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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 10 العدد: 4

Article
Packet Steganography Using IP ID
اخفاء البیانات داخل حزم الشبكة في الحقل IP ID

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الخلاصة

Packet steganography is a secret mechanism that can be used to leak significant information across a network in a manner that violates security policy and it can be difficult to detect. The huge amount of data and vast number of different protocols in the internet seems ideal as a cover for secret messages. In this research, a proposed method is suggested for packet steganography system. The proposed method uses the TCP/IP protocol header field to cover secret message. The secret characters are encoded to ASCII code before merged in IP ID field using specially designed embedding / extracting algorithms in order to make the system more complex to be defeated by attackers. Results are tested successfully with secret message of (42) character, and cover of (100) raw packets.


Article
Detection qnrA & qnrS genes in bacteria P.aeruginosa resistance to ciprofloxacin using PCR technique and study the transmission of these bacterial genes in conjugation
الكشف عن جينات qnrA & qnrS في بكتريا P.aeruginosa المقاومة لمضاد السبروفلوكساسين باستخدام تقنية PCR ودراسة انتقال هذه الجينات بالاقتران البكتيري

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الخلاصة

The study included and diagnose (100) isolates of Pseudomonas. aeruginosa from (405) sample from patients admitted to Hospital Baquba educatinol for investigate spread Quinolone resistant P.aeruginosa isolates . One handred isolates of P. aeruginosa were recoverd in current study .The results also showed that multiple isolates resistance towards the the Kinds of quinolones used in the study . The success of four isolates of bacterial achieve conjugation bacteria were transferred resistant prescription Ciprofloxacin at the same time ,

الكلمات الدلالية

P.aeruginosa --- Ciprofloxacin --- qnrA


Article
Relationship of Interleukin – 8 levels with some hematological and biochemical parameters in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C infection
العلاقة بين Interleukin – 8 ومؤشرات الدم وبعض القيم الكيموحياتية لدى مرضى التهاب الكبد الفيروسي HCV , HB

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الخلاصة

Infection with hepatitis HBV and HCV affects the liver and results in abroad spectrum of disease outcomes . The role of any given cytokine may be specific or overlapping to generate downstream effects that result from a maze of complex interactions . We evaluated the association between IL- 8 levels of patients with HBV , HCV infections and blood induces and some biological parameters. The study was carried on : - 30 patients chronically infected with HBV (12 males + 18 females ) , the mean age of the patients were 34.03 ± 12.78 years old -30 patients infected with HCV ( 17 males + 13 females ) with mean age of the patients 44.86 ± 17.75 years old. - 28 subjects (control) ( 20 males + 8 females ) , mean age of 28.32 ± 9.32 years old had negative HBs Ag and anti-HCV Ab for the duration of 17/9/20112 to 30/12/2012. Blood samples (6ml) were collected , 2ml for hematological measurements and 4 ml to obtain serum after centrifugation and stored at -84c0 in a deep freezer. Results show lower significantly differ between HBV patients and healthy control in RDW% , Neutrophils and Basophils count . While the mean levels of IL – 8 in sera significantly differ between HBV patients and healthy control( 17.72 ± 14.87 , 8.20 ± 3.15 pg/ml respectively In HCV patients there were lower significantly differ in red blood cells count , concentration of hemoglobin , haematocrit % , RDW% ,platelets, white blood cells count , lymphocytes and basophils . The mean levels of IL – 8 in sera and other parameter did not significantly differ between patients and control. Negative relationship between IL – 8 and lymphocytes , eosinophils in patients with HCV rather than HCV patients, also positive relationship between IL – 8 and ALT, AST enzymes.

الكلمات الدلالية

التهاب الكبد الفيروسي IL – 8 --- C --- B


Article
Effect of Kaolin Clay Concentration and Irradiation on the Electronic Transitions of Polyvinyl Alcohol Films
تأثير تركيز الكؤلين والتشعيع على الأنتقالات الألكترونية لأغشية بولي فنايل الكحول

المؤلفون: Hadi Ahmed Hussin هادي أحمد حسين
الصفحات: 14-24
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الخلاصة

Pure and (1 and 3 wt%) kaolin doped PVA films were synthesized by solution casting method, and exposed to 60Co--rays, activity 2µCi for two weeks, The optical characterizations of the films were carried out using UV-Vis transmittance spectrophtometer in the wavelength range 300–900 nm. The results show that in the visible region the transmittance of the films increases as the kaolin concentration increase clearly as comared with the same film before irradiation. The dominant transmittance band of UV region increases after irradiation while the reverse is the case with the reflectance. Also results indicates that PVA films have an indirect band gap that decreased from 3.7 to 3.55 eV as the doping concentration increases to 3wt%. Also the energy band gap of the irradiated films appeared to be decreased from 3.9 eV down to 3.4 eV.


Article
Studying the Physical Properties of Ceramic Bodies Prepared by Slip Casting Technique
دراسة الخصائص الفيزيائية للاجسام السيراميكية المحضرة بتقنية الصب الانزلاقي

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الخلاصة

In this work, physical phenomena related to the growth and phase formation of alumina, (Al2O3), powder are investigated by experiments and computer calculations. The specimens were formed by slip casting technique. These specimens were fired at various temperatures (500, 1100 and 1600) °C. Alumina samples with different dopant percentages were prepared to study their various physical properties. Before casting, slurries with (60 wt. %) solid content and different percentages of dopant additions were prepared. The dopant used here is kaolinite with (0, 5, 10 and 15) percentage addition, where kaolinite is one of many types of raw materials that have plasticity and advantage of securing. Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (Na-CMC) solution was used as dispersant. The stability of the slip clearly depends on the percentage of dispersant added and the best ratio is found to be (0.33 ml) for each gram of solids. Kaolinite percentage increase leads to decreasing the porosity, water absorption and mass losses. But it leads to increase thermal conductivity, density and shrinkage.


Article
Studying the Effect of Substrate Temperature on the Optical Properties of Iron Oxide (Fe2O3) Thin Films prepared by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis technique
دراسة تأثير درجة حرارة القاعدة على الخصائص البصرية لأغشية أوكسيد الحديديك (Fe2O3) المحضرة بطريقة التحلل الكيميائي الحراري

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الخلاصة

Iron Oxide (Fe2O3) thin films were prepared by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis technique, on glass substrates at temperatures (400,450,500 °C), The optical properties were studied by recording the absorption and transmission spectra in the range (400-900) nm, the optical constants such as (Reflectivity, extinction coefficient, refractive coefficient and Dielectric constant partially real and imaginary) were calculated for the films as a function of wave length, we found that the transmittance and the optical band gap for the direct allowed electronic transition decrease with the increasing of substrate temperature.


Article
Monthly Changes of Some Physical , Chemical and Biological Parameters for Diwaniyah River
التغيرات الشهرية لبعض الخصائص الفيزيائية ، الكيميائية والأحيائية لمياه نهر الديوانية

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الخلاصة

The current study included some of physical and chemical properties of the three stations (agricultural , residential and industrial ) in the Diwaniyah River (January , February, March and April of 2013) , the results showed a difference in some of the properties of water between the months , also found the effect of the regions specific ( agricultural , residential or industrial )in the water properties of the river , the first station (agricultural ) recorded the highest value for each of the electrical conductivity , dissolved oxygen and total hardness and they were all in the January month , whereas the second station (residential ) reported the highest value for the air temperature , pH, TDS, Cl-, NO3, PO4 and E.coli where the sewage and waste lying in the river in this station , while the third station recorded of the highest value to the high temperature of the water was in April .


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of NewSchiff Base Ligand Derived from 4 – aminoantipyrine and it’s complexeswith some Metal Ions and Their Antibacterial Study
تحضير وتشخيص ليكاند قاعدة شف جديدة مشتقة من 4 – أمينو أنتي بايرين ومعقداتها مع بعض الأيونات الفلزية ودراسة فعاليتها المضادة للبكتيريا

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الخلاصة

Metal complexes of Schiff base ligand(L), prepared via condensation of 4−aminoantipyrine and benzil, are prepared. The ligand is characterized based on elemental analysis , IR, electronic spectrum , 1HNMR along with melting point. Metal complexes are reported and characterized based on elemental analysis , IR , electronic spectra , magnetic moment , molar conductance , 1HNMR (for zinc complex only) and chloride content along with mole ratio method and melting point . From the elemental analyses and mole ratio method , 1 : 2 metal : ligand for Mn(II) and Cu(II) complexes and 1:1 metal : ligand for Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes, are found with molecular formula :[Mn (L)2Cl2]. H2O, [Cu(L)2(H2O)Cl ]Cl, [Zn(L)Cl2]. H2O and [Cd (L)Cl2] . From the IR results , we suggested that the ligand (L) behaves as bidentate on complexation with metal ions via the azomethine nitrogen and carbonyl oxygen atom of five member ring of the ligand .The electronic spectral data and magnetic measurements indicate that the complexes exhibit octahedral geometry around Mn(II) and Cu(II) while tetrahedral geometry around Zn(II) and Cd(II) . The results of antibacterial activity showed that only Cd(II) complex have a high activity (22mm) for Eschirichia coli .


Article
Effect of Extracts of (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) Roots and GA3 on Growth of (Helianthus annuus L.)
تأثير مستخلص جذور عرق السوس والجبرلين في نمو نبات زهرة الشمس (.Helianthus annuus L)

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted during the summer growth season of 2012. The experiment aimed to study the effect of roots extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra with 50 and 100% concentration and effect of gibberellin with 100 and 200 ppm on some of morphological and physiological characteristic of Helianthus annuus. The results showed that the two concentration of roots extract of glycyrrhiz increased plant height by 119.86%, 194.24%, leaves number 26.86%, 73.18%, leaf area 53.54%, 215.15%, respectively, dry weight increased 58.80%, weight of 100 grain 85.76%, percentage of protein in grain 26.91% with 50% concentration, the percentage of oil in grain increased 13.62%, 20.80% in 100% , 50% concentration. The GA3 increased plant height 109.94%, 126.46% with 100, 200 ppm respectively, dry weight increased 25.55%, 100 seeds weight 17.50%, percentage of protein in seeds 31.71% and percentage of oil in seeds 10.38% with 200 ppm concentration compared with control plants.


Article
Effect of Olive oil and Almond oil on growth and Inhibition activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus against some pathogenic bacteria
تأثير زيت الزيتون وزيت اللوز على النمو والفعالية التثبيطية لبكتريا Lactobacillus acidophilus تجاه بعض البكتريا المرضية

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الخلاصة

The effect of Olive oil and Almond oil (1,3,5)% on growth and inhibition activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus were tested against some pathogenic bacteria included Escherichia coli , Acinetobacter baumannii , Enterobacter aerugens , Proteus mirabilis , Staphylococcus aureus , Listeria monocytogenes. The results of this study showed that olive oil and Almond oil enhanced the growth of L. acidophilus , also increase the inhibition activity of L. acidophilus in some case according to pathogenic bacteria . The results showed that the Olive oil increase inhibition activity against A. baumannii and P. mirabilis with inhibition diameter (20-25)mm, while the almond oil increase inhibition activity against A. baumannii , P. mirabilis , S. aureus and L. monocytogenes with inhibition diameter(15-22)mm.


Article
Serological and microscopical detection of Toxoplasma gondii in Kirkuk city- Iraq
الكشف المصلي والمجهري لطفيلي المقوسات الكوندية في مدينة كركوك-العراق

المؤلفون: Hiro M. Obaid هيرو محمد عبيد
الصفحات: 59-73
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الخلاصة

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate, intracellular, parasitic protozoa that causes toxoplasmosis. Found worldwide, T. gondii is capable of infecting virtually all warm-blooded animals [1]. In this study, the incidence of Toxoplsma in human and stray cats were studied. One hundred and two serum samples from married and non married women were examined by ELISA and LATEX tests in Kirkuk city from July to December 2012. The results showed that the ELISA test is significantly (P > 0.05) more sensitive than LATEX, with the rate of 36.53 % positive samples for ELISA compared with 21.15% by LATEX test. The most age group which was infected by Toxoplasma in married women was 34-37 years followed by 30-33years, while the most age group which was infected with the parasite in none married women was 13-16 years. The positive blood groups women appears to be significantly (P > 0.05) more at risk for getting toxoplasmosis especially A+(66.6%) and AB+(60%) blood groups. Toxoplasmosis was significantly (P > 0.05) more prevalent among married pregnant women (34.2) comparing with married non pregnant women, and the rate of aborted women among them were 25%. High rate of them had two (57.1%) to three (40%) times abortion. Among 30 Toxoplasma positive samples, 10 (33.3% ), 8 (42.1%) of them had cats at residence when examined by ELISA and LATEX respectively. The significantly (P > 0.05) antibody positive samples were for IgG with rate of 85.5 and 81.8 % in ELISA test for married and none married women respectively, comparing with those samples having IgM and those having both IgG and IgM. Most of the sample examined by LATEX had low titration (1/10, 1/40) in both married and non married women. Fifty stray cat fecal samples were examined microscopically by compound light and fluorescent microscope to detect the oocyst stage, 6 samples were positive with rate of 12%.


Article
Detection of occult Hepatitis B virus infection in Diyala Province
الكشف عن انتشار إصابات التهاب الكبد الفيروسي نمط (ب) الخفي في محافظة ديالى

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الخلاصة

The aim of the present reseaech is to study detection of occult hepatitis B virus infection between blood donors in diyala province by polymerase chain reaction . The results also showed that 3.9% of HBsAg negative blood donors was positive for HBV DNA by PCR ,a significant association between HBsAg& HBVDNA (p<0.001). The results showed that 0.6% of HBsAg and anti –HBc IgM negative were positive for HBV DNA ,on the contrary ,all of blood donors with positive HBsAg &anti-HBc IgM were positive for HBV DNA with a significant association (p<0.001).


Article
Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Studies Of metal Complexes of m - Amino Benzoic Acid
تحضير,تشخيص ودراسة الفعالية البايلوجية للمعقدات المعدنية لـ ( ميتا- امين حامض البنزويك)

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الخلاصة

Reaction of bidentate m-amino benzoic acid (mABAH) with metal salts of (Cu(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), Mn(II), Co(II), Cd(II), Ni(II)) yields the new complexes of type [M(mABA)2] (where M = Cu(II), Pb(II) or Zn(II), Mn(II), Cd(II)), and [Hg(mABA)(H2O)Cl] and [M(mABA)2(H2O)2] (where M = Co(II), Ni(II)). The metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance and IR spectra confirm coordination through nitrogen atom of amine group and the oxygen atom of the carboxylic anion group to the central metal ion. The magnetic moment data suggested for all complexes to have a tetrahedral and octahedral geometry around the central metal ion. The electronic spectral data also agree with their proposed structures. Biological activity of the ligands (mABAH) and their metal complexes were tested against gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus arreus) and gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa).


Article
The Study of Ecological Pollution with Lead in Baquba City and its Suburbs
دراسة التلوث البيئي بالرصاص في مدينة بعقوبة وضواحيها

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الخلاصة

This field study was conducted in Baquba city and its suburbs, to investigate the pollution levels of lead element, and determine its concentration in the soil and river water and its sediments and some plants types of . The present study included sampling and analysis of 51 of soil samples and 36 samples of rivers water, streams and Sediments and 14 samples of plant from different areas of Baquba city and its suburbs included areas of 18 locations that represented industrial , residential , agricultural and roadsides . The results showed that the averages of lead concentration reached 36.96 , trace , 21.72 ppm in soil samples , river water and rivers sediment, respectively . The results showed that lead concentration with a singe between 0.4 - 2.5 , 5.68- 11.52 , 5.74- 11.53 ppm in leaves samples Phoenix dactylifera , Citrus sinensis, Citrus aurantium , respectively . The results showed the high concentrations of lead in the soil of Baquba city and its suburbs, exceeding four times the suggest global average concentrations of lead accepted, amounting to 10 ppm . Based on the results obtained in the present study it can be concluded that the main cause of the high concentrations of lead in the environment of Baquba city and its suburbs was the human activities. At the first of them comes from gasoline genitive tetra Ethyl lead and followed by the factories that deal with lead and its compounds as well as industries and other activities .


Article
Effect the different levels of zinc element in efficiency of Sinorhizobium meliloti atmosphere Nitrogen fixing isolated from Medicago sativa and some plant characteristics inoculums with it laboratory and formerly
تاثير مستويات مختلفة من عنصر الزنك في كفاءة بكتريا Sinorhizobium meliloti المثبتة للنتروجين الجوي والمعزولة من نبات الجت Medicago sativa وبعض صفات النبات الملقح بها مختبريا وحقليا

المؤلفون: Anmar Saadi Aboud انمار سعدي عبود
الصفحات: 90-111
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الخلاصة

Environmental pollutants like heavy metals at lowe concentrations are required for various metabolic activities of microbes including Rhizobia and legume crops on one hand, the excessive metal concentrations on the other hand cause undeniable damage to Rhizobia, legumes and their symbiosis. This study deals with the effect of different levels of zinc element in the efficiency and growth of Sinorhizobium meliloti that infect Alfa alfa plant(Medicago sativa) laborator. Symbiotic characteristics of these bacteria and some characteristic of Alfa alfa plants were studied by treating them with zinc element under normal conditions. Four isolates of S. meliloti have been isolated and identified from root nodules of Medicago sativa plants. These plants were gathered from different agricultural locations in Baghdad and Diyla provinces. Symbols have been given for each isolate (AN-1,AN-2 AN-3 and AN-4).The viable bacterial count have been measured (Cfu) laboratory under the effect of three concentrations of zinc element(0.1, 0.2, 0.3 g/L) through incubation for 48, 72 hours from the beginning of bacterial growth. The results showed significant decrease (P≤0.05) in viable bacterial count and for all zinc concentrations that are used compared with control groups. Increasing zinc concentrations leads to decrease .Also, there were differences between isolates since AN-3, AN-4 isolates were the more sensitive for zinc element than other isolates. The alfa-alfa plants were infected with (AN-1, AN-2, AN-3 and AN-4) isolates. These plants were cultured in soil treated with (0.13, 0.2, 0.52 g /3Kg) concentrations of zinc under normal conditions. Some characteristic of alfa-alfa plants were studied; such as the measurement of the length of shoot and root net, measurement of the dry and wet weight of the plants, number of root nodules, percentage of nitrogen and the content of protein in plants. Also the results showed ahighly significant decrease of (P≤0.05) for most plan characteristics that are under study, and an apparent decrease in the nodulation process of the plants in comparision with the control groups. The most negatively effected isolates were (AN-3, AN-4) and then (AN-1, AN-2).


Article
Investigation of Subsurface Structures by Using Seismic Refraction Method, Northwestern of Al-Anbar Governorate / Iraq
التحري عن التراكيب التحت سطحية باستخدام الطريقة الزلزالية الانكسارية شمال غرب محافظة الانبار / العراق

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الخلاصة

Seismic refraction survey is conducted along both banks of Euphrates River, northwestern of AL-Anbar governorate in order to investigate the subsurface structures at the study area. Four main layers are delineated from the results of interpretation to the seismic data. The first layer represents surface layer which corresponding to quaternary deposits , the ranges of velocity and thickness to the first layer are (600m/sec-950m/sec) and (2.26m-7.4m) respectively. The second layer corresponding to Euphrates Formation with ranges of velocity and thickness between (1400 m/sec -2000 m/sec) and (6.2 m-21.2 m) respectively. Third layer corresponding to Anah Formation with velocity and thickness ranges between (2400 m/sec -3000 m/sec) and (20.6m-40.4m) respectively. Fourth layer corresponding to Baba Formation it has velocity range between (3333m/sec- 4000m/sec). The area at the right bank of Euphrates River is characterized by complex geological situation. Two faults are recognized on the right bank of Euphrates River (F1 and F2), both of them are normal. The first one is located at a distance of 230 m from the river bank and the second is located at a distance of 575m from the river bank. The area at the left bank of the Euphrates refer is characterized by horizontal layers and there is no evidence of any subsurface faults in this part of the study area.


Article
Kinematics for fusion products energies characterized to D-T fusion reaction
حركية طاقات نواتج الاندماج المميزة للتفاعل الاندماجي D-T

المؤلفون: Raad Hammed --- Rownaq Qais
الصفحات: 122-134
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الخلاصة

Theoretical consideration of the possible kinematics for neutron / alpha particles emission phenomena's are necessary in understanding the physical behavior concern the thermonuclear fusion reaction. Our study concentrate on the calculation of the fusion products energies for the D-T fusion reaction ,since these materials represent the essential fuels in almost fusion power devises like Tokomak, dense plasma focus,….etc. it seen that there exist a good agreement between our calculations and the standard theoretical and experiment. And for this case, one can depend our model for the calculations of these physical parameters.


Article
Theoretical calculations of the differential cross section for 3He (d,p) α fusion reaction
حسابات نظرية للمقطع العرضي التفاضلي للتفاعل النووي الاندماجي 3He(d,p)4He

المؤلفون: Zainab Naji Abdullah زينب ناجي عبدالله
الصفحات: 135-149
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الخلاصة

In our present work, we focus on study the reaction between hydrogen isotopes, which are the most important fuels for controlled fusion research, namely, the D-3He reaction. As a source of protons with 14MeV.The strong dependence of the basically hot plasma parameters such as differential cross section ,reactivity and the energy for emitted protons, upon the total cross section, make the problems for choosing the desirable formula for the differential cross section, the main goal for this work.


Article
Estimation of total L-fucose, Glutathion, te stosterone and some trace elements levels in serum of prostate cancer
تقدير مستوى الفيوكوز الكلي, الكلوتاثايون, التستوستيرون وبعض العناصر النزرة في مصل دم المرضى المصابين بسرطان البروستات

المؤلفون: Nadia ahmed al-joboury نادية احمد الجبوري
الصفحات: 150-166
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الخلاصة

In this study the levels of L-fucose, Glutathion, testosterone and some trace elements in sera of patients with prostate cancer and control group were estimated for 30 samples of prostate cancer and 25 samples of control groups. The results showed there was a significant increase in the level of total L-fucose at (p>0.001) for blood serum of patients with prostate cancer compared with their levels in control group, while there were a significant decrease in testosterone and Glutathion at (P ≤ 0.01) and (P ≤ 0.05) respectively for blood serum of patients with prostate cancer compared with their level in control group. Trace elements there was a significant decrease in the level of selenium at (p>0.001) and a significant increase in Cadmium and Zinc at (P ≤ 0.05) and (P ≤ 0.01) respectively for blood serum of patients with prostate cancer compared with their level in control group.


Article
Calculations of Ground Band in even-even 170-180W nuclei by Interacting boson model (IBM-1)
حساب مستويات الطاقة للحزمة الأرضية لنظائر 170-180W الزوجية – الزوجية بأستخدام أنموذج البوزوزنات المتفاعلة (IBM-1)

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الخلاصة

In this work, the properties of 170-180W isotopes are studied by the E-GOS curves and the relation between energy levels and E2 showed that 170-180W lie in SU(3)-O(6) transition region were investigated to calculate the energy levels of ground state band according to the Interacting Boson Model (IBM-1). The entire calculations and drawing of the figures implemented by one program written by matlab language. The results are compared with experimental data and showed good agreement.

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