جدول المحتويات

مجلة التربية الرياضية

ISSN: 20736452
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التربية الرياضية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تعد مجلة التربية الرياضية أول مجلة علمية تخصصية رصينة والتي تهتم بكافة البحوث الخاصة بعلوم الرياضة تصدر من الكلية الأم (كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة- جامعة بغداد) كل ثلاثة أشهر بواقع أربعة أعداد في السنة

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone No.:
00964-7901319459
00964-7705831422

E-mail:
jopebu@cope.uobaghdad.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 26 العدد: 4

Article
The Relationship of the Weapon Arm’s Length with the First- Touch- Obtained Victories and the Percentage of Achievement in 2014 Epee Youth Competitions
علاقة طول الذراع المسلحة بالانتصارات المستحصلة باللمسة الاولى والنسبة المئوية للإنجاز في منافسات سيف المبارزة للشباب 2014

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الخلاصة

This study has been applied to the players involved in 2014 Iraq Epee Youth Championship which was held in Baghdad. The study has shown a lack of significant correlation between the length of the weapon arm with the first-touch obtained victories. (90) bouts were held in the initial preliminaries, (64) of them ended for the benefit of the First Touch Record in a percentage amount of (71.11%.) The other (26) bouts did not end for the benefit of the First Touch Recorder in a percentage of (28.89%.) The direct exclusion bouts were (24) bouts in the following rounds (4-8-16-32- Final). (13) bouts of them ended in favor of the First Touch Recorder in a percentage of (54.17%). While the other (11) bouts did not end in the favor of the First Touch Recorder in a percentage of (45.83%). Accordingly, the researchers recommend the need to address the psychological preparation of fencers and to specify enough time for it within daily training units. Further study related research were also recommended to include some anthropometrics, motor and technical characteristics and their relationship with the level of performance as well the preparation of training programs to develop the tactical knowledge and the level of tactical disposition of the offensive skills of epeeists. Finally, similar studies were recommended on other men and women fencers with other weapons.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of the use of smart phones and social communication site (Facebook) as a means of educational assistance in the level of learning some offensive skills in wrestling of Judo
تأثير استخدام الهواتف الذكية وموقع الاتصال الاجتماعي (الفيسبوك) كوسائل تعليمية مساعدة في مستوى تعلم بعض المهارات الهجومية في مصارعة الجودو

المؤلفون: Oday T.Hassan عدي طارق حسن
الصفحات: 13-24
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الخلاصة

The research included five sections, the first section included the importance of research, and mention to the problem (the difficulty of some of the skills, and the required more hours in their education, and set a goal to search (the effect of using smart phones and social networking site (Facebook) means of educational assistance in the level of learning some offensive skills in wrestling of judo, and suppose the advantage of learning using educational methods proposed level of assistance, said areas of research. The second section has included theoretical studies regarding the subject, and in the third chapter, the researcher to research methodology and field procedures, where the research methodology mentioned a experimental method with the three groups, then the research sample and details view and method selected, then the male devices and tools used to search, the way conducting skill tests, at the end of this section researchers said that they used statistical methods in the search. Four of the research's sections presented the results obtained through them and the analyzed and discussed. In five section, researcher offer conclusions that got them through the analysis and discussion of the results that appeared identical to the assumptions set by the researcher and finally the researchers mention some of the recommendations that came on the basis of the researcher concluded, including the need to use modern technology as an aid in the educational process.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The proposed visual exercises and their effect in the dynamic response and regaining from the net for the libero in volleyball in the clubs of Al- Anabr province
تدريبات بصرية مقترحة وتأثيرها في الاستجابة الحركية واستعادة الكرة من الشبكة للاعب الحر بالكرة الطائرة لأندية محافظة الانبار

