Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2015 volume:2 issue:212

Article
The development of inner speech in children with ages ( 6 , 7 , 9 , 11 , 12)years
تطور الحديث الداخلي بالأعمار (6- 12) سنة

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Abstract

The present study aimed know the degree of internal speech with ages ( 6.7 , 9 and 11.12 years .And the significance of the statistical differences in the degree of internal speech depending on the variables of age, sex, and to achieve the goals of research, after reviewing the literature and previous studies have been prepared in the search tool according to the theory of Vygotsky and formed the search tool from a series of questions (14 ) Q & important task of the library and the task of the book and after each task asks the child a set of questions about thinking and internal speech has been provided some of the questions at the beginning of training on activities that can be performed by human activities that can not do and used the feedback with some of the questions , while questions about the internal speech was without feedback, the researchers extracted the psychometric properties of the instrument was extraction of validity and reliability has reached ( 80.0 ) , (88.0 ) on the sequence , results showed that the modern interior is composed at the age of 7 years. , and pointed out the results of analysis of variance duo to the presence of traces of life in the evolution of internal speech any that modern interior takes a path evolutionary . results indicated no differences in the internal speech variable according to sex and that the children's knowledge of internal speech evolve progress in age, the study came out a set of recommendations and proposals

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Article
Rationalize destractive impulses in humans
عقلنة الدوافع التدميرية عند الانسان حلول ايرك فروم

Pages: 53-78
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Abstract

We talking about the destructiveness. lasso dealt with the philosopher humanitarian and Psychologist Erich from through a Combination of Psychology and Philosophy of humanism and Purpose of this was to overcome the destructiveness through rationalization , either the main goal of all this was to reach the community in favor of humans can live in Peace and Safety of a just society healthy .

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Article
أثر أسلوب التهيئة الحافزة في اكتساب المفاهيم البلاغية عند طالبات الصف الخامس الاعدادي

Authors: م.د. بيمان جلال أحمد
Pages: 79-114
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Abstract

The implementation of teaching the second major phase of the three phases of the teaching system in stages of teaching, and the importance lies in the fact that this stage requires the teacher to do many of the procedures and methods of complex skills. The one who is the incentive configuration first display lesson and delivering on the learners 'skills, but this teacher and the learner has acquired a teaching trip, and requires the teacher to create the students before the start of a new lesson in order to develop their minds and stir their senses, and target incentive configuration to focus students' attention on the topic of the lesson and so righteous motivation they have, and to provide students with the information content of this lesson

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Article
The Impact of Modulation Style Extinguish Negative in Reducing Social Exclusion for the Widows
اثر أسلوب إطفاء التحوير السلبي في خفض الاستبعاد الاجتماعي لدى الأرامل

Authors: م .د نادرة جميل حمد
Pages: 115-160
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Abstract

The widows of the woman most exposed to stress and traumatic events, because the husband represents the force that is based upon the wife in the exercise of her life all this leads to psychological damage affect them a starting point for many mental disorders, so the goal of current research to know the level of social exclusion and building program and counseling know the effect of the counseling program in reducing social exclusion, so the researcher used the scale Alttiara 2011 extracted validity and reliability to him and extracted item discrimination and statistical methods used by the researcher is testing Mann Whitney and chi square test and T- test samples for one sample and the use of the bag statistical Spss well as the researcher has built a counseling program in a Modulation style extinguish negative for Beck consists of 10 sessions for 45 minutes session on women, widows, and the researcher found that the effect of extension of the program to reduce social exclusion among widows and reached a number of recommendations and proposal

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Article
اثر استعمال مهارات التفكير المنظومي في تحصيل مادة البلاغة للمرحلة الاعدادية

Authors: م.د. زينة سالم محيي
Pages: 161-186
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Abstract

This study aimed to know the effect of using the Systematic Thinking Skills in the collection of the fifth grade students in the eloquence subject. This study was performed in Al-Ma’amoon School for girls to be the field to apply the experience of the study. The sample consisted of (59) female students (29) students in the experimental group, (30) students in the standard group the Systematic Thinking Skills for the experimental group and the traditional way (standard) for the standard groupA statically comparison has been made by using T-Test in the following variables (age and the marks of Arabic language marks of the mid-year exam) and Kai Square in the parents education achievement. The researcher prepared and tested a collective dimensional test which is a multiple choices (30) itemsAnd the researcher treated her data statistically by using: T- Test. Test (Ka 2) Kai-square, and the equation of coefficient difficulty and the equation of the power of distinction and the effectiveness of wrong alternatives and kuder-richardson k.r-20. And the most important findings of the study is the presence of significant statistical difference a between the two groups, the experimental and the standard in variable collection for the benefit of the experimental group. Theresearcher recommended several proposals and recommendations.

