Table of content

al-academy

مجلة الاكاديمي

ISSN: 25232029 18195229
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Fine Arts
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

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jornal of the college of fine Arts University of baghdad

web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

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email : al.academy@cofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq
phone number: 009647703467114
web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2014 volume: issue:69

Article
The art of carving human faces (Portrait)
فن نحت الوجوه البشرية (البورتريت)

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Abstract

It has mixed views on the concept or the role (Portrait) carving human faces across historical periods. The counting and historical document recording profiles for individual, promised impression represents promised impression represents the importance and greatness of personal without attention logs features and individual features, and in all cases the (portrait) was working for celebrated personality, glorifying and out of respect for his role heroic or reputation or social status. But if we intend carving human faces one varieties of art in sculpture became necessary for us to proceed from the statement which affirms "The requirement of art to be liberated from their recovery forms as they are in the outside world" and here we begin to wonder which is the problem of our research: Is (Portrait) art or documentary record of the character ? And if so , is it a true portrayal of the human form, or is it a piece of art embodies the artist's creativity and his imagination of the form to be filmed? What are the differences between (Portrait), which is creation or art , and the craft one? These questions were motivated by my interest to search for the origin of the sort of the sculpture and trace its roots to learn how to embody the sculptor the people's faces through the ages of civilization, and find out whether this type of sculpture belongs to art and creativity, or not ?

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Article
Communicative competence in the art of forming postmodernism
الكفاءة التواصلية في فن تشكيل مابعد الحداثة

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Abstract

This study presents the concept of communicating as criticism analytical vision of art in general and contemporary composition particularly. Art is a means of communication for that activity to participate in the information or meanings, where the artwork is the message that includes what the artist sends ideas ,to the recipient . Thus, the language of communication between the artist and the receiver are made through the artwork (whatever his specialty: theatrically, plastic art, musically) and the magnitude of the meaning of outwardly or inwardly, is determined by the relationship between the artist and the recipient of which lead us turn to the issue of communication between them . . At that determined search through which we seek to monitor the communicative relationship between the artist and society by developments, and its relationship to the other from the other side in the post-modernism monitor . This art (the art of postmodernism) grew up with intellectual concepts group , Also associated the rapid changes that were the results of cultural interactions and mixing with the new technology in the second half of the twentieth century . Here comes the role of the artist, who must face this rapidly changing and overlapping change in his behavior towards his community and his artistic vision , Creatively new conditions disconnected with perceptions of idealism and metaphysics, and looking for legitimacy in a new reality advantage rapid development and multiplicity and overlap between the various areas of knowledge , To face the media and communication revolution, understand and critique what those witnessing contemporary societies of new phenomena have contributed to the creation of a radical change to the terms communication between artist and audience, and between the culture of another , Focusing on constituent bypass traditional forms to the world of culture and art, and invent a new style of art (in its mechanisms, and organized synthetic) in order to achieve his communicative mutual, In the context of these changes, start the research problem, raised by the question limited to: the way in which artist creates perceptions to create a renewable form of art, holds property communication among others, in a changing society and open-minded . As the importance of research in communication, do not come from being a Building for a society based on knowledge and communication, but also to support and attributed art in general (and postmodern art, in particular) critical thinking and systematic scientific and renewable values. To be the goal of this study is: finding efficiency communicative in art in general, the art of composition in particular, the detection of an artist's ability to transform the artwork of the structure of static to another open and open to the community, bringing elements of creativity and innovation and cash through communication. And will be studied through three sections: the first deals with incorporation philosophical continue, and the second section looks at the efficiency communicative in art, through three axes first (mind communicative), II (World Living) and third (levels of interaction between the receiver and the artwork), either the third sectioncontains a communicative activity and interactive context in postmodern art

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Article
Intellectual content in works of art Fine realism paintings Iranian artist Ayman al-Maliki
المضامين الفكرية في الاعمال الفنية التشكيلية الواقعية لوحات الفنان الايراني أيمن المالكي

