Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552 265X /25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2015 volume:1 issue:212

Article
الغربة والحنين في شعر علاء الدين المعاضيدي (مرايا عيون بلقيس وغيمة من رماد إنموذجا)

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Abstract

الملخص إِن الغربة هي انعكاس لأزمة حضارية ،وإن اغتراب الشاعر في أي بلد ليس سوى صدى لتلك الأزمة الحضارية،وهكذا يصبح مفهوم الغربة شاملاً يتناول جوانب الحياة في ظل مرحلة تتسم بعدم التوازن الاجتماعي. ولقد كتبت العديد من الدراسات والمقالات في هذا الجانب ،إلا أن ظاهرة الغربة والحنين في شعر علاء الدين المعاضيدي لم يتطرق إليها الدارسون بوصفها ظاهرة إبداعية تحتاج إلى دراسة وتحليل ،وموضوعا جديداً يلبي الإجابة عن الغربة والحنين في الفن وكيفيته . وتقف أهمية الدراسة في كونها محاولة متواضعة لدراسة ظاهرة الغربة في شعر علاء الدين المعاضيدي بأبعادها ، ومداراتها المختلفة وكونها تدرس الظاهرة في شعره، الذي تسلل الاغتراب والحنين إليه، فتوهجت جل قصائده بهما، ، فانصب اهتمام الدراسة على النص الشعري على نحو موضوعي وفني ، يحاول كل منهما أن يتمحور في ظلال تدل على المعنى العام في موضوعيته ،وتكشف عن أسرار هذا المصطلح في فنيته ،فهو إذن ما أن يتضاءل حتى يرتقي ويشتعل ضمن أطر انبعاث ووجود ،فهي دراسة تتمحور مع هذا المصطلح وتحاول أن تجليه. وتضمن البحث المحاور الآتية : -التمهيد -الشاعر في سطور -مظاهر الغربة والحنين في شعر علاء الدين المعاضيدي -الشعور بالوحدة والضياع. -الغربة والحنين من خلال حديث الموت -الغربة المكانية.

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Article
The expansion of the occurrence the source adverb In the Qur'an
التوسع في وقوع المصدر حالا في القرآن الكريم

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Abstract

Abstract The Expansion in the incidence of the infinitive as an adverb in the Koran After the investigation and audit, the researcher found that (expansion) in the language differs from narrowness, in other words, it means idiomatically in the Koran that one expression could have more than one meaning and these meanings are all intended. With the causes and reasons, the recantation of the expression to expression is likely more than one analytical facet, and more than one meaning, and these analytical facets and meanings are all intended, and this (expansion) to be in this research The research includes an introduction about the expansion linguistically and idiomatically and includes also four phases which have discussed four verses: the first verse is about the word (abathen عبثا); whereas it could have two analytical facets. The second verse is in the word (sa’ya (سعيا; which could have three analytical facets. The third verse is about the word (nahle نحلة); whereas four analytical facets could be there. The fourth verse is about the word (meta’a متاع); which could have five analytical facets. Finally, the results of this research have been discussed in the conclusion.

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Article
Occation in Iraq Imodernity poem From celebration text to text celebration
المناسبة في قصيدة الحداثة العراقية من نص الاحتفال الى الاحتفال بالنص

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Abstract

We can say that accession in modernity poem is a present state. The study proved this throughout the group of texts, it is not only an those poets who give life to these poem , because poetry in any time and place must have an occasion and the modern poem has a national or so must have an occasion .but it has a new poem that has the following

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Article
Interpretation of Ibn Maliks Alfia
آراء الفارسي النحوية في كتاب شرح ابن عقيل على الفية ابن مالك

Authors: م. م يسرى ناصر غازي
Pages: 151-172
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Abstract

The effort of Arabic languistics emerged in Arabic grammar Which is regarded as one of the most important field of langual sciences that became clear as Al Farisi the linguistic Who is recognized in apprihension and berliance as he enriched the language when he became the Imam of his time in the grammatical field He showed his point of views in this research as a person served Arabic and enriched it irrespectively through important book (expauation of Ibn Akeel interpretation of Ibn Maliks Alfia). He wasn't bias to certain doctrine, he regards that grammatical decision is confined on allowing or measuring and searching for outlets in order to reach this decision through his view, not this only, he authored useful books in Arabic grammar served Arabic speakers. I concluded some conclusions in this respect.

