جدول المحتويات

مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية

ISSN: 18192068
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

1. أسم المجلة : مجلة البحوث التربوية و النفسية
2. اختصاص المجلة : علوم تربوية ونفسية
3. جهة الاصدار : مركز البحوث التربوية والنفسية
4. سنة الاصدار : 1979
5. نوع الاصدار : فصلي
6. انجازات المجلة : 53 عدد
7. الجوائز الحاصلة عليها المجلة : كتب شكر عديدة
8. الاهداف الموسومة من المجلة :
- تنشيط حركة البحث العلمي في مجالات العلوم التربوية والنفسية، من خلال نشر البحوث التي تتوفر فيها شروط البحث العلمي الرصين
- نشر الوعي في القضايا التربوية والنفسية في الوسط الجامعي ومؤسسات المجتمع الاخرى .
- متابعة ما يستجد من نتاج علمي في حقول التربية وعلم النفس وطنياً وعربياً .
9. لغة النشر : عربية – انكليزية
10. نطاق التوزيع : داخل وخارج العراق
11. طريقة التحكيم العلمي (تقييم البحوث ) : ترسل الى خبير علمي متخصص .
12. مصادر التمويل: تمويل ذاتي
13. سعر النسخة : 25.000 خمسة عشر الف دينار للنسخة
14. المستلات واعدادها : مستلان لكل بحث

Loading...
معلومات الاتصال

jouranlepr@yahoo.com
موقع المجلة
http://jperc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/

009647503725675 whatsApp / viber

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: العدد: 46

Article
Analysis of Palestinian Ministry of Education Test Results in Mathfor Eighth Graders basic Public Schools in Tulkarm
تحليل نتائج الاختبار الوزاري الموحد لمقرر الرياضيات لدى طلبة الصف الثامن الأساسي في المدارس الحكومية في محافظة طولكرم

المؤلفون: زياد بركات --- حسام حرز الله
الصفحات: 1-19
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract This study aimed to analyze the test results the National Alliance, which applied the Palestinian Ministry of Education in math for eighth graders basic public schools in Tulkarm, to determine the level of students on this test in light of the variables of gender, school district and school type, and know nothing of collection on this test collection of school students and the general rate. To achieve this were analyzed degrees (3218) students; They represent the community of study fully who took the exam unified national in decision mathematics for the first semester of the academic year (2012/2013), they are distributors to (103) division seminar in public schools of the directorate for education in Tulkarm. The results of the study showed that the overall success rate on the test ministerial common in mathematics was weak hitting (4. 27%), and has appeared this weakness on all areas of mathematics. The student achievement objectives of remembering and knowledge level higher than in the achievement of the objectives of the application and analysis and reasoning. As results showed the existence of significant differences in the level of student achievement on this test due to sex in favor of females, and the type of school in favor of girls' schools and then mixed, while there is no statistically significant differences depending on the variable region of education, results also showed a relationship substantially between grades student achievement on Unified Ministerial test in mathematics and their realizable platoon grades of the same material and the achievement representative quarterly average in all subjects.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
حل المشكلات البيئية لدى طفل الروضة

