Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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07811309967

Table of content: 2015 volume:1 issue:22

Article
A Reading on Precursors of Certitude in Umalbaneen Chronicle in terms of H.T.T.

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Abstract

As a corollary, Precursors of Certitude in Umalbaneen Chronicle lends itself to the Al-Husseini theatre theory , since it is a verse drama and pays much heed to man as an individual and as a cynosure of life. In all the while, it endeavours to salvage him from everything abominable, that's why it reverts into the past to strike a note of importance to the paragons reputed for sangfroid and nonpareil philanthropy.

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Article
Inversion In Modern Standard English And Modern Standard Arabic

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Abstract

In this paper, an attempt is made to investigate the inverted constructions in Modern Standard English and modern standard Arabic. inversion is defined by Crystal , (1998 : 203) as " the process or result of syntactic change in which a specific sequence of constituents is seen as the reverse of another " : In both of English and Arabic , inversion is illustrated respectively as follows : Only if it rains will the picnic be cancelled ( Azar , 1986 : 334 ) فَأَمَا اليَتيمَ فَلا تَقْهَرْ ( الضحى : 9 ) Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression. ( Ad-Duha : 9 ) Evidence shows that the comparison between inversion in both language has not been adequately don. Accordingly, it is hoped that such constructions will be thoroughly investigated in this study. The present study aims at : 1. Investigating inversion in Modern Standard English as far as grammar is concerned. 2. Investigating the inverted constructions in Modern Standard Arabic. 3. Holding a comparison of such constructions in both languages. 4. Formulating suggestions that may be of value in recognizing and employing such constructions and identifying related topics as further studies. This study hypothesizes that inversion in Modern Standard English and Modern Standard Arabic is governed by specific grammatical rules, and that the employment of inversion in English syntactically differs from its employment in Arabic. The study aims at providing an adequate account, as far as possible, of inversion in both languages depending on the literature available in both languages. It is divided into four sections. The first section is an introduction whereas the second focuses on inversion in that inversion in Modern Standard English. The third section studies certain syntactic construction in Modern Standard Arabic in which inversion take place. Section four summarizes the main finding and suggestions of this study. Finally, it is hoped that inversion such constructions will be of due significance in the recognition and production of inverted constructions in both languages. Section Two : Inversion in Modern Standard English. English has strict rules whereby words are pattered to form grammatical sentences. In this sense Thakur ( 1997 : 88 ) states that " English relies heavily on word order and word – class membership as the markers of syntactic relationships between the word in a sentence ". Nevertheless, word order can be reversed depending on certain restrictions governed by rules to form a phenomenon known as " inversion ".

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Article
Communicative Language Teachin (clt):Pedagogical Approach

Authors: Farik Abbas Ahmad
Pages: 23-29
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Abstract

The English language is more widely used around the world than ever before, More and more people are using it in business, industry ,politics, education, and various professions. The more widely English is used the greater is the need to teach ,the greater is the need to train teachers to teach it .Ideally, of course, trained native speakers of English would make the best teachers of English; but the supply of native English speakers can't possibly meet thegrowing demand for teachers of English,and more and more non-native speakers are being trained to teach English as a foreign language. Languages are studied by more people than ever before and materials of teaching them are changing radically. The goals of the literature have broadened to include spoken communication with an understanding of native speakers of the widest range of human interests. In attempting to explain the great movement and change in the methods of teaching foreign language, we will take communication approach in language teaching as an example explaining and giving the readers some detailed information in hand and why this approach emerged and what this approach focused on in teaching foreign language.

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Article
البديع في كتاب الطراز يحيى بن حمزة العلوي اليمني(ت 749ه)

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Book under the title (( " AL-Teeraz" which consists of many crucial and primary components al-eajaz truths)) for Al- Saeed Al-Alwyee is one of important lessons which annonects a such topic in it's three terms(Al- Maany ,Al- Bayaan and Al-Badeea). This study attempts to focus on one of these branches which is (Al-Badeea) in subjective study which follows Al-Alwyee's steps in his understanding for Al-Badeea in its consruction and consttites and its dividers' conditions & effects,a such study consedered as detection step to such literature' term which sufers from more carelessness.


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التقديس والمقدسات دراسة في فلسفة الدين

Authors: د. مهدي طه مكي
Pages: 58-70
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اشكالية المعنى في شعر امرئ القيس والنابغة الذبياني الدلالة الرمزية لليل

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Abstract

The text is an open space could have the probcebility of interpretation, and multiplicity. According to this interpretation, the readings of a certain text could be multipled within the era at which the text composed, it may be also mulipled within the eras that tollow. So what about this case regarding the jahili text, which considered as a revealing text, having the ability to evoke the readers then to urge them to read it many times, desiring to reveal its signs and poetic functions, Not because as specified, disguised and otrange, nut because as it is noticed where the text dominating on the pivot of poetic universe. The text put the readers upon great and multiple challenges to reveal. That is because the text got copious connotations and deep themes. The research intends to highlights one of the expressive units, in which the problem revealed clearly, since it is (( symbolic connotation )) that occupies a respected spot in the jahili poetic discourse, beside to many other expressive units that is full of it's moral connotations and picturesque intimations .


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Article
استخدام مصفوفة التوازن - اللا توازن كأسلوب حضري في تفسير الهيكل العمراني للأجزاء القديمة للمدن

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Abstract

This study aimed to drive and test an urban technique from “Balance and unbalance” concept in physical structure of old parts of cities depending on “Supply and demands system”. Detailed survey had been achieved to define architectural units patterns and urban functions that occupied it. Balance matrix had been used to determine the degree of balance of study areas as a whole, attracted and contracted elements. The study indicate that this concept introduce more interpretations of the changes in the physical structure of old parts of cities in comparison with classical theories.


Article
مبدأ كارتر وقوات الانتشار السريع في منطقة الخليج العربي 1979-1980

Authors: م.م هاني عبيد زباري
Pages: 141-150
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Abstract

U.S. policy toward the region, which came after the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan 1979, which stressed the President mentioned that the security Gulf region affect U.S. national security and that any attempt by the Soviet Union to intervene in this area willfacing America directly as the fall of the Shah and the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1979, and the taking of hostages in Tehran that the United States put a new plan for the strategy almost immediately It established Maastalh to be called to form an intervention force or rapid deployment rapid Deployment Joint Task Force in 1979 took bases insome countries in the region such as Oman in Salalah, Muscat, exercise and Sepp after an agreement with them in the fourth of June 1980, so became policy Alammerakh in the eighties you to support peace and stability in the region and stand up against any attack on diameters Arabian Gulf, it also confirms its commitment to defend Asaddaqaúha inthe region has more than once expressed to intervene in the case of threat to shipping in the Strait of Hormuz

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Article
تــراجم لابرز علماء الشاش وقراها حتى نهاية القرن

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Pages: 151-163
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Article
صدقات الامام علي بن ابي طالب (عليه السلام)

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ALMS Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (peace be upon him) Ali bin Abi Talib (peace be upon him) bin Abdul Manaf bin Hashim, was born a year after Alfeel thirty years old, bred and raised in the confines of the Prophet (Allah bless him and his family) it is the product of a school of prophecy pure, the first man to convert to Islam, saw Islam battles first all , it took over the succession of the Muslim period (35-40 AH / 655-660m) and his reign marked by the application of the principles of Islam and true passion for public money and to address his enemies. Grew worshipers ascetic works with his hand, Digs water wells eyes and Reconstructing the ground disused land and conducting water it is grown palm and shove canals and streams, cultivated the land and makes the output of the land to the poor and needy charity to gain the pleasure of God, was aged slaves and Lexie the poor and orphans, and predestine need of people and other humanitarian charities and make everything gets a handout to the face of God. Key ward: Imam Ali (peace be upon him), alms, zakat, the poor and the needy, eyes water, orchards, help.


Article
القراءات القرآنية الشاذّة في تفسير مجمع البيان للطبرسي ت548ه

Authors: م.م. منتظر حسن علي
Pages: 379-394
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Abstract

The readings of the Qur'an has an impact in the statement of the meaning and enrich significance in the levels of language provided by different reading for one position , with an increase in the receiving area the convenience of the nation and excluding the speech for affection from without sets ways to perform the reading, no matter how different, the aesthetic of this performance or facial grammar , the Arabs named in their words, and even the odd ones, it is the subject of the study, we find grammarians and commentators have put it on straight way to use in accordance with the rules of the Arab tongue, even at large. This research addresses the pattern of the readings were classified as abnormal and dating it concerned the knowledge of reading , grammarians , commentators, and different methods of their dealings with them, while acknowledging its importance lesson and a novel; they represent an important source enters the clarification of some of the meanings of the Qur'an, which earn most of these readings recipe explanatory explaining the meaning and are shown to indicate the Qur'an .

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Article
التحقيق الابتدائي

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Abstract

The majority of legislation related to the individual system has been based on the principle of separation between the investigation and the accusation authority. Accusation authority has been assigned to the Public Prosecution and the power to investigate the investigator and the investigating judge. The socialist legislation combines the accusation power and the investigation by giving the public prosecutor the main roll to administrate the investigation and to supervise the procedure which is executed in this stage. The Iraqi legislator adopted principally the issue of separation between the investigating authority and conviction by giving the investigation to the investigating judges, investigators and the authority of the accusation to the public prosecutor. But this separation is not fully developed in certain cases, which may allow the public prosecutor to assume the authority of the investigating judge in the place of accident with the absence of the other. The importance of the primary investigation is related to the examination of the moral and material evidence that has been acquired in the stage of deduction before presenting it to the court to prevent it from observing the charges, which lack legal principle and facts. Judging by the fact that the primary investigation involves performing procedures characterized by oppression and enforcement, in order to arrive at the truth, this act is guaranteed by the legislator so that the individual freedoms are not violated. For that reason, the legislator insists on the procedure of primary investigation before calling referral to the criminal court. However, failure to proceed with this stage will cause other procedures of the operation to become invalid, and consequently the case will be sentenced invalid. For the purpose of covering this subject with enough facts, the court often relies on evidence which is referenced for it. Due to the importance of this issue, we tried to explain on its characteristics and its role in judicial work through two chapters:- The first chapter devoted to the study of the essence of the primary investigation within three section: the first section dealt with the definition, the second dealt with the ambit and the third section emphasized on the guarantees of the primary investigation through the guarantees that relates to both the investigation and the investigator. The second chapter devoted to the investigation procedures through three sections: The first section dealt with the collection of evidence procedures, the second section dealt with the special procedures of personal liberty of the accused and the third section deals with the people who are conducting the investigation. Then the results and recommendations.

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Article
الاختصاص القضائي في نظام القضاء الاسلامي

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We had in this research the introduction in the delay fine , and the state's right imposition on the contractor who delayed in the implementation of his contractual obligations and without the presence of arbitrary reasons for this delay , we also explained that The delay fine always be a replaced by administrative contract, as well as explained in the text the administrative legislations, such as the general conditions of the conditions of civil engineering works ,the instructions of the implementation of government contracts and the instructions of the implementation of the federal budget , we also distinguished between the delay fine and other legal situations such as the penal condition ,and threatening fine and we explained the difference between them , and we considered that the damage is assumed for delay implementation of administrative contracts does not need to prove the damage by the administration , the delay fine is imposed once the delay of contractor for the periods of the delay of the scheduled implementation, and therefore administration can deducted from the dues of the contractor without the need to issue a judicial ruling, then we explained in this research the most important characteristics of delay fines and conditions of availability of it on the contractor with the administration, Then we explained the cases in which management can exempt the Contractor from the delay fine. And through this research we came to the following results :- 1 - shall not reduce the delay fine or to exempt the contractor from it under the pretext of not getting damage by the judiciary, even if exaggerated in its discretion because it is discretionary matters pertaining to the administration. 2 - The current legislations governing the system of administrative contracts, such as the General Conditions for Construction of civil engineering works , instructions implementation of government contracts or even Iraqi civil law in relation to the rules that govern the contract of entrepreneurship , and are considered obsolete legislations do not fit with the current development happening in the field of of administrative contracts and the giant state investment projects and do not cover all the problems that you get in these contracts. 3 - That the competent administrative court settling disputes administrative contracts (construction contracts), formed by the Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation under the instructions of implementation of government contracts number (1) for the year 2007 can not resolve all of the disputes that associated with administrative contracts at the level of Iraq , I see the necessity to be expanding it to include all governorates due to the evolution in the field of construction and reconstruction. 4 - I see the necessity for there to be a court of competent jurisdiction to consider the administrative contract disputes and especially the investment plan projects contracts in each governorate governorates of Iraq in view of the large number of projects, where the court is competent in these disputes at the present time is the court of first instance. 5 - Necessity insert management personnel and especially working on projects investment plan (administrative contracts) in specialized courses inside and outside Iraq in order to inform them of the latest styles in the organization of administrative contracts, through the use of modern technology.