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Article
أبو بصير الأسدي (ت150هـ /767 م) وجهوده العلمية

Pages: 173-184
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Abstract

Abstract The books of biography did not pay attention to Abu Basser AL-Assadi any attention for his partisan to an opposing party (the Family of Prophet- Ahl Albait). This is as in attempt at knowing his name and lineage and the biography of the most remarkable of their sheikhs and pupils in addition to his travels and narrations in Al-hadith science. He is of the notables of the second century for hijrah eighth AC.

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Article
Al-JAWAHIRI IN A STATISTIC RESEARCH
الجواهري في دراسة كمية

Authors: أ.د. وريا عمر أمين
Pages: 185-210
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Abstract

Muhammad Mahdi Al-Jawahiri (1898 – 1997) was born in Najaf city of Iraq, to a family of poets and traditional learning. His father, his two brothers, and many other members of his family were poets. He is considered the greatest poet in the history of Arab literature, and said to be the last Neoclassic Arab.This paper is a statistical study of Al- Jawahiri’s poetry. It shows the number of lines of each poem, the meters on which he composed them, and their percentage. It is the first statistic research ever conducted about an Arab poet. The conclusions are shown in a table in the end.

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Article
المعنى المحوري وعلاقته بالاشتقاق كتاب التحقيق في كلمات القرآن الكريم أنموذجاً

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The Pivotal Meaning and Its Relationship with Derivation Al Tahqiq fe AlQuran Al-Kareem. A Sample (Scrutinizing Words in Glorious Quran: A Sample)

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Article
النسوية في أدب فضيلة الفاروق

Authors: د. سهاد ساعد صاحب
Pages: 241
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Abstract

Abstract: After the finishing of the research, we found the following results: - The writer has sought to search for what they were through the heroines were often open text voice of equality, and take the heroines of women's rejecting voices the marginalization and persecution and to advocate openness to the world, it owes a world governed by traditions and superstitions. Touched on topics of interest to women crossing of the suffering of Arab women that hurt of sexual oppression, spinsterhood, and the violence of the man, her novel represent a cry against feminist ideas of traditional and stereotypical suffered by mothers in the stillness and silence. Taken from the body axis of subjects and penetrated the depth of the social relations and psychological generated through it, but most of her novels are breaking taboos has boldly as high in the description of intimate relations. - The masculine power is considered as the strategic entrance to the persecution of feminist is the central authority and control over the oppressed in society and especially the Algerian society, especially as this was the authority is the authority of the Father. Did not denounce the authority of the Father, but long-pen authority of the husband and brother. Masculine authority is in the eyes of the writer is the authority racist dictatorship, they are calling for the lost harmony between the female and masculine power, they are rejecting the personality of the woman in Haramlik or charlady. Psychological tension which is necessary characters and suffering from spiritual unity in spite of the presence of the man, the husband. Then enter into a world of utopia to achieve what cannot be achieved on the ground. At the level of the language we note that it choose the language appropriate to the contents of that address Sometimes it tends to discipline and sometimes tend to slang, but it did not disturb the nerve, especially with male photographed moments of intimate relationships. The remaining accounts are defined writer Alana female and her daughters interior that speak for themselves and the ideologies of her body that is not the writer.

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Article
التعسف في استعمال حق الجار بين الشريعة والقانون

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Abstract

After my studies for this research shows us the bone right neighbor in Islamic law and Iraqi law and all human laws positivism and also shows us that the failure to right the neighbor a cause for division and misery and the demolition of building brotherhood between the familiar and the human and the system in use right of a neighbor goes disharmony between neighbors and be replaced by compassion and synergies walks of life, which reflects and watched on paper society and HH etiquette, and the reform of the Association of brothers neighbor folded by the courts many issues not the origin of it, but not to care right neighbor has pleased Almighty God to me in this research to completion, and we ask Him to accept us what we did and prayed to God to the Prophet Muhammad and to God and his family and him.

