جدول المحتويات

مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية

ISSN: 18192068
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

1. أسم المجلة : مجلة البحوث التربوية و النفسية
2. اختصاص المجلة : علوم تربوية ونفسية
3. جهة الاصدار : مركز البحوث التربوية والنفسية
4. سنة الاصدار : 1979
5. نوع الاصدار : فصلي
6. انجازات المجلة : 53 عدد
7. الجوائز الحاصلة عليها المجلة : كتب شكر عديدة
8. الاهداف الموسومة من المجلة :
- تنشيط حركة البحث العلمي في مجالات العلوم التربوية والنفسية، من خلال نشر البحوث التي تتوفر فيها شروط البحث العلمي الرصين
- نشر الوعي في القضايا التربوية والنفسية في الوسط الجامعي ومؤسسات المجتمع الاخرى .
- متابعة ما يستجد من نتاج علمي في حقول التربية وعلم النفس وطنياً وعربياً .
9. لغة النشر : عربية – انكليزية
10. نطاق التوزيع : داخل وخارج العراق
11. طريقة التحكيم العلمي (تقييم البحوث ) : ترسل الى خبير علمي متخصص .
12. مصادر التمويل: تمويل ذاتي
13. سعر النسخة : 25.000 خمسة عشر الف دينار للنسخة
14. المستلات واعدادها : مستلان لكل بحث

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معلومات الاتصال

jouranlepr@yahoo.com
موقع المجلة
http://jperc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/

009647503725675 whatsApp / viber

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: العدد: 47

Article
الوعي الغذائي لدى أمهات أطفال الرياض وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات

المؤلفون: الطاف ياسين خضر --- سمر عدنان
الصفحات: 1-25
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الخلاصة

- Lack of awareness of food for mothers of children Riyadh of the factors affecting the nutritional status of the child, and that child health is closely linked to the nature of the child as much as the quality and quantity of food, so current research aims to identify: - - Food awareness among mothers of children Riyadh. - - Statistically significant differences in nutritional awareness depending on the collection of the mother. - - Statistically significant differences in nutritional awareness depending on the age of the mother. - - With statistical significance in food awareness of the mother differences being an employee or non-employee. - So researchers randomly chosen sample of (200) or from mothers children Riyadh, as the researchers build nutritional awareness scale which consisted of (39) items and alternatives to three (applies to always apply to sometimes, does not apply to never) and varying (1 -2-3), and extracted sincerity and discrimination and the stability of the scale, and then applied to the sample and found the following results: - - Mothers of children Riyadh has consciously diet. - - The existence of differences between mothers depending on the variable of academic achievement. - - There are no differences between the mothers depending on the age variable. - - Mothers with children Riyadh is female diet is more awareness of mothers employed.


Article
Early marriage for the minors: a phenomenon of family violence against children
الزواج المبكر لمن هم دون سن 18 سنة ظاهرة من ظواهر العنف الاسري ضد الاطفال

المؤلفون: امل داود سليم --- شيماء حارث محمد
الصفحات: 26-49
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الخلاصة

It is certain that marriage has the favor of the continuity of human kind since the Prophet Adam till now. But this important event is threatened by some justifications which lead to its delay or abandonment. In the West, sexual relations, illegal friendships, and disrespect of marriage sacredness lead to this delay. While the reasons behind the delay of marriage in the Arab world refer to high dowries, women go out to work, and the religious and scientific ignorance of the need and importance of marriage. The problem also differs according to the difference between the rural and urban regions. On one hand, we find that early marriage is a necessity in the rural regions; on the other hand, the delay of marriage is a clear and natural matter in cities. But recently a new problem starts to increase which is the marriage of the minors (under the age of 18 years) which is considered as family violence against children. Hence forth, this research deals with this problem, and analyzes it's positive and negative sides since marriage is an institution that must be built on the right basis like equivalence, and the ability to hold the responsibility. Subsequently, age plays a great role in marriage as it may affect negatively especially if it becomes obligatory on individual. Accordingly, this research inquires the following three questions: 1. Is marriage of the minors preferable? 2. Is it a family violence or not? 3. What are its advantages and disadvantages? After applying the tool of the research on 125 adult female students, the research has come to the following results: - 1. It is not preferable for those under 18 years of age. 2. It is considered a family violence against children. 3. It has many disadvantages including an early divorce, the feeling of regret, as well as the inability to hold responsibility. But the advantage of early marriage is that it protects the young from deviation. In coordination with the Ministries of Education and Higher Education and Scientific Research, the researcher has recommended that there should be some studies that sensitize about the marriage of the minors, its social and economic influences, and its negative results in the future


