جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 13 العدد: 1

Article
Alallahaat and prophecy and the Koran in the Ismaili Thought through the book Almajales and Almucyrat Book for Moroccan judge Numan (D. 363 AH / 974 AD)
الإللهيات والنبوة والقرآن في الفكر الإسماعيلي من خلال كتاب المجالس والمسايرات للقاضي النعمان المغربي ت363ﻫ/974م

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الخلاصة

Numan could be one of the most prominent men who served Ismailia call, and wrote about their beliefs and a response to a lot of suspicions. raised by many historians and scholars, Ismailia accused of atheism, and Explained judge Nu'man deviated from the the assets of Isamili doctrines , based on religious texts contained in the Koran and saying of the Prophet Muhammad (p) ( peace be upon him and his family ), and saying of the Imams, Imam ali to Imam Sadiq (peace be upon them ) , he explainthat the Ismaili faith, are pure Islamic doctrine, provide standardization, and believe in one God, the holy self Menzhh about the place and time, as well as qualities for fear of metaphor, , because Ismailis believe that god above descriptions As matter of faith prophecy judge Nu'man faith faith Ismailia prophets were confirmed, and the apostles are all from Adam (AS) to the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and his family ) The Koran Ismailia is believes to be the home of the divine revelation of God in the word of the prophet congealed, the elarification of everything, and it is timeless miracle

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Histological study of pars tuberalis of the pituitary gland of rats in Iraq
دراسة نسجية للفص الحدبي للغدة النخامية في الجرذان في العراق

المؤلفون: Hussein B. Mahmood
الصفحات: 1-4
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out on the ten pituitary glands of rats, under light microscope; ten samples were collected from animal house in (college Veterinary. Medicine of Kerbala University). This work involves histological studies. The histological results revealed that the pars tuberalis contained four types of cells, not similar to any other cell types of the pars distalis. This finding and the location of the pars tuberalis at the gate of pars distalis which control the blood circulation give to the pars tuberalis a special functional importance.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Improvement of rooting in cuttings of two varieties of Nerium oleander L.
تحسين استجابة تجذير عقل صنفين من الدفله

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الخلاصة

Research experiments were performed in the Lath and laboratories of Faculty of Science / University of Babylon, to improve rooting response of White and pink oleander . Eighteen treatments were used depending on the best positive results that have been obtained from previous studies.The percentage of rooted cuttings of white oleander (7.41%) and pink oleander (22.59%) . Results also indicated that absolute difficulty in rooting of white oleander in the absence of supplied IBA ( 0.00%) ,while a limited difficulty rooting in pink oleander (6.76% ) .However the highest percentage of rooting for the two varieties white and pink with combination ( IBA + O-coumaric acid) were 33.33% and 60.00% respectively. The bioassay of white and pink oleander exudates proved that , the exudate of white oleander contain inhibitors by reducing rooting response of mung bean to half ( 8.40 )roots compared to control (15.50) root . Whereas, the mung bean cuttings treatment with pink oleander exudate was developed( 16.80) roots which equal statistically to control .Moreover, to reduce or prevent inhibitors effects that present in cuttings exudate the later has been supplied with IBA within combination with exudate of pink and white oleander. The cuttings of mung bean that treated with (white oleander exudate + IBA) developed almost half the number of roots (37.50) compared to control with auxin alone (71.10) root,whereas with a combination (pink oleander exudate + IBA) developed( 58.50) roots which was somewhat equivalent to ( 82.2%) of the control.


Article
THE α̂g-KERNEL AND WEAKLY ULTRA α̂g-SEPARATION AXIOMS VIA α̂g-OPEN SETS
النواة لمجموعات α̂g و بديهية الفصل فوق الضعيف بين تلك المجموعات باستخدام مجموعات α̂g المفتوحة

المؤلفون: Basim Mohammed Melgat --- Dheargham Ali Abd Al-Sada --- Qays Hatem Imran
الصفحات: 5-11
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الخلاصة

The aim of this paper to introduce the concept of α̂g-kernel also we introduced the concept of the weakly ultra α̂g-separation of two sets in a topological space using α̂g-open sets. The α̂g-closure is defined in terms of this weakly ultra α̂g-separation. We also investigate some properties of weak separation axioms like α̂g-Ri-spaces, i = 0,1 and α̂g-Ti-spaces, i = 0,1,2.

الكلمات الدلالية

α̂g-open sets --- α̂g-kernel --- α̂g-closure --- weakly ultra α̂g-separation --- α̂g-Ri-spaces --- i= 0 --- 1 and α̂g-Ti-spaces --- i = 0 --- 1 --- 2.


Article
Effect of ethanol extract of leave Vinca rosea plant on some physiological parameter in males albino rat induct diabetes
تأثیر المستخلص الكحولي لأوراق نبات عين البزون على بعض معايير الدم الوظيفية لذكور الجرذ الأبيض المستحدث به داء السكري .

المؤلفون: ضحى قاسم عليوي --- حسین علي عبد اللطیف
الصفحات: 8-15
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الخلاصة

Seventy five white male rats were used in the present study , these animals randomly divided into five groups (15 rat for each) , first group G1 was recive physiological saline daily for two months , while animal of the second group G2 had induced diabetes mellitus by intraperitoneal injection of 150 mg/kg/Bw of alloxan and considered as control positive group . Animal of third group were subjected to same protocole used in G2 in addition to that they were treated with 150 mg/kg/Bw of ethanolic extract of Vinca rosea after month of induction of diabetes mellitus for 30 days. Animals of fourth G4 and fifth G5 groups were apllied to the same treatment that used in the animals of G3 except that the dose of Vinca rosea were 200 and 250 mg/kg/Bw respectivly. Blood samples were collected from all groups of experiment before the induction of diabetes , a month after the induction of diabetes , and after a month of dosing ethanol extract of Vinca rosea ,the study of parameters which included, measurement Blood Hemoglobin(Hb) , Red blood cells count (R.B.C) , White blood cells count (W.B.C.), and Packed cell volum (PCV),the results of present study showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) in Hb levels, R.B.C count and PCV level and significant increase (p<0.05) in W.B.C count in all diabetes group compared with intact control group . There a significant increase (p<0.05) in the Hb level, R.B.C count and PCV level, and significant decrease (p<0.05) in the W.B.C count in treatment with ethanol leaves Vinca rosea compared to the infected control group

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Biological Studies of some metal ions complexes with 1-Phenyl-3-pyridin-2-ylmethyl-thiourea
تحضير ، دراسة طيفية وبايولوجية لبعض المعقدات الفلزية مع 1- فنيل-3- بردين -2- يل مثيل- ثايويوريا

المؤلفون: Lekaa K. Abdul Karim --- Zainab A. Jaber --- Falih H. Musa
الصفحات: 12-21
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الخلاصة

حضر الليكاند (L) 1-فنيل-3- بردين -2- يل مثيل-ثايويوريا من تفاعل 2 - أمينو مثيل بردين مع فنيل ايزوثايوسيانيت وبنسبة 1:1 وشخص الليكاند بواسطة التحليل الدقيق للعناصر (C,H,N), الأشعة تحت الحمراء ، الأشعة فوق البنفسجية –المرئية وطيف الرنين النووي المغناطيسي كما حضرت وشخصت معقدات أملاح بعض ايونات العناصر الثنائية التكافؤ (Co,Ni,Cu,Cd and Hg). استخدمت تقنية الأشعة تحت الحمراء ، الأشعه فوق البنفسجية-المرئية , التوصيلية الكهربائية و الامتصاصية الذرية وأستنتج من التحاليل ان المعقدات لها شكل ثماني السطوح . كما تمت دراسة الفعالية البايولوجية لليكاند ومعقداته وقد اظهرت النتائج امتلاكها فعالية متفاوته اتجاه انواع البكتريا E.coli , Staphylococcus aureus .

الكلمات الدلالية

synthesis --- Spectroscopic --- complexes --- biological activity


Article
Military and political struggle against the Fatimid Umayyad and Byzantine through the book Almajales and Almucyrat Book for Moroccan judge Numan (D. 363 AH / 974 AD)
الصراع السياسي العسكري الفاطمي ضد الأمويين والبيزنطيين من خلال كتاب المجالس والمسايرات للقاضي النعمان المغربي ت363ﮬ / 974م

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الخلاصة

After decades of secret invitation which Fatimid state in Morocco first step towards call their goal, in the rule of the musliam world, as they are the rightful heirs to Islamic caliphate, the natural extension of the of prophecy, and thus faced a double challenge by the Umayyad ruling in Andalusia and the Byzantines, therefore umayyads were trying to keep the geographical depth in Islamic Maghreb, they entered the military and political conflict with the Fatimids ,whose have made a great effort to defend the Moroccan territory, using various means of military, political and media, so they had moved their maritime fleet to face the Umayyad fleet . The Fatimids faced another challenge represented by the Byzantines attempts to control of the Mediterranean Sea Islands, taking advantage of the preoccupation of the Fatimids in armed conflict with the Umayyads Byzantines in alliance with the Umayyad to unified their military action , however , the Fatimid caliph al muaaz was able to triumph over the Byzantines

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of planting dates, spraying of some stimuli and their interactions on leaf chlorophyll and mineral content of mung bean ( Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) plants
تأثير مواعيد الزراعة ورش بعض المحفزات والتداخل بينهما في محتوى الأوراق من الكلوروفيل والعناصر الغذائية لنبات الماش Vigna radiata L. Wilczek

المؤلفون: علي حسين جاسم --- نغم عبد الأمير محسن
الصفحات: 16-20
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in a field of Crops Department in Abu Gharaq / Hilla / Babylon province during the growing season 2013 to determine the impact of four sowing dates (5/15, 15/6, 15.7 and 8/15) and four spraying treatments (salicylic acid 0.5 and 1 mM, humic acid, high phosphorus fertilizer as well as control treatment ) on some physiological characteristics of mung bean plant. Randomized complete block design under split plot arrangement in triplicate was used . The plants were sprayed twice after 30 and 45 days from sowing time. The results were showed superiority of second date in leaf content of nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, and the superiority of the fourth sowing date in leaf potassium content . Spraying high phosphorus fertilizer was superior in increasing leaf phosphorus content. Spraying humus and High phosphorus fertilizer were superior compared to other treatments in the leaf content of chlorophyll, calcium, potassium and nitrogen. The interaction had a significant effect on the previous mentioned characteristics


Article
Effect of Carbamazepine drug on formation of decidual tissue in femal of Mus musculus
تأثير عقار الكاربامازبين على تكوين النسيج الساقطى فى أنثى الفئران البيضاء

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الخلاصة

Implantation of blastocyst is considered as a sensitive process in the life of growing embryo. Thus this critical period could be under threat from the harmful effect of many drugs ,among them is the carbamazepine which is used by many women for a treatment of epilepsy . The present experiment was designed to study the effect of this drug on the process of implantation; especially during the days 7 and 9 of pregnancy. For those purpose 169 pregnant albino mice, of 25 gm weight for each one, were used .The mice were divided into control group given orally normal saline, and treated group given orally carbamazepine with concentration of 15 mgkg. Samples from pregnant uteri containing the embryos were used. They were first fixed in Boun's solution and 5-8 um paraffin sections were cut to be stained with H and E and one step trichrome stains. The results from control group and treated group have demonstrated that there was no effect of the drug on the process of implantation and the formation of decidual tissue which accompanied the implantation. Both control group and treated groups were showing the same results. In addition to that the blood vessels were well developed at the site of implantation. All these results were signs of success of early period of pregnancy.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A Model for Removing Sediments from Open Channels
موديل لأزالة الرسوبيات من القنوات المفتوحه

المؤلفون: Hassan A. Omran --- Mohammed Y. Fattah --- Sadiq E. Sulaiman
الصفحات: 22-35
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الخلاصة

The problems caused by suspended sediment overloading in open channels are of great importance to the hydraulic engineers. One of the important problems caused by the sediment overloading during flood seasons is the change in bed level and corresponding water level of rivers due to its deposition on the river bed. At the upstream reaches, the bed slope is high, velocity is high and hence the rivers carry large amount of sediment during flood seasons. In this paper, eighty one experiments on the laboratory open-channel of cross-section dimensions (20*50) cm and (10) m long. The experiments include using sharp crested weir in the last third part of the channel. Three heights of weir are used; namely half width of channel (B), equal the width, and 1.5 times the width of channel . Also three bed slopes of the channel are used; namely 0.015, 0.0225, and 0.03). In all experiments, the values of discharge are limited between 100 and 300 l/min. The concentration of suspended sediment is measured upstream and downstream the weir through each experiment to calculate the sediment reduction ratio (SRR%) The results of the laboratory experiments showed that the sediment reduction ratio increases with the increase of weir height and reaches about (63%) at channel bed slope of (0.015) and weir height 1.5B (where B is the width of channel). When the discharge is more than (100 l/min), the highest values of sediment reduction ratio are obtained for the three slopes used and at weir height (1.5B).