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Abstract

The study tagged ( the intellectual implications of the realistic Fine works of art) is a scientific effort to detect modest intellectual and artistic dimensions of the artwork realistic plastic , through some selected artistic productions of the painted work of art of the Iranian artist Ayman al - Maliki , with the result that the researcher collects materials to serve the scientific research topic which comes in three chapters. First chapter included the general framework of the research (the promise of the research problem and its significance, objectives and limits and some of the terms contained therein). Second chapter of this research was specified to the theoretical framework which included some of the topics that are directly related to the subject of the search, Has dealt a researcher at the first axis thereof subject (content in the artwork) as a component intellectually and psychologically important is established from which the general meaning of the product of technical plastic, Second axis has included the subject (reference the intellectual work of art), in terms of the mental images printed our the advantage of being able to be reflected on each other to ride new and different ideas through the process of thinking, including the operations are of intellectual perception within the human imagination, on the grounds that the imagination is expressed passes through it who wants to explain the creative process, through the third axis the researcher explained the concept of realism in art , which constitutes the basic building block for the main title search , with all the intake of the concepts and uses realistic because from the very beginning was the driving force in the evolution of art, through the fourth axis researcher (stylistic Artist Ayman al-Maliki ) with a brief autobiography . Chapter three contained the research procedures, including the contents of the (community of search and selection of samples and search tool, tool building and sincerity, and then analyze the samples). Finally, specifically in the (fourth quarter) of this research has been reached to search results through the analysis of the samples and in the light of what has been determined goals. The most important of which was: - Were not in the use of classical realism in fine art paintings aesthetic purposes, but there are ideological purposes (graphical) were sentimental or self- belonging to the terms of reference of the artist himself. - The realistic approach in the implementation of works of art is the closest (Aware) for the recipient because it contributes effectively to build bridges of communication between him and the intellectual artist. - it is often realized aesthetic goals of the work of art through the ease of understanding of intellectual contents receiver expressive away from the complexities of the amounts by some modern and contemporary artists. - If the use of artistic touches technically to Fine art painting (realism) Added aesthetic values that will elevate it to the level of creativity. - The method of photography in painting (realistic) is a concept that addresses optical image to molecules provided by the expressive value of art and aesthetic. Which is not quoting a reproduction of an abstract image for mere beauty, but beauty is meaningless

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Article
The impact of heritage in the American Ceramic Sculpture Potter Paula Rice
أثر الموروث في النحت الخزفي للخزافة الأمريكية باولا رايس

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Abstract

The current study entitled (the influence of heritage in the ceramic sculpture of the America Potter Paula Rice) The study is based on four chapters: Chapter I included structural find of clarification of the research problem and its importance, also included a mention of the research limits and the aim of this study, which is: -Identify sculptures Ceramic affected ranges for Potter Paula Rice civilization heritage of intellectual and artistic, whether global or local. -Trying to detect and intellectual influences the formalism of inherited and which resulted in the latest version of the unfinished ceramic artist. -Did the artist callback method to the values inherent succeeded in the embodiment of the meaning of originality according to the wording of the creative and compatible and contemporary taste. : Chapter II combine theoretical framework in three axes The first axis: heritage The second axis: contemporary ceramic composition The third axis: the terms of reference of the American Ceramic This chapter also included mentions the most important indicators that resulted in her detective theory. Chapter III included search procedures and the method used in the descriptive analysis according to the axes learned analytical researcher. Chapter IV was to clarify the results learned by the researcher of the study samples and analysis results have been on the whole appear affected in the cultural historical legacy, the environment and the ideas contemporary philosophical and the modern art movements in addition of personal representation of individual self, which verify the concept of originality in art and then accommodate inherited values and put a new format made the concept of individual artistic identity for the Potter Paula Rice

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Article
Mechanisms of the creative act in Graphic Design
آليات الفعل الابداعي في التصميم الطباعي