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Research Summary Acquires this research importance of addressing the subject (environmental problems) with age group task, a category that children pre-school, and also reflected the importance of research, because the (environmental problems) constitute a major threat to the continuation of human life, particularly the children, so the environment is Bmchkladtha within kindergarten programs represent the basis of a hub of learning where the axis, where the kindergarten took into account included in the programs in order to help the development of environmental awareness among children and get them used to the sound practices and behaviors since childhood. From the foregoing I felt the researcher that the phenomenon of (environmental problems) represents a fundamental problem for all or most of the age groups, including a class of kindergartens and it is a phenomenon (psychological, social, educational and health) worthy of study, and this prompted the researcher to do a field study, addressed the (environmental problems) the children of Riyadh, this segment of society, certainly it feels too much suffering, but because of their young age, they can not deliver their voices to others, because most of the adults around them may not meet their needs and their applications to help them get rid of them, this felt a researcher at the meet the needs of these children from during the construction of a measure to solve environmental problems with this class, The aim of this research: 1.-building measure to solve problems for kindergarten children. 2.-level solution to identify environmental problems with kindergarten children Through validation of hypotheses zero the following: - 1 no statistically significant difference between the scores of children on a scale to solve environmental problems (congestion, waste, air pollution) at the level of significance (0.05). This research determined that of children Riyadh in the preliminary stage of both sexes (Male and female) in the province of Baghdad, in general directorates for breeding Baghdad Karkh and Rusafa (first, second and third) for the academic year (2012-2013). With regard to the theoretical framework has reviewed the researcher interpreted the theories of environmental problems and the relationship of man with the environment has been adopted researcher integrative theory of these theories, and because of the basic postulates and principles adopted by each theory in the interpretation of environmental problems and the appropriate ways to solve them As the sample consisted of 200 boys and girls who received the lowest grades in the scale detection awareness of environmental problems Been building measure to solve environmental problems, which are of the (60) paragraph his image preliminary and final, as well as be one of the three areas or problems, namely: - (congestion classroom), which is (21), paragraph, and (waste), which is from (21 ) paragraph, and (air pollution), which is from (18) paragraph. The extracted sincerity scale using the style of honesty virtual and certified construction (sincerity concept) and extraction force discriminatory paragraphs all, were all paragraphs distinctive, but consistency has been unearthed in a way re-testing, as was the correlation coefficient (0.85) and in a manner Alpha Cronbach, and reached stability coefficient (0.78) The total standard error of the way first (6.349) and the second method (7.701). Has used statistical methods the following: - (square Ka 2, samples t-test (T- test) for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient, the way re-test and the equation of Alpha Cronbach test, Mann - Whitney for small samples), as analyzed all the data the adoption of the bag statistical program (spss) Research has also shown a number of conclusions, namely: - 1 and a high level of weakness in the solution of environmental problems at the kindergarten children. After obtaining a researcher on the results of her research, presented a set of recommendations and proposals, stating that it believes that researchers who want to complete what its findings.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of education differentiated strategy to modify the alternative conceptions Geographical concepts when students First grade average
أثر استراتيجية التعليم المتمايز في تعديل التصورات البديلة للمفاهيم الجغرافية عند طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The impact of education differentiated strategy to modify the alternative conceptions Geographical concepts when students First grade average The aim of this study was to know ( the impact of education differentiated strategy to modify the alternative developments of geographical concepts when students first grade average) . To achieve the goal of this study , researcher relied on the experimental design of a partial set , the design is ( the experimental group with a control group of post-test ). The researcher chooses purposelysample of students first grade average in the high school ( Sinai ) Day , of the Directorate of Education in the province of Baghdad / Karkh first , for the purpose of application of the experiment, and the total number of respondents (40 students) , and abide by randomly into two groups by (20) student in the experimental group and ( 20) a student in the control group , and select the alternative scenario by adopting 34% and above. When analyzing the data statistically using the chi-square ( Ca 2 ) , result has outweigh the experimental group that taught according to strategy differentiated education students to the control group , who studied in the traditional manner , and by lighting on this, the researcher concluded as follows: - 1. Differentiatededucationstrategythathas proven its effectivenessin modifyingalternative conceptionsofgeographicalconceptswhenstudentsfirst gradeaveragebalanced withthe traditional method. This is dueto thestudents turnout tostudythis strategywith enthusiasm anddesire. 2. Providing Course contentiscommensurate with theinterests andinclinationsand capabilitiesandreadiness of our students,helped toarouse the interest ofstudents andtheir looking forwardof the material andincreasetheir attention to thelesson.


Article
مستوى التنمية المهنية لتدريسيي جامعة بغداد في ضوء مؤشرات الجودة الشاملة من وجهة نظرهم

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The present study aimed to know The teaching members’ level of the professional development at the University of Baghdad based on the indicators of the overall quality from their perspective; The researchers used the descriptive and analytical approach the in order to achieve the purposes of research, the researchers designed questionnaire researched and consisted of 40 paragraph has the questionnaire submitted to the arbitrators and experts were verify the authenticity of the questionnaire and stability have been applied questionnaire on a range of teaching and Tdriciat Baghdad University, which reached the study sample (400) teaching and teaching of six colleges in the University of Baghdad equivalent to (29.87%) of the original community of the study (1339) and hired a researcher statistical bagful (SPSS) to analyze the sample responses. Based on the sample responses researcher found the following results: The professional level of development has been achieved with a medium level

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التفكير الدوكماتي عند طلبة جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The world has seen and from our Arab significant changes as a result of scientific progress tremendous Born information revolution circulated individuals around the world via the Internet, have left traces extreme depth on their thinking and attitudes in spite of idiosyncrasies that characterize the communities in terms of their cultural, social and nature of education systems where, However, there were some aspects of transformation and change in various areas of life that had a direct impact on the construction of intellectual individuals, and which is no doubt that human beings look alike in respects morphological and biological see them disagree intellectually, everyone has ideas and values, especially distinguish it from others. This represents a problem in the building society, so what if the exposure of students to this case and in particular they are considered an important segment in any society, reliable in building a promising future, and is the mainstay of development, hence crystallized the problem of current research to find out whether students Aldokmatiownthinkinornot? The importance of research is concentrated in that he addressed the university students who are educated class-conscious, as is the undergraduate stage study important and vital Situated in the educational ladder, and is responsible in the number of frames of human education to supplement the community members are complementary, Thinking Aldokmati have negative consequences on the individual and society, therefore, the scarcity of studies that dealt with Iraq this important segment of society and knowledge level of thinking Aldokmati then make the necessary attention to this aspect and study. Based on the foregoing objectives of the present research identified the following: 1. You know when you think Aldokmati university students. 2. You know statistically significant differences in thinking Aldokmati when university students according to gender and specialty.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الشخصية المبدعة لدى طلبة معهد الفنون الجميلة وعلاقتها بجنسهم وتخصصهم

المؤلفون: إيمان شريف عباس --- أمل إبراهيم ألخالدي
الصفحات: 126-148
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The aims of the research have been determined as: 1- Creative personality according to the students of the Fine Arts Institute. 3. 2- Indication of variances in the creative personality , the manner depending upon the variables of person (males, females). 4. The research sample consisted of (400) students of Fine Arts Institute for (Boys and Girls)/ Baghdad 5. The Scientific Research concluded the following: 6. 1-The students of the Fine Arts Institute have a high from the creative personality . 7. 2- There is a different in the creative personality according to the changeable types (male – female) and there are differences in the statistical function according to the type and specialty.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The impact of discrete realization strategy in the development of reflective thinking among students of Qur'an and Islamic education departments for the course of Islamic jurisprudence
أثر استراتيجية الإدراك المنفصلة في تنمية التفكير التأملي لدى طلبة أقسام القرآن الكريم والتربية الإسلامية في مادة الفقه الإسلامي

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The paper aims to identify the impact of discrete realization strategy in the development of reflective thinking among students: (males/females) of Qur'an and Islamic education departments for the course of Islamic jurisprudence according to the variability of sex. The researcher used the experimental approach and adopted an experimental determination with a set part of the two groups (experimental and controlled). He selected the sample deliberately which consists of (147) students spread over four classes (experimental males/ experimental females/ controlled males/ controlled females), and it took last for an academic year of (2010-2011). He, then, prepared a post test to measure the reflective thinking with his five skills (skill of optical vision, skill of detecting fallacies, skill of reaching conclusions, skill of convincing explanations, and skill of proposed solutions) in the course of (Islamic jurisprudence) which consists of (25) items of multiple choice, each one has (5) options. The validity of the items was verified with sincerity of the content, certified arbitrators, internal consistency, as well as applied to the external exploratory sample to measure the level of difficulty, strength of the discriminatory, and effective of the alternatives, were all items acceptable according to the dependable standards. Then, the researcher comes out with the stability coefficient by the retail midterm, in which level of stability reached (0.79) according to Pearson equation, and it reached (0.88) after correction according to Spearman - Brown equation, and this is a good stability coefficient for the test. Moreover, after processing data for the test of the post reflective thinking of the sample concerned in the paper by using (t-test) for two independent samples, the study showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups, and in a favour for the experimental group that studied according to the strategy of (discrete realization) in all groups of (males/ females).


Article
Effective dialogue and its relationship with some variables at Baghdad University Students
الحوارالفعال وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات لدى طلبة جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Increasing need for our youth to effective dialogue at the present time, due to the nature of the era in which live, as it abounded risk of intellectual and cultural invasion.Moreover, the need to ensure that the dialogue between the members of the community to confront the many issues of contemporary society in various fields, politically, socially and economically, culturally and religiouslyThe absence of effective dialogue, or the consequent rejection of many of the negative aspects of social and cultural Kaezzlh coup and inertia and ignore the mental capacity of some non-existent among others.The importance of effective dialogue in being the most important foundations of social life and the necessity of necessities is one of the means of the individual Tobeiran needs and desires and inclinations and feelings, as well as this, the dialogue and effective way for the development of individual ideas and experiences and prepare for the tender. -: This research aims to Mayati 1.identify effective dialogue with the students of the University of Baghdad. 2.Budget in effective dialogue and in accordance with the following variables:- A) type (male-female) B) specialization (scientific humanist) C) Phase (second and fourth) And Thkie the objectives of the research, the researcher built a scale to measure the (effective dialogue), and sell to make sure of his sincerity and firmness and strength discriminatory paragraphs dish on the sample of 500 students and a university student were chosen the way stratified random with equal distribution of (8) divided by four scientific colleges and four colleges humanitarian faculties and both types (Zkoro females) and both phases (second and fourth) of the University of Baghdad.After processing the data statistically using samples t-test for one sample, and samples t-test for two independent samples, and the Pearson correlation coefficient, analysis of variance and triple, and testing Zaúa to denote differences and reach of this research the following results:- 1.The research sample of Baghdad University students have an effective dialogue 2.The research sample of Baghdad University students, depending on the variables (gender, specialization and phase) to have an effective dialogue.In light of the findings of this research researcher made a number of recommendations and suggestions: Of recommendations: 1.thdat curricula and methods of teaching at the university level for activities and experiences that encourage the development of effective dialogue with the students that stage desing. 2.astieb new changes in science and technology in theeducational dialogue and educational programs. One proposal: 1.ajrae similar studies of this research on the different social strata and other academic and professional stages. 2.alkiem building program for the development of effective dialogue among students in grades whether (medium - junior high – college).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Relationship between Retirement Problems and Psychological Flexibility among Palestinian Retirees in Gaza Governorates
المشكلات المرتبطة بمرحلة التقاعد وعلاقتها بالمرونة النفسية لدى المتقاعدين الفلسطينيين بمحافظات غزة

المؤلفون: نجاح السميري
الصفحات: 220-247
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

هدفت الدراسة إلى معرفة المشكلات المرتبطة بمرحلة التقاعد وعلاقتها بالمرونة النفسية،كما هدفت الدراسة إلى التعرف إلى الفروق في كل من مشكلات التقاعد والمرونة النفسية تبعا لمتغير مكان العمل و الجنس.وشملت عينة الدراسة (250) موظفا متقاعدا ومسجلا في جمعيتي التقاعد التابعة للحكومة والأخرى تابعة لوكالة الغوث.واستخدمت الباحثة مقياس مشكلات التقاعد من إعدادها ومقياس المرونة النفسية من إعداد الباحثة. وتوصلت نتائج الدراسة إلى أن أكثر مشكلات الموظفين المتقاعدين انتشارا هي المشكلات الاقتصادية ، ووزنها النسبي 76.33 %،كما بينت نتائج الدراسة أن أكثر مجالات مقياس المرونة النفسية انتشارا لدى الموظفين المتقاعدين هي التوافق النفسي ، ووزنها النسبي 56.33%، وأظهرت نتائج الدراسة وجود علاقة سلبية بين مشكلات الموظفين المتقاعدين والمرونة النفسية لديهم.وكشفت نتائج الدراسة عن عدم وجود فروق ذات دلالة في جميع مجالات مقياس مشكلات الموظفين المتقاعدين والدرجة الكلية للمقياس , تبعاً لمتغير مكان العمل , ما عدا مجال المشكل.ات الاقتصادية فكانت الفروق لصالح موظفي وكالة الغوث الدولية .كذلك لم توجد فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في جميع مجالات مقياس المرونة النفسية والدرجة الكلية للمقياس.كما أوضحت نتائج الدراسة وجود فروق في جميع مشكلات المتقاعدين تعزى لمتغير الجنس لصالح الذكور وعدم وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية في المرونة النفسية تعزي لمتغير الجنس.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دور القيم الأخلاقية في تعديل السلوك الانساني وفق المنظور الاسلامي

المؤلفون: حسين رحيم عزيز الهماشي
الصفحات: 248-259
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract Praise be to Allah and peace be upon our master and lover of our hearts and our souls doctor Muhammad and divine , especially the rest of God in Aladdin , and a curse on all the enemies to the day of judgment , After : The issue of education of man , and brought up within the curriculum properly and comprehensively cannot be completed for the seriousness and accuracy without revelation , the Qur'an inspiring , than when gentle expert , is a factory of man and humanity , in fact ... is the process of modifying behavior, one of the goals of education community at various levels in the family the school and the whole university and other educational institutions and community-based factories humanity that the current study sheds light on an important topic to achieve benefit desired for each teacher , and anyone interested in things educational, each student learned in science education and parents ... at a time when we are facing fierce attack targeting our system value and our beliefs and natures behavior thoroughbreds . it ... at a time when a lot of attempts scientific aim to find common ground theory , scientific and applied in the process of behavior modification , came the current study to highlight the role of the moral values of the Islamic perspective in the process of modifying human behavior in order to facilitate positive engagement for each meaning in the processes of education

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
مستوى الوعي بالصحة النفسية لدى طلبة جامعتي فلسطين التقنية والقدس المفتوحة من وجهة نظر الطلبة

المؤلفون: مجدي الجويسي
الصفحات: 260-289
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract: The study aimed to identify the level of awareness of mental health among the students of the Universities of Palestine Technical and Jerusalem open in the city of Tulkarem from the perspective of the students and the population of the study ( 8091 ) students at the two universities , and selected intentional sample size was ( 445 ) students , and used the tool questionnaire to measure responses of subjects , and the results showed that there are differences depending on the variable sex and was in favor of females , and depending on the variable University , and was in favor of the Al-Quds Open / variable Study level for the benefit of students of second year , did not show statistical differences depending on the variables of course and college, and the most important recommendations urged frameworks student to provide mental health awareness programs for all university students . Key words: Health, Health awareness, Psychological health.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Reality and constraints of the use of computers in public schools in the governorate of Ma'an From the standpoint of teachers
واقع ومعوقات استعمال الحاسب الآلي في المدارس الحكومية في المملكة الاردنية الهاشمية من وجهة نظر مدرسيهم

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract This study aims to recognize the process of using computer in publicschools in Ma`an governorate in terms of hardware, capabilities, and teachers usage. It also aims to identify the most important obstacles those schools face from a teachers perspective. The study sample consists of (150) teachers from different disciplines. The researcher prepared two questionnaires related to the research pivotal, then presented to a group of arbitrators to be used in this final form. The data was analyzed statistically and the study concluded that there is a shortage in the computer services provided to teachers, and there is a weakness in their use, there are high trends in this technique. Te study shows that there is a need to train teachers on this technology, and provide all the supplies that facilitate the use of computers in teaching, and the researcher provides several recommendations that perhaps might contribute to solve the problems faced computers users in teaching.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Psychology Dentistry
مدخل في سيكولوجيــة طب الاسنــان علم نفس طب الاسنــان

المؤلفون: سعدي جواد مسلم
الصفحات: 310-336
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Introduction: When we study the history of dentistry we can investigate some methodology styles which lead us to psychology – dentistry or take the relationship between psychology and dentistry, and this type of specialization which is Medical psychology has its own methodology and subjects, as the historical sequence in this filed lead to how evolution occurred in this branch of medicine, which was accompanied by many factors , and this factor that contributed to the consolidation of the misconceptions about the social, family and the media culture and gave a distorted picture of Dentistry and the attending physician or dentist and show him as someone tough , ruthless and violent in his dealings and style , these problems lead to the creation of many symptoms and disorders on a patient who looks have many of the symptoms such as anxiety and fear that develops even phobia of the dentist. It have been proved that many of the studies and research that the loss of teeth leads to many cases of anxiety disorders , fears and this lead to the consolidation of a new psychology called psychology - dentistry and a branch of psychology stand - alone trying to create the field to correct concepts and false beliefs about dentistry in general and attempting to diagnose mental disorders and physical self- psycho-Somatic arising from them and try to draw a frame in which disorders arising from it are treated

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التعليم الجامعي والتنمية البشرية

المؤلفون: وسن محسن حسن
الصفحات: 337-359
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The summary : "the university education and human development". We notice that the issue of development is one of the most important issues in ourepoch especially in our country which classify within back ward countries. When we talk here about the development we don’t mean only the development of capitals or the development of products.but the most important thing is the development of mind .if we notice the experience of developits economy and it didn’t reach to the wanted aim.because these sides . The highness of the meutal rate of the nation is the standard of of the nation is the standard of the sentific and cultural advance for this nation .And that is what we have noticed in human societies ingenerall . We noticed that the relation between the education and the devefopment is avery large relation. It goes back to the contentment of many of economies in the contemporary world . That the issu of education has become inevitable imposed by development . Education is the basic foundation in the clultural building the united. The best proof of this is the witness of some developed countries like Japan cand Germany . Which came out of the world war in crushing defeat but it could through education defeat but it could through education to reach the upperdegress of economic and technological progress. From here we notice the importance of this research that the fact that higher education will reach the basis of the renaissauce of afundamental pillar of the pillars of modern buiding states based on new and evolving thought to participate community . In the context of the growing belref that haman development of the over all dimensions of the political economic and social . This enhances the openness of the civilazations and cultures between communities

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الاجهاد الذهني وعلاقته بالذاكرة قصيرة المدى لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: هبة مؤيد محمد
الصفحات: 360-393
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract Mental stress occurs due to the effect of time that passes at an accelerated pace and doing business imposed by the speed of the match with his speed in light of the vast amount of audio and visual information through scientific progress and media workers, as well as the impact of physical factors associated with doing business, such as noise and congestion .... . etc.. The relationship of the individual to take a negative surroundings have devastating effects on the cognitive process as a whole dimension. This creates a sense of helplessness with the depletion voltage to a state of mental stress, so The problems from the standpoint of Aljhtalt scientists are basically cognitive problems appear to exist when it happens to the individual tension or stress as a result of the interaction between cognition and thinking in order to solve a problem, and so mental stress works to secretion cortisol harmful cortisol, and cause of this article series of reactions in the body, including the weakening of the immune system, and tension in the large muscles, high blood pressure, and repeat the high proportion of cortisol, which leads to the death of brain cells, especially in the so-called hippocampus hippocampus region which is necessary for the memory area Accordingly, current research aimed to identify the following: 1-measure the level of mental stress (according to test the flicker fusion frequency) among university students. 2-measuring short-term memory level (according to test accuracy) with university students. 3-finding the relationship between mental stress and short-term memory with university students. Identifies research to current students of the University of Baghdad (Jadiriya complex) for the academic year 2012-2013 scientific and humanitarian disciplines of males and females. In light of the objectives of the research and after the application of the two tools Search Aided and using appropriate statistical methods was reached the following results: 1-There is no morally significant differences between males and females in the level of mental stress on the merger in accordance with the frequency variable, meaning that males and females Atzmon same mental stress. 2. afternoon that there is a difference in recall between males and females, and in favor of females. 3. There is a direct correlation statistically significant between mental stress and short-term memory, and can interpret this result as increased mental stress whenever weakness remembering. In light of these findings the researcher presented a number of recommendations and suggestions

الكلمات الدلالية

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: