Table of content

al-academy

مجلة الاكاديمي

ISSN: 25232029 18195229
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Fine Arts
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

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jornal of the college of fine Arts University of baghdad

web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

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email : al.academy@cofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq
phone number: 009647703467114
web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2016 volume: issue:78

Article
Semantic displacement of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ in contemporary painting
الانزياح الدلالي لصلب السيد المسيح في الرسم المعاصر

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Abstract

The search consists of four chapters, which are as follows: - First Chapter,The research shows the problem and the importance and its need, its aim and limits are to identify the terms of it consist. The problem of the research has been identified by answering the following question:How to representthe significant displacement of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ in contemporary drawing? ,The aim of the research also has been discussed around what it represents: The significant displacement of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ in contemporary drawingshows. As for the research limits .the portress which are taken from a variety of sources, and the period of time of the year (1945-2008). fearst chapter;The theoretical framework and previous studies, where the theoretical framework includes three topics, the first topic discusses the understanding of the significant. The second topic discusses the understanding of the displacement and its role title. The third topic it was topic it has been indicated in the crucifixion of Christ which is been mentioned in sacred texts with a statement of how they represented on the basis of indications erosion in visual texts matched with it and committed to pragmatism. Then the researcher included a number of indicators theoretical framework: Third Chapterincludes the procedures of the research which consist research assemblywhere it has reached(106)of richlyartworks of the significant crucifixion. Research's samples was identified by (4) artworks, research tool, Research approach, it is a descriptive approach in a manner of content analysis, means of statistical and mathematicaland analysis of the research sample. The fourth chapter includes the research results, and its conclusions, recommendations, and proposals. The most important findings of the researcher as follows: 1-Artists use more than one mechanism within the significant frequently, andthat gave it the same as the led as it been used a single machine, which is the significant displacement, which reflects the extent of freedom exercised by the artist. 2-The largest number of types of indications came from comprehensive negative kind, what indicates a lack of orientationintently of the artist consecration and spreading the ideological principles by utilizing the visual text, but on the contrary it completely. 3-When focusing on the artist's works in highlighting the significance of what other without. That would negatively affect the other indications in the same text

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Article
Design privacy in contemporary ceramic art sculpture
خصوصية التصميم في النحت الخزفي المعاصر

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Abstract

The importance of this research came through the question: Are there a privacy in the design in the ceramic arts, what are they? What are the basis of design for the ceramic art sculptures? The study refers to the design privacy in the contemporary ceramic arts, not as a serviceable art, but the art of being a dialectic collecting the arts across the craft and composition This research is the first study to look at the privacy of design and the connection with the formation of the large sizes ceramic art sculptures, and what they have as privacy of design and the way of formations. To highlight on the most prominent technical problems facing the ceramist in the production of so sculptural works The need for the study comes to help the workers in the field of art from this study and professionals in the technical and aesthetic educational institutions and students of primary and graduate studies in fine arts sections. The study came in four chapters: the first chapter, which contains the problem and the importance of research and the need for it and determine The most important terms contained in the search, and the second chapter, which contained, which included the following: 1. Ceramic art and design. 2. Privacy of ceramic material and design. 3. Ceramic sculpture and design. The most important results that resulted from the study and analysis of samples are: 1. Ceramic art sculpture is a new art structure invested modern design relations to Produce aesthetic values-based on creativity, It appeared in all the sample models, as well as it investment the structure of the laws of physics and the distribution of the blocks within a specific rule and a geometric build. 2. The diversity in the glaze techniques confirmed the desire of the artist to create a visual art formative. 3. The importance of instruments involved in the production of sculpture appeared as actively part in that process, as a clear example that the size of kilns for burning this ceramic arts sculptures sizes. 4. Multi-color in ceramic sculpture Add high specificity singularity design in technical of ceramics arts in especially and in the fine art in general.