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الخلاصة

This thesis aimed to learn the effect of the proposed visual exercises and their effect in the dynamic response and regaining the ball back from the net the libero in volleyball within the clubs of Al-Anabr province. The two researcher have used the experimental approach and the design of a one group which has two dimensions: prior and afterwards. The sample of the research was represented by the libero in the clubs of Al-Anbar province (Qaim , phosphate, Rawa, Ana, Haditha and Habbania). They were 11 players.After implementing the prior test. Then the educational and training periods have been applied on a sample of the research. The time of the experiment was 8 weeks including eight training periods. the exercises consisted of the visual view. The time of each period was 90 minutes (one period per week) The researcher had used the main part of the training period which lasted for 60 minutes After the end of this main experiment they have done the after test. The two researchers have concluded that the proposed visual exercises had positively affected in each period of the dynamic response and regaining the ball back from the net among individual members of the sample in different rates.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Design of motion, skill tests as a part bateery For testing football young players
تصميم اختبارات المهارة المركبة، كونها جزءاً من بطارية اختبار، للاعبين الشباب، في كرة قدم الصالات

المؤلفون: Saleh Shafi Sajet صالح شافي ساجت
الصفحات: 38-53
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الخلاصة

Tests ara an important tool for evaluation. using tests has its own rules to function the results of these tests and rules to be based on them. constructing battries for different athletic games gain more attention. football is a droup game where many skills and abilities interfere.it is important that constructing a battery require some cases more closel to real playing. factor analysis is the suitable way for constructing the battery. The study aims at: 1- Desigining some skill tests of football 3- Finding factor truth for designed skill tests 4- Constructing a battery for choosing basic skill of football 5- Establishing the criteria for the skill battery of football The descriptive approach is used by utilizing correlative style. the study population consist of 269 of football players chosen deliberately and they cosseted of the study population. The researcher has used various tools to reach the data. these tools include the scientific survey of the references, interviews, questionnaire, determining the basic skill, choosing the tests of basic skills in addition to designing some modern tests. after collecting the questionnaire from,16skill tests were chosen. then some explorative tests were done in order to identify the baic skills of tests.the results of these experiments show that four of them failed.so the skill tests for factor analysis are(16)skills tests,(14)designed skill tests, and (14)skill pretests in football. these tests were applied on the study sample.the following statistical means were used by the researcher:mean, standarddeviation, percentage, simple coefficient correlate, and factor analysis.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Setting standards for the quality of the performance scale school Aariyadah from the viewpoint of supervisors (specialists and technicians) in the districts of Baghdad breeding
تحديد معايير مقياس، جودة أداء الرياضة المدرسية، من وجهة نظر المشرفين (الاختصاصيين، والفنيين)، في مديريات تربية بغداد

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الخلاصة

To achieve excellence in the quality of performance in school sports administration, which has suffered a lot of problems and constraints on the administrative system, supervision and education level as well as the regulatory environment and available resources available and contribute to the provision of some processors and overcome difficulties to participate in the formation of the individual good of itself and society through sports activities. Hence the importance came this study to create a reference to the quality of the performance criteria school sports from the perspective of supervisors (specialists and technicians) in the districts of breeding Baghdad, to be of help to all those involved in school sports and maintaining an exceptional level of school sport to overcome the obstacles and difficulties faced by the administrative side and physical and cadre work as a whole with minimal effort and time and are distinct within the overall quality standards, sample research consisting of (120) supervisor by (89) supervisor jurisdiction and (39) a technical supervisor, representing (6) directorates of Mjmta original (154) supervisor, and after areas that have been identified scale and choose paragraphs and arable areas of the scale of (49) items distributed to (5) areas. After obtaining the results processed statistically the researcher to the quality of the performance scale school sports from the perspective of the administrators (professionals and technicians) in the districts of breeding Baghdad, and the factors are (field priorities and supporting activities to improve the quality of the performance of physical education lesson, / and the field of scientific research, and / culture and awareness of the school administration, / and the area of responsibility, and / field of quality performance of a teacher of physical education, and / field of sports administration), the five areas of the scale is the touchstone bjective of being more realistic when the calendar to the quality of the performance from the viewpoint of the administrators school sports process (specialists and technicians) in Educational directorates Baghdad.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effectiveness Of Designed Visual Exercise On Attention On Concentration On Complete Strike Skills of Volleyball-Sitting
أثر تمرينات بصرية مصممة، في تركيز الانتباه، في مهارة الضرب الساحق، في الكرة الطائرة - جلوس