الكلمات الدلالية

Open channel --- sediment reduction ration --- model --- removal


Article
BASHIR AL-SAADAWIS POSITION ON THE INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF INQUIRY(QUARTET) 20 October – 20 May 1947))
موقف بشير السعداوي من لجنة التحقيق الدولية(الرباعية) (20 تشرين الأول- 20 أيار 1947)

المؤلفون: حسين جبار شكر --- علياء إسماعيل مصطفى
الصفحات: 24-32
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الخلاصة

The Bashir al-Saadawi one known in Libyan history Libyan figures, as witnessed more than a stage of Libyan history, starting from the second Ottoman period (18351911), and ending with the parliamentary elections in 1952, also known Abjahadeh Italian occupier with arms and is inside Libya, and outside of a pen writing in Arabic newspapers , to expose the practices of Italy against the Libyan people, and completed by seeking to achieve the independence of Libya after his return to Libya after the Second World War (19391945), although the pursuit of Western countries otherwise. Hence the importance of the subject, because we are talking about Bashir al-Saadawi double task periods of Libyan history, and disclose large positions carried out. Search section into two parts, the first, in which we talked About Saadawi life from birth to death, and the second, for Saadawi position of the International Commission of Inquiry (Quartet).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A comparative Study of Estimation of Gill Surface Area of of the two types of Teleosts
دراسة مقارنة لحساب المساحة التنفسية لنوعين من الأسماك العظمية

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الخلاصة

The present study deals with estimation of gill surface area to gills of two species of Teleost , which belongs to two different family she Aspius vorax which belongs to family Cyprinidae and Liza abu which belongs to family Mugilidae , The collection study sampling from AL-Hindia River by use Gill nets and Cost nets , The appear study Results has differ clear in ranges values to the study length groups . They have small length groups small absolute gill area compare large length groups the have groups large absolute gill area the ranges values (26446.20 - 36625.80 mm2) in Aspius vorax fish , either Liza abu fish ranges values (1620.28 - 2397.80 mm2) , is was total length average of gill filament the effect on the increase values absolute gill area while don’t appear the two other factor (number of secondary lamellae and secondary lamellae area) the proved Aspius vorax fishes included in the Intermediate Fishes or Intermediate Swimming , either Liza abu fishes included in the Sluggish Fishes or Slow Swimming .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
( ( Turk tribes : their origins , their attributes , regimes have in the book animal natures of Mrozi On a trip son Vdilan_drash comparison) )
((قبائل الترك:أصولهم،صفاتهم،أنظمة الحكم لديهم في كتاب طبائع الحيوان للمروزي وفي رحلة ابن فضلان_دراسة مقارنة))

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الخلاصة

The subject of the study continued Turk topics worthwhile by specialists studying the history of the Orient and Transoxiana, as it was the Turks of the most important nations that inhabited the country beyond the river, and that was they have clear implications in all aspects, especially the political and military aspects, and the studies field historical own on the Levant lacks a lot of information about these tribes, was most historical information about Turk absent in the stomachs of the task and the rare sources also, which have driven many researchers to study the Turks and their writers and researchers Orientalists who have been tracking news Turks and their origin, add them attempts Arab writers and researchers who traced their impact study of the history of the Turks, an attempt to trace the history of their tribes and keep track of mothers names of the tribes, said the available of the old history, and characterized the tribes Turk is what prompted us to study the issue was the title of the study is ((Turk, their origins, their qualities, their own regimes in Book animal natures of Mrozi On a trip Ibn Fadlan Study compared.))

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Theoretical Study of Heat Transfer on Horizontal Cylinder Subjected to Force Longitudinal Vibration
"دراسة نظرية لانتقال الحرارة على اسطوانة أفقية معرضة لاهتزاز طولي قسري"

المؤلفون: Hadi Kadim Khadier
الصفحات: 36-48
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الخلاصة

In the present work ,steady two - dimensional laminar forced convection heat transfer with parallel flow on a horizontal tube has been analyzed numerically for a wide range of the Reynolds numbers of (Re.=.102, 103, 104, and 105) with Amplitude parameter (A) and vibrational angle in the range ( = and ). Two types of boundary conditions have been considered. The first, when the tube wall is heated with constant uniform temperatures, while the second when the wall is heated by applying a uniform heat flux. The results are presented in terms of isotherms and streamlines to show the behavior of the fluid flow and temperatures fields. In addition, some graphics are presented the relation between average Nusselt number and the various parameters. This research demonstrated that the rate of heat transfer is increased due to increase of amplitude and vibration angle as well as Reynolds number increase. The results also show that the average Nusselt number is a strong function of Reynolds number, vibrational angle amplitude parameter and the boundary conditions. Two different correlations have been made to show the dependence of the average Nusselt number on the Reynolds numbers, vibrational angle and amplitude parameter.


Article
Calculation of spectrum characteristics for molecular (S2F2( in Infrared rays by using quantum mechanics of semi empirical
حساب الخصائص الطيفية لجزيئة (S2F2) في منطقة الاشعة تحت الحمراء باستخدام ميكانيك الكم شبه التجريبي

المؤلفون: حيدر محمد جواد حيدر
الصفحات: 38-49
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الخلاصة

The study in this search of spectral and thermal properties by using theoretical semi-empirical calculation to study the molecular structure for non-linear systems,that moleculer (S2F2) in Infra-red,by using semi-empirical programs and method (MNDO/PM3).This study happen whene we get the equilibrium structure for molecules at minimum total energy. Also molecues primitive vibration frequencies located with in Infra-red region from spectrum ranged between (81.58-852.83) cm-1 .Also determined charge density distribution and electrostatic potential.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التنظيم القانوني للتصرفات الواردة على الاعضاء البشرية دراسة مقارنه بين الشريعة و القانون

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Relationship of Age and keratometry readings of the cornea to Central Corneal Thickness among 98 patients performing refractive surgery in Ibsar center for refractive surgery
العلاقة بين العمر ومعامل التقوس اوالانحناء للقرنية مع السمك الوسطي للقرنية ل٩٨ شخص

المؤلفون: Zaid Yousif Hameed Shukur
الصفحات: 49-52
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الخلاصة

This study is involved in viewing the relationship between the age and keratometry readings of cornea with the central corneal thickness among 98 patients performing refractive surgery in Ibsar center for refractive surgery in Najaf between the period This study was performed in Ibsar center for refractive surgery in Najaf from November 10 , 2013, to April 20, 2014 for patients who underwent refractive surgery for one or both eyes, no abnormality or any disease were found in the examined eyes apart the refractive error that they come for correction. The CCT of patients was measured using the Scheimpflug HR imaging system (Pentacam), 98 patients were taken 40 males and 58 females Age between 18 to 61 years There is no significant difference between K1 and K2 of the right eye and also no significant difference between K1 and K2 of the left eye there is high significant difference between K 1 and K2 readings for that of females from that of males. There is no significant difference between age with any of the variables K1,K2 right eye and K1 , K2 left eye There is no significant difference between age and the CCT of the right eyes and the left eyes No significant difference between the CCT of the right eye from that of the left eye

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Prevalence of intestinal parasites infection among children in & attending to Karbala teaching hospital for children
دراسة انتشار الاصابات الطفيلية المعوية لدى الاطفال الراقدين والمراجعين لمستشفى كربلاء التعليمي للأطفال .

المؤلفون: علي كريم حسن الغراوي
الصفحات: 50-56
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الخلاصة

This study sought to determine the type of the intestinal parasites and the range of spread them among infected children in the Karbala teaching hospital for children from January- 31st December 2013 were investigate 2036 stool samples collected from less one year- 12 year (1149 males and 887 females) children who suffer from some of symptoms of disease such as abdominal pains, loss of appetite, bloody diarrhea, paleness and anal itching. Results showed that the intestinal parasites were isolated from 877 stool samples (43.07%) and the highest ratio of the intestinal parasites was Entamoeba histolytica (20.31%) followed by Giardia lamblia and Enterobius vermicularis (15.96% and 5.99%), respectively.The infection was varied according to the age, while the highest infection was recorded in the children (>3-6 year) represent (52.38%), the lowest infection was recorded in the children (9-12 year) represent (24.33%). The total infection between the males and females was no significantly different with infection rate (46.30% males) and (38.86% females). The results also showed that the highest infection rate was recorded during November (47.88%) and the lowest rate during February (36.36%).In spite of the variation in the rates of infection, no significant differences were found in the rates of infection (P < 0.05), among the study months.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Optimization of Photocatalytic Decolourization of Methyl Green Dye Using Commercial Zinc Oxide as catalyst
التحفيز الضوئي المثالي لازالة صبغة المثل الاخضر باستخدام اوكسيد الخارصين التجاري كعامل مساعد

المؤلفون: Eitemad* S. Fathal --- Luma** M. Ahmed
الصفحات: 53-63
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الخلاصة

This study describes the results for series of experiments on photocatalytic decolourization of methyl green dye from aqueous solution in the presence of commercial ZnO suspension. The photocatalytic decolourization has been studied as a function of initial dye concentration, best dose of ZnO, initial pH of aqueous solution, and temperature by regular intervals from experiments. The decolourization of methyl green dye process was found to follow pseudo-first order kinetics with the use of artificial UV (A) light sources. The optimum dye and catalyst concentration was measured and found equal to be 50 ppm and 700 mg/ 200 mL-1 respectively. The best value of pH for the photocatalytic decolourization of methyl green dye in the presence of ZnO suspension is pH 5.4. The Photocatalytic decolourization reaction of dye was endothermic and found the rate of reaction increased with increasing temperature. Arrhenius plot obtains that the activation energy for this reaction is equal to 24. 914 kJ mol-1, this value is small that beyond to be associated with the transport of photoelectrons through the catalyst to the adsorbed oxygen on the surface.


Article
Study on Figures of sex Chromatin in relation to some blood characteristics and prolificacy in Shammi (Damascus) and local does
دراسة أشكال الصبغين الجنسي (Sex Chromatin) وعلاقته ببعض صفات الدم والخصب في إناث المَعْز الشامي والمحلي

المؤلفون: هاشم مهدي عبود --- رويدا عدنان علي
الصفحات: 57-68
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الخلاصة

The present study was undertaken to study sex chromatin (SC) traits in white blood cells (Neutrophiles) and relationship with some blood traits and prolificacy in Shammi (Damascus) and local does. Blood sample were collected, prepared and examined to determine presence of SC and it's figures and measurements. The results showed that the percentage of drum stick (D), Sessile nodule (SN), Tear drop (T), and small club (SM) figures were 25.30, 30.60, 14.30 , and 26.60% in Shammi does respectively, while in local does reach to 29.00, 32.00, 31.00 and 26.00% respectively. High significant (P<0.01) effect of SC figures on total protein and significant on cholesterol in Shammi does, while the effect was significant (P<0.05) on some traits in local does . The regression of glucose concentration on number of lobes were highly significant in Shammi does and significant on other traits of SC. The regression of total protein on vertical axes, number of lobes and area SC to area of nucleus in Shammi does, While the regression was significant on the other traits of SC. The regression of cholesterol on vertical axes area of SC, and lobes and area SC to area of nucleus was highly significant in Shammi does and area of SC to area of nucleus in local does and significant on other traits of SC. The regression of blood hemoglobin on horizontal axes and area of SC to area of nucleus in Shammi does and on vertical axes in local does and significant on other traits of SC. The regression of packed corpuscular volume was significant on some traits of SC in Shammi and local does. The results showed that the correlation coefficient between measurement of SC and the blood traits were significant and non-significant, while with prolificacy were significant and highly significant


Article
Classification of Critical Points and Caustic of the Functions of Codimensions Eight and Fifteen
تصنيف النقاط الحرجة وكاؤستيك للدوال التي أبعادها المرافقة ثمانية و خمسة عشر

المؤلفون: Mudhir A. Abdul Hussain --- Murtada. J. Mohammed
الصفحات: 64-77
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الخلاصة

In the present paper we classified the critical points of functions of codimensions eight and fifteen by finding the geometric description of caustic, investigate the propagation of the critical points and determine the level curves of these functions in the space of parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Histological study for effct of Carbamazepine drug on the developing brain at day 13 of pregnancy of Mus musclus
دراسة نسجية لتأثير عقار الكاربامازبين على تكوين الدماغ في اليوم الثالث عشر من الحمل في الفأر الابيض

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الخلاصة

Epilepsy is considered as one of the common neurological disorders. About 50 million persons have affected by epilepsy .Carbamazepine is one of the common drugs used by pregnant women with epilepsy. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of carbamazepine on the process of brain development during day 13 of pregnancy. Fifty pregnant albino mice have been used. They were divided into two groups. The control group that had been orally drenched with normal saline. The other group was treated group that had been given 15 mgKg of Carbamazepine orally. The fetuses have been collected after killing of the mice. Boun’s solution was selected as fixative. 5-8 µm thick sections from the fetuses were cut to be stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The results have demonstrated a differentiation for the tissue of the brain wall. The neuroepithelium was consisting of Ependymal, mantle and marginal layers . The mantle layer was representing the future grey matter, while the marginal layer will be differentiated to be the white matter.In the treated group the cells of the mantle layer were irregular with areas of degeneration and necrosis.The cells of the marginal layer were disarrayed with spaces between the cells. For the hindbrain there was considerable reduction in the size of the cells with patches of haemorrhage. As well as the chanches that occure in brain wall.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Intertextuality philosophical in the right Jassim hair
التناص الفلسفي في شعر جاسم الصحيّح

المؤلفون: سها صاحب القريشي --- عبود جودي الحلي
الصفحات: 73-94
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الخلاصة

One of the techniques adopted by the right poet Jasim in order to deepen the vision as the most important characteristic of the identity of contemporary poem that is feeding his poems philosophy and mysticism, and other cognitive and cultural fields that make the modern poem open, erudite and profound poem, and with semantic dimensions suggestive and expressive, and to achieve part it evoked statements philosophical, intellectual and summoned the Western and Eastern characters, traditional and contemporary granted intellectual and emotional load of knowledge are well known to the recipient's awareness because the recalled personalities, cultures and arguments inspired often have in mind and conscience suggestions semantic and emotional imposed on the reader some sort of identification with what it represents in consciousness individual and collective subconscious and the effect of the presence of strong, thus achieving diversity through the integration of the various forms of literary heritage in the text of the present and expressed his grief for something and misgivings, and the search came in two axes and ended conclusion outlined what is in it.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of Henna (Lawsonia inermis) on the wound healing of Local Arabian Horses
دراسة تأثير الحناء على التئام الجروح في الخيل العربية المحلية

