Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2015 volume:1 issue:215

Article
Space (visual Ketabi-) modern poem
الفضاء (الكتابيّ- البصريّ) للقصيدة الحديثة

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Abstract

This paper deals with a vital aspect of literature, called visual / written space, which we mean: the exterior visual side of the poem, the way distributing lines, the distribution of writing blocks, punctuations, etc. It was somewhat a neglected aspect by both poets and critics alike, but modern techniques have provided an opportunity to the aesthetic and semantic recruitment through various printing arts. Punctuations no longer are just signs to show poses or acoustic contexts, but have became indications of interpretive semantics in the structure of the text. The same thing has turned with the distribution of the writing between whiteness and blackness. The Point became an indication of different connotations, as if they are time courses or subtle arguments or undeclared complement. More than that, some poets have gone far enough in making the written forms as expressive methods in order to create a visual poem, to be seen by the eye, moving away of their audio / temporal job, towards a visual/ place text. The last idea is another matter, as our research focuses on the visual space in its audio center, which is implicit visual power in the text with out optical advertence. So, we chose the neutral model deliberately to prove the theory of our approach that emphasizes importance of visual form and connotations and inspirations.

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Article
Feminism in Sophie Treadwell's Machinal
افكار نظرية المساواة النسائية في مسرحية سوفي تريدويل ميكانيكي

Authors: Alia Khleif Nejim
Pages: 1-12
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Sophie Treadwell's play Machinal, which was performed on September 7, 1929 , can be examined and interpreted within the framework of feminism. Generally speaking, feminism, as a theory, looks for the freedom and the independence of women in society. Besides, it calls for the elimination of differences between man and woman who are involved in social activities. In the play, Sophie Treadwell presented the dilemma of the Young Woman who lives in a society which is witnessing rapid scientific and industrial developments but these developments come at the expense of woman's freedom and her need to achieve her goals and to be treated as an equal partner in society rather than an inferior being in a society which is dominated by males. The mechanical society in which the Young Woman lives imposes its demands on her, therefore, she lives in a conflict between her personal freedom and the necessity to conform to the rules which are set by society. The young Woman submits to society which forces her first to work and to take care of her mother, then, to marry a rich man so that she and her mother will live a comfortable life. This marriage obliterates her personality and ambitions. After she marries her boss, the Young Woman feels that she is unable to adjust herself to her new marital life. First, because she does not have knowledge about marriage and sex , and second because her husband is a domineering and insensitive person who denies her the right to be a lone for sometime in order to be ready for her first night. This can be interpreted within a feminist context as a condemnation of males' domination over women and as a criticism of the marriage institution in which women have no rights to establish themselves as separate and independent beings. Sophie Treadwell examines and probes the character of the Young Woman depicting her confused understanding about her place in a society ruled by men and by materialistic values. This confusion leads the Young Woman to depression which is reflected in her rejection of her role as a dutiful wife and a mother. After giving birth to her baby, the Young Woman refuses to feed her baby because she is unable to accept her new role as a mother . Moreover, the Young Woman looks for passion which she finds in an adulterated relationship with a Young Man. After being emotionally involved in this relationship for a period of time, the Young Woman decides to kill her husband , an action which is interpreted by feminist critics as a way to escape from the confines of society and from a domineering husband whom she considered as her chief antagonist because he embodies her acquiescence to the ruling forces of social values and expectations. The play can be considered as a call for women's freedom and a change of the traditional and socially limited view about women. The success of the play can be attributed to the playwright's feminist attitudes which led her to write this play about a woman who looks for freedom and independence in a time of shifting attitudes towards the role of women in society.

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Article
Investigating Iraqi EFL Learners' Ability to Recognize and Produce English Multi –Word Verbs

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The study deals with English multi-word verbs. It aims at investigating the Iraqi EFL learner's ability to recognize and produce phrasal and prepositional verbs and so find out what types of multi-word verbs they find most difficult. To achieve this aim, a test has been conducted on fifty students from the fourth stage at the College of Arts- University of Baghdad for the academic year 2013/2014, preceded by a pilot test two weeks before. It has been found that the level of difficulty of the test ranges between (0.30) and (0.80). The results showed that EFL learners demonstrated poor performance in using the suitable preposition or particle when they were asked to recognize or produce multi-word verbs. The students performed better on the whole recognition level (51.4%) than the production level (22.1%).

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Article
Reading in Modern Language Research Curriculum Books
قراءة في كُتبِ مناهجِ البحثِ اللُّغويِّ الحديثِ (1)

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Abstract

After my search in modern language research curriculum books , I noticed some authors ideas concluded by : Arab target of language research , interesting of voice study , effected by philosophy ideas , appointed the defaults because of they not recommended the language , loss their virtually works and their direct method mistakes . I produced my opinions and supported it by proofs if it is possible .

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Article
Visual impression in pre-Islamic poetry
الانطباع البصريّ في الشعر الجاهليّ

Authors: م.م منى عيسى هاشم
Pages: 25-36
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Abstract

I turned for through poetic images ignorance great artistic values, poets have excelled in portraying aspects of life and vocabulary, as contributed fantasies poets and versatility photographed in the formulation and Mufhomat cases in the poem ignorance. Fantasy ignorant can not be considered only a rudimentary stage graduate have characteristics that distinguish them from the primitive world is dealing with the facts as independent subjects of consciousness in many cases. No exaggeration to say that the strength of the pre-Islamic poetry plates graphic integrated poets manage to become familiar with their parts and crossed through the psychological concerns and various aspects of their lives. The most important characteristic of pre-Islamic poetry ((visual impression)) who plays fantasy in which a great important role, even if the poet seems to us as a painter witty mastered the image using the tools expressive of analogy and metaphor and metaphor to carry to the hearer or reader the impression carried by embodying's the best ofanalyzed.

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Article
Features of political discourse In Russian language
خصائص الخطاب السياسيّ في اللغة الروسية

Authors: Dr.Ghada Tariq Sabri
Pages: 33-38
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Abstract

Political discourse is a complex object of studying, "it is the intersection of different fields like: political science, social psychology, linguistics. It has the analysis of form, objectives and content of used in certain (" political ") situations." According to researchers AN Baranov and EG Kazakevich, political discourse forms a "total speeches, acts used in political discussions, as well as rules of public policy expertise." The public purpose of political discourse - to convince recipients with a "political corrects" political evaluations. keywords :the political discourse, politics, the mass media.

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Article
Poetic values in the poetry Zmrk Technical study
القيم الشعرية في شعر زمرك (دراسة فنية)

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God has printed exalted the human soul to love beauty, praising him wherever he found it a humanitarian instinct when all human beings, Vttrb ear to hear all the beautiful also adores heart all beautiful and out of this was our research titled ((aesthetic values in the hair ibn zamrak)) technical study, This has required the division of research on two topics, their progress in preparation divided on two paragraphs, was one of them said in a statement the concept of value and beauty, while the other; was simple lighting for the life ibn zamrak since they must know the lines about his life before starting to read his poetry, the first section; was in a statement aesthetic values in his office divided on the first three points in the beauty of the beloved, and the second in the beauty of acclaimed or the same acclaimed, and the third in the beauty of the homeland, and came second part, the technical study divided on three points also, was the first in the study of some of the hair styles, including the question, and the appeal, and the second in the poetic image, Frdhana Alastarah simulations and some poems in the picture, and the last was in the inner musical study of his hair, divided by the repetition, alliteration, and counterpoint, followed by all of this conclusion included the most important results, then a list of sources and references.

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Article
The Scope of Repertoire: A Study in John Ashbery's Selected Poems
قصائد مختارة لـ(جـون آشبيري) دراسة موسعة

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The current critical appreciations of the American poet John Ashbery (1927- ) have proved to be ambivalent to consider him as a later Romantic poet or a postmodern avant-garde, whose essential role is to achieve the postmodern project. Many of his major poems include a kind of repertoire that demonstrates a clear treatment of Romantic themes and implications tackled carefully by the poet. His later poems, however, are concerned with postmodern themes like the bewilderment of the American individual due to the unprecedented changes and watersheds the society witnessed. The main aim of this research is to critically examine selected poems of Ashbery to judge whether he is Romantic or postmodern, consulting cues from critics like Bloom, Miller and Longenbach . It is one of the fruitful conclusions that Ashbery adheres to the Romantic spirit but for unromantic intentions. Thus, he conveys confessional themes on one hand and tackles postmodern realistic themes related to the core of the American society in which he lives and writes on the other.

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Article
Analyzing Conversation in Children’s Short Stories
تحليل المحادثة في قصص الاطفال القصيرة

Authors: Instructor: Nagham Ali Hassan
Pages: 53-72
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Abstract

Conversation analysis has long been the concern of many linguists who work in the field of discourse analysis. In spite of the fact that there are many researches have been done in the field of short stories but up to the researcher knowledge the investigation of the selected short stories has not been studied yet. Hence, this paper aims at answering the following questions: what are the features of children’s short stories language and the differences between short stories of four years old and those of six years old. Hence, the devices used by the story tellers in reciting the short stories should be observed. Thus, the researcher has consulted the models presented by Johnson and Fillmore (2010) to show tenses and sentence structure, and Smith (2008) for conversation analysis.

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Article
Divine miracles in the physical acts of worship "model prayer
الإعجاز الإلهي في العبادات البدنية (الصلاة أنموذجًا)

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Abstract

The scientists have recently uncovered many secrets, Quran has preceded anything as to talk about scientific facts . There was no one has a knowledge in respect of that . Hence Miracle of Quran lies in its scientific interpretation as to cope with the scientific development in modern era. In this present paper ,I have indicated to the miracle ,worships, types , definitely Prayer that has been regarded as one of physical worshiping , together with the scientific miracle . The plan of the research includes four researches that in return have units , I have concluded with a set of recommendations and as follows: The first chapter: Definition of miracle and scientific miracle. The second chapter : Worshipping in Islam 3rd chapter: the scientific miracle in the physical worships including Prayer means The fourth chapter: God 's miracle in Prayer . I Ask Allah to have me pass in this respect

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Article
A Phonological Analysis of Segmental Phonemes in Standard English
تحليل فونولوجي للأصوات في اللغة الانجليزية

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The phonological analysis of phonemes as segments including consonants and their allophones, consonant clusters, and vowels with their allophones that may work in complementary distribution or in free variation with each other are tackled in this paper beside sounds in context to show how sounds produced in rapid connected speech reveal affection to each other producing utterances colored by assimilation, elision, and intrusion. The paper aims to show the different sub-types of these phonological processes such as coalescent assimilation, syncopic elision, and epenthetic intrusion. The paper is a reprint of an edited chapter of an M.A. thesis entitled '' A Phonological Analysis of Segmental Phonemes in Standard English and Hit Iraqi Arabic '' to be presented in confirming with the requirements for an M.A. degree.

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Article
The impact of Islamic educational values in Consumer behavior
أثر القيم التربوية الإسلامية في سلوك المستهلك

Authors: م.د موفق تركي زيدان
Pages: 85-102
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The research aims to determine the impact of the educational values of Islamic consumer behavior, has included this research on the introduction and three sections, was the following: definition of consumer behavior and its importance, and the impact of Islam in the evaluation of consumer behavior, and the Islamic approach in the study of consumer behavior because consumer behavior is influenced by Islamic ethics, whether in the consumption of goods, or in dealing with advertising, marketing or in its impact on the marketing plans followed by the manufacturers when considering the behavior of consumers, it is important that not being simulated the West in the promotion of goods, Most of these means pariah religiously and morally, and the need for a strict control to prevent the exploitation people laugh at them.

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Article
Irak Coğrafyasında Tespit Edilen Araç Üzeri Edebî Yazıların Folklor ve Halk Edebiyatı Çerçevesinde İncelemesi
دراســة نصوص الكتابــات الادبية التي تكتـب على السيــارات في العـراق ضمن اطار الفلكلور والادب الشعبيّ

Authors: Doç. Dr. Necdet Yaşar BAYATLI
Pages: 87-104
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Abstract

Halkın günlük hayatta kullandığı, meşrebini, kişiliğini, düşünce sistemini, duygu, zevk, düşünce, inanç, özlem, istek ve hayat görüşünü yanı sıra zengin kültür değerlerini, sosyo-kültürel ve psiko-kültürel yapısını yansıtmış olmasından ötürü, folklor/halk edebiyatı ürünleri arasında değerlendirilebilen araç üzeri yazılar, ister Türkiye ister Irak'ta günümüze kadar yeteri kadar ele alınıp incelenmemiştir. Halbuki halk kültürünün bütün unsurlarını içerisinde barındırmış olup, folklor ve halk edebiyatının diğer ürünlerinin ihtiva ettiği bütün hususları içermektedir. Bu çalışmada Irak coğrafyasında araç üzeri yazılar, Arapça olarak tespit edilmiş, Türkçeye tercüme edilmiş ve incelenmiştir. İncelenirken Türkiye'deki araç üzeri yazılarla mukayese edilmeye çalışılmıştır.