Article
دور الإرشاد النفسي في تحقيق جودة الحياة بالمجتمع المعاصر

المؤلفون: إيمان محمد حمدان الطائي
الصفحات: 50-71
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الخلاصة

Abstract : Psychological Counseling Services occupies a high position in the developed countries and that for its psychologist services for different sectors of the community members, and has been popularized until recently the wrong concept of the effect, that the psychological service is provided only to the owners of behavior is normal only, Vantage him neglect to provide psychological services a large segment of the community members who are in dire need of these services. The counseling service is part of a global social movement seeking to emphasize the quality of life of the human and the emphasis on the value and dignity and the need to live a quiet life of happiness and away from sources of misery and confusion. Although the concept of quality is mainly given to the physical and technological side, it can use the same concept to denote a human, function and honorable building and the fact that human quality is good hire mental and creative potential and enrich the conscience of the orphan his emotions and feelings and human values . And the result is the quality of life and the quality of the community and this is through the family, the school and the university environment and the work environment . in light of this highlights the importance of research to clarify the role of psychology and counseling to achieve the quality of life and the development of viable recommendations for implementation with clarifying the role of the university and the community to achieve. We try in the current context to clarify the role of psychological counseling in improving the quality of human life that witnessed by the contemporary society and to achieve this goal should be to focus on psychological counseling and the need for it in contemporary society . Secondly, the research objectives The current research aims to identify: 1. The role of psychological counseling to achieve the quality of life. 2. The role of psychological counseling to achieve the quality of life in descending order by weight percentile. Third: the limits of search Is determined by current research professors University of Baghdad and the Iraqi university for the academic year 2014-2015. Fourth, determine the terms Chapter II ....... included theoretical framework to guide the psychological and quality of life. Chapter III .... includes statistical procedures. Chapter IV ... research and recommendations and proposals results.

الكلمات الدلالية

دور الإرشاد النفسي


Article
مهارات ما بعد المعرفة لدى طلاب المدارس الثانوية للمتميزين

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الخلاصة

ABSTRUCT Acquisition of metacognition has an effective and important role in educational process, so it can reduce difficulties faced by learners during theirunderstanding of the subjects. Brown (1980) considers that it is conscious and reflective controlcarried out by the individual in his actions and cognitive responses through the use of self-regulation skills (planning, monitoring and evaluation). The search problem raises through following question: Havestudents ofhigh school for distinct metacognition? Metacognition is very important , so the effective learninginvolves planning and goalsetting, and monitoring the progress of the individual and adapted as needed, and allthese activities are metacognition in nature, and through teaching students these skills - which can be taught - we can improve student learning. The importance of current research raises through the following points: 1-The concept of metacognitionadds a new dimension and opens the scope andbroad prospects for empirical studies and theoretical discussions on topics of intelligence, memory and thinking and comprehension skills and education. 2-Metacognition helps learners to regulateself-behavior and self-awareness through their monitoring of themselves by learning processes . To achieve the objectives of the study, the researchersadopted originalimage of the scale of metacognition which Schraw and Dennison (1994) designed andgot from Kumar study (1998) and the study of Al-Jarrah and Ubaidat (2009) used to measure metacognition at adults and adolescents. The current research has reached the following results: • The research sample individuals possessmetacognition. • There is no statistically significant differencebetween males and females inmetacognition. The researchers found a number of recommendations, andproposals.

الكلمات الدلالية

مهارات ما بعد المعرفة


Article
الشخصية العراقية في سياق تكامل الاسرة الحضرية

المؤلفون: أحلام محسن حسين
الصفحات: 104-129
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الخلاصة