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Article
Expressionism in painting contemporary in Iraq Study features formalism
التَّعبيريَّةُ في الرَّسـمِ المعَاصِر في العِـراق دراسـةُ السِّمَـاتِ الشكليـَّةِ

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Abstract

In the present research is marked (expressive drawing in contemporary Iraq, the study of morphological features) eating expressive as the direction of modern art in the drawing for the period before and after World Wars I and II. And follow the tracks. And in research and investigation about the origins and sources and characteristics of expressionist painting at adult patrons and art gatherings, and the extent of their impact in the drawing for contemporary Iraqi sixties and seventies generation (generation of professors) and down to the younger generation in the eighties of the last century. Over the nearly two decades of history of fine movement in Iraq, a period specified in the search within the limits of temporal boundaries, and by analyzing the paintings that were the possession of the Department of Fine Arts in Baghdad, and the sources and photographers and internet sites. From here came the question: Is there a justification for the study of this effect in the (contemporary drawing in Iraq) and morphological features that must be studied? The search consists of four main chapters. Chapter I: general framework for research and began to research the problem and its significance, objectives and definitions of the terms contained therein. The second chapter containing the theoretical framework for the research came Bembages four: the first section root historic expressive, which revolved around the concept of expression in the arts Alchskilleh, and Achkalyate animated in form and substance and content according to the changes in the structures of ideological, intellectual, philosophical, psychological and environmental variable natural and social across times and places mixed. And included a second section, (intellectual foundations of modernity) and eat the philosophical study of the problem of modernity requires that inspired the various analyzes that dealt with to do the pattern of modernity helps us to understand the internal logic, if I may say so to build the ideal style of modernity possible to see that it is this pattern on three basic concepts are (self-, rationality, nihilism), which together constitute the basis of philosophical modernity, and a section on the topic are the three axes (Descartes and subjectivity (f) of Leibniz and rationality) and (Nietzsche and nihilism). The third section (expressive in drawing European modern) and show that the expressive movement and direction of expressing feelings of self more than to express the objective facts, While the expressive coincide with art and Germanic culture, but it is not a phenomenon of Germanic, northeast, but a European, but global in century century. The fourth topic (Expressionism in painting contemporary in Iraq, a study in artistic styles) section dealt generations of Iraqi artists since the fifties and down to the younger generation. The third chapter dealt with research procedures and the research community inventory and analysis of the samples selected in a manner amounting to deliberate acts of three Iraqi artists produced their work during the past within the limits specified in the temporal limits of the search. Find and seal the fourth quarter, indicating the most important findings, conclusions and recommendations and proposals

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Article
The art of make-up and its relation to personality play
فن الماكياج وعلاقته بالشخصية المسرحية

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Abstract

It is well known that the art of theater is based on multiple elements come in the forefront of Representative and his work, and must be of such a representative of the kits help him to complete his work and take it out the image that aspires to it is team work, and these supplies are in the two main axes: First: Internal supplies which runs from the imagination through the focusing and memory Representative and adapts to situations and positions and others. The second is a foreign supplies, which starts from his words and gestures and his movement and his voice, which is the need to requirements help to maturation and completion of this aspect, including the lighting, costumes, decor, make-up, is the role of make-up theater and its importance, just as important as the role of movement or expression, or sound, nor particularly in relation to character play, which will shed light upon our study tagged (the art of make-up and its relation to personality play)

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Article
Features experimentation in theater Iraqi academic
ملامح التجريب في العرض المسرحي الأكاديمي العراقي

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Abstract

1. Chapter I (systematic framework) which includes: the research problem and the importance of the research, the need for it, the goals of the research, the temporal &spatial boundaries, determine the terms and defined procedurally. 2. Chapter II - the theoretical framework: It consists of three sections are: • The first topic:- the concept of references and experimentation in the theater. • The second topic:- the director of academic and experimentation in Iraq. Two paragraphs in this section came after the introduction, in first paragraph to talk about the Iraqi theater academic and experimentation, and in the second paragraph the researcher spoke about the academic director of the Iraqi and experimentation. 3. Chapter III - Actions - the research community: - the method of selecting samples: Adoption of the way (intentional) in the selection of specimens. 4. Chapter IV - Results and conclusions:- (results, conclusions, proposals, recommendations, list of sources and references, appendices, abstract in English).

