Table of content

al-academy

مجلة الاكاديمي

ISSN: 25232029 18195229
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Fine Arts
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

About

jornal of the college of fine Arts University of baghdad

web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

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email : al.academy@cofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq
phone number: 009647703467114
web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2015 volume: issue:71

Article
The Significance of the Folk Symbols and Their Influence on The National Identity (Chosen samples from the Contemporary Iraqi Pottery)
دلالة الرموز الشعبية وأثرها على الهوية الوطنية (نماذج مختارة من الخزف العراقي المعاصر)

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Abstract

The contemporary art culture is considered a resultant of preceding human civilizations from the early days. At the same time, it got closer to the local privacy, because the contemporary Iraqi potter worked hard to create new art, refusing to base his art on the early works, creating art pieces that contains properties to inherited art and their form significance, in order to create a new identity of his own, bringing an empowerment to his deepened civilization, with the goal to create national identity ideas from one hand, and entity and locality from another. Europeans also followed the direction of our civilization, such as (Picasso, Henry Moore, Barbra Hurth, Brankouzi, Hans Arp,..etc). From this point of view comes the importance of this research in obtaining the significance the folk symbols and their influence on the national identity, such as the works of (Saad Shakir, Shiniar Abdullah, Mohammed Al-Arabi, Torki Hussein, Suham Al-Saodi, Sajda Al-Mishaikhy, Abla Al-Azawi, Nuha Al-Radhi, Mahir Al-Sammeraie, and others). The research will study: A- The significance, as an idea and a meaning in the visual field B- The folk symbols, their reference and establishment, and their influence on the arts. This reseach is only focusing on the time frame (1990-2010)

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Article
The technical and conceptional changing in post modern art
التحول التقني والمفهومي في تشكيل مابعد الحداثة

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Abstract

The art has been turned its subject in the post modern thinking . this turning is aresult to the turning in the role of the art it self. Across its history the art was basing its subject on a universal unite it the phenomenenon which is the most elevated . that the artist try to activate the role of the subject as a axial which compose the plastic art them. Because of the history of art full with subjects which consider in alarg part of it, have relation ship with elite and aesthetics , and from the begening of renaissance the central activity of the art was based on opoint which has concentrated reaction or it going in away belong to the state in that time.so renaissance was in relegous axial and romantisim on a dream axial, classisisim searching in luxe, imprissionlism based on the beauty of landscape and the natue changing. But in the post modernity , ther is another program which is the art left is artical chracteristic to the general charastristic , and try to destroy it

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Article
THE SIGN READING OF THE STRUCTRE OF UNIFICATION IN THE CIVILIZATION OF MESOPOTAMIA
القراءة العلامية لمفهوم التوحيد في الحضارة الرافدينية

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Abstract

The Mesopotamian artist conversed the functions of idols with multi-formation, varied pictured and structural significances sign momentum. Each phenomenon had an idol and each event had an idol. So multiplicity contributes in the enrichment of the Mesopotamian thought by the full and comprehensive familiarity of the characterization of the religious space which reached up to realize the start point of creation and formation and specify the concept of unification in such a way that considered as pagan multiplicity and Atheism according to what brought by most of the previous studies. Such a research as ( The Sign Reading of the Structure of Unification in the Civilization of Mesopotamia) aims to clarify this confusion through decoding the pluralism code under a supposed frame of one perspective which the artist tried to converse and address in pictures of different characterization. So we aim at narrowing the presentation into two axis: The First Axis: A research in the Structure of Unification. The Second Axis : A research in the Sign Reading. So one of the results of this study is to proof the truth of our hypothesis that the Mesopotamian civilization searched in unification since the first formations and the pluralism was for knowledge aim of the ability of Almighty Allah. So it is possible to treat these sign structures as induction functions, no more no less, Almighty Allah says in his scripture

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Article
Employment aesthetic to the sitting position in contemporary Iraqi Sculpture
التوظيف الجمالي لوضع الجلوس في النحت العراقي المعاصر