المؤلفون: Amir I. Towfik --- Abdul- Satar S. Hamza --- Ahmed K. Munahi
الصفحات: 78-91
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted on (15) local horses to assess the effect of henna extract on wound healing in horses , the horses divided randomly into five groups ( first four groups were regarded as henna extract solutions treatment 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% respectively and the fifth group was regarded as control group ) and (3) horses for each group. All the horses were submitted to cutaneous incisions in the neck regions , the henna extract treatment groups were treated locally and daily for (21) days except the control group which treated with distal water only. The clinical signs of each wound were recorded daily and swabs were taken for bacterial examinations at ( 7, 14, 21 ) days to diagnose the types of bacteria which grew in the wounds and study the effect of henna extract on their growth, at first they were cultured in nutrient broth and smears were done for gram stain evaluation then they transferred to special media for each type of them, red manitol agar for Staphylococcus aureus , blood agar and brain heart broth for Streptococcus equi and cetrimide agar for Pseudomonas erogenosa . The results showed the superiority of the henna extract solution at 20% concentration according to the clinical signs of the wound ( swollen, bleeding, dryness, abscess formation, epithelization and scar tissue formation ) and the henna extract solution with its different concentrations showed gradually absence of wound edges swollen, no bleeding, dryness, intensive growth of epithelial tissue, no abscess formation and scar tissue since the first week of the treatment. Also the results showed clearly the cidal effect of the henna extract solutions (10%, 15%, 20%) respectively for the Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus equi , Pseudomonas erogenosa. The histo – pathological examination of the wound which treated by henna extract solution at 20% concentration showed strong healing with thick keratinized tissue, hyperproliferation of the epidermal layer, presence of profuse fibrosis and clear growth of new blood vessels in compare with control group .

الكلمات الدلالية

henna --- wound --- healing --- local --- Arabian --- horses


Article
Influence of some environmental conditions on Alternaria alternata growth and alternariol AOH production
تاثير بعض الظروف البيئية في نمو الفطر Alternaria alternata وانتاج سم الالترناريول AOH*

المؤلفون: فاضل سامي زغير --- بان طه محمد --- سعد محمد ندا
الصفحات: 84-90
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الخلاصة

This study included the influence of some environmental factors, temperature, pH, type of culture media, light and dark on the growth of A. alternata and production Alternariol AOH. The results showed that temperature had a significant effect (p<0.05) on the A. alternata growth and the optimum temperature was 25 ºC (8.5 cm for colony diameter) and the maximum temperature was 35ºC, minimum temperature was 20ºC. The results showed that ,temperature had a significant effect (p<0.05) on the on AOH production and the optimum temperature was 30 ºC (141.5 microgram/ml). pH effected growth where the best growth of A. alternate was at pH 6 giving 8.5 cm for colony diameter and a difference was significant at the p< 0.05 for other pH when the pH was 8 less than the growth rate 4.3 cm for colony diameter as well as pH affected production of AOH by significant differences at pH was the highest production 116.1 micrograms/ml and less production was at pH 8 giving 57.8 microgram/ml. This results also showed that, there are significant differences in the rate of growth of A. alternata depending on the type of culture media, PSA showed significant differences among others of growth 8.5 cm for colony diameter and decreased rate growth in other types of media lower growth rate of 4.0 cm for colony diameter for Sabourd agar. PAS gave best amount of production of toxin 112.8 microgram/ml. Dark condition showed a significant increase in growth of A. alternata 8.2 cm for colony diameter while 6.5 cm under light conditions, So a significant increase for AOH production was in dark 182.8 microgram/ml, while in light was 74.5 microgram/ml.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of some seasonal changes of Equilibrium in body and Relationship of histological change in adrenal gland in New Zealand White Rabbits.
تأثير بعض التغيرات الفصلية في التوازن المائي للجسم وعلاقتها بالتغيرات النسجيةللغدة الكظرية في ذكورالارانب البيضاء النيوزلندية (Oryctolaguscunniculus )

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out in department of Biology of Karbala university and in Laboratory of Histopathology in AL- Hussein hospital during the period from 5/1/2011 to 15/8/2012. Twenty adult male of Newzealand rabbits (10-12) months old and weighting (2.85 -3.01) kg .The rabbit were divided into two equal group,10 rabbit for winter sample and 10 rabbit for summer sample .The temperature and humidityin winter season respectively (12c, 70%) They were measured by system measuring thermometer and hydrometer month in January and February.In summer the temperature and humidity(50c, 10%)were respectively. In Histological study of Adrenal gland notice might to moderate congestion, Hemorrhage &necrosis inZonaReticularis and odema of adrenal cortex in winter and summer season.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Thermal Properties as a Function of Temperatures for anew Liquid Crystals Prepared from Schiff Bases and some complexes
دراسة الخواص الحرارية كدالة لدرجة الحرارة لبلورات سائله جديدة محضرة من قواعد شيف وبعض من معقداتها

المؤلفون: ShaymaJabbarAbdulrazaq
الصفحات: 92-102
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الخلاصة

The ligand [ Di(1-phenyl propanaldehyde) Hydrazone ]was prepared from Schiff bases as symbol (Z) and complexes with ions (Co+3) as symbol (CZ1), and (Cr+3) as symbol (CZ2)as the following structure: CH=CH-CH=N-N=CH-CH=CH Di (1-phenyl propanaldehyde ) Hydrazone The legand and their complexes have been characterized by a spectrophotometer Infrared (IR), Ultra violet (UV), and polarizing microscope equipped with heating stage, this techniques were found all compounds have shown a nematic phase (Enantiotropic) by heating and cooling.The study thermal conductivity behavior of compounds as a function of temperaturesof the raising (298-323 K). It has been observed that the results obtained from these compoundspossess low thermal conductivityand increases with increasing temperatures. Calculated specific heat and thermal diffusivity values, as results show that the specific heat is increasing slightly with higher temperatures, and the thermal diffusivity of this compounds is decreasing slightly with the higher temperatures. The legand have high thermal stability, complexed less matter stability.

الكلمات الدلالية

Schiff Bases --- thermal conductivity --- liquid crystals


Article
The reality of irrigated arable lands in the province of Karbala between the basic maps and the growth of slums
واقع الأراضي الزراعية المروية في محافظة كربلاء بين المخططات الأساس و تنامي العشوائيات

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الخلاصة

This study aims to study thy reality of the irrigated arable lands in the province of karbala to find out the impact of the urban expansions over those irrigated arable lands ,identify its trends and to understand the range of changes taken place from 1990 to 2013. It is worth noting that the studying area comprises a wide arable lands , which include all natural and human elements , that assist in making it a productive area rather than a consumption one , especially the importance of agricultural utility is not only specified by the availability of farm and animal products , but according to its climate , esthetic and environment value , accordingly there is a dire need to utilize these elements to improve the production by quantity and quality to cope to the growing demand to the farm products and addressing all problems facing the agricultural utility . It is very necessary to maintain the rest of rich arable lands , rather than using them to establish urbane facilities , it is must to develop practical and convenient solution to address urban expansion , and prevent their inconvenient persistence expansion.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of some seasonal changes in Equbrium of body and relationshipof chimical changes in male Neazland white rabbites (Oryctolagus cunniculus)
تأثير بعض التغيرات الفصلية في التوازن المائي للجسم وعلاقتها بالتغيرات الكيموحيوية في ذكور الارانب البيضاء النيوزلندية (Oryctolagus cunniculus )

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out in the department of Biology in College of Education for Pure Sciences of Karbala university in cooperation the department with clinical chemistry laboratory in AL- Hussein hospital in Karbala Governorate during the period from 5/1/2011 to 15/8/2012 by use Twenty adult male of Newzealand rabbits (10-12) months old and weighting (2.85 -3.01) kg .The rabbit were divided into two equal group,10 rabbit for winter sample and 10 rabbit for summer sample .The temperature and humidity in winter season respectively (12c, 70%) They were measured by system measuring thermometer and hydrometer month in January and February. In summer the temperature and humidity (50c, 10%). were measured in April and June. The present study was include an evaluation of the water balance condition in order to assessment of several physiological changes. Statistically analyses was include the clinical chemistry measuring of total protein, urea, uric acid, sugar, creatinine, sodium and potassium in winter and summer season. • the result revetled is A significant increase of chemical parameter (P<0.05) in the mean concentration of potassium, calcium ,Total protein and creatinine in Summer and a significant decrease (P<0.05) of mean concentration in potassium, calcium ,Total protein and creatinine in Winter.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECTS OF CUTTING STAGES ON SOME CHEMECAL CHARECTERISITICS OF TWO CULTIVARS OF SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor (L) .moench)
تأثير مراحل القطع في بعض الخصائص النوعية للعلف لصنفين من الذرة البيضاء Sorghum bicolor (L) .moench)

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was performed during the autumn season of 2011 year in the (Abi Garaq) 10km west Hilla city. To study the effects of two cultivars ( Engath ، Kaffer) and cutting stages ( booting stage , half bloom ,soft dough stage) on chemical characteristics . the experiment was Applied by using split –plots according to (R.C.B.D) with three replicates. Cultivars were assigned as a main-plots. and cutting stages as sub- plots. The results indicated that using kaffer cultivar significantly increased the percentage of dry matter and protein percent while using (Engath) cultivar significantly increased the total ash percent .the cutting stages was significantly different in all the studied charecteristics .soft dough stage was given higher percent of dry matter yield and protein percent and crude fiber percent , While booting stage was given higher protin percent and total ash percent .Soft dough stage was also given higher dry matter percent was ( 13.17) ton.ha. the results indicated significant interactions between cultivars and cutting stages in dry matter percnt and total ash percent .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Natural Radioactivity level and the measurement of soil gas Radon ,Thoron concentrations in Hilla city
مستوى النشاط الإشعاعي الطبيعي وقياس تركيز غاز الرادون والثورون في تربة مدينة الحلة

المؤلفون: Mohsin Kadhim muttaleb --- Khalid Hussain Hatif
الصفحات: 103-114
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الخلاصة

Examine the level of natural radioactivity of radon concentration and thoron in the soil for ten important sites in the city of Hilla, by spectrometer gamma Na (Tl) system, and a focus for radon and thoron in the soil was defined using the detector solid state (RAD7), this study aims to identify the difference in the concentration of radon and thoron as well as assess the health risks associated with radioactivity natural, if any, and by the results found that the concentration of radon gas soil in the study area ranged between 34-15200 Bq/m3, it was observed that the highest concentration of radon is in the depth and the lowest concentration measured in surface.The average concentration activity of uranium, thorium, and potassium found 14.079 ± 0.46, 12.326 ± 0.43 and 416.655 ± 2.86 Bq/m3 respectively. Thus, the annual affecting radionuclide dose identified and analyzed, and found the calculated dose values is not too high and not exceeding the proposed radio-protection standards by international agencies.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The lmpact of Degree of finess send on The Density and Compressive Strength of Thermeston
تأثير درجة نعومة الرمل على الكثافة ومقاومة الانضغاط للثرمستون

المؤلفون: مهند مهدي صالح
الصفحات: 109-118
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الخلاصة

The light weigh concrete (Thermiston) have wide uses in the recent building and structures . Mixing (Cement , lime , Sand) together with Aluminum powder have been create the thermiston material. This paper study to find out the impact of the fineness of sand on both of the density and the compressive strength for the thermiston material . this study was used six degree of sand (48 , 52 , 58 , 60 , 64 , 68) to get (36) samples which crated a cubical shape (100×100×100) mm3 ، six samples from each degree. The laboratory examination indicated that the density is between (0.69 - 0.75) g /cm3 and the compressive strength is between (0.40 - 8.21) N /mm2 . The final results ensured that There is no effect for the finesse of sand on thermistons density , but there is effect on compressive strength , whenever more finesse degree of sand more compressive strength

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
influencing variables in contrast to where Iam teaching for installation in the city of Karbala.
المتغيرات المؤثرة في تباين التركيب التعليمي في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

Problem of the research are summarized as what is influencing variables,in contrast to where Iam teaching for installation in the city of Karbala,according to the administrative units,and the assumption turned out to be the educational composition is linked to a set of variables(such as environmental distribution and the distance traveled and the status of the population).Ihave found these variables interact with each other may be have a direct impact in determining the percentages of levels of education in the area.Ihave found asignificant drop in the percentage of illiteracy in rural areas compared to urban areas for all administrative units because of inadequate services in the rural areas of Karbala,as well as lower proportion of illiterates in Karbala (23.8%)to (20,4%) for the period (2003-2013) also created astudy that there is adisparity in the repetition and dropout rates in primary ,secondary and university education and technical in the city of Karbala for the academic year (2012-2013),where we find high percentage in the secondary stages compared with the rest of the stages as accounted for (21.4%)and for failure (16.6%)compared to the leak in primary education (15.7%)and for failure (5.5%)of the leak,as the study showed low levels of education,by type,especially bachelors or higher degree,as well as asignificant rise by who holds acertificate of elementary and higher in urban areas compared to rural areas between(2003-2013).the study also showed high levels of education in Karbala Center for the period(2003-2013)the great decline in the proportion of educational levels in the district appointed dates for the same period,were included in this study also identified on the distance traveled by the student or the student and the time taken for the journey from his home to the Foundation education,whether school,university or institute as this study showed volatility in the environmental of the population of urban and rural areas in the province of Karbala and the distribution of proportion of workers in the province,and the extent of the link between them and the student enrollment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effects of treatment with Interferon alfa on some biochemical indices among hepatitis C patients
تأثير العلاج بالأنترفيرون الفا في بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية للمرضى المصابين بالتهاب الكبد الفايروسي سي

المؤلفون: Bushra Abbas Alzubaide --- Jameel Jerri Yousif --- Rheem T. Almaory
الصفحات: 115-122
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الخلاصة

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease in the world. Interferon alpha (IFN alpha) has been widely used as therapy for chronic hepatitis C. Objective :This study was amid to evaluate the efficacy of interferon alpha therapy in patients of chronic hepatitis C for 12 and 24 weeks . Methods: This study was conducted at Marjan Hospital from May 2014 to December 2014. the patients of hepatitis C (24 males and 26 females) had age range 18-48 years were grouped into study group (n=50) and control group (n=16). Patients had injection monthly by interferon vial 18 mlu. At weeks 0, 12 and 24, blood samples were taken for assay Biochemical indices that include blood sugar, urea, creatinine, direct and indirect and total bilirubin, albumin, aspartate aminotranferases (AST), alanine aminotransferases (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Results: There are no significant differences in blood sugar and Albumin levels in HCV patients as compare to normal individuals (control). significant decrease were observed in Blood urea ,serum creatinine direct bilirubin , indirect bilirubin, total bilirubin and significant increase in AST, ALT, ALP levels in HCV patients compare to control. Treatment with interferon alfa for 12 and 24 weeks cause significant increase (P< 0.001) in Blood sugar and Albumin levels and significant decrease in Blood urea ,serum creatinine direct and indirect and total bilirubin in HCV patients as compare to normal individuals (control). Also there were no significant differences in all studied parameters and the response to treatment between males and females Conclusions: After 24 weeks of Interferon alfa therapy, patients showed hopeful response to treatment manifested by improve the biochemical induces.


Article
Effects of treatment with Interferon alfa on some biochemical indices among hepatitis C patients.
تأثير العلاج بالأنترفيرون الفا في بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية للمرضى المصابين بالتهاب الكبد الفايروسي سي.

المؤلفون: Bushra Abbas Alzubaide --- Jameel Jerri Yousif --- Rheem T. Almaory
الصفحات: 115-122
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الخلاصة

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease in the world. Interferon alpha (IFN alpha) has been widely used as therapy for chronic hepatitis C. Objective :This study was amid to evaluate the efficacy of interferon alpha therapy in patients of chronic hepatitis C for 12 and 24 weeks . Methods: This study was conducted at Marjan Hospital from May 2014 to December 2014. the patients of hepatitis C (24 males and 26 females) had age range 18-48 years were grouped into study group (n=50) and control group (n=16). Patients had injection monthly by interferon vial 18 mlu. At weeks 0, 12 and 24, blood samples were taken for assay Biochemical indices that include blood sugar, urea, creatinine, direct and indirect and total bilirubin, albumin, aspartate aminotranferases (AST), alanine aminotransferases (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Results: There are no significant differences in blood sugar and Albumin levels in HCV patients as compare to normal individuals (control). significant decrease were observed in Blood urea ,serum creatinine direct bilirubin , indirect bilirubin, total bilirubin and significant increase in AST, ALT, ALP levels in HCV patients compare to control. Treatment with interferon alfa for 12 and 24 weeks cause significant increase (P< 0.001) in Blood sugar and Albumin levels and significant decrease in Blood urea ,serum creatinine direct and indirect and total bilirubin in HCV patients as compare to normal individuals (control). Also there were no significant differences in all studied parameters and the response to treatment between males and females Conclusions: After 24 weeks of Interferon alfa therapy, patients showed hopeful response to treatment manifested by improve the biochemical induces.


Article
EFFECT OF SEEDLINGS AGE ON GROWTH AND YIELD TWO RICE CULTIVARS
تاثيرعمرالشتلات في نمو وحاصل صنفين من الرز

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted during 2007 and 2008 rice seasons at Al-Mishkhab Rice Research Station at Al-Najaf province. The objective was to know the effect of different seedlings age on growth plant dynamic and yield and component of yield of two rice cultivars (Anber33 , Jasmine). The design was used split plots with RCBD arrangement in three replications. Cultivation practices managed according to System of Rice Intensification(SRI) methods. The results of experiment showed that the young seedlings (8 , 10 , 12) days old gave highest average grain yield than the late transplanting of seedlings (30 days old) for both seasons (2007,2008). In the first season, the results indicated that the highest average grain yield was 7161 kg.ha-1 for 12 days of seedlings old for both cultivars , and the lowest average grain yield was 4749 kg.ha-1 for 30 days of seedlings old. In the second season, the highest average grain yield was 6827 kg.ha-1 for 8 days of seedlings old , and the lowest average grain yield was 4625 kg.ha-1 for 30 days of seedlings old for both cultivars. The plants growth and essential activities performance of younger seedlings were the best for both seasons, the early transplanting of seedlings with(8, 10, 12) days old gave highest of plant height, the plant gave biggest ability with (12, 15) days seedling old, and the highest leaves number with(12, 15) days old

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
QUANTUM MECHANICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF STRUCTUREAL AND THERMAL PROPERTIES OF SOME THIADIAZOL DERIVATIVES
دراسة ميكانيكا الكم للخصائص التركيبية والحرارية لبعض مشتقات الثايادايازول

المؤلفون: Khidhir Alhameedi --- Manal. A. Mohammad
الصفحات: 123-130
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الخلاصة

This study involved the adoption of the program (Gaussian 03) to use the method of calculating the total (Ab initio of method) according to the Hartree – Fock method (RHF), for the purpose of the expense of dimensional geometry (lengths and bond angles)when the geometry of a balanced, functions thermodynamic, some physical properties, charges for derivatives ring 4-(1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)benzene-1,3-diols. Have shown calculation results that the compound (R-SiH3) has the highest value of thermodynamic functions (E0,H0,G0,S0,A0) but the compound (R-AlH2) has the highest value of heat capacity (CV,CP ). The results showed that both nitrogen atoms (N9,N8) had the highest negative charge when the compound (R-AlH2) , which makes it a strong legend when Linked to metal and the formation of the complex. For ( R-AlH2 , R-SiH3 , R-PH2 , R- SH) molecules the calculated some of physical properties ( dipole moment μ in Debye ) , orbital energies (EHOMO , ELUMO in e V ), IP (in e V) , (measurement stability Δ ) , hardness ɳ and Electron Affinity EA ) . Also For these molecules the calculated (ΔHf 0 (in KJ/mole) by using (semi-empirical method AM1 model in MOPAC program). Calculation results have shown that the compound (R-SiH3) the lower value of the heat of formation (the more Stability) as well as has the highest value of ΔE and IP that means it’s the less active between the compounds. This difference in the results come according to the difference of substituted groups.

الكلمات الدلالية

RHF study --- 4-(1 --- 3 --- 4-thiadiazol -2-yl) benzene -1 --- 3-diols --- thermodynamics functions


Article
Al-Sayyed Shihab Al-Din Marashi Najafi His Life and Scientific 1897-1991
السيد شهاب الدين المرعشي النجفي)قده(سيرته وآثاره العلمية 1897-1991م

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد إبراهيم اليساري
الصفحات: 127-150
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الخلاصة

Alsid Shihab Din Al-Marashi Najafi was born in the holy city of Najaf, at 20th of Saffar in 1315 A.H / 1897 from generous parents were learned various seminary science took draws from this particular scientific community until he joined until he reached the degree of diligence in early from his age. In the year 1344 A.H 1925 he settled in the holy city of Qum after a request from Sheikh AbdulKarim Haeri Yazdi to teach in Holy Qum school and he began teaching and prayer in which. He is the first person who founded the morning prayer group. A thousands of students of religious sciences was teaching by him and finished their studies as well as authored by 1arge number of books that dealt with various aspects of science including differences types of sciences and genealogy and benedictions and pilgrimages between manuscript which are printed are written. On his fellow scientists winning a large number of vacations where he received four hundred permissions from various Muslim sects and has had many of the books of the cities of Iraq and Iran , As was his conversations and discussions which aimed to reveal the truth with personalities from outsider which achieved his aim to guide a large number of them to the right and acknowledgement. And he also had a lot of social services such as founded for a big library in holy Qum, then his scientific life continued between study and authoring in fr¬ont of the group in the holy city of Qum , nearly seventy years till his death at Wednesday 7th of Suffar 1411 A.H , 1991.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Influence of annealing temperature on Structural and Optical Properties for thin ZnO Films Prepared by pulse laser deposition
تاثيردرجة حرارة التلدين على الخصائص التركيبية والبصرية لغشاء أوكسيد الخارصين المحضر بطريقة الترسييب بالليزر النبضي

المؤلفون: Mohammed A. Kadhim --- Mohammed O. Salman
الصفحات: 131-140
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الخلاصة

In this work, structural and optical properties for thin ZnO films prepared by pulse laser deposition technique, on glass substrates, have been studied as a function of annealing temperature. This study shows that the films have energy gap decreases from 3.26 eV to 3.14 with increasing Ta from RT to 673 K.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Isolation & Identification Coagulase Positive Staphylococci From Different Clinical & Food sample & Study Some factor Effecting on enzyme Production.
عزل وتشخيص بكتريا المكورات العنقودية المنتجة لانزيم مخثر البلازما من عينات سريرية وغذائية مختلفة ودراســــة بعض العوامل المؤثرة فــــــي انتاجه0

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الخلاصة

The study include isolate and diagnosis the Coagulase Positive Staphylococci bacteria from (120) clinical sample of hospitals holy city of Karbala (General Al Hussein Hospital٫Karbala Children Hospital) included Nasal swabs, Ear swabs, skin swabs, Burn swabs, Wound swabs, Operation swabs and Urine sample as well as food samples which included samples of cheese, Dairy Yoghurt sample, samples of meat and ice cream sample for the period (April 15 to Jule 30 , 2014). CPS formed ratio ((٪39.13 , ٪60.0 )) of clinical and food samples respectively, Also been diagnosed tow species of CPS (S. aureus and S. hyicus ) , and studying the different condition for the production of Coagulase enzyme for both species it was noted that is a great similarity in those circumstances except for some difference the results indicate that the chemical defined medium led to an increase in the production of the enzyme in both types under study it was noted t temperature (37) C, pH (7.5), incubation time (24 hrs.) & incubator shaking (100 rpm) which led to increased production of the enzyme for both types.

الكلمات الدلالية

انزيم مخثر البلازما،S.aureus


Article
Effect of Calcined and Non Calcined Fly Ash Addition on The Strength of Concrete
اثراضافة الرماد المتطاير المحروق وغير المحروق على متانة الخرسانة

المؤلفون: Huda N. Kalifa --- Omar Jalaa Yahya --- Younes Mohsen
الصفحات: 141-148
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الخلاصة

The present work studies the effect of calcination of the fly ash that added to the concrete to enhance its strength. The fly ash added to the concrete batch in different weight ratios 20, 25, and 30 %. The fly ash added in two groups, group1: Fly ash without firing (Calcination) with particle size ranging from 0.425-1.18 mm. while group 2: Fired (calcined) fly ash at 700 ºC for 4 hours. The X-ray diffraction for calcined fly ash shows that the organic compound shown in the non calcined fly ash was disappeared and the main compounds was silica and millite. Slump test was achieved for the fresh concrete with the addition of calcined fly ash, which shows a clear reduction. The absorption of water during curing was reduced by calination the added fly ash. Also the strength of concrete was enhanced in the case of calcination the added fly ash more than in the case of adding non calcined fly ash.

الكلمات الدلالية

Concrete --- Calcined Fly Ash --- Non Calcined Fly Ash.


Article
The effect of adding Trigonella fenum and Nigella sativa to ration on milk yield and its chemical composition in local black dose
تاثير اضافة بذور الحلبة ( Trigonella fenum) و بذور الحبة السوداء ( Nigella sativa) الى عليقة اناث الماعز المحلي الاسود في انتاج الحليب وتركيبه الكيمياوي

المؤلفون: مهند فضل حسين المسعودي
الصفحات: 141-147
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in private farm in Karbala ,fifteen does were randomly divided into three groups (5 each),animal of first group (control ) free from any addition only concentrated diet, the 2nd group (T1) feeded on 90 gm of Trigonella fenum seed add to each Kg diet as afood addivites , while the 3rd group (T2) feeded on 9 gm of Nigella sativa seed add to each Kg diet as Afood addivites , weekly milk yield and milk chemical composition (fat %,protein %, lactose%, soild non fat (snf)% ) was investigated , milk yield checked for 6 week ,and samples of milk were taken for laboratory analysis , the result show significant increase (P< 0.05) in milk yield in 2nd group(T1) and 3rd group (T2) in compared with control group (C ) , no significant difference were abserved in Fat%, milk protein %, lactose %and Snf % among all groups.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and preparation of new amide macrocyclic ligand type N2S2 and metal complexes with di valence cobalte nickel and cupper and studying physical properties of complexes
تحضير وتشخيص ليكاند حلقة كبيرة امايدي جديد من نوع N2S2 ومعقداته الفلزية مع الكوبلت والنيكل والنحاس الثنائية التكافؤ مع دراسة بعض الخصائص الفيزياوية للمعقدات المحضرة

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الخلاصة

The macrocycle ligand type N2S2 have been prepared through two steps.the first Included the reaction between two equivalent of mercapto acetic acid and one eq- Univalent of 1,4-phenylene di amine , the second included the reaction of first step precursor with penta erythritol tetra bromide,to obtainted the target ligand .the Co+2 with metal from there action of the ligand Complexes were prepared Ni+2 , Cu+2 ions 1:2 ratio , the prepousd compounds were characterized by FT-IR , UV-Vis , NMR , C.H.N spectoscopies , mass spectra as well as the molar conductivity and magnetic successptibility, stability constant and mole ratio was corried out of prepared complexes these measurements shows the suggested geometry around the cobalt ion is distorted octahydral and squar planer around nickel ion and tetrahydral around cupper ion . The effect of temperature on the stability constants were found to raising the Temperature .the thermodynamic function (ΔG, ΔH , ΔS) of the formed complexes were calculated at range of temperature that showed complexes reaction was undo thermic and spontaneous .formation

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
OPTIMAL EDGE DETECTION FILTER USING GENETIC ALGORITHM
تحسين المرشحات للكشف عن الحافات باستخدام الخوارزمية الجينية

المؤلفون: Riyadh Mwad Naife --- Hawrra Hassan Abass
الصفحات: 149-160
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الخلاصة

The process of finding the limits of the image (edge detection) means finding the boundary between the neighboring regions which differ from each other in gray levels value. The extraction of features such as edges and curves from an image is useful for many purposes. Features, such as edges and curves are useful in i) texture analysis ii) 3-D surface restructuring iii) segmentation iv) image matching. Edges are important features in an image since they represent significant local intensity changes. They provide important clues to illumination. Due to the absence of specific suitable method to detect all types of edges, the present work try to find an optimal filter to define image edges and compare it with traditional filters, the GA algorithm used to do so.

الكلمات الدلالية

Image processing --- GA --- edge detection


Article
Object in English and Arabic : aContrastive Study
الـمــفــعــول بــه في اللغتين العربية والإنجليزية دراسة نحوية مقارنة

المؤلفون: علــي كريــم ناشــد
الصفحات: 151-173
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الخلاصة

This study aims to : 1- Identify the object in Arabic and English . 2- Show the importance of object in both languages. 3- Explain the deletion,advancementand delayed of object withits verb and its subject in Arabic language and English. 4- Show the similarities and differences between object in both languages. 5- Prove that the similarities between the two languages in the object are more than the differences.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Theoretical study on the effect of operating parameters on the performance of adsorption refrigerator
دراسة نظرية حول تأثير العوامل التشغيلية على اداء منظومة تثليج امتزازية

المؤلفون: Abdul Hadi N. Khalfa --- Ahmed Q. Mohammed --- Hassan Jawdat Fadiel
الصفحات: 161-174
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الخلاصة

This work include a theoretical analysis of an adsorption refrigerator, the adsorption refrigerator consist of unit generator in the form of shell and tube heat exchanger, the generator can be heated either by hot water from solar collector, or from waste heat. The adsprtion pair used was active carbon-methanol. A complete thermodynamics analysis was achieved on the unit, while the thermo physical properties of methanol were calculated using Dubinin and Astakhov equation. Many key parameters were examined to find the effect off the unit starting, evaporator, condensing and peak temperatures on the cycle COP. The results show that for a certain ambient temperature there is an optimum generator temperature at which COP reaches a maximum. as the ambient temperature increases the condensing temperature increases also, thus leads to reduce cycle COP, and finally heavy materials used in building the adsorption cycle leads to increase the consumed heat that used to heat up the generator.

الكلمات الدلالية

Adsorption --- Refrigeration --- active carbon --- methanol.


Article
Morphological Appearances of Atroosh district in Dohuk Province and their effects on Pinus brutia Ten. Regeneration.
المظاهر الجيومورفولوجية وتأثيراتها على تجديد الصنوبر البروتي لمنطقة أتروش في محافظة دهوك

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الخلاصة

أجريت هذه الدراسة على غابات الصنوبر الطبيعية شمال العراق في منطقة أتروش الواقعة على دائرة عرض تتراوح بين ̄ 31 ˚ 36 - ̄51 ˚36 شمالا وخـــط طول يتراوح بين ̄20 ˚ 43 - ̄21 ˚ 43 شرقا ضمن حدود محافظة دهوك وارتفاع عن مستوى سطح البحر بين ( 782- 1036) متر ، وتتمثل هذه الغابات بالصنوبر البروتي Pinus brutia Ten وبعض الأنواع الأخرى . تم قياس بعض المتغيرات للبادرة من خلال دراسة أربعة مواقع , كل موقع يحتوي على خمسة عينات لمنطقة البحث مع مساحة للعينة الواحدة تبلغ 3846.5م2 بنصف قطر مقداره 35م ، هذه المتغيرات هي الارتفاع ، القطر والتي قيست للبادرات (ارتفاع أقل من 2م ) والتي تمثل المرحلة الأولى من عمر الشجرة وكذلك قيس عرض المجموعة الخضرية للأشجار الأمهات المتمثل بالتاج نقلت المعلومات بعد ذلك إلى جهاز الحاسوب وأجريت لها التحاليل اللازمة. تم الاعتماد على تحديد نظام المواقع العالمي(GPS) لقياس الإحداثيات من خلال جهاز نوع Etrex في تحديد التوزيع الطبيعي والمكاني لأشجار الغابات في منطقة أتروش ، وإن الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو البحث عن المعلومات التي تتعلق بالغابة من حيث التنويع والتجديد الطبيعي وطرق التوزيع للمجتمعات النباتية لأشجار الصنوبر البروتي في منطقة أتروش والتي تعد بيانات أساسية للإنتاج المستدام للموارد الطبيعية الغاباتية المتجددة . أظهرت النتائج أن العينات الواقعة في الواجهات الشمالية والشمالية الشرقية ذات فرق معنوي بالتجديد لوفرة المحتوى الرطوبي مع تغطية تاجية قليلة لهذه العينات قياسا إلى العينات في الواجهات الأخرى ( الجنوبية والغربية) ، مع أفضل ارتفاع يمكن ملاحظته بالنسبة للتجديد هو بين 782- 931م عن مستوى سطح البحر ومعدل ارتفاع هو 890.15م ، ومعدل نسبة انحدار بين 3.75% - 7.22% .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence of the season and ovarian follicular size on hormonal, metabolic and ionic changes of ovarian follicular fluid in native ewes.
تاثير الموسم وحجم الجريبة المبيضية في التغيرات الهرمونية والايضية والايونية للسائل الجريبي المبيضي للنعاج المحلية

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted at laboratories of department of animal technical production ,Al-MusaibTechnicalCollege from 1/2/2011 to 1/2/2012 to investigate some biochemical composition of ovine follicular fluid in relation to season and follicle size. The female reproductive organs were collected from slaughter house of province of Karbala .A total of 240 samples of genital tract. The samples were transported to the laboratory within 2-3 hours post slaughter. The follicular fluid was aspirated from small (>4mm),medium (4-6mm)and large (≤ 7mm) follicle .The follicular fluid was stored at -4C° prior to assay. Follicular fluid sample were analyzed for estrogen hormone, follicle stimulating hormone ,glucose ,cholesterol ,total protein ,potassium and calcium .The results showed that the mean of estrogen hormone level at different seasons of the year were highly significant (p<0.01)with an increased follicular size(diameter) ,while the mean follicle stimulating hormone level decreased highly significant (p<0.01) with difference in follicular diameter.The mean of cholesterol level at different seasons of the year wasshowed highly significant increased (p<0.01) in follicular fluid with increased in follicular size. The mean of glucose level at different seasons of the year increased significantly (p<0.01) with increased follicular size , while the mean total protein level at different seasons of the year decreased in highly significant (p<0.01) with enlargement of follicular size.The mean of potassium level at different seasons of the year decreased highly significant (p<0.01) with increased follicular size, rather the mean of calcium level at different seasons of the year increased significantly (p<0.01) with increased follicular size.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence of the season and ovarian follicular size on hormonal, metabolic and ionic changes of ovarian follicular fluid in native ewes.
تاثير الموسم وحجم الجريبة المبيضية في التغيرات الهرمونية والايضية والايونية للسائل الجريبي المبيضي للنعاج المحلية

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted at laboratories of department of animal technical production ,Al-MusaibTechnicalCollege from 1/2/2011 to 1/2/2012 to investigate some biochemical composition of ovine follicular fluid in relation to season and follicle size. The female reproductive organs were collected from slaughter house of province of Karbala .A total of 240 samples of genital tract. The samples were transported to the laboratory within 2-3 hours post slaughter. The follicular fluid was aspirated from small (>4mm),medium (4-6mm)and large (≤ 7mm) follicle .The follicular fluid was stored at -4C° prior to assay. Follicular fluid sample were analyzed for estrogen hormone, follicle stimulating hormone ,glucose ,cholesterol ,total protein ,potassium and calcium .The results showed that the mean of estrogen hormone level at different seasons of the year were highly significant (p<0.01)with an increased follicular size(diameter) ,while the mean follicle stimulating hormone level decreased highly significant (p<0.01) with difference in follicular diameter.The mean of cholesterol level at different seasons of the year wasshowed highly significant increased (p<0.01) in follicular fluid with increased in follicular size. The mean of glucose level at different seasons of the year increased significantly (p<0.01) with increased follicular size , while the mean total protein level at different seasons of the year decreased in highly significant (p<0.01) with enlargement of follicular size.The mean of potassium level at different seasons of the year decreased highly significant (p<0.01) with increased follicular size, rather the mean of calcium level at different seasons of the year increased significantly (p<0.01) with increased follicular size.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A comparaison study between the Acquiring Degree of Arabic language teachers of Syntactic concepts and the Acquiring degree of their students in the fourth grade of these concepts
دراسة مقارنة بين درجة اكتساب مدرسي اللغة العربية للمفاهيم النحوية ودرجة اكتساب طلبتهم في الصف الرابع العلمي لتلك المفاهيم

المؤلفون: تحسين علي حسين الشاهر
الصفحات: 174-188
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الخلاصة

The research is best represented from the following questions: 1-Is the level of degree acquisition Arabic language teachers and Madrsadtha fourth grade science concepts grammatical educationally acceptable? 2-Is the level of the fourth grade the degree of acquisition of scientific concepts grammatical students educationally acceptable? 3-Is there a positive relationship between the level of degree acquisition of Arabic language teachers for fourth grade science concepts and grammatical level degree gain their students in the same grade of these concepts? To achieve the goal Find researcher chose a random sample of (73) as a teacher and a school, representing a ratio of (10%) and (428) students, representing a ratio of (5%) spread directorates breeding province of Karbala schools holy note that Hola are students who are the teachers The research sample of teaching them the Arabic language material. To measure the acquisition of teachers and students to the concepts of grammatical prepared researcher Theselan first two tests for teachers and other students to join (50) paragraph measure (17) make sure researcher concept of testing the sincerity and persistence and extract the discriminatory power of the paragraphs and the coefficient of difficulty

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of Cu dopant on structural and optical properties of spray deposited CdS films
تأثير تركيز النحاس على الخواص التركيبية والبصرية لأغشية المركب cds

المؤلفون: M. A. Al-Hur
الصفحات: 175-184
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الخلاصة

CdS and copper doped Cd1-xSCux thin films have been prepared by the spray pyrolysis method. The optical band gaps of pure and doped CdS were found to be varied from 2.34 to 2.45 eV with increase x from 0 to 0.1. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that the films were polycrystalline and exhibited two phases cubic and hexagonal structure with increasing the hexagonal phase with increasing Cu ratio.

الكلمات الدلالية

CdS --- spray pyrolysis --- optical properties --- Cu concentration.


Article
Effect of dietary supplementation with different level of lycopene in some semen traits for local geese males.
تاثير اضافة مستويات مختلفة من الليكوبين الى العليقة في بعض صفات السائل المنوي لذكور الوز المحلي.

