جدول المحتويات

مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 10 العدد: 3 - part 1

Article
Morphological and Histological Description of the Tongue in the Frog Rana ridibunda
الوصف المظھري والنسجي للسان في الضفدع الشجیري Rana ridibunda

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الخلاصة

The structure of the lingual epithelium of the frog Rana ridibunda contains two types of papillae which are belived to function in gustation and in the secretion of salivary fluid. Filiform papillae are compactly distributed over nearly the entire dorsal surface of the tongue, and fungiform papillae are scattered a monge the filiform papillae.The each types of papillae are covered with pseudo stratified columnar epithelial tissue with goblet cells and a few ciliated cells. The venteral surface of the tongue is lined by a simple epithelial with the presence of goblet cells and no papillary surface. The connective tissue of the lamina propria contained large number of glandular structure, deeply there are bundles of skeletal muscle fibers and the cartilaginous or bone skeleton are abesent in the tongue. The purpose of this study was to clarify the morphological and histological structure of the lingual epithelium of Rana ridibunada.

الكلمات الدلالية

lingual surface --- lingual papillae --- Rana ridibunda.


Article
Effect of Aqueous Extract of Melia azedarach L. Fruits on the Immature stages of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera:Curculionidae)
تأثیر المستخلص المائي لثمار نبات السبحبح .Melia azedarach L في الأطوار غیر الكاملة لسوسة النخیل الحمراء (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera:Curculionidae

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الخلاصة

Effect of aqueous extract of Melia azedarach L. fruits on the Immature stages of the Rhynchophorus ferrugineus under laboratory conditions . Results showed that the 1-2 days old eggs were more affected in comparison with the 3-4 days old eggs. Moreover , the results showed that the Mortality rate of larvae exposed to the different concentrations of the extract increased with increased concentration . Furthermore , the 1 – 2 days old pupae were more affected in comparison with 6 - 7 days old pupae .


Article
Morphological Description and Histological Structure of kidney in passer domesticus
الوصف الشكلیائي والتركیب النسجي للكلیة في العصفور المنزلي Passer domesticus

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الخلاصة

The result of the present study showed that the anatomical side in kidney of house sparrow consists of three lobes represented by cranial , middle and caudal lobes . Result of the present study showed that ureter in house sparrow extended at the uentral mid of the middle lope to the end of caudal lobe and appended in colaca ureter extends interiorly in cranial lobe of kidney . The results of the histological study revealed that kidney in house sparrow is differentiated into cortex and medulla . Cortex tissue in house sparrow contains different number of nephrons , each consist of glomerulus , proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) and distal convoluted tubule ( DCT) . The glomeruli distributed randomly within the kidney tissue but they are concentrated clrarly at the rentral surface of kidney . The medulla of house sparrow kidney appears with section of collecting tubule .Results of the histological study in house sparrow showed that the renal tubule lining by single layer of epithelial cells with brush border at its free surface within the (PCT) , while the free surface of (DCT) lack of the brush border .The results of histological showed that they are thin and thick segment of Henle loop . The results of the present study show that the lining of collecting tubules in house sparrow as it in appeared with lining represented by simple epithelium of low columnar to cubical cells .


Article
Study the structure and morphology of the compound (ZnO) 0.8(CuO)0.2 by using nano materials
دراسة التركيب والتشكيل الداخلي للمركب ZnO) 0.8(CuO)0.2) باستخدام مواد نانوية

المؤلفون: Zena Mohammed Ali Abbas زينة محمد علي عباس
الصفحات: 12-18
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الخلاصة

Recent nanotechnological advances suggest that metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) have been expected to be used in various fields. ZnO ,CuO nano powders have been characterized by X-Ray Diffraction. Was used this nanomaterial to Prepare compacted-materials of (ZnO)x(CuO)1-x, by using powder metallurgy with weight ratio (x=0.8). The particle size calculations were done using XRD Scherer’s formula (46.218 nm). The structure and surface morphology of the compound were examined by means of X-Ray Diffraction and scanning electron microscopic (SEM). XRD is an easy tool to determine the size and the shape of the unit cell for any compound .Composite nanostructures of these two oxides (CuO/ZnO) may pave the way for various new applications.