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Article
The Cultural and Behavioral Problems for Primary Stage Pupils (An Anthropology Research in Some School in Baghdad)
المشكلات الثقافية والسلوكية لتلاميذ المرحلة الابتدائية بحث انثروبولوجي لبعض مدارس بغداد الابتدائية

Authors: م.د. علي حسين حطيم
Pages: 187-208
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Abstract

the cultural and behavioral problems for primary stage pupils is regarded as one of the most important themes which acquired the attention of the concerned in the field of education and the attention of these studies in the education process. The problems for primary stage pupils includes the phenomenon of dropping from school which happen to many students at this stage. The research includes the following points: 1- An introduction that includes a summary of the educational process and childhood and its relation to child rearing. 2- The General framework which includes the problem, importance in addition to the objective. 3- The Cultural problems for Primary Stage Pupils - The problem of cultural care of pupils in schools. - The problem of inter pupils relationships. - The problem of teacher - pupils relationships. - The difficulties faced by pupils in school. 4- The behavioral problems includes: - Intelligence and cultural environment. - Shyness of pupils. - The curricula which pupils tend to reject. - Phenomenon of dropping from school The results and recommendations which the researcher comes through.

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Article
اثر أنموذج بكستون في اكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية والاحتفاظ بها عند طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط

Authors: م.د محمد هاشم مونس
Pages: 209-242
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Abstract

The Present study aims at Finding out the (The effect Buxton Model in acquiring Geographical Concepts and Retaining them for Second intermediate class students ). A partial control experimental design with post test experimental control groups, The sample is deliberately selected from first AL-Rusafah Directorate General of Education in Baghdad. Intermediate school AL.khulfau AL.Rashedeen for boys is the assigned school for the experimental work. Two sections are randomly selected from the lst stage(B)is assigned as the experimental group where while (C)is assigned at the control group,. The total number of sample (67) male students distributed into (33) students in the experimental group and(34) students in the control group . The two groups are equalized in the following variables ; prior knowledge ,age , IQ, ,students scores in Geography on the previous academic year . Several external factors are controlled during the experiment. The teaching material is specified in three chapters selected from the prescribed textbook for the Second intermediate stage which is entitled for the academic year 2013 -2014 in Iraq Content analysis is done to identify the major and miner concepts which totaled (97) concepts .In the light of the concepts, behavioral objectives are formulated totaling(51) ones based on Blooms taxonomy on the following levels ;identifying, recognizing , applying.(40)lesson plans are prepared ,20 per group. and prepared test for acquiring geography concepts including (50) Test items, after three months ,at the end of the experimental work. T-test formula for two independent samples is used to process data and find out results . show the following; 1. There are statistically significant difference on a level of significance of (0,05) in acquiring geography concepts between the two groups in favour of the experimental group. 2. There are statistically significant difference on a level of significance of (0,05) in retaining geography concepts between the two groups in favour of the experimental group.

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Article
الهوية والإيديولوجية قراءة في مسارات الصراع وتطوراته

Authors: م.د. عادل ياسر ناصر
Pages: 243-268
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Abstract