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the poultry farm for department of Animal Resource, College of Agriculture at University of Baghdad during the period from 20/10/2013 to 28/3/2014. The aim of this study was investigator the effect of dietary supplementation with different level of lycopene on some semen traits for ganders. A total of 24 male of local geese, two years old were used in this study. The geese were randomly distributed in to four treatments groups, each group consisted of 6 birds. Birds were fed during the whole period on diet contain 15.2 % crude protein and 2927.3 Kcal metabolic energy / kg. Lycopene was added to the diets of birds at the beginning till the end of experiment period. The birds were reared in single separated cages during the experiment period. groups were as following: Treatment 1 (T0) birds fed diet without any addition of lycopene (control group) , Treatment 2 (T300) birds fed diet supplemented with 300 mg lycopene / Kg of diet, Treatment 3(T600) birds fed diet supplemented with 600 mg lycopene / Kg of diet, Treatment 4(T900) birds fed diet supplemented with 900mg lycopene / Kg of diet. Results revealed that dietary supplementation with different levels of lycopene resulted in: Significant improvement regarding semen traits like ejaculate volume, individual motility, mass motility, sperm concentrations, percentage of dead spermatozoa, deformation spermatozoa ratio and spermatocrit .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Association between sperm chromatin status and macroscopic sperm parameters in human
العلاقة بين حالة كروماتين النطف ومعايير النطف العيانية في الإنسان

المؤلفون: Ali A. Al-Fahham --- Hisham Q. Al-Nowainy
الصفحات: 185-192
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الخلاصة

إن أغلب الفحوصات العيانية للسائل المنوي تؤشر وجود اعتلال في عمل الغدد التكاثرية المساعدة أو عيوباً خلقية ، وهذه الأمور ربما تؤثر أيضاً على حالة كروماتين النطف من خلال زيادة الاجهاد التأكسدي والموت الخلوي . هدفت الدراسة الحالية للبحث عن العلاقة المحتملة بين حالة كروماتين النطف والفحوصات العيانية للسائل المنوي . تم إجراء هذه الدراسة للمدة من الأول من حزيران 2014 إلى الأول من تشرين الأول 2014 ، إذ تضمنت الدراسة إجراء فحص السائل المنوي والفحوصات الوراثية لعينة مكونة من (100) من الرجال العقيمين الذين يعالجون في مركز الخصوبة في مدينة الصدر الطبية في محافظة النجف الأشرف ، كما شملت الدراسة (20) شخصاً من الرجال الخصبين (مجموعة السيطرة) . تم استعمال صبغة أزرق أنيلين (AB) للتمييز بين الكروماتين المكثف (السوي غير المصطبغ) للخلايا النطفية وبين الكروماتين غير المكثف (غير السوي المصطبغ باللون الأزرق) ، كما تم استعمال صبغة أزرق تولويدين (TB) للتعرف على الحامض النووي الرايبوزي منقوص الأوكسجين DNA والتمييز بين حالته السوية (اللون الأزرق) وحالته المحطمة (اللون البنفسجي) . بينت النتائج أن المعايير العيانية غير السوية (باستثناء المظهر ودرجة الحموضة) وكذلك حالة كروماتين النطف غير السوية في الرجال العقيمين قد أظهرت زيادة بمستويات معنوية مقارنة مع الرجال الخصبين ، كما بينت الدراسة وجود ارتفاع معنوي (P<0.05) في النسبة المئوية للنطف ذات اﻟDNA المحطم في مجموعة (أسوياء النطف) من الرجال العقيمين مقارنة مع الرجال الخصبين . كما بينت النتائج وجود علاقة عكسية ذات دلالة إحصائية عالية المعنوية (P<0.01) بين حالتي تكثف الكروماتين وتضرر اﻟDNA وبين كل من حجم السائل المنوي ، وزمن الإماعة ، بينما كانت العلاقة طردية مع لزوجة السائل المنوي ، ولم تكن هناك علاقة مع المظهر ودرجة الحموضة .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Spatial variation of livestock in the governorate of Anbar and spatial relations production forage crops for the year 2012
التباين المكاني للثروة الحيوانية في محافظة الانبار وعلاقاتها المكانية بإنتاج محاصيل العلف لسنة 2012

المؤلفون: مناف محمد السوداني
الصفحات: 189-205
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الخلاصة

Considering the geographical distributions and spatial patterns on the surface of the earth and studied these are describing patterns and analyze the processes that created, that geographical reality a reflection of the differences in spatial phenomenon under study, that the process of interpretation of spatial variation for the preparation of livestock in Anbar province relies on the premise of relations spatial producing crops feed where several techniques used and the amount of cartographic to get to a set of conclusions

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study Antibacterial Activity of Lactobacillus brevis Against Escherchia coli and Enterobacter aerogenus Causes Diarrhea Among Children in Holy City of Karbala.
دراسة الفعل المضاد لجرثومة Lactobacillus brevis ضد كل من بكتريا Escherchia coli و Enterobacter aerogenus المسببة لحالات الاسهال بين الأطفال في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

المؤلفون: Jannat K. Alkhazraji --- Wafaa Sadeq Alwazni --- Najeh Hashim Kaduim
الصفحات: 193-202
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الخلاصة

The study included isolation and identification of pathogenic bacterial which responsible for diarrheal infection to 39 stool samples were collected from children under five years of age suffering from diarrhea attending to education children hospital for of education in the Holy Karbala during the period from May to August 2013, as it was obtained on 39 bacterial isolates from these samples, which have been diagnosed by using differential mediums, biochemical tests and by using Api 20 kits, and appeared that isolates belonging to Escherichia coli (43.58%) and Enterobacter aerogenes (30.76%) are the most common isolates that have been selected to complete the rest of the steps of the study. A total of ten Lactobacillus spp. isolates have been obtained from different sources such as (Yoghurt ,Whey and Raw milk( ,and only one of them belong to Lactobacillus brevis showed ability to produce the cell free supernatant (biosurfactant) and showed antimicrobial activity against all pathogenic bacterial strains tested .The MIC and Sub-MIC of the cell free supernatant (biosurfactant) extracted from Lactobacillus brevis isolate was determined against studied pathogenic bacteria and the results showed that the MIC of the biosurfactant was 70 mg/ml and Sub-MIC was 60 mg/ml respectively, these results indicates that biosurfactant must be used in high concentration to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria.


Article
Haematological study of beta thalassemia in holy Kerbala Governorate
دراسة دموية لمرض فقر الدم البحري بيتا في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة

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الخلاصة

The importance of the present study was in the haematological and biochemical evaluation of haemoglobin in beta - thalassemia patients in holy Kerbala Governorate , A total of 36 blood samples were collected from beta - thalassemia major patients and 20 samples from beta - thalassemia intermedia patients from Al-Hussein medical city in Kerbala and compared with 20 samples from apparently healthy control group. The blood groups for all studied samples were determined , and the correlation between the blood groups and the phenotypic pattern of the disease was studied . The results revealed that there was significant statistical correlation between beta - thalassemia major and blood groups B&O; and between beta- thalassemia intermedia & blood group A. The complete blood picture for all samples were determined including (RBC count ,WBC count ,blood platelet count, hematocrit (HCT), Mean cell volume(MCV) , Mean cell hemoglobin(MCH) and Mean cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) . The results revealed significant statistical differences between patients groups and apparently healthy individuals for all studied parameters except WBC counts. The concentrations of Hb were determined,and the quantative and qualitative analyses of Hb using Hb electrophoresis were adopted to determine the Hb types (HbA, HbA2 and HbF) and their percentages,the results showed significant differences between studied groups for these three types of haemoglobin.In thalassemia major HbF (76.06% ± 25.70),HbA (23.55%±19.83) and HbA2 (3.90% ± 2.98) Whereas the results in thalassemia intermedia showed the percentage of HbF (7.16% ± 1.52), HbA(56.58% ± 17.9) and HbA2(7.45% ± 5.48)

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Article
Performance Evaluation of Modified Concrete Layer by Sodium Silicate in Rigid Highway Pavement
تقييم الأداء لطبقة الخرسانة المحسنة بسليكات الصوديوم في تبليط الطرق الجاسئة

المؤلفون: Fatimah Fahem Al-khafaji
الصفحات: 203-218
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الخلاصة

The using of conventional concrete mix in rigid pavement causes costly layer with high maintenance requirement . It is necessary to use additive materials in pavement construction as modifiers which could improves the performance of concrete layer . The major objective of this research is to evaluate the mixing a locally additive on performance of concrete layer in rigid pavement by using sulfate-resisting cement (type V) produced in Iraq . The additive represented by soluble Sodium Silicate also known as " water glass " . Concrete mixture specimen have been prepared with coarse aggregate of maximum size (50)mm and fine aggregate of maximum size (9.5)mm . Soluble Sodium Silicate has been used as an additive with the percentages (5 , 10 , 15) % by weight of cement . The performance of concrete mixture is evaluated using strength tests i.e (compressive and flexural) as well as thermal test (coefficient of thermal expansion) . Results of using such modified concrete mixture show that compressive strength and modulus of rupture are decreased by (1.14 , 1.06) time at 7 days and increased by (1.17 , 1.16) time at 28 days respectively as compared with control mix . The results of coefficient of thermal expansion are decreased by (1.12) times at 28 days when compared with control mix . However, percent of 10% soluble Sodium Silicate in concrete mix shows better performance of concrete pavement corresponding for both strength and thermal properties . This percentage was adopted for all above mentioned comparison . The use of modified concrete mix has significant effect on the thickness design and joint spacing of main layer in rigid pavement .


Article
Effect of Dust in some Blood parameters and level of some Heavy metal in Blood serum of male Rats
تأثير الغبار في بعض المعايير الدمية ومستوى بعض المعادن الثقيلة في مصل دم ذكور الجرذان

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to investigate the effect of dust air in some physiological parameters (Red blood cell counts RBC, Hemoglobin determination Hb, Packet cell PCV, Platelets PLT, Mean corpuscles volume MCV, Mean corpuscles hemoglobin MCH, Mean corpuscles hemoglobin concentration MCHC, White blood cell counts WBC, Lymphocyte , Granulocyte, Monocyte ,Free Iron Fe, Copper Cu, Lead Pb,Cadmium Cd) and estimated the concentration of heavy metals in sample of soil particles which collected from street dust from services and dwelling street in the second municipal sector in Karbala city. Twenty adult males rats were randomly divided into two groups (10/group) for one and two months, the first group was served as control group , second group was exposed to dust air pollution , and killed five animals randomly after thirty days ,and other five animals continued until the end of the experiment after sixty days .The results of this study were:- Showed significant increase(P≤0.05)in RBC,Hb,PCV,PLT.when compared with control group. Showed significant decrease(P≤0.05) in MCV and non significant decrease was observed in MCH in one and two months exposure ,and Showed significant increase (P≤0.05)in MCHC after sixty days. when compared with control group. Significant increase (P≤0.05) was observed in WBC, Lymphocyte, Granulocyte, Monocyte, after thirty days and Showed significant decrease(P≤0.05) WBC, Lymphocyte, and non significant decrease was observed in Granulocyte, Monocyte. In compare with control group. significant decrease(P≤0.05) in Fe, Cu, levels and significant increase(P≤0.05) in Pb, Cd levels in blood serum for one and two months exposure when compared with control group. After dust sample analysed find (Pb, Fe, Cd,Cu) and other elements determined by X-Ray Fulorescence .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
(The bank's commitment to provide financial credit information)(Comparative Study)
التزام المصرف بتقديم معلومات الائتمان المالي (دراسة مقارنة)

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الخلاصة

The Bank's commitment to provide financial credit information of modern banking services because of the importance of this information to help the student information to make good decision , whether related to trade , for example , investment or other . Since the banks combine to have a lot of information for customers and third parties dealing with them, and that this information today are associated with different aspects of life and represent a pillar of human activity economic , social and allows machine decision- making in all areas almost. Adding that such information constitutes a raw material to the bank like any owes another , this information enables it to learn the fate of the money taken believe it and in the end, his income private and therefore continuity. And the bank's commitment to provide information of financial credit may have originated the contract signed by student information and the bank , in which case the source of this commitment is the source contractual direct , has committed the bank to provide such information as a result of its commitment to hold another bank as a contract loan holding bank account , for example ,here is the source this is the source of contractual obligation accessory. The bank is obliged to provide financial credit information as a result of existence of legal texts require it to provide that information , and this is what is stated in article (51) of the banking act of the new Iraqi no.(94) for the year 2004 .here , the source of the obligation is the law. And the bank's commitment to provide financial credit information represents an exception to the general rule requiring non access to customer accounts . This exception is increasing as a result give the laws and regulations of certain regulatory bodies eligibility in principle in the poll on the secrets of individuals . This service is like any other banking service carried out by the bank, whether for a private sector or the public sector , has been provided by the bank for specific commission or provided free of charge to attract customers. Perhaps the biggest advantages of this service is the possibility of its contribution to ensure the health of the path of the banking system in a direct function as a distributor of credit in addition to its responsibility to support confidence in the handling and clearance of economic activity in general and trade in particular images of abuse suffered by credit market severely damaged , and as such ,the provision of information financial credit best interest of the credit and the overall economy

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study on changes some metabolites composition of ovarian follicular fluid in relation to follicular size in local Buffaloes
دراسة التغيرات في بعض المركبات الأيضية في السائل الجريبي المبيضي وعلاقتها بحجم الجريبة في الجاموس المحلي

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study was to estimate the some metabolites composition of ovarian follicular fluid from different sized follicles and it's relationship with follicular size in local buffaloes. Ovaries were collected (80 ovary) from 40 non-pregnant female buffaloes which slaughtered at abattoirs of province of Babylon during the period from March to August 2014. The ovaries were transported to the laboratory within 2 hours post slaughter. Follicular fluid was aspirited from small (3-5mm), medium (6-10mm) and large (11-20mm) follicles and stored at -5ºC prior to assay. The follicular fluid samples were analyzed for glucose, total protein, triglycerides and total cholesterol, , and, using commercially available kits. The result showed that the mean concentration of cholesterol and glucose in follicular fluid of large follicles were significantly higher (P<0.05) than the follicular fluid in small follicles. While the mean concentration of triglycerides and total protein in ovarian follicular fluid of large follicles were significantly lower (P<0.05) than follicular fluid in small follicles.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of dietary supplementation with different level of lycopene on some serum biochemical traits for males of local Geese.
تاثير اضافة الليكوبين الى العليقة على بعض الصفات الكيموحيوية لمصل دم ذكور الوز المحلي.

