جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 13 العدد: 2

Article
EFFECT OF HORMONAL CHANGES IN BLOOD AND OVARIAN FOLLICULAR FLUID ON SUBFERTILITY: A STUDY ON WOMEN SUBJECTED TO INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION(ICSI)
تأثير التغيرات الهرمونية في الدم و السائل الحويصلي المبيضي على العقم :دراسة على مريضات يخضعن للحقن ألمجهري للحيمن

المؤلفون: Abdul Aziz Ahmed --- Basima Sh. Al-Ghazali
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Sixty two infertile women with ovulatory cause of infertility (group A) who undergo ICSI were enrolled in the study . The study also includes 30 women with male cause of infertility, who also undergo ICSI and regarded as control group (group B). Both groups of women were subjected to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation methods . At the day of ovum pickup hormone analysis of blood and follicular fluid(FF) were done to measure estradiol (E2) , testosterone , leptin and antimullerian hormones (AMH) . Blood and FF leptin and testosterone levels were significantly higher ( P< 0.05) in group A women in comparison with group B while FF and blood AMH level were significantly lower( P< 0.05) in group A in comparison with group B. Blood and FF leptin, and testosterone levels were significantly higher ( P< 0.05) group A women with BMI equal or more than 25kg/m² in comparison with group A women with BMI less than 25kg/m² . Blood and FF estradiol and AMH level were significantly higher (P< 0.05) in group A women aged 17 – 29 years in comparison with group A women aged 30 – 42 years. Blood and FF testosterone and leptin levels were significantly higher (P< 0.05) in group A women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in comparison with group A with non PCOS . There were significant correlations between blood and FF leptin, E2, and AMH levels in group A. There were also significant correlations between blood testosterone and AMH , and between blood E2 and AMH in group A . There were a significant correlation between FF testosterone and E2, between FF testosterone and AMH, between FF testosterone and leptin, and between FF estradiol and AMH of group A women .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evidence of Imam Ali - the linguistic lexicon Salam in the eye Statistics and study
شَوَاهِدُ الإِمَامِ عليٍّ – عليه السلام- اللُّغَوِيَّةُ فِي مُعْجَمِ العَيْنِ إِحصـاء ودراسـة

المؤلفون: أحمد حسن منصور
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

This research aims to shed light on an important aspect of language use of evidence from, namely lexical side, taking the words of Imam Ali peace be upon him a field research for the study; what the words of this man of high standing eloquence and linguistic prestigious. Find the lexicon eye was limited; being the first dictionary of Arabic integrated near Covenant time-Imam, hoping to continue the search later in the late dictionaries. The research results of the monitoring group, most notably the lack of evidence of the Imam in the lexicon eye, amounting to ten linguistic evidence only.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of dietary supplementation with cumin seeds oil (Cuminum cyminum) in physiological traits of White Leghorn males
تأثير إضافة زيت بذور الكمون الى العليقة في الصفات الفسلجية لذكور دجاج اللكهورن الأبيض

المؤلفون: حسنين نشأت عزت
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the Poultry Farm / Department of Animal Resources / College of Agricalture / Baghdad University during the period from 18/3/2014 to 22/4/2014 to study the effect of adding various diatery of cumin seeds oil to develope the physiological traits of layer hens males .A total of 21 layer hens males at age of one year were used , they were distrubuted randomly to three dietary treatments each treatment included one replicate pen (7 Rooster) , the males fed a finisher diet pure level protien 19.98 % and metabolisim energy 2900 Kg / Kcal , add tow level for common seeds oil 2.5 ml ,5 ml / 10 Kg for treatment T2,T3 respectively Results revealed that there is no significent diffrences between treatments in the (Cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein , total protein)while there is a Significent diffrences were observed among treatments in the average blood glucose the treatment three showed superiority at the first period where recorded 393.2 Mg/100 Ml , and when High density Lipoprotein was measured T2 showed superiority up on the other treatments where recorded 74.3 Mg/100 Ml as compared with treatments T1 , T2 where recorded 66.9 , 58.5 respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Measurement and classification of dangerous levels of traffic accidents in the provinces of Iraq
قياس وتصنيف مستويات خطورة حوادث المرور في محافظات العراق

المؤلفون: سلام فاضل علي --- عدي فاضل عبد
الصفحات: 7-24
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الخلاصة

لا شك إن الحوادث هي احد الآثار السلبية لنمط التنمية السائد في اي منطقة فمشكلة حوادث المرور في حجمها وإبعادها الحالية ما هي إلا انعكاس سالبي نجم بفعل عجز أساليب وأنماط التنمية المطبقة عن ضبط وتوجيه العلاقات والعمليات بين عناصر العملية المرورية من ناحية وبين منظومة النقل والمنظومات التنموية الأخرى من ناحية ثانية , ولكي يتم وضع حلول مناسبة لهذه المشكلة او على الأقل التقليل من أثارها السالبة فأنة لابد من التعامل معها من منظور تنموي شامل , والحديث عن مستويات خطورة حوادث المرور في محافظات العراق لا يعني فقط الحديث عن نتائج هذه الحوادث او عن الخسائر الناجمة عنها , بل يتطلب كذلك الاهتمام بالأسباب الحقيقية التي أدت الى اختلاف مستويات خطورة هذه الحوادث من محافظة إلى أخرى , وهذا يتطلب دراسات تفصيلية عن عناصر العملية المرورية الأربع المركبات , الطرق , السائقين , والمشاة وكذلك عن التفاعل الذي يتم بين هذه العناصر وكيفية حدوث ان تضمين عناصر العملية المرورية الى جانب النتائج الناجمة عنها في حساب مستويات خطورة حوادث المرور كما هو الحال في أسلوب معامل الطرق هو سبيل الوحيد الذي يعمل على إيضاح الرؤية ويمكن من وضع السياسات والاستراتيجيات الملائمة لحل هذه المشكلة او على الأقل التخفيف من وحدتها. يلاحظ وجود تباين ملموس في مستويات خطورة حوادث المرور بين محافظات العراق في كلا الأسلوبين المستخدمين في حساب هذه المستويات , ولكن أيضا هناك تباين في نتائج الأسلوبين كما يظهر في جد ول(6) وهذا ناجم بالدرجة الأولى عن اعتماد أسلوب معدل الخطورة فقط على نتائج العملية المرورية , بينما ربط الأسلوب الثاني وهو معامل مجموع الرتب نتائج حوادث المرور مع عناصر العملية المرورية على شكل مؤشرات أعطت صورة أكثر وضوحا عن واقع مستويات خطورة حوادث المرور في محافظات العراق .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Hoagland Solutions , Complete , Lacking for Macro and Micro – Nutrients and their Roles in Controlling of Ageing Phenomenon in Mungbean Cuttings
تأثير محاليل هوكلاند المتكاملة والمنقوصة للعناصر الكبرى والصغرى ودورها في السيطرة على ظاهرة التعمير في عقل الماش

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الخلاصة

Rooting response of good mungbean cuttings for 72 h in D/H2O was declined by (65.3%) and (41.3%) in terms of root number and root length respectively compared to Complete Hoagland Solution (C.H.S) . Howeever , the absence of any Macro- and Micro – elements has significantly a negative impact on root length that developed in aged cuttings at probability level (0.01) except absence of calcium (Ca) . In addition , results were showed that rooting response was also declined in cuttings supplied with all Hoagland solution lacking for (HSLF) Macro – and micro elements at (0.05) level. The lower values , in particular , with cuttings aged in HSLF (Zn) and (K) caused reduction by 58.4% and 49.8% respectively compared to the control (C.H.S) , except the significant increase (32.4%) in the solely treatment of HSLF (B) that stopped partially the proceses that occurred during ageing period and causes a decline in rooting response. The later case was conicided with an increase of free IAA to its max. level (1.016) mM , moderate increase in free ABA , in addition to a decrease of free cytokinin to the lowest level in primary leaves. Moreover , in terms of anti – oxidants , total ASA was increase in HSLF (B) in addition to decrease of catalase and SOD activity while IAA-O was increased moderetly in a rate that coincided with increase in IAA level as mentioned above. In addition to unchanged chlorophyll content , decline of transipiration rate to a lowest level that accompanied a decline in protein content (43.1%) and total carbohydrate (20.3%) by maintaining high ratio of N/C in primary leaves of aged cuttings. Key words : Adventitious rooting , Ageing , Ascorbate , Auxins , Carbohydrate , CAT , Macro – nutrients , Micro-nutrients , Modefied Hoagland Solution , Plant hormones , Mungbean cutting , Proline , Protein , Transpiration .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Affordable Housing and Ways to Achieve Lower Cost and Less Period of Time
الاسكان الاقتصادي وطرق الحصول على اوطأ كلفه واقل مدة زمنيه

المؤلفون: Sawsan Rasheed Mohammed --- ghayath hamza
الصفحات: 13-31
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الخلاصة

A housing problem of the problems facing the countries, especially the developing countries. It is essential to provide housing units at the level commensurate with the rapid population growth. Many countries have applied structural policies to confront this problem by relying on the available material and human resources to provide as many housing units to occupy by those who do not have good housing for shelter. This research targeted the field of affordable housing units in general and the impact of use Structural innovative system in particular, and the impact of the implementation of the new system on the cost and Duration of time needed to accomplish. In order to reach the aim of the research was take advantage of previous research and studies in the field of implementation of housing units by insulated concrete forms technique shorten to (ICF) technique and adopt this technique for the implementation of residential complexes. The research reached to propose a new technique for the construction of housing units by the construction of a typical residential house at the headquarters of the General Authority for Housing using the proposed technique. An economic comparison was conducted between the proposed system for construction and traditional commonly used building systems of massive wall system and frame wall system. It has been found that the proposed system is better than commonly used alternatives to an economic life of 33 years,

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Molecular and Immunological study of Cutaneous Leishmania in some Iraq provinces
دراسة جزيئية لطفيلي اللشمانيا الجلدية Cutaneous Leishmania في بعض محافظات العراق

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الخلاصة

The study includes the Cutanous Leishmania distribution and the other parasites types in some governorates in Iraq. Specimens were included cases of outpatients hospitals like: Al-Karamah, Al-Sadir Teaching Hospital in Baghdad , Al-Hilla Teaching Hospital , Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital, Ein Altamer General Hospitals in Karbala ,Al-Sadir Teaching Hospital in Al-Najaf, Al-Karamah and Al-Zahraa Teaching Hospitals in Wasit , Al-Diwanyia General Hospital . Al-Hussein General Hospital in Al-Nasiriya, Al-Smawa General Hospital, Al-Sadir Teaching Hospital and Al-Qurna General Hospital in Al-Basrah during 2010 – 2011 and 2011 – 2012 from October to March . Leishmania infection of a dermatological is a major problem that faces the patients because it causes abnormalities in the infectied area . The study includes 330 cases of skin ulcer in which 225 of them were positive at the microscopically study by taking the fluid from the ulcer margin then a parasitic growth was done using two types of cultural media NNN and RPMI-1640 . The results has shown a considerable difference between male and female in which male was significantly exceeding 131 (58.22%)and female was 94(41.77%) and 139 (61.77%) of outpatients from rural areas increased in numbers from outpatients of urban areas, and only (38.22%)from urban areas .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The technical picture patterns in poetry al tuhami stylistic studied
أنماط الصُّورة الفنيَّة في شِعْرِ التِّهَامِيِّ- دراسَةٌ أُسلوبيَّةٌ

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الخلاصة

This thesis studied the technical picture patterns and Thakqatha in hair Thami; a poets Abbasid; as one of the most important means of production of significance, according to Sani monetary approach an interview, lets the recipient access to the deep structure of the text, after its parts analysis, sounding Oguarh, to stop at what Inmaz poet style, the technical characteristics, and stylistic features. Included research plan prelude view - Baajaz- About the life of the poet Abu al-Hasan Thami, followed boot two sections: ensure first talk about the sensual image and its divisions, while the second was me talking about the mental image perceived, to the end of this research bibliographic sources and references.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
HK-Space and Separation axioms of Spectra of maximal Sub modules
فضاء HK وبديهيات الفصل لفضاء الموديولات الجزئية العظمى

المؤلفون: Habeeb Kareem Abdullah --- Eman Yahya Habeeb
الصفحات: 32-38
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الخلاصة

The main purpose of this research, is to study the relationship between some the topological properties of the space Max(M) and the algebraic properties of an R-module M, and vice versa. We prove in this paper that if M is a multiplication R-module then M is semi local if and only if max(M) is an HK space. Also in our study we shall prove if M is a multiplication R-module and max(M) is an HK space then M is cyclic and we study Separation Axioms of the space maximal (M) which that we get the following results , If M is an M-top R-module and semi local then maximal (M) is T0 , T1 , T2 , T3 , T4 .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Molecular and Immunological study of Cutaneous Leishmania in Karbala city
دراسة جزيئية ومناعية لطفيلي اللشمانيا الجلدية Cutaneous Leishmania في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

This study was conduct to investigation the infections of Cutaneous Leishmania in karbala city , (73) of infections were in (2010-2011) and (125) were in (2011-2012) with ratio 58.4 % and 41.6 % respectively . The infections were distributed according to the inhibited areas of karbala governorate of following . 51 (40.8%) in EinAl-Tamir , 29 (23.2%)in Al-Husseinya , 17 (13.6%) in Al-Hur , 16 (12.8%) in the south quarters, 7 (5.6%) in the north quarters and 5 (4%) in the city center . The immunological study for the patients serums with L. major by ELISA technique has shown significantly raised in values of IgG and IgM during infection in comparison with the control group , then it declined slowly after treatment in which IgG was in mean (1811.1 ± 523.1 mg/dl) , and IgM mean was (166.7 ±23.6 mg/dl). Also, in L. tropica – IgG mean was (1722.1 ± 524.0mg/dl) and IgM was in ratio (25.3±182.9mg/dl) in comparison with control specimens , and then the mean have declined after treatment dosages with Pentostam drug. The cellular dynamics values have shown an significantly increase in which interferon- gamma (IFN-γ) in infected patients with cutaneous L. major were (5.5±113.2mg/dl) which declined after treatment abstractly to (3.0±6.05mg/dl) as well as for L. tropica (6.5±88.2 mg/dl) which shows no significant abstract difference after treatment with control . An increase appears in cytokine IL-10 that reached in L.major (9.8±215.0mg/dl) and after treatment was (5.1±9.02mg/dl) and in L. tropica was (8.8±115.0mg/dl) with no significant difference after treatment with control specimen .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Scientific intellect Tual and Social 1889- 1970
حياة السيد محسن الحكيم العلمية والفكرية والأجتماعية (1889- 1970م)

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد إبراهيم اليساري
الصفحات: 38-58
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الخلاصة

We conclude from the a bove that mr.Mohsen Hakim grew in the middle of an educatged family who interested in science and knowledge seminary .his father was one of the famous scholars of najaf .he was vron in 1889 in the city of najaf .he lost his father at the age of six years old . his brother , Mahmoud al – Hakim , gave him shelter and sent him to eminent professors such as shikh Ziauddin Isfahani .After ghat , he had showed signs of brilliance and earned a degree of diligence in the age of thirty years old . Woek in teaching come out of the hands of hundreds of students of religious sciences as well as leaving many accurate intellectual effects , provided the library with zarious Islamic sciences . He adopted a number of charitable projects such as building mosques and the opening of many Libraries and encouraging writing and Publishing. He also sent many groups of clergymen in missions to speared the principle of the Islamic religion. He also founded the Hijj mission for the first time and had prominent role in the Jihad against the British invasion with Mr.Mohammed said Habboubi 1914 , It was anti – government policies supporting Englishmen colonial powers that practiced terrorism against the Iraqi people and its role in weakening the role of the religious authority . he has innovative movement intended to notic governments strongly great bonding between the masses and the leadership of reference during his tour including many governorates and religious shrines / this has led to concern governments whish made them reconsider their addressive thoughts a dainst the religious institution . It was truly a renewed structural seminary institution and Teaching prestige after being wanted by the west and its allies to be a weak institution . He has continued this process until his death in 1970.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
On Conjugate Space of 2-Fuzzy Generalized 2-Normed Space
حول الفضاء المرافق للفضاء 2-المعياري المعمم 2-الضبابي

المؤلفون: Faria Ali C --- Alaa Malek Soady
الصفحات: 39-44
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الخلاصة

The main goal of this paper is to prove the extension theorem for 2-fuzzy generalized 2-fuzzy 2-bounded 2-fuzzy 2-linear functional in 2-fuzzy generalized 2-normed space. Also, the definition of the 2-fuzzy adjoint operator of 2-fuzzy generalized 2-fuzzy bounded 2-fuzzy 2-linear operator defined on 2-fuzzy generalized 2-normed space is introduced.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF AGE ON SOME PHYSICAL AND BIOCHEMIAL BLOOD PARAMETERS OF HOLSTEIN FRESIAN HEIFERS
تاثير العمر في بعض صفات الدم الفيزياوية والكيمياحيوية لعجلات الهولشتاين- فريزيان

المؤلفون: ALSAAB,H.K.J --- HOBI,A. A --- AL.ANI,A.A
الصفحات: 45-51
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at al-ameria research station ,ipa agriculture research center on 20 Holstein-Fresian (HF) which divided according to their age into five groups as follows; 3,5,8,10 and 12 months , The aim of the this study was to investigate the influence of age on some Blood parameters(hematological and biochemical) of young (HF) heifer in Iraq. Blood samples were collected weekly from October to December. The blood parameter studied were the hemogloin concentration ,packed cell volume ,erythrocyte sedimentation rate ,cholesterol concentration , urea ,glutamic oxaloacetic and pyruvic transamines ,total serum protein ,albumin and globulin concentration .Data obtained from this study indicated that different age of heifer (3-12 month) were not effected significantly on the whole blood parameter studied unless the glutamin pyruviat transaminase enzyme which increased significantly for heifer aged between 5-8 month than other. Also the beta globulin concentration was significantly increase for heifer aged between 8-12 month in compared to the young heifers.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Estimation of some genetic features of maize strains (ZeamaysL.) and the hybrids obtained from them under water stress
تقدير المعالم الوراثية لسلالات الذرة الصفراء (Zea mays L. ) والهجن المستنبطة منها تحت الاجهاد المائي

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in Agronomy Research Station Abu-Ghuraib in three seasons ( fall of 2012 and 2013 and spring of 2014 ) to assess the performance of six pure lines of maize (Dr-c-87 , AST-217, Dr-B-32, Zm-189, Pio-24 and MGW-12 ) and to obtain individual hybrids under 2 irrigation system ( irrigation at 5 days interval and irrigation at 13 days interval ) , as well as the estimation of hybrid vigor and its General Combining Ability and Specific Combining Ability with some genetic features . The pure lines mentioned above were crossed at fall of 2012 and cross hybridization processes were done in one direction . Comparisons of hybrids and their parents were conducted in fall season of 2013 and spring of 2014 , following Randomized complete blocksdesignwith 3 replicates . Results show the followings : Statistical genetic analysis show that there were a significant differences among the different genotypes ( lines and their cross hybrids ) in all qualities studied. This analysis also show that mean squares of General Combining Ability and Specific Combining Ability of the hybrids were highly significant in most of the traits for the two seasons except ear number / plant in the 2nd irrigation interval . The effects of General Combining Abilityfor all the characters studied were significant , particularly the line (6) which had a high combining ability and in the desirable direction for most of the qualities . On the other hand , The effects of Specific Combining Abilityfor the crosses were significant for the most of the traits . The hybrid (2×5) however , gave the highest of this ability for most of the traits and the dominance degree reached above (1) in all the traits . The heritability percent for the broad sense was high in all the traits and low in the narrow sense for most the traits and both the irrigation intervals . The above results indicate that the hybridization protocol is the most suitable in improving the traits .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Gibberellic Acid and Vitamin E Addition to the Drinking Water of Broiler Chickens on Some Productivity, Physiological and Immunological Parameters
تأثير أضافة حامض الجبرليك وفيتامين E لماء الشرب في بعض الصفات الانتاجية والفسلجية والمناعية لأفراخ دجاج اللحم

المؤلفون: Tahseen. A. AL- Saeedi
الصفحات: 52-58
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الخلاصة

Ninety chicks one day old were divided into three treatments. In which 30 chicks: control treatment was considered the first one, 150 ppm Gibberellic acid were added to the drinking water of treatment two, and 150 ppm Gibberellic acid and 30 mg per liter vitamin E for the third treatment. Weekly, chick’s weights were taken for the whole of studying period of 49 days. Liver weight, dressing percentage, and humoral immunity against Newcastle virus disease and liver enzymes ALT and AST were measured 2 times during the experiment. These 2 tests were done at 32 and 49 days old. Results of the experiment had shown no significant differences in weekly body weight and dressing percentage. Meanwhile, average liver weights of T2 and T3 were significantly higher comparing with the control on the age of 49 days at (p≤0.05). The antibody titers against NDV (both tests mean) were significantly higher (p≤0.05) in T2 compared to the average of the two periods for the third and the first sets individually. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) effect was significantly higher in T2 and T3 comparing with the first set at 49 days aged broiler chickens, but 32 days old test showed the reverse. On the other hand, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) shows no significant differences between treatments in both times. Generally speaking, significant increases in the average levels of the three treatments of AST and ALT at the second test (49 days old chickens) as compared with average them at the first test.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations Using Tanh and First Integral - Methods
حل المعادلات التفاضلية الجزئية غير الخطية باستخدام طريقتي الظل الزائدي و التكامل الأحادي

المؤلفون: Abbas Fadhil Abbas Al-shimmary --- Sajida Kareem Radhi
الصفحات: 59-72
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الخلاصة

In this paper we will apply the Tanh-method and first integral method to find the exact solution of traveling wave nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs.), These methods are powerful techniques to use symbolically compute traveling waves equations of nonlinear wave and evolution partial differential equations which a rising in a variety scientific fields , the methods provide a straightforward algorithm, two illustrating equations namely Fitzhugh-Nagumo and Burgers-Huxley are considered by each method in this study

الكلمات الدلالية

Tanh method --- First integral method --- traveling wave equation


Article
The results of Russian-Ottoman War(1877-1878)
نتائج الحرب الروسية العثمانية (1877-1878)

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الخلاصة

This research deals with the results of the Russian war Ottoman that occurred during the period between (1877-1878) indicating the most important factors that have resulted from the Ottoman defeat in the war and Russia's attempt to exploit the Ottoman Empire and expansion at the expense through force her to sing a truce Edirne and the Treaty of San Stefano was the search section to three Investigation eat the first part, the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and force her to sign a truce Edirne and the Treaty of San Stefano, while the second section dealt with the British-Austrian intervention and the abolition of the Treaty of San Stefano, and clear the third section and the end of the Berlin Conference officially Russian-Ottoman war.

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Article
Biological control of root rot of Cucumber by a Rhizoctonia solani
المقاومة الاحيائية لمرض تعفن جذور الخيار المتسبب عن الفطر Rhizoctonia solani

المؤلفون: كاظم زغير خضير
الصفحات: 60-71
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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted to assess the activity and efficiency of Pseudomonas fluorescens bacteria and the bio controlling fungi Glomus intradices and Trichoderma harzianum in the protection of Cucumber plant from R. solani and its impact growth traits under lathhous and field conditions. Results showed that , each insolation of the infected roots contained R. solani of cucumber plants from different regions of the province of Babylon ,leading to reduction of germination percent in comparison with the control treatment in which germination percent reached 99%.the R. solani isolate caused zero percent of germination . Results also indicated that, P.fluorescens + Glomus intradces and. P.fluorescens + T.harzianum and Glomus intradces + T.harzianum gave protection for Cucumber seedlings at 28 days of infection isolated pathogenic fungus R.s2 conditions under lathhous conditions where the infection intensity reached 18.75% and 12.5 % and 25%, respectively, compared with the control of the pathogenic fungus alone, which amounted to 87.5%.The same treatment under field conditions in the presence of pathogen fungus caused a reduction of the infection intensity by 16.25% and 11.25% , 13.00%, respectively ,as compared to the control treatment of the pathogenic fungus alone, 92.00% and a significant increase in the fresh and dry weight and lengths of root and shoot systems of cucumber plants .The for treating with the bacterium P.fluorescens + T.harzianum hare fungus caused the best result of lathhous and field conditions .All treatments on the other hand , increased significantly the fresh and dry weights and length of root and shoot systems as compared to the treatment with R.solani (R.s2) alone that causes Cucumber root rot.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The predictable of follicle and oocyte diameter through some overian and oocyte traits in local ewes
التنبؤ بقطر الجريبة والبويضة من خلال بعض صفات المبيض والبويضة في النعاج المحلية

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted at department of animal technical production, Al-Musaib Technical college from September 2008 to July 2009 to investigate the predictable of follicle and oocyte diameter through some overian and oocyte traits in local ewes. The ovaries were collected (300 ovaries) from (150) non-pregnant adult ewes (3-5 years.old) slaughtered at abattoir of Al-Musaib provine. The ovaries were transported to the laboratory within one hours post slaughter. Follicular fluid were aspirated from follicles for recovery and evaluation of oocytes. The results showed that presence of highest percentage of mature oocytes when the follicular diameter was between 2-3 mm and oocytes diameter ranged from 115-120 microns. Significant higher (p <0.01) in presence of percentage of follicles on left ovary, while there were no significant differences on the follicular diameter. Significantly increased(p<0.05) in oocytes diameter of left from the right ovary. The results showed also that the oocytes diameter increased with the increased thickness of zona pellucida a number of follicles. A significant positive correlation coefficient was found between follicular and oocyte diameter while the correlation coefficient was significantly negative between diameter and its maturation and between oocyte diameter and its maturation.


Article
Molecular Analysis of “E” Genotyping to Giardiasis In Ruminants In Karbala Province
التحليل الجزيئي للتنميط الجيني ( أي ) للجيارديا في المجترات في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة

المؤلفون: Rana A.Jawad Al-Obaidi --- Ghaidaa Abbas Jasim
الصفحات: 73-80
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الخلاصة

The current study included examination of 540 fecal samples of animals (180 cattle, 180 sheep and 180 goats) from the slaughter house at Karbala province. The animals suffered from diarrhea within the period from October 2013 to the end of June 2014, The current study showed the rate of total infection of Giardiasis was (277 of 540 samples). They were examined by smear method and using light microscope trophozoites and cyst phases of parasite. Molecular results showed in finding three assemblage genotype (A, B, E) and found mixed infection with genotype A & B in (cattle, sheep and goat), there is no significant difference at (P ≤ 0.05) to infection by assemblage genotype E. while the assemblage A there is found significant difference foundation. The foundation of genotype B no significant difference between three animals. Foundation of assemblage A & B together have significant difference between goats and cattle & sheep at P ≤ 0.05) while in cattle we found significant difference with genotype (E, A, B, A & B). In sheep and goats they have significant difference between the three assemblage genotype (E, A, B) and A & B together according to the infection by Giardiasis in animals in Karbala.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Molecular and Biochemical Study of some Toxins of Helicobacter pylori Isolated from Iraqi Patients
دراسة جزيئية و كيموحيوية لبعض سموم البكتريا Helicobacter pylori المعزولة من مرضى عراقيين

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الخلاصة

Helicobacter pylori have many virulence factors among them CagA and VacA toxins. Protein sequences of these toxins isolated form Iraqi patients were studied using different software. Results showed that amino acids composition is clearly differ from strains of other countries like China and Japan. Amino acids sequences had some conservation compared to VacA sequence(s). Hydrophobicity was the major character of the sequences. Amino acids segregated on different secondary structures : β sheets , α helixes and coils with non-homogenous patterns , some got all the structures , VacA (m and I regions ) devoted of α helixes , s1 has α helixes and β sheets , while s2 has only α helixes . Activity studies of CagA which depends on its tyrosine phsphorylation at EPIYA motif revealed that such sequence provide the environment for phosphorylation, since the insertion of tyrosine outside the motif showed no phosphorylation. The study indicates that all sequences are antigenic and most of them are virulent. Their interactions with other cell components using STRING database explain that the interaction is very complicated and depends on sequence.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis of the new 2-[6-Carboxy-2-Benzothiazolylazo]-4-nitro phenol organic Reagent to spectrophotometric determination of aluminium (III)
تحضير الكاشف العضوي الجديد 2-[6-كاربوكسي 2-بنزوثيازوليل آزو]-4-نايترو فينول لأجل التقدير الطيفي لأيون ألمنيوم(III)

المؤلفون: Aqeel Mahdi Jreo
الصفحات: 81-90
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الخلاصة

A new 2-[6-Carboxy-2-benzothiazolylazo]-4-nitro phenol (CBTANP) organic reagent was synthesized. A sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method was proposed for the rapid determination of Al(III) using (CBTANP) reagent .The reaction between Al(III) and (CBTANP) reagent is instantaneous at pH=8.0 and the absorbance remains stable for over 24 hrs. The Method allows for the determination of Al(III) between the range (0.02-2.5) μg.ml-1,with molar absorptivity of (9.76 x 10+3)l.mol -1.cm-1 and a detection limit of 0.015 μg.ml-1.Recovery and relative error values of precision and accuracy of method were found to be R.S.D=1.4% , Re=98.0% , and Erel =-2.0 % . The properties of complex was studied and show;(M:R) ratio was 1:2 at pH=8.0 ,and the stability constant of 1.228 x 10+10 L2.mol-2 . The interferences was studied of ions (Ni2+ , Ag+, CrO42- , Fe+3,Ca2+ , pb2+,Cu+2,WO4-2,MO4-2, Hg+2,Co2+ , Mg2+ , Cd2+, Ba2+ , Bi3+, Zn+2,Mn+2) and masking agents effect on absorbance were studied .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Military plans for AL – Imam AL- H ussain in AL- Taaf bottle
الخطط العسكريه للامام الحسين عليه السلام في معركة الطف

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الخلاصة

The Moslims affairs and the Islamic religion was about to fall down because of the destabilizing the Islamic concepts and the principals in the era of manya and yazid and the deviation has been uery clear in the lslamic nation . the religion was in dangor of disappearing and was about the edge of abyss . but the revalution that made by AL- lmam AL- Hussain (peace upon him ) which Shaked later the Islamic nation . so the every thine must be corrected . ln spite of that AL- Imam AL- Hussain excluded the military con flict and the evidence was that he accompaind by his family ( the woman and children ) but the conditions obliged him at the end to use the military style after failing the peace fulone . and when it reached to this stage which represented in auery amazing way in organizing and practicing in wars which then became an example that is followed py later because it carried asafe and success ful military plans

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Determination the Correlation between Estradiol Hormone and Some Clotting Factors in Pregnant Women
تحديد الارتباط بين هرمون الاسترادايول وبعض عوامل التخثر لدى النساء الحوامل

المؤلفون: Dakhel Ghani Omran --- Zahraa Chasib Hameed
الصفحات: 91-99
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الخلاصة

The present study based essentially to estimate correlations of available clotting factors involved in extrinsic, intrinsic, and common pathway and estradiol hormones of pregnant women. Women were included, in this study of these, (60) women were pregnant and sub divided into three groups according to phases of pregnancy (20) women at first trimester, (20) women at second trimester, and 20 women at third trimester). Twenty five (25) women were also recruited in this study and used as control group (non-pregnant and non-lactating). All ages of women were ranged between 20–35 years old. Concerning estradiol hormone concentrations in pregnant women, it have been found that the levels of estradiol hormone were insignificantly increased (p>0.05) during first trimester and significantly elevated (p<0.05) throughout second and third trimester in a comparison with control group. Data obtained from the present study indicated a progressive elevation (p<0.05) in the levels of fibrinogen (FI) concentrations throughout pregnancy period, and its concentrations confirmed a significant positive correlation (r = 0.825) with estradiol concentrations. Levels of prothrombin (FII) activities in pregnant women were significantly higher (p<0.05) than of non-pregnant and these activities correlated positively (r = 0.643) with estradiol level. Results of factor FVII activities (major component of extrinsic pathway) were insignificantly elevated (p>0.05) during first and second trimesters and tend to be progressively increased (p<0.05) during third trimester and confirmed a positive correlation (r = 0.523) with estradiol levels. Determination of major components of intrinsic pathway including FVIII and FIX. Their activities seen to be progressively increased (p<0.05) throughout periods of pregnancy and recorded a positive correlation (r = 0.375, r = 0.538, respectively) with levels of estradiol hormone. In conclusion, data obtained from this study and mentioned above may be due to increased efficiency of various clotting factors involved in different clotting pathway parallel with progress of gestation because of heightened levels of estradiol hormone, and these excessive activities tend to exert protective mechanism to prevent excessive blood loss during expulsion of placenta.


Article
Effect of Trichoderma Harzianum, Beltanol and Bion in protecting seed and seedling of Okra (Hibscus esculentus L.) from infection with Fusarium solani
تأثير معاملة الفطر Trichoderma harzianum و البلتانول (Beltanol) و البيون (Bion) في حماية بذور و بادرات الباميا (Hibscus esculentus) من الاصابة بالفطر Fusarium solani .

المؤلفون: محسن عبد علي محسن
الصفحات: 93-101
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to isolate and identify the causative agent for okra root rot disease and control it using some of biological and chemical induction factors. Results showed the presence of some isolates of Fusarium solani in all sites surveyed in Karbala province, representing the Center of Karbala city, Auon and Al-Salamia). It was also revealed that all the pathogenic isolates of F. solani had remarkable effect in reducing the percentage of cress seed germination with superiority of the two isolates Auon 1 and Karbala center 1 that fully prevented growth of plants compared with the germination percentage of the control treatment that was 100%. All F. solani isolates showed significantly reducing in seed germination percentage, and the highest influence seed germination was noticed upon applying the isolate1 (33.33%) compared with the control treatment (100%). Results also revealed that the antagonistic fungus Trichderma harzianum had remarkable effect on all F. solani isolates with antagonistic ability reached 1 degree according to the Bell standard upon using the antagonistic fungus with the F. solani isolate1 (Auon 1). Moreover, use of T. harzianum and the chemical induction Bion (B) under glasshouse condition also showed high efficacy against all isolates of F. solani. Highest percentage of seed germination, reached 93%, and less infection percentage as well as highest dry weight and plant length (0.97 g. and 32 cm, respectively) were found upon using T. harzianum against the Fusarium isolate 1. The use of Bion with F. solani 3 gave seed germination of 80%, infection percentage and inhibition percentage of 18% and 20%; however, dry weight (0.77 g.) and plant length 26 cm compared with the control treatment, wherein the seed germination, infection, dry weight and plant length were reached 100%, 0.00%, 0.68 g. and 21.67 cm. respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Criminal Preservation Environment From Pollution
الحماية الجنائية للبيئة من التلوث( دراسة مقارنة )

المؤلفون: سالم نعمة رشيد --- سلام مؤيد شريف
الصفحات: 94-112
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الخلاصة

For a long time, environment has not received the required care and protection legislatively. Especially after the scientific, industrial and economic progress, a lot of natural elements of the environmental have been lost and then become a source of epidemics and diseases. As a result, international conventions and national environmental laws prompt to intervene to curb the aggression on various elements and protect the environment from pollution for the survival of life. Hence, each state try to pass laws to protect the environment and the fight against the perpetrators of environmental crimes and with the strengthening of this legislation as a result of criminal force people to be respected. The goal of those penalties is to bring the public and private deterrence which is represented by removing the effects of environmental violations. The present study is divided into four sections. The First Section deals with the concept of the environment and its relationship to pollution. The Second one is devoted to present the legislative basis for the statement to protect the environment from pollution. The Third Section centers on analyzing the provisions of environmental crime through a statement concept and corners and penalties prescribed to her, but the fourth section we dealt with the provisions of criminal responsibility through explaining their notions, stages and penalties required. The study ends up with a number of conclusions and recommendations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Substrate Temperature on Optical Properties of Thermally Evaporated CuPc Thin Films.
تأثير درجة حرارة الأرضية على الخصائص البصرية لأغشية نحاس ثالوسيانين الرقيقةالمحضرة بطريقة التبخير الحراري

المؤلفون: Ali H.A. Jalaukhan
الصفحات: 100-105
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الخلاصة

Thin films of Copper Phthalocyanine (CuPc) of about 200 nm thicknesses have been deposited by thermal evaporation method on glass substrate at 303 ᵒK and 403 ᵒK substrate temperature (Ts) and under pressure better than10-5 mbar. This study concentrated on the effect of substrate temperature on some physical properties of CuPc thin films such as optical properties within the visible range. Optical characterization has been carried out at room temperature using the absorption spectra, at normal incidence, in range 200-900 nm. Absorption and extinction coefficients of the films so obtained have been evaluated. Both of these have been observed to vary with wavelength. The values of refractive index have been found to increase with increasing substrate temperature whereas decrease in optical band gap energy, for direct allowed transitions, with increasing substrate temperature has been noticed. It was attributed to the increasing of defects a round Grain boundaries due the phase transition from β –phase to α –phase and .

الكلمات الدلالية

Absorption --- Extinction Coefficients --- Refractive Index --- Energy Band Gap


Article
Variances estimationand genotypic,phenotypiccorrelation and heritability percentage in bread wheat (Triticumaestivum L.)under three quality of irrigationwater
تقدير التباينات والارتباطات الوراثية والمظهرية ونسبة التوريث في حنطة الخبز Triticumaestivum L.)) تحت ثلاثة انواع ماء ري

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الخلاصة

This experiment conducted by using plastic pots in the Department of Biology – College of Education for Pure Science / University of Kerbala for the growing season 2012 – 2013 usingfactional experiment within a completely البحث مستل من رسالة ماجستير للباحث الاول * randomized design (CRD) with three replicates and three factor were five wheat cultivars (IPA99, Al-Iraq, Al-Rashid ,AL- Fateh and Abu-Graib) and three quality of irrigation water (1.8 ,4 and 8 ds.m-1) and two potassium levels (120 and 180 kg K.ha-1) . The aim of this study to determine the best characteristics as selection indices with grain yield in bread wheat . Result showed that the broad-sense heritability of saline level at 1.8 ds.m-1 was high for each of the sodium concentration in the leaves , the ratio of potassium to sodium, potassium concentration in the grain , the concentration of protein in the grain , spike length , number of spikelets in the spike, number of grains per spike, harvest index and holds the grain yield , while the level of 8 ds.m-1 was the highest values for plant highest , and the weight of the root , the pollen sterility percent, the concentration of sodium in the leaves , the concentration of potassium in the leaves , ratio of potassium to sodium, the concentration of potassium in the straw , spike length , number of grains per spike . The higher genotypic and phenotypic variation on all levels ofsalinitywere obtained from the plant height, root length, the weight of the root, the pollen sterility percent , number of grains perspike,1000-grain weightandharvest index, so the chances ofsuccess ofthe selectionwill be the largestofthese traitsto the presence of largest variations. That highest genotypic and phenotypic correlations are positivelyandsignificantlyin the level ofsaline1.8ds.m-1 werebetweengrain yieldand harvest indexgaving 0.84and0.91respectively, the level ofsaline8ds.m-1hasthe highest genotypic and phenotypic correlations are positivelyandsignificantlybetween grain yieldandgrains perspikewere0.68and0.64respectively. Conclude fromthis studythat harvest indexin level ofsaline1.8ds.m-1 and thenumber of grains perspikeat thesalinelevel of8ds.m-1 can be adopted as selection indices because they were given the higher genotypic and phenotypic correlation and higher heritability.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Asses of Indoor Radon Dose and its Risks on children’s Health using Track Detectors: Case Study in Koya Kindergartens
تقييم جرع غاز الرادون و مخاطرها على صحة الاطفال باستخدام كواشف الاثر: دراسة الحالة في روضة مدينة كويسنجق

المؤلفون: Hiwa H. Aziz --- Jahfer M. Smail --- Asaad. H. Ismail --- Hawbash H. Karim
الصفحات: 106-113
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الخلاصة

In order to assess effects of long term exposure of radon gas, CR-39NTDs exposed to indoor radon during summer season in the rest halls (ground floor) of 20 selected Kindergartens of the districts of Koya, Iraqi Kurdistan. Ventilation rate affect on the results of indoor radon concentration for each kindergarten. Good ventilation got a low level of indoor radon as measured inside Papula Kindergarten: opposite of that of poor ventilation rate got a high level of indoor radon, as measured inside Hang kindergarten. Average of high value of indoor radon concentration (Bq/.m3), annual effective dose (mSv/y) ,and potential alpha energy concentration (WL) were equal to (45.459±8.546) Bq/.m3,(0.281) mSv/y, and (0.056) mWL, respectively. Results were compared with some international reports and references that used CR- 39NTDs to asses of indoor radon concentration. It was under the levels that mentioned in other references.

الكلمات الدلالية

Indoor radon --- CR-39NTDs --- Kindergartens --- radiation dose --- and ventilation rate


Article
Myth and the story in the right Jassim Asahaih hair
الأسطورة والحكاية في شعر جاسم الصحيّح

المؤلفون: سها صاحب القريشي --- محمد حسين علي حسين
الصفحات: 113-131
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الخلاصة

The poet Jasim right is one of those poets who did not limit themselves to draw their attention to the presence of a great balance of types of general Arab heritage and Saudi especially as a son of a conservative society deals with the gains inherited carefully and reverence and assesses its weight in the walks of life, but opened up to add to the Arab heritage General Islamic heritage and the world entered the collective consciousness circle thus achieving diversity and fascinate relying on his talent, vision and method of interaction with and what his reading of Aah, those things that stand out depending on her every poet from the other. Popular literature representing legendary heritage and folk tales reference another hired by the poet in Closed modernist problematic phenomenon inspired the poet, like other poets have been through the production of heavy poems that carry the heritage character of the investment process of this inspiration in giving poetic discourse kind of expanse of time and head with blood new regain its vitality, has been divided into two research first eating the poet's life and literary Closed second and eating legend and folk tales and Conclusion.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
On fuzzy i-open sets and fuzzy iα-open sets
والمجموعة الضبابية i المجموعة الضبابية المفتوحة من النوع- iα المفتوحة من النوع

الصفحات: 114-119
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we introduce a new class of fuzzy open sets in fuzzy topological spaces; fuzzy i-open set and fuzzy iα-open set and some of their properties are obtained.


Article
USING OF SOME CHEMICAL AND BIOCONTROL AGENTS TO CONTROL OF CUCUMBER ROOT ROT DISEASE CAUSED BY Rhizoctona solani Kuhn
استخدام بعض العوامل الكيميائية و الاحيائية لمكافحة مرض تعفن جذور الخيار المتسبب عن الفطر Rhizoctona solani Kuhn

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to isolate and identify the pathogen of cucumber root rot disease from Babylon fields. And to test the activity of some biocontrol agents against it under laboratory and lath house conditions . The results showed the presence of cucumber root rot disease in all surveyed districts of Babylon region. The results of Isolation and identification showed the presence of 4 isolates of Rhizoctonia solani fungus, the test of pathogencity for isolates showed that all isolates caused a significant reduction of cabbage seed germination percentage, most isolates of R. solani Rh2 were pathogenic and prevent seed germination completely compared to control 100 %. also the Rh 2 and Rh1 isolates affected on cucumber seed germination which was 0.0 and 16.7% respectively compared to control 100%. Trichoderma harzianum had high antagonistic ability to the R . solani with inhibitory rate 74 .8 % whereas, the Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis bacteria prevented growth of fungus completely, results showed the concentrations of bacterial suspension caused high antagonistic ability against pathogen giving 100 % in 10 , 25 , and 50 % whereas, the 1% concentration was affective on fungal radial growth to 0.67 and 1.0 cm for P. fluorescens and B. subtilis respectively and inhibition rate was 88.8 and 92.5% respectively. The results showed that all biocontrol agents treatments which were included T. harzianum and the Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis bacteria caused significant reduction of disease incidence and severity of cucumber root rot under lath house conditions and closed to Beltanol fungicide activity. On the other hand, all biocontrol agents which added alone to plant caused a significant increase in plant height, wet and dry weight compared to control without pathogen. These results appeared that the ability to use the biocontrol agent to cucumber root rot caused by Rhizoctona solani Kuhn as alternative method to reduce using and damages of chemical fungicides.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Generalization of Fuzzy Laplace Transforms for Fuzzy Derivatives
تعميم تحويلات لابلاس الضبابية للمشتقات الضبابية

المؤلفون: Amal K. Haydar --- Hawrra F. Mohammad Ali
الصفحات: 120-137
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الخلاصة

The main aim of this paper is to find the general formula to the fuzzy derivative of the -th order and the general formula for fuzzy Laplace transforms to the fuzzy derivative of the -th order by using generalized H-differentiability.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Response of Sharabi apple seedling budded on omara rootstock to IAA and sprying intervals with the nutritive solution Grow More
استجابة شتلات التفاح الشرابي المطعمة على اصل تفاح عمارة للمعاملة بالــ IAA وفترات الرش بالمحلول المغذي الجرومور في قوة نمو الطعوم النامية

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الخلاصة

This investigation was conduced during Sep. 2008 to Oct .2009 in the Hort. & Fors . Station – Mahaweel to find out the impact of the treatment of the Sharabi apple seedlings with indole- acetic acid (0, 50, 100 and 150 mgl ) and spray of the budded seddlings on Omara rootstock with nutritive solution Grow more with intervals 15, 30 days on the growth vigorous of the seedlings and the content of their leaves Of some mineral elements. Results show that 150 mgl IAA resulted in higher means of most of the trains studied and the leaf mineral content . On the other hand spray of the nutritive solution each 15 days interval augmented significantly the means of all the characters under investigation. However, the interaction of the abovementioned levels of the two experiment factors gave the highest means of the qualities studied.


Article
Back in the transportation provision of successive In the light of the Iraqi transport Law No. 80 of 1983 (A comparative study)
الرجوع في النقل المتعاقب في ضوءِ قانونِ النقلِ العراقيِّ رقم 80 لسنة 1983 ( دراسة مقارنة )

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الخلاصة

Transport occupies in the contemporary reality of great significance in terms of internal exchange and international trade, it represents in fact nerve of the trade in each term, as long as it leads to the provision of raw materials, merchandises and transportation sources of production to consumption and investment markets, and if the original in that the transport is usually done by the similarity of the aspects of commercial activity, not the carrier’s ability to complete it with what is required to provide the best means of transport with full preparations to carry it out, and the lack of transmission lines regularly and directly to the same places for reasons of geography or economic, found new forms of transportation through which transfer until delivery to the destination. As well as the exchange of merchandises carried in the hands of more than one carrier in succession during the journey from the place of shipment until discharged in the first place of arrival to receive it then to the consignee. Perhaps the most prominent of these forms and what is today the most serious in my international transactions (successive transport) or, as termed by some (sequential transport) or (direct). As the focus is mainly on successive trade between different countries separated by a geographical area of international, is this exchange operations for ways to import and export of raw materials, merchandises and other merchandises and other funds transferred. The reference in the transportation revolving of the most important issues and complex at the same time what might raise conflicts create for the special nature of this type of transport and which require multiple carriers actors in the implementation of the various stages, and whether they arise among the passengers and the senders or consignees and successive carriers, or between believers and the successive carriers, or between passengers or messengers and the believers, or between successive carriers themselves.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF RESIDENTIAL WASTE SOLID IN THE CITY OF KARBALA
التباين المكاني للنفايات المنزلية الصلبة في مدينة كربلاء .

المؤلفون: رياض محمد المسعودي --- مؤيد ساجت الحيدري
الصفحات: 132-154
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الخلاصة

There is no doubt that amount of the domestic rubbish in Karbala ditteres according to many human beings and geographical changes . The solid residential waste generated from the city reached to 439321 ton per day in 2014 with the average of 0.685 kg per day for a person. The anticipated amounts for 2024 will reach 873316 tons per day with the average of 0.988 kg per day for a person. The study also shows that there is difference in the quantity of waste according to seasons. The highest amount of waste recorded was in summer with 5.014 kg per day for a family, while the lowest amount was in winter with 4.103 kg per day for a family. Concerning the components of waste, the study shows that food waste is the highest rate among other components of solid waste with 56.6 , whereas leather and wooden waste was the lowest component with 0.4 % for each. the waste management system which is employed in city do not follow an organized and correct scientific method due to the lack of environmental awareness and bad management provided by the authorities in charge. In addition to that the low finances allotted to waste management resulted in the lack of infrastructure needed. Moreover, there is the large decrease in the number of machinery and labor force necessary for collecting and transforming waste .It is necessaviy to collet and transfor these rubbish , collecting, later processing and disposal of waste with the lesser environmental consequences possible. It recommends that the present dump site become a transfer station (joint), at the same time assuring the need for constructing the site proposed by Karbala municipality as it conforms to the Iraqi and the international standards of place and environment. The study also stresses the necessity of constructing recycling factories for waste of different components in order to have sustainable management and to be able to benefit from its outcome in various economical, hygienic and environmental aspects of Karbala city.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Experimental study of charge injection from gold/aluminium into regioregular poly (3-hexylthiophene)
دراسه تجريبيه لحقن الشحنات من الذهب / الالمنيوم –rrP3HT كداله لطول قناة القطبين

المؤلفون: Bestoon T. Mustafa --- Hewa Y. Abdullah --- Saman Q. Mawlood
الصفحات: 138-145
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الخلاصة

The nature of charge injection has been investigated across the gold (Au) / aluminium (Al) - regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene), rrP3HT, interface as a function of channel length of the two electrodes. The sheet resistance (R_□(□)) of rrP3HT in contact with Au/Al electrodes and contact resistance (bottom contact and top contact) are also measured. Sheet resistance was found to be 8×〖10〗^8 Ω/□. The total resistance (R_t) increases from 12.5 to 33 MΩ as the channel length (L) increases between 20 and 80 µm at room temperature. The I-V characteristics of a Au (bottom)/P3HT/Au (top) sandwich cell and Al/P3HT/Al contacts are analyzed by using the Keithley source-measure unit for all samples separately and the hole barrier height at the top and bottom contacts has been estimated. I-V curve shows ohmic contact and nonohmic properties (nonlinear) of the Au/P3HT/Au and Al/P3HT/Al interfaces respectively.


Article
On fuzzy fractional differential equations using Riemann-Liouville derivative
حول معادلات تفاضلية ضبابية كسورية باستخدام مشتقة ريمان- ليوفيل

المؤلفون: Ruaa Hameed Hassan --- Amal K.Haydar
الصفحات: 146-155
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الخلاصة

The main aim of this paper is to find the formulas of fuzzy fractional derivatives of order and the formulas of fuzzy Laplace transforms for fuzzy fractional derivatives of order using Riemann-Liouville derivative and H-differentiability.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of dietary supplementation with different levels of lycopene in live weight and weight of main parts of carcasses in males of local geese.
تأثير اضافة مستويات مختلفة من الليكوبين الى العليقة في الوزن الحي و وزن قطعيات الذبيحة لدى ذكور الوز المحلي.