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to show the effectiveness of players concentrate on his performance in sport activity. The problem of the research is in the weakness of the skilful performance on the complete strike skill. The two researchers have passed the experienced course by designing one group with the dimension (pre and post which has applied on a sample 12 players and two of them have been excluded in order to make the number of the participated players of Anbar Baralombia committee for volleyball sitting 10 players. The two researchers have explained the details of teaching course after that the post tests have been applied according of the ways of pre-test circumstances by using (T) rule. After that the analysis and discussion of the results have been made in details. The two researchers have concluded that the designed exercises that have been used in the research led to the developing of the players performances in a positive way on the selected skill of this study

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The formation of complex exercises to develop and influence to bear some skills for young players handball
إعداد تمرينات مركبة، وأثرها في تحمّل بعض قدرات المهارة ، الخاصة باللاعبين الناشئين، في كرة اليد

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to prepare the exercises complex in carrying some skills players junior handball. Therese archers used the experimental design of two groups (experimental and control).The sample consists of (12) players junior class handball, they are selected in an intentional way, and the sample is divided into two groups by drawing lots by (6) players per set. And continued for the implementation of the curriculum (10) weeks and by four training modules in the week and the time allotted for the exercise is 30 minutes. After the implementation of the complex exercises researchers found that complex exercises have influenced clearly endurance on the development of performance skills of the experimental groupies better than the control group, so the researchers recommended the need to include module on the vehicle exercises for the purpose of developing this capacity.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
impact of competition styles in the development of some of functional capabilities and spiking in volleyball
أثر أساليب التنافس، في تطوير بعض القدرات الوظيفية، والضرب الساحق في الكرة الطائرة

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الخلاصة

Volleyball is considered a field for competition between the competing teams which have special requirements that it today force duties and tasks (for both kinetic and function) and to make a big physical effort and through the practice of researchers and the follow-up of the training of the junior class of volleyball they noticed that the basic skills of this game and the required functional capabilities don’t develop as fast as the quick development in volleyball this may be due to the large number of players which increases the coaching difficulties on the couch and how to observe each player and correct the errors that accompany the performance skills being done and the reaction for the incomplete performance that’s happen in training environment and according to the new directions the researchers choose the completions styles which is (individual, compare, team) and that’s to develop the training operation in how quick to acquire the skills and develop the spiking skill in volleyball and make it accurate in addition to develop the functional abilities that is attached to the skillful performance and trying to avoid the failure in the field of training to reach a better level of performance so one can face the practical reality in the sport events. And the research aimed to: 1. Understanding the effect of competition styles (team, compared, individual) in developing some functional abilities in spiking in volleyball. 2. Understanding of the best style in developing some functional abilities and spiking in volleyball. The researchers used the testing process to suit the nature of research problem, the research category limited by the junior players in volleyball which they are (70) players and the sample was chosen randomly which are (48) player randomly divided in a lottery way into three groups and each group consists of (16) player and then divided on the competition methods in the same way also on these groups, and the researchers have done a recon for the tests and then they extract the scientific bases for these tests, and also the data have been processed and extracted the results and the most important results was: 1. The three competition styles (individual, team, compared) are effective styles in developing the performance level of spiking in volleyball but in different ratios. 2. The use of compared competition style has led to develop the performance level of spiking in volleyball in a greater way than individual and team style.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assess the level of functional adaptation according to some indicators of blood during the period of competition among advanced handball players applicants
تقويم مستوى التكيّف الفسيولوجي، على وفق مؤشـــــــــــــر (CPK) في الدم، من خلال مدة المنافسات، لدى لاعبي كرة اليد للمتقدمين

المؤلفون: Amna Ayad Salman امنة اياد سلمان
الصفحات: 115-125
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الخلاصة

