايير الوظيفية والنسجية في اناث الجرذان البيضاء

المؤلفون: جاسم عبد العباس عبد الله
الصفحات: 41-49
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الخلاصة

This study was conduct to investigate effect of kojic acid on some histological and functional criteria in female rats through 21 days and the parameters that studied were WBC , RBC , AST , ALT ,HB ,Cholesterol and Bilirubin . The result showed no significant difference in blood parameters when compared with control group P≤ 0.01 and T3 , T4 level showed significant decrease in all group and showed significant increase in level of TSH and progesterone but in prolactin level showed not significant when compared with control group and then we are showed no significant changes in the liver and kidney tissues when compared with control group and finally we can consider the kojic acid is very good substance may be useful as antibiotic or antioxidant in some research because its very safe on the body

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Epidemiological study of coccidiosis in quail in Baghdad city
دراسة وبائيه داء الاكريات(الكوكسيديا ) في طائر السمان في مدينه بغداد

المؤلفون: Harith . Y . Kh . Al.saeedy --- Haidier . M.A. AL_Rubaie
الصفحات: 42-49
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الخلاصة

This study was conduct to estimate the epidemiology of coccidiosis in quails in Baghdad city by using 180 birds during the period from November 2013 until April 2014 . The total infection rate was 78.33% (141/180) and males had a high infection rate 83.01%(88/106) compared to females 71.61% (53/74) A high infection rate was recorded in spring season(81.11)% than winter (75.55)% and December month was show high infection rate (90%) while January month was show a low infection rate (66.66%) . This study was confirmed the species and their sites of infection of Eimeria E. bateri(66.11%) , E. tsunodai (45%), E. uzura 23.88%, fluminensis (38.33%) A high infection rate was record in ileum (59.44%) and a low infection rate was found in duodenum (40.55%) while jejunum and caecum were show an equal rate (56.66%)

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The role of Mr.Abdul Supreme Al- mossawi AL- sabzeuari in scientific And political life
دور السيد عبد الأعلى الموسوي السبزواري في الحياة العلمية والسياسية 1911 ــــ 1993 م

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد إبراهيم اليساري
الصفحات: 50-71
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الخلاصة

MR.Abdul descendeb top moussawi sabzevear of an ancient family science and loot them sciences weighted later moved to the possession of mash had settled ten years he emigrated to nataf in 1348ah/1929 and taking attan dance porominent scientistslike MR,Abual-hasan al-musawi hsfahani and sheikh mohammed Hussein alnauana zia and sheikh hragi until ha reached ahigh degree of lslamic sciences the scientists saw his diligence which is not to exceed twenty – second of age and continued his scitific lesson not to leave until the year 1365/1946 and aftar that degan to research and teaching differed from the other number of lessons where he had two three lessons in juris prudence end the third in assets it also behind alarge number literature and graduated on his hands conste llation of scientis it also has had aclear impast on the political conflict with the baathist Regime,such as the sanctity of his fatwa occupation of Kuwait.As well as aclear role in evaluating and directing The rebels in the popular uprising Returned to him many of the enrolled from different after the death Of Mr.Hakim,Mr.Al,Khoei (sanctified th eir secrets) andhis death was in 16.2.1993.8 zero in1414

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the Optical Characteristics of Epoxy Panel doped with Fluorescein-Sodium Dye
دراسة الخصائص البصرية لألواح الإيبوكسي المطعمة بصبغة الفلورسين-صوديوم

المؤلفون: Faiz S. Abbas --- Nibras F.Ali
الصفحات: 50-60
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الخلاصة

In this study the luminescent solar concentrators (LSC) plates doped with fluorescein-sodium dye laser have been prepared in the laboratory at room temperature with(0.5mm) thickness .The concentration of the fluorescein-sodium dye laser were( 10-5,10-4) mol/L. Then they compared with pure epoxy panel. The optical characteristics have been studied like (absorption, transmittance, reflectance and energy gap) also the optical constant were calculated including (absorption. coefficient, refraction index and extinction coefficient ) for all panels. The effect of increasing concentration leads to shift the absorbance, absorption coefficient and extinction coefficient towards higher wavelength, their values also increase with increasing the concentrations. With regard to transmission ,reflectance and refractive index the concentration effect also leads to the same displacement, but their values decrease with increasing the concentration. The results also shown that the value of the energy gap is decreased from (3.6eV) for epoxy resin to (2.3,2.25)eV for the both concentrated panels.

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Article
Study of Estimation of Gill Surface Area of Aspius vorax Gills in AL-Hindia River in Kerbala City.
تقدير المساحة التنفسية لغلاصم أسماك الشلك ((Heckel , 1843 Aspius vorax في شط الهندية بمحافظة كربلاء .

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الخلاصة

The present study deals with estimation of gill surface area to gills : of one species of Teleost, Aspius vorax which belongs to family Cyprinidae , The collection study sampling from AL-Hindia River by use Gill nets and Cost nets , The appear study Results has differ clear in ranges values to the study length groups , They have small length groups small absolute gill area compare large length groups the have groups large absolute gill area the ranges values (34546.16 – 62321.52 mm2) , is was total length average of gill filament the effect on the increase values absolute gill area while don’t appear the two other factor (number of secondary lamellae and secondary lamellae area) the proved study fishes included in the Intermediate Fishes or Intermediate Swimming This study proved first from species on Aspius vorax fishes

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Article
Study of some causes of facilities infertility for frequent abortion in women
دراسة لبعض اسباب العقم المرافق للاجهاض المتكرر لدى السيدات

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الخلاصة

in hospital Al alwia for childbirth and revisions to the hospital, Kamal al-Samaria in Baghdad and a control group consisting of 20 women possess children without loss of pregnancy and non-positive other disease women, ranged in age women in the two groups between (20-42) years. The study lasted from February 2011 until September 2012. Serological and hormonal parameters was conducted of women in the two groups using the method of examination absorption immune enzyme-linked (ELISA) assy to the detection of T.gondii spesific IgM and Ant Toxo IgG Ab in the serum of women, as was the use of the analytical technique of radiation to link to enzymatic (ELFA) Enzyme linked Fluoresent Assay by a Mini-VIDAS . To detect the level of female hormones (stimulating hormone follicle FSH hormone Alloitni LH hormone milk PRL hormone progesterone progesterone hormone estradiol Estradiol in the blood serum of the two groups, and used test method radioimmunotherapy (RIA) Radio immune Assay to measure thyroid hormones, TSH. T4, T3.

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Article
"Finding the complete solution of special types of the second order partial differential equations with variable coefficients"
إيجاد الحل الكامل لأنواع خاصة من المعادلات التفاضلية الجزئية من الرتبة الثانية ذات المعاملات المتغيرة

المؤلفون: Ali Hassan Mohammed --- Mohammed Monther Neamah Kudaer
الصفحات: 61-69
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الخلاصة

Our aim in this paper is to solve some kinds of partial differential equations of the second order with variable coefficients, which have the general form F_1 (x,y) Z_xx+F_2 (x,y) Z_xy+F_3 (x,y) Z_yy+F_4 (x,y) Z_x+F_5 (x,y) Z_y+F_6 (x,y)Z=0 such that F_1 (x,y),F_2 (x,y), F_3 (x,y), F_4 (x,y), F_5 (x,y) and F_6 (x,y) are functions of xand y.By using the assumptionsZ(x,y)=e^(∫▒(U(x))/x dx+∫▒〖y^n V(y)dy〗) and Z(x,y)=e^(∫▒〖U(x)〗 dx+∫▒V(y)dy) these assumptions will transform the second order partial differential equations to linear first order ordinary differential equation with two independent functions U(x) and V(y) .

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Article
Calculation of energy levels, electric transitions probability and potential energy of 238Pu Isotope by the Interacting Boson Model-1
حساب مستويات الطاقة واحتمالية الانتقالات الكهربائية وطاقة جهد السطح لنظير (238Pu) باستخدام نموذج البوزونات المتفاعلة – 1 (IBM-1)

المؤلفون: أحمد رحيم
الصفحات: 69-76
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الخلاصة

In this research, characteristics of energy levels and reduced electric quadruple transition for 238Pu isotope have been studied using interacting boson model-1.. Also, the nucleus shape was determined through studying potential energy surface. This study show that, this isotope belong to rotational limits SU (3) dependents on the experimental data. The theoretical analyses find that involved in rotational symmetry by using parity of parameters for interacting bosons

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Article
Linear Regression Model Related to Gumbel Distribution
تخمين الموديل الخطي العائد الى توزيع كمبل

المؤلفون: Ahmed Al-Adilee --- Karrar D. Mohamed
الصفحات: 70-78
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الخلاصة

Linear regression model is proposed to construct a proper estimation of parameters of Gumbel distribution as influences that effect on manufactured items, for example, bulbs, electrical machines, and so on. Such type of distributions and its properties that relevant to Gamma-distribution has been shown in this study. Some contributions of other extreme value distributions types such as Weibull distribution, and Fre ́chet distribution were introduced in general forms as models used for lifetime data. Maximum likelihood estimation (M.L.E) method was suggested to estimate the values of parameters because of its effective ability to obtain the best approximation for fitting data compared with other estimation methods like least square method, moments method, and other estimation methods. Another important fact of choosing this method is that this method regarded as a best method for small sample sizes.

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Article
إشارات كتابية مسمارية مهمة حول مدينة بابل

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الخلاصة

1- According to temples which weren't only for worship, but as an economical center activity. The temples were having many lands, castles and structural administration from the greatest clergyman to the smallest temple staff. beside many gifts which were presenting as offerings ,the temple was having many slaves whose were working various jobs as grazing and farming. 2- (KA.DINGIR.RA.KI) is the most famous name for Babylon, which means (the gate of God) also the Acadian form is (babb ilimkl) and there were opinions about those two forms and its dates, some believe that ,this name according to primitive people of Euphrates while others have another opinion .we notice that primitive people were distinguished between forms (KA.DINGIR.RAki) and ( ba-bi-luki), they had made the first as province in second .

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Article
Calculate of the amounts of radioactive gases (85Kr, 135Xe) in PWR
حساب كميات الغازات المشعة (85Kr, 135Xe ) في مفاعلات الماء المضغوط

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الخلاصة

The fission process of uranium-235 nucleus, produce radioactive fission gases such as (85Kr,135Xe) as the most important products. The risks of these products on the reactor safety and the environment are important the quantities of these radioactive gases depend on the fission rate inside the nuclear fuel; ie, on their yields in fission products. Uranium dioxide ceramics UO2 are widely used in pressurized water reactors (PWR). The calculations were obtained need by using (MATLAB R2011b), through calculating the effects of thermal power, neutrons flux, cooling water temperature. It was found that the quantities of radioactive gases produced increased with thermal power and neutrons flux. With the increase of coolant temperature led to decrease of the amounts of radioactive gases .

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Article
Calculate of the amounts of radioactive gases (85Kr, 135Xe) in PWR
حساب كميات الغازات المشعة (85Kr, 135Xe ) في مفاعلات الماء المضغوط

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الخلاصة

The fission process of uranium-235 nucleus, produce radioactive fission gases such as (85Kr,135Xe) as the most important products. The risks of these products on the reactor safety and the environment are important the quantities of these radioactive gases depend on the fission rate inside the nuclear fuel; ie, on their yields in fission products. Uranium dioxide ceramics UO2 are widely used in pressurized water reactors (PWR). The calculations were obtained need by using (MATLAB R2011b), through calculating the effects of thermal power, neutrons flux, cooling water temperature. It was found that the quantities of radioactive gases produced increased with thermal power and neutrons flux. With the increase of coolant temperature led to decrease of the amounts of radioactive gases

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Article
The Larvicidal effect of four fungal aflatoxins against fourth instar larvae of the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Culicidae: Diptera)
التأثير السمي لأربع سموم فطرية ضد يرقات العمر الرابع لبعوض Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Culicidae: Diptera)

المؤلفون: M. T.AL-Hussaini --- A. Hergian
الصفحات: 79-88
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الخلاصة

The aflatoxins of four different soil fungi Aspergillus terreus, A. niger, A. oryazae, and Penicillium chrysogenum were tested for the larvicidal activity against fourth instar larvae of mosquito vector Culex quinquefasciatus. The concentrations of fungal culture filtrates used in the study ranged from 0.25 to 1 mg/ml. The results showed that the larval mortality percent gradually increased with the exposure periods 24, 48 and 72 hours. Among the four fungal species tested aflatoxin extracted from A. terreus was highly toxic to larvae of Cx. quinquefasciatus, at concentration 1mg/ml the larval mortality percent was (90%) when compared to other three species of fungal culture filtrates. A. niger, P. chrysogenum and A. oryazae were (70.56, 25.56, and 0 %) after 48h respectively. The Electronic Microscopic tests of death larvae indicated that disorganized, shortened and damaged surface cuticle appeared after 48 h in fourth instar larvae of mosquito Cx. quinquefasciatus when treated with A. terreus aflatoxin compared to control treatments.

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Article
Effect of some mechanical properties on polyethelen - bentonite composite
تأثير بعض الخواص الميكانيكية على متراكب بولي اثيلين – بنتونايت

المؤلفون: وسن كامل حسن
الصفحات: 85-97
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الخلاصة

The research focuses on the preparation composite material containing Low Density Polyethelene (LDPE) and bentonite clay of grain size (75µm) ,followed by calcinations process at (300,500) ºC ,after that poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) solution prepared and used as a bonded layer covered the bentonite powder befor applied as a filler,pluger injection molding method were used to prepare samples which have filler percentage (2.5,5,7.5,10,12.5)% . Many tests have been done including: (Bending test,Impact,Hardness , Compression strength and Tension) . The research results showed that the values (Bending,Hardness,Compression Strength,Tensile) will increase with the increase of the filler percentage ,in the other hand the values of impact strength will be decrease with the increase of the filler percentage of the all samples used in this research .

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Article
Prevalence of Buxtonella sulcata in neonatal and young lambs in three regions in Baghdad city (Abu Ghraib, Yusufiya and Mahmudiyah)
انتشار الإصابة بطفيلي Buxtonella sulcata في الحملان في ثلاث مناطق من محافظة بغداد (أبو غريب , اليوسفية , المحمودية)

المؤلفون: H. H. O. Al-Seady --- M. H. kawan
الصفحات: 89-94
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الخلاصة

Buxtonella sulcata (Jameson, 1926) is an intestinal protozoan of ruminants. B. sulcata may be a potential cause of diarrhea in lambs when there are suitable conditions in the intestinal lumen that promote the parasite multiplication. This work aimed to investigate the cyst and trophozoites of B. sulcata in lambs. 200 fecal samples of lambs (115 male – 85 female) were collected from three different areas in Baghdad province (Abu Ghraib, AL-Yusufiya and AL-Mahmudiyah), with age ranged from > 1month to 1year old. Two laboratory methods were used to detect B. sulcata cysts and trophozoites in fecal samples: direct wet film method and ether-formalin sedimentation method. The overall rate of infection was 24.5%, where the infection rate in male lambs 23.47% and in female 25.88%. Abo- Ghraib region showed the highest prevalence rate 34.28%.

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Article
Peripheral vascular trauma in karbala 6 years experience
جروح ألاوعيه الدموية ألمحيطيه في كربلاء

المؤلفون: Firas Shakir Mahmood
الصفحات: 95-102
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الخلاصة

Traumatic Peripheral vascular injuries define as injuries to axillobrachial arteries and and femoropopliteal arteries which represent 4-6% of major trauma. Although its uncommon, ischemia and hemorrhage can be limb threatening and life threatening. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is therefore crucial. Delay in management allows irreversible ischemic injury to take place and encourages propagation of intravascular thrombosis, which results in eventual loss of function or even limb itself. Management of vascular trauma often present a challenge due to lack necessarily setting in developing countries, adding to that additional burden from terrorist attack between time to time. Objective: the aim of this study is to show the relationship between delay in surgical interference and outcome of surgery and to collect data about different aspect of epidemiology and management of peripheral vascular injuries. Period: From 01 Jan 2008 to 31 Dec 2013.

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Article
The Study of Radioactivity in Soil Samples from AL-Haidriya City in Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf Governorate
دراسة النشاط الاشعاعي لنماذج من تربة مدينة الحيدرية في محافظة النجف الأشرف

المؤلفون: علي خلف حسن --- سجاد علي أمين
الصفحات: 98-110
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الخلاصة

To study the radioactivity for soil of AL-Haidriya city in AL-Najaf AL-Ashraf , Choosing (30) location to take samples from the cityand tow samples were collected from each site, the first from surface soil (0-10) cm , the second depth (20-30) cm , to reach (60) sample and The gamma rays spectral measurements were done for all samples by using Iodide Sodium activated by Thallium NaI(Tl), its dimension 3"× 3". Were found the averageof the quality activity for of uranium 238U , thorium 232Th and potassium 40K, in the studied models (10.00±2.17)Bq/Kg ,(8.73±2.29)Bq/Kg and (66.53±3.72)Bq/Kg, respectively.The average values of the equivalent radium ,The absorbed dose in air ,The effectivedose of annual internal, The effective dose of the annual external,external risk coefficient,internal risk coefficient andthe activity concentration index (Iγ) where(26.42±5.68) Bq/Kg , (12.65±2.57) nGr/h , (0.0620±0.0126) mSv/yr , (0.0154±0.0030) mSv/yr , (0.0729±0.0153) , (0.0983±0.0210) and(0.1944±0.0394)respectively.By comparing the results with worldwide, It was found that the levels of radiation for samples studied within the permissible limits globally

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Article
Tribol Settlement in city Al-Hindiya (Touirij) 1817-1917
الإستيطان العشائري في مدينة الهندية (طويريج) 1817-1917م

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الخلاصة

In light of the foregoing unclear The location of the city Al-Hindiya River, Al-Hindiya, and proximity to the cities of Hilla and Karbala, has gained importance geographic manifested itself in several ways, including -modua Seat- the settlement of the clan, which reveals the reason for the emergence and increase of population settlement. It was For meeting transportation routes water at the edges after drilling the helm of Al-Hindiya in (1913), which contributed significantly to increase the attraction of population to it, as well as add them to the religious factor of economic power for mediating the road that connects the city of Hilla city of Karbala, where the holy sites there , And frequented by thousands of visitors annually passing through its territory. Increased population density of the area since the first half of the nineteenth n loan by family and tribal migrations from different cities of Iraq to it, and was Their goal is to get agricultural land , And contributed Totunhm this in the formation of the new society, who was born form the city, and necessitated them conditions to the new environment of coexistence in a stable community of individuals familiar gathering Association of Blood or tribalism, and are descended from the origins and backgrounds populated mixed depends mostly on his living on the agriculture and business craft Statistics .

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Article
The cyclic decomposition of the group
التجزئة الدائرية للزمرة

المؤلفون: Intissar Abd AL- Hur Kadum
الصفحات: 103-117
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الخلاصة

The group of all Z-valued characters of a finite group G over the group of induced unit characters from all cyclic subgroups of G forms a finite a belian group, called Artin Cokernel of G ,denoted by AC(G).The problem of finding the cyclic decomposition of Artin cokernel has been considered in this paper ,the cyclic decomposition of is : = . Also we give the general form of rational character and Artin's characters tables of group.

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Article
The evolution of poetic language in critical discourse Iraqi academic letters and examples of poetic language Atarih
تطور اللغة الشعرية في الخطاب النقدي الأكاديمي العراقي رسائل وأطاريح اللغة الشعرية أمثلةً

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الخلاصة

In the name of God the Merciful and prayers and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon his family and companions Almentajabin blessed. After that, Trying researcher in this study follow the evolutionary poetic language in the messages and Atarih academic discourse Iraqi that tried to trace this concept (poetic language) and what are the mechanisms followed by the poets (under study) chipped away at the entity literary named hair and exploited to highlight text creative new included roots thoroughbreds which built what has brought them with him the poet of his soul to get it out for us in this color and shape outstanding insert it into the orbit of creativity. This has been imposed on the nature of the subject researcher contends that divided the form of paragraphs focused on the first original study, which imposed its existence and shares in the building told the Arabic poem thoroughbreds. In the second the researcher said in a statement to initiate a mechanism to exploit the first shock of this edifice to enter most of the hair systems of Islam and the impact of the Koran in it. Then we look at the evolutionary brought by the Abbasid era, and his son's large overlap between the different cultures that have sprung winds, finds itself in that era and beyond the mechanics of the evolutionary age Andalusian Valasor late Valasr modern model Almasr fabricated between the words being said past form and compositions relying all on what the initiative in the minds of Monetary researchers in academic discourse critical of the Iraqi private language of poetry.

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Article
The effect of exposure to permethrin during organization Stages on some reproductive Hormoe and antioxidants in female rats
تاثيرالتعرض للبرمثرين خلال المرحلة النشوئية على بعض هرمونات التكاثر ومضادات الاكسدة في اناث الجرذان البالغة

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الخلاصة

The present studay was conducted at Veterinary Medicine college / University of Karbala to investigate the effect of exposure to Permethrin during gestation stage of life on some hormones related with reproductive and antioxidants . In the experiment 40 rats, 28 female and 12 male rats were used gestation, then pregnant female albino rats were separated from the stud and divided into four main groups ( 7 for each group) . the first group served as control, in which the rats orally gaveged with distal water 0.5 ml/kg/BW of 0.001 ethanol, and other three treated groups orally administered 0.02, 25, 75 mg/kg/day) respectively daily the pregenant female dosed permethrin daily according to their groups from gestational day 7 of gestation till the day 21 and their offspring were reared and hold without more dosing untile day 60 of age on the other hand, The reproductive hormone were significantly (P< 0.05) altered in response to exposure to Permethrin by reduction of Testosterone and elevation of Progesterone of all treated groups, The level of Prolactin, LH,FSH were significantly decreased of all treated groups . the level s of antioxidants of Super oxide dismutase and Total anticapcity were significantly decreased in all treated groups. In conclusion , the present study suggest that the permethrin exposure during organization stages of life casues Disturbance the hormone levels in females and we recommended avoiding exposure during pregnancy and during childhood to permethrin.

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Article
Dialogue in hair Saheb Ibn Abbad (T. 385 AH) - The study of narrative - Preparation
سردية الحوار في شعر الصاحب بن عباد ( ت 385هـ)

المؤلفون: بشار لطيف جواد --- حربي نعيم محمد الشبلي
الصفحات: 118-126
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الخلاصة

Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon the noblest of creation Muhammad and his family good divine good and yet ... The literature represents a repertoire of the nation and its heritage authentic, which is the outcome of the minds believe all faith right in sophistication, is no secret to students that the fourth century may form an important position in the history of Arabic literature since fathered nobles flags and their sidekick Ibn Abbad writer and famous writer, so it was chosen to be the focus of research and study and apply the approach to the narrative of modern poetry to the availability of the elements of the narrative, especially the dialogue, which he found in abundance in his hair, Voguetdt the nature of the research to be in two sections Atkdmanma boot followed by a conclusion .. The boot noting the impact of the dialogue in Arabic poetry and the extent of the poet to accommodate this technology and its application in his hair. The first Alambh guarantees the external dialogue (Aldaalog), including techniques and methods, while ensuring the second section of the internal dialogue (Almanloj), including the dialogue of self and ego for the poet and the search ended conclusion Ojmlna the most important results. I daresay that our work together will add knowledge to the field of literary studies, we have made the effort, and we succeeded thanks to the God of the air filled, although we fail If for nothing else, we worked hard, and Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.

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Article
Study the effect of the Aperture And Field Of View on Cassegrain Telescopes
دراسة تأثير فتحة الإدخال ومجال الرؤيا على التلسكوب الكاسكريني

المؤلفون: Raja Abdul-Ameer Madlool --- Marwa jawad Al-Juburi
الصفحات: 118-142
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الخلاصة

In this research study the effect of Aperture and Field Of View on some of the parameters that control the visual quality of the image formed by Cassegrain telescope for the purpose of evaluate the performance of this telescope that study (RMS) Root Mean Square. The form of the distribution of the rays Encircled Energy (Enc) and A spherical Aberration is one of the most important factors affecting the composition of the image in the telescope and by which they can evaluate the work of the telescope. I have been studying these parameters through the use of program Zemax where the results showed that an increase in Aperture lead to increased A spherical Aberration in the image or visual system also leads at the same time to increase the area of the bright spot (RMS). The Encircled Energy increase less Aperture System spherical and non-spherical system increases and this evidence quality optical design for the case study of this topic telescope Cassegrain, but the spherical Aberration and Encircled Energy Remains a constant with Field Of View As for the Root Mean Square increase.

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Article
The effect of effective dose phytoestrogen of esteoperosis induced in femal rabbits
تأثيرالجرعة المؤثرة ED50 للاستروجين النباتي المستخلص على هشاشة العظام المستحث في اناث الارانب

المؤلفون: غصون غانم --- وفاق جبوري البازي
الصفحات: 121-134
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to determine the impact of effective dose ED50 estrogenic plant (phytoestrogen)) extracted from the beans, white beans dry on the effectiveness female rabbits which induced Osteoporosis by bilateral removal of the ovaries .As for the experience of the second randomly divided 32 female rabbits (8 / group ) left the first group control group ( G1)) and removed the ovaries of the second group (G2) and injected into the third set to 0.2 mg / kg of plant estrogens without removing the ovaries have (G3) and treated Group IV with effective dose of (phytoestrogen) after the removal of the ovaries (G4). After some physiological parameters observed the following results : -In the group of animals removed ovaries and for a period of six months, observed a significant decrease (P <0.05) in the level of Estrogen (E) and the level of Glutathion (GSH) and phosphorus P in serum while observed a significant increase (P <0.05) at the level MDA and the level of calcium concentration and the level of effectiveness of Ca Alkaline Phosphate (ALP) in comparison with the rest of the groups.Group of animals removed ovaries and treated after six months (G4) observed a significant increase (P <0.05) in the level of estrogen E and GSH and p and a significant decrease (P <0.05) in MDA and Ca and ALP compared with the group removed the ovaries G2.Group of animals that were treated without removal of the ovaries G3 has been observed observed a significant increase (P <0.05) in the level of E and GSH and p, and a significant decrease (P <0.05) in the MDA and Ca and ALP, compared with a group of animals removed ovaries G2 and group G4.and For the study of histological observed deterioration in bone tissue with increase of the spaces in the body of bone tissue and affect the channels Volkmann group of female removed the ovaries . while when injection the effective dose of phytoestrogen observed lack of deterioration of bone tissue.

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Article
Description of nature Rosin between Abu Bakr Alsanobary and Eben Wakee AlTinesy - comparative study -
مفردات الطبيعة الصامتة بين أبي بكر الصنوبري وابن وكيع التنيسي - دراسة موازنة –

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الخلاصة

It balance between two minds and shows the points of differences and similarities between them , as well as the researcher's mind ; and this what creates a wide vast area of freedom which drift the research away from monotony of speech as if it was about one poet , In addition it this study contribute develops researcher 's literary faste in selectinig the appropriate fexts that suits the subject , which makes the researcher acritic . Perhaps the most important rationale for the balance between the poets Abu Bakr Rosin and son and Kia Ltinaysa as follows : 1- Their reputation for describing the nature more than purposes , as it was accompanied Rosin Broziath name, title, and a son and Kia poet dice and wine; making Ohaarhma - for this purpose - is rich in fertile material worthy of study and attention . 2-their reput ato for describing Nature more than other purposes – as it was accompanied Al-Sonawbary's name with ferfile , And Ibn – Wakee was named , the Rose and mine Poet . 2- poets belonging to the same tribe, a tribe of Arab equivalents; with a long history, which gave birth to many of the poets and writers. . poets lived in an era close - in the fourth century AH 3- 4- the similarity of the environmental conditions at both poets, as characterized by the cities of poets naturally beautiful witch had a positive effect on the same poets obsessed with the beauty of nature, and Focefaha Tghazla beauty.

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Article
The effective dose of phytoestrogen extracted from bean plant on osteoblast
الجرعة المؤثرة ED50 للاستروجين النباتي المستخلص من نبات الفاصوليا على الخلية بانية العظم

المؤلفون: غصون غانم --- وفاق جبوري البازي
الصفحات: 135-142
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to determine the impact of effective dose ED50 estrogenic plant (phytoestrogen)) extracted from the beans, white beans dry on the effectiveness of osteoblasts Osteoblast cells (in vitro). Through study some parameters genetic and some standards Plant estrogens extracted from white kidney beans, and then extracted effective dose ED50-estrogenic plant, designed the experiment and that Ba for the distribution of random for 48 of the female rabbits into six groups (8 / group) were injected into the first group with saline and used a control (G1) with injected intramuscularly second group 0.07 mg / kg of plant estrogens (G2) and the third 0.1 mg / kg (G3) and fourth 0.2 mg / kg(G4 and the fifth 0.5 mg / kg (G5) and sixth 0.7 mg / kg (G6) daily for four weeks then was measured some occupational standards (such as total cholesterol Total Cholesterol (TC) , high-density lipid protein High lipoprotein density (HDL) and identified the effective dose was 0.2 mg/ kg .Been studying the biological activity of bone cells after estrogen treatment plant at the cells osteoblasts, has been influential estimate the concentration of estrogen on bone and vital cell concentrations using upward (400,200,100,50,25,12.5, micrograms / ml) for 24, 48 and 72 hours. found a concentration of 50 micrograms is the most effective and less toxic. But the study showed that the effect of dose of 25 micrograms was the most effective in activating genes that produce collagen. As for the study of the effect of plant estrogens on the effectiveness of genes collagen and fibronectin observed increase of the activity of bone cells, a collagen, a gene responsible for a building material intra-tissue bone, as well as some of the genes responsible for a building cell membrane proteins, which works on the adhesion of bone cells to Article interfaces Fibronectin and that these genes reduces the process of programmed cell death .

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Article
Biochemical Bone Markers in Prostate Cancer Patients with Advanced Bone Metastasis
الدالات الكيموحيوية للعظم لمرضى سرطان البروستات المنتشرالى العظم

المؤلفون: Narjis Hadi Al-Saadi --- Nazar J. Metib Al-Daami --- Aziz Hussain J.
الصفحات: 143-149
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الخلاصة

Prostate cancer is now recognized as one of the most important medical problems facing the male population and it is one of the most common cancer types. For this reason led us to investigate the prostate tumor markers for detection prostate cancer. In advanced stages, the prostate cancer is metastasis and arrived to the bone this led to lose of bone mineral density (BMD) and cause osteoporosis, therefor we measured urinary deoxypyridinoline (DPD) as a marker of collagen degradation activity, serum total-alkaline phosphatase activity, and measurement of calcium and phosphate as minerals of bone. This study included 46 patients with prostate tumor their ages ranging (50-80) year and 30 healthy subjects, matched in age with patients as control. Patients were classified according to stage of tumor. 7 patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (B.P.H) , 39 patients with carcinoma, 24 patients with metastasis prostate cancer (M.P.C), and 15 patients with localized prostate cancer (L.P.C). The results showed a significant (p< 0.0001) increase in levels of PSA, DPD, T-ALP, Ca+2 and PO4-3 in prostate tumor compared with the control group. In addition the results revealed a high significant (p < 0.000) increase in the level of urine DPD , serum PSA in patients with M.P.C compared with L.P.C and B.P.H patients, also there was a high significant (p < 0.01) increase in the level of Ca+2 and PO4-3 in patients with MPC compared with L.P.C and BPC patients. The data suggest that serial monitoring of deoxypyridinoline (DPD) could be clinically useful as marker of metastatic bone tumors and for treatment monitoring.


Article
Study the effect of dietary supplementation on some biochemical parameters TC,TG,HDL-c,LDL-c,VLDL-c in sporters smokers and not smokers.
دراسة تأثير المكملات الغذائية على بعض المعايير TC,TG,HDL-c,LDL-c VLDL-c الكيموحيوية لدى الرياضيين المدخنيين والغير مدخنيين

المؤلفون: بتول عباس حسين --- اشواق كاظم عبيد
الصفحات: 143-147
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation on some biochemical parameters in sporters-smokers. Twenty adultsporters male were included in this study with age average (20-30 year) divided into four groups (5/group) , Fasting blood samples were collected from the first group of halthy sporters and served as control group (G1) and from sporters-smokers only(G2) and were taking foods complet only (G3).while (G4) taking from sporters-smokers and taking foods complet. To estimate the following parameters:, Serum Total Cholesterol(TC) Triacyglyceride (TG), Low density lipoprotine- chlesterole(LDL-C), very Low density Lipoprotein- cholesterol (VLDL-C),High density Lipoprotin- chlesterole(HDL-C). The results revealed ther were significant increase (p<0.05) in concentration of TC,TG, LDL,VLDL comparative with control group and no significant (p<0.05) in concentration of HDL.

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Article
A comparative study estimation of percentage of muscles Aspius vorax and Liza abu fishes
دراسة مقارنة لحساب نسب عضلات أسماك الشلك Aspius vorax والخشني Liza abu

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الخلاصة

The present study deals with estimation of percentage of red and white muscles fibers of two species of Teleost , which belongs to two different family she Aspius vorax which belongs to family Cyprinidae and Liza abu which belongs to family Mugilidae , The collection study sampling from AL-Hindia River by use Gill nets and Cost nets , The appear study Results has differ clear in ranges values to the study length groups , The present study shows the percentage of red muscles fibers were fewer than the white muscle fibers on different body regions (R1,R2,R3) among species . The proportion of red muscle fibers values ranged between (0.8 - 13.5) % while were the proportions of white muscle fibers ranged between (86.50 - 99.19) % in studied fish , and showed reduce of proportions red and white muscle fibers toward the posterior region of fish body . Therefore, These species put in Sprinters fishes depend on the proportion of White muscle fibers in muscular system in fish body , This study proved first from two species on fishes


Article
Numerical solution of Boundary value problems of fractional order using Cubic-spline Interpolation combined with method function
الحل العددي لمسائل القيم الحدوديه ذات المرتبه الكسريه بأستخدام تقريب مركباً مع داله طريقه Cubic-spline shooting

المؤلفون: Mohamed Saleh Mehdi
الصفحات: 150-160
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الخلاصة

In this paper we shall use the Cubic spline method combined with shooting method for solving fractional boundary value problems. In this approach the fractional order differential equation will be transformed into a system of ordinary differential equations used for approximating the fractional term. Numerical comparisons between the solution using this new method and the methods introduced in [17, 29] are presented. The obtained numerical results show that the proposed method maintains a remarkable high accuracy.

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Article
Lebanese parliamentary life (1943-1958)
الحياة النيابية اللبنانية (1943-1958)

المؤلفون: علي حسين نعيم الوائلي --- احمد ناجي
الصفحات: 151-175
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الخلاصة

The Lebanese political system may form as a result of ideological and political influences Western, especially French influences which oversaw the composition and that made him somewhat similar to the French system Bastnadeh to Parliament . Passed parliamentary life in Lebanon several stages, but the most important of which is the length confined between 1943, the year of independence, until the 1958 revolution the end of the era of President Camille Chamoun, if you have seen this term evolution of parliamentary life and organization of the laws, so the impact of the researcher to shed light on this period by selecting a topic marked (the evolution of parliamentary life in Lebanon from 1943 to 1958 ) After studying the evolution of parliamentary life in Lebanon for the period above was clear from the study of Presidents Bechara El Khoury and Camille Chamoun instrumental and important in addressing the key issues and momentous in the history of contemporary Lebanon, including support for the development of parliamentary life through the issuing of laws and regulations that have contributed to supplement and accelerate progress parliamentary life . Deputies were also able to perform on numerous occasions a lot of substantive amendments to the bills sent to the House by the government, including in the interest of the country, including the electoral laws

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Article
The Histological changes in female Albino rats That exposed to permethrin during organization stage
التغيرات النسجية في اناث الجرذان البيض البالغة عند التعرض للبرمثرين خلال المراحل النشوئية

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الخلاصة

The present studay was conducted at Veterinary Medicine college / University of Karbala to investigate the Histological changes of exposure to Permethrin during gestaion stages of life in female rats . In the experiment 40 rats, 28 female and 12 male rats were used, then pregnant female albino rats were separated from the stud and divided into four main groups ( 7 for each group) . the first group served as control, in which the rats orally gaveged with distal water 0.5 ml/kg/BW of 0.001 ethanol Daily for period differently lasted according to the experiment protocol, the rest three treated groups, in which the rats orally administered 0.02, 25, 75 mg/kg/day) respectively daily for 15 day extended for gestational day 7 of gestation till the day 21 and their offspring were reared and hold without more dosing untile day 60 of age then after the offspring were also hold to day 60 of age. Results showed changes including cell degeneration, necrosis and congestion observed in liver,kidney and spleen, Also loss ova ,bleeding, cyst like strucuter and sloughing observed in ovary. In conclusion , the present study suggest that the permethrin exposure during organization stages of life casues histopathological lesion in the organs of females and we recommended avoiding exposure human to Permethrin especially females and infant.

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Article
Preliminary Investigation for Intestinal and Blood Parasites in Starlings in Sulaimania Province.
مسح اولي للطفيليات المعوية والدموية في الزرزور في محافظة السليمانية

المؤلفون: Abdulrahman, N. R., --- Ameen, N. A., --- Raoof, H. H
الصفحات: 161-165
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الخلاصة

Intestinal tract of 107 Common starling birds have been examined, the birds captured in Sulaimania region during the period from 5/1/2012 to 5/7/2012 for detection of intestinal and blood parasites, at least three blood smears prepared from each birds for detection of blood parasites. The results were; two types of helminths were identified one of each: cestodes Choanotaenia masculosa and Acanthocephalan spp., Prevalence rates with these helminthes were 8.56% and 13.91% respectively and concerning to blood parasites there were no parasites detected.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Fabrication based porous silicon photo-detector and improving its spectral responsivity by depositing IZO thin films
صناعة كاشف ضوئي بالاعتماد على السليكون المسامي وتحسين استجابته الطيفية بترسيب اغشية اوكسيد الخارصين الرقيقه المشوبه بالانديوم

المؤلفون: Wisam J. Aziz and Abbas K. Jarhallah
الصفحات: 166-172
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الخلاصة

In this work porous silicon was prepared by electrochemical etching, then IZO thin films were deposited on porous silicon. SEM pictures showed different morphology for all from porous silicon and IZO films deposited on porous silicon. The pores diameter ranges from (0.5-1 μ m). AFM pictures showed the smoothness increased with depositing IZO films. The average roughness is (34.12 nm), (23.4 nm) and the root mean square is approximately (41.88 nm), (28 nm) for porous silicon and IZO film deposited on porous silicon respectively. The results showed increasing of the spectral responsivity with depositing IZO film. Spectral responsivity for photo detractor is about (0.69 A / Watt) then it improved by depositing IZO films and becomes (0.84 A / Watt).

الكلمات الدلالية

porous silicon --- thin films --- ZnO --- spectral responsivity.


Article
Numerical Method RO(SMS) of Evaluation of Triple Integrals with Continuous Integrands
طريقة RO(SMS) العددية لحساب التكاملات الثلاثية ذات المكاملات المستمرة

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الخلاصة

The main aim of this paper is to calculate triple integrals with continuous integrands numerically using the method resulting from Newton - Cotes the rules of (midpoint and Simpson) We have provided the theorem with the proof to find this rule and the correction error bounds with its ,And by depending on the correction error that we found it we have improved the results by using the method of acceleration Romberg on values resulting from the application Mid- point rule on middle dimension and Simpson rule on both dimensions the interior and exterior where the number of divisions on the exterior dimension is equal to the number of divisions on the middle dimension and equal to the number of divisions on the interior dimension, and we denoted it by symbol . we can be depend upon in calculating the triple integrals because it gave high accuracy with few subintervals and few time

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
On 3-prime fuzzy ideal with respect to an element of a near ring
حول المثالية 3 - الاولية الضبابية بالنسبة لعنصر ما في الحلقة القريبة

المؤلفون: Showq Mohammed .E --- Safaa Mahdi M.
الصفحات: 173-179
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الخلاصة

This paper introduces the notions of a 3-prime fuzzy ideal with respect to an element of a near ring N, denoted by (x-3-P-F-I) and we give some properties and example and we studied the image and inverse image of (x-3-P-F-I) under epimomorphism .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Image of Calipha/ Arab center in (Nwadr al_cowlaph named Elamal nas bema wake lal Baramika ma bane al abbas) By Alatlidi Reading in the cultural Criticism.
صورة الخليفة /المركز العربي قراءة في كتاب إعلام الناس بما وقع للبرامكة مع بني العباس للإتليدي _ قراءة في النقد الثقافي _

المؤلفون: نبراس هاشم ياس --- مكي محي عيدان
الصفحات: 176-182
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الخلاصة

The image of the center of the Art Caliph and his representations for the Other/Subaltern is an important theme in cultural criticism , So this reading reveal the mechanisms of domination which is made by the center , and how the center naturalization the governed with it through the ages . In the book (Nwader Al – cowlaph named elam al nas bema wake lal Baramika ma bane Al Abbas ) by Alatlidi , there are many codes represented the image of the caliph as a protector of Arab culture . The study deal with the poetry / the first tank of Arab cultural ,(Diwan AL Arab) ; in the corpus which confirms interest Caliphs in collect poetry and encouragement to say it , either of the Caliphs themselves : Caliphs product or recipient of the poetic texts , or caliphs encouragement poets In different ways. Such as reward money or moral support. The research indicated that Alatlidi representation of the Caliphs image rely on eclectic collection ensures the image of caliphs holiness by mentioning Narratives of the Prophet in a similar manner when he encouraged the Poetry which is suit for the Islamic religion in that time . also , the research alerted that the Caliph who took from Baghdad as a capital need more censorship role in product intellectual poetry , because Baghdad was a civilized city in that time , so it is very difficult to control the cultural in it by the center / Calipha.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Derivation Numerical Method by Using Simpson Rule to Evaluate Triple Integrations with Singular Partial Derivative Integrands
اشتقاق طريقة عددية باستخدام قاعدة سمبسون لحساب التكاملات الثلاثية ذات المكاملات المستمرة لكنها معتلة المشتقات الجزئية

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الخلاصة

The main aim of this research is to derive rule to find values of triple integrals, numerically its integrands have singular partial derivatires not on the end of the region of integration by using the Simpson rule with the three direction X,Y and Z . And to derive the correction error terms and we used Romberg acceleration to improve the results when the number of subintervals on the three dimensions are equal . We used the symbole RSSS to indicate this method and we can depend on this method because it gave high accuracy on the results with respect to the analytical values of integrations and with little subintervals.

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Article
Design and analysis of Large Pitch Photonic Crystal Fibers ) LPF PCF (for robust Single Mode operation
تصميم وتحليل الالياف البلورية الفوتونية ذات مسافة الخطوة الكبيرة (LPF PCF) للعمل بصورة اكثر تاكيد كاحادية النمط

المؤلفون: Riyadh Mwad Naife
الصفحات: 180-188
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الخلاصة

Since a Single-Mode (SM) output ensures high beam quality and excellent stability, the SM operation in Large-Mode-Area (LMA) fiber amplifiers and lasers is critical. This paper presents a numerical simulation of single mode operation for Large Pitch Photonic Crystal Fibers. Using COMSOL Multiphysics running with MATLAB, the confinement of the fundamental and higher-order modes in the core of fiber are obtained for different wavelengths, pitch sizes and air-holes diameter. In a certain point of air-holes diameter for different Large Pitch Photonic Crystal Fibers, the avoided crossing between HOMs has been occurred. In this point, the confinement loss of HOMs is increased which is more ensure for SM operation.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Orality in (Nwadr al_cowlaph named Elamal nas bema wake lal Baramika ma bane al abbas) By Alatlidi Reading in the cultural Criticism.
الشفاهية في كتاب نوادر الخلفاء المسمّى إعلام الناس بما وقع للبرامكة مع بني العباس للإتليدي _ قراءة في النقد الثقافي _

المؤلفون: نبراس هاشم ياس --- مكي محي عيدان
الصفحات: 183-190
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الخلاصة

The Arab culture was described as an oral culture , therefore the study of oral with some details like natural cause of oral and alphabetical forms of oral …etc , is necessary to investigation this phenomenon ,and to remove it towards a metropolis . In the book ( Nwader Al- cowlaph named elam al nas bema wake maa al Baramika ma bane Al Abbas ) by Al atlidi , there are texts in oral forms characterized by stereotype . So it is a phenomenon in book and we can follow and analysis it. The research study Al Ciladh,s written stereotype . first in historical writing and gives three concepts which are inspired from modern criticism which found that historical writing has codes and these codes give dynamic to text , and the research try to ask the question about the chapter entitled (Imam Ahmad and his good deeds virtues , Allah be pleased with him) this chapter may be added to the book in later , because this chapter doesn't agree with a approach taken by the authored Al Atlidi . This search presents examples of Al cliaph,s written stereotype and was studied under two shape of oral : documentaries and clichés , before that there was a definition to these shapes as a vocabulary and as a idiomatically at the and we can say this research concludes that Al Atlidi in his book followed the same stereotype which is Arab culture characterized with it , because the two shape of oral : documentaries and clichés filled up the texts which Al Atlidi selected from heritage of Arab cropus .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence of Laser and Shot Peening Treatments on Fatigue Properties of 2017 Aluminum alloy.
تاثير معاملات الليزر والقذف بالكريات على خصائص الكلال لسبيكة الالمنيوم2017

المؤلفون: Hamed. A. Hussein
الصفحات: 189-195
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الخلاصة

Laser peening (LP) is an emerging surface treatment capable of imparting compressive surface residual stresses and thereby improving the surface resistance of structure to dynamic loading. While the general mechanical concept is similar to conventional shot peening(SP). The present work presents an attempt to illustrate the influence of laser and shot peening on the behavior of fatigue of 2017 aluminum alloy under room temperature and stress ratio (R= -1). The objective of the current work is to evaluate the effect of (LP) and (SP) on the constant fatigue behavior of 2017 aluminum alloy. Also the evaluating of residual stresses at the surface has been conducted. The concluded remarks from this study can be summarized as: At high stresses the (SP) treatment improved the fatigue life by a factor of (35%) while at low stresses this factor becomes (%44%). No improvement effect of (LP) on fatigue life and the lives were reduced by (40%) compared with dry fatigue.


Article
The Problems which the Aged persons suffers at te hous Aged persons in holy Karbala Governorate .
(المشاكل التي يعاني منها المسنون في دار الرعاية الاجتماعية(دار رعاية المسنين) في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة ) .

المؤلفون: شافي حسين علي --- شهلاء عبيد محمد
الصفحات: 191-209
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الخلاصة

This study aims to reveal the Problems of The Aged person at the hous of the social Sponsorship in Kerbala Governorate, The sample of the reserch includes 30 figures (15 female and 15 males) . Researchers used the questionnaire as a research tool , After confirming the validity and reliability of the tool, has the data processing equation (Fisher) among the weighted correlation coefficient (Pearson) for persistence the study found the following results:- Need for the elderly to health and social care by the social care home in the city of Karbala as they also need financial and moral support to what Ienoh of psychiatric diseases and environmental health and they feel that their presence in this house is difficult and tiring to the lack of appropriate conditions for their comfort. It was one of the most important recommendations reached by the researchers are:- • Increased interest in social care homes for the elderly any Bnzelaúha men and women and that there are excellent programs to care for them and help them healthy and psychologically • that there will be a national day refers to the state's interest in this category that are in dire need of care. • to give each of the sixty-year-old with a medal holds its own on the chest and the elderly receive care wherever they go and to have a formal social institutions sponsored and supported psychologically and physically This is the case in most of the countries in which the man and not the high value of the dinar or position he annihilated it for dozens and even hundreds for him falling values and ethics back down until the chair and the highest value of the dinar and not of man, especially the elderly man

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Copula Functions and correlations Personal Contribution
دوال الكوبله ومعاملات الارتباط مساهمه شخصيه

المؤلفون: Ahmed Al-Adilee --- Karrar Dheiaa. Mohammed
الصفحات: 196-205
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الخلاصة

This study concerned with comparing correlation coefficient (correlation) to copula functions (copulas) throughout their correlations, which are defined by means of their copulas . Indeed, it is an attempt to answer the following question, why copula functions (copula) is preferred in modern statistical inference to correlation?. We will discuss each topic individually, to make a right decision about the question above. For making our decision clear we have recalled some of the basic concepts related to correlation and copulas so that we can show the characteristics and differences of using each one.

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Article
Effect of pyridoxine and Potassium Phosphate on vegetative, Flowering Growth, and Bulbs Formation of Tulip ( Tulipa gesneriana ) cv. Olioules.
تأثير البيريدوكسين وفوسفات البوتاسيوم في صفات النمو الخضري والزهري وتكوين الابصال في نبات التيولب Tulipa gesneriana cv. Olioules

المؤلفون: زينب أحمد علي آل طاهر
الصفحات: 196-204
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted of at Agriculture college, University of Basra to study the effect of pyridoxine and potassium phosphate on vegetative, flowering growth parameters and bulbs formation of Tulip . Randomized complete Block Design were used with three replications for each treatment . pyridoxine concentration were 0,20 and 30 mg/L, while, the levels of potassium phosphate used were 0, 50 and 100mg/L. results showed that, potassium phosphate at 0,50 mg/L, was superior compared to all other treatments in lengthening flower age, flower diameter and shortened the period required for flowering . whereas, pyridoxine at 20 mg/L was superior in petiole length and plant height compared to other treatments. Potassium phosphate at 100mg/L significantly increased bulb fresh weight compared to all other treatments. Pyridoxine at 30 mg/L. significantly increased petiole diameter compared to control and vitamin B6 ( 20 mg/L ) and not significantly different with potassium phosphate at 50 and 100 mg/L.

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Article
Study of the case hermaphrodite and Sex reversal in the yellow fin sea bream Acanthopagrus latus in AL -Razaza lake
دراسة الحالة الخنثية والتحول الجنسي في اسماك الشعم الفضي (الشانك) Acanthopagrus latus المصطادة من بحيرة الرزازة

المؤلفون: جاسم عبد العباس عبد الله
الصفحات: 205-218
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الخلاصة

The phenomenon of protandrous hermaphrodite and sex reversal has been studies in Acanthopagrus latus that is currently available in Al Razaza lake which fished by gill nest or cast net . A sample of 161 was chosen for the period of begining of August 2008 up to the end of January 2009 . Through this study , the fish gender and its sexual maturation were limited , and a studying monthly varieties of gonads function values GSI and liver function HSI and studying fish length at the first sex adulthood . The study also included the external and structure descriptive of the fish gonads . It was notices , according to the study , that the sex proportion was 38.51 for males and 44.72 for females and 16.77 for the hermaphrodite . The statistic analysis results showed that there are no moral differences between the observed and expected sex proportion ( p >0.05 ) . For the male proportion to the female in the total gathering is 1:0.86 ; it was noticed that the proportion tends to for the female with the age progress .this refers to the sex diversion from the male to male protandrous . The monthly changes in gonad function values of males and females showed that the increase in GSI values of both sexes start from September with a continual increase till reach the highest value in January 1.47 for male and 2.30 for female . The monthly change of the liver function showed that the increase in HSI values start from September with a continual increase reaching the top in January to 2.11 for male and 2.26 for female. The external examination for the Acanthopagrus latus gonads identified three types of gonads male , female and hermaphroditic .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Determing Energy Levels of 56Co Using ( MSDI) of The Nuclear Shell Model
تحديد مستويات الطاقة لنواة 56Co باستخدام جهد دلتا السطحي المعدل لنموذج القشرة النووي

المؤلفون: D.N.HAMED
الصفحات: 206-210
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الخلاصة

The nuclear energy levels for nucleus 56Co have been calculated within Nuclear Shell Model (N.S.M.) using Modified Surface Delta Interaction ( MSDI ) as the residual interaction between two nucleon as finding spectra of 50Sc we obtain the energy levels of the 56Co energy levels of configuration (particle-hole) in model space . Computer programs is apply to calculate the Clebsch-Gordan , Racah coefficient and matrix elements which use to get the energy levels for all allowable total angular momentum . After comparing the theoretical results by using (MSDI) and considering the experimental results a fine identification was found between them.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Combating terrorism crimes after 11th Sep. 2001 events
مکافحة جريمة الارهاب الدولي بعد احداث 11 ايلول 2001 م

المؤلفون: علي خالد دبيس
الصفحات: 210-225
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الخلاصة

Constitute the events of September 11, 2001 that hit New York and Washington in the United States took a decisive turn in the history of international relations, as it redrew the political map and changed a lot of the foundations of the international system, as reprinted international terrorism to occupy the center stage of global issues, and revealed the futility of international efforts for decades to eliminate it. It also cemented its implications for the conviction of the fragility of the structure of the international system and the futility of its mechanisms as well as the responses left by hidden relate to the purpose of promoting an atmosphere of racism against Arabs and Muslims and accuse their environment as a productive environment for terrorism. Showed these events and the concomitant and subsequent military actions and diplomatic moves and international positions . The real need to adopt legislation of international legal standards to ensure the achievement of a balanced justice away from duplication in dealing with the files in question.And such legislation must have international consensus and be approved by all countries of the world and not the monopoly of the legislation on specific countries . To ensure the application of this legislation to be the formation of an international legal institutions take into account the practical application of these laws and be representative of most of the countries of the world . It is a humanitarian side to another must promote civil society and the international responsibility to fight terrorism and extremism in all its forms supported international effort moral and material and legislative .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of thermal insulation on compressive strength of concrete exposed to high temperature by using ansys software.
تأثير العازل الحراري على مقاومة الأنضغاط للكونكريت المعرض لدرجات حرارية عالية بأستخدام برنامج الأنسز

المؤلفون: Ridha hameed Majeed --- mohsin obaid muhi --- Mahmood eaifan Mohamed
الصفحات: 211-221
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الخلاصة

The concrete construction suffer from the loss of a lot of mechanical properties (compressive strength) when exposed to fire because of the dehydration of cement paste which causes to lose of its adhesive property. The study has been carried out to establish the mathematical equation between the compressive strength of concrete and firing temperature at varying times depending on the experimental data of firing concrete obtained from previous studies .Result of mathematical equation gave good agreement Depending on the thermal properties of concrete got a relationships as mathematical equations to explain the temperatures distribution and time on firing specimen of transient heat by using the ansys software 14, also the study included the effect of adding a Calcium Silicate as insulation on those variable. Compressive strength was calculated from ansys results with and without insulator depend on the earlier mathematical equation. Results showed the influence of adding insulation material to reduce the fire effect's on the residual compressive strength of fired specimen's. Finally, it can refer to the the possibility of the use the research equations to give first prediction of the amount of damage caused by the fire in the concrete constructions after knowing the fire temperature and the type , thickness of the insulators.


Article
Derivation numerical method by using simpson rule to evaluate triple integrations with singular partial derivative integrands
اشتقاق طريقة عددية باستخدام قاعدة سمبسون لحساب التكاملات الثنائية ذات المكاملات المعتلة المشتقات الجزئية

المؤلفون: علي حسن محمد --- علي حمزة عباس
الصفحات: 219-238
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الخلاصة

The main aim of this research is to derive rule to find values of douple integrals, numerically its integrands have singular partial derivatires not on the end of the region of integration by using theSimpsonrule with the two direction x and y. and the derive the correction error terms and we used Romberg acceleration to improve the results when the number of subintervals on the direction of dimension equal to subintervals on the direction of dimension y . and we will use the symbole RSS to indicate this method and we can depend on this method because it gave high accuracy on the results with respect to the analytical values of integrations and with little subintervals.

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Article
Incidence of Multi-Drug Resistant Escherichia Coli Isolates from Blood and Urine in Kerbala, Iraq.
نسبة الاصابة لبكتريا الاشريشية القولونيةالمعزولة من الدم والادرار المقاومة لعدد من اصناف المضادات الحيوية في كربلاء. العراق

المؤلفون: SuhadHadi Mohammed --- MohanadMohsin Ahmed --- KaremKdaer Karem
الصفحات: 222-227
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الخلاصة

Escherichia coli is a common cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) and septicemia/ bactriemia. With the increase of antibiotic resistance among E. coli isolates, monitoring of the incidence of drug resistance became critical for appropriate empiric selection of antibiotic therapy. The aims of this study are to explore the drug resistance patterns among E. coli isolates from urine and blood in Kerbala, and to identify the antibiotics that might be considered appropriate for empirical treatment for UTI and Septicemia caused by E. coli in the study region. A total of 1637 culture results of urine (n=410) and blood (n=1227) were reviewed and analyzed for isolation and identification of bacteria , antimicrobial susceptibility testing, in addition, patients age and sex. Only single isolate per patients were considered in the study analyses. E. coli was isolated from 105 patients (62 from urine and 43 from blood samples). High resistance rates were documented to Ampicillin (95.7%), Cephalothin (94.0%), Amoxicillin-Clavulanic acid (89.09%), Cefixime (82.7%), Ceftriaxone (78.4%) and Cefotaxime (76.9%). In contrast, high degrees of sensitivity were detected to Imipenem (100%), Nitrofurantoin (90.2%), Chloramphenicol (81.8%) and Amikacin (76.0%). No significant differences were seen in susceptibility patterns among isolates from blood versus urine. Overall, 67 isolates (63.8%) were multi-drug resistant (MDR), that are resistant to more than 2 classes of antibiotics. Proportion of MDR isolates among urine samples was higher than among blood samples (69.4% versus 55.8%). In conclusion: E. coli displayed high resistance rates to several antibiotics. However, Imipenem, Nitrofurantoin, chloramphenicol and amikacin are appropriate for empirical treatment for UTI and Septicemia caused by E. coli inKerbala. Continuous surveillance of drug –resistance is highly recommended.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Judicature in Hilla, During the Eighteenth Century (A Historical Study)
القضاء في الحلة خلال القرن الثامن عشر الميلادي(دراسة تاريخية)

المؤلفون: علي كامل حمزه السرحان
الصفحات: 226-245
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الخلاصة

The efforts of the Ottoman Sultans in relation to judicial organizations, aims to remodel based on a pyramid sits at the top al-Islam , and a judge of the military in Romeilia and Anatolia , and followed in the second division of the Mullahs adults who occupy the function the Chief Justice in the capital, Istanbul In the Two Holy Mosques ( Mecca and Medina ) and centers Greater including Baghdad , which also includes judges Alsnagq affiliates , including the Sanjak of Hilla . Varied systems of litigation in the Ottoman Empire between the two: the judges of the Sharia law , and judges politics , has varied the terms of reference based on the two systems , although they are all control on according to the principles of Islamic law , and judges were appointed to those terms of reference belonging to the office of the Shaykh al-Islam , by virtue of his work at the head of the Islamic as the Grand Mufti , the religious factor was one of the main factors upon which the foundations of the Ottoman Empire , and the application of that factor in terms of form only .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Catalytic regioselective chlorination of phenols in the presence of polysulfide polymer containing 1, 3, 4-thiadiazole unit
الكلورة الانتقائية للفينولات باستخدام عوامل مساعدة من بوليمرات السلفايد التي تحتوي على وحدة 1, 3, 4-ثايودايزول.

المؤلفون: Ali Jassim. Al-Zuhairi
الصفحات: 228-237
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الخلاصة

Polymeric sulfides containing 1, 3, 4-thiadiazole unit with different spacer group length have been synthesized and established to be useful catalysts for the chlorination of phenol, o-cresol, m-cresol and m-xylenol using freshly distilled sulfuryl chloride in the presence of Lewis acid as a co-catalyst at room temperature. The yields of para-isomers and para/ortho ratios were higher compared to cases where no catalyst was used with most catalysts for most phenols even when a very low concentration of poly sulfide was used.


Article
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF BEHAVIOR OF REINFORCED CONCRETE SLABS UNDER IMPACT LOADING
دراسة عملية لسلوك البلاطات الخرسانية المسلحة تحت الاحمال الصدمية

المؤلفون: Ali G. Abbas AL-Khafaji --- Adnan F. Ali
الصفحات: 238-252
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الخلاصة

An experimental program to study the behavior of reinforced concrete slabs under impact loading was carried out through this work . Experimental work included testing of fifteen two-way reinforced concrete slabs , three of which were tested under central concentrated static loads while the others were tested under impact loading by means of a falling mass at the center of the slab .A steel ball of (90mm) diameter and (3 kg) weight was used as a falling mass for all the impact tests. The main test variables in this study were: dimensions of the slabs , reinforcement ratio, height of fall of the striking object and support conditions of the slab. The maximum transient and residual central deflections were measured in each impact test using linear variable differential transformer(LVDT).It was found that the central deflections are proportional to the height of fall of the striker at low heights(less than 600 mm)for all tested slabs under impact loads. These deflections were found to be much larger with a slight increase in height of fall of the striker ( almost a double value of deflections was noticed at an increase in fall of less than 25 % beyond 600 mm height of fall ). Also ,it was found that , with the repetition of strikes and as the falling height of the striking object increases , cracks at the bottom faces of all slabs starts prior to those at the top face . However , cracks do not propagate longitudinally or widen with the increase of heights of falls but rather scabbing of the concrete starts to form with large pieces of concrete scabbs out at larger drop height .

الكلمات الدلالية

impact testing --- drop-weight --- reinforced concrete --- slabs


Article
Response three genotypes of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to different levels of the depths of Agriculture
استجابة ثلاثة تراكيب وراثية من زهرة الشمس (Helianthus annuus L.) لمستويات مختلفة من اعماق الزراعة

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الخلاصة

A factorial field experiment was carried out in one of the fields in Baghdad at autumn and spring seasons (2014). Experiment aimed at studying the effect of genotypes (Iraq Flower , Flami and Coban) and the depths of Agriculture (6, 9, 12 cm) and overlap with each other in knowledge influence the yield of sunflowe,using a randomized complete block design and three replications .The results of the study, Flami Safat mentioned in all except the weight of 1000 seeds out weigh the genotype Coban In the recipe disk diameter did not outperform any genotype not to exceed genotype Iraq flower and the superiority of all Safat genotype .The results of the study and to the depths of Agriculture outweigh depth of 3 cm in the recipe plant height and depth exceeds 6 cm in most Safat mentioned outweigh the depth and 9 cm in diameter disk status and holds the seeds.In the overlap between the genotypes and the depths of Agriculture was significant for all traits. Given the overlap (Iraq Flower and 9 cm) the highest rate in the disk diameter for seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Flami and 3 cm), the highest rate in plant height for seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Flami and 6 cm), the highest rate in the number of days from planting to maturity and leaf area and the number of seeds / tablet for seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Flami and 9 cm), the highest rate in the holds seeds for both seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Coban and 6 cm), the highest rate in the number of days from planting to 50% Flowering and weight of 1000 seeds for both seasonal agriculture. A factorial field experiment was carried out in one of the fields in Baghdad at autumn and spring seasons (2014). Experiment aimed at studying the effect of genotypes (Iraq Flower , Flami and Coban) and the depths of Agriculture (6, 9, 12 cm) and overlap with each other in knowledge influence the yield of sunflowe,using a randomized complete block design and three replications .The results of the study, Flami Safat mentioned in all except the weight of 1000 seeds out weigh the genotype Coban In the recipe disk diameter did not outperform any genotype not to exceed genotype Iraq flower and the superiority of all Safat genotype .The results of the study and to the depths of Agriculture outweigh depth of 3 cm in the recipe plant height and depth exceeds 6 cm in most Safat mentioned outweigh the depth and 9 cm in diameter disk status and holds the seeds.In the overlap between the genotypes and the depths of Agriculture was significant for all traits. Given the overlap (Iraq Flower and 9 cm) the highest rate in the disk diameter for seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Flami and 3 cm), the highest rate in plant height for seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Flami and 6 cm), the highest rate in the number of days from planting to maturity and leaf area and the number of seeds / tablet for seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Flami and 9 cm), the highest rate in the holds seeds for both seasonal agriculture and gave overlap (Coban and 6 cm), the highest rate in the number of days from planting to 50% Flowering and weight of 1000 seeds for both seasonal agriculture.


Article
Modify the wage in Construction Contract Study in Iraqi civil law
تعديل الأجر في عقد المقاولة دراسة في القانون المدني العراقي

المؤلفون: وسيم جبار إبراهيم الشمري
الصفحات: 246-256
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الخلاصة

Construction Contract acquires its importance from being the most important and contracts that are set to work, and often in association with construction work and construction, as exemplified by these acts of great importance from the economic side and legal at the same time, and The in the wage contract is the objective basis on which Contractor push to accept the contract and take risks which may result from the implementation contract , this is the part of either of the other side represents the wage obligation on the employer, and the interest of the legislature to achieve a balance between the parties to the contract allocated to wage some of the legal rules that ensured Search the subject of wage and prevent the same time to modify wage only based on the legal text allows this amendment and according to certain conditions and specific law shall not be to this modification, but availability are all as the amendment is only an exception to the rule that does not allow modification wage, where permitted by law to resort to modify wage in the case of overstepping grave of the assay if it set a wage according upon whether or select and wage in total was subject to change as a result of mis-employer, or the contract is subject to the application of the theory of emergency circumstances, and finally authorized the modified fare architect and in special cases as well.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The role of Potassium in Lowering water stress on the growth and yield of Wheat
دور البوتاسيوم في التقليل من الاثار السلبية للجهد المائي على نمو وحاصل الحنطة

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الخلاصة

Field experiment was carried out at Almusaib project in Babylon Government,In sandy loam soil which is classifiedas verttie Torvifluvent.The RCBD in split plot was used.The study involes the following first.Three level of water stress normal when decrease25% from field capacity medium and high stress when decrease40 % and160 % from field capacity respectively . And the second factor three level from potassium element was added as potassium sulfate40 , 160 , and 320 kg . h-1,to study the effect of Potassium on the different part and yield of wheat plant . The results showed that there was a decrease in dry matter of the blade leaf ,sheath, stem weight, roots weight, dry spike and the total dry matter with increase water stress mean while there was an increase of all studied traits in the high potassium fertilization treatment at normal water stress(control).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Characterization of antibacterial agent produced by Streptomyces spp. isolated from soil samples
توصيف العامل المضاد للبكتريا المنتج بواسطة الستربتومايسس المعزولة من عينات تربة

المؤلفون: Samer M. Al-Hulu
الصفحات: 253-260
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الخلاصة

Thirty soil samples were collected from Hilla City. Twelve actinomycetes spp. were isolated. Five isolates of Streptomyces spp. were detected according to morphological and biochemical testes. Antibacterial activity of these isolates were tested against S.aureus .Streptomyces spp.4 was most active against S.aureus. Streptomyces spp.4 was selected for isolation of antibacterial agent. Antibacterial agent was active against S.aureus and E.coli with inhibition zone(22,14)mm subsequently. Characterization of antibacterial agent was studied. Antibacterial agent was brown in color and having melting point equals to 110 OC. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) for antibacterial agent showed single spot for agent had RF equals to 0.88. Spectroscopic analysis were made. UV spectrum for antibacterial agent showed that single peak with maximum absorption( λ max) at 289 nm. IR (KBr) (v-, cm-1) spectrum for agent had a peak about 3400 cm-1 which indicate presence of OH group absorption, and a peak appearing at 1635 cm-1 that indicated the presence Carbonyl group(C=O). The peak at 1410 and 1450 indicates to presence of CH3 group. Anther peak at 1076 indicated to presence of carbonyl (C=O) fuction of aster or an amide group. Proton magnetic resonance spectrum (NMR) of antibacterial agent indicated to presence a sharp singlet at δ4 may attributed to OH group. Another singlet at δ1.2 indicated to presence of peripheral CH3 group. Also Singlet at δ2.4 may be assigned to presence of CH2 group surrounded by carbonyl bond (C=O).

الكلمات الدلالية

Streptomyces spp. antibacterial agent --- Characterization


Article
Activity of clove plant extract on histopathological changes of testes tissue in adult white rats.
فعالية المستخلص الكحولي لنبات القرنفل على التغيرات النسجية المرضية لنسيج الخصى في ذكور الجرذان البيض

المؤلفون: رضية نجم عبد
الصفحات: 255-262
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الخلاصة

this search aimed to study the pathological changes that happen in testicular tissue of white rats males by toxic action of mitomycin-c drug and inhibited that effect by using of methanolic water extract of clove. The adult male of white rats treated by dose 2 mg/kg from body weight of drug MMC for one week period to detect the effect of drug on the testis tissue, while the other groups of the rats had been gavaged with drug MMC in same dose interference with plant extract in concentration about 500 mg/kg from body weight for different period of time, one week, two weeks, three weeks, four weeks and five weeks to know the accumulative effects of clove extract and drug action on the testis tissue. The result of the oral gavage for one week of the drug had been showed, appear intercellular spaces between seminiferous tubules and lead to degeneration in spermatogenesis, disappear the sperms in tubule cavity, congestion and absence most of leydig cells compared with negative control , that improve the drug has toxic effect on testis tissue , it lead to pathological changes in that tissue. While the results of interference treatment of the drug and plant extract for five weeks was possessed a good improvement without any pathological tissue changing and testis tissue return to normal position compared with positive control .This result improve clove extract has antioxidant activity

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Husseini Poetry between Arabic and Persian Origin & Evolution - Comparative Study
الشعر الحسيني بين العربية والفارسية النشأة والتطور دراسة مقارنة

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الخلاصة

After that I saw that the academic research in the Imam Hussain (A.S) has fed, I thought what could be a new Levy need Arabic library and Iraq in particular, from here came the idea of working in literature Comparative as a means of knowledge exceeded in this day old concept to him (based on the study of the impact and vulnerability) without Anaaha or Agheiha. Because the comparison between the phenomena of literary ethics belong to different nationalities are compared with feasibility, and you cannot prove conclusively the existence of historical links and the impact affected as they were imposed by the French school. Has made the researcher what he could of the effort, especially since the motivation for this is attached Find Brihana Messenger Allah (S) has been shown that Imam Hussain (A.S) has exceeded the limits of time and space to praise his mausoleum in the hearts of thinkers and writers, but the general public in spite of differing languages and nationalities, came back Inhlon him and means of expression. For dignity and freedom, came on two search continued for the historic track hair since his appearance at the nation-even in 1950 and ended with a conclusion.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of adding Arabic gum in different ratios on some probiotics fermented milk and studying the inhibitory ability against some pathogenic bacteria
تأثير إضافة نسب مختلفة من الصمغ العربي في بعض المتخمرات اللبنيه المعززه حيويا ودراسة قابليته التثبيطية حيال بعض انواع البكتريا المرضية

المؤلفون: Shatha A.Mohamed R. --- Amer Abedalrahman --- Rukiabaa A. Chechan
الصفحات: 261-269
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الخلاصة

This paper studies the usability of Arabic gum as prebiotic when adding it at two levels of 0.5, 1.0% to some fermented milk products and using two types of therapeutic bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum (LBP) and Lactobacillus acidophillus (LBA). It has been Observed that the logarithm of the number of bacteria LBP were higher than the logarithm numbers of bacteria LBA( cfu / ml)) at the treatment of 0.5, 1.0% Arabic gum, as it amounted at a concentration of 1.0% Arabic gum for bacteria LPB, LBA (9.86, 9.79) respectively which were compared to control( bacteria LPB, LBA only ) (9.73, 9.57), respectively. There has been a decrease in numbers of therapeutic bacterial products manufactured at the study of the effect of storage period, which lasted for a month , it decreased by quarters of the session to bacteria LPB, while LBA fell by a full cycle of the bacterium logarithm. the inhibitory ability of Arabic gum of 0.5, 1.0% concentration against the four types of bacteria test Staphylococcus aureus , Bacillus subtilis , shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhimureum the highest inhibitory ability for Arabic gum towards Staphylococcus aureus has been 24 mm .The manufactured products have been sensory Evaluated at three storage periods .It got treatment A2 (1.0% Arabic gum + bacteria LPB or LBA) in a period of zero time on high scores of sensory evaluation in terms of the qualities of flavor , Conception and textures, acidity and numbers of bacteria as it was (40, 34.5, 9.5, 9.0), respectively, for bacteria LPB, While amounted to (39.5, 34.5, 7.5, 9.0) for the treatment of bacterial LBA compared to control (A) .The storage period has not affect the sensory qualities of manufactured products, as the results were comparable to the results of sensory evaluation at the beginning of the manufacturing period (zero time).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synergistic effect of spraying potassium and kinetin on growth and some nutrient elements content of lentil (Lens culinaris Medic.)
التأثير ألتآزري للرش بالبوتاسيوم و الكاينتين في النمو ومحتوى بعض العناصر الغذائية لنبات العدس(.(Lens culinaris Medic

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الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted in greenhouse of Biology Department, Education College for pure sciences/Ibn Al-Haithium, Baghdad University, to study the effect of spraying with three concentrations of potassium(200, 400 and 600)mg.L-1, two concentrations of kinet-in(75and150)mg.L-1 and their interaction, meanwhile-the control transplants sprayed with dis-tilled water with two sprayings times on some morphological characteristics(plant height, num-ber of branches and dry matter percentage) and some nutrient elements content(N, P, K, Ca and Mg) of lentil shoot (Lens culinaris Medic.). The experiment was conducted as a factorial experiment. Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.) was used with three replicates. Lest Significant Difference(L.S.D.) was used at proba-bility of 0.05 to compare between means. Results showed that: 1-Spraying plant with potassium at concentration 600mg.L-1 increased significantly some studied characteristics which gave the highest mean of plant height, number of branches and N, K and Ca contents, but concentration 400mg.L-1 gave the highest mean of dry matter percentage, P and Mg contents, compared with the lowest values which produced from the plants of control treatment. 2-Spraying plant with kinetin at concentration 150mg.L-1 increased significantly all studied characteristics. 3-The interaction between two factors studied was significant and treatment (400mgK.L-1 +150mgKin.L-1) was superior to all treatments in all characteristics except the number of branches.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Investigation the role of fetal calf serum on the viability of gonad cells cultured in vitro for fresh water snail bellamya bengalensis
التحري عن دور مصل جنين العجل على حيويه الخلايا التكاثريه المزروعه لقوقع المياه العذبه بللاميا بنكالينسس خارج الجسم الحي

المؤلفون: Ali Abdul-Hussain Ghazzay
الصفحات: 270-274
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الخلاصة

The present study conducted to investigate the role of fetal calf serum (FCS) on the viability in vitro cultured gonads cells of fresh water snail bellamya bengalensis and determine the optimal concentration of (FCS) for gonads cell cultured in vitro. the fresh water snails bellamya bengalensis were collected from Shamyiah river-Dewanyah province, the snail were dissection out to obtain the gonad cells ,which cultured in (M199 medium) medium supplemented with different concentration of fetal calf serum (10%,20%),the gonad cells were cultured in (M199 medium) supplemented with (FCS) revealed higher viability rate compare with basal medium(non-supplemented with FCS) and control ,while the medium supplemented with (20% FCS) had more positive effect on the viability on the viability of gonad cells than the medium supplemented with(10% FCS). FCS had positive effect to maintain the viability of gonad cells for bellamya bengalensis in vitro cultured .

الكلمات الدلالية

FCS --- M199 medium


Article
Effect of irrigation water quality and diffrent concentration levels of gibberellic acid in the Activity of SOD and Content of elemant NPK on bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
تأثير نوعية مياه الري وتراكيز مختلفة من الجبرلين المضاف في فعالية إنزيم ال SOD ومحتوى عناصر NPK لنبات حنطة الخبز Triticum aestivum L .

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الخلاصة

Aplastic pot experiment was carried out in privte field at Albargah district 30 km North east of Kerbala city longitude 44.14 degrees latitude and 32.41 degrees, during the winter season 2013 - 2014 Wheat plant (Triticum aestivum L.) were grown. A factorial experiment within completely Randomized design (C.R.D) with three replications was adopted . The first factor represents the three types of water is well , drainge and river water while the second factor represents the four concentrations of Gibberrellic acid is 0, 75, 150 and 225 ppm, giving 36 experimental units. activety of SOD and NPK concentration in the straw and grain. Results revealed that irrigation water types had significant effect on all studied Characteristics, River water treatment gave the highest values for most studied parameters, well weter gave highest values of leaves except (the concentration the SOD activety, the concentration of nitrogen in the grain, the protein in the grain), which was the lowest rate using the river water and well water using the above. The levels of Gibberellin significantly affected in all studied parameters except the concentration of nitrogen and potasum in the straw The third level of 150 ppm gave higher values of all studied parameters

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Semiotic Analysis of the Narrative Structure in Sinan Antones oh,mary
التحليل السيميائي للبنية السردية في رواية (( يامريم )) لـ سنان أنطون

المؤلفون: كريمة نوماس محمد المدني
الصفحات: 276-284
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الخلاصة

The novel (Mary) of accomplished novelist Iraqi who occupied a leading position in the arena of literature Arab novelist who was nominated for the award Arab poker in 2013, is one of the latest works of the famous writer novelist Sinan Antoon () for being the latest novel in the product of the author, and the importance of the subject, which dealt with , and accuracy and sensitivity, novel lists events experienced by Iraq after 2003 and their effects remain a carefully monitor the depth of the suffering of the Iraqi people in all Okulaiath and walks of life and injury as a result of wars and killings, displacement and displacement, and reflect the suffering of the Christian community in particular. The study chose to approach Simiaúaa in critical reading of the structures of narrative in the novel to the possibility of this approach is to read the themes and narrative structures that form through the narrative fabric of the novel from its title; The study map Vtmthelt entrance explained ((concept of semiotics narrative)), and was followed by three axes indicated units semiotics of signs and signals indicate the events of the novel, namely: the units of semiotics function on grief and pain and suffering, and units of semiotics function on conflict and political dialogue, and units of semiotics function to recover the past and recidivism; and seal Find the most important results Abizaid glossary of books and studies approved in the search.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Water Extract of Artemisia herba alba Plant on Some Physiological Blood Parameters of Albino rat Males to induce Diabetis
تاثير المستخلص المائي لنبات الشيح في بعض معايير الدم الوظيفية لذكور الجرذ الابيض المستحدث به داء السكري

المؤلفون: أ‌. حسين علي عبد اللطيف --- دعاء علي حمد
الصفحات: 282-291
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الخلاصة

Seventy five Albino rat Males were randomly divided into five groups (15 animals per group) the first group G1 as control group and it was dosaged daily with a solution of Physiology normal saline for two months and promised to set control as negative, the second group G2 as induced diabetes by injected its by alloxan with 150 mg / kg of body weight under intraperitoneal and promised to set control as positive , while the third , fourth and fifh groups have been induced diabetes before the dosage by ingected with alloxan and dosage orally after month from induced diabetes with aqueous extract of Artemisia herba alba by 500 , 1000 and 1500 mg/kg of body weight per a day for a month , respectively .Blood samples were collected from all groups before induced diabetes, a month after induced diabetes , and after a month of dosing aqueous extract ofArtemisia herba alba for the study of the following parameters : level measurement Blood Hemoglobin (Hb), measure the number of Red blood corpscules count (R.B.C), measuring the total number of White blood cells count (W.B.C) ,and Packed Cell Volume(%PCV) the results showed : The induced diabetes led to a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the level of Hb, and the number of R.B.C, andPacked Cell Volume(%PCV) with hihg significant (P<0.05) in the number of W.B.C compared to the control group , And get high moral (P<0.05) in the level of Hb and in the number of R.B.C, with hihg non significant (P>0.05) in %PCV and a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the number of W.B.C groups in treatment with aqueous extract of Artemisia herba alba , compared to the infected control group .

الكلمات الدلالية

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: