Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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07811309967

Table of content: 2015 volume:2 issue:22

Article
الإيجاز في العربية

Authors: نبراس جلال عباس
Pages: 576-599
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Abstract

After this trip,which vacated the books in the stomachs of ancient and contemporary rhetoric show me I will present a set of results according to the following : 1- The idiomatic meaning of brevity was derived from the linguistic meaning Flaajaz in linguistic meaning and idiomatic means both Alodz and shortcuts , whether in speed or lightness or speech or movement. The concept of brevity came from the modern and contemporaries consistent with the concept, but when Albulageyen former Dart contemporaries work in the orbit of the former Vordoa their respective divisions and Hoahidhm and their examples did not add a little something to it . 2 - The general trend when scientists rhetoric was insinuating the tendency to prefer brevity ( it is rhetoric ) when some Arab scientists . 3 - Albulagjun stressed the importance of style in Arabic and that his position required . 4 - has not changed the rhetoric of Arab scientists to launch briefing on the term citizen conciseness to speak Arabic, but instead were using him sometimes in other terms (such as speech manual or deleted ). 5 - increased Abn Al – Atheer of the ancients another form of the types of conciseness which does not delete anything from him is briefing appreciation . And increased the son of the owner and is a good briefing mosque and transferred them Ahmed is required in writing Glossary rhetorical . 6 - found in the practical side that conciseness delete phrases and vocabulary to Aakhal but aggravated the sense of source and beautiful . In conclusion, I thank God that helped me to complete my research , which I call the gain satisfaction and acceptance and God bless and outstanding .

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Article
مصطلح النص فــي الثقـــــافة العربيـــــة

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This research deals with the meaning of the text's linguistic heritage, literary, then the concept of the text before Abdul omnipotent Jorjani When Abdul omnipotent with clarification knit script, and the rules of cohesion grammar when Abdul omnipotent Jorjani then study the consistency and the rules of cohesion grammar when Abdul omnipotent with the study of harmony and its role in bonding script, was the outcome of this research that he was associated with the meaning of the text in the tradition of literary field Men assets and interpretation, and has been a seed of an idea systems before Abdul omnipotent is the beginnings of a simple and non-systematic limited to the knowledge of weaving, which was analogous to systems either when Abdul omnipotent was the concept of text linking the harmonization of regulations and observance of rules as well as considered as the context and Foreign Relations of the text,and the text has been marked Almnzawm Abdul omnipotent when using the grammar rules of cohesion or bonding elements of the script, through consistency and typesetting and harmony.


Article
الرصد المنهجي لفلسفة التاريخ عند ابن خلدون

Authors: أ.م. د مكي خليل حمود
Pages: 613-627
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Article
التحليل المكاني للتركز السكاني وطرق قياسه في محافظة بابل للمدة (1987 – 2007)

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The research is deals with Acknowledgement and two sections. The Acknowledgement is including the study region boundaries, and research aim, and it,s methodology,problem,hypothesis. The first section is deals with inhabitant proportionally distribution in Babylon Governorate according to managerial unities, the high percent is recorded in AL-Hilla judiciary center about (30%) 1987 year,(29.5%) 1997 year, (29.3%) 2007 year, for less percent in AL- Hashimiya, AL-Medhateya, Al-Eskandriya districts . The second sectron has applying (Lorenz) Curve, (Jeney) coefficient which to exposure to concentration range in population distribution for 1987 year, (Jeney( cofficient about (52%), in 1997 (55.7%), 2007 year (52,6%( . The rescert is explained the population concentrat in citees centries, rivers arround or with ways stretchirg .


Article
الصناعات الحرفية في مدينة الحلة ( دراسة في جغرافية الصناعية)

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Craft in the city of Hilla - the study of geography in the industry Industry is the backbone of life and economic lifeline and is measured by the extent of the progress of nations and advancement, and crafts Alajzea of those industries. This includes research craft industries in the city of Hilla, where we dealt with in the First research for Nchoauttor craft industries in the city of Hilla, where the competent city of Hilla longtime craftsmanship and characterized many of their hosts produces many of the crafts industry has been inherited by children from their parents have begun to craft in the city of Hilla Since about 200 years ago, and that the development of craft industries linked to several factors, including the provision of raw materials and skilled labor and unskilled, transport, market, capital, energy and government policies have we explained these factors in the second section of the research and also Pena types of craft industries existing in the city of Hilla, and the families that famous by areas concentrated in the city and how they are distributed we have developed a detailed explanation of them in the fourth section and as industries have several factors for doing in a particular area, but there are some problems faced by the city, including the problems associated with production problems related to manpower and problems related to raw materials, finance, energy, marketing and other We have referred to these problems in a demonstration in the fourth section we have chosen this topic to study because of the importance of this industry in the field of economic and social life.

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Article
الأحوال السياسية لمدينة حران في القرن السابع الهجري الثالث عشر الميلادي

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This research was historic journey with the city of Harran since its inception through the opening at the hands of Muslims and even demise and extinction at the hands of the Mongols, was littered with tales of the city of Harran among the history books and works of interpretation and literature Albuldanyen, which engaged a researcher to collect what could ones in this study, which showed political conditions for the city of Harran in the seventh century AH/ thirteenth century, it stuck out Ayyubid nearly century ago, and while the town came to the invasion of the Seljuk rum year (632 AH/ 1234 AD) equipped Ayyubid army Egyptian and defeated the Seljuks rum and regained the city, and on the impact of the erosion the authority of the Ayyubid and the emergence of Akhawarzmeyen as an influential force in the island Lafratip even seizing control of the city of Harran, resulting Baloaobien that Ahzmohm and Istaidoha seconds, but the arrival of the Mongol armies tractor, headed by Hulagu year (658 AH/ 1260) led to the surrender of the city of Harran them, and soon was able to Bahri Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in the same year and recover most of the cities of the island, including Lafratip Harran, but they withdrew from the city led to the Mongols to return again, as it destroyed and erased from existence the year ( 670 AH / 1271 AD)

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Article
سعد الدين الشاذلي ودورة العسكري خلال حرب تشرين عام1973

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Abstract

The Saad El Shazly one of the military figures task that emerged in Egypt during the period that followed the revolution of July to July and even war October 1973, it began to fame as one of the officers Competent especially when managed group led by and known as the (group shazli) from crossing the border International direction of Palestine in a serious decision taken by Saad El Shazly during the Six-Day War in 1967, when the cut off communication between him and the Egyptian leadership because of the decline of Egypt and the withdrawal unregulated on the impact of Israeli strikes, and as a result of his skill military was chosen by Sadat to the position of chief of staff of the Egyptian army in 1971, where skip this Many officers older than rank, and put the military plan known as (minarets high) and include cross the Suez Canal and the destruction of Israeli forces, which have already been implemented during the war and managed by the Egyptian forces to restore the Suez Canal and the destruction of the theory of Israel's national security, have disagreed shazli with Defense Minister Ahmed Ismail and President Sadat on how to confront the gap military at the end of the war, which has managed the Israeli forces from events while the movement wrap wide behind the Egyptian forces, which led to the repercussions of serious military was the results announcement Egypt to accept a cease-fire and the exemption Saad shazli from office

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الإقصاء السياسي تجاه الشيعة في العراق في العهد العثماني الأخير 1876م – 1917م

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The Royal era of Iraq is stated as the first presidency in which Iraq was converned interiourly. That was after Iraq had its freedom of British and Uthmanian occupation; and that represented the virtual raise of its aged history by the virtue of Iraqis'' Militarism which brought them the reachness to the revolution of 1925 . In spite of many thourouly and varios about political history of Iraq , we are still in need of studies that focus through the phenomena of the political exclusion acted on many Iraqies' components or Collection especially Shea's . That took place within has been written to give the appearance of that phenomeny depends on three pillars, or say three fields of search: The first one: the roots it basically laid on, so that the researcher can point out the hostile operation of that political isolation towards Iraq people during the epoch of Uthmanian government and British occupation. The second one: the motive, reasons and justifications for that sectarian and ethmic practicand ideology. The third one: the results and reflected effects of elimination that played a great part and helped faster a spirit of hatred all collection of Iraqi people , furthermore , killed the trust between them; and that took Iraqis to the yard of massacre.


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Article
العلاقات التركية البلغارية من خلال التقارير الدبلوماسية العراقية 1934-1941

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Turkish- Bulgarian Relationships Relationships of Turkey with other neighboring countries have featured with stress and instability since its foundation in 1923 because of there were not a distinguished common borders between Turkey and these countries and many frontier regions for Turkey were in dispute with these countries. With Iraq was Almousel problem, and Al-Eskandarouna problem with Syria, and eastern Tarakia problem with Bulgaria . For Al-Mousel problem was solved by interference of united nations union in 1927 , Al- Eskandarona problem was compromised by its inclusion to Turkey in 1939 as a part of the deal with mandating France on Syria, while eastern Trakia problem was still unsolved and active with Bulgaria and affected not only the nature of relationships the two countries but on the overall political situation of Balkan region . The problem of Turkish-Bulgarian was more complicated due to the common residents of the borders between these countries that there is a Muslim Turkish community in Bulgaria created a continuous premonition for the sequent governments of Bulgaria the demand of next Turkish governments to include that Turkish Muslim community to Turkey by redrawing the boundaries between the two countries according to demographic situation of the population in that areas. Also there is another factor which is represented by the will of Bulgaria to a spot on Mesopotamia coast especially that these areas were part of the kingdom of historic Bulgaria which was divided into Greece, Yugoslavia and Romania so we can say that the relationships between Turkey and Bulgaria was rotating into the frame of these two factors. It is worth to say there were some countries like Germany and British played an active role in directing the path of relationships between Turkey and Bulgaria especially and Balakan countries generally according to the benefits and prevalence of these two countries .

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Article
فاعلية استراتيجيتين من التعلّم النشط في تحصيل تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادة قواعد اللغة العربية

Authors: د. هدى محمد سلمان
Pages: 787-804
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This research aims to know the effectiveness of strategies in each "active learning (role playing, strategy (think-pair-share). Collecting pupils grade 5 in Arabic grammar material/"researcher has formulated the following hypotheses 1-There is statistically significant difference at the level indication (0.05) between average pupils first pilot group who studied strategy role-playing, and the average score of the second experimental group pupils who have studied strategy (think-pair-share) in test grades of Arabic grammar. 2-There is no statistically significant difference at the level indication (0.05) between average pupils first pilot group who studied strategy role-playing, and average control group students who studied in the manner usual in test grades of Arabic grammar. 3-There is no statistically significant difference at the level indication (0.05) between average pupils second pilot group who studied strategies (think-pair-share), and the average control group students who studied in the manner usual in test grades of Arabic grammar. In order to ensure objective and hypotheses the researcher chooses to search (83) pupil of the first pilot group (29) pupil, and the experimental group 2 (29) pupil, and the control group 3 (28) pupil. And rewarded the researcher groups search, and use appropriate statistical methods, the researcher found the effectiveness of strategy role-playing in grade 5 pupils collection of Arabic grammar, and their impact on the left to choose the role of pupils and strengthened language abilities and self-confidence The effectiveness of the strategy (think-pair-share) in improving the collection of the pupils and retaining them and instilled in their minds through individual reflection and sharing with others. and put the researcher some proposals and recommendations that are described by the research.


Article
الانتماء الاجتماعي وعلاقته بتوسيل المعلومات لدى طلبة الجامعة

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The human life a series of educational situations that vary in the degree of simplicity or complexity of Just a note position, or read the information storage and retrieval, to more advanced levels hardcopy is to Tosel information in accordance with the operations of higher thinking vehicle like thinking critic, creative thinking, and that contribute to improving the level of individual and progress, and its impact on the community in which they live (wounds, 2003: 45(. As the community of current research are from the university, which is slide-conscious students and it is the responsibility of preparing future leaders and scientists who can catch grips science and applied methods (Nabhan 2002: 105). And is working to refine and develop the individual's personality, talents and increase the creative and intellectual potential (narrator 0.2001: 101). , So that the university should work through their programs and curricula and activities on the development of multi-intelligence capabilities of the students in ways and methods of organization and modern (league 0.2002: 96). . In this sense emerged importance of current research, which aims to: 1- Know the social belonging among university students. 2- taraf Tosel information among university students. 3- Identify the relationship between social affiliation Tosel information. This research has been limited to students of the Faculty of Education Sciences humanitarian morning and evening studies and both sexes (males and females) were selected (100) students indiscriminate manner. To achieve the objectives of the research adopted a researcher social affiliation scale (for Abbouda), and extract the virtual honesty and consistency using retail midterm way and reached reliability coefficient (0.81) and corrupted measure in its final form (74) Vqrh.kma built researcher Tosel information measure of university students (Abafa 0.2008), and extracted a virtual honesty as validity and reliability using the retail method midterm stood reliability coefficient (0.84) consists of (62) Vqrh.obad application of standards on a sample of research and application of data and processed statistically was the most important results: 1-The average social affiliation have on average premise of the scale. 2- The average Tosel information they have on average premise of the scale. 3-The existence of a positive relationship between social affiliation Tosel information. In light of the search results researcher recommended the need to develop educational programs for the development of methods Tosel information among university students through information networks (the Internet) and adapted the Iraqi environment by the responsible authorities in the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. The researcher proposed a number of scientific studies and research, including: Conduct similar studies of the current research on the different age groups and in other stages of study and compare the results with the current search results.


Article
حماية الإسرار التجارية من المنافسة غير المشروعة

Authors: م.م. سماح حسين علي
Pages: 876-892
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Abstract

Some desire to monopolize and possession of their findings from the information, which was the fruit of their effort and their research and keep them secret and not broadcast on others, especially their competitors to limit its revenue for them and not others, for an unlimited period led to the emergence of the idea of trade secrets that was not too long ago in dispute in the counted element of intellectual property elements, but that the achievement of this desire could lead to the emergence of a lot of problems, particularly the possibility of the attack on the owner of the trade secret by doing some unfair practices to gain access to the content of the trade secret and this is in the nature of the case leads to damage to the owner of the trade secret on the one hand and the creation of Type of confusion and instability in the commercial market on the other hand, especially if we know that the right to trade secret of the most intellectual property rights vulnerable to the possibility of attack for not requiring laws Date condition the competent authorities that required by the rest of the intellectual property rights to give legal protection so I tried international conventions and legislation Comparative regulation of terms of trade secrets by issuing special laws such secrets identified through which the necessary conditions to provide such protection from unfair competition, especially since the latter is one of the most serious obstacles to trade at national and international level alike.


Article
الحماية الدولية للعلامة التجارية وفقا ً لاتفاقية تريبس والقوانين المقارنة

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That fraud or tradition of the brand, which some take to distinguish their goods or services as displayed in the markets has become visible experienced by both the merchant and the manufacturer who has taken the brand to distinguish his goods or services and the consumer who has become bewildered in the acquisition of goods bearing the true mark of a problem exclusively of goods. If the crime of forgery or imitation brand of the most prominent images assault on brand Ktha not the only one, as there are other pictures we will look to in this attack Find the payment of stakeholders claim Basbug legal protection on the brand. And the seriousness of the implications of the attack on the brand specialists in the field of intellectual property rights was baptized and which is the brand one of the most important branches to hang it in the field of internal trade and international to unify the laws aimed to provide protection for the brand as much as possible through the inclusion of States to the Convention to ensure Such protection and obliges the parties to its provisions and principles, the most famous and most important of these agreements Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of 1883 which decided to basic principles and of which the principle of national treatment and the MFN principle to confer protection prescribed to the right holder in the brand on all nationals of States Parties to the Convention.


Article
آثار المسؤولية الجنائية للقنوات الفضائية

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Crime in general is all the behavior of the result of the will of the sinful made his law penalty or a measure of precaution, do not go out crimes committed via satellite from the scope of the original general, and when he committed one of the satellite channels of a crime, the resulting set of effects, some of the formality the other objective, therefore, will be divided this research into two sections:the first section, entitled effects of procedural and is divided into three demands: the first in the procedures for bringing a criminal case and the second in the investigation and the third in the competent court, while the second section Fbanoan effects of criminal: it is divided into three demands: the first in the existence of sanctions urgent and considered the satellite channel and the second in sanctions urgent financial disclosure of the satellite channel and the third in sanctions urgent professional activity of the satellite channel.

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