المؤلفون: ثامر كريم الجنابي
الصفحات: 155-159
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the poultry farm of Animal Resource department / College of Agriculture / University of Baghdad during the period from 20/11/2013 to 28/3/2014 to investigate the effect of different levels of dietary supplementation of lycopene in live weight , weight of carcasses, breast ,back , gizzard,wings,heart,neck and thigh of male local geese. A total of 24 local male geese , two years old, were randomly divided in to four groups according to concentrations of lycopene that add to the diet 0,300,600 and 900 mg/kg of diet were add to T1,T2,T3 and T4 respectively . Birds were fed during the whole period on diet contain 15.2 % crude protein and 2927.3 Kcal metabolic energy / kg. Lycopene was added to the diets of birds at the beginning till the end of experiment period. The birds were reared in single separated cages during the experiment period.Results revealed that dietary supplementation with different levels of lycopene resulted in: Significant increase in live weight and weight of carcase, breast ,back , Gizzard and wings compared with control group. Whereas , there was no Significant effected in weight of heart , neck and thighs compared with control group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Enhancement effect of almond oil on transdermal penetration of flurbiprofen topical gel
تأثير زيت اللوز على النفوذية الجلدية لمادة (flurbiprofen topical gel)

المؤلفون: Muder AL Haydar
الصفحات: 156-163
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الخلاصة

Flurbiprofen is related to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The aim of this study is to investigate use of almond oil as enhancer to increase drug skin penetration. Five selected formulas of flurbiprofen gel with five different concentration of almond oil were prepared. Only one formula was prepared without almond oil. The prepared gels were evaluated for several physico-chemical parameters to justify their suitability for topical use. The in vitro drug release studies were carried out by using Franz cell diffusion apparatus across synthetic membrane. The permeation profile of various formulations also showed that the adding an enhancer in individual formula affected the permeation of the drug. Drug permeation increased with increased concentration of almond oil.

الكلمات الدلالية

flurbiprofen --- almond oil --- transdermal --- hydrogel --- kinetics release


Article
TheLanguage of poetry JawadShubbr
لغة شعر السيد جواد شبّر

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الخلاصة

The city of Najaf is rich for its scholars and Adbaúha and poets and gave birth to a lot of donating hair and men groundsel who kept their names engraved in the memories of the days when some of them got a little fortunate to highlight the offspring of poetry, including the poet Mr. Jawad inch which is one of the flags of poetry in the twentieth century, handles this search the language of Mr. Jawad hair an inch that characterized his language as smooth and clear as it orator Menbri and wants to reach his poetry to all segments of society, and Onmazat his wordseasily, clarity and distancing itself from Alhouca and strange and diversified its sources, and the methods and compositions have varied diversity intents and purposes, and came out of the true meaning to gloss metaphorical understanding of the context of the sentence

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Optimization of (ENT) clinic in Alhakem public hospital/Alnajaf
تحقيق الامثلية في عيادة الانف والاذن والحنجرة (ENT) في مستشفى الحكيم العام /النجف الاشرف

المؤلفون: سامي كاظم كريم الذ بحاوي
الصفحات: 160-176
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الخلاصة

This paper look for implementing quantitative methods such as waiting theory as one of the methods of measuring the quality of health service technique in the ENT clinic. The proposed method was tested the times of patients arrival, and the times of service provided to the patients according to the Chi-square test. This study proved that the time at the current state follow the first model, while it is follow the second model in the proposed state. The clinic characteristics viewed via performance scales of the model by (QOM Windows -QM program), and using the merging charts for entire (system cost, service, and wait) with the number of service centers. It's found that the optimal solution to the clinic is to creation a new service center in the clinic provides minimum cost for system which is less than the cost of the current clinic with a single center. The results of probabilities, performance, and block diagram providing clear data for easy decision-making to make optimal decision regarding the waiting time, the system cost, the number of service centers, and the number of auditors patients in a waiting queue, also it provides the possible alternative solutions for optimal solution in case of difficulties to implement the optimal solution. from the tables of the suggested patients visiting the clinic it is possible to know the peak of the auditors patients times which help decision-maker to implement the author recommends for reducing the waiting time and provide high quality reach the customer wishes from the services.


Article
Synthesis and the solubility study of new 2-substituted tetracycline derivatives using phthalic anhydride
تحضير معوضات جديدة للتتراسايكلين في الموقع 2 باستخدام حامض الفثالك اللامائي ودراسة الذوبانية لها

المؤلفون: Maha K. Mahmmod
الصفحات: 164-171
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الخلاصة

Two derivatives of tetracycline at position 2 have been synthesized via different ways. The first derivative involved reaction of phthalic anhydride with tetracycline at cooled condition to producing N-tetracycline phthalamic acid (II). The second derivative involved reaction of phthalic anhydride with tetracycline at hot condition to producing N-tetracycline phthalimide (III). Structures of the prepared compounds were elucidated on the basis of UV, FTIR and 1HNMR spectral data which agreed with the proposed structures. The solubility of the new derivative increase in polar solvent corresponding to tetracycline. The biological activity of the compounds suppose to be more than tetracycline and it was still to be doun

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Possibility of Using Ceramic Pots Manufactured Locally in Irrigation Applications
امكانية استخدام الاوعية السيراميكية المصنعة محليا في تطبيقات الري

المؤلفون: Fadhil Mohamed Al- Mohammed
الصفحات: 172-183
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الخلاصة

The improvement of water use efficiency in the agricultural field has a lot of importance in many countries, especially those with limited water resources. When applying the traditional surface irrigation or drip, sprinkler systems in sandy soils, a percentage of irrigation water lose as deep percolation that leading to reduction in water use efficiency. To overcome the above problem, ceramic pots can be applied to reduce water losses. The main objective of this study is to compare the seepage volume and seepage rate for three different cases of the ceramic pots are under atmosphere, buried in the soil, and buried in the soil with planting. The use of ceramic pots in irrigation is gaining considerable interest in sandy soils due to simplicity and auto-regulative capabilities of the ceramic materials. In this study, nine ceramic pots, of fixed shapes, volume was approximately 3150 cm3, were selected from local producers in Iraq. The experimental site, which is located on a loamy sand soil, was set up to investigate the volume of water seeps out of ceramic pot in different states. The results showed that there is a similarity in the cumulative seepage volume behavior for the buried and buried with planting cases, while different from what it is the atmosphere case. The yield for green onion per pot under ceramic pot irrigation is between 2.5 kg and 3.4 kg. It is observed that the water requirement volume between 303.6 l and 336.9 l are achievable with the applying ceramic pot irrigation. The results showed that the water use efficiency of green onion crops irrigated by applying ceramic pot irrigation is between 8.2 kg/m3 and 10.1 kg/m3.


Article
The Ottoman Attitudes toward Sanusian Call 1840-1911
المواقف العثمانية إزاء الدعوة السنوسية 1840 ــــ1911

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد شطب العبيدي
الصفحات: 175-190
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الخلاصة

This topic search in the nature of the relationships between Ottoman authorities in tow Provinces Tripoli and Cyrenaica(Barqa). This political administrative relation developed simultaneously with the emergence of Sanusi Call which was limitation it's interested the logical doctrine into a political one . The Sanusi call became en Emirate with wide boarders and had an influence in the connections with Ottoman state. It could be clearly noticed that this connection were affected , positively or negatively by the doubts of the ottoman Sultans, especially in the era of Sultan Abul Hameed II. It is certainly that was a great approach between Sanusians and the Ottoman rule of the time of anti- French opposition in Sahara . This cooperation with the Ottoman remain until the departure of the later who was left Barqa and western Tripoli behind as territories subject to the Sanusi principality .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Influence of adding oil sage (Salvia officinalis) and laurel oil (laurus nobilis) in ration on productive performance in Jappanes quail in summer season
تأثير أضافة زيت الميرمية (Salvia officinalis) وزيت الغار (laurus nobilis) للعليقة في الأداء الإنتاجي لطيور السمان الياباني في فصل الصيف

المؤلفون: محمد مرتضى هادي --- ايلاف مشعل محمد
الصفحات: 177-185
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الخلاصة

In order to know influence add medicinal plants oils like oil Sage and Laurel oil in diet of Jappanes quail and its impact on growth,amount of weight,feed consumption,feed convrsion factor and carcass traits.Used 248 quail chick from 1day -6weeks arranged into wooden batteries in animal production field in the Musayyib in the summer.fed the birds on basic diet with out adding oils and promised control(T1),add 2g/kg feed of sage oil for the second tretment(T2),2g/kg feed of laurel oil for thired tretment and 2g/kg feed sage oil and 2g/kg feed laurel oil to the fourth tretment (T4).The results showed that the addition of sage oil and laurel oil to the diet has an effect moral P<0.1 on bird body weight gain during the weekly education period of 6 weeks and that the addition of medicinal oils redused feed consumption and improved feed conversion efficiency and an increase in carcass weight and decreased in the percentage ofchest and thigh and increase in testicular weight compard with control group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study the effects of different non-specific ototopical antifungal agents to treat Otomycosis
دراسة تأثير مضادات الفطريات الموضعية غير المحددة لعلاج التهاب الاذن الفطري

المؤلفون: Abbas Razzaq Abed --- Ibtisam Mohammed Hussein
الصفحات: 184-192
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الخلاصة

The current study used three different types of non-specific ototopical antifungal agents (3% H2O2, 1% Iodine and 2% Acetic acid) against common fungi (Aspergillus niger and Candiada albicans) which cause otomycosis in animals and human. All non-specific ototopical antifungal agents used in this study have antifungal activity against Aspergills niger but in different activity where he showed 2% Acetic acid decrease in redial growth zone of Aspergillus niger on SDA media compare with 3% H2O2 and 1% Iodine (9.40, 45.00 and 23.60 mm respectively ) , also 2% Acetic acid showed decrease in MIC value against Aspergillus niger compare with 3% H2O2, 1% Iodine (0.32, 0.80 and 20 mg/ml respectively) .Also noted the highest inhibition zone(17.33 mm) in 3% H2O2 against Candida albicans on SDA media , while no inhibition zones were seen in 1% Iodine and 2% Acetic acid, while the MIC value of 3% H2O2 against Candida albicans was lowest (0.16 mg/ml) compare with Iodine and Acetic acid (0.80 and 1.60 mg/ml respectively).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A STUDY of Noise Level IN THE INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT IN KARBALA CITY BY USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)
دراسة وتوزيع شدة الضوضاء في الحي الصناعي لمدينة كربلاء باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية

المؤلفون: زهير عبد الوهاب الجواهري
الصفحات: 186-196
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الخلاصة

Healthy environment for human has become basic need to prevent psychological and bodily diseases, therefore the aim of the present work is to shed light on one of the main district in the city, that is, the industrial district devoted to crafts in order to find out how far it meets healthy environment requirements(in terms of noise). From the work on the area under study, the researcher has reached several conclusions from which (Craft businesses (such as car and truck repair workshops, blacksmithing workshops, car spare parts stores as well as sundry stores) concentrate in this area ,All workers in the district do not use ear-protection headphones ,Two thirds of them suffer from noise ,One third suffers from mild hearing loss, sleep disorder and high blood pressure, 16% of them suffer from stress, A noise level chart of the district should be made. It is worth mentioning that blacksmithing workshops and truck repair workshops cause more noise than other craft businesses, The district stands in need of green belts although they are stipulated in the sector master plan )

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The American Variable and its Impact on Iraq's National Security Strategy between (2007- 2010)
المتغير الأمريكي وأثره في إستراتيجية الأمن القومي العراقي للمدة (2007 – 2010)

المؤلفون: عبد العباس فضيخ --- جواد صالح مهدي
الصفحات: 191-202
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الخلاصة

There is no doubt the international and external changes consist the fundamentals that we have to take care about in every strategically planning for security , So this research aimed to discover the American changing role and Making its effect clear in the regional and national security . To discover the way Iraqi strategy dealt with the change emert and ther evaluate according real strategically view between the national and regional forces. The research must be done in to two levels , the first must deal with the s tragically in pittance for Iraq that Emergences' for economical bases and military and political bases that could be considered stragical aims for the USA to achieve its highs national interests . The second deals with the Iraqi position accordion to the American view of the security system in Persian Gulf and in wider way in Middle East , that leads to participating in building future strategy for the national Iraq security which is suitable to the external environment and surroundings and aims to achieve scale integration between the regional and national security of Iraq

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
FLOW THROUGH AND OVER GRAVEL GABION WEIRS
الجريان من خلال وفوق هدارات السلال الحصوية

المؤلفون: 1Fadhil Mohamed Al- Mohammed --- 2Saad Hassan Mohammed
الصفحات: 193-205
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الخلاصة

Gravel and Rockfill gabions are commonly used in hydraulic structures such as self-spillway dams, cofferdams, and head regulators for water distribution or other purposes. A laboratory experiments were conducted to study the influence of gravel mean size, which consists of gabion, length and height of gabion on its upstream water depth. The present study included two cases of flow regimes, through and transient flow. In this study, different gravel gabion weir models were tested in horizontal laboratory flumes of 10m length, 0.3m width, and 0.5m depth, for various weir lengths and heights using a wide range of discharges. Monosized gravel was used as filling material for the weir models. The gravel samples used in this study were three monosized gravel samples with diameters (-14+10), (-20+14), and (-25+20) mm. The results showed that for throughflow regime; upstream water depth of the gabion weir increases by decreasing the gravel mean size for the same weir length. In addition, for same gravel size, upstream water depth of the gabion increases by increasing the weir length. The results indicated that the relation between upstream water depth and unit discharge passing through gabion weir is linear for through and transient flow regimes. A positive and significant correlation was found between upstream water depth and unit discharge with an average R2of 0.99 and 0.97 for through and transient flow regimes respectively. Based on dimensional analysis concept, multiple regression analysis equations were developed for computing the upstream water depth of the gabion weir at throughflow and transition flow regimes.


Article
Interaction effect between sodium and potassium on Rooting Responce of Mung bean cuttings
تأثير التداخل بين الصوديوم والبوتاسيوم في أستجابة تجذير عقل الماش

المؤلفون: سحر عامر علي --- عبد الله ابراهيم شهيد
الصفحات: 197-205
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الخلاصة

Effect of sodium &Potassium chlorides and their interaction on rooting responce of fresh mung bean( Phaseolus aureus Roxb.)cuttings have been studied .Stem cuttings as an experimental system were taken from 10-day-old light grown seedlings under standard conditions (Continous illumination ,of irradiance of 1600-1800 lux ,temp of 25±1 Selezi and relative humidity (60-70)% The reselts revealed the followings 1-Potassium conc. was higher than sodium in all parts of the cutting . 2-The optimal Conc.of sodium was (0.001M) ,which developed the highest rooting response ,with an increase equal to 38.4% .whereas , for potassium was ( 0.1M)and with an increase of 132%,compared to control . 3-Equall rooting responces (12.2 roots)were developed at (0.001) M for NaCl & (0.00001M)for KCl (100:1 Ratio). Thereafter ,the response was increased with increasing KCl conc.until reaching the optimal conc.(0.1M) that stimulated the higher no.of adventitious roots (15.66) ,where the ratio become (1:100) .The latter represents the naturally occurring value of K+ in any plant tissue as many folds compared to Na+ (confirmed the value of point -l-.). 4-The interaction between the optimal.of NaCl with different conc. of KCl,as well as, the optimal Conc. of KCl with different Conc. of NaCl was represented by the combination of (NaCl,0.001M+KCl,0.2M) and( KCl,0.1+NaCl,0.0001M)respectively ,that developed the heigher rooting response. 5-Spraying of NaCl to the primary leaves of seedlings during 5,6 and 7 days (before the cotyledons shrivels & dropping off spotaneously) which already supplied with KCl to their roots, increased the rooting response by 58.2%.Where as the response was reduced to 25% in case of the situation was reversed ,by spraying the KCl to primary leave. Discussion was focused on the Antagonistic role of Na+ against k+ whether supplied together, subsequently ,or to stock plants before taking the cuttings.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effectiveness of the antibody diodes in the objective formation lament the Andalusian cities
فاعلية الثنائيات الضدية في التشكيل الموضوعي في رثاء المدن الأندلسية(دراسة تحليلية)

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الخلاصة

Antibody diodes in human life is a natural phenomenon, and human know terms employed these diodes to express his vision of the relationships between the components exist and perhaps poets, they are more people aware of the binary image of this, with them this awareness to employ diodes to express their implications noodles, hair lament cities carries the meanings of contradiction and dissonance and contrast, because his main goal is to uphold the right word and every connect with it , foil word falsehood and all its relevant, so grew the contrast in hair lament cities of opposite is faith and polytheism reversed poet in the form of overt and covert longer pillars rise out Find, most importantly, the right / wrong, faith / polytheism, Islam / disbelief, life / death, and meet conditions Almtdhadan were complementary, and the importance of the Party in isolation from each other.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Lipid profile, total protein, and albumin levels and it's relationship to the level of some liver enzymes in patients with chronic Steatosis Disease resting in al –Hindia Hospital
تقدير مستويات الدهون ,البروتين الكلي ,الالبومين وعلاقتها بمستوى بعض انزيمات الكبد لدى مرضى الكبد الدهني المزمن الراقدين في مستشفى الهندية العام

المؤلفون: Rana fadhil mousa
الصفحات: 206-215
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الخلاصة

This study involved 62 chronic steatosis patients(14 males and 48 females) with age (36-52 year) and 35 healthy controls (13 males and 22 females) were randomly selected and they were examined for dislipidaemia and liver disease. Consulting the outpatient clinic at Al-Hindia Hospital/kerbala city during July to Dec 2014 . For all patients anthropometric measures were obtained and fasting blood samples were taken for determination blood lipid profile, glutamic-Oxaloacetate Transaminase( GOT), serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) enzyme level, albumin, and total protien . All these parameters were diagnosed in all the samples under this research. The level of Total cholesterol (TC), Triglycerides (TG), High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), total protein(T.P), and albumin (ALB)were determined in the serum. In addition , GOT, GPT enzymes activity were measures. The results showed a significant increase in serum TC, TG, , the results also pointed to a significant increase in both GOT and GPT activity, in addition to a significant decrease in serum total protein, and HDL-C concentration where non-significant decrease of albumin in the serum of patient group comparison with control group . Aim of the study The aim of study is to investigate the correlation between the levels of lipid profile, total protein ,albumin , and liver enzymes in patient with chronic Steatosis disease for both males and females .

الكلمات الدلالية

cholesterol --- triglyceride --- GOT --- GPT --- Steatosis Disease


Article
Effect of Potassium and Iron on some vegetative and flowering parameters of tomato plant Lycopersicon esculentum Mill grown in plastic house
تأثيرالبوتاسيوم والحديد في بعض مؤشرات النمو الخضري والزهري لنبات الطماطة Lycopersicon esculentum Mill في البيت البلاستيكي

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الخلاصة

Afield experiment was conducted in a plastic house in Al-Tahriyah region/ Babylon Province during 2013/2014 season , soil texture was Loamy Sand with 4 levels of potassium fertilizer (0 , 15 , 30 , and 45 kg K/h) using K2SO4.7H2O, and 4 levels of iron fertilizer (0 , 25 , 50 , and 75 kg Fe/h) using Fe-EDTA, and their interaction on some vegetative and flowering parameters of tomato plant wogdan variety. 4 spraying date among 30 days each, The experiment design was according to RCBD with 3 replicates, means were compared using L.S.D at 0.05 probability level. The result show , the treatment (45 kg K/h) gave significant increases in plant height , total leaf No. , leaf area , plant dry matter , leaf content from chlorophyll, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium , inflorescense number per plant , and No. of flowers per inflorescense, giving increament percentages 33.62 , 22.95 , 22.78 , 18.10 , 24.79 , 40.94 , 72.97 , 39.16 , 47.25 , and 37.97% respectively compared with the control tratment. While iron spraying treatment gave increasing percentage 13.77 , 30.93 , 8.79 , 9.62 , 38.54 , 31.01 , 33.33 , 44.29 , 41.00 , and 16.65% respectively to the same above parameters . The interaction treatment (45 kg kLh + 75 kg Fe/h) gave the hieghest value of all parameters mentioned above.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of technological development in the paternity
اثر التطور التكنلوجي في اثبات النسب

المؤلفون: حيدر حسين الشمري --- عباس سلمان الاعرجي
الصفحات: 214-228
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الخلاصة

The impact of technological development in proving lineage By Associated Professor. Haider Hussein Kadhim al-Shammari - College of Law - University of Karbala The evolution in the techniques of artificial procreation brought about a quantum leap in the field to prove ratios are so many pieces of legislation, which means the rule of the family to fall short of what was called the issue of ratios of the judiciary in this state or that of resorting to the use or application of jurisprudential views spirit of the law. And techniques of artificial procreation are pictures of IVF and human cloning and DNA technology and different judgment in the issue prove descent from an image to another even in the same image, then it is different from the premise to another. They also differ from case to prove ratios born of his father, his mother from provable. This study will be limited in a statement to the issue of governance idiosyncratic prove descent artificial procreation techniques both in terms of jurisprudence, or Islamic jurisprudence, and will stand on the review Gel opinions without entering into details or review the evidence, but what it is needed. And we will divide this study in two sections: the first in which we take to prove lineage operations in artificial insemination, and the second: touching it to prove lineage scientific other methods. We will put results represents the most important findings and recommendations that could be drawn in this study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of Tribulus terrestris on reproductive performance of male rats treated with amloidpine
تأثير نبات الحسك في الكفاية التناسلية لذكور الجرذان المعالجة بالاملوديبين

المؤلفون: Mazin Hamid Ouda
الصفحات: 216-225
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الخلاصة

This study was performed to determine the effect of Tribulus terrestris in genital male rats treated with amlodipine. Twenty four animals from adult male albino rats were divided into four groups ( six animals per group), the first one is considered as a control group, the second group treated with 0.2 mg/kg of amlodipine , the third group where treated with 5 mg/kg of Tribulus terrestris and the fourth group is the mixed one in which the animals treated with both amlodipine (0.2 mg/kg) and the Tribulus terrestris (5 mg/kg). The experiment lasted for six weeks and then after the animals were sacrificed in order to the study of hormonal and pathological changes. The results revealed no significant increase in the levels of the testosterone hormone in a group treated with Tribulus terrestris as well as the study showed some histological changes are important for Tribulus terrestris represented with the increase in the development of sperms compared with amlodipine group which showed some negative effects. The study concluded that there was an effective reproductive efficiency of Tribulus terrestris in spite of the inability of the plant to minimize the negative effects of amlodipine.


Article
Spatial analysis of the outputs of technical education and vocational training in industrial Iraq and its role in the development of the industrial sector
التحليل المكاني لمخرجات التعليم التقني والتدريب المهني الصناعي في العراق ودورها في تنميه القطاع الصناعي

المؤلفون: سلام فاضل علي
الصفحات: 216-238
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الخلاصة

Studies confirm the importance and the role of the human element in the qualification process of economic development, and Iraq on the verge of a process of reconstruction and rebuilding is today in dire need of skilled workforce from Central and advanced cadres. The research aims to identify the main actors for Technical Education and Vocational Training in Iraq and contrast spatial, and quality of technical education output and vocational training to find out the difficulties they faced and the development of ways and recommendations to overcome them, as well as provide data and information on specialties and branches professional and the types of courses that prepare and qualify outputs technical education and vocational training that fit with the labor market in the industrial sector and the reality of the industrial sector and the size of the labor force and its ability to create jobs. The main problem of the research in the widening of the gap between education and vocational training sector and the industrial sector over the past years in the country by not first outputs 's ability to meet the labor market needs in the industrial sector in terms of quantity and quality, and the weakness of the labor market efficiency in the second (industrial sector) and lack of ability to absorb education and training institutions and to provide the appropriate output conditions to contain strong and make it a human actor to provide job opportunities for them. The problem faced by the industrial sector in Iraq is not the absence of such skilled manpower and moderation crisis management that sector, but this problem are closely not to provide specific and accurate information on labor market requirements in current and future manpower and specializations, qualifications industrial sector link so are building them the design of educational and training operations and technical professional, as well as weak absorptive capacity of the market of industrial action. The research found a number of recommendations and conclusions from them. • multiplicity of ministries, agencies and authorities charged with the tasks and programs of vocational and technical training and education, and this makes systems are fragmented and scattered, especially in light of the lack of coordination among them. Education system and vocational and technical training has focused in the past to give the attending skills that enable them to work in the public sector, it has played in that era an important role, but the current era calls for a change in the system keep pace with the requirements of this period in terms of focusing on public and private industrial sector and its requirements needs. • private industry support because of its role in providing employment opportunities to absorb the vocational education and training outcomes by supporting fuel prices and support the local product's ability to price competition with similar goods imported by imposing tariffs, provide standardization and quality control and prevent the entry of industrial goods devices is matching global competition with the specifications of local goods are committed to standards internationally approved or locally, resolving power crisis in the country, as well as the provision of funding and reduce industrial loans assigned to Canaan . new terms of reference fit the labor market needs, especially (plastic and oil industries, filter and disinfect water, maintenance and sustaining Ships, planes and formulation gold and other modern disciplines required

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of different concentrations of Turmeric( Curcuma longa L.) powder and BA on in vitro direct organogenesis from cotyledons of mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco)
تأثير تراكيز مختلفة من مسحوق الكركم (Curcuma longa L.) و BA في التكوين المباشر للأعضاء من فلق نبات اللالنكي ( Citrus reticulata Blanco) خارج الجسم الحي

المؤلفون: Abbas Hadi Hashem --- May Abdullah Razzooqee --- Siham Abd Al-Razzaq Salim
الصفحات: 226-235
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الخلاصة

Turmeric( Curcuma longa L.) plant is considered one of the important medicinal species belonging to the Zingiberaceae because it is rich with many active compounds. The aim of this research was to study the effect of Turmeric powder and BA on direct organogenesis from mandarin Citrus reticulata Blanco. Cotyledons which were used as source of explants as entire cotyledonary segments ( EC ) and longitudinally cuttings (LC) were cultured on Murashige and Skoog ( MS) medium containing 500 mg/L malt extract and supplemented with Turmeric powder ( 0.0, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000 and 2000 mg/L ) and BA ( 0.0, 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 mg/L ). The highest frequency of regeneration ( 100% ) was observed in the 2000 and 3.0 mg/L respectively in both EC and LC explants. The highest number of buds/shoots was 8.20 and 7.50 which obtained when EC explants were cultured in MS medium supplemented with 600 mg/L Turmeric + 3.0 mg/L BA and 2000 mg/L Turmeric + 3.0 mg/L BA respectively as compared with other treatments, while the combination: EC + 600 mg/L Turmeric + 3.0 mg/L BA gave the highest length (6.40 mm) which was significantly higher than other combinations.

