جدول المحتويات

مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 11 العدد: 4

Article
Electromagnetic Characterizations of Cement Using Free Space Technique For The Application of Buried Object Detection
دراسة الخصائص الكهرومغناطيسية للسمنت باستخدم تقنية الفضاء الحر لتطبيقات دراسة الاجسام المدفونة

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الخلاصة

A free space technique is invoked to characterize the electromagnetic properties of different types of cement: Mortar only, mortar with welded wired meshes (BRC) for concrete reinforcement (Concrete), and cement immersed with PVC tubes at the Ku-band from 12 GHz to 18 GHz. The base mixture of the prepared samples is based on cement, sand, and water, as a binding agent, to be as mortar. The measurement setup consists of highly focused transmitting and receiving horn antennas that are connected, respectively, to port 1 and port 2 of the Professional Network Analyzer (Agilent PNA 8720). The samples are inserted between the two antennas to measure, S11 and S12, the S-parameters. Using Agilent’s open ended coaxial probe, the dielectric constant and loss factor are measured at different locations. A Finite Element Method (FEM) based on the formulations of High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) is conducted to validate the measured results. The measured dielectric constant and loss factor are assigned in the HFSS simulations. Good agreements are obtained for the simulated and measured S-parameters within relative errors less than 1% and 2%, respectively.


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Some Hydrazones and Azo-Hydrazones
تحضير وتشخيص بعض الهيدرازونات والآزو هيدرازونات

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الخلاصة

AZO-Hydrazone dyes were obtained from Phenolic Hydrazones. Synthesis a number of phenolic hydrazones compounds through condensation between some substituted phenolic aromatic carbonyl compounds with aromatic hydrazide compound. Some of prepared compounds for azo (17, 21 ,22) have been used as pigments for cotton, wool and white wood, and showed a significant value and also showed a resistance for primary washing process by water and secondary by washing solutions like soap and liquid detergent . These Compounds were verified by some spectral data (FT-IR, H1-NMR).


Article
Using of ELISA Technique for Detection the Supplement Effects of Eruca sativa Leaves in Human Males Hormones
استعمال تقانة الاليزا في الكشف عن تاثير تناول اوراق الجرجير في مستوى الهرمونات الذكرية

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to investigated the effect of Eruca sativa fresh on fertility potential,testosterone and progesterone hormone in human male. Sixteen male human were randomly divided into 4 group, control, group A, group B, and group C. each group comprising of 4 male divided into four age period. At the end of treatment period blood testosterone and progesterone concentration were in ensured by ELISA methods. Significant difference in blood testosterone concentration was observed in male group compared to the control group. The result of this study showed that Eruca sativa fresh leaves especially in higher doses could increase testosterone concentration in male human.


Article
The Study of Chemical and Physical Properties of some ground water wells and the extent of contamination in the city of Samarra in 2013
دراسة الخواص الكيميائية والفيزيائية لمياه بعض الابار الجوفية ومدى تلويثها في مدينة سامراء لعام 2013

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الخلاصة

Results were taken for chemical and physical analysis of underground water wells and (21) wells in Samara city underground byWater Department in the Ministry of Irrigation. Samples were taken for Chemical and Physical analyses of water wells and numbers (21) wells in the city of Samarra by Ground water department of the ministry of Irrigation . It was observed that the results of Physical examination that there is a consensus between electrical conductivity and total dissolved salts in terms of increase and decrease proliferation values .Where the electrical conductivity increases with increasing salinity .The PH values in the water of studied area are neutral alkaline light .And because of the likely impact of ground water feeding her water .which tend to base because of Melting Calcium. In terms of total hardness values, it has emerged that it is very kind of brackish .As for the cat ion concentration of Potassium and Sodium was observed that varying concentration in the study area because of the divers sources of nutrients and water wells . The concentrations of the major negative Ions such as Chloride, where it was observed that the concentration in ground water of the study area is located within the natural border of water dry areas .The Sulfate Ion, The focus is also within the dry areas, while Ion concentration of bicarbonates is located within the range of natural water. The nitrate ion is different concentration and a section of the wells not containing this ion is due mainly presence of well water pollution and Chemical fertilizer nitrogen as well as discharge of sewage water to some of the wells studied region .


Article
Removal of Ni (II) Ion from Aqueous Solution Using Hydrogel Bead and AAS Measurement
إزالة أيون النيكل من المحاليل المائية باستخدام حبيبات الجل المائية وقياسات الامتصاص الذري

المؤلفون: Ahmed M. Saeed أحمد مهدي سعيد
الصفحات: 17-29
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الخلاصة

The adsorption removal is one of the techniques used for the treatment of industrial wastewater. In this research the principle of treatment consists on the removal of Ni (II) ion from wastewater. The elimination of this pollutant was done by using commercial hydrogel as adsorbent removal. Batch method removal at different temperature (5 – 25 oC) and different contact time (1 – 48 hr) applied to reach the equilibrium conditions for Ni(II) ion removal. The removal of Ni (II) ion improved by changing the pH, contact time, initial concentration and temperature. The residual (remained) Ni (II) ion was determined by using the Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). The highest removal of Ni (II) ion was obtained at equilibrium with 24 hr and pH of 6.3. Maximum removal capacity was found to be 135.6 mg Ni (II) ion per g hydrogel bead. Pseudo – first – order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm were best fits for Ni (II) ion. All thermodynamic parameters were evaluated, ΔHads was found to be 13.13 KJ/ mole.


Article
Effect of Mycorrhiza on Enzymatic Defense System of Corn and Sunflower Exposed to Salinity
تأثير المايكورايزا في نظام الدفاع الأنزيمي لنباتي الذرة الصفراء وزهرة الشمس المعرضة للإجهاد الملحي

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الخلاصة

To study the Effect of enzymatic defense system of corn and sunflower plants exposed to Salinity a factorial experiment was conducted in (RCBD) design . Two treatments of mycorrhiza i.e (Inoculation with AM and without inoculation ) with three treatments of irrigation ( with a river water , 5, and 10 ds.m-1) . The plant types were significantly different in dry weights , leaf area and chlorophyll in response to the present and absent of AM inoculation as well as to salt stress . The activity of enzymes i.e ( SOD , CAT , POD ) markedly increase with the level of ( 5 ds.m-1) salinity . However , The activity of CAT and POD decreased at 10 ds.m-1 in inoculated and non –noculated plants . The SOD has opposite behavior compared with CAT and POD enzymes and its activity significantly increased at 5 and 10 ds.m-1 . At, both genotype plants the enzymatic defense system have been inducation at mycorrhizal plant compared with non mycorrhizal plant . The finding of current experiment revealed that the SOD enzyme was the first line of defense system which increased the tolerance of both genotype to salinity .The association of AM with both genotype roots system scavining the ROS formation and enhunsed the antioxident in enzyme in mycorrhizal plant .


Article
Acomparative Anatomical Study of The Genera Clinopodium L., Hymenocrater Fish.& Mey.and Melissa L. (Lamiaceae) in Kurdistan Region of Iraq
دراسه تشريحيه مقارنه .Clinopodium L., Hymenocrater Fish.& Mey.and Melissa L العائده للعائله الشفويه (Lamiaceae) للاجناس في اقليم كوردستان العراق

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الخلاصة

Nine taxa of Lamiaceae family including three of the genus Clinopodium (C. vulgare subsp. vulgareL., C. vulgare subsp. arundanum Boiss. ,C. umbrosum (M. B.) C. Koch. and C. congstum Boiss. & Hausskn ex. Boiss., two of Hymenocrater Fish. & Mey. (H,longiflorusBenth. and H. bituminosus Fish & C. A. Mey ) and Melissa officinalis subsp.fficinalis L. , M. officinalis subsp. altissima (SM.) and M. officinalis subsp. inodora (Bornm.)were studied the anatomy of stem, leaf, including petiole and trichomes for all taxa were investigated. Anatomy of stem showed valuable characteristics in the distribution of angular collenchyma, vascular bundles and the thickness of cuticle. Variations were recorded among petiole cross section, vascular strands, in their shapes and number. The anatomical study in cross sections of blade leaves showed that the epidermis were uniserate, plane and consist of one row with shapes of tetra-angled, rectangle, ovate and irregular or polygonal. The mesophyll layers were distinguished in two layers in all studied genera. Detailed study was made for trichomes glandular and non-glandular hairs which showed variation in their types, position, dimension and basal cell number. These variations were important in classification of each species for the studied genera... This study was done for the first time on these taxa in Iraq.