Ideology and identification is one of the main and big subjects nowadays, especially after the ideology specified the ideology and main nationality identification existence by process which leads to Replacement and paddlefish of ideology existence rather than identification , while ideology makes so much efforts ( intellectual and beliefs efforts ) to solve century problems and presents mental and intellectual developments which characterized by realism in such disturbed and Dispersion world in political, social, economic factions and dominated by cases of conflict and chaos . Identification seeks to connect the individual similarities participating in the land, history and real affiliation, which tend to personal fulfillment of humanity in its social and cultural frame and confirms his affiliation root. But while that facing the impact of ideological conflict which aims to achieve an intellectual image and adopts cultures and ideas from another civilization might disagree with identification characteristics existence. Ideology trying to dismantling in all Civilization and national directions, as well as seeks to Skepticism of identification with its ideological features while the weakness of the Factors affiliation , the local organizations , National parties and Religious institutions and their branches in its special directions . Which lead to the disability of resists the ideological Invasion weather is was local, regional or global. But despites of the some ideologies presents humanitarian and reformative theses In different political shapes and frames still mainly defending to the Elements of existence which resulting the ideological conflict – identificational despite of that both of them have weakness in its Staff fundamental parts thus the ideology Remain to protect the benefits of the interests of the political elite and leaders while facing Cases of rejection and acceptance in social circles . Whereas the main nationality identification went through a conflict with sub-identification ,Sectarianism and loyalty instead of main identification or the national identification and from that description we can conclude that the conflicts and its pathways are continuous in such a world full of existence and hegemony and superiority .

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Article
تنمية مهارات عناصر الزخرفة النباتية لدى طلبة الصف الثاني متوسط في محافظة بغداد / الكرخ

Authors: م.د. محمد صبيح محمود
Pages: 269-290
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Abstract

Our age is characterized by being in age of scientific and technological revolution and the opening which resulted in many challenged that is characterized by the demographic exploration mad the rapid change which has inflicted all the classes of society. This technology has become an instrument for the comprehensive development for any educational system in the world resulting in the preparation of the developed curricula. Therefore, the thinking is regarded as one the development phenomena that is developed throughout age/ innovative thinking is regarded as one of the phenomena which the expert has affirmed in the educational and psychological Studies. The growing of the need for developing our mental abilities in the light of the tokens of the age rendered education having very big responsibilities for preparing students and enabling them to solve their problems in a logic manner. Then, it is necessary for a blending of the student's needs and their thinking of the material they study in order to reveal their interests. That could be done only through the adoption of modern methods of teaching and also via educational programs to be their thinking a means for solving. Through a survey study which the researcher has conducted in the Fine Art Institute for Girls morning classes, she found that some students are not familiar with the good thinking and the ability to solve their problem and they take decision that affect negatively their performance. Upon the above, the research aimed at: Building an instructional program the Printing Product by Using the Kufi Kairwan Calligraphy to develop innovative thinking. Measuring the effectiveness of the instructional program through experimenting on a sample of students of Printing Design- the Fine Art Institute for Girls In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the research posed (6) hypotheses to measure the level of cognitive acquisition in the Fine Art Institute. The numbers of students were (90) female students of which (20) were chosen randomly. The grouped into two groups (control and experimental)

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Article
The impact of the use of the cognitive map in the collection of material teaching methods for students of the Faculty of Fine Arts
اثر أستعمال الخريطة المعرفية في تحصيل مادة طرائق التدريس لطلبة كلية الفنون الجميلة

Authors: م.د. صلاح رهيف امير
Pages: 291-320
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Abstract

Abstract The present study aimed to - Effect of the cognitive map in the collection of material teaching methods. To achieve the aim of the research was the formulation of the null hypothesis of the following: 1 There are no statistically significant differences between the average scores of the experimental group students who are studying according to the cognitive map, and the average scores of the control group students who are studying under way in the collection of the usual methods of teaching material.     It reached the current research sample (80) students, the rate of (40) Talibautalbh the experimental group and (40) students of the control group .lam academic 2013-2014, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Baghdad To achieve the aim of the research were carried out as follows: - Building a test consists of a written dimensionally (20) paragraph probationary After confirming the veracity of the test and persistence and conducting statistical analysis needed.     Has been the use of a set of statistical means necessary, including Pearson correlation coefficient, and Chi-square, and the equation of the effectiveness of alternatives wrong, and samples t-test for two independent samples.       After processing the data showed a statistically significant result is as follows: no statistically significant difference in achievement test posttest for the experimental group and at a level of significance (0.05). In light of the findings of the researcher to develop a set of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.