The period of the competition is keeping of the player on the level of performance through training where the training have an impact in the chemical reactions in the blood which has emerged these influences physiological on the training process, as it has become an indicator for measuring the functional status and training of the handball players before the competition, and after that , to see the potential for adaptation career the level of endurance and its impact on the player, but the problem of the research lies in the assessment of the level of adaptation career during the competitions using enzymatic (CPK) in the blood, and touched goals which are determined the level of adjustment career according to some indicators of blood during the competitions and assess the level of adjustment career according to some indicators of blood during the period of competition among players Handball applicants. The imposition of a text of the research confirms that there were statistically significant differences between pre and post tests for some of the indicators of blood in the competitions. Through part II, the theoretical study has adapted the concept of functional and enzymatic (CPK) in the blood. While In the third chapter, the researcher has depended and used the experimental method on a sample of applicants reel players and hand numbered (10) players. Part IV bag researcher which has used the statistical (SPSS) and the results were fully discussed, relying on the scientific sources. In Part V the fifth part the researcher confirms that the period of the competition, which had a duration of 80 days was enough to influence on the indicators of blood and the researcher has recommended to the attention of coaches when developing training programs using scientific methods based on the results of laboratory tests certified as a case of the evaluation of training and knowledge of the health status of athletes.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Importance of special companies in the support of the national economic through its support to the sport institutions
أهمية شركات القطاع الخاص في دعم الاقتصاد الوطني عبر رعاية المؤسسات الرياضية.

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الخلاصة

Widened the scope of investment athlete and became an economic process in the contemporary world and became a growth in which large which made trading companies in competition care about sports events, and organizing sports activities on the local and international levels requires a lot of money and because of the shortfall in financial support provided by the state and that this shortage hinders the achievement of the desired goals of the institution and Sports Authority so the researcher to identify the importance of private sector companies in support of sports institutions in Iraq, As it included the research community managers private sector companies have been chosen at random was addressed to the role of marketing and investment athlete in support of sports institutions, and the researcher used the descriptive survey manner as the sample consisted of 100 individual managers and private companies, the researcher used a special questionnaire for companies , and the light that has been extracted results are discussed and the most important Matousel him researcher is the active role of the private sector companies in support of sports institutions and thus supporting the national economy.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Exercises With Different Ranges Of Motion With Significance Of Electrical Activity for Muscle in Strength With Speed Of Lower Limbs For Weight Lifters Of Physical Strength
أثــــــــــــــــر التمرينات في مدى حركات مختلفة، بدلالـــة النشاط الكهربائي للعضلة، في القوة المميزة بالسرعة، للأطراف السفلى، لرباعي القوة البدنية

المؤلفون: Omar Khaled Yasser عمر خالد ياسر
الصفحات: 138-151
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الخلاصة

The aim of research is making exercises with three ranges of motion by electrical activity and know the effect in strength with speed for muscles of lower limbs. The sample contains weight lifters of Alsadiaa, sport club as advancer group in 2010-2011.The researcher uses experimental program that have contains three groups that consist pre-test and post-test. The period of experiment ten weeks as three units weekly. The researcher uses statistic mean (SPSS).The results , analysis and discussion are shown. The researcher concluded that exercises with three ranges of motion by electrical activity have significances effect in variable of strength with speed among pre-test, post-test and pre(with weight of pre) for test (leg press).The researcher recommended that new equipment's as (EMG) in supervised neuron variables before , during and after training. It is possible to make other research with upper limbs of body with other variables.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Relationship some Motor and Mental Games On The Motor for 5 Year Old Childre
العلاقة بين بعض الألعاب الحركية والإبداع الحركي، لدى الأطفال (الذكور، والإناث)، في عمر (5) سنوات

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الخلاصة

The importance of the study lies in using motor games for physical education because they are very interesting and motivating for environment enables them to achieve their motor, cognitive and physical potentials. Thus the importance lies in identifying the child's creativity through his involvement in motor activity. The aims of the study: Designing a set of motor games that improve motor creativity in 5 year old children.& Identifying the effect of some motor games that improve motor creativity in 5 year old children. &Identifying gender differences in motor creativity improvement. The researcher used the experimental method. The subjects were (40) five year old children from Al Hekma Kindergarten.. The experiment included 30 sessions. The data were collected and treated using SPSS. Finally the researcher concluded the following: 1. Motor Games' Program had a great effect on motor creativity improvement for five year old children 2. There are differences between male and female children in the experimental group in favor of females in motor creativity improvement.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of the use of collaborative style in the development of skill transmitter in volleyball for middle school students
تأثيــر استخدام الأسلوب التعاونــي، فـــي تطويــر مهارة الإرسال ، في الكرة الطائرة لطلاب المرحلة المتوسطة