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Abstract

In the midst of conflicts different intellectual and knowledge of production processes and circulation we need constant search for different levels of Innovation replenished with renewed need to develop solutions to various problems. Amid this conflict comes to mind a question about what salt creative mechanisms act in Graphic Design? Through this research is marked (creative mechanisms act in Graphic Design) strive to find solutions to this question, as well as cognitive it Sarphi side modern and developmental study to a broader understanding of the subject. And across four seasons, which included the first chapter of the research problem and the need for him, and then came the second chapter includes theoretical framework goal Bembgesan, came First research titled (creativity in art and theories creative) and the second section (thinking and mechanism of action creative in Graphic Design) and then right indicators represent Summary scientific literature Article theoretical, in the third quarter set the research methodology and Tgosailadtha technical, and the right process analysis to design commercials printed magazines foreign available in the local market and adopted researcher indicators theoretical framework as the research sample was selected in the manner of others Probability intentionality by the nature of research has been on the basis of analysis sample models. fourth chapter and which contained the results of research and discussion, from these results: 1 - The idea indirect characterized creativity as a result of the formulation of the new formalism as it led to the excitement, excellence and attractions, as well as to raise the intellectual implications. 2 - The employment picture processing technicians to achieve formal Allamolov the advertised product led to the realization of the idea of creative and play Atsalaa by delivering advertising idea in an interesting and strange. 3 - has been the application of environmental metaphors and formal and synthesized with elements used in advertising design to achieve artistic creativity. Then I pointed out the recommendations and proposals and a list of the sources cited by the research

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Article
Evaluate vocabulary curriculum material foundations of the design from the perspective of teachers
تقويم مفردات منهج مادة أسس التصميم من وجهة نظر مدرسيها

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Abstract

The curriculum is a tool of the basic tools that seek through which educational institutions to achieve the objectives of any educational policy, and therefore must be a practical application of curriculum objectives of this policy. If, however, described the separate curricula for educational policy, that would be evidence of planning that leads to failure in achieving the great goals of society. The curriculum does not include the subject of education only, but goes to all the educational experiences that achieve the desired behavioral goals. When goal-setting study for any of the articles should study the use of the overall goals of the article. And therefore must serve the general goals of academic material and objectives in one direction and be consistent with each other and thus working teachers all agreed that their students achieve those goals, the Article (The educators said that all the curriculum should have clear targets and specific, whether the curriculum syllabus or unit) (1). The Teacher basics of the design as a atrainer for the student by the knowledge of all aspects of the teaching of art, because the article did not based on the teaching of this article only. But is active in other materials and to other aspects of the subjects in the scientific section. If the teacher is therefore necessary material foundations of design, it applies to many teachers because it has special meaning for the teacher of art and design as the teacher to understand that assisted teachers in cooperation with other scientific articles in the section all and strengthens the Relation between him and them to benefit from the expertise and experience. Therefore, the current research is trying to take a closer look on the basis of vocabulary curriculum material design. The first chapter was the definition of the importance of research and the need for it and the research problem after putting the following objectives. 1. Identified on the vocabulary of the curriculum of the material in terms of the basics of the design (objectives, content). 2. Diagnosis of the positive and negative aspects of the curriculum of the basics of the design rule of the Institute. 3. Determine the basic criteria (proposals and solutions) to develop the curriculum of the basics of the design rule of the Institute of Applied Arts, part of the technical education. The boundaries of current research are limited to. 1. Reduction objective: limited to items of the curriculum of the basics of the design rule of the Institute of Applied Arts, part of the technical education. 2. Reduce spatial: Departments of the Institute of Applied Arts (Interior Design, design and architectural adornment, design layout, design and tailoring) of the Technical Education Commission - Baghdad. 3. Temporal limitation: Vocabulary assessments and that continues to work out for the academic year (from 2009 to 2010). The second chapter contains the search procedures through the presentation of the research methodology and procedures. And choose the research community and has appointed it. And actions taken in the preparation of search tool in the collection of information. And then make sure the veracity of the search tool and stability. And several application tool has been applied appropriate statistical methods to get the best results. Chapter III contains the results of research and the conclusions and recommend. dations, proposals and Arabic and foreign sources as well as a summary in Arabic and a summary in English

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Article
Metaphor formal semantic advertising in the printed design
الاستعارة الشكلية الدلالية في تصميم الاعلان المطبوع