Article
Study the Efficiency of Some Types of Bacteria on Producing of Biofuels
دراسة كفاءة بعض انواع البكتريا على انتاج الوقود الحيوي

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الخلاصة

The study included isolative and diagnose of some types of anaerobic and aerobic bacteria capable of decomposing and fermentation of cellulose. Isolation and diagnose the bacteria Clostridium phytofermentous from 10 agricultural soil samples, was 50 percent of the total 50 colony, the isolation of bacteria Eschrichia coli from 15 waste water samples which represented 40% of the total 75 colony and isolated the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa from 15 normal soil samples, and was 53% of the total 75 colony. The ability of studied bacteria on the production of cellulose decomposing enzymes was evaluated using absorbance method. Higher activity obtained via Clostridium phytofermentous bacteria with maximum value of 2.52 IU / mL, while Pseudomonas aeruginosa gives 2.21 IU / mL and Eschrichia coli unit gives 2.09 IU / mL. The results show the effect of some environmental conditions on the effectiveness of the production of the enzyme cellulose. Optimum temperature range was 35-40 0C and pH ranges of 7-9. The concentration of ethyl Alcohol was measured using Titration method. Maximum concentration of alcohol produced by bacteria Eschrichia coli, which reached 8.28 g/liter, while the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa reached 7.86 g/liter, and Clostridium phytofermentous reached 6.62 g/L.


Article
First Record of One Genus Amphicerus (Le Conte) and Species bimaculatus (Olivier) (Coleoptera :Bostrichidae) in Iraq
تسجيل اول لكل من الجنس Amphicerus Le Conte والنوع (bimaculatus Olivier (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae في العراق

المؤلفون: George Simon جورج سيمون
الصفحات: 44-47
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الخلاصة

The results of this study report Amphicerus bimaculatus as a new record for Iraqi fauna. In fact both the genus and species of this beetle are reported for the first time in Iraq. Diagnostic characters and some other informations are given for both.

الكلمات الدلالية

Amphicerus --- bimaculatus --- first record --- bimaculatus --- Amphicerus --- تسجيل لأول مرة


Article
Uses of Acidic Polymer Support Crosslink " Dowex SO3H.NO2 " in Preparation of " Benzoic Acid Azo acetophenone " dye as Acidic Catalyst
استعمال البوليمر الساند الحامضي المتشابك Dowex SO3H.NO2 في تحضير صبغة (Benzoic Acid Azo Acetophenone) بوصفه عاملاً مساعداً حامضياً

المؤلفون: Ammad .M.Osaj عماد محمد عوسج
الصفحات: 45-53
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الخلاصة

Uses of acidic polymer support crosslink " Dowex SO3H.NO2 " in preparation of derivative azo dye from " p- amino acetophenone " by prepare Diazonium salt for second amine then happen of coupling processer with salicylic acid to give salicylic acid azo acetophenone . polymer support is worked as acidic catalyst to give H+ and from sod.nitrate give nitrose acid and this last acid was converted sec.amine group to diazonium salt N2+ as strong electrophil to coupling reaction happiness and formation of azo group was carried of correct dye .


Article
Pathogenicity Study of a Number of Gram- Negative Bacilli Isolated from Clinical Samples
دراسة امراضية بعض البكتريا العصوية السالبة لصبغة كرام المعزولة من بعض الحالات السريرية

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الخلاصة

Fifty isolates from different clinical samples (urine and wounds) were collected from Al-Nu'man General Hospital in Baghdad city. Sampling activates were carried out from 23April to 23June 2014. The age of patient range between 40- 70 years . The Gram-negative isolates were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility, β-lactamase production (86%), biofilm formation (84%), hemolysin production (48%).The resalt appered that Escherichia coli (54%) was the most common followed by Proteus vulgaris (18%), Enterobacter aerogenes (8%), Proteus mirabilis (6%), Enterobacter cloacae (4%), Acinetobacter baumannii (4%) and (2%) for each Klebsiella oxytoca, Enterobacter gergaviae and Pseudomonas mendocina. Gram negative isolates were observed resistance (100%) for Ampicillin, Carbenicillin, Cefalothine, Cefotaxim and Meropenem. Most isolated bicteria showed less resistance to Amoxicillin / clavulanic acid and Ceftazidime, also they showed sensitivity to Imipenem. Plasmid profile analysis, Proteus vulgaris isolates showed one large plasmid only.


Article
Isolation and Identification of Some Terrestrial Invertebrate's Bacteria from Baghdad, Al-Jadriya
عزل وتشخيص البكتريا من بعض اللافقريات الارضية من منطقة الجادرية بغداد

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to isolate and culture the bacteria from surfaces of some terrestrial healthy invertebrates from Al-Jadriya, Baghdad. Four major phyla of terrestrial invertebrates were obtained, Arthropoda genus Porcellio sp. and Julus sp., Mollusca genus Monacha cantiana, Nematoda, genus Seinura sp. and Annelida genus Pristina sp., the bacteria were characterized by using selective culture media and biochemical tests. The surface associated bacteria strains were identified as Alteromonas putrefaciens , Bacillus pumillus , Citrobacter freundi , Actinomyces sp. , Bacillus azotoformans , Serratia marcescens , Yersinia sp. , Proteus vulgaris , Pasteurella pneumotropica , Edwardsiella tarda , Enterobacter aerogene and Micrococcus sp. , The biological activities of the isolated microorganisms were checked against some of the important pathogenic bacteria like Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by Agar well diffusion assay. We found that Porcellio sp., Julus sp. and M. cantiana which refer to (Arthropods and Mollusca) have higher biological activity isolated from their surface than other bacterial invertebrates compared with other isolates which were refer to, Alteromonas putrefaciens , Bacillus azotoformans and Pasteurella pneumotropica respectively.


Article
Synthesis, Characterization of New Tridentate Schiff base Type (NOO) Derived From 4-aminoantipyrine and Glyoxylic Acid and it's Complexes with Some Metal Ions and Evaluation of their Antibacterial Activity
تحضير، تشخيص قاعدة شف جديدة ثلاثية السن نوع (NOO) مشتقة من 4-امينوانتي بايرين وحامض كلايوكسيلك ومعقداتها مع بعض الايونات الفلزية وتقدير فعاليتها المضادة للبكتيريا

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الخلاصة

The new tridentate schiff base type (NOO) namely ((1,5-Diemthyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylimino) (HL) was prepared from condensation of 4-AAP and glyoxylic acid in ethanol as a solvent in presence of a few drops of 48% HBr as catalyst. The new schiff base ligand (HL) was reacted with some metal ions in ethanol to give a series of new metal complexes of two molecular formula: [VO(HL)2(SO4)].3H2O and [M(L)2].XH2O, (Where: MII=(Mn, X=3); (Co, X=2); (Ni, X=3); (Cu, X=2); (Zn, X=2); (Cd, X=2); (Hg, X=3); HL=C13H13N3O3, L= C13H12N3O3. All prepared compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods (FT-IR, U.V-Vis, 1H-, 13C-NMR atomic absorption), elemental microanalysis C.H.N., magnetic susceptibility, molar conductivity along with melting point. From the data of all technique, the suggested geometrical structure for all prepared complexes were octahedral geometry. The new schiff base ligand (HL) and it's metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity against bacteria, staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus, Escherichia coli and pseudomonas aureus.


