Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Contact info

Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2016 volume:1 issue:216

Article
Commitment in the poems of Al-Taff battle in the holly Karbala'a. Al-Kumait Al-Asadi, obaid Allah bin Al hurr Al Ja'afi and Dua'able Al-Khuzaie as sample.
الالتزام في نصوص واقعة الطف في كربلاء المقدسة الكميت الأسديّ، عبيد الله بن الحر الجعفيّ، دعبل الخزاعيّ أنموذجًا شعريًا

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Abstract

COMMITMENT IS AMODERN CONCEPT WHICH THE Analy studies have known and they discovered from commitment the level of the poets faith principles which they have believed as defensing and sacrificing. The Battle of Honour in karbala which was known as (Al-Taf) represented a great scream and revolution against a cruel ruler (yazid bin Muaeua) and this revolution was the brilliant light which the revolutioners followed it as an example. The revolution of (AL- Hussain) and his followers was eternal against the cruelity in every region, and it's poets commited by it's cultural line which they believed and this affected by the personality of the grand son of the prophet (Peace and praying be upon him) They were AL-Qumeit bin Zaid AL-Asadi, Duaable bin ali al-khuzai and others as a sample to the commitment which had shown in the structures and images of their poems and by contrast the another had represented out of commitment and been ashamed.

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Article
Parallel Narratives and the Question of Novelness in John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress: A Reading of its Genre
السرود الموازية وسؤال الرواية في رحلة الحاج لجون بنيان: قراءة اجناسية

Authors: Instr. Amer Rasool Mahdi / Ph.D.
Pages: 1-12
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Abstract

The present study attempts to probe into a genre reading of John Bunyan's The Pilgrim Progress as this is deemed as one of the founding texts in English letters. It thus tries to have Bunyan's work re-contextualised within the historical and formal debate of the rise of the novel and the very idea of Novelness. Within the framework and practice of novelness, it is proposed here that formal (generic) self-consciousness is pre-structured within the allegorical renditions of the human condition; these renditions are more likely to be seen as gearing toward being part of the pre- or parallel-history of the novel vis-à-vis the debatable norms of formal realism. Keywords: parallel narratives, inclusionism, novelness, meta-allegory.

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Article
The Racial Discrimination from Romantic Perspective: A Postcolonial Study of Langston Hughes's Selected Poems.
التمييز العرقي دراسة في ما وراء المستعمرات لقصائد مختارة للانكستن هيوز

Authors: WALEED SHIHAN MUSLIH
Pages: 13-24
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Abstract

.Postcolonial literary theory critically studies the cultural, societal and historical analysis and modes of discourse of the people of the colonies in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Third World. Moreover, postcolonial studies deal with forms of imperialism particularly the domination of some nations and people by other nations. Thus,"this rethinking of empire has brought the United States into focus as an object of postcolonial [studies]both as a contemporary empire and as itself a postcolonial nation"(Abrams,1960:307,8).African-American studies, however, fit together well with postcolonial studies as it "forms a number of angels interrogates the relations between the west pretty much the rest of the world in the light of the history or Western expansion and military and economic domination"(Bertens,2001:112).On this basis, it is possible to read and analyze the African-American literary themes through a postcolonial vision. However, the prevailing theme that most African-American poems tackle in common is the theme of racial discrimination, but it is rather meticulous to say what the poems share in terms of theme instead of mode. The present study aims at examining Langston Hughes's selected poems to judge whether the modes of these poems are romantic or racial and the motive behind this. This will give a better understanding of the personal and the psychological factors that affected the life of the African-American individual in the heyday of the racial segregation.

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Article
The word (Rahman) in Maryam
لفظة (الرحمن) في سورة مريم دراسة دلالية

Pages: 15-38
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Abstract

(Rahman) Name of the names of Allah singled out by God without the other, this has the name Sharif repeated in Surah Maryam alone sixteen times, a repeat is remarkable. The research has tried to stand on the exact meaning of a single, assets and the views that have been made in, and then follow the word honest in Sura blessed and tried to stand on the mystery of Cioaha where, and appropriate between them and the previous Sura her and subsequent to it, and the secrets used in every state they are received, and the suitability of the context in which they were received .