الكلمات الدلالية

in vitro --- Citrus reticulata --- Curcuma longa --- organogenesis


Article
Alleviation of water stress effect by usingprolinein terms of some maize cultivars growth .
تخفيف تأثير الإجهاد المائي باستعمال البرولين بدلالة نمو بعض أصناف للذرة الصفراء

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in a private field at Albargah district (30Kms) northern east of Karbala city during spring and fall of 2012 growing season using plastic pot experiment. This study aimed to assess the effect of water stress , foliar application of proline and their interaction on shoot characteristics, of three cultivars of maize .The characteristics included plant height, leaves number, flag leaf area and shoot dry weight. A Factional experiment within Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.) was adopted i.e. three cultivars of maize namely: Serour , 5018 , and Baghdad-3, proline (0, 50,100 and 150) mg . L-1 and two levels of field capacity (50 and 100) % with three replicates in a total of 72 experimental units .Means were compared using the least significant difference (L.S.D) at 0.05 probability level. Results could be summarized as follow:Cultivars significantly differed in the studied traits .The cultivar Serour gave the highest values of plant height, leaves number, flag leaf area, shoot dry weight for spring and fall cultivations . Apart from some cases , 100% field capacity treatment gave higher values of most studied parameters.The interaction have a significant effect on all studied parameter.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME NEW PYRROLIDINE-2,5-DIONE DERIVATIVES USING ANTHRANILIC ACID
تحضير وتشخيص بعض المشتقات الجديدة لللبرولدين5,2-ثنائي الكيتون بواسطة استخدام حامض الانثرانلك

المؤلفون: Suzanne Jubair Abass
الصفحات: 236-242
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الخلاصة

Depending on anthranilic acid as a starting material tow amides 1 and 2 were synthesized through the nucleophilic substitution reaction with both 2-chloro- benzoylchloride and acetic anhydride respectively, which were then reacted with hydrazine hydrate or phenylenediamine respectively to produce the corresponding quinazolinones (3 and 4). These compounds in turn were reacted with phthalic anhydride and succinic anhydrides respectively to produce the corresponding pyrrolidine-2,5-dione derivatives (5, 6, 7 and 8). All the synthesized compounds were characterized through their physical properties and identified using the spectroscopic techniques which is: FT- IR and 1H NMR techniques.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The application of total quality standards in the Iraqi university libraries: Graduate Library at the college of administration and Economics / University of Karbala, as a model
تطبيق معايير الجودة الشاملة في المكتبات الجامعية العراقية : مكتبة الدراسات العليا بكلية الادارة والاقتصاد / جامعة كربلاء انموذجا

المؤلفون: اميمه حميد العادلي
الصفحات: 239-257
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الخلاصة

The application of total quality standards in the Iraqi university libraries: Graduate Library at the college of administration and Economics / University of Karbala, as a model ( Dr. aumaimah hamaid aladly ) The research aims to study the application of total quality management in graduate library in the College of administration and Economics at the Karbala University, the research community of teacher, and graduate students, where the sample adoption of deliberate strong (106), have been selected based on the actual use of library services, Questionnaire adopted as a tool to collect research data have been prepared based on the Standards Committee (ACRL) of the Association of American Libraries (ALA), and formed the Questionnaire of (74) items distributed among five parts, as both a measure adopted Likert Quintet, and weight percentile, and the arithmetic mean as methods statistically, has The research found a number of results, including:  limited technological information services provided to beneficiaries to provide electronic library services, which is comprised of databases on disks, as well as discs that include books and theses, noting the lack of computerization of the work of the library as a whole operations, and the lack of possibility to connect to library services, though in a narrow range over the internet. Find out as a number of recommendations including:  the need to initiate the computerization of business library, whether on the level of organization and technical preparation or at the level of the delivery of materials to the beneficiaries via the Internet, where he currently can library Under weakness allocated to support this aspect of financial amounts can initiate workers to invest what is their internet connection with a computer to take advantage Some of the services (web2) as a blogs and social networking sites for the purpose of communicating with the beneficiaries of library services

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Dynamic least significant bit technique for video steganography
تقنية البت الاقل اهمية الديناميكية للاخفاء الفديوي

المؤلفون: Wafaa hasan alwan
الصفحات: 243-252
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الخلاصة

Video Steganography deals with hiding secret data or information within a video. In this paper, a modified or dynamic based least significant bit (LSB) technique has been proposed to hide movie in movie. A dynamic LSB is a spatial domain technique where the secret information such as images, or video is embedded in the LSB of the cover movie (i.e frames) by selecting number of bits to be embedded. The idea of the proposed method is take away the least significant pixels from one image (frame) which is in cover movie and uses them to store most significant pixels of second image (frame) which is in hidden movie. The hidden image’s (frame’s) values are stored in the result frame’s least significant bits so they don’t add greatly to the resulting combined video (movie). The proposed method is analyzed in terms of both Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) compared to the original cover video with stegano video as well as the Mean Square Error (MSE) measured between the original and steganographic files averaged over all video frames.

الكلمات الدلالية

Cover video --- Dynamic LSB --- secret video --- Steganography --- Video Steganography.


Article
The interactive effect of proline and water stress on the roots growth of some maize cultivars
تأثيرالتداخل بين البرولين والإجهاد المائي في نمو جذور بعض أصناف نبات الذرة الصفراء

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in a private field at Albargah district (30Kms) northern east of Karbala city during spring and fall of 2012 growing season using plastic pot experiment. This study aimed to assess the effect of water stress , foliar application of proline and their interaction on some root characteristics of three cultivars of maize .The characteristics included root's volume, root's length, root's diameter and root's dry weight. A Factional experiment within Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.) was adopted i.e. three cultivars of maize namely: Serour , 5018 , and Baghdad-3, proline (0, 50,100 and 150) mg . L-1 and two levels of field capacity (50 and 100) % with three replicates in a total of 72 experimental units .Means were compared using the least significant difference (LSD) at 0.05 probability level. Results could be summarized as follow: Cultivars significantly differed in the studied traits .The cultivar 5018 gave the highest values of root's volume, root's length ,root's diameter and root's dry weight for spring and fall cultivations . Apart from some cases , 100% field capacity treatment gave higher values of most studied parameters .The interaction have a significant effect on all studied parameter.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Studies on some Metabolites, Ionic and Hormonal Composition in Ovarian Follicular Fluid and Blood Serum in relation to size of the Follicle in Iraqi Buffaloes
دراسة بعض المركبات الأيضية والأيونية والهرمونية في السائل الجريبي المبيضي ومصل الدم وعلاقتهما بحجم الجريبة في الجاموس العراقي

المؤلفون: H.M. Al-Rubaeae
الصفحات: 253-263
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الخلاصة

The objective of this study was to determine the biochemical composition of follicular fluid obtained from different sized follicles and it's relationship with that of blood serum in Iraqi buffaloes. Ovaries of adult non-pregnancy and healthy buffaloes were collected from each buffalo at the time of slaughter. Follicular fluid was aspirated from small (3-10mm) and large (11-20mm) follicles and also serum separated and both stored at -20ºC for further analysis. The follicular fluid and blood serum sample were analyzed using commercial kits. The results showed that the follicular total protein concentration difference between small and large follicles was non-significant. The follicular glucose concentration was significantly increased (p<0.05) from small to large follicles. The follicular fluid concentration of total cholesterol and triglycerides, were significantly decreased (p<0.05) from small to large follicles. The blood serum concentrations of the total protein, glucose and total cholesterol were significantly higher (p<0.05) than follicular fluid in the small and large follicles, while blood serum triglycerides concentration was significantly lower (p<0.05) than follicular fluid in both classes of follicles. The follicular fluid calcium and sodium concentration were significantly increased with enlargement of follicular size. The follicular fluid potassium concentration of small follicles was significantly decreased than in large follicles, while no difference were found in concentration of magnesium between small and large follicles. The blood serum calcium, sodium and magnesium concentrations were significantly higher in comparison within follicular fluid, while the blood serum potassium concentration was significantly lower than follicular fluid in small and large follicles. The follicular fluid estradiol and progesterone concentrations were significantly increased with increased of follicular size while the blood serum estradiol and progesterone concentrations were significantly lower than follicular fluid in small and large follicles.


Article
Image Technical place in the child's hair in the second century of immigration's
صورة المكان الشعرية في شعر الطَّف في القرن الثاني من الهجرة

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الخلاصة

a component of the poetic text, and through the delivery of the idea to the recipient, a major aesthetic focus, pulls imaginary parts of the text to each other, it is another version of reality, the most beautiful of it, or worse; it does not seek to emulate things as they are, but to simulate things as they should be, and for the image to the magic parity between metaphor and reality either relationship where the image of poetry has been one of the cornerstones of that Lunt's poetic atmosphere of beauty and luster of originality and remained This image reflects the psychological poet and accommodate his feelings and this Find deals image artistic place in.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of collection dates , type of stem cutting and application of different concentrations of Naphthalene Acetic Acid on some cutting vegetative growth indexes of mind yellow trees . (Salix babylonica L.)
تأثير مواعيد أخذ العقل الساقية ونوعها والمعاملة بنفثالين حامض الخليك في بعض مؤشرات النمو الخضري لعقل أشجار الصفصاف الباكي (Salix babylonica L.) .

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in the College of Agriculture / University of Karbala by using polyethylene bags in diameter (22cm) containing loamy soil and peatmoss mixture by volume of 3 : 1 during the period between the beginning of December of 2013 until the end of the November 2014 . A factorial experiment carried out by using a Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D.) with three blocks each experimental unit contained (10) cutting data were analyzed statistically and compared to the averages of the Duncan's Multiple Range Test at 5% to study the effect of three types of stem cutting (basal , intermediate and terminal cutting) , length (25cm) and diameter (6-8 mm) had been taken on three dates (4/12/2013 , 4/1/2014 and 4/2/2014) and treated with three concentrations of Naphthalene Acetic Acid (500 , 1000 and 1500 mg.liter-1) as well as the treatment control treatment , all cutting were rapid immersion for a period (15 seconds) on some vegetative growth of the mind of willow trees (Salix babylonica L.) . The results indicated that there was a significant differences between treatments in all studied parameters . Terminal cutting was superior in all parameters as compared with both intermediate and basal cutting , as well as the third date of collection significantly improve cutting parameters as compared with both second and third dates , also the cutting treated with third concentration of Naphthalene Acetic Acid concentration (1500 mg.liter-1) was superior in all parameters compared with control treatment .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Alwezara in Book Matmah al-Anfus Wa-masrah al-Tannus fi Mulah ahl al-Andalu for Fath bin Khakan (529-1135)
"الوزارة في كتاب مطمح الانفس ومسرح التأنس في ملح اهل الاندلس للفتح بن خاقان(ت529هـ/1135م).

المؤلفون: الاء حماد رجه
الصفحات: 269-283
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الخلاصة

In the Research I Spotiligted the Phraseologies in Al-Fath Book,It Clear that Book Was for those oF high Class and Writers. The Research inclu es astudy of Life and Works of al-Fath bin Khakan and an edited Presentation of His anthological Work.The Research devided in to many points,Life of al-Fth and his wirks in General,and discussion of personal Life and character of al-Fath and it deals with the education,intellectual Life,taechers,diferent Cultural and source on which he drew. The Research concludes with Abrief account of his student and the circumestances. Finally the Research concludes with the following.The Writer used the quoted from holy quran and poetry,people stales and old Nations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Knowledge level for owners of pomegranate trees orchards about pomegranate fruits worm Ectomyelosi ceratoniae and some methods of its controlling in Al-Hurr district / Karbala
المستوى المعرفي لدى أصحاب بساتين أشجار الرمان بحشرة دودة ثمار الرمان (Ceratoniae Ectomyelois) وبعض طرائق مكافحتها في منطقة الحر / كربلاء

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to determine the knowledge level for owners of pomegranate trees orchards on the worm fruits of pomegranate , some methods of control , determine the level of knowledge in each of the field of the insect, the area of some of the methods of control, determine the level of knowledge in each axis of insect control as well as to identify the most important problems that facing those owners in Al-Hurr district / Karbala in the field of combating insect worm pomegranate fruits.. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, a questionnaire has been prepared that consisted of two parts, the first part included the test to measure the level of knowledge included (46) items distributed on (4) axes within two fields: 1- knowledge on the insect which consisted of two axes: {a- description of the insect (12) item, b- diagnose the symptoms of infestation (12) item}. 2- knowledge on insect Control that included two axes: {a- agricultural pest control (10) items, b-chemical control (12) item}, the maximum degree of the test has reached (46) and the minimum zero. While the second part of the questionnaire included the problems that facing the owners of pomegranate trees orchards in the field of controlling worm of pomegranate fruits.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Spectroscopic Studies of thiadiazole octa dentate ligand with its binuclerear complex
تحضير ودراسة طيفية ثايودايازول ثماني المخلب مع معقد ثنائي النواة

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الخلاصة

The work included preparation of thiadiazole ligand and its complex. The ligand and complex of Co+2 Synthesis were characterized by FT-IR ,UV-Vis , 1H , 13C NMR ,Mass Spectroscopy and C.H.N.S.O elementary analysis. In addition to the molar conductivity and magnetic successpitibilty. Stability constant and mole ratio was carried out of prepared complexe. The thermodynamic parameters ∆H ,∆G ,∆S were measured. The spectroscopic studies and magnetic moments measurement showed the square planer geometry.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The possibility of partnership between the state and the private sector to strengthen Investment in the Iraqi economy
امكانية الشراكة بين الدولة والقطاع الخاص لتعزيز الاستثمارات في الاقتصاد العراقي

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الخلاصة

The private sector represents one of the important topics in the economic and social development of most countries in the developed world and the developing both the process, since he has the private sector of the advantages of a large possibilities to qualify to play a leading role in various economic and social fields, which made him the focus president in the process of change and re- air conditioning and restructuring adopted by many countries of the world, but we can say that the private sector has become a driving force of economic and trade wheel in the contemporary world and represents the active entity in the production and service operations that help to increase investments in all areas of economic and social activity in order to meet the needs of the community goods innovative methods and services in many investment projects and rehabilitation of various projects owned by the public sector currently parked or operating at less than capacity for reasons of non-availability of sufficient capital to operate it.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Knowledge training needs for date palm orchards owners with the palm stalk borer insect and some control methods in AI housinya region – holy karbala provin
الحاجات التدريبية المعرفية لأصحاب بساتين النخيل بحشرة حفار عذق النخيل وبعض طرائق مكافحتها في ناحية الحسينية/محافظة كربلاء المقدسة.

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الخلاصة

The research aimed to determine the Knowledge training needs for date palm orchards owners with the palm stalk borer insect and some control,and determine the relationship between the level of need knowledge of some control methods for the date palm orchards owners and some independent factors, namely(agriculture control methods, photo traps control, chemical control method) and needs for knowledge in each axis of the axes of the control the palm stalk borer insect .The research aimed to determine as well the most important problems that facing the date palm orchards owners in Al housinya region-holy karbala province. For the purposes of research, the researcher developed a test to measure the need for knowledge training for date palm orchards owners with the palm stalk borer insect control in a way(to choose a suitable alternative) which are (52) items distributed on (6) axis in two main space with three axes in the knowledge training for date palm stalk borer insect(insect description(7)paragraph ,insect life(10)paragraph,symptoms diagnosis(8)paragraph) and three axes in the knowledge training in some insect control methods(agriculture control methods(9)paragraph, photo traps control(10)paragraph, chemical control method(8)paragraph). Has one degree been given for the correct answer, and zero for the wrong answer ,and the highest score on the test is (52) and the lower grade is (0) zero. Data were collected from 6/20 to 2014/8/22 mediated by questionnaire and personal interview in a manner of proportional stratified random simple of date palm orchards owners which are (2995) orchards owners total, by (2%) and by (60) orchards owners selected from (50%) of the agricultures cooperatives societies in Al housinya region by (6) societies. The second part of the questionnaire contain the most important problems that facing the date palm orchards owners with the palm stalk borer control in Al housinya region. The result showed that the average scores for the general knowledge training for date palm orchards owners reached (25.41) degree and (%78.34) of the respondents were in the medium and hi level concerning the palm stalk borer insect and some control methods. The results also showed that the knowledge training needs was medium in the some control methods for the palm stalk borer insect at the rate of ( %56.67), while the knowledge training need for the palm stalk borer insect was low at the rat of (%45). The results also showed that the knowledge training needs for date palm orchards owners in each axis of palm stalk borer insect control (agriculture control methods(%63.4), photo traps control methods(%48.4), chemical control method(%65)). Concerning the problems that facing the palm orchards owners in Al housinya region-holy Karbala province in palm stalk borer insect control, the very expensive service for control came at the first important problem for the date palm orchards owners. The researcher recommends that it is necessary to work to meet the knowledge training of date palm orchards owners in the date palm stalk borer insect and control methods through the preparation and implementation of seminar guiding intensive training and specialized means responsibility of the Ministry of agriculture/Extension service the department and to in cooperate with the plant protection office to increase the palm orchards owners knowledge in this insect , and some control methods. The results also recommends for aid supporting and activation the plant protection to supply the date palm stalk borer insect control requirements lowest price.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Mistake and its impact on Penal Responsibility
الغلط وأثره في المسؤولية الجزائية

المؤلفون: علي حمزة عسل
الصفحات: 297-307
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الخلاصة

The reason for criminal responsibility either revenge, where the goal is punishment or the goal is to achieve social justice, for the sake of stability in society. This will ensure people will be in good behavior. The organized society will have the presence of rules and regulations in forced, whether the source of these provisions and rules of "Shari'aa" or man-made. The goal of these laws aim to distinguish the statement of rights and duties between forbidden acts and permissible acts, according to certain conditions and in accordance with human nature and the circumstances that surround it. Although criminal responsibility has been establishment an adult offender still bears his mental faculties and freedom of choice with his behavior as necessary which connects him to the criminal fact in order to check criminal responsibility. if this psychological connects is absent, this is no longer criminal responsibility. Its presence is linked to his presence and levels belonging to grades. This psychological connection is expressed in Islamic jurisprudence as disobedience, meaning violation of what was ordered by the "Shari'aa" (1). Some of the scholars of the positive law express it as sin, and some of them expressed it as unrighteousness (2). according to the reported Iraqi legislator from the definition of intent in Article 33 of the Iraqi Penal Code, which states that ((criminal intent is directing the perpetrator to commit the component of act of the crime aiming to result in a crime that took place or any other criminal result)) Thus, this text states to establish criminal intent on the basis of two components which are, knowledge and commitment. Knowing the elements of the crime and the will which is destined to achieve these elements. And these elements are determined by the legal form of the crime, as stipulated by the law (3). However, these elements are represented by material aspect of the crime, followed by all the circumstances in which change the description of the crime because it is one of the components of the elements which establish the material aspect So we can say, if no knowledge was found about the elements of the located criminal as a result of mistake or ignorance, the criminal intent respectively will be void, which will be considered as a judgment error in crimes, consequently the perpetrator will be punished on these basis (4). Thus, the mistake will be negated by the criminal intent. The "Sharia" equated mistake with error as stated in Quran ((ربنا لا تؤاخذنا إن نسينا أو أخطأنا)) (5). And the question that arises here, is it a failure of criminal intent because of this mistake that affects the existence of criminal responsibility or it is negation? This research will be divided into three sections: the definition of penal responsibility, being the first section. The second section relates to the mistake of the penal responsibility. The last one discusses the non-effecting mistake of the penal responsibility.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study on relationship of some metabolites changes with hormonal changes during pregnancy in Awassi ewes
دراسة علاقة بعض التغيرات الأيضية مع التغيرات الهرمونية اثناء الحمل في الاغنام العواسية المحلية

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted in animal field and laboratories which belonged to department of technical animal production, Technical College of Al-Musaib, to study relationship between some metabolites and hormonal changes during months of pregnancy in Awassi ewes . the study was performed on 15 pregnant Awassi ewes aged 2-4 years old. The results showed that the months of pregnancy was significantly effect (P<0.01) on hormonal concentrations of progesterone ,estrogen and prolactin in blood of pregnancy ewes , also this effect was significantly (P<0.05) on concentrations of glucose, while there was non - significantly effect on Concentrations of total protein and cholesterol .the regression coefficient of Concentrations of glucose was positive and significant (P<0.05) on Concentrations of progesterone , and negative and non – significant on Concentrations of estrogen and prolactin hormones . the results showed also that regression of total protein Concentration on Concentration of progesterone and estrogen was positive and non – significant , and the regression of total protein Concentration was positive and significant (P<0.05) on Concentration of prolactin hormone .regression of Concentration of cholesterol was negative and non – significant on Concentration of progesterone ,estrogen and prolactin hormones . In the present study, the correlation coefficient between glucose and progesterone Concentration was positive and significant , negative and non- significant correlation with both estrogen and prolactin hormones . the correlation between cholesterol Concentration and Concentrations of progesterone ,estrogen and prolactin hormones were negative and non- significant . the correlation between Concentrations of progesterone with estrogen and prolactin were positive and significant (P<0.01) ,and the correlation was positive and significant (P<0.01) between estrogen and prolactin hormones .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Political situation in Muritana from Iraqi Documents 1979-1982.
الاوضاع السياسية في موريتانيا من خلال الوثائق العراقية 1979-1982.

المؤلفون: حسين جبار شكر --- كاظم حسن الاسدي
الصفحات: 308-328
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الخلاصة

Al though History of Muritana very important,the Historan Studies no Written about it enough.Therfore came research political situation in Muritana from Iraqi Document 1979-1982.to Show the point important. The research includes th sahra problem anf arabican case and socity reforms and influence in political inter or foreign situation.also the research changing person presedentin Muritana republic. In the end research fixed many point as coclution.

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Article
The study was conducted in animal field and laboratories which belonged to department of technical animal production, Technical College of Al-Musaib, to study relationship between some metabolites and hormonal changes during months of pregnancy in Awassi ewes . the study was performed on 15 pregnant Awassi ewes aged 2-4 years old. The results showed that the months of pregnancy was significantly effect (P<0.01) on hormonal concentrations of progesterone ,estrogen and prolactin in blood of pregnancy ewes , also this effect was significantly (P<0.05) on concentrations of glucose, while there was non - significantly effect on Concentrations of total protein and cholesterol .the regression coefficient of Concentrations of glucose was positive and significant (P<0.05) on Concentrations of progesterone , and negative and non – significant on Concentrations of estrogen and prolactin hormones . the results showed also that regression of total protein Concentration on Concentration of progesterone and estrogen was positive and non – significant , and the regression of total protein Concentration was positive and significant (P<0.05) on Concentration of prolactin hormone .regression of Concentration of cholesterol was negative and non – significant on Concentration of progesterone ,estrogen and prolactin hormones . In the present study, the correlation coefficient between glucose and progesterone Concentration was positive and significant , negative and non- significant correlation with both estrogen and prolactin hormones . the correlation between cholesterol Concentration and Concentrations of progesterone ,estrogen and prolactin hormones were negative and non- significant . the correlation between Concentrations of progesterone with estrogen and prolactin were positive and significant (P<0.01) ,and the correlation was positive and significant (P<0.01) between estrogen and prolactin hormones .
تاثير المستخلصات المائية لبعض النباتات الطبية السذاب Ruta graveolens , النيم Azadirachta indica , الكراويا Carum carpio على المخرمات الاحادية المنشا التي تصيب اسماك الكارب

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الخلاصة

In this study series experiments were used to evaluate the efficiency of three plant extraction Ruta graveolens, Azadirachta indica , Carum carpio in treated the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) which infected with monogenetic trematode of genera Dactylogyrus . Three different concentrations of such extraction were used to bathe fishes for 5 , 10 , 15 , 20 and 25 minute , the result showed that positive action was noticed and this action increase gradually with increase concentration and time of exposure to plant extraction until reach 100% but the Ruta graveolens oil appeared adverse effect which disappeared after finishing the time.

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