Article
Effect of Thickness on Optical Dispersion of SnO2 Thin Films
تأثیر السُمك على عامل التشتت البصري لاغشیة اوكسید القصدیر الرقیقة

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الخلاصة

Highly conducting and transparent SnO2 thin films have been prepared by a simple and low-cost spray pyrolysis technique on glass substrates. The optical properties and dispersion parameters of tin oxide have been studied as a function of film thickness. The changes in dispersion parameters and Urbach tails were investigated. The optical energy gap Eg decreased with increasing film thicknesses from 200 to 350nm ,and this can be attributed to the increase in the density of localized states and cause an expanding in the Urbach tail and consequently decrease the energy gap from 3.60 eV to 3.49 eV. The single-oscillator parameter has been reported.


Article
Optimum conditions for asparaginase production by Serratia marcescens S10-1
تعیین الظروف المثلى لانتاج الاسباراجینیز من بكتریا 1-Serratia marcescens S10

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الخلاصة

Optimum conditions for asparaginase production by Serratia marcescens S10-1 was studied. Results showed that there was an overproduction obtained includes supplimentation of the production medium with 3% maltose (as a sole source for carbon and energy) , and 2% pepton (as a nitrogen source) , and a mixture of phosphate source 0f: K2HPO4 and KH2PO4 in a ratio of (1 : 1) in a concentration of 0.2 % , pH of the production medium was adjusted to pH 7.5 , inoculated with inoculum size of 2.2 × 108 CFU / ml and incubated at 37 °c for 24 hours in shaker incubater at 150 rpm . Under these conditions enzyme specific activity of asparaginase produced by S. marcescens S10-1 mutant was reached 57.34 U/ mg.


Article
Preparation and Characterization of Amino Acetylene Derivative by Mannich Reaction
تحضیر وتشخیص مشتق امیني استلیني بتفاعل مانخ

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الخلاصة

A short procedure for preparation of {4-[17-(1,5-Dimethyl-hexyl)-10,13-dimethylhexadecahydro-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-yloxy] –but -2-ynylamino}-acetaldehyde)(3) from reaction of terminal acetylene with N-(diphenylmethylene) glycinates (2) is described. The reaction of terminal acetylene with compound (2) promoted by amino acid gave the dehydroamino acids containing secondary amine in good yield with aldehyde in presence of CuCl via microwave technique according to Mannich reaction .The compound(2) was prepared by refluxing cholesterol with propargyl bromide in dilute ethanolic potassium hydroxide solution at 70 oC .All compounds were characterized by means of their FT.IR spectra data and melting points.


Article
Study some Immunological paramrters in some infected patients with typhoid fever in diaylia governorate
تقییم بعض الواسمات المناعیة لبعض الاشخاص المصابین بحمى التیفؤید في محافظة دیالى

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to evaluate some immunoglobulins for some infected patients with typhoid fever, in Diyala governorate. In which 74 blood samples were collected from patients with typhoid fever as well as (40) sample collected from apparently healthy individuals has been accredited as a control group and the study, has continued during the period between September 2012 and up to May of 2013. From 74 sample the results of the study had showed that of the total (74) sample that there is a rise in the proportion of the level three immunoglobulin (IgG, IgM,IgA) for patients compared to control the mean of the (IgG)was (1743 .228 mg / dl) in patients group compared to control (1093.120 mg/dl) and The mean of IgM was (212.605mg/dl) in patients group compared to control(147.640 mg/d ) and the mean of IgA was (276.259 mg / dl) in the patients group compared to the control group (142.118mg/dl) . Also the Study aimed to Measure the complement factors (C3,C4) by using the single radial immunoassay diffusion method in patients with typhoid fever where the results of the study a high level of C3 in a group of patients was increase (109.019 mg / dl) compared to control group ( 108.475mg / dl), and this is an evidence the innate immune response in patients represented by the complement system were stimulated in patient group. and, results of the study also showed a low level of complement (C4) in a group of patients and at a rate (31.627mg/dl) compared to the control group (34.715mg/dl) this is an evidence that the patient immunity had affected in response to infection. From the above , the results of the study had revealed that both the Humoral immunity (IgG,IgM,igA) and Innate immunity were effected in patients with typhoid fever