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Article
Effect of parents-teachers conferences on the achievement of third Intermediate class
أثر مجالس الآباء والمعلمين في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثالث المتوسط

Authors: Khalid Muften Dagher
Pages: 25-36
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Abstract

The present study deals with the effect of parents- teachers conferences on the achievement of third Intermediate class . It has been noticed that some students' parents do not get involved in school activities or support school goals at home .and that will affect on the students' progress . It is very important for students' parents to go to parents-teachers conference . Going to the parents-teachers conferences provide the parents and the teachers opportunities to work together as a team in order to help students in their learning . The present study consists of five chapters ; the first chapter includes the problem , aims , limits of the study and definition of terms . Chapter two is concerned with the previous study in the field of home school relationship and parents-teachers conferences . Chapter three discusses the procedures of the research ; defining the population , sample , constructing the research instrument ( questionnaire ) , its validity and reliability , in addition to the statistical means used in analyzing the data . Chapter four deals with the presentation and discussion of the results depending on the results of the questionnaire . Chapter five involves the conclusions arrived at from analyzing and interpreting the results . It also includes suggestions deduced from these conclusions which may help the students in their studies

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Article
Design Portable Device for Irrigation System using ZigBee
تصميم أداة متنقلة لمتابعة نظام إرواء باستخدام تقنية zigBee

Authors: Mohammed Abdul Jabar Abdul Wahab
Pages: 37-50
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Abstract

The smart irrigation systems considered as one of the most new significant technologies in this century to control the watering system and help the plants to grow. This research is focused on the design of an irrigation system based on one of the wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies which is ZigBee technology. The proposed design has an autonomous soil moisture monitoring system with wireless sensor network and ZigBee interfacing for transmitting data from slave to master side. In addition to that, the purpose of monitoring system suggested in this work is to measure and display the ratio of water soil in real-time. Soil moisture sensors have been used in this proposed design for measuring changes in soil volumetric water and changes ration of water found in the soil was evaluated under outdoor environment conditions for two averages of watered soil (40% and 70%). The real-time data of watered soil has been collected for two different value of watering (40 and 70%) and data collected vary based on location of the sensor in soil and how much soil dried in that point. It is found that the water ratio (70%) is better than (40%) from the experimental results.

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Article
In the name of God the Merciful Commitment in the poetry of SayyidQutb
الالتزام في شعر سيد قطب

Pages: 39-56
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Abstract

Modern literature has evolved to a wave of literature to life, aiming literature and committed literature, which affected by the environment and raised the situation experienced by the Arab nation. As well as the influence of Western culture, affecting the movement of the evolution of the concept of literature and criticism. Therefore, the poetry was not exception, was not in front of him for keeps him from commitment, and all the factors were moving towardcommitment . Arab poets indulge in life, to translate their reality and their communities participate worries and sorrows and joys and dilemmas of the twentieth century, and the Arab human problems, and shifts his reality and his faith in the struggle. And their creations and treated her abilities in spite of their suffering. Among the poets of SayyidQutb, who gave his poetry to the rhythm of those transitions and revolutions, he rushed towards a bright future, examining for harmony with others. Stagnate for the fact that his poetry was translated into positions to achieve the goals through his production to be his commitment to the values and ideals through his poetry. The varying degrees of commitment, and may be raised in this area, the aesthetics of language, the fact that beauty alone is the spirit of literature, not what distinguishes literature from other form of knowledge but the boundary between literature and the language of scientific language is a beauty. the poet SayyidQutb through his poetry obligated to live up his ideas and objectives tagged to maintain that poetry that has not only written in his ownburning blood, until it snaps dictated by what his heart for others. The poet has made vocabulary glowing vibrant tender. We introduced us spaces lover of freedom and patriotism and the defense of the crucial issues of the people. Introduced the poet through his poetry squeezer committed his ideas to be a light to the generations. He was ordained in his poetry stand it deserves approach and analysis, being a breeding carries the tastes of the people, and to maximize the virtues and altruism for the unity of the community and dedication to work To survive to be hope for future generations and for the fulfillment of its freedom and dignity and unity

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Article
An Analytical Study of Errors made during Learning Second Language
دراسة تحليلية للأخطاء التي تحدث في أثناء تعلم اللغة

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Abstract

Error Analysis can be considered as a type of linguistic analysis that focuses on the errors learners make. It consists of a comparison between the errors made in the target language and that target language itself. Many scholars in the field of Error Analysis have emphasized the significance of second language.Corder (1967:161) ,for example, in one of his articles , says that ''they are significant in three different ways .He starts with the teacher in that they show how far towards the goal the learner has progressed. Second , they provide to the researcher evidence of how a language is acquired , what strategies the learners is employing in his learning of a language .Thirdly , they are indisputable to the learner himself because we can regard the making of errors as a device the learner uses in order to learn''. The present paper mostly illustrates fundamental background studies done in the field of Error Analysis. There is a hope that the present work helps EFL teachers and educators to become familiar with the most frequent errors made by EFL learners leading them to make more objective decisions about how to go about adapting a appropriate teaching strategies to help EFL student learn better.

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Article
Anger, wrath, and Irritation in the Glorious Quraʼn : A Semiotic Study
الغضب والغيظ والسخط في القرآن الكريم دراسة سيميائية

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Abstract

Anger is one of the Human beingʼs main irritations. Irritation can be defined as a state of total confusion where all activities of a human being come to a stop, the focus being only on irritation. Anger originally is attributed to a psychological source because it results from either external or internal influence. It is this that distinguishes irritation from confusion. Anger is one of the irritations that have been shown in the Glorious Qurʼan, for it has taken different forms or lexical items, as follows, ghadhab (anger), ghayz(rage), sakhat (condemnation). Due to the diversity of the linguistic signs that refer to anger – irritation, the present paper has been divided into an introduction and three sections. The Introduction aims at shrwing what anger – irritation is in the field of psychology, accounting for itʼs incentives and causes. It also shows that there are two types of anger: healthy ( or instructive ) anger, and destructive anger. Section one has dealt with the various types of anger in the Glorious Qurʼan. In section two we have discussed the different manifestations of rage and itʼs types in the Qurʼan. Section Three shed light on wrath and itʼs linguistic signs as they appeared in the Qurʼanie text. The conclusion offers the main findings of the study.

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Article
A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF FACE MANAGEMENT IN SELECTED ENGLISH TELEVION INTERVIEWS
تحليل تداوليّ لإدارة الوجه في مجموعة مختارة من المقابلات التلفزيونية

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Abstract

Face management is crucial during speech exchanged between the participants. When the interviewer and the interviewee start communicating and turns are transmitted between them, each tries hard to protect his/her own face from being threatened, but this social value is not always protected as it is often threatened on purpose. This paper hypothesizes that the ability to manage face by the interviewer and the interviewee is affected by activating pragmatic knowledge. It also postulates that face threatening act dominates face saving act in TV interviews. The paper is limited to the investigation of face management between the interviewer and the interviewee while they exchange turns from a pragmatic perspective focusing on British English. It is specified to the study of selected English interviews from local British Channels, and uses certain concepts depending on Leech’s politeness principles (1983), Brown and Levinson’s (1987) introduction to positive and negative face, and face threatening acts with the strategies for reducing them. The paper is of theoretical value for those who like to study face management during turn transitions between people generally, and the interviewer and the interviewee in particular while they interact socially on TV. Keywords: Face Management, FTA, TV Interview, Negative Face and Positive Face.

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Article
The grammatical Reasoning in Abi Eshak Alsatiby (Died790H) in «Almakasid Alshapiya fi sharh Alkhulasa Alkafiya»
التَّعليل النَّحويُّ عند أبي إسحاق الشَّاطبيِّ (ت790هـ) في « المقاصد الشافية في شرح الخلاصة الكافية »

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Abstract

Reasoning in the grammatical research consists with the reason in the interpretation of linguistic phenomenon , and go beyond it . It explains the reasons that lead to linguistic rule making , and organized with it in passing linguistic facts leading up to the intellectual grammar rule . There is no doubt that the scientists disagreed in the grammar reason in that some of them counts it an independent part of grammar origin , whereas others regards it as one of the measurement pillars which can not do without . It combins the measured and measured by that under which the measured rule the measured by . It is clear to say that the grammar reasoning emerged with the educational aim of learning the language of Arabs , and how to pronunce the texts and identify the grammatical functions , and describe the linguistic reality . It developed and promoted and tend to be regular oriented that aims to link the various phenomena through noticing the relation between them , and avoiding the rules . It also developed and prospered to become theoritically argumentitive that concerns with getting the phenomena and reasons logical . Besides , it aims to prove the wisdom of Arabs , and reveal the validity of their purposes and intentions in their subjects . According to its distinctive features , it passed through upgrade stage that under went to different mental trends . In this research , the researcher examined the grammar reasoning at Abu Ishaq Shattby who died in (790) in his book "Almakasid Al Shafiya fi sharh Al Khulasa Al Kafiya". From the researcher's point of view , this book increases the reasoning when inference, and it has abundant information helps to prepare a scientific research that supports the reasoning theory in the grammar class.

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Article
The University of Al-Mustansiriya College of Arts
روايـــة عنـاقيــد الغضــب للكـاتــب جــــون شتـايـنـبـــك

Authors: As a Naturalistic Novel
Pages: 96-112
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Abstract

John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath(1939) exposes the desperate conditions that surrounded the migratory farm families in America during the year of the Great Depression from the Naturalistic point of view. It combines his adoration of the land and his simple hatred of the corruption resulting from Materialism and his faith in common to overcome his hostile environment. It attempts to present the problem of the workers of the lower classes, and exposes the unusual family, conditions under which the Joads, the migratory farm family, was forced to live during these years. The progress the government intended to spread on the Oklahoma fields and ranches sheltered families a part and reduced the migrants to beggars suffering from deprivation and hunger. His California novels attack the counterfeited image of paradise that people held when they set their migration to California.

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Article
Ingenuity Technical Performance in the Seer (Akhtal)
براعة الأداء الفني في رائية الأخطل

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The research includes the three axes studied in the first –centered on the objective unity of the poem, and then moved on the study Poetic image, and the image of Women, Winery, Praise, Pride and spelling, then moved on to study music rhythm who expressed the Psychological of a Poet and the search is over conclusion.

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Article
In the name of Allah, Most gracious, Most Merciful
التكاملية في قراءة النصِّ القرآنيّ وفهمه

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Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, blessing be upon our Prophet Mohammed, his family, relatives and companion. The research aims to explicits an important side which sustains in extending the significances of the Holy Qurans language and exceeding it over its mere verbal and structural forms. The research consists of five topics: The first speaks about the horizon of extension in our glorious Arabic Language and its greatest. The second examplifying some analytic examples for the pheneweron of significance-extensity in the Holy Quran. The fifth showes a chosen groups of affecting Pheneweuons on significance-extensity extending the sewantic horizons and fumally the couclusion which contains the main results I have reached with an index of sources and referuces of the research.

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Article
The story of Adam sons (linguistic study)
قُصَّةُ ابنَي آدم (دراسةٌ لُغَويَّةٌ)

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Abstract: This research highlights on one of stories of holly Quran ( story of Adam sons ) , this story is mensioned in the Quranic verses number : 27- 31 , in Surah Almaada , this study is divided in to : dictionary of story , linguistic things , morphology things , grammatical things , Quran readings , story general meanings , lessons and moral , and finally conclusions includes the most important results that I have obtained.

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Article
words mass market in the Qur'an Alkarim- contextual study
ألفاظ السَّوْق الجماعيّ في القرآن الكريم (دراسة سياقيَّة)

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Some Koranic words may seem to be educated in terms of the meaning or significance in the converged, and careful consideration when it is clear that each word independent significance. From these words the words of the mass market, Koran said that people crammed in the form of a delegation, and in the form of factions and the body regiment and regiments, no doubt that all these words share the significance of the group, is that the Qur'an difference between them, word (delegation) show Mecca group, which will be the first to enter paradise, and the word (factions) indicate the outgoing group either to heaven or to hell and password (regiments) plural indicates all people when putting them in the land of the account, and the word (regiment) singular show large group intervention of the fire, so it did not increase in the Koran top for slander and research that either of us are looking these words denote bug selected in context. The research is divided on the front and three sections and a conclusion. First topic: the meaning of (delegation) and the reason for their choice. The second topic: the meaning (see troops) and the reason for their choice. Either third topic: the meaning (regiment) and the reason for their choice. Then sealed Find a conclusion stating the main results.

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Article
The concept of revelation Areading ln the texts of the mohammed mujtahid alshabastry
مفهوم الوحي قراءة في نصوص محمد مجتهد الشبستري

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Al – shabastry sets in his reading of the revelation from the distinction between two classifications . then first classification he speaks on the level of human reading , in the second classification hr speaks about the supernatural reading . in this classification , he employs a set of sayings which belong to western cultural products . these sayings override the problematic thesis of the tradition in dealing with the problematic of traditions from dual view to the this , and dealing with divisional view of the text , takink with the lingual or historical context , or making the text bears more than it does in actuality . these reading have been transformed from cognitive and reading problems . these reading deal with the tradition as a tradition that represent the congnitive actuality and the absolute truth . these readings have arrived to this depiction through the mechanic understanding of tradition . these reading have neglected clearly the previous knowledge of the author of the and text and does not pay any attention to the history of the text , it also does not any attention to the language away from the legendary beginning of it . the natural sequence of these reading that the prevalent start between two options . one option gives a double value to the textuality and the second is by holding on to the literal meaning . tradition becomes involved in the two options that share the unique reading of the defined thing , netlecting the other . the reason for this is that their ideological understanding . but the historical stage . to get out this crises , al – shabastry suggest amending the unique reading to the multiple reading unique . al – shabastry employ of the historical stage through the western cultural product in the tradition . thus , the shabastian strategy was based on the proguction of new saying and employment of linguistics in the dissection of the tradition and deconstruct it making the theme of revelation is the focus of his attention it tackles the inquisition of the revelation through posing the issue of the intellectual interest . the sophist . he sees the spiritual aspect in the lslamac ideology as the thematic aspect in the construction of any society . al –shabastri gives the heading in lslamic thinking . he sees in this tendency agreement with sophit experience , but in high degree the thesis al – shabastri about the revelation gives three trends . 1.on the trend first – the trend theological . 2. on the trend second – the trend philosophical . 3. On the trend theared – the trend sophistcal .

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Article
Marriage relations and cultural change in the Iraqi Society
العلاقات الزواجية والتغير الثقافيّ في المجتمع العراقي

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The marriage relations and cultural change occurring in the Iraqi society are considered basic subjects hugely attracted and concerned by the specialists in anthropological and social studies dealing with the marriage orders along with its effects on building a family and society as well . The research includes: 1- Introduction that includes abstract about the nature and tasks of the marriage relations along with its relations with the cultural change . 2- The general idea of the research lies in the problem and significance of the research in addition to the goal of the research. 3- The conceptions mentioned in the research are : (marriage , cultural change - adjustment – partner) 4- The marriage Goals. 5- The factors effecting on choosing the partner. 6- The adjustment and symmetry in the marriage life, 7- The factors leading to upset the marriage relations. 8- Recommendations and results. Key words : (cultural change - adjustment – partner)

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Article
Employ expressive and aesthetically pleasing place in the structure of the film scene
توظيف المكان تعبيرياً وجمالياً في بنية المشهد السينمائي

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Find boils down to is marked by (b employ expressive and aesthetically pleasing place in the structure of the film scene ), and its impacts on the embodiment of the film in place . Find and distributed at five chapters The first chapter discusses the methodological framework for the search , which included the research problem and is as follows : What are the requirements to employ expressive and aesthetically pleasing place in the structure of the film scene ? And the limits of research and definition of key terms,which came in the search. The second chapter, a theoretical framework and previous studies .The distribution of the theoretical framework of the three sections , the first section includes expression in cinematic art . As well as graphical form in the film Film Festival. The second section dealt with the construction of the plastic film and shot the importance of choosing the place within the artistic framework . And the third on the time and place the film in the cinema . In the third chapter , which has been allocated to research procedures , which included the research methodology , and appointed are: Troy, production in 2004. And the research community and then the fourth quarter Filmah sample analysis .The fifth chapter Vahtoy results .As well as the recommendations and proposals . It must research of this type that contains the sources support the process of scientific research.

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