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Article
Open and organize the Maghreb time of Abdul Malik bin Marwan (692 AD 73 AH – 704 AD 85 AH)
فتح بلاد المغرب وتنظيمها زمن عبد الملك بن مروان (73 هـ /692 م - 85 هـ /704 م)

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This paper deals with an important era in the history of Morocco during the Umayyad regime. This appears clearly by the great efforts of Abdul Malik bin Marwan to bring back the countries of al- Maghreb to the Umayyad rule, and the efforts of Commander "Hassan ibn al-Nu'man al-Azadi" on behalf and support of Abdul Malik; to complete control of the Maghreb and organizing it as well. The study also analyzed the difficulties and risks which the commander and the armies of the state have encountered during the conquest and the military operations , in addition to the reasons and motives that led Abdul Malik bin Marwan to select "Hassan ibn al-Nu'man" to lead his armies ; to retrieve and reorganize al- Maghreb which rebelled against him . The study summarizes the military operations carried out by the commander Hassan who progressed towards al- Maghreb, defeated the Romans, conquered Cartagena, and then fought against "Priestess" where large crowds of Berbers in the Auras Mountains gathered to her. The result was the defeat of Hassan in the first battle, but he did not give up, rather he asked Abdul Malik bin Marwan to reinforce him until he finally managed to defeat and kill the Priestess in the second battle , and thus, the resistance ended , and he controlled and organized the countries of al-Maghreb by dividing it into several administrative regions ; to control them easier , and he entrusted workers among the residents of the area to be in charge of Zakat . This research tried to analyze the policy of "Hassan ibn al-Nu'man which is characterized by tolerance for all inhabitants of al-Maghreb, without distinction of race or religion. In addition to his efforts for the dissemination of the Islamic religion in al- Maghreb, and the Arabization of the Berber tribes within a deliberate plan, where he had treated those who converted to Islam among the Berbers equally with the Arabs . As a result, the political situation witnessed stability, and the declaration of loyalty to the Umayyad state, moreover, the leader Hassan became a beloved figure for the population of al-Maghreb.

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Article
Evaluating the English Textbook "IRAQ OPPORTUNITIES" Book 6 for the 2nd Intermediate Stage
تقويم كتاب اللغة الانكليزية (فرص العراق) كتاب (6) للصف الثاني المتوسط

Authors: Dr. Hanan D. Akef
Pages: 105-132
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Abstract: The researcher as a teacher of English intended to evaluate the 2nd Intermediate stage English textbook "Iraq Opportunities" since it was adopted by the Ministry of Education in the year 2010/2011. After reviewing the desired book, the researcher found out that this textbook have many weak issues need to be studied, analyzed and evaluated. Since then, the researcher has been in contact with the teachers who teach this textbook. Some often complain of the difficulties in dealing with the textbook; others are dissatisfied with the results of the students' achievement tests and not satisfied with the students' comprehension to the material existed in this book which covered by poor production. This study aims at: 1- Evaluating the English Textbook "IRAQ OPPORTUNITIES" for the 2nd Intermediate stage by teachers' perspective. 2- Review teachers' suggestions and recommendations which help in developing the Textbook. This study is limited to: 1- The English Textbook "IRAQ OPPORTUNITIES" for the 2nd Intermediate stage. 2- An EFL teachers of 2nd intermediate stage at secondary and intermediate schools existed at Baghdad/Al-Karkh (1).

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Article
Scholar achievements of Aal Al-Zakis during the 6th and 7th century
الإسهامات العلمية لأسرة آل الزكي بدمشق في القرنين السادس والسابع الهجريين

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Intercultural families had an active role in the city of Damascus during the 6th and 7th centuries of Hijra. They had an effective role in the life of the city, Aal Al-Zakis was the frontrunner of these families. Their role wasn’t focused on the intellectual field only, they were also very active in judger system and administration.. etc. Our study focuses on Aal Al-Zakis role in the judger field and administration. The men of the family had connections with high level leaders of the Zinki state and the Al-Ayubi state such as Noor Al-Deen Mahmoud and Saladin Al-Ayubi who established the Ayubi state. These connections had a clear effect on assigning a large number of the family members in significant administrative positions especially as judges. However these connections weren't the only reason they took those positions, they family members had a big role qualified them to teach in some of the most important schools of Damascus at that time. These connections were also behind many tribulations lead to their death. In addition to the judiciary positions, some Aal Zakis were assigned in several important administrative positions in Damascus such as mosques and Khanquaoat … etc for they had aadministrative qualification.

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Article
Witchcraft and Women’s Spaces; A cultural Materialism Study of John Updike’s The Witches of Eastwick
السحر ومجال النساء; دراسة ثقافية مادية لرواية

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Witch stories are part of American popular culture, and this culture is extremely influenced by a continuing reliance on its past. The modern obsession of Americans with witches, whether real or metaphorical, is related to politics especially when it came to issues of gender politics. This article exposes a modern image of the female character seen from a male author point of view. John Updike, influenced by the changes that happened to women within second wave of feminism, attempted to write The Witches of Eastwick (1984). Actually, he presented women who did have a sort of careers. His witches are professional active and dynamic. What do witches stand for in American Culture? Why did Updike choose to write about women? Why were these females witches and not ordinary women? This is the core discussion of the present study. Key Words: witches, female characters, feminism, American culture, male author.

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Article
Spatial Analysis of the Distribution of Governmental Departments in the City of Mafraq by Using GIS
التحليل المكاني لتوزع الدوائر الحكومية في مدينة المفرق باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية

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This study seeks applying methodology of the spatial analysis of the governmental departments at the city of Mafraq by using geographic information systems technology (GIS), through spatial analysis tools that are available within the software environment of geographic information systems, which is characterized by its ability to spatial analysis data associated with a descriptive analytical database; in order to identify the characteristics of the place, through the study of spatial relationships for the geographical phenomenon, knowing the geographic distribution pattern for the geographical features, and their spreading on the surface of the earth. This study relied on a descriptive analytical approach at digital data processing, through the use of some statistical methods, and graphic and cartographic representation, in order to highlight the spatial characteristics of the governmental departments at the city of Mafraq, as well as statistical analysis software (SPSS). The study concluded that there is a clear disparity in the geographical distribution for the government departments; as most of the government departments were located in the eastern side of the city of Mafraq. The study also showed that the distribution of these departments is random. Key words: Spatial analysis; government departments; geographic information systems; Nearest Neighbor, the standard distance, direction Distribution .

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Article
أسماء البلوراليا تانتوم في صيغة الجمع في اللغة الروسية الحديثة

Authors: م.د أحمد حميد شعلان
Pages: 159-176
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Данное исследование посвящено наблюдению за развитием в лексическом составе современного русского языка лексико-семантических разрядов существительных pluralia tantum и существительных, преимущественно употребляющихся в форме множественного числа. В качестве материала исследования используется книга «Словарь новых слов». В ходе анализа было установлено, что процесс появления слов pluralia tantum и существительных, употребляющихся преимущественно в форме мн. числа, можно считать активным и непрерывным, что, с одной стороны, характеризует категорию множественного числа в строе имен существительных как сильную, многознаменательную категорию, а с другой стороны, еще раз убеждает нас в неразрывной, взаимообусловленной связи развития языка и общества. Политические, экономические преобразования в России, произошедшие в последние десятилетия, расширение связей во всех сферах деятельности с другими странами мира получили отражение в лексическом составе данных единиц, в их семантике и образовании

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Article
Development priorities in light of spatial disparity (Babil province model)
الأولويات التنموية في ضوء التفاوت المكانيّ (محافظة بابل أنموذجًا)

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The nature and characteristics of any place is determined by the contents of the potential of natural resources , human and economic, therefore, these places vary developmental inspiring natural consequence of the different functional characteristics, that the problem of development disparities between regions and within the region go back to non-optimal utilization of the potential and characteristics Each province, leading to the events of balanced development (on the basis of the capabilities available for each region, so the problem of the research is in the nature of the disparity in development potential between the districts of the province of Babylon in the level of investment and exploitation of which led to the difference in their levels of development. The aim of the research: study and analysis of the reality of development at the level of districts by one developmental methods of planning (development potential analysis) for the purpose of access to exploit the capabilities and to identify development priorities in the context of building the province homogeneous functionally. To achieve this goal has been to rely on the analytical method for quantitative reach the results sought by the search, either hypothesis Find it: determined the priorities of development in the districts of the province of Babylon, depending on the degree of differentiated and functional capabilities.

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Article
Evaluate the performance of public schools administrators
تقويم أداء مديري مدارس التعليم العام في العراق

Authors: أ.م.د. هدى محسن
Pages: 201-222
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Specialists and researchers the affairs of the school administration lacks the tool by which the performance of public schools administrators calendar only limited methods rely lost on visits to the schools that carry the side inspection of the work of the school administration and records, as personal opinions of the administrators of schools depends on the manager, so I aim of the research the current to build a tool to evaluate the performance of public schools administrators in Iraq in the light of their duties within the administrative areas: (administrative, regulatory, and supervision, and the humanitarian and community relations, and Calendar, development). The researcher relied on building search tool on the review of the literature and research on the assessment of school principals and disseminate model to evaluate school principals in the light of their jobs Administrative and their missions, and the preparation of the paragraphs of the identification of the calendar in the light of the elements of a specimen Calendar, and the adoption of the opinions and observations of a number of arbitrators teachers to correct and amend the paragraphs of the questionnaire, after Extract the validity and reliability of the questionnaire, and then prepare a questionnaire evaluate the performance of schools of general education managers in its final form, objectivity and fairness Calendar and observe, and flexibility of use of the competent authorities

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Article
The future Expectation relationship Coal orientation for the distinct students of secondary schools
التصورات المستقبلية وعلاقتها بتوجهات الهدف لدى الطلبة المتميزين

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the following secondary goals:1- The Future Expectation for the distinct students of secondary schools. 2. The Coal orientation for the distinct students of secondary schools. 3. Difference in Future Expectation according to the variable of gender (male- female). 4. Difference in Coal orientation according to the variable of gender (male- female). 5. The relation between the Future Expectation and Coal orientation. 6. The current research restricted in the distinct students of secondary schools. Years(2014-2015) While the result the research reached are The Future Expectation for the distinct students of secondary schools and The Coal orientation for the distinct students of secondary schools and The relation between the Future Expectation and Coal orientation.

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Article
Psychological alienation among Iraqis students studying In Ukrainian universities
الاغتراب النفسيّ لدى الطلبة العراقيين الدارسين في الجامعات الأوكرانية وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات

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First, the importance of research and the need to Of alienation and psychological very dangerous for young people, where the distinction of being the youth a sense of secession for the same, and this alienation eating world Eric Fromm from the angle of "The formation of personality" and he sees that alienation is the pattern of the experience of the individual sees himself where as if they were curious about it, young man becomes here a separate for himself, young is the heart of the vibrant community and preserved and protected in order to preserve the rules of the communities and the development of young people and directing the development and reform of the communities, and the destruction of communities and Aagalha in limbo not a result of the alienation of young people and away from real life If we are talking about alienation as a psychological phenomenon has spread among individuals, the transition to learning between cities and states phenomenon has become common, forcing students to stay away from their surroundings to live in another strange about them circumference, increasing phenomenon of alienation unit when some of the students who are studying in a completely different countries for their own countries, are suffering from feelings of alienation that made them feel relatively separate from themselves or from their communities more than ever.

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Article
Training Programs Assessment in the Educational Training and developing Institute from the Viewpoint of Supervisors and Specialists Trainees Mathematics Institute
تقويم البرامج التدريبية في معهد التدريب والتطوير التربوي من وجهة نظر المشرفين التربويين واختصاصي الرياضيات المتدربين

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Abstract

The research aims to evaluate training programs from the viewpoint of supervisors and math specialist trainees according to the four areas (the trainer, trainee, administrative and financial system, the curriculum and the content of the training. The data were collected in the light of a proposed questionnaire and then measure the level of sincerity and persistence as has been the average measurement calculation (agree , I agree sometimes, I do not agree) in the negative on the training programs from the standpoint of supervisors and specialists trained in each of the four areas mentioned above effects, has been applied to the search tool on a sample supervisors and specialists trainees numbered (82) educational supervisor and specialist in public education the province of Baghdad, all of the second school year semester (2012 - 2013) m. was used statistical package (ver10.0) spss and application-ready (Excel) and percentages and Pearson correlation coefficient and the coefficient of correlation Spearman Brown and statistical tables of statistical means. The results showed that the ratios derived values for agree and sometimes disagree in areas III and IV of the values of the ratios achieved for Disagree came highest in the first and second areas. The researcher recommended a single-level analysis of the respondents answered by calculating the averages of measurement adopted in the light of the axes down to the integration of axes on the pan all responses and the adoption of the proposed method of analysis in the evaluation of other training programs.

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Article
The impact of strategic learning peers in the collection of fifth grade students in the preparatory material rules of the Arabic language
أثر استراتيجية التعلم بالإقران في تحصيل طلبة الصف الخامس الاعداديّ في مادة قواعد اللغة العربية

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Abstract

Throws the current search to know the impact of learning strategy peers in the collection of fifth grade students prep . Ensure the research community schools and high schools for boys , and reached the research sample ( 63 students) , coined the researchers behavioral objectives , and distributed on the topics of educational content , as the number of behavioral objectives formulated by the (50) target behaviorally , and distributed to the three levels of the cognitive domain of Bloom's Taxonomy (Bloom) of behavioral objectives , by (15) the object of knowledge , and ( 15) the target of understanding , and ( 20) of the target application . The researchers prepared a test of achievement in light of the content of the book, prepared by the behavioral objectives to measure learning strategy peers in the collection of student research sample , the researchers identified a number of paragraphs of the achievement test (30) paragraph . Thus enabling researchers to verify the veracity of the content and validity of test items . The researchers use statistical methods appropriate for research and researchers recommended that the recommendations and proposals outlined research .

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Article
Tender behavior in children Riyadh (primer)
سلوك العطاء لدى اطفال الرياض (التمهيدي)

Authors: جعفر جابر جواد
Pages: 323-336
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Abstract

The tender behavior limits the behavior selfish and desire to own without the others into account, as the selfishness and egocentrism and continuity of the child's lead to isolation and uniqueness of his views and the search for self-interest, without taking into account the social interest which negatively affects the social relations, and thus a threat to the security of society and the integrity, unity. Targeted Find the current disclosure degree tender behavior among children of the preparatory stage, the research community of the children in the preschool class who are in kindergarten government and private children in the city of Baghdad Karkh second for the academic year 2012 2013, was selected a sample of 40 boys and girls , by (20) children were male and 20 female child, it is clear from the foregoing that the behavior of children Riyadh Atzmon tender. As for the second special variable sex hypothesis third hypothesis specific type of kindergarten it was not statistically significant, as the gender or the type of Riyadh, whether governmental or civil have no effect on the behavior of the tender.

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Article
The self – Ability on Confronting and its Relation with Emotional intelligence of university student
قدرة الذات على المواجهة وعلاقتها بالذكاء الانفعاليّ لدى طلبة الجامعة

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Abstract

Emotional intelligence is reflected on the ability of a student in confronting external stresses and confronting all the emergence challenges and circumstances that enable him practicing the scientific and social successfully, where the ability of self on confronting in the process of good adjustment and positive confrontation of troubles problems and psychological stresses with others. Accordingly the present research is a humble scientific attempt of knowing the relation between these two variables in the present research a scale of self ability on confrontation has been built. However the scientific procedures have been followed in ascertaining the validity reliability and the discrimination of the scale. As for the emotional intelligence scale, it has been adopted. The two scales have been applied on a sample of university student consists of (200) male and female student equal. The researcher her arrived at the following result : university student have characterized by having the ability to confront stresses and by having emotional intelligence in general , but there are difference in self ability on confronting and emotional intelligence for the benefit of male students and that the relation between the two variables is positive. However, the researcher has put forward a number of recommendation and suggestion.

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Article
Death anxiety in the elderly and its relationship tolife acceptance goals and consumerism tendency
قلق الموت عند المسنين وعلاقته بالرضا عن أهداف الحياة والنزعة الاستهلاكية

Authors: أ.م.د. ضحى عادل محمود
Pages: 355-378
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Abstract

Death is a natural inevitable fate and the end of every creature , death anxiety is a main source of neurotic misery and especially at the end of human life , contribute and affect the way of life because it biggest shocking factor formulates aging psychosis. And death anxiety of the elderly is materialize in human disappointment cases and inability and his unsuccessful attempts failed to grasp the meaning , and the goal in life for the elderly is to find its meaning. So it seeks for that in a way that they behave. Therefore, a lot of neuroticism suffering and depression caused by the failure of the elderly to find a meaningful life or finding new meanings to it, and that the elderly who suffer from consumerism tendency have voracious behavior and unjustified towards rational consumption for necessary goods and products to live well-off because consumerism tendency of the elderly is a way to get rid of tension. The goal of current research is to know : - 1- The level of death anxiety of the elderly. 2- The level of satisfaction with life goals in the elderly. 3- The level of consumerism tendency of the elderly. 4- The relationship between death anxiety and satisfaction with life goals of the elderly. 5- The relationship between death anxiety and consumerism tendency of the elderly. 6- The relationship between satisfaction with life goals and consumerism tendency of the elderly. 7- Detection of correlation between death anxiety and satisfaction with life goals and consumerism tendency in the elderly. Research a sample included (308) retired people , men and women ,who receive their salaries from the banks in the city of Baghdad have been selected at random , and from analysis of retirees responses, and access to theories and previous studies, , then obtaining to arrangement of items of death anxiety scale, consisting of (67) items , and arrangement of items of satisfaction with life goals scale for retirees , consisting of ( 66 ) items , and arrangement of items of consumerism tendency scale for retirees, consisting of (45) items. After the use of statistical methods results showed the following : The level of death anxiety rate was low of the elderly , and the level of satisfaction with life goals was high , also the results showed that the level of consumerism tendency of the elderly was average , and in the analysis of data for the purpose of predictability in the variable death anxiety through the independent variables ( satisfaction with life goals and consumerism tendency ) . It has been found that the multi correlation coefficient reached ( 0.344 ) and its function to the level of significance ( 0.05 ) , and in light of the following results some of the recommendations and the following proposals have been set .

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Article
Performance Management for Secondary Education Headmasters from Viewpoint their Assistant
إدارة الأداء لمديري مدارس التعليم الثانويّ من وجهة نظر معاونيهم

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Abstract

Our educational corporations still face undesired administrative forms such as slow in movement ,escape from responsibility , imposing authority, accountability and vocational commitment which lead to weaken their effectiveness administration for corporative performance and then effect on their results qualitatively and quantitatively , this stressed by many conferences and studies in the educational field. For no existence a study measuring performance administration in the secondary education corporations , a convince emerged in the researcher to study the variation and to know also level of this application in these corporations. Future of world lightening learned people because the educational system is the main base and the beaten heart for development any society because learning system is an integrated system and the secondary education is a basic form represents a communication ling between the main and university education and validity of administrative and educational leadership by adopting performance administrative effective techniques that focusing on higher level system to improve man and organized behavior depended on culture of higher and creative performance and done by organization.

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Article
The Level of Physics Literacy and its relation with Self-Efficiency and Accomplishment Motive in the Students of Open Educationa
مستوى التنور الفيزيائيّ عند طلبة الكلية التربوية المفتوحة وعلاقتها بفاعلية الذات دافع الانجاز عندهم

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The aim of this study is to investigate the level of physics literacy in the students of the Open Educational College (the teachers of mathematics and science) and its relation with self-efficiency and accomplishment motive. The study sample consisted of 26 male and female students from the department of science, Open Educational College, Diyala Provence. A test was designed to assess the level of Physics Literacy, as well as adopting two scales for self-efficiency and accomplishment motive. The results showed a decline in the level of physics literacy in the students. It also revealed that there is a statistically approved positive correlation between physics literacy and self-efficiency, whereas the existence of statistically unapproved positive relation between physics literacy and accomplishment motive. The results did not show any statistically approved difference on the level 0.05 in the level of physics literacy related to the sex variable.

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Article
The effect of using active learning strategy in the collection of material chemistry and reflective thinking among second grade students average
أثر استخدام استراتيجية التعلم النشط في تحصيل مادة الكيمياء والتفكير التأملي~ لدى طالبات الصف الثاني متوسط

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Abstract

The goal of research is to know the effect of the use of active learning strategy in the collection of material chemistry and thinking contemplative with second grade students average, compared to the usual way, the researcher used the experimental method to achieve the target of the search, sample consisted Find (65) Student, taken one at random to represent the experimental group and adult number (33) students studied according to the teaching strategy of active learning, and studied group (control group) and of the number of members (32) students in the usual way. The researcher prepared achievement test according to the levels of Bloom (remember, absorb and apply), were verified from the charity and its stability, and the other test reflective thinking and consisted of (16) items of type (multiple choice). After the end of the experiment the test dish grades and test reflective thinking on the two sets of search , and the results showed a statistically significant differences in achievement and thinking contemplative differences in favor of the experimental group that studied according to active learning strategy.

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Article
Justice of the school and relationship with the Psychological Security among Elmenrtary School Students
الشعور بالعدالة المدرسية وعلاقتها بالأمن النفسيّ لدى تلاميذ المرحلة الابتدائية

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Abstract

The study aimed to identify the correlation between school justice and their relationship to psychological security, and achieve the objectives of the study measure applied to the study sample of (140) students, and the researcher to adopt a school justice measure for (Nichols & God,1998) as the researcher prepare a psychological security measure was the extraction the psychometric properties of the scale, and after processing the data statistically using a link Pearson coefficient and test samples t to sample one and two samples, results showed that he does not have a school justice to the students Almrahlhalaptdaúah, and the presence of statistically significant differences in the level of school justice differences, according to the sex variable in favor of females, and the results showed that the sense of security psychological among primary school pupils was average, and the presence of a statistically significant at the psychological level of security and differences by gender variable in favor of females, too, although there relational direct correlation between school psychological justice and security relationship.

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Article
How to build and the formation of the Iraqi buffalo environment in museum exhibits hall (buffalo tank) Researcher
كيفية بناء وتشكيل بيئة الجاموس العراقي في قاعة معروضات المتحف (خزان الجاموس)

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Abstract

Animal buffalo great economic importance given much of the world wide interest in it, did not limit the Research Center of Natural History Iraqi This interest has initiated the creation of a suitable place him in the hall exhibits the center as a kind of positive publicity that contribute from near or far to the definition of this tributary strong economic assigns other economic tributaries of Iraq. Has been allocated a distinct a reservoir in the hall.

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