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the poultry farm for department of Animal Resource, College of Agriculture at University of Baghdad during the period from 20/10/2013 to 28/3/2014. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with different level of lycopene on some serum biochemical traits for males of local geese. A total of 24 local geese males in two years old were used in this study. The geese were randomly distributed in to four treatments groups, each group consisted of 6 birds. Birds were fed during the whole period on diet contain 15.2 % crude protein and 2927.3 Kcal metabolic energy / kg. Lycopene was added to the diets of birds at the beginning till the end of experiment period. The birds were reared in single separated cages during the experiment period. groups were as following: Treatment 1(T0) birds fed diet without any addition of lycopene (control group) , Treatment 2 (T300) birds fed diet supplemented with 300 mg lycopene / Kg of diet ,Treatment 3(T600) birds fed diet supplemented with 600 mg lycopene / Kg of diet, Treatment 4(T900) birds fed diet supplemented with 900mg lycopene/Kg of diet. Results revealed that dietary supplementation with different levels of lycopene resulted in: Significant improvement regarding blood serum traits like concentrations of glucose, protein, cholesterol and triglycerides (TG).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Studying the linear and non- linear optical properties of olive oil by using z- Scan technology
دراسة الخصائص البصرية الخطية واللاخطية لزيت الزيتون باستخدام تقنية المسح الضوئي

المؤلفون: M.Rajaa Hussien Abd Ali
الصفحات: 219-228
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الخلاصة

This Research presents a new study suggesting photonic laser applications. The material which is used olive oil that can be classified as an organic compound having non- linear properties. Such properties are not found in the other materials only by storing the material; it has become possible to be used in the photonic applications where high resolution sample was used of olive oil has wavelength (632 nm) with apower of (2 mw). After taking sample of pure olive oil, the linear optic,a properties such as penetration absorption, emission energies gapanddielectric constant real and imaginary partially (r)&(εi (and study liner refractory coefficient as well also studying property of fluorescence of olive oil and then studying the optic non- linear properties denoted by non- linear refractive coefficient and non- linear absorption coefficient. This is conducted Z-scan technology.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
OPPOSING DIODES IN THE QURANIC TEXT
الثنائيات المتضادة في النص القراني اصحاب اليمين , اصحاب الشمال

المؤلفون: حازم فاضل محمد البارز العبودي
الصفحات: 225-233
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الخلاصة

Diodes is a feature of life , it is very common in the linguistic discourse generally and in literature particularly , so the study of diodes is a scientific , literary and critical necessity , in order to know the limits of its formation within the text , and the degree of it's presences in it , and it's impact to achieve the meaning and the idea of which to be delivered to recipient , then it's influence on the creation of the text it's meaning . We intended to put OPPOSING DIODES in the QURANIC TEXT right owner , the owners of the north , as a little of this study off which is divided into a prefix , two researches , ending and a list of references ; In the prefix , the research looked into the diode {those on the right , the owner of the north } as an initial search rooting which serves as an introduction to the search od diodes in the Quran text , so that the first section came with bi-titled (faith , disbelieve ) and (goodness , evilness) while the second section was bi-titled as (paradise , fire) and ( hope , despair) . After that , the study finish with the ending that disclose the finding and a list that l have adopted to achieve a comprehension study . These Diodes in the Quran text are the link between two parties that share an antagonism relationship which effects the meaning and the depth of significances , so all together form a special infrastructure that shines within the text and the interpretation of different meaning through the ability to stir the reader is mind to move from one level to another in the text , and the text of Quran uses diodes as a way to make everything seem familiar in the life is subject to perception and thinking and awareness .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
COMPATIBILITY OF USE THE BIO-FORMULATION OF THE FUNGUS Beauveria bassiana (Bals.)Vuill.AND WASHING POWDER ( SOAP ) AND SUMMER OIL IN CONTROL SOME STAGE OF CITRUS MEALYBUG Planococcus citri Risso (Hemiptera :Pseudococcidae ) IN LABORATORY
التوافق في أستخدام المستحضر الحيوي للفطرBeauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. ومسحوق الغسيل والزيت الصيفي في مكافحة بعض أدوار بق الحمضيات الدقيقي Planococcus citri Risso (Hemiptera :Pseudococcidae) في المختبر

المؤلفون: سحر محسن صالح الخفاجي
الصفحات: 226-233
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الخلاصة

The laboratory Study on different concentrations of Beauveria bassiana preparations (bio-formulation ) ,Soap and summer oil on the2nd nymphal instar of mealybug P.citri showed that the percentage of cumulative mortality treated with highest concentrations (6g,4g,3ml/L) were reached 46.0, 37.3, 65.7 % respectively. While the percentage were 14.3, 26.7 , 58.7. when the law concentrations ( 4g,2g,2ml /L) were used after 24 days of treatment respectively.However, summer oil used in two concentrations showed significant differences among treatments . The results also show the presence of significant differences between the high and law concentration to each substance was used. The percentage of cumulative mortalitiy of adult treatments with highest conc. ( 6g ,4g ,3ml / L ) were reached 31.0 , 46.7 , 68.0 % respectively. While it was 12.3 , 25.0 , 55.3 % when the law conc.were used after 24 days of treatment respectively .Also the summer oil showed significant differences among the three substances with both conc.When the 2nd nymphal instar and adult treated with mixture of three substances of high conc.were significantly higher than other treatments,where the percentage of cumulative mortalitiy were 91.3, 73.3 % after24days of treatment respectively

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of probiotic fermented supplementation on egg quality in Cotornix Japonica
تأثير أضافة المعزز الحيوي المخمر في نوعية البيض لدى طائر السمان (Cotornix Japonica)

المؤلفون: Hamood Kh. AL-Janabi
الصفحات: 229-235
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at Poultry Farm of Animal Resources Dept. College of Agriculture ,University of Baghdad to investigate the effects of probiotic fermented supplementation on egg quality in Cotornix Japonica (No. 160 female, 24 wk old, period 1/1/2014 to 31/3/2014). The effect of four treatments (0, 25, 50 and75 % probioptic fermented ) , were evenly distributed to 4 groups with two replicates containing (20 birds in each replicate). Increase of egg yolk weight was not significant (P>0.05) in first , second and third week, had significant effect on egg yolk weight from fourth week to eight week (P<0.05). Although addition of probiotic had significant effect (P<0.05) on egg yolk high in 1 , 2 , 4 , 5 , 7 and 8 week, had no significant effect (P>0.05) in 3 , 4 and 6 week, although addition of probiotic had significant effect (P<0.05) on egg albumin weight, the increase of egg albumin weight with increase of probiotic, these were expected which have already been reported. Although addition of probiotic had significant effect (P<0.05) on egg albumin high, the increase of egg albumin high with increase of probiotic. Statistically not significant effect (P>0.05) addition of probiotic on shell weight. Although addition of probiotic had significant effect (P<0.05) on Haugh unit, the increase of Haugh unit with increase of probiotic. Supplementation of probiotic fermented to the diet of quail breeders improved egg quality (yolk , albumin and haugh unit).


Article
Effect of Spraying With Gibberellic and Liquorices Extract and Their Interaction on Some Growth Characteristics and Yield Components of Trigonella foenum–graecum L. ( Indian Varity ).
تأثير الرش بالجبرليك ومستخلص عرق السوس وتداخلهما في بعض مؤشرات النمو ومكونات حاصل نبات الحلبة Trigonella foenum - graecum L. ( الصنف الهندي )

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in private nursery in Baghdad governorate during the growing season of 2013 –2014 to study the effect of three concentrations of GA3 ( 0 , 100 and 200 mg.l-1 ) and three concentrations of liquorices extract ( 0 , 2 and 4 g.l-1 ) and their interactions on growth of fenugreek plant ( Indian Varity ). This experiment was conducted in as a factorial experiment , Complete Randomized Block Design ( R.C.B.D.) with three replicates. Results indicated that plants treated with concentrations of 100 mg.l-1 GA3 and 4 g.l-1 liquorices extract and their interactions showed the highest values of all measured parameters. Significantly increased dry weight, pod number and length , fresh weight of pods , number of seeds / pod and number of seeds in plant compared with control plants .


Article
Conjunctive Use Modeling of Surface Water and Groundwater in The Jolak Basin , North Iraq
نمذجة الاستخدام المشترك للمياه السطحية والمياه الجوفية في العراق

المؤلفون: Ibtesam R. Kareem
الصفحات: 236-246
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الخلاصة

This study contributes to the understanding of the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater models of the Jolak basin (in the northern part of Kirkuk city, north Iraq) ,with an area of 400 square-kilometers . The first stage of this work was to collect a dataset to characterize the surface and groundwater . Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) and the Groundwater Modeling System(GMS) were adjusted in an interactive manner. In SWAT, a basin to be modeled is divided into multiple sub basins that consist of a homogeneous land use, ground slope, and soil characteristics. Land use map which was developed by Digital elevation model (DEM), that describes the elevation of any point in a given area at a specific spatial resolution, identifies the deferent classifications of land use. Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number method was chosen to estimate the surface runoff. The produced runoff volume was suggested to be stored in the several ponds and conveyed to the underground reservoir in order to use it with conjunction of ground water during drought seasons. SWAT modeling of the groundwater is extremely simplified, so the Groundwater Model System(GMS) was employed to specifically describe the groundwater processes. This model interpreted the available groundwater levels, which is not possible with the used of SWAT. The study suggested using several wells (which already exist in the study area) to be operate at a constant rate in order to divert the stored surface water in to groundwater. The annual average runoff overall the basin is estimated to be about 1.5×108 m3. This value is suggested to be conveyed to ground water through exiting pumping wells. The results showed that the ground water levels in basin can be raised with about 2m at the middle of the study area from its present level after the steady state condition is reached.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Impact of Degree of Finesse Sand on the Density and Compressive Strength of Thrmeston
تأثير درجة نعومة الرمل على الكثافة ومقاومة الانضغاط للثرمستون

المؤلفون: مهند مهدي صالح
الصفحات: 241-249
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الخلاصة

The light weigh concrete (Thermiston) have wide uses in the recent building and structures . Mixing (Cement , lime , Sand) together with Aluminum powder have been create the thermiston material. This paper study to find out the impact of the fineness of sand on both of the density and the compressive strength for the thermiston material . this study was used six degree of sand (48 , 52 , 58 , 60 , 64 , 68) to get (36) samples which crated a cubical shape (100×100×100) mm3 ، six samples from each degree. The laboratory examination indicated that the density is between (0.69 - 0.75) g /cm3 and the compressive strength is between (0.40 - 8.21) N /mm2 . The final results ensured that There is no effect for the finesse of sand on thermistons density , but there is effect on compressive strength , whenever more finesse degree of sand more compressive strength.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
NONLINEAR FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE SLABS UNDER IMPACT LOADS
التحليل اللاخطي بطريقة العناصر المحددة للبلاطات الخرسانية المسلحة تحت الاحمال الصدمية

المؤلفون: Adnan Falih Ali --- Ali Ghanim Abbas AL-Khafaji
الصفحات: 247-269
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الخلاصة

This study presents the theoretical study of the nonlinear behavior of reinforced concrete slabs subjected to impact loads . The nonlinear finite element analysis adopted by ANSYS software were used in this study. Concrete was simulated by eight-node isoparametric brick elements ( SOLID 65 ) since this element is capable to model cracking and crushing of concrete while steel reinforcing bars were modeled by a three dimensional spar element ( LINK 8 ) which has two nodes with three degrees of freedom identical to those of the ( SOLID 65 ). The effect of reinforcement ratio, dimensions of slabs and support conditions of the slab were studied too. In dynamic analysis, load-time history , deflection-time relation , and stress-time relation were investigated. Crack patterns were also explained. The central deflections of the slabs under impact were found to become smaller as the tensile reinforcing steel ratio increases, but the rate of the decreases in the deflection is less for high steel reinforcement ratio (1.77 %). Also, those deflections were found to be oscillatory in nature but not in-phase with the applied load. However clamping edges of the slabs results in larger oscillation frequencies as compared to the case of simple supports. Finally , this study showed that, the maximum central deflection of the slabs becomes larger by ( 20 – 45 % ) as the span of the slab increases by ( 60 – 125 % ) .

الكلمات الدلالية

impact loading --- finite element --- reinforced concrete --- slabs


Article
Some integral types for control the root rot disease of Eggplant caused by Fusarium solani
بعض أوجه التكامل في مكافحة مرض تعفن جذور الباذنجان المتسبب عن الفطر Fusarium solani

المؤلفون: عُلا هادي جعفر
الصفحات: 250-256
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to isolate and to diagnose the cause of pathological root rot eggplant from different regions in the province of Karbala and disclosure of its Isolates nurse using cress seeds . and evaluate the efficiency of the chemical pesticide Beltanol factor forcing SA bio fungus T.harzianum to combat the pathogen under conditions of the plastic house and showed insulation results laboratory and the presence of pathogens Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium solani in the roots of eggplant plants. have fungus F. solani was repeated in all regions surveyed either fungus R.solani has appeared in isolates regions Albahadria and Sharia and showed the estimated test pathogenicity results beyond isolated Albahadria area in the events of the highest percentage reduction of germination in cress seeds, amounting to 24.44% compared to the treatment of the comparison, which was the percentage of germination by 93.33%, followed by isolation of Sharia area and isolation Alaboubiat area as the results showed that the use of chemical pesticide Beltanol concentration of 1 ml / to lie led to the inhibition of the entire fungus F.solani the medium PDA also achieved bio-fungus T.harzianum high ability Tdhadah against fungus F. solani on the medium PDA . The results showed that the plastic house Beltanol pesticide treatment achieved the highest percentage reduction in the severity of the injury as root amounted to 16.66%, followed by treatment of the use of bio-fungus T.harzianum Alsalcelik acid with which the severity of the injury which amounted to 25% and then the treatment of bio fungus which was T. harzianum rate the severity of the injury, then the treatment of 33.33% SA concentration of 1 mmol and the severity of the injury, which was 41.66% compared to the treatment of fungus F. solani alone that the severity of injury was 75%.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Iraqi Bentonite granules addition on physical characteristics for polystyrene
تأثير إضافة دقائق البنتونايت العراقي على الخصائص الفيزياوية للبولي ستايرين

المؤلفون: وسن كامل حسن
الصفحات: 257-270
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الخلاصة

Stydy in this research some of physical characterristics (bulk density , volume shrinkage , apparent porosity , water absorption , absorption , transmission , absorbance coefficient, extinct coefficient, refractive index , real and imaginary part of dielectric constant) for different percentages from Iraqi bentonite clay as a filler material for polystyrene polymer . Bentonite clay was prepared as a powder for partical size (75µm) after that surfactant of bentonite have been done on them by using poly vinyl alcohol and hybrid by adding quarternary ammonium compound to contract (hybrid clay) able to react with dissolved polystyrene in toluene. Experimentally, it was found through the measurement for samples , increasing of bentonite percentage lead to increasing of (bulk density , volume shrinkage) . also increasing of bentonite percentage lead to decreasing of (apparent porosity , water absorption) . The optical properties it was found that the values of the transmission and absorption coefficient for the prepared samples hare increased where as values the other optical properties hare decreased for polymer composite

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Castor Oil
دراسة الخصائص البصرية الخطية واللاخطية لزيت الخروع

المؤلفون: Hind K. Abbas
الصفحات: 270-277
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الخلاصة

In this paper the nonlinear and linear optical properties of castor oil have been found, using a highly sensitive method known as Z-scan technique, experiment was performed depending on He-Ne laser of wave length (632.8 nm). The first part has been done using a closed aperture placed in front of the detector to measure the nonlinear refractive index of castor oil which is found (-4.5×10-3cm2 /mw) at the employed wavelength. The second part also was done using an open aperture to measure the nonlinear absorption coefficient which was found its value (59.99 cm /mw) ,the linear refractive index was evaluated using a simple technique convergence lens and plane mirror.

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Article
Survey and diagnostic insect parasites that infect the pupa of house flies Musca domestica Linn. (Diptera:Muscidae) in some region of Karbala
مسح و تشخيص المتطفلات الحشرية التي تصيب عذارى الذباب المنزلي Musca domestica Linn. (Diptera:Muscidae) في بعض مناطق محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

The research aims to scan and diagnose parasites that infect pupa houseflies Musca domestica L. in some areas of the province of Karbala Governorate for the duration of the first of December 2013 until the end of June 2014 in each of the Husseiniya region , Al-Hur, Khan Al-Robaa , Alsoadh and Sharia.The samples were collected from pupa houseflies from poultry waste and piles of accumulated waste and was putting all pupa within the gelatin capsule until the its emergence for adult parasites, and classified as a external parasite (ectoparaste), taxonomic keys will designed to diagnosis.A completely adult parasites were described in this study to all parts of the body morphometric through figure and illustrations. Four Species from within three Genous were recorded during this study and they were: Muscidifurax raptor, Nasonia vitripennis, Spalangia endius, Spalangia nigroaenea belonging to the family pteromalidae: Hymenoptera Order. The results showed that the highest value of the degree distribution of species members (Evenness) was Spalangia endius, and amounting to (0.60), while the lowest value reached to (0.13) in the Nasonia vitripennis, and the total percentage of parasitism was 7%. The results showed that the highest value for the ratio of the availability of the species (Richness) reached at 1.6% in the Khan Al-Robaa region. The lowest value 0.83% was recorded in Husseiniay and Alsoadh regions.

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Article
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE RADIANT CEILING COOLING SYSTEM•
دراسة تجريبية لمنظومة تبريد مشعة سقفية

المؤلفون: Ahmad Kassem Mohammed --- A. Amir A. Zahra A. R --- Ali Fadel Hassan
الصفحات: 278-291
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الخلاصة

Due to intensive use of energy, with a decline in natural resources, view of the CFCs damage on ozone layers and an increase in fuel costs, it has become important to find methods of reducing energy consumption and finding alternative energy sources. Radiant cooling system is a tool used to achieve these benefits, while maintaining acceptable thermal comfort conditions. The main aim of the present study is to test radiant cooling ceiling system in Iraq climate established in a typical office focusing on occupant’s thermal comfort. A theoretical model has been developed to predict the panel temperature, the interior surface temperatures of the office and heat output for radiant cooling panel systems. To validate the theoretical model, an experimental work was performed on radiant panels of, (6.2X4.6X3)m full-scale office room was utilized in Technical Institute of Karbala. The systems are constructed from 77 plates at a 0.05-mm-thick aluminum sheet with dimensions of (60×60) cm, in which the plates cover whole the ceiling and are cooled with water circulating through (1/2) inch copper tube. The cooled water achieved from the well that manually drilling near the test room at dimensions are (15) cm in diameter and at (6) m depth. Ventilation fan with two cooling coils that was used to maintains acceptable indoor air quality by supplying fresh, filtered air. The study shows, the radiant cooling system can be applied for Iraqi buildings under the tropical climate and that approximately 71% energy saving can be obtained. As the inside temperature of the walls surface has a great effect on the thermal comfort of persons in the conditioned space, the radiant system succeeded in making the differences between the mean radiant temperature and room air temperature is 2oC and between the room air temperature and radiant surface temperature is 5oC and the values of PMV-PPD were used to examine thermal comfort and found that the use of radiant cooling system is appropriate for creating comfortable indoor conditions. The study shows also that effective usage of renewable energy sources that provides economic and environmental benefits.

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Article
Isolation of Fungi on the House Fly, Musca domestica L.(Diptera: Muscidae), Body Surface in Karbala and Thi-qar provinces, Iraq
عزل وتشخيص الفطريات من السطح الخارجي لحشرة الذباب المنزلي L) Diptera: Muscidae. (Musca domesticaفي كربلاء وذي قار

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الخلاصة

A study was conducted at the Department of Plant Protection-University of Karbala to isolate and identify of the fungi associated with house fly (Musca domestica L). Results showed that six fungi belonged to four genera. The Aspergillus niger fungus gave the highest presence that was reached to 39.06% and 55.55%, among the other fungi, in Karbala and Thi-qar provinces, respectively, followed by the other fungi Aspergillus flavus ، Penicillium sp، Entomophthora sp ، Mucor sp ،and Aspergillus terreus was 23.43,14.06,9.37,7.18,6.25%,respectively in the isolates obtained from Karbala province. While, the isolates obtained from Thi-qar province gave the percentages of the Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus (55.55,44.44%) respectively .The study showed that the percentage of mortality of the adults house fly reached to 82.4% when spraied with fungal filterate of Aspergillus niger and Entomophthora sp in Karbala province , and there was no different after 72 hours from the treatment , while Aspergillus niger that isolated from Thi-qar provinces caused mortality of the adults house fly 77.3% after 72 hours from the treatment.

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Article
Effect of sodium benzoate in the level of thyroid stimulating hormone and the level of thyroxin hormone in mature albino male rats
تأثير بنزوات الصوديوم في مستوى الهرمون المحفز للدرقية ومستوى هرمون الثايروكسين في ذكور الجرذان الألبينو البالغة

المؤلفون: أسيل نجاح صبر --- احسان ريسان ابراهيم
الصفحات: 295-299
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted in the animal house of Education college,University of Al-Qadisiyah during the month of October in order to study the effect of sodium benzoate on the levels of certain biochemical parameters in adult albino male rats with three months old, The results of the orally treatment of mature albino male rats with three different concentrations of sodium benzoate (50, 100, 200) mg/kg for three different durations( one, two and three)week were showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the levels of the thyroid stimulating hormone and thyroxine in both 100 mg/kg (G2) and 200 mg/kg (G3) groups during two weeks duration of treatment also in the 50 mg/kg (G1),G2,and G3 groups during three weeks duration of treatment in comparison with control groups. The comparison between durations of each treatment was shown that the levels of both thyroid stimulating hormone and thyroxine were significantly decreased (P<0.05) during three weeks duration in comparison with one weak duration of treatment in G3 group .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of sodium benzoate in levels of some biochemical parameters in mature albino male rats
تأثير بنزوات الصوديوم في مستويات بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية في ذكور الجرذان الألبينو البالغة

المؤلفون: أسيل نجاح صبر --- احسان ريسان ابراهيم
الصفحات: 300-306
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted in the animal house of Education college, University of Al-Qadisiyah during the month of October in order to study the effect of sodium benzoate on the levels of certain biochemical parameters in adult albino male rats with three months old, The orally treatment of mature albino male rats with three different concentrations of sodium benzoate (50, 100, 200) mg/kg for three different durations( one, two and three)week were lead to a significant increase (P<0.05) in the levels of ALT and AST enzymes in the 50 mg/kg (G1), 100mg/kg(G2) and 200mg/kg(G3) groups during each period of experiment in comparison with control groups. The comparison between durations for each treatment was showed that the level of ALT was significantly increased (P<0.05) during two and three weeks of treatment in comparison with on week in the G1,G2 and G3 groups, the level of AST was also increased significantly (P<0.05) during three weeks of treatment in G1and during two and three weeks of treatment in both G2 and G3.The results was also showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in the level of total bilirubin in G1group during one week of treatment and in the G1,G2 and G3 groups during two and three weeks of treatment in comparison with control groups. The comparison between durations was showed that the level of total bilirubin was significantly increased (P<0.05) during three weeks of treatment in G1and during two and three weeks of treatment in both G2 and G3.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF WHOLE CRUSHED BLACK SEED POWDER (NIGELLA SATIVA) AND OIL EXTRACTED PROPOILS WITH THEIR SYNERGISM ON THE IMMUNE SYSTEM OF BROILERS.
تأثير مسحوق بذور الحبة السوداء والمستخلص الزيتي للبروبولس وتآزرهما في الحالة المناعية لفروج اللحم

المؤلفون: مجيد علي فهد --- حيدر فلاح عوده العميدي
الصفحات: 307-314
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الخلاصة

The research was conducted to investigate the effect of black seeds powder and oil extracted propoils with their synergestic effect on the level of the antibody titers of Avian influenza (AI) , Infections bronchitis (IB), Newcastle Disease (ND)GD) in broilers.A total of 320 , one day old chicks were used )and Gumobro Diseasein the experiment , those chicks were randomly allocated in to 8 equal treatment and each treatment included 2 equal replicates . chickens in all treatments were fed on different rations . the first treatment were fed on an ordinary ration with out any addition ( control ) where as , T2, T3 and T4 were fed on the same ordinary ration aften addition of oil extracted propoils 100 ,200 and 300 mg/ kg for each respectively. T5 were fed on the same ordinary diet after addition of black seeds powder 1% T6 , T7 and T8 were fed on the same diet of T2 ,T3 and T4 respectively after addition of black seeds powder 1% for each of them . Results indicated that synergestic effect of black seeds powder with oil extracted propoils led to a high significant effect (P<0.01) on antibody titers against AI , IB , ND , and GD at 21 and 42 days of chicks ages .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Internal Marketing and Quality of Service and their impact on achievement of customer satisfaction An Exploratory study of the Private banks in Karbala
التسويق الداخلي وجودة الخدمة وتأثيرهما في تحقيق رضا الزبون دراسة استطلاعية للمصارف الاهلية في كربلاء

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الخلاصة

The current variables of the study has been Interacted , in order to represent the intellectually framework that can be expressed through the following terms (Internal marketing, service quality and their impact on the achievement of customer satisfaction ). The first independent variable "internal marketing"is Included the following variables( the policy of selection and appointment, training and development , publishing marketing information , enabling employees ) , and it has been expressed about the second independent variable " service quality " , through the following dimensions (dependability , responsiveness, the assurance , the confidence , tangibility , Eligibility , understanding the customer , ease to access and the contacts ) , It also has been adopted five indicators for the dependable variable " customer satisfaction " as following (the safety , the obtain information , the choices , listen to the opinion , differentiation in products and services). Therefore , as a result of the importance of private banks in the process of support and development the national economy , the author performed the practical aspect of study in these banks, and was obtained on the necessary information via questionnaire, which has been used for this purpose and been distributed to the sample which divided into (74) director , workers and (65) customers .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Internal Marketing and Quality of Service and their impact on achievement of customer satisfaction An Exploratory study of the Private banks in Karbala
التسويق الداخلي وجودة الخدمة وتأثيرهما في تحقيق رضا الزبون دراسة استطلاعية للمصارف الاهلية في كربلاء

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الخلاصة

The current variables of the study has been Interacted , in order to represent the intellectually framework that can be expressed through the following terms (Internal marketing, service quality and their impact on the achievement of customer satisfaction ). The first independent variable "internal marketing"is Included the following variables( the policy of selection and appointment, training and development , publishing marketing information , enabling employees ) , and it has been expressed about the second independent variable " service quality " , through the following dimensions (dependability , responsiveness, the assurance , the confidence , tangibility , Eligibility , understanding the customer , ease to access and the contacts ) , It also has been adopted five indicators for the dependable variable " customer satisfaction " as following (the safety , the obtain information , the choices , listen to the opinion , differentiation in products and services). Therefore , as a result of the importance of private banks in the process of support and development the national economy , the author performed the practical aspect of study in these banks, and was obtained on the necessary information via questionnaire, which has been used for this purpose and been distributed to the sample which divided into (74) director , workers and (65) customers .

الكلمات الدلالية

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