Table of content

Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences

مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 20727798 23128186
Publisher: University of Kufa
Faculty: Agriculture
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Bi annual scientific refereed journal published by Faculty of Agriculture - University of Kufa, date of the first issued was in 2009.

Print ISSN:2072–7798 Online ISSN:2312–8186
DOI Crossref USA: DOI:10.36077
Arab Citation & Impact Factor (Arcif 0.125)

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Contact info

agr.journal@uokufa.edu.iq

Table of content: 2014 volume:6 issue:2

Article
Response of Sour Orange Seedlings (Citrus aurantium L.) to Spraying of Compost Extracts
إستجابة شتلات النارنج إلى الرش بالمستخلصات العضوية المتحللة (.Citrus aurantium L)

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted in the horticulture station located in Al -Mahaweel / Babylon during the period from 09.15.2012 to 15.05.2013 to study the response of sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) to seedlings compost extracts. The experiment contained two factors. The first is types of composed extracts (wheat straws, rice residues and mushroom culture residues), the second is concentrations (0, 100, 125 or 166.6) g.L-1 of each extract. Results showed a significant increase in some of the studied parameters plants height,stem diameter, total number of branches, leaf area, leaves content of total soluble carbohydrates and chlorophyll As a result spraying extracts of compost and the concentrations, as well as interaction between the two treatments significant increase to spraying extract mushroom culture residues and the concentrations 166.6 g.L-1 as compared to the control treatment (water only).نُفِذَتْ التجربة في محطة البستنة في قضاء المحاويل / محافظة بابل للمدة من 15/9/2012 إلى15 /5/2013 لدراسة إستجابة شتلات النارنج Citrus aurantium L. إلى الرش بالمستخلصات العضوية المتحللة. اشتملت التجربة على عاملين يمثل العامل الأول: مستخلصات الأسمدة العضوية وهي: مستخلص مخلفات قش الحنطة ومخلفات بوه الشلب ومخلفات زراعة بيئة فطر المشروم (عيش الغُراب), وأما العامل الثاني: تراكيز مستخلصات الأسمدة العضوية وهي أربعة مستويات 66.6,125,100,0 غم.لتر1-. أظهرت النتائج حدوث زيادة معنوية في بعض المؤشرات المدروسة ارتفاع الشتلة, قطر الساق, عدد الأفرع الكلي, المساحـة الورقيـة, محتوى الأوراق من الكربوهيدرات الذائبة الكلية, محتوى الأوراق من الكلوروفيل الكلي نتيجة الرش بمستخلصات الاسمدة العضوية وبمختلف تراكيزها والتداخل بينهما حيث تفوقت معاملة الرش بمستخلص سماد بيئة فطر عيش الغراب والتركيز166.6غم.لتر 1-قياسا مع الرش بالماء فقط (معاملة المقارنة).


Article
Current Status And Prospective Studies Landscape University Of Kufa

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Abstract

Kufa University Is Alive Educational Campus Its Landscape Plan Verificate The OfAesthetic, Environmental And Functional Benefit And This Is What Lacks In Most OfThe Kuf University Landscape. A Sanctuary , As There Is A Clear Knowledgeia Mental Insufficiency For The Criterion And Designing Considerations That Must Be Available And Adopted In The Design OfThe External Spaces. The Current Study Considers The Development OfThe Landscape OfThe University OfKufa Location. The Research Methodology Represented In The Theoretical Framework That Includes Three Chapters Deal With The Concepts And Basic Variables Research, Wheras The First Chapter Addressed Deals With The Definition OfThe Concept OfLand Scapes And The Concept The University And Study OfThe Universities Design Patterns As Well As Natural And Synthetic Designing Components. While The Second Chapter Has Dealt With The Most Important Design Considerations That Affecting It. The Thrid Chapter Included The Practical (Field Study) Framework Has Which Adopted The Style OfThe Critical Analysis OfThe Reality OfThe Landscape Event OfKufa University That Included The Analysis And Application OfIndicators Derived Fro The Theoretical Framework. Also The Adoption OfThe Style In Collecting OfInformations Through Personal Interviews And Architectural Plans For The Study Location. In Addition To A Questionnaire Been Designal To A Random Sample Representing Users Of Landscapes. A Questionnaire Results Showed That The Design Achieves Environmental And Social Aspects Affecting The Attendance By Users In The University Campus. Other Activites Such As Seatings And Leasure, Reading, Walking. The Attendance Prefered The Plant Diversity, Different Landscape Levels.