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Article
Construction and application of a measure of hope among university students
بناء وتطبيق مقياس الأمل لدى طلبة الجامعة

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Abstract

The goal of current research into the construction and application of a measure of hope among a sample of students from the University of Baghdad and a volume of 200 students, including 106 students and 94 female students for the purpose of achieving the goal of the research, developed the researchers defined theoretically been drafting thirty paragraph to measure hope and verify the validity of paragraphs logically presented to a group of experts in educational and Psychological Sciences, and the percentage of agreement 85% for the purpose of analysis of the items of the scale and extraction characteristics Alsekoumtria have applied to the sample (200) students and extracted power discriminatory paragraphs style two extremes either ratified paragraph has been extracted through relationship paragraph college degree as well as has been verified psychometric properties of the scale through honesty two (virtual sincerity and genuineness construction) and consistency of the way through re-testing, and the ratio of stability (79%). In order to complete the current interest of the scale came out current research findings and recommendations and proposals.

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Article
Psychological Stress and Its Relation to Motivation for Work among Managers Kindergarten
الضغوط النفسية وعلاقتها بالدافعية نحو العمل لدى مديرات رياض الاطفال

Authors: م.م. رحاب حسين علي
Pages: 351-378
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Abstract

The method of modern life major source of psychological pressure as cause different forms of problems, psychological , physiological, social and job loss and other problems that affect the individual and therefore these problems affect the level of motivation of any be indirect loss resulting from the decline in motivation to work . Limited research on the principals of kindergartens in the city of Baghdad, for the academic year (2013-2014) sample consisted of (150 ) , director and confirmed the researcher of the existence of the problem through a questionnaire distributed to managers of kindergartens either research tools have the researcher to build two measures, measure of psychological pressure and a measure of motivation It is literature survey and previous studies and after subjecting them to the validity and reliability measures consisted A data Find finalized paragraph psychological pressure (f) of paragraph motivation and after analyzing the data statistically using the t- test and Pearson correlation coefficient was found:- 1- The directors of kindergartens have psychological pressure. 2- The directors of kindergartens have a high motivation toward their work. 3- There are no teams in years of service to managers of kindergartens for each of the psychological pressures. 4- There is a direct correlation between stress and motivation of managers kindergarten about their work. Keywords: - Psychological pressure, directors of kindergartens, motivation toward work

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Article
مقارنة إستراتيجيتي أيديال (IDEAL) وإستراتيجية دوره التعلم فوق المعرفية (MLC) في اتخاذ القرار لطلبة الكلية التربوية المفتوحة

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The current research aims aims to identify comparison of strategic ideal to problem –solving and strategy for the course of meta cognitive learning in dimensional decision-making for the students of the educational open faculty –phase 11-sclence-dept-physics. Branch whear the sample was tested in the research with purposive from and the number of 40 students were divided randomly in to tow groups and are as follows. 1-group –a-represent the first experimental group that studied according to ideal strategy to solve proplems. 2-group-b-represent the second experimental group that studied according meta cognitve learning cycle –mlc- building measure decision-making contains-20-paragrabh of the muliti-type test and was certified of its truthfulness and stead fasteness The result showed the following 1-out weigh first experimental group students on the second experimental group students in the decision making

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Article
الفونيمات الثانوية ودورها في التحليل اللغوي

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Secondary phonemes and their Roles in linguistic Analysis The study deale with the phonology and the study of phonological systcfem by viewing the two subdivisions namely phonetics and phonology , phonetics deals with linguistic structure while phonology deal with the study of sounds inside the linguistic structure or in the context Logic adds some important aspects to the study of sounds and to the phonemic phenomen a which indicate human speech and communication . These phenomena involves intonation and aspiration and assimilation . such phonemes have their roles in the linquistic analysis . This helps in explaining texts in different languages one of which is Kurdish .

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Article
هونةرى ضواندن لة شيعرةكانى (خاناى قوبادي) دا

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Khanay Qubadi's is one of the most prominent Kurdish poets in 18th century who wrote his poems in Goran dialect. This study is entitled ( the art of simile in Khanay Qubadi's poems) two reasons force us to choose this topic, the first there are rare studies concerning this art , and the latter is the poets ability and attention to similes kinds in his poems . In this study, Qubadi's works are concentrated specially those which are decorated with similes arts in which they give beautiful and outstanding impressions to our work.

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