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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 11 العدد: 3

Article
XRD and AFM Analysis of Iron Oxide (Fe2O3) Thin Films Prepared by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis Method :The Effect of Substrate Temperature
تحليل صور الاشعة السينية ومجهز القوة الذرية لأغشية أوكسيد الحديديك (Fe2O3) المحضرة بطريقة التحلل الكيميائي الحراري: تأثير درجة حرارة القاعدة

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الخلاصة

Iron Oxide (Fe2O3) thin films were prepared by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis technique, on glass substrates at (400,450,500)°C , XRD analysis reveals that all the prepared films were polycrystalline and Hexagonal with a preferred orientation a long (104) plane, The increase in temperature cause an increase in the crystallization of film and homogeneity in addition to increase the grain size, It has been found that an increase in temperature leads to an increase in the crystalline grain size and working to improve the crystal structure. Moreover, the results showed an atomic force microscope (AFM) an increase in the values of the square root of the mean square roughness (RMS), an increase of temperature.


Article
The effect of sugar concentration in polarization light
دراسة تأثير تركيز المحاليل السكرية في الضوء المستقطب

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الخلاصة

In this work, we used several solvents of sugar with different considerations to study the effect on the polarized light and un polarized light after emerging from solutions, We find during that study, that these solutions absorb a part of the incident light which mean that these solutions effect the light intensity during transmission in solution as we show in the tables.

الكلمات الدلالية

effect --- salt --- sugar --- polarization --- light --- سكر، ملح، تاثير، استقطاب، ضوء


Article
An epidemiological study of Trichomonas vaginalis in among women living in Baquba City, Diyala Province, Iraq
دراسة وبائيةُ لطفيلي Trichomonas vaginalis في نساء مدينة بعقوبة ، محافظة ديالى ، العراق

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to determine the percentage of the occurrence of the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis and the risk factors of infection with this parasite among women living in Baquba City Diyala Province, Iraq. One hundred and twenty women who attended the Al-Batool Teaching Hospital and private clinics in Baquba, were examined during the period March until the end of 2013 April. Vaginal swabs were taken from each woman and examined. The direct microscopic examination and cultivated methods were used for diagnosis and full information were recorded about all women such as : age, housing, pregnancy, use of contraceptions, education level, abortion, the number of birthed children and the marriage time. The study showed that the overall percentage of T. vaginalis was 41.6% and the highest infection (12.5%) was at the age group of 26 - 30 years, while the lowest infection rate (0.8%) was found at the age group ˃ 50 years. As for the urban women the infection was 29.1% while the infection among rural women was 12.5%. As for the pregnancy status, it was found that the highest rate of infection was in un-pregnant women (34.1%) compared to pregnant women (7.5%). The study also showed that the percentage of infection has increased significantly among women who do not use contraceptives compared to women who used contraceptive pills (24.1% and 10.8% respectively). With regard to the educational level, the highest rate of infection was among educated women (30.8%) compared to non-educated (10.8%) women. The incidence among abortive women was 26.6% which is higher than that among nonabortive women (15%). The study recorded an infection rate of 29.1 % among women who have 1-5 children. The study also showed that 20% of women who have been married for 6-9 years were infected with this parasite.


Article
Thermo physical proparties of aqueous solution for water and some alcohols at 298 .15 K
الخواص الثرموفيزيائية للمحلول المائي المكون من الماء وبعض الكحولات عند درجة حرارة 298.15 كلفن

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الخلاصة

Through Isopiestic method Was discussed in this study solutions for homogenous interactions of water with alcohols (2-Decanol,2-octanol,2-hexanol and cyclohexanol ) at 25 c° . Been observed that interactions of water with cyclohexanol more if larger compared with alcohols which have been selected in this study , whereas interactions of water in alcohols increased with increasing the activity of water . The value of Hernys constant for the reaction 2-hexanol with water is much lower so calculated values of molality osmotic coefficients for the reaction of water with alcohol reaction is low and decrease with increasing molality of the mixture . The positive values of excess Gibbs energy of maxing water with alcohols(ΔmixGE) through a strong interference between water molecules and alcohols 2-Decanol,2-octanol,2-hexanol and cyclohexanol .


Article
Synthesis and characterization of new bidentate chalcone ligand type (NO) and its MnІІ, CoІІ, NiІІ and CuІІ complexes with study of their antibacterial activity
تحضير وتشخيص ليكاند جالكون ثنائي السن جديد نوع (NO) ومعقداته لاينوات MnІІ, CoІІ, NiІІ and CuІІ ودراسة فعاليتها المضادة للبكتريا

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الخلاصة

The aim of the work is synthesis and characterization of new bidentate chalcone ligand type (NO):[(E)-1-(3-aminophenyl)-3-(4-chlorophenyl) prop-2-en-1-one] [H2L], from the reaction of 3-amino acetophenone with 4-chloro benzaldehyde to produce the ligand [H2L], the reaction was carried out in ethanol as a solvent under stirring. The prepared ligand [H2L] was characterized by FT-IR, UV-Vis spectroscopy, 1H, 13C-NMR spectra, Mass spectra, (C.H.N) and melting point. The complexes of ligand [H2L] were prepared with metal ion M(Π).Where M(Π) = (Mn ,Co ,Ni and Cu) at reflux ,using ethanol as a solvent and KOH as a base with molecular formula [M (H2L)2]+2 where: H2L= (C15H12NOCl). All the complexes were characterized by spectroscopic methods (FT-IR, UV-Vis spectroscopy and Atomic Absorbtion) along, chloride content, melting point, molar conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. These measurements showed tetrahedral geometry around (MnІІ, CoІІ, NiІІ and CuІІ) ions. The biological activity of the ligand [H2L] and it,s complexes were studied using inhibition method.


Article
Synthesis and Identification of Some hetr0cyclic Derivatives compounds of aniline and substituted and Evaluation their Biological Activity
تحضير وتشخيص بعض المركبات الحلقية غير المتجانسة المشتقة من الانيلين ومعوضاته ودراسة فعاليتها البايولوجية

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الخلاصة

This study involved the preparation of series of 2- amino benzothiazole and the derivatives (6-bromo-2- amino benzothiazole and 4,6- di chloro -2- amino benzothiazole) from(aniline, 4-bromo aniline and 4,6- di chloro aniline) . These compounds were reacted with different aromatic aldehyde to get a series of Schiff bases . 2- amino benzothiazole and derivatives were reacted with hydrazine hydrate to prepare the benzothiazole hydrazine . These compounds were characterized chemically by measuring the melting points, and characterized (FT-IR), (H1-NMR) techniques. Then the biological activity of some compounds were studied .


Article
Preparation and study dielectric properties of Copper-nickel ferrite nanoparticles by hydrothermal method
تحضير ودراسة الخصائص العزلية لنانوي نحاس-نيكل فرايت بتقنية الحرارية المائية

المؤلفون: Farah T. M. Noori فرح طارق محمد نوري
الصفحات: 43-59
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الخلاصة

Copper-nickel ferrites were synthesized by employing hydrothermal sol gel technique with general formula Ni1-xCuxFe2O4where x=0.0, 0.3 and 0.5. The pellets of 1.5 cm diameter were prepared with 2 mm thickness by applying pressure of 3 Tons and then sintering with different temperature (600, 700, 800 and 900) °C for further characterization. The main cubic spinal structure phase for all samples was confirmed by x-ray diffraction patterns The prepared specimens were characterized by XRD structural analysis indicates that the percentage of iron ions in B site increases, the intensity of the (311) peak increases. This indicates that the structural changes of the Ni1-xCuxFe2O4, arise from the shifting of ions between A and B sites. Atomic force microscopy showed that the average grain size was about 52.3nm. The morphology was studies using SEM and it is found that the grains had an irregular distribution and irregular shape. The Copper-nickel ferrite (Ni1-xCuxFe2O4) shows high σac conductivity due to dipole polarization. The dielectric constants of the sampleswere noticed to decrease with frequency and Cu addition and due to the different sintering temperatures.


Article
The effect of foliar nutrition in Iron chelate and potassium on the growth characters and yield of Broad bean (Vicia faba L.)
تأثير التغذية الورقية بالحديد المخلبي والبوتاسيوم في صفات النمو وحاصل الباقلاء .Vicia faba L

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الخلاصة

Experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of foliar nutrition in Iron chelate (Fe – EDDHA) in four levels 0,50,100,150 M. L-1 and four levels of potassium 0,5,10,15 M.L-1 in the growth characters and yield of board bean – Spanish category (Luzeotono) during winter growing season 2013-2014 in salty sand which put in pots and the capacity of this pot was 5kg. The treatments were distributed in afactorial experiment with three replicates in Randomized Complete Block Design(R.C.B.D).Means were canpared nccording to L.S.D test with 5% significant level. The results were showed the superiority of adding Iron chelate treatment in concentration of 100 Mg.L-1 and this was led to increase in plants height and total yield and also the results were showed the superiority of adding Iron chelate treatment in concentration of 150 Mg.L-1 and this was led to increase the percentage and the weight of 100 grains and also there was no significant difference between Iron chelate treatment. The results were showed the superiority of adding the potassium which was led to increase in leaf area, fresh weight, dry weight and total yield in concentration of 10 Mg.L-


Article
Role of Some Antioxidants and Hormones in primary Infertility of womenIn Sulaymaniyah governorate
دور بعض مضادات الأكسدة في ضعف الخصوبة الأولي عند النساء في محافظة السليمانية

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الخلاصة

In this study is to determine the causative factors of the infertility in a number of women. The study has been conducted in Sulaymaniyah governorate during the period from November (2013) until March (2014). Infertile patients (60) with different etiologies and (20) normal fertile as a control group are included in the research . The following biochemical markers are estimated on infertile group there was no significant changes in physical characteristics while the results revealed decrease significant levels (P ≤ 0.05) in the effect of catalase enzyme and albumin level in infertile women compared with control group. The effect of Malondialdehyde level in infertility , the results revealed high significant levels (P<0.01) in the effect of Malondialdehyde level in infertile women compared with control group. While there was no significant changes in vitamin E , total protein Level infertile women compared with control group.


Article
Preparation and Identification of some new isatin Schiff’ s-mannich bases
تحضير وتشخيص بعض قواعد شيف – مانخ للايساتين الجديدة

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الخلاصة

Some isatin Schiff’s bases (N1– N12) have been preparedby reaction with some aromatic amines then the resulting products were converted to the corresponding mannich bases ( N13-N23) by reaction with some secondary amines and formaldehyde making use of active –NH group of isatin .All products have been identified by IR spectroscopy and for some by 1H-NMR and13C-NMR and C.H.N analyzer .


Article
Bacteriological and Genetic study of some genus for bacterial gram-negative resistant to β-lactam , isolated from urinary tract infections
دراسة بكتريولوجية وجزيئية لبعض الاجناس البكتيرية السالبة لملون غرام المقاومة لمضادات البيتالاكتام والمعزولة من اخماج المجاري البولية

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الخلاصة

This study included collection 300 samples from patients suffering from urinary tract infection from Baaquba Teaching Hospital and Al –Batool Hospital in Baaquba city for the period from 1/09/2013 to 1/01/2014. The results refer that 66 isolates are belonging to bacteria of Gram negative (57.4%), 25 (37.78 %) Escherichia coli , 22(33.33%) Proteus mirabilis ,by using diagnostic phenotypic ,biochemical tests and confirm the diagnosis using regular API20E. The production of -lactamase by Eschrichia coli and Proteus mirabilis was (60%) , (40.9%) respectively, also the isolated had the ability to produce the Extendended spectrum β-Lactamase enzyme by using disc Approximation ,The production from each ofEschrichia coli and Proteus mirabilis (12%), (31.8 %)respectively. The results of Metalloβ-Lactamase by using the Imp-EDTA combination inducted that E.coli and P.mirabilis were (12%) and (13.6%) respectively. The results of molecular detection of ESBL genes (bla TEM and bla SHV) by using PCR technique ,(9) samples from (10) total , divided into 3(100%) E.coli and 6(85.7%) P.mirabilis were harboring bla TEM gene based on the presence of 950 bp bands in 1% agarose gel. while results detect that the isolates of Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis not harboring bla SHV gene.


Article
Study of Some immunological parameters in Patients with Molluscum Contagiosum
دراسة بعض المؤشرات المناعية لدى بعض المرضى المصابين بفيروس المليساء المعذية

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الخلاصة

The aims of the study to assess the immune status of patients infected with molluscum contagiosum through the measurement of the level of immunoglobulin (IgG,IgM) and the level of complement components especially (C3,C4) by radial immune diffusion assay. The present study was conducted on the period from1 November 2013 to 30 April ,of 2014 in outpatient clinic of Baquba Teaching Hospital . 75 patients were diagnosed with clinical lesions of MCV on different areas of the body, age of patients ranged from(2-50 years) including 40(53.3%) males and 35(46.7%) females .The control were 26.6±15.4 years (range from 2-50 years), 8 (53.3%) of them were males and 7(46.7%) females. After the examination by single radial immune diffusion The results showed the patients were equal or less than 16 years, 24 (32%) from 17-30 years, 19 (25.3%) from 31-45 years and 12 (16%) above 45 years and 40(53.3%) males and 35(46.7%) females, no static significant difference showed between the MCV infection and either the sex or age . The mean±SD of IgM in patients were 1946.6±825.6 mg/dl while in control were 140.1±68.7mg/dl This result is highly significant which indicates that patients with MC had higher level of IgM than control In contrast, patients had lower levels of IgG than control, The mean±SD of IgG in patient were 221.9±96.7mg/dl while in control were 1229.9±299.7mg/dl. This result is highly significant. Also the patients had lower level of C3 and C4 than control. The mean±SD of C3 in patients were 109.6±64.8mg/dl while in control were 120.8±22.1mg/dl. The mean±SD of C4 in patients were 27.8±12.7mg/dl while in control were 38.7±9.8mg/dl. These results are statistically significant . Forty seven (62.7%) patients were from rural area while 28 (37.7%) from urban. There is no statistical difference between both groups .


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Palladium (II) Complexes Containing Mixed Ligands of diphosphine-monoxides and Saccharine or thiosaccharine
تحضير وتشخيص عدد من معقدات البلاديوم(II) الحاوية على مزيج من ليكاندات الفوسفينات الثنائية احادية الاوكسيد والسكارين اوالثايوسكارين

المؤلفون: Mousa S. Hussein موسى سليم حسين
الصفحات: 77-95
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الخلاصة

Two complexes of the type [PdCl2(L)2] L=dppmO,dppeO were prepared from the reaction of with the ligands(dppmO;bis(diphenylphosphino) [PdCl2(DMSO)2] methanemonoxide, dppeO;bis(diphenylphosphino)ethanemonoxide). dppmO and dppeO behave as monodentate ligands ,coordinated to the metal through phosphorus atom. The Z=sac or,tsac were prepared by the reaction of one mole [Pd(L)2(Z)2] Complexes of the type with two moles of (Nasac or,Htsac) lignads. Sac or tsac ligands showed of trans-[PdCl2(L)2] a different types of behavior toward palladium, sac bonded with Pd(II) through Nitrogen atom while tsac bonded through sulphure atom. The prepared complexes were characterized by I.R 1H nmr and elemental analysis


Article
Synthesis and Biological Studies of Co(II),Ni(II),Cu(II) and Zn(II)Complexes with New Compound N-[(2,3-dioxoindolin-1-yl)-N-methylbenzamide]
تحضير ودراسة بايولوجية لمعقدات الكوبالت (II) ،النيكل(II) ،النحاس (II) والزنك(II) مع المركب الجديد N-(2,3- داي اوكسواندولين -1- يل))-N- مثيل بنزامايد

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الخلاصة

The N-[(2,3-dioxoindolin-1-yl)-N-methylbenzamide] was prepared by the reaction of acetanilide with isatin then in presence of added paraformaldehyde, the prepared ligand was identified by microelemental analysis, FT.IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic techniques. Treatment of the prepared ligand with the following selected metal ions (CoII, NiII, CuII and ZnII) in aqueous ethanol with a 1:2 M:L ratio, yielded a series of complexes of the general formula [M(L)2Cl2]. The prepared complexes were characterized using flame atomic absorption, (C.H.N) analysis, FT.IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic methods as well as magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements. Chloride ion content was also evaluated by (Mohr method). From the obtained data the octahedral structure was suggested for all prepared complexes. In addition biological activity of the ligand and complexes against three selected type of bacteria were also examined. Some of the complexes exhibit good bacterial activities.


Article
Extraction of Chitin and Chitosan from Shrimp Shell and loaded with drugs
استخلاص الكيتين والكيتوسان من قشور الروبيان وتحميله بالادوية

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الخلاصة

The study involves the grafting of some drug brought from the General Company for pharmaceutical Industries Samarra,Iraq (Furosemide) on natural Polymers derived from Shrimp Shells. The study includes several steps:First: Cleaning and grinding of the Shrimps Shells then extraction of natural Polymers of Chitin and Chitosan using 10% hydrochloric acid and 50% Sodium hydroxide.Second: Chemical grafting of the used Drugs on Chitin and Chitosan where carried..For Drugs Furosemide, They were loaded on Chitosan using glutraldehyde between the Drug and the Polymer to form the loaded drugs on Polymer.Third: The drugs ,polymers and loaded Polymers with drugs have been investigated by means of (FTIR- Spectroscopy ,UV-visible , and CHN analsis).Analysis in formation sugyest that the druge are successfully loaded on chitin and chitosan. Fourth: Studying of the slow liberation of Drugs from the Polymers by the use of Ultraviolat light at Room temperature. Fifth: study the effect of different pH on the rate of drug release from the network ,which showed that different pH values i.e pH(1.2, 7.2, 9.4) have Significant effect on the rate of release of the the drug from the loaded polymer chitosan showed highest release at the studied ( pH, i.e 1.2).


Article
Reconstruction Torn Image Pieces
إعادة بناء قطع الصور الممزقة

المؤلفون: Seba Aziz Sahy صبا عزيز ساهي
الصفحات: 100-112
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الخلاصة

In this work apply a polygonal approximation to in order to reduce the complexity of the boundaries and then extracts relevant features of the polygon to carry out the local reconstruct Thereafter, these features are used to feed the LCS dynamic programming algorithm, In this way, the overall complexity can be dramatically reduced because few features are used to perform the matching. The preliminary result is resolved and the pieces are match together as search for a global solution. The results, which take into account a limited amount of torn pieces, demonstrate through comprehensive experiments that this feature-matching based procedure produces interesting results for the problem of image reconstruction. longest common string dynamic programming algorithm and Douglas–Peucker algorithm the scores is a valid technique for solving this problem .


Article
Investigation the role of 2-amino pyridine and ET3N in the substitution and hydrolysis mechanism of the P3N3Cl6 by 31P-NMR
مناقشة دور 2- امينوبايريدين و ثلاثي اثيل أمين في ميكانيكية الاستبدال والتحلل المائي لسداسي كلورو ثلاثي الفوسفازين- الحلقي بواسطة تقنية الرنين النووي المغناطيسي للفسفور 31

المؤلفون: Safaa A. Ahmed صفاء عبد الرحمن السامرائي
الصفحات: 113-129
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الخلاصة

1,3,3,5,5, penta chloro-1- mono (2-amido pyridine ) cyclo tri phosphazen and 1,3,5 tri chloro- 1,3,5 tri (2-amidopyridine)cyclo tri phosphazen were synthesized by the reaction of trimer with 2-aminopyridine in mole ratio1:1 and 1:3 in aceton by -800C in Liquid nitrogen bath. The hydrolysis of trimer by the effect of lone pair electron in the nitrogen atom of the 2-amidopyridine was studied by the FTIR and 1H , 13C , 31P- NMR spectroscopy . Hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene is found to be stable in CDCl3 and C6D6 in presence of water even at elevates temp. 550 c for CDCl3 and 650c forC6D6 duo to time factor it could be stayed stable for more than two week. Only upon addition of ET3N than hydrolysis is observed, the hydrolysis of trimer with the triethylamine discussed by 31P-NMR spectroscopy.


Article
Synthesis Schiff Base And Loaded On To The Urethane Foam For Crosslinking Polymers Which Have Analytical Efficiency
تحضير قاعدة شف وتحميلها على الرغوة اليوريثانية للحصول على بوليمرات كلابية ذات كفاءة تحليلية

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الخلاصة

This study includes the preparation of new Schiff base by using the reaction of (O-Hydroxy benzaldehyde) (Salicylaldeheyde) with (4-amino phenyl sulphone). The characterization of this base is carried out by infrared (IR) spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) and elemental analysis. The prepared base was loaded on urethane foam to prepare chelating polymer which was characterized by infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The loading efficiency of this resin was investigated by Batch Method. Moreover, element solutions were prepared in a concentration of (100 ppm) for the ions (Cd2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, and Pb2+). The prepared chelating polymer showed a good efficiency towards the studied ions and it was maxima for nickel and lead ions.


Article
Paleoecological Analysis and Paleontology of Pilaspi Formation in Bekhier Anticline, Dohuk City
تحليل البيئة القديمة والمتحجرات لتكوين بيلاسبي في طية بيخير ، منطقة دهوك

المؤلفون: Mohammed Sattam محمد صطام
الصفحات: 130-145
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الخلاصة

Pilaspi Formation had been studied of two outcrops in Bekhier anticline within Dohuk area from paleoecological and paleontological trend. The first section contained faunal content more than the second section, where it was not affected by diagenesis comparing the second section, and the following fauna could be identified: Miliolids, Peneroplis dusenburyi, Nummulites bayhariensis, Praerhapidionina huberi, Pyrgo sp., Rhapidionina urensis, Rhipidionina williamsoni, Valvulinds, Lithothaminuim sp., unidentified taxa, Echinoids,Coral , Gastropoda . Depending on these taxa, the back-core-fore reef and open marine environment was represented in this section .While the second section was represented by the following fauna: Miliolids, Praerhapidionina huberi, Pyrgo sp., Rhapidionina urensis, Rhipidionina williamsoni, Valvulinds, Lithothaminuim sp., unidentified taxa , Echinoids ,Gastropoda ,and depending on these taxa the shelf environment and open marine was identified without reef environment occurrence .


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of azo Dye and it’s Complexes with Some Metal Ions
تحضير وتشخيص صبغة الازو ومعقداتها مع بعض العناصر الفلزية

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الخلاصة

The reaction of [(ceftriaxone) and (4-nitro aniline)] gave the new azo ligand. Treatment of this ligand with the following metal ions Mn(п), Co(п), Ni(п), Cu(п) and Zn (п) with (1:2) ( M:L) ratio yield series of ionic complexes of general formula [M (L)2 ]Cl2 . The prepared complexes were characterized by using FT.IR , UV-Vis spectroscopic and elemental microanalysis (C.H.N) as well as magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurement. Biological activity of the ligand and complexes against three select types of bacteria were also examined. Some of the complexes exhibit good bacterial activity. From the obtained data the octahedral structure for all prepared complexes.

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