Article
The Effect OfExposing The Isolated Fungi From The Salty Soil To Series OfSaline Stress On Its Growth And Sporulation

Authors: Majed M Dewan --- Jamal H. Kadhum
Pages: 34-43
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Abstract

Research was conducted in the laboratories ofAgriculture college/Kufa University, It was found that exposing fungi Cladosporium cladosporioides and C. oxysporum to a series ofstress saline 155 dS.m-1 significant superiority in the radial growth compared to Fusarium pseudonathophillium and F. nygamai. While in series 165 ds.m-1 explained to superiority radial growth ofC. cladosporioides compared with Aspergillus clavatonictus and A. candidus. Whereas exposing series salt stress 175 dS.m-1 gave A. homomorphus superiority compare with A. clavatonictus , C. cladosporioides , C. oxysporum , F. pseudonathophillium and F. nygamai in radial growth. When exposing the fungi to a series ofsalt stress 155 and 165 dS.m-1 C. cladosporioides has showed superiority in sporulation compared to the other isolated fungi, whereas the level ofsalt stress 175 ds.m-1 indicated the superiority in sporulation ofA. niger compared to all isolated fungi except C. cladosporioides.


Article
Effect ofPlanting date , Potassium fertilization and some chemical & biological treatments on population density ofThrips insect Thrips palmi Karny (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) on Cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.)

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Abstract

This study was conducted in a field belongs to the faculty ofagriculture/ Baghdad University during autumn season 2012 to evaluate the complimentary effects ofsome agricultural, chemical and biological methods in reducing the population ofThrips (Thrips palmi Karny) on cucumber plants Cucumis sativus L. in middle ofIraq(Baghdad-Abugraib). Results showed that all chemical and biological treatments had similar negative effects on population oflarval and adult stages ofthrips. Means were 0.840, 0.470, 0.602 and 0.545 insect/leaf where plants were treated with fungus Beauevria bassiana, fungus Trichoderma harzianum, insecticide Talstar, Talstar+B. bassiana or Talstar + T. harzianum, respectively, compared to significant high population, 2.487 insect/leaf resulted from the control treatment. Fertilization levels interacted differently with different treatments and significantly reduced insects population especially when level ofpotassium (P) was increased, a 50 kg ofP /donum suppressed insects population to 0.664 insect/leaf compared to recommended P level, 25 kg/donum that resulted in 1.203 insect/leaf. Thrips population was also affected by the two P levels where interacted with two planting dates. A combination of50 kg/donum, doubled P rate applied at 1st sep. 2012 was more effective in reducing insects population than 25 kg/donum applied at 1st Aug. 2012, means were 0.544 and 1.437 insect/leaf, respectively.


Article
The root exudates effect ofsome plants on the growth ofpathogenic fungus(Fusarium oxysporum f.sp lycopersici) and biocontror agent Trichoderma harzianum and the growth and productivity oftomato plant

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Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the activity 0f the allelopathic exudates ofanise (Pimpinella anisum)،pea (Pisum sativum)،garlic(Allium sativum)and onion(Allium cepa) plants،in the growth and Pathogenicty ofFusarium oxysporium f.sp lycopersici (F.o.l.) and the ability of Trichoderma harzianum (T.h.) as a bioagent in the control and the activity of the extraction ofshoot and root ofanise and garlic plants on The growth and sporulation ofthos two fungi. The pathogenicity test of F.o.l. showed the seed decay oftomato was 100% compared with 0.0% in the T.h. treatment .The results appeared the root exudates ofanise and garlic reduced the radial growth of F.o.l. to 0.49 and 1.01 cm respeetively ،whereas the pes treatment promoted the growth of F.o.l. to 1.83 cm compared with 1.50 and 1.51 cm in control treatment ’ while the root exudates ofgarlic increased the radial growth of T.h. to 1.12 cm compared with 1.02 cm in the control. The root exudates of 50 seed ofanise and 50 gorlic bulb reduced the soft biomass weight of F.o.l. to 16.60 and 16.05 gm compared with 18.88 and 18.45 gm in the control respectively ،whereas the above treatment increased the weights in T.h. to 8.89 and 7.79 gm compared with 7.10 and 6.23 gm in the control. The root exudates ofanise plnt for growing 10 d increased the shoot length oftomato to 12.67 cm comeared with 8.8 cm in the control and root to 9.43 cm for 15 d in above treatment compared with 7.00 cm in the control increased the followring setting to 92.70 % and The in teraction’ increased The productivity to 9.72 and 9.16 kg in anise and garlic treatments respectively compared with 7.83 kg in tomato plant alone.


Article
Effect Of Replacing Calcium Powder By Limestone On The Economic Feasibility Study Of Fattening Iraqi Calves Project

Authors: Y.M.Kassim
Pages: 70-82
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Abstract

In order to arrive at higher revenue and achieve high profitability earnings benefit ofinterested breeders and researchers. This study was conducted in the private farm (Bartala station for Animal Production) in Nineveh province. Twenty-four (males) calves (Aljenobi strain) with aged 8-9 months were fed four fattening diets similar level ofcrud protein and energy metabolize but different in level ofcalcium in fattening diets. Animals got roughage feed by daily grazing for a six hours per day until final fattening experiment (120 days).The average initial weight ofcalves were 115.500, 115.330, 115.833, 115.166 kg respectively. Calves were distributed randomly into four treatments (0, 0.50, 1.00, 1.50% calcium powder) six calves for each treatments. The results showed an improvement in average ofweight gains for the last three treatments compared to the first treatment (control diet) and an increase in amount offeed intake as calcium level increased. Also the results showed a presence ofa slight mathematical increase in total cost ofthe fattening process by increasing calcium levels. The average total cost were 4.880.200,5.058.344,5.177.908,5.275.332 Iraqi diners for four treatments respectively. While the results ofthis study indicated revenues to achieve profitability by high percent when increasing calcium levels from 0% in the first treatment to 0.5,1 and 1.5% levels in experimental fattening diets ofcalves during fattening experience period where total income received for fattening project to 3.855.800,4.237.336,4.844.852,5.044.668 Iraqi dinars for four treatments respectively. This increase in revenue fattening experience has contributed positively to maximize the percentage ofnet profit in revenues offattening farm to 79.01,83.77,93.57,95.63% for four treatments respectively.


Article
Response ofCabbage Varieties( Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) to Folia Spray ofCompost extract (date palm leaves) and It,s Effects on Leaves Content of N and K, Yield and Quality Characteristics ofheads

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A field experiment was conducted in two locations, the Al-Mahanawyie district/ Abo-Gharaq in the province ofBabylon and in Al-Sahla district/Kufa in the province ofAl Najaf Alashraf in the growing season of2012-2013 to study the response ofthree cabbage cultivars to spraying with compost extract ofdate palm leaves. The experiment included 12 treatments due to the interaction between three cultivars ofcabbage (Copenhagen Market , Ruby Perfection and Tropicana) and four concentration 0, 25, 50 and 75 ml.L -1 oforganic fertilizer extracts. The experiment was Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications .Results can be summarized as following : Results showed that cv. "Tropicana " had significantly the highest plant leaf number, leaves content ofN, head weight, total productivity and head quality characteristics (protein and carbohydrate percentages), while "Copenhagen Market" cv. was significantly eminent in terms of K percentage only compared to cv. "Ruby Perfection" which gave the lowest values for the above characteristics. Spraying results revealed that all concentrations ofcompost extract had significant effects on the above characteristics compared to spraying with distilled water which gave the lowest values. Interaction between cv. and spraying with compost extract showed in significant where (50 ml.L-1 with Tropicana) resulted in the highest values ofplant leaf number, leaves content ofN, head weight, total productivity and head quality characteristics protein and carbohydrate percentages 66.87,67.39 leaf plant-1 and 4.07% and 2.83,0.97 kg and 47.41, 26.90 Ton.h-1 and 25.50,23.58% and 2.88,2.76% for both locations, respectively except percentage ofN that was the highest in location 2, the interaction of(50 ml.L-1 ×Copenhagen Market) had significantly the highest percentage ofK(3.90,3.84%) for both locations, respectively compared to interaction of(distilled water with Ruby Perfection) which gave the lowest values ofplant leaf number, leaves content ofN, leaves content ofK, head weight, total productivity and head quality characteristics protein and carbohydrate percentages 44.87,40.42 leaf plant-1 and 2.22,1.47% and 2.45, 2.27% and 1.55,0.22 kg and 23.96,16.61 Ton.h-1 and 15.61,14.19% and 1.72,1.56% for both locations, respectively.


Article
Effect OfIrrigation Water Quality And Spraying With Tocopherol On Growth And Yield Okra Abelmoschus Esculentus Moench. Plants

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The experiment was carried out in a private orchard at Shat-Al- Arab District, Basrah Governorate during the summer seasons of2011and 2012 in order to study the effect ofirrigation water quality and spraying with Tocopherol on growth and yield okra plants tolerance to salinity resulted from irrigation by salinity water and its effect on the yield parameters . Treatments included three sources ofwater i.e. tab water, tab water + river water and river water and spraying plants with Tocopherol at four concentrations 0, 50 ,100 and150mg. L.-1). Treatments ofthis experiment were distributed in Split Plot Design with three replicates, was Main Plots represents water sources, spraying with tocopherol represents Sub- Plots. Means were compared according to L.S.D. Test at significant level of0.05. Result could be summarized as follows : - Plants irrigated with tab water had a significantly higher vegetative growth parameters(plant height, leaf number. plant-1, number oflateral branches. Plant-1, and. plant-1), pod weight, pod number. plant-1, plant total yield (268.6 and 204.8 g) and hectare productivity (4.20 and 3.20 ton) for both seasons, flower number. plant-1 in the first season and fruits set percentage in the second season. Plants sprayed with Tocopherol 150 mg. L.-1 had a significant increase in plant height, number oflateral branches. plant-1, and leaf area. plant-1, flower number. plant-1, fruits set percentage, pod number. plant-1, plant total yield (179.3 and 178.5 g) and hectare productivity (2.80 and 2.79 ton) for both seasons. leaf number in the second season and pod weight in the first season. The interactions between the studied factors were significant in all stuided parameters for both seasons.


Article
Effect ofspraying with Bio hormone (Kelpak) and Vit. Org. on growth and yield parametere oftwo hybrids cucumber varieties vars."Sara" and "Saif" (Cucumis sativus L.) grown in unheated plastic houses

Authors: Rasha K. Hamzah
Pages: 105-119
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An experiment was conducted during the Agricultural winter seasons of2011/2012 in unheated plastic house at the College ofAgriculture. Basrah University. The aim was to study the effect ofspraying with bio hormone (Kelpak) and Vit. Org. on growth and yield oftwo cucumber vars."Sara" and "Saif ". The experiment included eight treatments which is the combination resulted from the interaction between spraying with and without for both Kelpak and Vit. Org. and two varieties ofcucumber. Results can be summarized as follows : Sara plants gave significant increases in total leaf number/ plant, decrease days for first inflorescence opening, total flower number/ plant, total fruit number/ plant, fruit weight(103.4g), fruit yield/ plant(3.133kg) and plastic house productivity (1349.0 kg). Whereas, Saif plants gave significant increases in chlorophyll content ofleaf only. Plants sprayed with bio hormone ( Kelpak) gave significant increases in plant height, chlorophyll content, decreased days for first inflorescence opening, total fruit number/ plant, fruit length, fruit diameter fruit weight(101.3g), fruit yield/ plant (3.690kg) and plastic house productivity( 1307.0 kg). Whereas, plants with out spraying gave significant increase in carbohydrates content. Plants sprayed with Vit. Org. gave significant increases in carbohydrates content, decrease days for first inflorescence opening, and fruit set. Total flower number/ plant. total fruit number/ plant, fruit diameter, fruit weight(104.3g), fruit yield/ plant (3.106 kg) and plastic house productivity( 1366.0 kg), whereas, plants with out spraying gave significant increase in tota soluble chlorophyll content. The interaction between the studied factors gave significant increases in all studied parameters.

Table of content: volume:6 issue:2