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Abstract

The research problem lay in the existing of this direct relation between the increasing and the big variety of the goods and the producing companies which mean the increase of the competition and the directing techniques of the commercial advertisings, which become spread everywhere and in an age characterized with the great varieties in the tests and the stances which requires the designers to seek designing accomplishments that are characterized with creativeness , seriousness and unsallity through the designer depending in constructing his / her texts and his/ her visual items on reference forms metaphors to achieve his / her designing purposes. So the researcher through her primary flying study seek the identifying the manner of the form followed in the designing of printed commercial advertisements , and she evoke in the light of what came above, the following questions which some of which are: 1. Is there a suitability between that which is metaphor taking for and the goods? 2. Did the metaphor acquire aesthetic reference added to the designed work and the centers of attraction ? The study included fiove chapters, chapter one tackled the research problem, its importance, its goals, its limits and identifying its idioms, as for chapter two, it contain the theoretical frame and its divided into three inquiries the firsat tackled the concept of metaphor –sources types and its reference function, as for the second inquiry it tackled the concept of reference in designing and form reference in designing of commercial advertisements , while inquiry three tackled the sign reference in the commercial advertisement, and then followed in the indicators which come from the theoretical frame. Then the researcher tackled the research procedures in chapter three and in chapter four the samples were analyzed and discussed basing to the theoretical frame indicators, while chapter five came to include the results and the inferences reached by the researcher. The most important results : the designer ability in building the advertisement subject, its embodying, his / her awareing with the directing techniques frames "the technique of showing the idea" and his / her seeking the reference form metaphors, represent main variable in the building of modern advertisement in designing and in directing. The designer depended in her designing on the receiver awairing and his / her awairing to the reference mark mentally –illusion in a way that the written texts may vanish except the titles

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Article
Clarity and readability of the texts written in designs commercials
الوضوح والمقروئية للنصوص الكتابية في تصاميم الاعلانات التجارية

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Abstract

The concept of clarity and readability of the written texts is an important goal in order to convey the communication idea to the receiver easily; the written texts have special significance because it is the most effective way to fulfill this idea as well as to achieve the aesthetic dimension of the written material, and clarity in the written texts is a prerequisite for reading, and readability is the speed of the optical reading of the written form, as the letters design plays a key role in facilitating the readability of the texts, and thus, it is necessitated to take care of these texts and studied them thoroughly in terms of shape for easy to read, and thus to understand the implications of the texts. For that reason, the researchers have identified the problem of their research the following question?: Are the clarity and readability fulfilled in the commercials designs The importance of the current research is shown in enriching the cognitive side of the clarity and readability for those who involved in the design field in commercials as well as opening scientific horizons towards the development of ideas presented in commercials designs. As for the objective of this research, it lies in the detection of the clarity and readability concept of the commercials designs. The research limits of the commercials included the physical and objective limits as well as the spatial limits of Arab commercial ads and time limits in 2009, and that what was included in the first chapter. The second chapter covers the theoretical scope which included (the concept of clarity, readability and the spatial organizing variables of the written texts and formal elements in the commercials). The third chapter is devoted to the research procedure, where the researchers followed the descriptive content as a method to analyze the content for the purpose of monitoring the phenomena. The unit of analysis is identified for the reason that it bears an integrated communication idea in which ideas can be elicited through the analysis and thus 24 units were formed as samples of the research community in which (3) samples have been selected using the non-probabilistic intentionality manner of the total community. The researchers have reached in the fourth chapter to scientific findings and conclusions in which objectives set were achieved. These results include the following 1.The reading clarity in terms of implementation, use, alignment, spacing, and choosing of letters were not suitable due to the decrease in font size compared to the size of the advertisement in the advertising texts as in the sample (1) 2.The written texts are a design necessity because it is complementary to the images to interpret and explain them because the advertisement needs precision to be interpreted and to show its design idea content, as in the sample (1), (3) 3.The written texts are an influential factor in achieving clarity and readability and the ability to absorb the formal employment as in the sample (2) 4.Spacing between lines and char acters in the written texts were not carefully considered which leads to lack of readability and clarity as in the samples (1), (3)

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Article
Visual aesthetic discourse and audio system in the theater
الخطاب البصري الجمالي والمنظومة السمعية في العرض المسرحي

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Abstract

Technologies of the theatre show elements get great transferring concerning the creative embodiment of its aesthetic elements including its raws, forms, parts and masses in an attempt to achieve the prin cipal expressive progress to embody the main theme of the idea and the intended subject . This is within the criterion of supporting the way to deal with technologies (décor elements , lighting music tones vocal affects , fashion and makeup) that achieving the emagintional appropriate atmosbheres which the writer and the director of the theatre show aim to make it present and succeed by furming active participation tunches of the ability of the cinogra . phic – element dsigners in order to invlve the theatre space atmospheres in cluding its three dim – ensions of masses ,visual elements concering what the natural delusion process has an addi-tion to the place andtime and the sequence of the drama building during the dramatic moments which contribute in developing the visual and audio events and scenes . The physical elements such as (light , colour and shadows) with the empod – yment of the vocal spheres , musical tones , fas –hion clecoration and the aesthetic of makc – up process after the current electronic technical sustems peing available which provide all of success req-uinements of the thatre show creation by its magic .artist , and aesthetic hints and harmoneyed view . Following understanding and realizing the aes – thetic values touch with its styles and direectinons to creatthe sense memory of the viwers . Accordingly , the researche found the need to search in the atudy of the subject of (the effective optic address and the vocal sustem in the theatre show ) to be the more flexible , wish and strong altern – ativeof the technical elements of the realized physical – viewed servicer presides the little coast achievement and the easiest job towards the speed of achieving the theatre production to achieve the effective optic address and the sensitive harmony by applying the current princi – ples that enjoyend by aesthetic snd knowledge add- ress from which the literary text analysis and view criterion is transferred . Building on what aforementioned , the vesearcher sees that thene is a necessity to develop the req uinements of that address and its ngagement whith the vocal system acrocc an objective analyst study hence this subject never jiven the due importance in the field of the academic studies ercept some essays and some other studieo which did not deal with the optic address and the wayto dismantle it and what it was marked by . It is the address process which joins between the optic address and process . Actuallu it his gave the research an objective justifiicalion to study this subject in an attempt to rooting the technical know ledye and explain the aesthelie affects of that address, the difficultien of the vocal system con, tribution to raise its competent to realize the aesthetic elite and the technical enjoyment that are quirecl for the theatre show . The researcher cdued this research ( The Effestive LAS optic result , Address and the vocal system of the theatre show

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Article
Visual discourse in TV
الخطاب البصري في التلفزيون

Authors: Saleh alsahan صالح الصحن
Pages: 174-189
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Abstract

The visual discourse in film and television as a mediator expressive pregnant audio and visual elements and influential actor in the receiver's memory, according to the drift of multiple shapes and representations aimed at persuasion and influence, entertainment and Interestingness and knowledge. This speech will not pass on the receiver without the trouble of multiplicity of forms and techniques of the picture of supply and diversity of content derived from differing ideologies, concepts, ideas and perceptions may sometimes up to the intersection and conflicts as reflected in the form of screen and television theory. Which motivates us to see those qualities that make the speech and hearing impaired is visible on TV, which is a major tributary and influential in the Iraqi cultural discourse space in the modern era. Under the topic of criticism of Iraqi cultural discourse reflected the visual discourse as one of the tributaries of the cultural discourse frequently Thhidh holdings to the image of techniques and treatments kinetics guided by the values ​​and aesthetic perspective actors where the marks, drift in and approaches that make up the world of building a mediator visual image of the speech. From this we find that the TV station sham ongoing facing the receiver clock to check with continuity across the visual rhetoric. If we want to look and reflect and taste what is going on in this leg of the visible sources we have we pointed to the television cash being an assessment of displays of television material from where to build the picture and earned moot language television elements as well as the sense of the ideas and themes and concepts Mlfozh reinforce this construction helps the evaluation, and which can be referred to is the great technical development that has prevailed science communication multiplicity efficient production services for television and the emergence of several television channels, terrestrial and satellite, including revealing a large opening with the viewer, which increased from growing expertise by the viewing, sorting and discrimination to promote the television tasting abilities and that Natqdha floor or suitable for the delivery of television criticism language targeted receiver in general Incubator

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Article
Aesthetics experimentation in television short films
جماليات التجريب في الافلام التلفزيونية القصيرة

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Experimentation Multi effective and fertile grew human desire to discover new ways to express beauty in artwork .And dabble term experimentation in the performing arts and arts architecture, cinema and television in the test forms and interest in the visual effects and movements seek to establish and beauty and schools of thought in literature and art. This study aims to identify

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Article
Media Euripides between the text and presentation of contemporary theater
ميديا يوربيدس بين النص والعرض المسرحي المعاصر

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It is not available for us to go back in time and see plays old and it plays giants tragedy ancient Greek (Aeschylus, Sofokls, and yourbedes) through the eyes of a generation ago, and if we were able to go back to Ntegathm play it is certain that we will not taste or Nstassig for much of what we see from these offers will not afford the traditional religious rituals, which was accompanied also dance and music in the style of ancient Greek play was representing a large part of the theater see manifestations Can our eyes and ears we twentieth century audience to accept those appearances, and it was then? Inevitably it will look like a museum bycollection not only. So we find ourselves in the light of the foregoing forced When you do remove it that werenew and wewear dress contemporary without limit ourselves to re-display alone, taking into consideration a bridge between past and present to build this bridge by creating a unit harmony between the theatrical old as it was in its time and it must be in our time approaching taste Mtafrjna the contemporary The essence of this association can achieve the following: - The goal of the author. Any content and ideas that envisaged broadcast to the public. - Appropriate theater to the taste of the contemporary theater audience. Perhaps one of the a priori what humility him interested and scholars to bring theater to be on top of what operating theater director that hurt his excretory in the service of the text of theater and its audience, as it is not plays prototype is Square Stadium reviewing the talents of the director, has no right to change the meaning or philosophy matched or a sense of meaning, but what permitted him play and meaning. And according to this vision, the director d. Adel Karim provide a range plays heritage of ancient Greek without being sidetracked in his directorial contemporary purpose and philosophy of the play, but tried hard to maintain a secretary's speech Author drama, and documents the link between the text as it was (except for some of the measures which he found necessary to promote and achieve his experience) and between a bystander local taste. Introduced some of the plays poet, playwright Sofokls (Antekohna, Electra, Oedipus king) and some another was awarded to playwright Iorbidha who was representing the third side of the triangle tragic Greek (Aeschylus, Sofokls, and yourbedes) selected him play (Media) and highlighting them in his research that model of an applied for this type of plays Greek submitted by seeing getmeout contemporary and forward-looking to the reality of welcome and Piazza put more comprehensive issues of modern man, what carries this play (which represents a model of models of theatrical social) ability to openness towards one of the problems of our time so that the events and attitudes that passed out (Media - Women) Greek, is what can be faced by women in our current way or another, where the content of the play reveals the point of consider ethical yourbedes and position of the misery of the social status of Greek women in the ancient Greek era

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Article
Design module in light of cognitive theories of learning and their impact on the collection of students Department of Technical Education and motivation in learning the material aesthetics
تصميم وحدة نمطية في ضوء نظريات التعلم المعرفي وأثرها في تحصيل طلبة قسم التربية الفنية ودافعيتهم في تعلم مادة علم الجمال

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This research aims to: 1 – Make a proposed module for (aesthetics) for the second stage - Department of Art Education under education theories. 2 - Verification from the effect of the proposed module on student achievement and motivation towards learning aesthetics material. To verification the second goal we wording these two hypotheses: 1- There are no individual differences with statistically significant at level (0.05) between the student's scores average. (Experimental group ) who studied according to the proposed module and the average student's scores (control group) who studied in the usual way for the achievement test for the Aesthetics material. 2- There are no individual differences with statistically significant at level (0.05) between the student's scores average. (Experimental group) who studied according to the proposed module and the average student's scores (control group) who studied in the usual way for the motivation measurement for the Aesthetics material. This research is limited to the following determinants. 1 – The times temporal: first semester in the academic year 2011-2012 2 – The area temporal for second stage - Department of Art Education - college of Fine Arts in Baghdad 3-The objectivity temporal: The proposed module for Aesthetics according to under the education theories . The second chapter includes two units, the first units (oriented cognitive science), and the second unit handled (relationship aesthetic experiences stereotypes units), and we can notes these two units in chapter two . Third chapter show the search procedures of (module design, make the achievement test, and design experience of the unit). The fourth chapter discussed the most important result after application module proposed (Experimental group.) according to plan teaching And the researcher supported his opinion with the most important conclusions of the results, and the Researcher gives some recommendations in light of the results and the conclusions of research, at the end of the chapter researcher suggested some useful suggestion for Subsequent study

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