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Article
Authentic fame when fundamentalists and their applications jurisprudential
حجية الشهرة عند الأصوليين وتطبيقاتها الفقهية

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توصلنا في البحث الى النتائج الآتية :- 1 – أن الشهرة بحسب المفهوم اللغوي تنصرف الى الظهور والذيوع والوضوح . 2 – يصطلح على الشهرة على ما لا يبلغ درجة الاجماع من الأقوال في المسألة الفقهية . 3 – قسمت الشهرة على ثلاثة أقسام، الروائية والفتوائية والعملية والاستنادية ولا فرق بأقسامها بين أن تكون موردها نفس الأحكام أو ما يتعلق بها من موضوعاتها وما يتعلق بها لشمول الدليل للجميع . 4 – تظهر اهمية الشهرة من خلال تقوية بعض الروايات التي يمكن أن تكون ضعيفة من جهة السند؛ لتوفر خصوصيات الضعف المتقدمة منها، وأيضاً كون الشهرة جابرة لضعف السند وكاسرة لقوة السند . 5 – يتبنى الباحث موقف بعض الفقهاء القاضي بعدم حجية الشهرة سواء كانت فتوائية لكونها لا تفيد العلم فيكون العمل بها جهالة لا محالة، أو استنادية لكون في نفسها ليست بحجة عند الفريقين . ولذا اشتهر القول بينهم (( رب مشهور لا أصل له ))، إضافة الى ذلك اتفاق معظم الفقهاء على المنع من العمل بالشهرة العملية الاستنادية والتعويل عليها والرجوع إليها .

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Article
Algerian communist party and its View of the Algerian revolution
الحزب الشيوعي الجزائري وموقفه من الثورة الجزائرية

Pages: 383-404
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This historical explanation to the evolution of political movement of the Communist Party Algerian before and after the revolution was mainly an attempt to draw the concept of these political elite in Algeria. This explanation has been prominent this more than a feature singled out by this elite. An Algerian Communist Party was not only a branch of the French Communist Party ,and it was lost between positions reform, and is no longer a stand independent of the Algerian revolution, but most of the positions associated with analyzes of the French Communists and their interests and attitudes of their governments and the issue of the independence of Algeria and even till 1935 there was not a Communist Party Algerian is an independent entity, Algerians who fans thought the Communist Marxist and has been associated with the French Communist Party. The history of the Algerian Communist Party is a series of positions away from the premises issue nationalism and national struggle of the Algerian people as it is a series approach colonists depending on the sense of national pride, the French, and the currency to blur the reality of the liberation of the peoples of Algerian, his attitudes and actions proved by Communist Party Soviet example of communism that say something and do other things, in addition they claimed that the guideline principles and promoted but are Principles for export only.

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وظائف المعبد وطقوسه في اليمن قبل الإسلام

Pages: 461-489
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A New Aramaic Text from the seventh Century B.C.
نص آرامي جديد من القرن السابع قبل الميلاد

Pages: 491-504
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The study of this text came out to focus the position of the Aramaic language in the New-Assyrian era, and to enhance the preceded studies which proved the importance of the Aramaic language in the daily life of Mesopotamia. The text comprises eleven lines inscribed on a triangular clay lamp measured 5x4.4 x 2.9 cm. There were seven lines of inscription on the obverse and four lines on the reverse. On its corners there were connected holes from the inside. On the upper edge of the tablet there was a stamp seal. The tablet was found in Ashur in 1979. It represents a loan contract: the quantity of borrowed silver, the interest, pay back date, and the names of the witnesses, were mentioned.

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Article
The impact of strategies sentences chains and concepts maps in the collection of material of history at the fourth
اثر استراتيجيتي سلاسل الجُمَل وخرائط المفاهيم في تحصيل مادة التاريخ لدى طلاب الصف الرابع الادبي

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Abstract The goal of this research is to identify the impact of strategies sentences chains and maps concepts in the collection of material of history at the fourth-grade literary students, the researcher chose the sample of 113 students were selected Qsidia from junior high (Warka) affiliated to the Directorate-General for Education Karkh II / Baghdad for the academic year 2013 -2014 m, have been distributed in three equal groups by (39) students in the experimental group first started studying the strategy sentences chains, while the second experimental group were 36 students studying strategy concept maps, while the third group, a control group reached (38) students She studied in the usual way And coined the researcher (30) paragraph of multiple choice, and honesty is a good test specifications after the presentation to a group of experts and got (80%), and the stability of the rate of (80%), the researcher has to equal the three groups in a number of variables (chronological age measured in months, the academic achievement of the father and mother, intelligence) The researcher found the following results: 1-superiority of the first experimental group taught strategy sentences chains on the second experimental group taught strategy concept maps. 2. outweigh the first experimental group and the second experimental group taught Pastraticeti sentences chains maps concepts on the control group, who studied in the usual way