Article
On A Class of Analytic Univalent Function Defined By Ruscheweyh Derivative
على اصناف الدوال التحليلية أحادي التكافؤ معرفة بواسطة المشتقة الرشويه

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الخلاصة

Making use the Ruscheweyh derivative operator, we introduce and study a certain AHn(δ,α,λ) of univalent analytic function with negative coefficient .In this paper, we obtain coefficient estimates, distortion theorem, radii of starlikness, convexity and modified Hadamard product of functions belonging to the class AHn(δ,α,n) .


Article
Topography of Tel Al-Nasr and its Archaeological Importance Using Geographic Information Systems
طبوغرافية موقع تل النسر وأهميتها الاثارية باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The main bed rock units of studied area comprises: Sandstone, siltstone claystone, Limestone, dolostone, dolomitic limestone and marl. While the main topographic features are: hill, plateau, valleys and depression. The isolated hill named; Tel Al-Nasr elevated more than 25 meters over surrounded areas. The main important plateau is Mulussa, which composed of Limestone and dolostone, overlined by Tel Al-Nasr Archaeological Site. Wide Mulussa plateaus dissected by large and deep valleys such as Wadi Hauran, Wadi Ajrumiyat, Wadi Dwekhla, Sahib Al-Agarri, Wadi Njeli, and Wadi Mulussa. The main and important depression in the area is the Ga′ara Depression, about 70 km long and 35 km wide, which far about 10 km from Tel Al- Nasr. This hill got its archaeological importance due to its elevation on a wide plateau, its location between many archaeological sites and on the trade road between Euphrates River and Arabian Peninsula as well as inhabited by ancient human for different time periods. A Visibility analysis was performed with ERDAS Imagine Ver. 9.2, using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) produced from SRTM. Frequently archaeologists are concerned with whether one site is visible from another site.


Article
Detection of Gramicidin (S) Producing Bacteria Using Immunological Technique
الكشف عن البكتريا المنتجة للكرامسيدين باستخدام التقنيات المناعية

المؤلفون: Fouad Hussein Kamel فؤاد حسين كامل
الصفحات: 110-115
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الخلاصة

A serological kit was prepared for the first time to detect bacteria that produce Gramicidin (S). Since, an immunocomplex of antibiotic Gramicidin (S) was prepared followed by immunonization of laboratory animals to obtain specific antibodies in their serum. Serial dilutions of the prepared antibodies were tested directly against samples of bacteria and compared with control samples, which include bacteria that produce Gramicidin (S) (as a positive control) and the bacteria that does not produce Gramicidin (S) (as a negative control) depending slide method (directly within few minutes) after the incubation of bacteria in a suitable media for 3 - 4 hours at 37°C. The prepared kites were evaluated in reference Laboratories and they proved to be highly sensitive (100%), specific (100%), more economic and reliable procedure, in addition to its stability for more than one year.


Article
Diabetic Mellitus as Risk Factor Cardiovascular Disease in Province of Diyala
اصابة مرضى السكري بأمراض القلب والأوعية الدموية

المؤلفون: Lamiaa Saoud Abbod لمياء سعود عبود
الصفحات: 116-123
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الخلاصة

The main objective of the study to study the rate of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with diabetes in the province of Diyala rate.Was conducted this study in Baquba Teaching Hospital, where the study included a group patients suffering from diabetes mellitus( D.M) during the period from the 15th of November 2013 until of 23th February 2014 which included (100) patients (58) females and( 42) males and they were between the ages of (30-75 years). Interview was conducted face-to-face to fill the questionnaire forme. The study showed a lack of significant differences between males and females, and the presence of significant difference between patients with diabetes mellitus and the rate of atherosclerosis percentage (40%) P-value =. 000. The study showed that the incidence of stroke and heart attack were repeating (87%) of the disease which is the highest percentage of infection in age ranging between (70-80) P - value = .000. It was clear from our study, current that atherosclerosis was injury highest in males than in females and repeat (88.9%) and the highest rate of injury in females were angina disease percentage (38.2%) and the study recorded a significant more difference between sex and the type of cardiovascular disease .


Article
Evaluation of Alpha- fetoprotein as a Marker for Toxoplasmosis
تقييم بروتين الفا الجنيني كمؤشر على داء المقوسات لدى النساء العراقيات المجهضات

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الخلاصة

Toxoplasmosis is one of the causative agents in women abortion and congenital deformity outcomes. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a glycoprotein elevated in some carcinoma cases. The obejective of this study was to evaluate AFP as a marker for toxoplasmosis and screening test for a subsequence development of abnormalities. Ninty six blood samples from 15-46 yeas old aborted Iraqi women with Toxoplasmosis were collected and included in this study. The results of investigations were compared with those for 79 apparently healthy volunteers (control group) with no previous abortion. This study reveals that there is a highly significant increment in seropositivity rate of toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies (67 cases; 69.8%), and Alpha-fetoprotein (72 cases; 75%) in sera of infected aborted women in comparison to healthy controls (P= 0.032). The current results showed that there was highly significant elevation in the levels of AFP (129.23±16.76) as well as Toxoplasma gondii-specific IgM antibodies (1.294±0.559 Ng/ mL) in comparison with control group (10.65±5.2 and 0.43±0.2 Ng / mL for AFP and Toxoplasma gondii-specific IgM antibodies, respectively) (P=0.001 for both). Moreover, in spite of its highly significant efficiency in comparison with control group (P=0.001), application of ROC test for AFP evaluation showed that the values of the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for AFP were 75%, 73.4% and 74.23%, at an optimum concentration of 10 Ng/ mL. Regarding the Toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy values were 100%, 69%, and 83.49%, respectively at optimum concentration of 1 Ng/ mL (P= 0.001). In view of the above results, it could be concluded that α-fetoprotein may be beneficial for screening congenital abnormalities and abortion during toxoplasmosis; while anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM is considered the best and golden standard test for detection of toxoplasmosis.


Article
A Computer Simulation Study of Sputtering Yield of GaAs Target Bombarded by Argon Ions
محاكاة حاسوب لدراسة حاصل ترذيذ هدف من زرنيخ الغاليوم المقصوف بأيونات الاركون

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الخلاصة

Sputtering yield behaviour of GaAs target bombarded by Argon ions plasma is studied through the reduction of TRIM ( Transport of Ions in Matter ) simulation data . The angular dependence of normalized sputtering yield of GaAs is studied. Further the effect of increasing ion energy, the effect of increasing ion numbers , the influence of GaAs width, and the effect of changing the surface binding energy of elements composed GaAs target upon the sputter yield are studied. It was found that the entire parameters mentioned have very strong effects on the sputtering yield of GaAs.


Article
Effect of Solvent Polarity on the Quantum Yield of Acriflavine Molecule
تأثير قطبية المذيب على الكفاءة الكمية لجزيئة الاكريفلافين

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الخلاصة

The absorption and fluorescence spectra have been studied and measured for Acriflavine (AF) solution which dissolved in polar solvents as a function of concentration and solvent at excitation wavelength (λex= 414nm) . The quantum yield (Фfm ) , the Radiative fluorescence lifetime (τFM ) , rate parameter of Radiative (KFM) and non-Radiative processes (KIM) are be calculated . Where the quantum yield be found equal to (Фfm =0.84) and ( Фfm = 0.83) for Acriflavine (AF) solution dissolved in N-N-dimethyl formamide (Dmf) and dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO)at concentration (1x10-5M ) , respectively. But the quantum yield of Acriflavine (AF) in water is equal to ( Фfm = 0.81) at same concentration . This different in the values of quantum yield refers to the effect of polarity and to the intermolecular charge transfer phenomena (ICT) between the amine group and the aromatic ring , since when the polarity of solvent increasing leads to decreasing in the intensity of the fluorescence spectra , also a shift of fluorescence spectrum occurs towards the longer wavelength (redshift) , and this lead to decrease the quantum yield value . The quantum yield measurement was calculated relative to standard compound of Rhodamine B with quantum efficiency (qFM = 0.97) at same excitation wavelength (λex= 414nm) . The all furthermore measurements are be performed at room temperature .

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