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الخلاصة

Turning the researcher to find out how much the effectiveness of the use of style Cooperative and its impact on the learning skill transmission volleyball and development, Vtmahort problem about multiple learning styles and use them to learn sports in the middle stage but it remains the best method that suits each stage and the game in line with the possibilities and the decisions of the educated and the investment of time and effort to get to achieve the desired goals, where I took the researcher undertook a study skill transmission from the bottom volleyball on the first-grade students Mediterranean, where it was to identify two groups represent one control group and the other experimental and each group consisted of 12 students with two units elite educational week distributor (6) weeks has been a parity of the research sample and then exploratory experiment and after the tests and the application of the tribal experience and finally the main post-test and then extract the results that have placed the conclusions and recommendations which have been developed.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Standardizing rest period between iterations according to the heart rate (140 / s) to develop special speed endure of running 800 meters for youth.
تقنين مدة الراحة بين التكرار، على وفق معدل ضربات القلب (140ض/د)، لتطوير تحمل السرعة الخاص، بفعالية 800 متر للشباب

المؤلفون: Maireb Saidi Mahmood مارب سعدي محمود
الصفحات: 178-186
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الخلاصة

The importance of research to conduct a study to standardizing a period of rest between repetitions to develop special speed endure by heart rate on three totals (140/s), The problem with research standardizing rest period between iterations to be 140/s for development the ability of a physical task, speed endure at which require such rationing, because the use of this rate of the heart rate is difficult to use in the training and knowledge of the impact positive or negative, The duration of the heart rate of 140 / s make adaptation more Whenever shorten the duration of the rest period and increases the pressure on the efficiency of physiological and physiology and organic muscle, Adoption of the heart rate 140/s rest period between repetitions in games that require the intensity in performance

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of cooperative learning for the Adventurers against the warnings in learning several mobile masteries and skills on the sheet of physical jerks for Gym for the women.
أثر التعلم التعاوني لذوي المجازفة مقابل الحذر، في تعلم مهارة الوقوف على اليدين، على بساط الحركات الأرضية، في الجمناستك

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الخلاصة

To recognize and know the effect of cooperative learning method for the three experimental groups (Risks- conservatives-the mixed one) in learning the mobile skills in aesthetical Gym. the researcher has proposed the following below point of views There are statistic diversities between the after & the before tests for the three groups in learning some mobile skills in aesthetical Gym For Women. The Experimental Method was used and depended of Three Groups Design. The Research was done on samples of school-girls –Fourth grade in Dijla Secondary School For Girls.( for 2013-2014). Two tests were done, they are as below Measuring the acknowledging method Risks against conservatives. Tests of Skills, the most important one were as following below. The Learning Methodology that is set according to the method of cooperative method has proved its significance and its effective role for the adventurers against the careful one with best form and style at schools. The best groups of learning the mobile skills will be the first experimental group (Adventurers) this Constable Group , then the second one, the experimental group (The Careful Group).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of the Guided Discovery Style according to the Scheduling of Sequential and Random Exercise on Learning some of the Motor Skills in Artistic Gymnastics for Female Students
تأثير اسلوب الاكتشاف الموجه وفق جدولـــــــــة التمرين المتسلسل والعشوائي في تعلم بعض المهارات الحركية في الجمناستك الفني للطالبات

المؤلفون: Ghada Muaid Shhab غادة مؤيد شهاب
الصفحات: 196-206
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to set an educational curriculum using the Guided Discovery Style according to the scheduling of sequential and random exercise and to identify the effect of the Guided Discovery Style according to the scheduling of sequential and random exercise on learning some of the motor skills in artistic gymnastics for female students. The researcher has assumed that there are statistically significant differences between pre and post tests for the groups of the study in learning some of the motor skills in artistic gymnastics for female students. The experimental method has been used in the study and the subjects were selected out of the fourth grade students in Dijlah Secondary School for girls. The subjects were divided into three groups; two were experimental and submitted to the Guided Discovery Style according to the scheduling of sequential and random exercise in learning motor skills. The control group, on the other hand, submitted to the Command-Style. After collecting and analyzing data, conclusions came out to prove that the Guided Discovery Style is effective in learning the skills in question. The results also showed the superiority of the first and the second experimental groups then the control group


Article
Impediments to study sports activities for government universities in Baghdad
دراسة معوقات الأنشطة الرياضية للجامعات الحكومية في بغداد

المؤلفون: Eman Hussein ايمان حسين
الصفحات: 207-226
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الخلاصة

Search included five sections are :: Part I: research and definition of this section includes Introduction of research and its importance: The University is an educational institution achieve the full development of students of all aspects of mental and psychological, social, and therefore the student activity, especially sports activity occupies a particularly important programs of universities through the preparation and implementation of sports programs according to the scheduling, where contribute to these programs in guiding students to take advantage of leisure exploited positively useful and achieve cross-cutting elements for the growth of the students developed an integrated both physically and health or psychologically, socially, and in spite of the importance and However, there is a weakness in student participation in sports activities so research aims to identify the obstacles to such activities and student participation in and reasons for the poor participation from their point of view. Part II: theoretical studies and similar: contains the section on theoretical studies related to the research, which included basic concepts of sports activity in general and sports activity university in particular, and the strategy upon which to build the foundations of sports activities in the universities as well as previous studies and similar, discuss and comment on them and draw benefit from them. Part III: research methodology and procedures of the field: This included the door research methodology and procedures of the field, the researcher used the descriptive style survey of its relevance to the research problem, and steps to perform the search, which included access to sources of Arab and foreign countries and conduct personal interviews with experts and specialists to identify themes and then addressed to the community and a sample Search of college students covered by the research and study of the morning for the academic year (2012 - 2013) and numbered (1011) students representing 5% of the community of origin and design of the questionnaire and extract the coefficients of validity and reliability, objectivity and tools and devices used and then experiment reconnaissance and then experience the main as well as the means of statistical used in the search. Part IV: Results, analysis and discussion of eating display and analysis of research data and discuss the use of appropriate statistical methods in order to achieve the objectives of the research Part V: Conclusions and Recommendations: researcher in the study to the most important conclusions and recommendations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Fitness performance level relationship skill clapotement for handball players 13-14 years Reconstruction
علاقة الرشاقة بمستوى اداء مهارة الطبطبة للاعبي كرة اليد بأعمار (13 – 14) سنة

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الخلاصة

The study has introduced the importance of the sport of handball and its technical performance that relies on physical and motor characteristics; especially agility. Hence the importance of the research in studying the relationship between agility and performance level of dribbling for handball players. Observing the training of handball players at these ages, the researcher has found that most of the skills of handball have a compound ( physical –motor) nature, which mainly requires the characteristic of agility among the players and this is the problem of the study. The aims of the study therefore seek to identify the relationship between agility and performance level of dribbling among handball players. The methodology of the study and the field procedures on the other hand has tackled the descriptive approach and the subjects have been deliberately chosen including (14) handball players from the Specialty Center for the Gifted at (13-14 years old).The test of agility and the test of dribbling skill have been conducted and the results statistically processed by finding out the simple correlation coefficient (Pearson) between the results of the two tests. The results then have been scientifically displayed and discussed leading the researcher to the following conclusions: 1. There is a significant between agility and performance level of dribbling among handball players aged ( 13-14 years old.)

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Khashmguennh impact exercises according to the pulse rate to develop and carry speed completion of enemy 400m junior
تأثير تمرينات خاصة مقننة وفقأ لمعدل النبض لتطوير تحمل السرعة وإنجاز عدو 400م للناشئات

المؤلفون: Ali Hussein Sagheer علي حسين صغير
الصفحات: 237-246
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الخلاصة