conclusions: From the above can be placed in a summary of the Iraqi personal to the subject in the context of urban family Integration: As personal so hard and durable organization to some extent on the nature of the individual temperament, his mind and his body structure Vhoalve determines the unique environment compatibility. Valchksah not inherited However, the inherited components, building of the body of the individual and the way they complement each other and members of Trivhalta functions performed by temperament and preparations all in compliance with Vchksath become a product of the interaction between the possibility of nature and the environment. From here we can say that the family a big role in the personal configuration, the family is the first school of the child as learning through culture and social civilization increase to teach religion and language ... etc., but can not the community alone that complements the personality of the child if it did not pass the first stages of upbringing in the embrace of family and identifies the key character in the future, he said (Freud): the first five years of a child's life are the foundation on which the human personality and affect it in the future and this means the incubation stage for the family and its importance. It is important when studying personal knowledge of things that pertain to the family in which the individual grew up and which reflects the culture of the community in which the family grew fact play a key and important role in shaping the character and prepare to be a human being socially. It can be seen the effect of changes in the personal and family because of the urbanization process that emerged in the community clearly after the scientific and technological development, which the owner of almost all societies and to varying degrees. Fady to change the family form, construction and functions in and around the extended family to the nuclear family, and family relationships of the dictatorship relations authoritarian absolute Father to the democratic relations and the participation of the mother and the children in the decision-making within the family, and in turn led to a personal style has changed dramatically. As evidence of the researcher through the study that this modest extended family problems were not less than the nuclear family was not the best in the upbringing of the child. Arab and Iraqi ones nuclear family is an unbroken once and for all (family mother), but still the roots of contact existed until now because of its adherence to core values

الكلمات الدلالية

لشخصية العراقية


Article
Anxiety of death among pregnant women in the light of some Demographic variables Governorates Bethlehem and Tulkarm as a model
قلق الموت لدى المرأة الحامل في فلسطين في ضوء بعض المتغيرات الديمغرافية

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الخلاصة

This study aims to identify the anxiety pregnant women have of dying, in the light of some Demographic variables in Bethlehem (age, residence, and the mother's job). The descriptive method was used in this study. To achieve the study purposes, the researchers developed a questionnaire as a tool of study, which consisted of (19) paragraphs ,after been verified of its validity & stability. The researchers distributed questionnaires, and then analyzed them. Results illustrated that the levels of anxiety pregnant women in Bethlehem had of dying was average, with a mean total score of (3.11), and with a standard deviation that had the total score of (0.476). Results also illustrated statistical differences in the pregnant women's levels of anxiety of dyeing that are attributed to the age variable (31-36), However, there was a statistical value that related pregnant women's anxiety of dying to the residence variable, in favor of those who lived in the city. Moreover and there were also variations in the levels of anxiety of dyeing during pregnancy relating to the nature of the mother's job which were in favor of the mother who worked. Thus, and in the light of what the study has reached, the researchers recommends doing further studies and scientific research, that focus on the anxiety of dyeing amongst pregnant women and to apply it to other different social samples. The researcher also recommends the importance of introducing programs that offer psychological and health services for mothers and pregnant women, holding seminars and raising awareness of all the society through the media, concerning the nature of the different psychological status pregnant women go through, and how to handle such situations as well as providing as much emotional balance.


Article
Posttraumatic cognitions and its Relationship with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder of Traumatized Individuals
الادراكات نحو الذات والعالم وعلاقتها باضطراب ما بعد الضغوط الصدمية لدى المتعرضين للضغوط الصدمية

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الخلاصة

Abstract Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder are associated with various variables such as the exposure to traumatic events, sex and age. Such events could lead to negative cognitions towards self and the world. These cognitions, in turn, may lead to traumatic related disorders. The present study aims to identify the percentage of traumatised individuals according to sex and age category variables. It also aims to assess the average of spreading symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder of traumatised individuals according to sex and age category variables. Likewise, it aims to test variables significance in cognitions towards the world and the self according to the level of the spread of posttraumatic stress disorder and according to sex and age category variables. The study consisted of 136 male and female students of Baghdad University, 59 males and 77 females. Traumatic event history, posttraumatic stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder cognition questionnaire was applied. The results have shown that all sample individuals were subjected continuously to various traumatic events. They have also shown that females were subjected to such events more than males. The results have also shown that the females showed posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in a manner that was more consistent with the criteria of identification than males. As regards the negative cognitions towards the world and self, the results have shown high levels of these cognitions especially by the sample individuals who had levels consistent with criteria of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. In light of the findings, a number of recommendations and suggestions have been provided.