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Abstract

This paper deals with aesthetic and a sitting position in contemporary Iraqi sculpture and studied this situation, an analytical study to reveal how to employ them in aesthetically pleasing work of art has been research in a sitting position to a lack of technical library for such research, this study includes four chapters Chapter I contains the research problem and its importance in terms of the released address and its objectives in the detection of this situation, how to employ the HDL research is to detect how the aesthetic of the Employment sit position and limits Find business is bronze and stone-dimensional exclusively carried out from 2000 to 2009 AD. Chapter II included the Framework theory and previous studies and with three Investigation Section One Employment aesthetic in the work of art and touched the researcher to some definitions of beauty and harmony in brief The second section was devoted for raw was the title of section the impact of raw material in the implementation of a sitting position in sculpture and researcher dealt with the importance of raw material and its direct impact on the aesthetic of the sculpture and touched researcher ores are the severity of stone and bronze. The third topic addressed About Iraqi contemporary sculpture from 1960 AD to 2010 AD and touched the researcher to a number of contemporary sculptors, Iraqis and some of their carvings, which formed the body and the sitting position. Third situation, action research and how it has been selected sample of the research community, which included eightywere selected in accordance with the work of conscious check, giving the research and the researcher adopted a descriptive analytical method in the analysis of the sample. Chapter IV results WM most important findings of the researcher in employment aesthetic status of sitting through the relations of form and the relationship of the constituent elements of the work and exploitation of the outer space, coupled with the spaces interior lends character aesthetically pleasing to the form of the human sitting as well as the relationship between seating position and shape of the human role in demonstrating aesthetic a sitting position and the degree of this relationship vary from job to another. Some Sculptors work to integrate the full between the seating position and the human form, others work to dispense with seating position completely and focus on the movement of the human form as well as the importance of texture and raw material in making aesthetic to a sitting position. The researcher concluded that the condition of living aesthetics can sculptor employed in the figure by dealing with the curves of sin resulting from the blocks that are concluded also that most of Sculptors tend to form a sitting position of the stone because of its feature training result in durability and strength to accept transport more freely than some other positions

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Article
Aesthetic single-Baghdadi in the works of the ceramists Siham Saudi (analytical study)
جمالية المفرده البغدادية في اعمال الخزافه سهام السعودي (دراسة تحليلية)

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Abstract

Baghdad (the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate, and his legacy oldest civilizations in history, with glory ethyl). 1. benediction this city landmarks archaeological evidence of their own Kkabbab mosques and forms gates and (Aelchenachel) 2, which adorn the walls of buildings and Chaababeckha high and palm trees, all these vocabulary inspired artists embody Baghdad warmest dissolved in their artwork and all those who lived and grew up in Baghdad embodied in his memory for the nights Beauties and their lights and Hoa_khasha. Ceramic Arts art one who embodied the most important symbols that represent the beauty and credited with Baghdad. And many Iraqis potters inspired single Baghdadi in their work, notably ceramists late arrows Saudi which embodied single Baghdadi in most of its business .az found through access to business group varying time periods and analyze four samples that this actress has affected Bmorotha very civilized Laket we find most of its conception An authentic vocabulary Baghdadi symbolize the authenticity of the home and heritage of Baghdad. The vocabulary collected this way are almost tortured poetic beauty of fall for the receiver and the freshness and originality of Baghdad

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Article
Theatrical Visual System between the Cultural Identity and Globalization Culture Iraqi Theatre as Case Study
المنظومة البصرية للعرض المسرحي بين الهوية الثقافية وثقافة العولمة المسرح العراقي انموذجا

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Abstract

It seems that the features of the theatrical discourse , since its early establishment by the Greeks, were cultural features specifically confined to that society. Such features determined the direction of the theatrical discourse for this state instead of that state. There could be some sort of similarity among those features , nevertheless they remained within the general humanitarian framework . What achieved relatedness were those features and particularities that distinguished the theatrical community. Such features and particularities vary from one show to another. This is what we call " Local Specificity" . The Iraqi theatrical memory has always emphasized the concept of Experimentation through originality and renewal since the arrival of the European theatre and its invasion of the Iraqi community and through comprehending the experiments of the pioneers European experimentalists. Its chart varied according to the political and economic circumstances which the Iraqi community went through. In the beginning of the twentieth century and under the openness of the Iraqi community with all forms of communications with the others, and with the cultural and technological informational invasion of globalization , all this influenced those interested in theatrical movement forcing them either to duplicate or be original . Add to this the pursuance and the introduction of the latest artistic theatrical discourse to the Iraqi recipient .Accordingly , we can add the globalization awareness to the Iraqi theatrical discourse as something new that has an impact on the theatrical visual system ;hence the researcher has the significance of the present topic to deal with globalization and local identity. The present paper falls into the following sections: - The methodological framework which includes the problem, significance and aim of the research - . – The theoretical framework which includes two sections. The first is titled "The concept of globalization and the local culture". The second is titled " Manifestations of globalization in contemporary theatrical trends". The procedural steps include the methodology, research community, research sample, the tool. Analysis of the sample is represented by "AZEEZA" drama. The paper has arrived at the following findings :- culture did not affect the implications of the Iraqi theatrical discourse due to the fact that the reality of the Iraqi society includes various implications and richness that feed the Iraqi theatrical performance. – The visual system was affected by the variables imposed by globalization. Annexed to the paper are the references and an English abstract

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Article
Achtgalat taboo
اشتغالات التابو

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Abstract

Longer taboo one of the most dominant concepts in the artwork structure, especially the theatrical text as Achtgala bilateral awareness and presence to the overall transformations and secretions that affect the form discourse dramatic and therefore diversity in visions and methods according to the intellectual and aesthetic data that give rise to the culture of the individual and society alike. From the above point of crystallized privacy emerged from the research, including its chapters and discussing it

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Article
Ideology and Film : a study in the expressive requirement
البعد الأديولوجي واشتراطاته التعبيرية في السينما

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Abstract

Film and literature exchanges it’s influences since the early beginning of the motion pictures appearance .it was a phenomenon in other genres such as theatre ,short stories and novels .the film used out of this interaction with literature the content , themes and subjects whish were more attached to the society. based on that , the film gains it’s successes and wide spread of influences on it’s audiences who became more familiar with the motion picture style. Astrok , the French film critic wrote about “Camera the pain “ and called it as the a way of writing in the future .he was talking about the future’s role of the film . It is the importance of the film in the creation and documenting the life and its various fields. Because of the unique role of the film and its mass influences so that it became a priority for the scientists and for those who involves in art and culture in the countries and groups it made its achievements secretly in order to control on the investments so that the governments interfere and play another role in the cinema industry in order to use the films magic influences and it’s ability to shape the mentality and influence the behaviors as a Dr.”Ali Shlash “said in his book “the film critic”. It was a kind of competitive relationship in order to marketing the ideas and thoughts for different goals . Georges sadole , the film historian books “the film history “ refers to this roles of the filmmakers, producers , actors , actress , and others who made the big films achievements and took its role in the life of the society .the film in general reflected the movement of the reality and use ideas to influence the film expressive ability which will be clear within the research where I will the beginning and the nature of the achievements , the ideas that used in the filmmaking that cause its ability to be more ability in expressions and arts

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Article
Transformations in The Process of Mass Communication Using the International Network of Information (Internet)
التحوّلات في عملية الاتصال الجماهيري باستخدام الشبكة الدولية للمعلومات (الانترنت) في ظل التكنولوجيا الحديثة

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Abstract

Summarized the idea of research is marked by "changes in the process of mass communication by using the international network of information" by specifying what data networking and mass communication is the transformation processes in the mass communication network where research aims to: 1. Diagnostic data and transformations in the process of mass communication network. 2. Provide a contact form commensurate with the characteristic mass of the International Network of electronic information, and research found to provide a communicative model called the (human contact network). In short (HCN) Humanity Communication Net also reached conclusions concerning the search process and communicative transformations and changes that have taken place by (the Internet). 1 - Turned the process of public communication in the digital age, the era of the international network of information, bringing a focus on the (the means) instead of (the message) and achieved (the means) creativity in the process of transferring messages connectivity and communication process in general. And so true prophecy (McLuhan), where he said,”the importance of the message lays in a way it transfer." 2 - It is a system with two-way. 3 - The sender's effective and can be a receiver and sender at the same time. 4 - The future is positive and interactive participant. 5 - The means of communication, networking means (vehicle) and multi-media. 6 - The process of communication is reciprocal between the source and the receiver. 7 - Transfer the messages and data in digital form using (0.1) in the representation. 8 - Selective communication of messages by the receiver. 9 - Digital communications over the Internet is characterized by (interactive). 10 - Electronic communication to achieve the promotion of the message because of communication Interactive Communication Multimedia. 11 - The environment clean and safe communication as confusion factors weaken. 12 - Public communication is characterized by enrich of the in formations are wide and overlapping. 13 - Contact become a (contact computerized), Com-com computer communication

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Article
Pleasure and Emotions and their role in aesthetics' experience of the user
المتعة والانفعالات الحسية ودورهما في التجربة الجمالية للمستخدم

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Abstract

Industrial product is one of the things of daily use and direct interaction with the user, so the ranges of its association to the user, took a varied and multiple aspects. The user today sees the products as things have specifications related directly to the psychology of the user, so he can reflects his values, principles and ideas on the composition of the total structure of the product, making them a means by which manifested the internal entity's of the user took an external materiality. And then counting the products being things excite positive feelings among different user was a natural result given the complexity of the relationship between the user and the industrial product. So pleasure is one important effects that result from the interaction of the user with the product, which is linked to a scale ranging between satisfaction and dissatisfaction, and ends with joy and fun

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Article
The importance of social acceptability of the universal design
أهمية المقبول الاجتماعي للتصميم الشامل (UD)

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Abstract

The industrial development and raise the level of income that has emerged clearly in the middle of the last century in many rich and medium rich countries has great influence on the risen of the health care level. Which led to a significant increase in the reconstruction of people over 65 years and this in turn has produced markets for products and services through modifications to the existing products to meet their physical needs. The importance of research also has the universal design of a comprehensive actually so that it covers as much as possible from human physical & cultural activities. The importance of research locally is to concentrate on this subject who has not been taken into consideration so far to accommodate the elderly and people with special needs. One of the important problems of the universal design concept does not cover through its principles adopted in 1992 to include all design activities. The research aims to identify and study the principles of universal design to propose complementary principles covered the social acceptability of the design. As a result reached by this study and the great importance for social acceptability the researcher suggested some of the complementary principles of universal design by measuring social acceptability, in which the possibility of measuring the social acceptability of the product. The following is summary of those results. The design must have positive interaction with different cultures and it should not offend or underestimate any religious or social culture. It must not promote, directly or indirectly to any particular culture or religion or social or political party

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Article
The concept of Sustainable Environments in the UAE
مفهوم البيئات المستدامة في دولة الامارات العربية المتحدة

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Abstract

Over last decade, rapid growth in economic and population accompanied with depletion of the energy resources lead to serious impacts on environment and humanity. This development coupled with active constructions, which in some examples ignore the impact on the environment and human activities. Therefore, principle of sustainability has required in order to reducing this negative impact on the environment and the humanity. In developing countries, it seems that there is a huge gap between the current construction practices and sustainable principle, which need more attention to clarify and define the problems in order to find suitable solutions before it comes more difficult and expensive. The study aims to choose one of the developing countries and analyze its current standing in terms of building sustainability and performance through collecting and analyzing data on construction practices. The purpose of the study is to identify and highlight the main problems in order to evaluate the current situation and propose the possible solutions. A survey have been designed in order to collect data from experts who are involved in constructions projects such as architects, civil engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical and interior designers. A questionnaire will show the strong and feeble points in order to clarify the current practices in terms of sustainability and performance in constructions. The result of the data lead to highlight the significant important of suitability and buildings performance issues in U.A.E to recognize the problems, reduce the obstacles, and try to stimulated solutions and alternatives to improve the current situation, furthermore to be sure that sustainability implementation will be achieved in future

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Article
The role of the music in developing the national identity
دور الموسيقى في بلورة الهوية الوطنية

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Abstract

Music has a significant role in shaping the artistical, musical and national identity of individuals. The resources of the cultural identity can be divers according to the multiplicity of the social component. In Iraq, there is a unique ethnical and sacred diversity, which is rather than playing a positive role in shaping the cultural and national identity, on contrast, it is establishing to create many local identities in the same society. Each identity reflects the culture of individual ethnic or religious group, which makes people make their own decisions according to their background rather than according to the benefit of the country. Music as an important cultural source has a social function in forming an artistical identity with national aspects that can protect individuals and groups against all extremist ideas. This study discusses the shaping of musical, cultural and national identity through music education. In addition, it focusses on the awareness of the importance of the music as an essential factor in developing the personality and identity of the people. In addition, this study tries to answer two main questions: 1. What is the function of the music in shaping the national identity? 2. What is the role of music education in shaping the cultural and national identity? The answers of the above questions have been derived from three main topics shaped the core of this study. The first topic is ‘the aspect of the musical identity’. The second is, ‘identity in music’, and the third is ‘the relationship between the musical education and the cultural and national identity’

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Article
Music Advertising People
موسيقى الإعلان الشعبي

Authors: Ali Abdullah علي عبد الله
Pages: 239-250
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Abstract

Songs hawkers or steadfast in the market of the most important sources of musical heritage, most notably the popular influence in people's lives and their careers cultural, as history records for Those tunes Chorales and invested by the vendors to attract these people in order to promote their goods and for marketing. This study reviews a brief history of those tunes drafted by the innate taste stems from folk music with the rhythms of vigor and vitality originated and grew up on the audio format is consistent with the need for people eager to hear the tunes left moved the feelings and send to communicate with the idea that came from her. As contemplated in the study models of those melodies and recording musician with the installation of rhythms and the method of presentation within the concept of time and space imposed by the nature of performance , whether they are fixed within the limits of the conventional market , or moving on the streets and roads and alleys of cities . And concludes the study to identify the composers of the Worlds and local composers who have benefited from those melodies and dealt in musical compositions and lyrics that have become part of the musical heritage of the people who represent a particular country or region is referred to by the identity of the melody and the popular connotations

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