Became a women's sports are able to achieve sporting achievements distinct and can fight the guy and his rival in excellence and creativity and to be always in the foreground through attention to games of individual women, in particular age groups of junior women in athletics, specifically the effectiveness of enemy 400 m, lies the importance of research in the use of modern devices developed to measure physiological indicators directly (on the ground) in the legalization of special exercises to develop (bearing speed) and achievement in the enemy (400 m) Women's Championship, setting a mainstay for the training of this event through the adoption of exercises based on modern scientific bases, the research problem lies in that the exercises present all that used by our trainers tended to measurements of the old and well-known in monitoring the level of development semifinalists this event by way of palpation on some arteries fingers as an indicator to determine the heart rate in determining the intensity and size, comfort, and that the legalization of special exercises require the use of modern and sophisticated equipment to measure physiological indicators that have a direct impact in training the effectiveness of the 400-meter junior in Iraq, so counting the researcher this is a problem he wanted to go there, either the goals of research was the preparation of special exercises codified according to some physiological indicators for the development of carrying speed of the effectiveness of enemy 400m Women's Championship, and to identify the effect of exercise special inhaler according to some physiological indicators to develop withstand the speed and completion enemy 400m Women's Championship, either presumably search was, there are differences of statistical significance between tests before and after to afford private according to the physiological indicators of the sample individuals, and differences exist statistically significant differences between the tests before and after the completion of an enemy 400 m of the sample individuals. The areas of research were, elite group of players elected Iraqi National Athletics Women's Championship in the effectiveness of enemy 400m ages (14-16 years), for the period from 01.03.2014 up to 26.04.2014, in the court of the Faculty of Physical Education in Jadriya, research methodology approach experimental design of the experimental group one, the community and the research sample consisted of runners ran the 400-meter junior amounted to (6) runners for the season 2013-2014, representing 80% of the community of original research, the most important findings of the research show that exercise special inhaler may have influenced the evolution of carrying speed and achievement.

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Article
The impact of the program of education in the development of kinetic motor activity visually impaired children ages (7-8) years
تمرين تأثير برنامج بالتربية الحركية في تنمية النشاط الحركي لأطفال ضعاف البصر بأعمار (7-8) سنوات

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الخلاصة

The problem with research in the physical activity practice in the schools of the blind and an important means to achieve growth, balanced and integrated to the child if the best use and due to the fact that the activity practiced without arousal and surrounded by a membrane traditional in its content as it had to be expanded Alasttharat motor to the overall development of the child came of Education kinetic method new educational programs in physical education to help a blind child to express itself and its potential mobility in order to achieve overall growth of the child and due to the lack of studies in education mobility to the category of low vision, as most of those studies were conducted on normal children came the current study, an attempt to detect the impact of the program of education mobility in development of motor activity for children aged visually impaired (7-8) years. The objective of this research to: detection of the impact of the program of education in the development of kinetic motor activity visually impaired children ages (7-8) years. The imposition of Search: The presence of significant differences between pre and post tests and post-test interest in the development of motor activity for the visually impaired children ages (7-8) years. Areas of research: the human sphere: children Rona Institute for the Blind in the center of Erbil age (7-8) years. Temporal area: 5/2/2012 until 10/3/2012. Spatial domain: sports arena for the Institute for the Blind to Rona in the center of Erbil. Been using experimental method for the suitability of the nature of the research, and included the research community on (13) students and a student of the Institute for Rowe Naki for the blind in the blind at the center of Erbil for the academic year (2011-2012) who are between the ages of (7-8) years and they are the students the second row Elementary, was selected as the visually impaired and those of their number (13) student and student, as was slavery (4) students to conduct exploratory experiment of the educational program and a consistency to them and thus total sample (9) male and female pupils. Was also used experimental design called the "random selection of test pre and post, was to rely on tests of motor activity for blind children, which include the (dramatic voice (run) s, roll a ball hockey cm, drop the ball degree, balancing hard tha, passing barriers Tha), was used (the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, choose a (t) linked to two samples equal number, the simple correlation coefficient) as a means of statistical and found to conclude the following: Education program with a kinetic effect of a positive and effective in the development of motor activity for the visually impaired children ages (7-8) years, provided that the program includes a variety of dynamic activities, taking into account individual differences among children as well as rely on their senses of touch and hearing for the development of kinetic aspects. The researchers recommended the following: 1- Use of motor education program on children with low vision ages (7-8) years because of its positive influence in the development of motor activity. 2- Conducting studies and other research aimed at different age groups and the variables of different variables for the current search.

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