Table of content

Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكيمياوية وهندسة النفط

ISSN: 19974884/E26180707
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 2000 by the College of Engineering of the University of Baghdad. The Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering receives citations in the category of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering and relevant subjects.

Aims
The Iraqi journal of chemical and petroleum engineering is Open Access journal dedicated to publishing peer-reviewed research articles with respect to the subjects in fields of chemical and petroleum Engineering. In particular, petrochemical, biochemical, water treatment, electrochemical, petroleum and natural gas production and technology, and environment are the major interest of the journal. The journal aims to provide a free platform for the researches all over the world to share diverse types of knowledge and discuss the recent developments in the subjects related to the journal interest.

Objective
Objective of the journal is to promote the researches in the engineering subjects covered by journal to dissemination their intellectual products to the global community free of restriction. That achieves by making all of published articles available free of cost for all researcher through adopting Open Access publication model.

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Contact info

Aljadreah, Baghdad
Iraq
P.O Box: 47024
Phone: +964-1-7781506
Email: ijcpe@coeng.uobaghdad.edu.iq
ijcpe@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2015 volume:16 issue:2

Article
Modelling and Optimization of Carbon Steel Corrosion in CO2 Containing Oilfield Produced Water in Presence of HAc

Authors: Khalid H. Rashid --- Aprael S. Yaro
Pages: 1-8
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Abstract

Previously, many empirical models have been used to predict corrosion rates under different CO2 corrosion parameters conditions. Most of these models did not predict the corrosion rate exactly, besides it determined effects of variables by holding some variables constant and changing the values of other variables to obtain the regression model. As a result the experiments will be large and cost too much. In this paper response surface methodology (RSM) was proposed to optimize the experiments and reduce the experimental running. The experiments studied effects of temperature (40 – 60 °C), pH (3-5), acetic acid (HAc) concentration (1000-3000 ppm) and rotation speed (1000-1500 rpm) on CO2 corrosion performance of the regression model calculated by RSM. The experiments were conducted in saturated solution of CO2 with 3.5 % NaCl solution. STATISTICA program version 10 was used for data analysis. In conclusion a quadratic model is proposed to predict the effect of mentioned variables in CO2 environment.


Article
Furfural Degradation in Waste Water by Advanced Oxidation Process Using UV/H2O2

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Abstract

Furfural is one of the one of pollutants in refinery industrial wastewaters. In this study advanced oxidation process using UV/H2O2 was investigated for furfural degradation in synthetic wastewater. The results from the experimental work showed that the degradation of furfural decreases as its concentration increases, reaching 100% at 50mg/l furfural concentration and increasing the concentration of H2O2 from 250 to 500 mg/l increased furfural removal from 40 to 60%.The degradation of furfural reached 100% after 90 min exposure time using two UV lamps, where it reached 60% using one lamp after 240 min exposure time. The rate of furfural degradation k increased at the pH and initial concentration of furfural decreased, but different H2O2concentrations indicated no significant effects on the reaction rate. UV/H2O2 process is effective for furfural degradation in wastewater at neutral pH where the disposal of such effluents will be within the environmental limitations.

Keywords

Furfural --- UV/H2O2 --- Degradation --- AOP.


Article
Preparation and Characterization of Nay Zeolite for Biodiesel Production

Authors: Rowaida N. Abbas --- Ammar S. Abbas
Pages: 19-29
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Abstract

Iraqi kaolin was used for the preparation and characterization of NaY zeolite for biodiesel production via esterification reaction. Oleic acid was used usually as a typical simulated feedstock of high acid number for the esterification reaction. The chemical composition for the prepared Nay zeolite is as following: (Ca2.6Na1.K0.1)(Al6.3Si17.7)O48.16H2O, the silica to alumina ratio in the prepared catalyst was found equal to 2.6 and Na2O content was 12.26 wt. %, with relative crystallinity equal to 147.4 % obtained by the X-ray diffraction. The surface area result shows that the prepared catalyst has 330 m2/g. While, the measured pore volume by nitrogen adsorption was equal to 0.35 cm3/ g. SEM images show notable differences between the kaolin crystal and prepared NaY crystal. The effect of NaY zeolite, as a loaded catalyst in the esterification of oleic acid reaction did not show any significant change of oleic acid conversion for catalyst load more than 5 wt. %. The reused NaY zeolite is loses 31 % of its activity because of that the pores are filled with water and other organic molecules and that may cause poisoning the catalyst.


Article
Improving Treatment Performance of Dissolved Air Flotation System by Using Ionic Liquids as Surfactants

Authors: Sawsan A.M. Mohammed --- Aws Abbas Fadhil
Pages: 31-37
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Abstract

The effect of three ionic liquids viz., 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (ILE), 1-hexyl-3-metylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (ILF) and 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (ILG) when used as surfactants on the performance of dissolved air floatation (DAF) was investigated. Experiments were conducted at a temperature of 30-35 ºC, 10ppm ferric chloride as coagulant, 50% recycle ratio, pH 8, and 10 minutes treatment time to find oil and grease (OG) and turbidity removal efficiencies at saturation pressure (2-6) bar. ILs were used at concentration of 50 µl/liter of treated water in two positions in DAF system; the saturation vessel and the treatment tank. The performance using ILs in the saturation vessel were better than that in treatment tank because ILs reduced the surface tension of water, which lead to an increase in the solubility of air in water and eventually increase the microbubble formation. The OG removal efficiency using ILG as an efficient surfactant in saturation vessel was higher than that in the treatment tank and higher than other ILs (ILG>ILF>ILE). The removal efficiency reached about 90% at a saturation pressure of 5 bar, and 85% at 3 bar, which reduces the operation costs. The treated water oil concentration at 3bar was 9.5 ppm, which meets the Iraqi pre-disposal regulatory limit.


Article
Using the Artificial Gas Lift to Increase the Productivity of Noor Oil Field / Mishrif Formation

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Abstract

Noor Oil Field is one of Iraqi oil fields located in Missan province / Amarah city. This field is not subjected to licensing rounds, but depends on the national effort of Missan Oil Company. The first two wells in the field were drilled in seventies and were not opened to production until 2009. The aim of this study is to study the possibility of using the method of gas lift to increase the productivity of this field . PROSPER software was used to design the continuous gas lift by using maximum production rate in the design. The design was made after comparing the measured pressure with the calculated pressure, this comparison show that the method of Beggs-Brill and Petroleum Expert2 gave the best results; therefore, these correlations have been adopted in the design of gas lift. The point of gas injection had been selected; the optimum gas injection rate, the maximum oil production rate, the number of valves required for gas injection and their depth, the pressure required to open and close each valve were calculated. The effect of water-cut, change the amount of ratio of gas to oil and decline reservoir pressure in natural flow case and gas lift method case were studied. The results of gas lift design show that the maximum oil production rate is (1000) STB/Day and the optimum gas injection rate (2.65) MM Scf/Day at using operating pressure of (1700) psi available at casing head and the minimum bottom hole following pressure is (1501.5) psi.


Article
Preparation and Characterization of Y2O3, Sio2 Doped By Eu2O3 as Luminescent Ink

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Abstract

This article includes the preparation of luminescence materials from rare earth (Eu ) ion doping Yttrium Oxide (Y2O3) 70% and SiO2 25% and study the characteristics of phosphors for ultraviolet to visible conversion. The phosphor materials have been synthesized by two steps: Preparing the powder by solid state method using Y2O3, SiO2 and Eu2O3 with doping materials concentration (70%, 25% and 5%) respectively and different calcination temperature (1000, 1200 and 1400 oC). The second step is to prepare the colloid solution by dispersing the produced powder in a polyvinyl alcohol solution (4%) . Powder preparation is achieved by mixing the powder according to weight percentage, milling by a ball mill using yttrium stabilized zirconia with the aid of propanol for homogenization then calcination the mixture at the above temperatures. The produced powder was characterized by X-Ray diffraction. Colloid preparation is achieved by dissolving the PVA in water (4%) then dispersing the powder into the solution by using the hot plate magnetic stirrer and ultrasonic bath. The produced powder was characterized by using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Photoluminescence spectra (PL). The results of photoluminescence spectra show that samples were emitting red color with wave length of 612nm. The intensity of emission was increased with increasing calcination temperature.


Article
Single Well Coning Problem and Applicable Solutions

Authors: Raad Mohammed Jawad. Alkhalissi
Pages: 53-56
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Abstract

One of the most important and common problems in petroleum engineering; reservoir, and production engineering is coning; either water or gas coning. Almost 75% of the drilled wells worldwide contains this problem, and in Iraq water coning problem is much wider than the gas coning problem thus in this paper we try to clarify most of the reasons causing water coning and some of applicable solutions to avoid it using the simulation program (CMG Builder) to build a single well model considering an Iraqi well in north of Iraq black oil field with a bottom water drive, Coning was decreased by 57% by dividing into sub-layers (8) layers rather than (4) layers, also it was decreased (Coning) by 45% when perforation numbers and positions was changed.

Keywords

Well coning --- Iraqi well


Article
Using Microbubbles to Improve Transmission Oil in Pipes

Authors: Hussein Hadi Hussein
Pages: 57-60
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Abstract

Drag reduction (DR) techniques are used to improve the flow by spare the flow energy. The applications of DR are conduits in oil pipelines, oil well operations and flood water disposal, many techniques for drag reduction are used. One of these techniques is microbubbles. In this work, reduce of drag percent occurs by using a small bubbles of air pumped in the fluid transported. Gasoil is used as liquid transporting in the pipelines and air pumped as microbubbles. This study shows that the maximum value of drag reduction is 25.11%.

Keywords

Drag --- gasoil --- microbubbles --- turbulence

Table of content: volume:16 issue:2