Article
Optical properties of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) films doped with CoCH3COOH salt
الخصائص البصریة لأغشیة بولي فنایل الكحول المشوبة بملح خلات الكوبلت

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الخلاصة

The optical characteristics of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) films doped with different concentrations (0, 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 wt%) of CoCH3COOH salt powder were studied. The optical transmittance (T%) in the wavelength range (190-1100) nm of films deposited by using solvent casting method was measured. The results show indirect allowed transitions, and the optical band gap of the films decreases with increasing CoCH3COOH content. Optical parameters such as absorption coefficient, refractive index, extinction coefficient and the real and imaginary parts of the dielectric constant of the films were calculated as a function of doping .


Article
Investigating of the core antigen of the virus (Core IgM, Core IgG ) to patients with viral hepatitis B
التحري عن أضداد لب الفیروس (Core IgM, Core IgG ) لمرضى التھاب الكبد الفیروسي البائي

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الخلاصة

Viral hepatitis is the most common epidemic disease worldwide . It is one of the serious health problems which spreading all over the world ,especially in the developing countries such as Iraq. Viral hepatitis including the five main types symbolized with (A,B,C,D, and E ) according to their discovering dates . Moreover , there are other two types such as G and F ,both are less important and no more detailed information about their effects on human health.The study samples included 103 individuals infected with viral hepatitis B, and the control group was 40 uninfected individuals. The samples were collected during December 15 – August 15 from different medical sites (National Center for Blood Transfusion, Hospitals AL-Shaheed Ghazi AL -Hariri and Baghdad Teaching Hospital ) all located in Baghdad ,Iraq .The ages of sample individuals were varying (20-60) years. Regarding the spread of viral core (core-IgG) of viral hepatitis B, the results showed that 54 individuals (52.4%) were positive indicating past infection whereas . the( core-IgM) test showed that 29 individuals (28.2%) were indicating recent or continuing infecation.


Article
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF GARLIC EXTRACT ON BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM TEETH
تأثیر مستخلص الثوم كمضاد للبكتریا المعزولة من الأسنان

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الخلاصة

Background: Allium vegetables, particularly garlic (Allium sativm) have been used for centuries to combat infectious diseases. It exhibits a broad antibiotic spectrum against many types of bacteria, and can be used for formulation of newer broad spectrum antibacterial substances. Objective: This study aimed to explore the antimicrobial activity of aqueous garlic extract on different types of bacteria which cause mouth sore and dental caries. Methods: The study was carried out in College of Medicine / University of Diyala. A total of 200 teeth swabs were collected from students of the college. The isolated bacteria were identified according to standard bacteriological methods and their susceptibility to different antibiotics was tested according to Kirby-Bauer method. Antimicrobial activity of different concentration of aqueous garlic extract was measured by MBC (Minimal Bactericidal Concentration) according to agar-dilution method. The results: Our study revealed that 187 (93.5%) were Streptococcus mutans (S.. mutans), and 144 (72%) were Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The aqueous garlic extract was effective as antibacterial agent against S. aureus and S. mutans which were resistant to different antimicrobial agents. The averages of MBCs of extract against S. aureus and S. mutans were 2 mg/mL and 4 mg/mL respectively. Conclusion: Garlic extract has antibacterial activity in low concentration on S. aureus and S.mutans. Garlic extract is safe and inexpensive remedy that can be used as a better alternative especially in developing countries.


Article
Studying the Activity of Renin Enzyme and Some Biochemical Variables of Patients With Chronic Renal Failure at Ramadi Educational Hospital
دراسة مستوى فعالیة أنزیم الرنین وبعض المتغیرات الكیموحیویة للمرضى المصابین بالعجز الكلوي المزمن في مستشفى الرمادي التعلیمي

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الخلاصة

The present paper studies the activity of Renin enzyme and some biochemical variables in the serum and urine of (70) individuals with Chronic Renal Failure (37 males and 33 females) at Ramadi Educational Hospital of ages ranging between (8-80) years ,and (20) (10 males and 10 females ) healthy individuals as the control group for the period from the 1st of Nov.,2011 to the 15th of Mar.,2012. Results have shown a significant increase in the levels of Renin enzyme (72.78 ± 51.88) pg/ml, Potassium ion (5.01 ± 1.16)mmol/l, Systolic.B. Pressure (143.42 ± 25.70)mm/Hg for the patient group compared to the control group which were(18.15 ± 9.39) pg/ml, (4.20 ± 0.35)mmol/l , (122.77 ± 6.23)mm/Hg at (P0.05),respectively. Also ,there has been a significant decrease in the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) (7.01 ± 5.372)ml/min in the urine ,the level of Sodium ion (132.58 ± 5.89) mmol/l , Calcium ion(7.73 ± 0.81)mmol/l, total protein level (6.16 ± 0.65) gm/cm3 , albumin level (3.65 ± 0.56) gm/cm3 , hemoglobin in blood(9.19 ± 1.86) gm/cm3 , the percentage of pack cell volume (28.5 ± 5.75) % in blood serum of the patient group compared to the control group which were (112.99 ± 17.24) ml/min , (140.75 ± 1.64) mmol/l,(9.35 ± 0.39) mmol/l ,(7.50 ± 0.31) gm/cm3 ,(4.66 ± 0.28) gm/cm3 ,(13.28 ±0.80) gm/cm3, (41.27 ± 2.46) % at (P0.05) ,respectively .There has been no significant difference in Chloride in level (103.77 ± 6.03) mmol/l and Gobulin (2.60 ± 0.50) gm/cm3 in the blood serum and the level of Diastolic B Pressure (82.28 ± 15.36) mm/Hg for the patient group in comparison with control group which were (101.38 ± 2.30) mmol/l,(2.65 ± 0.48) gm/cm3 ,(82.50 ±5.49)mm/Hg ,respectively.


Article
Influence of the polymer mold on the laser absorption and fluorescence spectra of Rhodamines Dyes
تأثیر القالب البولیمري على الامتصاص اللیزري وأطیاف الفلورة لصبغات الرودامینات

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الخلاصة

This research includes influence of polymer mold of the absorption spectra and fluorescence of Rhodamine B and Rhodamine 6G in the different melts for example chloroform, methanol and dimethyl sulphoxides in the different concentrations (10-4 -10-6) mole/liter. The results show that intensity and wave length at top of absorption spectra and fluorescence for dye solutions of two dyes; Rhodamine B and Rhodamine 6G ,should be depend on the increasing polymer size ratio adding ,measure the spectra characters and Photophysical Properties for dyes solutions in the polymer molds (PMMA) ,so results show of this research that absorption spectra and fluorescence for this solutions (dyes solutions) shift towards short waves lengths (high energies) more than liquids solutions for dyes ,also the intensity of absorption spectra and fluorescence increasing, and mixing Dye solution concentration with polymer which appear active effect for polymer which increasing of efficiency of the absorption spectra and fluorescence of Rhodamine B and Rhodamine 6G.


Article
Purification and characterization of exoinulinase from Pseudomonas putida isolated from agricultural waste materials
تنقیة وتوصیف الانیولینیز الخارجي من بكتریا Pseudomonas putida المعزولة من بقایا المواد الزراعية

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الخلاصة

Inulinase(2,1-b-D-fructano -hydrolases EC 3.2.1.7) is an enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of inulin into fructose and oligosaccharides, which are widely used as food additives. In this study we report inulinase from Pseudomonas putida, as in the past decade there isn't any report on inulinase from this bacteria, especially purification and characterization of this enzyme. Pseudomonas putida wh2 gave the highest production level of inulinase, which purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate percipitation, gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography with 109.1 fold of purification. The purified enzyme is a single peptide with approximate molecular mass of 72 kDa as assessed by SDS-PAGE. The enzyme is optimally active at 55 ̊c and pH 5, however it still possesses more than 70% of the maximal activity at pH ranging from 4.5 to 7.0, and it is stable at temperature up to 50 ̊c. TLC analysis of end product (enzyme) revealed that inulinase hydrolyzed inulin with a large amount of monosaccharides (fructose) and a trace amount of oligosaccharides, indicating that the purified inulinase had a high exoinulinase activity.

الكلمات الدلالية

Purification --- Inulinase --- Pseudomonas putida --- agricultural waste.


Article
Possibility of transmission the character of antibiotics resistance and heavy metals by conjugation genetic process in klebsiella pneumonia
إمكانیة إنتقال صفة مقاومة المضادات الحیویة والمعادن الثقیلة بعملیة الإقتران الوراثي في بكتریا Klebsiella pneumonia

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الخلاصة

The total 22 isolate of K. pneumoniae which isolated from different infected cases has been active through their growth on the Brain Heart Infusion Broth Media, and then the processes of detection for bacterial producing to the Beta lactamase was done. 19 isolate (86.4%) showed ability to produce β-Lactamase enzyme , also have the ability to produce the Extendended spectrum β-Lactamase enzyme by using Disc Approximation , where was 9 isolates (40.9%), testing has been its ability to produce enzymes Metalloβ-Lactamase and using the Imp-EDTA combination disc as managed 12 isolates (54.5%) production of the enzyme. All isolates showed pattern of multiple drug resistance towards 16 anti biotics , as were all isolates (100%) were resistance to antibiotics Ampicillin , Carbencillin , and Pipracillin, while most of the isolates were sensitive to Imipenem and chloramphenicol, and varied resistance ratio for the rest of antibiotics. Detection tolerate of bacteria to different concentrations of heavy metals and that their growing them on media containing different concentrations (3, 1.5, 0.03, 0.03 and 1.5) mmol. of metals (copper, cobalt, mercury, silver, and zinc) respectively where the highest concentration tolerance the bacteria to copper(3) mmol. , and the lowest concentration tolerance to metallic mercury and silver (0.01) In the current study was conducted the bacterial conjugation for a group of bacterial isolates that have shown high resistance to antibiotics and heavy metals as well as the production of enzymes β-Lactamase with the standard strain E.coliMM294, and the Isolates were unable to achieve the conjugation in the liquid media or solid agar by Seldeen method, while 18 isolates which contain plasmids were able to achieve conjugation (100%) on solid agar by Miller method where depended on heavy growth and direct contact between the donor and recipient strains . The current study found by investigation the plasmid profile for conjugated cells that the most of the plasmids had transferred from donor strain which represent by the isolates under study to standard strain , where 15 trans conjugated isolates (83.3%) from 18 isolate can produce β-Lactamase enzyme , while 9 trans conjugated isolate (50%) can produce extended spectrum β-Lactamase enzyme , and 10 trans conjugated isolate 55.6)%) can produce Metallo β-Lactamase enzyme , in addition to the multi drug resistance and the heavy metal tolerance were transferred to the trans conjugated cells , a condition implying that they are plasmid mediated.


Article
Removal efficiency of copper (II) from aqueous solutions using Iraqi palm tree leaves
كفاءة ازالة النحاس الثنائي من المحالیل المائیة باستخدام سعف النخیل العراقي

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الخلاصة

Iraqi palm tree leaves were used as biosorbent for removal of Cu+2 from aqueous solutions .Different parameters such as pH , biosorbent particle size , biosorbent weigh and shaking time were studied in several batch wise experiments to obtain the optimal conditions for copper removal .Complete copper recovery (100%) was obtained and the maximum biosorption capacity of palm leaves ash (burned in300 Co) was 25 mg/g. at pH 5 . Comparisons of the results obtained by this method with comparable results in the literature were carried out proved the highly efficiency of this inexpensive biosorbent type in the decontamination of water contaminated with copper (which considered as toxic heavy metals) from industrial waste water before released to the river which represents the main source of drinking water .