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Article
المسؤولية السياسية للوزارة في النظام البرلماني

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The political Ministerial responsibility represents the essence of ministerial responsibility in the political systems in different countries, but in fact, the criminal responsibility of the minister is the basis of ministerial responsibility in front of the legislature authority and was intended to shift the burden of responsibility for the acts of the executive power of the king is irresponsible to advisers and his ministries criminal so the criminal charge became is a criminal conduct which the legislative authority from which to put the king's ministers and advisers in the subject of the charge if it considers that they have committed a crime against the right of the country and then bring them to trial. The importance of the political responsibility of the ministry in the parliamentary system is considered that it a topic vital and dangerous because the Ministry has an important role in the parliamentary system, it considered as the focus of this system and the dominant on discharge all the affairs of the state, responsible for them in front of the parliament and so-called parliamentary system, (government ministry) and due to carry out the Council of Ministers with burdens of judgment, the full political responsibility lies upon himself in front of the parliament and this responsibility be broad to include all acts of ministers and their positive and negative actions lawful and unlawful intentional and unintentional. Based on the foregoing, and because of the growing importance of this topic in a detailed study , I decide to study it through the ideas it contains, for the purpose of contributing to the removal of what flanked of the ambiguity and question and provide humble solutions to the problems raised by the guided in that what came with some Arab constitutions, especially the Iraqi constitution in force for the year 2005. In order to surround with this subject we will try to adopt the analytical method and comparison with Islamic law and the constitutions, whether foreign or Arabic, I divided this research into two sections, each of them is divided into two quests, the first deals with the definition parliamentary system and the second is to study the ministry' essence with its formation and its role in the parliamentary system by two quests also , the first shows rooting the ministry and its nature, role in parliamentary system, but the second studies the political responsibility essence for the ministry in the parliamentary system with its scope and effects ., no doubt, there is a conclusion keep track of all what will be researched include what the researcher will reach from the findings and recommendations and proposals

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المسؤولية عن انتهاكات الشركات الأمنية الخاصة لحقوق الإنسان في ضوء إنتهاكات شركة بلاك ووتر في العراق

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States may of which belong to the national private security companies that provide services abroad and states that companies operate on its territory should consider the need to enact legislation governing the provision of these services . It would enable these countries to promote respect of human rights law and international humanitarian law , and to address some other issues. So that the regulatory framework governing the state will help companies that belong to the nationality to exercise some control over its activities abroad , which is necessary to avoid the many dangers , including the establishment of these companies actions violate the legal obligations of the state and its political and foreign affairs. Also allows the regulatory framework for countries that companies operate on its territory to determine the types of activities that may actors belong to the private sector to do, and to request compliance with the minimum standards for certain , including the carrying of weapons , and obtain factual information on the number of companies operating on its territory and the staff who employed by these companies. Give rise to the phenomenon of the use of private security companies significant challenges relating to liability arising from human rights abuses committed by the employees of these companies in various countries around the world, that the employees of these companies may belong to the nationality of a particular state while it is being hired by another State of the tasks are performed on the territory of a State third and requires no impunity Employees of these companies that there would be punishment and national legislation related court jurisdiction and responsibility

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إشكالية ترجمة معنى النفي في القرآن الكريم إلى اللغة العبرية عند أوري روبين سورة الكهف أنموذجاً

Authors: م. م. علي سداد جعفر
Pages: 520-541
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The translation of the Holy Quran is very important for there is no book like the Holy Quran in pronunciation and meaning. We cannot separate the meaning from the pronunciation because these two aspects make it the Arabic Holy book. What has been translated was the translation of the meaning only for the Holly Quran is the words of Allah that cannot be translated with human words, this is a fact. The subject of the present study is presenting some attempts translating some of the meanings of Alkahaf Sura in Hebrew language. In presenting the Hebrew translations, we will refer to the ability of the translator in understanding the Quranic text in choosing the suitable words that gives the exact meaning especially if the translator has to add some words to describe the meaning or some deliberate attempts to present meaning differ form the original text. This will be shown from the style of the translator in choosing the suitable words and the suitable negating constructions


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الأصول اللغوية المشتركة بين العربية والآرامية والسريانية

Authors: م.م. مازن محمد حسين
Pages: 542-557
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The research includes the study of the three languages of Semitic languages: Arabic, Aramaic, Syriac, a comparative study, I try in this research study of these languages comparative study in order to find common elements of these languages through the study of the linguistic origins of these languages, as well as the study of different kinds of lines it and changes it over time, The relation between these languages requires us to study comparative study, the choice of three models of Semitic languages in order to highlight the common elements in the Semitic languages through these linguistic models selected. The research includes an introduction and two sections, the First section we talked it about the Arabic language, The second topic we talked it from Aramaic and Syriac language, also included a search comparison and display some common vocalizations between Arabic and Aramaic, Syriac of common assets and calligraphy Syriac. We have also put a timetable for models lines in Arabic, Aramaic, Syriac tables. We have found in our research that these languages under study collected several common bonds through joint wordy presented in the tables at the end of the search, and that's what put it in a linguistic one tree is the tree of Semitic languages.


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