Article
القيادة التربوية في ضوء نظريتي x-yوعلاقتها بالروح المعنوية لمديري المدارس الإعدادية

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to identify the educational leadership in the light of my theory xy and its relationship to the morale of the managers of the junior high school as the study population consisted of directors of junior high school in the city of Baghdad of six directorates education for the academic year 2013-2014 AD The number of managers (211) as director, and amounted to a sample Search of (150) director and director of the research community overall rate (71%) and represent this community fully representative sample, two tools were used in the study: the first measure of educational leadership in the light of my theory xy and the second tool to gauge morale. Results concluded that the prevailing leadership style of principals came in the light of the theory y. As well as the results showed that the morale of good managers. And appeared as well as the existence of a correlation between educational leadership in the light of the theory of y and morale The researcher recommends carefully Education Directorates views and proposals prep school principals and make Education Directorates more attention towards the application of modern management methods, thus contributing to the improvement of educational leadership style in junior high school. The researcher proposes to conduct a similar study and its relationship with other variables such as organizational loyalty or job satisfaction


Article
Installing Quality of Gratitude in Children from an Islamic Educational Perspective
تنشئة الطفل على فضيلة شكر الآخرين على معروفهم من منظور تربوي إسلامي

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify how to raise grateful children from an Islamic educational perspective. For that objective to be achieved, the researcher used both of deductive and descriptive approaches using the method of documentary research. The study's results show that children are the real wealth of the community and the foundation of cultural building; therefore, paying attention their raising is a responsibility that must be shared by everyone; gratitude is part parcel of the Islamic doctrine, which is one of the greatest virtues; the virtue of gratitude is the attitude of the believers which in turn strengthens the bonds and expands the network of positive social relationships; It is also considered a cultural significance in any community and has many rewards for both the grateful person and commendable person; there is obvious weakness among educators in terms of raising awareness among young people of the importance of gratitude virtue and its considerable rewards; and the Islamic methods for installing gratitude quality include: setting a role model, guidance, good advice, carrot and stick method, citing examples, storytelling, practice, habituation, and dialogue; and that the absence of gratitude was a result of a number of factors including the absence of setting a role model and the objective of education, while upholding the negative traits without regard for authentic values. In the light of the results of the study, the researcher came out with a number of recommendations including: the necessity to rebuild the moral system for children by instilling gratitude virtue in them, and strengthening it through various authentic Islamic educational methods at home, school and community so as to be a lifestyle, along with the necessity that who are engaged in the field of curriculum development and educational and planning development shall include the subject of gratitude more effectively in the academic curriculum in various stages of public and higher education and encouraging scientific and in-depth research related to the virtue of gratitude regarding the roles of the various educational and community institutions in the development and promotion of such virtue, which may contribute to fill the gap in the field of foundation of Islamic education. 13- 14- Keywords: virtues, morals, ethics, values, principles, gratitude, praise, appreciation, Islamic upbringing, Islamic education, care, child, posterity, favor, charity, taste, gratitude, appreciation, courtesy


Article
Psychological contents As Deduced From Al Namel Surah, Dialogue between Suliman and Hodhod bird & Their Application In School Counseling
المضامين النفسية من حوار سليمان عليه السلام مع الهدهد وتطبيقاتها في الإرشاد المدرسي

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الخلاصة

Abstract: The current research aimed at deducing the psychological contents of Suliman dialogue with the Hodhod and statement applications in school counseling. The researcher followed the Islamic approach in the search, which deals with the study of events, phenomena and practices through a broad understanding of Islamic principles and limitations associated with the general framework of Islam. In addition to the deductive approach is derived from a sub-rule is a general provision. The research revealed many of the psychological contents, including: the importance of continuing care counselor psychological learners, and follow-up field to their problems, conditions, listen good horseshoe to defend himself, clarify the motives of his actions, and highlight the most important element of the Total elements spokesman them, and not merely as behavior but search for an explanation to happen, everyone secrets hidden from the others, and information keen to disclose them, and criticize the behavior, not the owner. explore applications in psychological counseling, such as: the need to lose Leader psychological all learners, follow-up of learners problems on the ground inside the school, the family, the diagnosis of the learner before starting his guidance, direction of action, and listen good learner problem and encourage them to provide realistic and logical justification, notice the learner that what he says of interest, that as a human being into accepting, guide learners to come to terms with all of his colleagues, attention to the composition of the integrated balanced personality for learners, encourage them to express themselves freely and fluency, and modeling good example in front of the educated to teach them about honesty in speech and behavior. Key words: Psychological contents, Al Namel Surah, Dialogue between Suliman and Hodhod bird, School Counseling


Article
The Attitudes of School Teachers and Principals at Regular Government Basic Schools toward Inclusion of Disabled Students in Ajloun Governorate
اتجاهات مديري ومعلمي المدارس العادية الحكومية للمرحلة الأساسية نحو دمج المعاقين في مدارس محافظة عجلون

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to identify the attitudes of school teachers and principals at basic government schools in Ajloun governorate towards the inclusion of disabled students at basic schools, and investigate how they will accept the merger. To achieve the purpose of this study, a questionnaire containing 35 items was administered to school teachers and principals to measure their attitudes toward the inclusion of disabled students in regular schools. The sample of this study consisted of 43 male teachers and (74) female teachers and principals. The frequency, normal distribution, arithmetic means and t-test were used to analyze the data of present study. The findings showed that there were a statistically significant differences in the attitudes of regular government school teachers and principals due to gender variable in favor of males. The findings also showed a statistically significant differences in attitudes due to the profession variable in favor of school principals. However, the findings of this study showed no statistically significant differences in the attitudes due to certain variables such as years of experience, academic qualification and specialization.


Article
Higher education in Iraq
التعليم العالي في العراق((مسيرته - ملامح تطوره))خلال المرحلة 1932م -1958م

المؤلفون: نبأ عبد الحسين --- ميسون باقر مهدي
الصفحات: 281-307
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الخلاصة

In order to specify the features of higher education process and its quantitative and qualitative development in Iraq ; one should look back at its historical process and the need of interesting with it . Accordingly , there will be a chance for verifying the demand of the Iraqi society according to the political , social , and cultural changes especially during the national governance (1932 – 1958 ) . For depicting the most important quantitative and qualitative development of this kind of education the period of 1932 -1958 , and since there is no previous study that tackled this topic , here comes the need of writing this paper . After historical and descriptive analysis of the data and the information supported by the references and the books , the paper concluded the following : - During this period , higher education in Iraq had witnessed the development of several colleges like college of economy and trade 1936 , college of pharmacy 1938 ,college of arts and sciences 1949 ,guiding college 1948, college of agricultural 1950 ,college of dentistry 1953 , college of veterinary medicine 1955 . - Many schools and higher institutes where also established like : college of domestic arts 1932 – 1933 , institutes of fine arts 1936 , institute of Queen Alyaa 1945 , the higher institute of industrial engineering 1950 , the higher institute of physical education 1954. - Sevral college and institutes had also been reopened and the developed . those which already existed in 1932 like : law school 1908 , college of sharia 1912,college of engineering 1917 , higher academy of teachers 1923 ,college of medicine 1927 . - That historical period of the higher education development had also witnessed a quantitative and qualitative growth in preparing students ( males – females ) and instructors in the higher institutes and college , in addition to the growth of quality and the quantity of students missions from Iraq and the other Arabic countries . - That period had also involved the establishment of the first Iraqi University called University of Baghdad. - Several committees had been formed in that period .they discussed the importance of opening several colleges and concentrated on the curricula taught there . they also discussed the means of putting criteria of students acceptance in the college and institutes .

الكلمات الدلالية

التعليم العالي في العراق


Article
الكفاءة الانتاجية الداخلية الكمية في كليات الطب – جامعة بغداد

المؤلفون: ابتسام جواد مهدي --- هدية سلمان حمدان
الصفحات: 308-337
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الخلاصة

The research aims at the following: - Identifying the level of internal quantity efficiency in Medical colleges, University of Baghdad by determining the level of productivity for one group for the total batch according to sex variable (males and females). Procedures of the study The researcher used the descriptive and analytical method has been used by following them up enhanced by flow indicators of students for one session depending on special statistical data analyss . The results are as follows: - The Faculty of Medicine were higher productivity scholarships for one year and two years of schooling, as well as the highest in the efficiency of the Faculty of Dentistry and the Faculty of Medicine of Canada, which was the weakest in the productivity and efficiency coefficient. At the level of sex male / female ratio of the productivity of study for one year at the Faculty of Medicine at the female cohort were higher than those of the male regiment. In the Faculty of Medicine of Canada was the productivity of female scholarship for one year rate three times higher than the proportion of male productivity. In the Faculty of Dentistry, the productivity ratio study for one year in female regiment higher than twice the productivity of male and female two years of schooling were higher productivity than the males. The females efficiency coefficient higher than males efficiency coefficient.


Article
أثر استعمال المُجمعات التعليمية في التحصيل لدى طلبة المرحلة الأولى قسم علوم القرآن الكريم والتربية الإسلامية في كلية التربية الأساسية في مادة علوم القران

المؤلفون: انتصار زين العابدين شهباز
الصفحات: 338-363
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الخلاصة

The research aimed to identify the effect of educational complexes use among the students of the first year students in Quran modernists curriculum department of Quran sciences and Islamic education . The research consisted of ( 60 ) male and female members , ( 30 ) represented the experimental group and ( 30 ) represented the controlled group . the group were randomly selected . for the prepared an achievement test included thirteen questions . Results were processed by using descriptive and statistical analyses to answer the questions of the study . also the researchers used suitable and typical and dual difference analysis . in the results , the researchers recommended a number of recommendations  


Article
الألعاب الالكترونية وعلاقتها بالعزلة الاجتماعية لدى أطفال الرياض

المؤلفون: استبرق داود سالم
الصفحات: 364-390
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الخلاصة

The past few years have seen the development of the quantity and quality in the field of software, as it has become the word of electronic games of common terms used in the modern era. And the effects of this software it is working on a low ability to exercise social activities and the ability to perform the duties and turn away from physical exercise level and lead to the neglect of the child to develop friendships and social relations as a result of his over-zealous in use for a long time .olhz a stated research to achieve Ahavh which are: - Learn about social isolation among children Riyadh. - Identify statistically significant differences in social isolation, depending on the variable sex. - Identify statistically significant differences in social isolation, depending on the number of hours a child online gaming play. - Identify statistically significant differences in the number of hours a child's play online gaming variable depending on the sex. The limited research on mothers governmental kids Riyadh who are in kindergarten in the city of Baghdad for the academic year (2014_2015) and achieve the objectives of research, the researcher build social isolation measure was the number of paragraphs of the scale "26" paragraph, as well as a researcher statistical analysis of the vertebrae by calculating the discriminatory power and show that paragraphs are all distinct and statistically significant with the exception of paragraphs (5_10), it is distinctive, as well as finding a relationship degree paragraph college degree .autam ensure the stability of the scale as a way retest reliability was "0.92" coefficient and this shows that good stability coefficient, increasing the application Alvakronbach equation and found that stability, "0.89" coefficient and this indicates that D. morally. The dish on a scale sample numbered "100" of mothers and children Riyadh research found the following results: The children of Riyadh have no social isolation, and there is no statistically significant difference in social isolation variable depending on the variable sex, as well as the presence of a statistically significant difference in social isolation variable among children Riyadh depending on the number of hours a child's play online gaming, and finally the presence of a statistically significant difference in the number of hours of play Child online gaming and in favor of males. Then the researcher made a series of recommendations and proposals in the light of the search results.

الكلمات الدلالية

الألعاب الالكترونية


Article
The level of school students understand the basic mathematical concepts Engineering Preparation
مسـتوى اسـتيعاب طـلبـة المـرحـلـة الاسـاسية للمفـاهيم الرياضـية الهـندسية

المؤلفون: kameran molod Fatah كامران مولود فتاح
الصفحات: 391-414
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الخلاصة

This study aims at recognizing the levels of comprehension of the students of basic schools to the concepts of mathematical geometric and discovering the existing of the differences among students in the level of understanding of the concepts of mathematical geometrical which is due to the change of gender. The sample of the study is the students of Basic schools, eight level in the basic school of Erbil city, particularly 7-8-and 9 levels in the academic year 2013-2014. The sample consists of 444 students in both genders238 males and 206 females. The tool of the study is test sheet included 20 items of multiple choice. The items are valid since are given to a jury of experts in the field. The study found out the psychometric features of the tests through the chosen sample of the population of the study the process of pilot and final tests. The suitable statistical instruments are used for getting the results. The results are as follow as: 1- The levels of comprehending of the sample to mathematical geometric low according to the criteria have been used for this purpose by the researcher. 2- The significant difference is 0.05 in understanding the concepts of mathematical geometric among the students for the interest of female. At the end of the research some suggestions and recommendations are presented


Article
مدى توافر مهارات القيادة التحويلية لدى رؤساء اقسام كليات جامعة بغداد من وجهة نظر التدريسيين

المؤلفون: مي علي عباس --- منى حيدر
الصفحات: 415-425
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الخلاصة

Leadership skills in boos department in collages of Baghdad University from staff point of view This research included recent skills of transformed ieadership ,its five aspect and they are(transformed,speech of boos,chorus co-0perative work,behavior adjustment of values,common view point,understanding,and apologizing)Thescale is being made for these five aspects and it done on sample of Baghdad university staff and the sample consist of(424)teacher of both genders.The study found out existence of transformedskills of leadership for girls .


Article
Recent trends of Arabic language teaching methods in contemporary education environment
الاتجاهات الحديثة لطرائق تدريس اللغة العربية نحو بيئة تعليمية معاصرة

المؤلفون: Hoda Mohamed Salman هدى محمد سلمان
الصفحات: 426-439
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الخلاصة

Search summary Arabic language the timeless language of the Qur'an ((I made it read Arabic you may understand)) (Al-Zukhruf No 3). It is a way to express his thoughts and feelings and capable of giving constant absorbed the needs of the times and meet the General requirements and interactive needs of life to achieve social and intellectual aspects. The aim of current research to identify what teaching the contemporary trends in teaching, what the nature of knowledge and teaching methods, how do you rate the modern Arabic language teaching methods, the criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of teaching where the researcher has reached some recommendations: 1. establish the basics of environmental education to the students ' motivation to study environment and attention and promote awareness and understanding of all the obvious environmental knowledge, values, attitudes and skills needed to protect and improve the environment, maintain and acquire the skills needed to identify environmental problems and provide appropriate solutions. -Creation of students for tomorrow's world by stimulating students to understand the nature, characteristics and handling information and training on technology and embrace change in the patterns of professions and jobs, and public opinion of the students support and supports information and applications both on an individual level or at the level of educational institutions to speed up the overall development of society. Realization of self-learning search to discover information and facts for themselves and how to learn from books or from the diverse experiences of teaching traditional modern and especially the ability to deal with a computer and the Internet and modern technology 4-acquire knowledge and facts and scientific concepts of functional here the focus is on imparting knowledge and facts associated with the knowledge of the skills, values and attitudes that will enable them to deal with the flow of knowledge, thus giving students a culture of information enabling them to coexist in the information society is a society of the future


Article
Teaching and Education manners in Islamic legacy
آداب التربية والتعليم في التراث الإسلامي

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الخلاصة

Abstract Learning education in the Islamic legacy vision considers a completed The Islamic learning education took its bases from origins of Quran and honored prophet Suna , and stressed on education child a good education and providing him with principles of religion and semantic moral values and Messenger (peace on him) considers the higher example for man in his moral, behavior and goodness and witness on this Higher God said (you had in God Messenger a good leadership for those were requesting God and last day and mentioned God a lot). Al- Ahzab Surah :21. learning education converts man from religion to another and from culture to another and teacher left his signs on the generation if he accept or refuse.


Article
Guilt and its relationship with the self-awareness Educational research Open Educational College Students
الشعور بالذنب وعلاقته بوعي الذات لدى طلبةالكلية التربوية المفتوحة

المؤلفون: . Ahmed Rashid Abd Sultan احمد رشيد عبد سلطان
الصفحات: 455-482
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الخلاصة

Abstract Targeted current research study of the relationship between guilt and self-consciousness and consisted of the research community of students from the open educational college, as has been selected students in the Department of Counseling and psychological science department and the researcher used guilt, prepared Scale (Ansari, 2003), and the measure of selfawareness prepared (Shammari 0.2000), and extracted his Alsekoumtria characteristics, Fastkhrjt alternatives after a presentation to a group of experts and specialists in the field of psychological counseling psychology, education, science and psychological validity and reliability Alvakronbach manner and retesting reaching reliability coefficient of guilt ((0.85) and awareness of self (0.76) For the purpose of verification of the goals of research, the researcher used statistical means the following: Pearson correlation coefficient-1 samples t-test (T-taste)-2 The researcher reached the following conclusions. The open educational college students enjoy a high level of guilt The presence of statistically significant differences between feelings of guilt and selfawareness is an inverse relationship In light of the search results put the researcher set of recommendations are: -Strengthening the different approaches and diverse activities that promote proper human behavior and the search for the best ways that contribute to the development and development. -Take advantage of students who have a very high level of guilt and remorse in the leadership of the various social activities inside and outside the university. -The possibility of a briefing based on psychological counseling and educational research results and guidance by directing students who are concerned about the lack of security and various social activities and urged them to exercise them. Finally, the researcher suggested doing a series of studies in the following sequence: -Building a program to raise the level of guilt among different age groups and all academic levels -Measure the level of guilt for students in all stages of public education (elementary - and middle - and lower secondary)

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