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Health Security and its impact in the power of state, comparative study in political geography between Iraq and its neighboring
الامن الصحي وأثره في قوة الدولة دراسة مقارنة في الجغرافية السياسية بين العراق ودول جواره

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The importance of this study of the urgent need to study the reality of the changing health of Iraq from the fact that the health services and work to secure the indicators come in the forefront of the national work of the state , because these services have a positive effect in the process of development and construction and social stability if properly directed , management and continued on scientific grounds healthy and proper planning , purpose of this study to the statement and assess the reality of the changing health in Iraq , compared with neighboring countries, geographical by eating many health indicators , which sees the researcher mirror a true reflection of the health situation in the country which is the rate of infant mortality , the proportion of those who are available to them pure water ratio children immunized inauguration capita calorie intake , the number of patients per bed , the number of beds in the hospital every 10 thousand people , the number of patients per doctor , and the proportion of spending on health of GDP . the study analyzed the impact of these indicators in the power of the state . has also sought the study also to stand up to the reality of the various health institutions of the Iraqi government , including eligibility and change that hit for the period 2005-2012 , and to achieve the overall objectives of the researcher has adopted the analytical method to get to the scientific results has adopted the relevant statistical methods . Data was collected on health indicators in the study area through what was issued by government institutions in Iraq or by the statistical program of the United Nations or some specialized studies , and after discussing the problem of the study objectives and hypotheses , the study found that Iraq had occupied the last rank compared with neighboring countries geographically, it happened on the weight ( 7.5 ) degrees versus Turkey, which received the highest weight of a (22) degrees , a big difference too , and this is due to the instability experienced by Iraq over three decades ago , and based on these results, the researcher recommends to pay attention to the health sector and reduce the size of the health gap by adopting a primary health care and expanding horizontally in the establishment of health centers and hospitals, and supplying them with modern equipment and competencies and providing material support her .

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الانماط الزراعية في محافظة ميسان باستخدام تقنيتي التحليل العاملي والعنقودي

Authors: م.د عباس هاشم
Pages: 557-582
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the studyWas area in the province of Maysan Bnuahaha twelve, which are shrouded from the south-east and north-eastern Iran and the north and northwest Wasit province and the southwest province of Dhi Qar, and from the south province of Basra , and represented the research problem the existence of differing spatial patterns farm in the province of Maysan is a large number of variables must detection of such variables and patterns of agricultural . goal was research is to find out the efficiency of factor analysis and cluster in the detection of Alnamat farm in the province of Maysan has been used in this research (27) variable in twelve hand in the province has been the use of cutting point one Vhsalna on eight patterns were then changed cutting point to (1.5) Vhsalna six patterns of agricultural is then change cutting point to two Vtm get five patterns of agricultural and it was possible to reduce the number of patterns increase the cut-off point but is disproportionate with the number of variables Madkhalhozar that pattern first which animal husbandry significantly associated variable size for the acquisition of agricultural and livestock either the second mode, a (pattern thick), the associated strong spaces occupied vegetables and palm either third pattern appeared to be strongly linked secondary crops and acreage leases and participate either fourth pattern (pattern of living) was linked spaces busy planting rice while the pattern was V (grazing pattern), it is strongly linked to the number of animals in various forms As for the geographical distribution patterns Vtm mapping by appropriate technical has been shown that the pattern first (soil animals) shows strongly in the ways of the west and the east and Uzair The second pattern (pattern thick) appears in ways slasher and the Center for Architecture and dun and shows the third mode (diverse) in my part auspicious and Alekhalaouama style quaternions (of living) appears strongly subdistricts of Justice and Kahla either style V (pattern grazing) appears in ways dun and Uzair and Castle Saleh has been giving a large number of proposals for the development of agricultural patterns and the development of agriculture is a year, including the use of agricultural biodiversity and the provision of feed and veterinary treatment of animals and choose quality of cattle by region and increase agricultural reclamation in the marsh areas and remote areas to alleviate the population density and unemployment as well as the expansion of industrial crops and vegetables to get economic integration and concern for the environment of residential roads and the provision of services and advances to enable the province to reduce the rates of immigration and poverty

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Article
The Alluvial fan of the plateau AL -Najaf, Karbala
جيومورفولوجية المروحة الفيضية لهضبة كربلاء-النجف

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Abstract: The area includes many of varying origin Landforms that belongs to many Geomorphic processes so were addressing a number of natural properties in the region, including geological formation and structure to the region and its impact in the areas geomorphology and discuss the role of climatic factors which its role and its impact not less than in terms of weathering and erosion and their impact on the evolution of landforms in the region for the Geological , and then addressing the groundwater in the region, the fact that this water source has a role in shaping the geomorphology of the region and one of sources of the main water resources in the region because the region contains no permanent runoff water sources, then divided the landforms units to major and another minor, also Vallies of area were morphometric analyzed and to know the most important geomorphological characteristics of those valleys.

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Article
Using Some Spatial Factors in Measuring Services Efficiency For Urban Centers in Saladin Governorate in 2013
استخدام بعض العوامل المكانية في قياس كفاءة الخدمات للمراكز الحضرية في محافظة صلاح الدين لعام2013

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The aim of the research is to know the relation between services efficiency and the size of the urban centers throw the spatial developments, and to what extend the size of these center suit with the population and the services presented inside these centers, according to the Zeaf roll ( Rank – Size). Then identify the hierarchical of these centers throw using Scologeam way to identify center's hierarchical, and Dependence some elements of urban services to determine these levels. And using some elements of the spatial development to evaluate the relation between size and population and services. The research show that there are (7) hierarchical levels for the urban centers in Saladin governorate. There also a big gap between the real population size and the urban centers ideal size. Seven centers out of (17) centers achieve real size more than the ideal size. The research also show that there are no correlation between some of the urban centers and the population and services, especially in the first five levels. In the first level (in Samarra city) Incompatibility is 100%, In the second level is 60%, in the third and fourth is 20%, and in the fifth is 40%. The sixth and seventh levels spatial compatibility is 100% between the size of the urban center and population and services.

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الفراغ والفضاء في التصميم الجرافيكي: إشكالية الإشكالية

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The concept of space has always been regarded as one of the key topics in graphic design. Graphic designers are confronted with white spaces in every image that they create. These blank spaces are perceived as nothing special, an absence, while some scholars tend to call it 'Emptiness', others think the term 'Space' should be used instead without recognizing the Emptiness, they are influenced by pure linguistic, philosophical or scientific definitions, this study attempts to exposure to these idiomatic mess by reviewing many foundational texts in graphic design literature and comparing them with each other as well as to analyze a number of design works for well-known designers.

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Article
المضمون في الرسم العراقي ماقبل الحرب وبعدها للفترة 1990 – 2012

Authors: الهام صبحي عبد
Pages: 713-732
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I witness centuries twentieth and atheisttwunty the course history many destabilized structure iragi society from the beginning iran-irag war through the period of siege imposed irag and –which has infectedcommunity in all its aspects politicol and social and economic which touched its aspects those negatine communityin general and the individual in particular even the technical aspects of the war ended with the last waged by states multinational irag on that score imprint apparent on art artist eyesijht in contents hes works artistic that illustratiom hers researcher in measures search .

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Article
Yusef Ben Tashfeen
يوسف بن تاشفين (400- 550 هـ)

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Yusef Ben Tashfewn is considered as one of the Muslim scholars who have renovated to Muslim nation its renaissance and regain its brilliance and power. He was a distinguished Islamic figure who collected all the features of goodness and virtue. Rarely do we find such a person with the fame he has inthe East. He fought the Crusades and unified Muslim. When Yusef ben Tashfeenmoved to the Maghreb (West) with his army the tribes paid allegiance to him. He made constructions in Maghreb and built houses and cared for mosques. He was a soldier and a leader in all the conquests. He fought Christians fiercely. The Battle of Zalaghawas the biggest victories over the Spanish. He outset all the Kings and unified Al-Andlus with Maghreb in one state.

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