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Article
The optical text in the cinema film Between the presence and absence Play for free mark
النص الضوئي في الفيلم السينمائي بين الحضور والغياب اللعب الحر بالعلامة

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The light-based life in the universe, including the human derived concepts and meanings of the fear of darkness and evil, comfort and goodness of light, became constitute bilateral haunted man to this day in various concepts of life. Therefore reflect the light form artistic aesthetic in visual arts such arts Fine Photography and the other until the emergence of art cinema, as the use of lighting in cinema has produced high-energy in the composition of its values expressive and symbolic, where it became dark and light are the space visually moving the vehicles media kit for many within the work structure artwork. The research is divided into five chapters, the first chapter (the methodological framework) that included an introduction the problem of the research was to ask the following (you can have light text in the structure of the artwork as a system function of practice Alamati? And what refers to the text of photosynthesis in the film, the atmosphere, or deepen the event, or deepen the general meaning of the film?). And the importance of research and the need him as well as the objective of this research as well as to clarify the limits of search and search terms. The second chapter has included the theoretical framework and previous studies and the Department of the theoretical framework from two sections the first / text photosynthesis as a system media kit. The second chapter / text photosynthesis and play for free brand. Then we but applications that are adopted by the researcher to analyze the selected sample and to reach the goal of his research included the approach adopted in the research and the reasons for selecting the samples and the search tool and unit of analysis. Then the analysis of the sample consisted And draw the final results emanating from the analysis was highlighted that the mark is subject to employment maker of work and as well as display some of continuous movement has and where it occurs in context, as well as view some of the conclusions derived from the search results also included Some of the recommendations that the researcher deems necessary, as well as proposals for further studies, and research has included a list of sources and references that are adopted by the researcher is also available in Arabic and foreign study and a summary in English

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Article
Stimuli effectiveness of teaching aids in the development of the technical capacity of secondary school students in the technical configuration items
فاعلية مثيرات الوسائل التعليمية في تنمية القدرات الفنية لطلبة المرحلة الثانوية في عناصر التكوين الفني

Authors: ليلى شويل حسين
Pages: 107-124
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The importance of culture moot ( visual ) in the community , serves as the conceptual basis for the technical and aesthetic awareness , as all the fields of art represents a kind of social consciousness can not be separated from the practice of performance and awareness of it. That the link between what you do image that expresses the cognitive aspects and performance , and what is reflected on the receiver by turning the event into a set of symbols and meanings that have a correlation relationship to society , education, and other fields. Therefore must provide " material conditions and psychological " that helps the learner to interact effectively and with the active elements of the learning environment in the classroom and gain experience , knowledge and technical skills , attitudes and values needed by the learner commensurate with his abilities and aptitudes and easiest methods and styles as possible. And must be available to the learner 's mental and psychological readiness to acquire that information and expertise and skills within its presence in the learning environment include educational content and teacher, a teacher and educational means and techniques to achieve the desired educational goals . The research aims to: - First : Detection of configuration elements in the artwork . Secondly, the design of an educational program for technical configuration elements for the development of technical capacity for secondary school students _ the fourth grade . Third, the effectiveness of the educational program through its application to an experimental sample of secondary school students - fourth grade for the academic year 2012_2013 , and to validate the second goal and put the researcher Cefreeten two assumptions . The research community of the fourth grade students of preparatory secondary school affiliated to the Directorate General of Educational Baghdad Rusafa first . To achieve the goals of research researcher designed an educational program in the technical elements of the configuration with two types of tests of knowledge and skill and to show the results adopted a set of statistical methods : 1 - equation Mann Whitney test : 2 - coefficient of difficulty Difficulty Equation3- coefficient discrimination Discrimination Equation 4 - Richardson equation Kiodor -20 Kauder Richardson -20- 5 - reliability coefficient estimate or correction

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Article
Phenotypic variations in decorative designs Alangat
التنوعات المظهرية في تصاميم الآنيات الزخرفية

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The problem with the research essential questionably is: (What are the variations phenotypic designs decorative Alangat) The research aims detection of phenotypic variables and Acgalah in Wares structure decorative employee in the decorative designs in the external and internal interfaces to the tombs of the Iraqi holy shrines and the walls of b (upper threshold _ Najaf) Alattabatin Husseinia and Abbasid in the holy city of Karbala) current position (1435 AH / 2014 AD). And ensure that the theoretical framework topics following: diversity in the structure motifs and vegetable processors color as well as landmarks decking decorative decorative gift items and adopted a researcher at the procedures purely on the descriptive analytical approach in order to reach to achieve his findings samples were selected is my intention as numbered sample (8). As a result of the analysis process set of results, including: through the analysis found that there are variations in the structure of decorative Wares (in terms of exterior appeared) 1 . Decorative pots with lobed nozzle-free flowers neck Bhaoh knots Association to form three-element Casey Daybreak caused by a pair of knobs, and her body tapering from the top and plenty of down based on containing the base of the hull of the board inspired by the element Casey tri Daybreak hollow bottom. 2 .Pots, decorative with nozzle straight devoid of flowers overlapped her neck with a bottom round and has a pair of handles are linked to the body knot inspired by the tinea Leaf shape Association, and the body expanding the top and Almstdq from the bottom, while the base are Bhaoh misdemeanor, and another with a mouth of straight laden with floral her body similar to the form bulbar inverted partial top and bottom filled with excerpts crescent repeated on a regular basis and the base of the tapered top and widening towards the bottom. . 3 . Decorative vessels laden with mouth of floral and plant leaves that are superimposed show her neck is linked to the body color and form a relatively slim body and widening of the top and bottom of Almstdq based on a concave base is like the pot .. Amamn where decorative works of the vessels was adopted on: 1 .decorative works within diverse parts of the immediate establishment of a single species (Casey Zuhri) and the creation of two types (Pink Cups) and (Casey Gsna, and gift items of works (Casey) within a double portion and set up within the other parts. 2 .held somewhat decorative gift items unilaterally with floral character and surrounded by views of the natural Created decorative vase with floral vocabulary. 3 .decorative gift items with the establishment (Casey) Solid fully chromatically, and served other gift items creation (Casey) Unlike our surroundings subsistence .

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Article
Encrypted form and content in contemporary designs fabrics and aesthetic implications
التشفير في الشكل والمضمون في تصاميم الاقمشة المعاصرة وانعكاساته الجمالية

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This research was dealing with the aesthetic impact of encryption in form and content and aesthetic implications in the design of contemporary fabrics. That's where the design of the cloth is linked to the continuous development and continuous innovation and the pursuit of the all-new innovative designs and at the same time an unmarked Cryptographic with semantics and symbols reflect reality aesthetically pleasing and contains four chapters on the research : The first chapter discusses the research problem and its significance is the current quest ( encryption in form and content in contemporary designs fabrics and aesthetic implications ) in that it shows the importance of encryption in the design of fabrics and foundation design configurations encrypted form and substance aesthetic reflection and ask the following question : Is that the encryption in the form and content of has aesthetic implications in the design of contemporary fabrics ? The objective of this research is to reveal the encryption process for the form , content and implications aesthetic designs in contemporary fabrics . Then determine the terms related to the content of the search. The study identified fabrics produced globally in the markets in 2011. The second chapter included theoretical framework and previous studies and the most important outcome of the theoretical framework has included detectives following : Section I: 1 - The concept of encryption , encryption and encryption secured formal 2 - form and content The second section has included 1 - Beauty 2 - Encryption in form and content and implications aesthetic design. In the third chapter was action research and research methodology and tool -appointed and research and analysis of search patterns. And out in the fourth quarter results , conclusions, recommendations, proposals and it was the most important findings of the research : 1 - was aesthetic reflections through the diversity of style as diversity in the code contributes to the production of speech recipient intellectual and artistic significance . 2 - The encryption attempts to strip the reality and work to integrate environmental fantasy with reality . 3 - Vocabulary and formed elements of the signs and symbols of blades and interpretive semantic units .

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Article
Stability and periphery in Graphic design
الثابت والمتحول في التصميم الكرافيكي

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Graphic design art depends on changeable cognitive systems which their relation and items relying on the accumulation of humane knowledge and thong and the humane look to the venality and his explanation to the relation between him and the venality , then the graphic design art becomes an important item of this accumulation knowledge besides , it is on kind of knowledge kinds . The technological advancement in communication lauds to increasing in communication media and design methods , where the computer and its application in graphic design promotes the design process because of it's capalebities which lead to in creasing in production process , minimizing the cost and time and achieving creative and aesthetic aspect because of it's feat Wes in art program and it's technique in designer . This study which title (Stability and periphery in Graphic design ) sheds the light on this knowledge to understand this subject deeply through three chapters : first one about the problem of the study, the 2nd about the theoretical and previous studies which consists of three axes: The 1st on (The stability and periphery concept in art) , the 2nd on ( the stability and periphery in the structure of graphic item), and the 3rd on (the stability and periphery according to the modern techniques). Third chapter consists of the results of this paper and the scientific suggestions by the researcher which are as following : 1- The periphery in the Stability of graphic design is because it's direct connection in humane needs and the changing of scientific culture due to the age and culture changes . where the stability is stewing from experience , the designer depends on, while the periphery is building and using agents according new system and program. 2- The graphic peripheries connect to changing humane needs as those like functional and living ones which are basically changeable because of time and place. 3- The total periphery in design structure is the result of scientific advancement and productions technology leading to the emergence of electronic art creator and the application of digital technology in design press fields. As for stabilities, they are concepts and contents aiming by the design process which aims at achieving the goal which is attracting the attention of the receiver through every new and creative design.

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Optical patterns and aesthetic values in the halls of events
الانماط الضوئية وقيمها الجمالية في قاعات المناسبات (حفلات الزواج)

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current research Cares about study patterns of optical and aesthetic values in the halls of occasions (weddings) because of their importance in providing an atmosphere of joy. The problem was through the study of light and its impact on the receiver and found a researcher that interior spaces allocated to the halls inappropriate in terms of functional and aesthetic so necessitated the need to study this phenomenon in order to be addressed through the study of light and its impact on the users of those spaces where research aims to current detection properties patterns optical in the internal spaces of the halls and identify some of the aesthetic values of the lighting for the interior spaces. The search consists of four chapters, the first chapter the research problem and the importance of research and its objectives and its borders, then the definition of terms used in it so that the reader understands. Represents the second quarter previous studies and the theoretical framework which consisted of three sections, all in the service of the search to achieve its objectives. The third chapter in the research methodology and the actions taken and revealed the reality of the situation and the actions taken to resolve these problems in the interior spaces of those halls then the fourth and final chapter, which included the results of the analysis of samples representing the research community and the conclusions and recommendations

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Article
Conditions The chromatography in the design the positions waiting passenger transport buses
الاشتراط اللوني في تصميم مواقف انتظار حافلات نقل الركاب

Authors: Musab Hassan Abd مصعب حسن عبد
Pages: 207-228
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Abstract

running the requirement color important place in object of life activity both public and private, Fallon makes represents energy expressive and aesthetic in designing furniture street, especially (positions waiting buses passenger transport)which took looms large in attention receiver designer also, through civilized development and urban and change the city. Requirement, The positions of waiting progress jobs service and that would interact to produces Photos aesthetic Furniture for space street and understand receiver, affect the operation his life and the development of his environment and his psyche and culture of because they entity variable and sophisticated, impose on us to find foundations a design and conditions of chromatic especially dealing with the positions of the wait, thus be reflected on novelty design performed in the street, And reviews the searching through separated first problem of the research a major focus includes a by requiring chromatography and functional performance and aesthetic and its relationship to a time waiting, as well as effectiveness of means design and connotations artistic and cultural and their impact on aspects psychological and physiological with the recipient, without feeling like by a factor boredom and turmoil induced from the waiting, and for that discussed a chapter second reviewed the tract the historical development of positions wait, and the relationship between them and the vocabulary of furniture the street in addition to addressing most important raw materials used in the design and how to achieve the requirement of chromatography as well as the identify the jobs form into the field design, also the potential constructivist for Design according styles technical regulation for the colors and its association perception sensuous and cognitive the receiver , down to a set of results adopted the designer principle sorting the color through distributing trends of fonts Handaseya (rectus, the curved) to accentuate design elements falling within the the scene optical and use techniques of antagonism the values colorimetric to lure the recipient, and enhance the designs into multiple requirements for in Gadgets expressive color (the lighting industrialized- substitutes to nonpainted ores materials such as aluminum, glass, wood) and adopt the the designer to metaphors Bashoa_khas the the environment civilizational of heritage and icons in Iraq to building a formality order.

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Article
Design trends of family dual-used in small spaces
الاتجاهات التصميمية للأسرة المزدوجة المستخدمة في المساحات الصغيرة

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Comes interest in the subject matter in the selection of the Family industry globally as one of the important industries which have developed a clear and significant in recent years, to look at these products and designs to their functional importance have appeared in recent years, the phenomenon of the small spaces because of housing Population density showed the need to find a spare Furniture fit these small spaces On this basis, determine the objective of this research is to arrive at a design techniques for dual-family employee for small spaces research sample included a double family manufactured in laboratories industry Furniture in Baghdad and local research sample includes family double Decker. Research focused on the first four chapters of eating them research problem and its importance, its goals and limits as well as identifying some of the terms of the subject matter. The theoretical framework addressed in Chapter II Detectives several represented axes essential for the design of double beds, such as the definition of the types and forms of family double-decker as well as the functions and reasons for use through the basics of appropriate measurements and angles of the product to keep the human body and to provide adequate comfort during use and thus the efficiency of the work product, also included a chapter Detectives several eating Study of furnishing and double beds, and all embodied in the concept of furniture types and forms of family dual mechanism of human body measurements The second section guarantees the system small spaces and design directions. This section included a study of the conditions of the various sit and lie down and sufficient space for him, as well as the study of the possibilities of movement in building the backbone of the man and its relationship to design the dual family. Third and Me Study of the role of technology in the design of systems change the double-decker family. , And this section contains a study on the appropriate functional double-decker Ajzaalasrh through a blueprint for the human body measurements and its specificity. The researcher in procedures design analysis derived form of axes through indicators that emerged from the theoretical study as well as field visits to the researcher to civil laboratories for dual family industry and small spaces.

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Article
Aesthetic advertising image in the women's magazines covers
جمالية الصورة الاعلانية في أغلفة المجلات النسائية

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In life in general and in the press, especially the success of a particular message depends heavily shipments carried by, and images idyllic suggestive, how many meanings that reaching an audience, and is the magazines and one of those media that target a broad audience, trying to please Him and the acquisition of his attention through a form of aesthetic granted pleasure and satisfaction from this point of view, read image ad as Date pure incident of everyday life, and here was placed this research about the aesthetic image advertising in the covers of women's magazines, which has been briefing them through the Four Seasons included in the search, was the first chapter Batarh systematic talked about problem Find the placing on the form of questionable what aesthetic modes of check image advertising in women's magazines , Which will be the goal of this research, which is the need of the needs of the students and those interested in this specialty is the design layout and finished chapter identify the most important terms that came in its title, and then the second quarter Bembagesh three, was the first topic look philosophical quick about aesthetic image began attempts rights firstto express his concerns that have become an integral part of contemporary human life , Then the second part, which talked about the image ad .. between the job and innovation and what are the foundations upon which the image to be innovative and check attraction and fascinate and credibility at the same time, functions and aesthetic news and hold it connotations of expressive and the resort of magazines to use image advertising to influence the recipient and convince him, and Maitalq outthe ability of the marketing and promotion, and then enter the third section, which dealt with covers of women's magazines and her money from the privacy of all other magazines in being treated with a class (women) are characterized by Brhafah sense and the ability consumer for so must provide the elements of attraction and persuasion to enable the marketing materials for this class, whether newsor cultural, Then came the researcher three indicators resulting from the theoretical framework related to image advertising, color and check the foundations of design of the suit, unity, harmony and rhythm to get into the casing attractive is the identity of the magazine, which he represents, and came third quarter pregnant research procedures and the reasons for selecting the sample by clicking the extensive research and analysis of the sample according to the indicators frameworktheoretical and exit outcomes which included: 1 - Play's advertising in women's magazines play an important role in achieving the attraction of being an aesthetic element breaking the deadlock and aims to influence and operates the largest area of the cover. 2 - Color is one of the important elements in the design press, and plays an important role aesthetically and functionally by directing the reader's eye movement on the cover as he has psychology effects and suggestive with weights. 3 - be for Altibograveh elements of Article print clarity and how to show the importance of attracting the receiver to the content of the magazine and therefore verify respond in acquisition. Has also been recording the conclusions drawn from the research, and the inclusion of sources with pictures included extension sample (1-6) of the flower magazine covers the Gulf.

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