Article
A Study Of The Effect Of Sulfur-Reducing Bacteria On Reinforced Concrete
دراسة تأثیر البكتریا المختزلة للكبریت على الخرسانة المسلحة

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الخلاصة

This study deals with the ability of the sulfur reducing bacteria to cause corrosion in reinforced concrete . The susceptibly of those bacteria to cause corrosion in reinforced concrete has been tested by using models manufactured in laboratory examination construction of the faculty of engineering –University of Diyala. The study deals with the effect of bacteria on the concrete mix normal resistance and the high resistance of the concrete mix by using ordinary cement and rebar diameter 16 mm and various Bodacat .It has been monitored that the corrosion using a half cell potential in the form of reinforced concrete has an impact on the bacteria –Thus reducing sulfur form concrete . this is done through a mixture which is regular as a model but with high resistance and ordinary cement which is better than using concrete mix normal resistance and ordinary cement by 21% during 28 days . This infact is advisable ; using concrete mix high resistance in quality due to the lack of porosity in the concrete high resistance as this restricte the work of bacteria


Article
Spectral study of some charge transfer complexes derived from some of drugs and acceptors in different solvents
دراسة طیفیة لبعض معقدات انتقال الشحنة المشتقة من بعض الأدویة والمستقبلات في مذیبات مختلفة

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الخلاصة

New charge-transfer (CT) complexes(10) were prepared from 3- methoxy 4- hydroxyl benzyldehyde(vanillin)، dimethyl aminebenzaladehyde with some aromatic amines (sulfa drugs) derivatives compounds as donor molecules with two acceptors molecules dinitrobenzene, and 2,4,6 trinitrophenol. The CT complexes were identified by FT-IR, melting points and UV-Vis spectra. The type of bonding between the donor and acceptor depends on the interaction between components were studies by UV-Vis spectra. The electronic absorption spectra of these compounds have been estimated under different polar solvents, some physical parameters of CT complexes have been calculated at the max of each of them.Using Benesi-Hildebrands equation at25oC, the equilibrium constant has been calculated.


Article
study the prevalence of sarcoptic mange mite on native sheep in Diyala governorate
دراسة انتشار حلم الجرب الساركوبتي على الأغنام المحلیة في محافظة دیالى

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الخلاصة

This study was aimed to demonstrate the prevalence of mange mite Sarcoptes scabiei infection on native breed of sheep in several regions of Diyala province which involved ( Al- muradia , Al-saadia Beni-saad ,Jedidaalshatt ) during the period from September 2012 to June 2013. Atotal of 960 animals examined the infection rate was reached 22.50% , the Beni-saad region show the highest infected rate 47.22% while the lowest rate was recorded in ,Jedidaalshatt region 12.51 % with significant difference between regions p p<0.0 5 . In regard to the months of the study there were a clear significant difference between the regions p<0.0 5 with the highest rate has been recorded in February which was 45.9 % while the lowest rate in June 4.41%. Almost the dray mange mite infected wool less areas , the head region show the highest rate 84.72% compared to other body less wool regions and it was absent in belly and fat tail regions.

الكلمات الدلالية

sheep --- mange mite --- prevalence --- diyala --- الأغنام --- حلم الجرب --- انتشار --- دیالى


Article
Mixing of (Prime-Matrix) to duplicate the complexity of Ciphering (Play Fair Mixed R.S.A.)
الدمج بین ( تقنیة الاعداد الاولیة وطریقة المصفوفة) لزیادة تعقید التشفیر

المؤلفون: Mohammed Sami Mohammed محمد سامي محمد
الصفحات: 114-122
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الخلاصة

In this research mixing between two methods(Traditional), the first will be matrix technique from playfair method and the other is (prime) R.S.A. Technique for pair of characters , which take the rules of these two algorithms and mixed it in one algorithms called "Prime-Matrix" Algorithm, which we make it in this research, and then we compare between the two methods especially the letters will never repeat in the cipher text also the prime numbers are so many to hack.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: