Table of content

iraq journal of market research and consumer protection

المجلة العراقية لبحوث السوق وحماية المستهلك

ISSN: 20713894
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Presidency of the university or centers
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Scientific Referred Journal Published by Center for Market Research and Consumer Protection, University of Baghdad.
Date of First Issue (2009)
No. of Issue Per Year (2)
No. of Issue Published Between 2009-2014 (10)

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Contact info

phone Number: 07700646083
E.mail: jour.mracpc@uobaghdad.edu.iq
website: iraqimarket.net

Table of content: 2015 volume:7 issue:1

Article
Raised excessive consumption on environment and price levels during the period 2005- 2013.
آثار الاستهلاك المفرط على البيئة واستقرار مستويات الأسعار في الاقتصاد العراقي خلال السنوات (2005- 2013).

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Abstract

When the financial resources of individuals and groups available, this will lead to increase the consumption ranges and sometimes reached to excessive especially to the categories that have little awareness about economic importance and its reflections. it seems that consumerism has increased in many countries including Iraq because of many factors, and the most important one is the availability of financial resources as a result of the increase in oil exports as well as the spread of consumption media department at various levels especially.


Article
Indicators Trends Of Populaion Structure Composition In Iraq And Their Relationship With Dependency Rates For The Period (1986-2010).
اتجاهات مؤشرات هيكل تركيب السكان في العراق وعلاقتها بمعدلات الإعالة للمدة (1986-2010)

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Abstract

Iraq within the ranks of the fledgling communities characterized by a broad base of the population pyramid, because they pose the age group (under 15 years) of a large proportion of the community, as it exceeded the proportion (40%) during the years of research extended (1986-2010) Despite the relative decline in the rates fertility during that period, but the proportion of young people remained high, especially for groups of at least five years, amounting to about 14% in 2012, a little more than the proportion of what constitutes age group (5-9 above) years, where it was (13%) and this naturally predicts continuing population increases in coming decades, due to the entry of those numbers of individuals in the reproductive stage, and this of course will work toward high dependency rates. Total dependency ratio over the medium term (2001-2005) towards (73.03%), which is relatively bare, because of the high proportion of the working age population of around (53.61%) and the average during the period (2006-2010) the dependency ratio increased to approximately (82.79%) due to high population growth rates, as well as the lack of decline in the proportion of the population (below 15 years), reaching around (42.37%). Among the recommendations of the research is necessary to take appropriate measures to support the empowerment of women through attention to education issues for the Liberation of potential programs to help to raise the rates of growth of the labor market and the welfare of the society, on the one hand, and on the other hand to reduce fertility rates.


Article
Consumer protection in e-marketing contracts An analytical study.
حماية المستهلك في عقود التسويق الالكتروني.

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Abstract

Marketing plays a role in the transfer of consumer desires through research, studies and satisfy the needs process, and with the technical development has evolved and marketing departments in the world of commerce has made great strides since the expansion of the trade deal, especially in light of spread of the Internet and the culture of use where he became a lot as individuals or institutions are dealings via electronic shopping . In all cases, we find that the consumer is important party, and that the legal rules did not leave the shopping process or contracting E without protection and I've dealt with so many studies through the civil protection for the consumer in electronic contracts legally with an analytical study of the Iraqi lawmaker and some models of the Arab countries.


Article
Possibilty Of Implementing Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) In One Of Local Dairy Plants
امكانية تنفيذ نظام تحليل المخاطر ونقاط التحكم الحرجة HACCP في احد مصانع الالبان المحلية.

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Abstract

To limit or reduce common microbial contamination occurrence in dairy products in general and in soft cheese in particular, produced in locally plants, this study was performed to demonstrate the possibility of implementing HACCP in one of dairy plants in Baghdad city HACCP plan was proposed in soft cheese production line. A pre-evaluation was performed in soft cheese line production, HACCP Pre-requisites programs was evaluated from its presence and effectiveness. The evaluation was demonstrated risk in each of: Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) program, evaluated as microbial and physical risk and considered as critical risk., In the calibration and maintenance program, the risk was appointed as microbial mainly in a pasteurization of milk and evaluated as critical. About training and rehabilitation workers program and pest resistance program, risk has identified in both of them as microbial and physical and evaluated as critical. Before starting of implementing HACCP, two samples were withdrawn from the final product of soft cheese for microbial tests and the results showed a complete failure, where all samples were exceed microbial limits. When starting the implementation of HACCP plan, a three-month period set to monitor soft cheese manufacturing processes for taking corrective decisions in pre-requisites programs. Samples of raw milk, pasteurized milk with varying temperatures 68. 72, 85 °C and pasteurized milk chilled to 40 °C (paid to the cheese basin) and whey were withdrawn for microbial tests, to determine numbers of (total bacterial count, Coliform, Staphylococcus bacteria and number of molds and yeasts), all results showed exceeded an microbial limits. Two samples of soft cheese manufactured from pasteurized milk at 72 and 85 °C were taken for microbial tests, no difference was noticed in the numbers of microorganisms tested. The study proved the inability to implement HACCP system in soft cheese production line until the completion of the effective application of HACCP Pre-requisites program. Operations of receiving raw milk, pasteurization and transferring coagulated milk (cheese) to molds were identified as critical points in the processes of manufacturing soft cheese. The study has not been able to reduce consumer complaints to local dairy plants.


Article
Evaluation the fermentation capacity of commercial Baker′s yeast and effect of the salt concentration on breadLeavening
تقويم القدرة التخمرية لخميرة الخبز التجارية وتأثير تركيز الملح المضاف على نفاشية الصمون المنتج.

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Abstract

This qualitative study was conducted on eight types of commercial baking yeast which available in local markets to estimate their fermentation activity as affecting the Bread industry and the impact of the salt added to DoughLeavening, The results showed a great variation in the fermentation capacity of yeast samples (their role in swelling the dough), most notably the sample value Y3 and least sample Y7 and reached 80% and 20% respectively, and the value of Leavening by using the two types of yeast with addition of three levels of salt (0 , 1 and 2%) have 20.0 , 19.7 and 15.7 of the sample Y3, compared with 10.5 , 10.3 and 8.8 of the sample Y7 for each of the levels of salt respectively, reflecting the inverse relationship between high salt percentage added, as the results sensory evaluation indicators of quality of laboratory bread by using the two types of yeast and there were significant differences at the 0.05 level by 12.6 among them.


Article
Isolation and identification of Bacillus stearothermophilus and study the inhibition effect of squeezed grape waste extract on it.
عزل وتشخيص بكتريا Bacillus stearothermophilus ودراسة التأثير التثبيطي لمستخلص مخلفات العنب المعصور في نموها.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to know the inhibition activity of squeezed grape waste extract on Bacillus stearpthermophilus by using three different tempretures degree 40, 60 and 80c, in order to reduce the time exposure of food for preservation. This study include two branchs: First: isolation and identification of Bacillus stearothermophilus from soil, 5 sample were collected from the soil of the college agriculture/Baghdad university. Samples were cultured on nutrient agar, microscopic and culturing tests were conducted and many biochemical tests were done. The isolates were cultivated at 55 c and 65 c for differentiate it from Bacillus coagulans which is can't grow at 65 co. The choosed isolate was identified as B. stearothermophilus which is bacilli, spore forming, g+ve ,motile and with 0.71-3 µm diameter. Second studying the inhibition activity of squeezed grape waste extract against isolated bacteria (in vitro) by using different temp mentioned above at differenttimes(0, 10, 30, 40 and 50) min with 500 ppm conc. Of the extract. The number of cells at 40 c for control were 4 x 102 cfu after 50 min, the number was decreased to 2.88 x 102 cfu with the extract. This decreasion was increased as the time progress for three temp. The best decreasing was 4 x 10 cfu at 60 c with extract and 3 x 102 cfu for control after 50 min. At 80 co it was higher a little bit at 60 c, it was 5 x 101 cfu with grape waste extract and 2.1 x 102 cfu for control.


Article
Study the effect of ozone gas and ultraviolet radiation and microwave in the degredation of aflatoxin B1 produce by Aspergillus flavus on stored Maize grains.
دراسة تأثير غاز الاوزون والاشعة فوق البنفسجية والمايكروويف في تحطيم سم الافلا B1 في بذور الذرة الصفراء المخزونة.

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Abstract

This study was conducted in the plant protection department/ College of Agriculture/ University of Baghdad to evaluate the efficiency of physical agents ozone, ultraviolet radiation, microwave for destroying afla produced in corn seeds. An isolate af A.flavus producing Aflatoxin B1 was obtained from plant protection dept. college of Agric. University of Baghdad. Results showed destroy toxin AFLA B1 the effect of radiation microwave in the media of Japex degree 80 and 100 co 57.14% and 85.71%, respectively, and for 20 sec, compared to the treatment comparison 0.00% as found significant differences were apparent between transactions and the treatment of comparison, as and notes the existence of a significant difference to the treatment radiation microwave degree 100 co, amounting to reduction ratio of 85.71%, the results of the effect of radiation microwave showed a destroy AFLA B1 crude by two notches 80 and 100 co, times 5, 10, 20 sec, and there are significant differences between treatments and treatment comparison as well as the existence of clear differences of treatments degree 80 and 100 co and time of 20 sec and rates reduced 95.09% and 91.18%, respectively, showed the results of destroy toxin AFLA B1 contaminated corn and the presence of significant differences apparent between the comparative treatment and the rest of the transactions when it was noted the lack of significant differences between transactions ozone and ultraviolet in 240.365 nm and radiation microwave degree effect temperature 80 and 100 co and rates reduced 89.52% and 89.52% and 69.52% and 94.29% and 89.52%, respectively, and was the best treatment is radiation microwave degree 80 m and by the reduction of 94.29%, and the results showed that there were significant differences apparent between the comparison treatment non-polluting and the rest of the transactions and observed significant differences were apparent between transactions radiation microwave and ozone and ultraviolet radiation led by microwave treatment of degrees effect 80 and 100 co and by the reduction of 100% for both degrees.


Article
The Synbiotic Effect Of Volaticle Oil Extracted From Leaves Rosmarinus Officinolis And Nigella Sativa
التأثير التأزري للزيت العطري المستخلص من اوراق اكليل الجبل

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Abstract

The objective of present study was to investigate the effect of using mixture volaticle oil of rosmarinus and nigella sativa to improve some of the meat quality characteristics, physical and limited storage time of minced cold poultry meat. Duplex volaticle oil was added at 0.025, 0.050 and 0.075 g/kg to minced poultry meat, these treatments were stored individually for 0 , 4 and 7 days at 4-7C0. After making several chemical, physical and oxidation indicators, the following results were obtained: The process of adding volaticle oil to minced poultry meat led to significant increase (P<0.01)in moisture, protein content, pH and water holding capacity (WHC) decrease in drip loss and cooking loss percentage. Also led process of adding to significant decrease(P<0.01) in peroxide value (POV), free fatty acids (FFA) and enumerative in thiobarbituric acid (TBA), In conclusion the results revealed the possibility of using 0.025g/kg meat was the most effective mount which improved some chemical, physical and being the minimum inhibition concentration required to check lipid oxidation indices and led to safety when meat stored at 4C0 for 0,4,7 day without undesirable changes in quality.


Article
Study the distribution of Fungi and Bacteria in AL- Yusifia River– South of Baghdad City
دراسة توزيع الفطريات والبكتريا في نهر اليوسفية- جنوب مدينة بغداد.

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Abstract

Al-Yusifia river was assessed at three sampling stations with study period from Autumn 2010 to the end of Summer 2011. The present investigation was carried out on diversity of fungi and bacteria from Al-Yusifia river, Baghdad city. During the study, a total of 12 fungal genus and 6 bacterial genus were isolated during the year seasons. The dominant fungus at the three stations were Penicillium sp., then Rhizopus and Trichophyton megninii while the dominant bacteria was Escherichia coli and Klebsiella sp. The higher fungi that occurred in station-I and this may be due to unpolluted nature of water and less anthropogenic activities was encountered at this station. Station II and III there were less in number of fungi. This may due to the polluted nature of the water and increased anthropogenic activities at this station, the higher bacterial genus was observed in station- III then station II and station I. The results showed increased of fungal and bacterial genus during Summer and Spring in compare with other seasons due to convienance of temperature.


Article
Extending the storage life of some fruits by using Pullulan produced from locally isolate Aureobasidium pullulans.
إطالة مدة حفظ بعض الفواكه باستعمال سكر البوليولان Pullulan المنتج من عزلة محلية للفطر Aureobasidium pullulans.

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Abstract

Six isolates of A. pullulans were collected from many sources including Hibiscus sabdariffa (Roselle), old Roofs of houses and bathroom surface that referred as Ap ros1, Ap or2, 3, 4 and Ap bs5, 6 respectively, all these isolates were identified based on morphological characteristics and nutritional physiology profiles, all were able to utilize various carbon and nitrogen sources such as glucose, xylose, sucrose, maltose, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate and ammonium chloride, also they showed positive test for starch and amylase, while α-cellulose, ethanol, and methanol were could not be assimilated and could not grow in 0.05% cycloheximide, the other tests referred to different results among isolates, the Ap ros1 isolate from Hibiscus sabdariffa (Roselle) was selected for production of pullulan. Four bacterial strains of two gram (+) and two gram (-) were chosen for the tests. The effect of pullulan coating on bacterial growth was observed in all tested strains, it was 63, 65, 70 and 75% for Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimuram respectively. The weight loss of uncoated peach was 3.2, 4.8, 6.1, 7, 7.2, 8.3 and 9.1%, while in coated peach with 10% pullulan were 3.1, 4.5, 5.8, 6.2, 6.8, 7.9 and 8.9%, and in coated peach with 20% pullulan were 2.9, 3.8, 4.1, 4.6, 5.8, 6.4 and 7.6%, when these samples are stored at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 days respectively that stored at 25°C, and when uncoated and coated peach with 10 and 20% pullulan stored at 4°C . The weight loss in uncoated peach was 0.01, 0.06, 0.16, 0.23, 0.35, 0.46, 0.6, 0.68, 0.73 and 0.75%, while in coated peach with 10% pullulan were 0.01, 0.05, 0.12, 0.16, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.58, 0.64 and 0.71%, and in coated peach with 20% pullulan were 0.015, 0.02, 0.04, 0.08, 0.1, 0.12, 0.18, 0.3, 0.46 and 0.5%, when these samples are stored at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 days respectively. The weight loss of uncoated pear was 1.4, 2, 2.6, 4.4, 5.5, 6.4 and 7.2%, while in coated peach with 10% pullulan were 1.2, 1.6, 2, 2.4, 4.3, 5.2 and 6.6%, and in coated peach with 20% pullulan were 0.8, 1, 1.4, 1.6, 3, 4.6 and 5.4%, when these samples are stored at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 days respectively that stored at 25°C, and when uncoated and coated pear with 10 and 20% pullulan that stored at 4°C. The weight loss is 0.02, 0.07, 0.14, 0.16, 0.3, 0.33, 0.44, 0.45, 0.52 and 0.54%, while in coated peach with 10% pullulan were 0.02, 0.06, 0.11, 0.16, 0.21, 0.3, 0.36, 0.38, 0.44 and 0.46%, and in coated peach with 20% pullulan were 0.01, 0.05, 0.08, 0.09, 0.1, 0.16, 0.19, 0.24, 0.26 and 0.28%, when these samples are stored at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 days respectively.

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