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IRAQI JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS,COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

المجلة العراقية لهندسة الحاسبات والاتصالات والسيطرة والنظم

ISSN: 18119212
Publisher: University of Technology
Faculty: Control and Systems Engineering
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi Journal of Computers,Communications,Control and Systems Engineering (IJCCCE) is a quarterly engineering journal issued by the University of Technology /Baghdad ,aiming to enrich the knowledge in computer,communication and control fields .

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Contact info

IRAQI JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS,COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
University of Technology P.O.BOX. 18310
Baghdad,Iraq .
ijccce_uot@uotechnology.edu.iq
ijccce_uot@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2015 volume:15 issue:1

Article
Selection, Detection, and Tracking of Video objects Based on FPGA

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Abstract

Abstract – This paper presents a moving object tracker for monitoring system which can be used in a smart city. Kernel density estimation (KDE) algorithm has been used for representing a background model, while a minimum distance between the current image and the background has been used to extract the foreground. Also, morphological operations are carried out to remove the noise regions and to filter out ambiguous areas. The performance has been evaluated by determining the true, false, and miss detections of an object area. The optimal results have been obtained by adjusting the morphological operation sequence to be (close > thicken) combination by which the true-hits are 14 out of 16 while miss-number is 2 and zero false-hits, While, the percentage hit ratio was 87.5% (14 out of 16). Also, the salt noise introduction in video reduces the hit number from 14 to 11 when it increases from zero to 0.5 percent of the total frame pixels. The accepted absolute error ratio (in morphological properties of the matched object) is kept at 0.05 for all tests. The implementation has been built by using a combination of two platforms, ISE 14.6(2013) and Matlab(2013a) platforms, to avoid the size weakness of XC3S700A-FPGA board.


Article
Optimal Multi-objective Robust Controller Design for Magnetic Levitation System

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Abstract

Abstract- In this work, the design of three types of robust controllers is presented to control the magnetic levitation system. These controllers are: basic H∞ controller, robust Genetic Algorithm (GA) based PID (GAPID) controller and robust Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based PID (PSOPID) controller. In the second and third controllers, the GA and PSO methods are used to tune the parameters of PID controller subject to multi-objective cost function (H∞ constraints and time domain specifications). The use of GA and PSO methods is used to simplify the design procedure and to overcome the difficulty of the resulting high order controller of the basic H∞ controller. The ability of the proposed controllers in compensating the system with a wide range of system parameters change is demonstrated by simulation using MATLAB 7.14.


Article
Traffic Lights Control using Wireless Ad-Hoc Sensor Networks

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Abstract

Abstract –Wireless sensor networks undergo tremendous applications to be utilized for. In this paper, we propose a wireless ad hoc sensor network architecture that does not depend on a centralized unit to urban city’s vehicular control, by applying different sensors distribution for main and side streets. On this architecture, we define and evaluate through simulation the effectiveness of our work against the traditional fixed-time traffic light model. Traffic lights coordination is addressed in master and local controllers by executing green-wave algorithm at our architecture. Simulation results show that this architecture achieves great reduction in total waiting time on the city been projected


Article
Cognitive Neural Controller for Mobile Robot

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Abstract

Abstract – This paper proposes a cognitive neural controller to guide a nonholonomic mobile robot during continuous and non-continuous trajectory tracking and to navigate through static obstacles with collision-free and minimum tracking error. The structure of the controller consists of two layers; the first layer is a neural network topology that controls the mobile robot actuators in order to track a desired path based on back-stepping technique and posture identifier. The second layer of the controller is cognitive layer that collects information from the environment and plans the optimal path. In addition to this, it detects if there is any obstacle in the path so it can be avoided by re-planning the trajectory using particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique. The stability and convergence of control system are proved by using the Lyapunov criterion. Simulation results and experimental work show the effectiveness of the proposed cognitive neural control algorithm; this is demonstrated by minimizing tracking error and obtaining the smooth torque control signal, especially when the robot navigates through static obstacles with collision-free and the external disturbances applied.


Article
A Cognitive Neural Linearization Model Design for Temperature Measurement System based on Optimization Algorithm

Authors: Dr. Hayder Abd Dahad
Pages: 61-71
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Abstract

Abstract – The main core of this paper is to design an experimental method for estimating of the nonlinearity, calibrating and testing of the different types of thermocouples temperature sensors (J, K, T, S and R) using multi-layer perceptron (MLP) neural network based on slice genetic (SG) optimization learning algorithm. Temperature sensor has a nonlinearity behavior nature in its output response but it requires a linear behavior output with accepts approximation in accuracy level, noise and measurement errors. Therefore, neural network topology is proposed with five main steps algorithm to reduce the effected noise and minimize the measured errors. Matlab simulation results and laboratory work (LabVIEW) validate the preciously of the proposed cognitive neural linearization algorithm in terms of calculating the temperature from the different types of thermocouples temperature sensors and minimizing the error between the actual temperature output and neural linearization temperature output as well as overcoming the problem of the over learning in the linearization model with the minimum number of fitness evaluation for the learning algorithm..


Article
A Stego-analysis Techniques by SOD Using Statistical Measurements Based on FPGA

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Abstract

Abstract – Steganalysis is the technique of analyzing a stego-image to determine whether it has embedded data or not. More deliberately steganalysis, it can be achieved by coding a program that examines the stego-image structure and measures its statistical properties. This paper presents a novel steganalysis algorithm by detecting the sequence occurrence distribution (SOD) of cover/setgo-image using three types of statistical randomness properties tests: Frequency, Serial and Poker. Where hidden a 2.4Х10-7% distortion of covering image in multiple-LSB (MLSB), the difference achieved detection between cover-stage images as; frequency is 0.91362828; serial is 3.45887 and poker is 160.6455. Also, this proposed algorithm can point to the occurrences of the sequence which is affected by the embedded message, then implemented it by using 8-bit pair code and made by Xilinx-spartan-3A XC3S700AFPGA, with 50 MHz internal clock.


Article
Joint Hybrid Compression Techniques and Convolutional Coding for Wireless Lossy Image Transmissions

Authors: Salah Al-iesawi1 --- Maha Abd Rajab2 --- Ahmed I. A.3
Pages: 80-99
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Abstract

Abstract – This paper demonstrates the effect of color image transmission through AWGN channel using binary phase shift key modulation (BPSK) system and transmission of compressed color image through AWGN. On the other hand, the transmission consumes a large amount of channel and needs the processing, therefore utilizes compression techniques to reduce the size of the original color image to facilitate the transmission compressed color image through AWGN and to obtain the channel optimization. In this paper, a simple hybrid lossy color image compression transmission through AWGN using convolutional coding with Viterbi decoding system is proposed. It is based on combining effective techniques, started by wavelet transform that decompose the image signal followed by polynomial approximation model of linear based to compress approximation image band. The error caused by applying polynomial approximation is coded using bit plane slice coding, whereas the absolute moment block truncation coding exploited to coded the detail sub bands. Then, the compressed information encoded using LZW, run length coding and Huffman coding techniques, the compressed information is entered to the channel coding to coded the information using convolutional coding and modulation using BPSK to transmit through channel and added AWGN, the received signal is demodulated and decoded using Viterbi decoding, the result compressed data passed to source decoding to reconstruct the compressed image. The test results indicated that the proposed system can produce a balance between the compression performance and preserving the image quality, and also simulations results observed that with increase in signal to noise ratio (SNR) values the bit error rate (BER) values decrease.

Table of content: volume:15 issue:1