Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552 265X /25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2016 volume:2 issue:218

Article
Rehabilitative School Shekhs in Palestine From the sixth to the eighth century A.H. / The twelfth to the
شيوخ المدرسة الصلاحية في بيت المقدس (من القرن السادس وحتى الثامن للهجرة/ الثاني عشر وحتى الرابع عشر للميلاد)

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This research deals with the study of the rehabilitative school Sheikhs which was foundedin (583 A.H/1187 A.C) in addition to giving a short summary about the biography of each Sheikh to clarify his scientific importance for this school. These biographies include: the Sheikh's birth, the most important schools in which they studied, their scientific categories, the relationship of some of them with the Ayobian Kings and some of the rulers of the Kingdom State in Egypt, Palestine and Al-Sham. The research ends with the most important results reached at through presenting the scientific biography of these Sheikhs.

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Article
Army's division and war methods in the age of fatemi sfate
قطاعات الجيش ووسائله الحربية في عصر الدولة الفاطمية

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Army's division and war methods in the age of fatemi sfate takun albahth min thlatht mubahith tanawalat albinyat albashariat liljaysh alfatimi، falmabhath al'awwal yatahaddath ean albinyat albashariat liljaysh alfatimi fi bilad almaghrib min qabayil barbariat، waeabid، waqabayil earabiat، 'iidh nataearraf ealaa nawat aljaysh al'uwlaa، wahum albarbr min " qubaylat katama " w " qubilatan sinihaja "، waean 'usulihim، wa'iilaa min yantasibun fadlaan ean alttaearruf ealaa aleubayd aldhyn kanuu fi dimn alttashkilat albashariat liljaysh alfatimi faminhum alrraqiq al'abyad، walrraqiq al'aswad، wafi nihayat almabhath al'awwal sanataearraf ealaa eadad min qabayil alearab alty aindawwat taht liwa' aljaysh alfatimi fi almaghrib .

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Article
Economic policy of the Imams (peace be upon them)
السياسة الاقتصادية عند أئمة أهل البيت (عليهم السلام)

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It was the Imams (peace be upon him) a great role in the Islamic economy and upgrading it, he urged that work, plowing and harvesting the fruit, and they were exercising this role on their own and they are doing so knowing the nation a great lesson in self-reliance and in earning a living and encouraged trade and urged the people on them, and stressed Zakat and the need to remove them, and five for Muhammad and Muhammad (upon him blessings and peace), and may not limit others take only was needy and therefore it is the imam to take them Here Halal him take it, and guidance to many of his accused in various parts of the Islamic state, and interest under the auspices of the poor The widows and unable to work and tunnels them from the house of Muslim money. In spite of the Imams (peace be upon them) were raped them succession only Imam Ali (peace be upon him), who retrieved them later, but if they (peace be upon them) did not donating their knowledge and their mercy and wisdom to anyone who wants advice even with the enemy, as did Imam Baqir ( peace be upon them) when they had a great role in the Arabization of money.

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Article
Ouasel village in western Anbar plateau as a model of desert villages in Iraq
قـــريــــة العــواصــل في هضبة الانبار الغربية أنموذج للقرى الصحراوية في العراق

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Ouasel village had been originated in western Anbar plateau before one century ago. It is located at 3km north of al-wafaa town. Its community combined from some Arabic tribes that applied agricultural practices as in Euphrates valley of Anbar province. Sheep grazing was motivator to be first establishment where some immigrants were stabilized there. Later, they were applying cultivation activity with determinant areas. They also worked in rock, sand and gravels quarries which distributed in western plateau per se. therefore, in general Ouasel village is considered as a model for desert villages in Iraq based on its nature of establishment, economic activity and social relationships among its population. Furthermore, the governorate strategy is clearly disable to provide population and services level in this village. Thus it could be recommended to find curing solutions to develop this desert village of Anbar.

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Article
Geographical surveys, analytical services ambient levels of some residential units in Anbar province
في محافظة الانبار المسوحات الجغرافية التحليلية لمستويات بعض الخدمات

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It came Search to provide an explanation scientifically it discusses the levels of some services within the province of Anbar, environments, and the development of appropriate indicators to determine the extent of disadvantage housing services, was distributed deprivation levels of services on parts of the province to determine the cause of variation and its implications for the development of solutions and treatments. The dependence style of the field study and the distribution of the questionnaire and the relevant departments data, as well as desktop sources, and the main findings of the research show that the rate of denial of the level of the surrounding housing services for over 50% of the pan-Anbar province, and varies in its distribution among the districts of the province and their environments, which stands Rah reasons for planning, regulatory and signatories and social. Find crowned geographic vision which can be some glitches diagnosed appropriate treatment mode.

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Article
Conetext of Artistic Dimensions in the Ornaments of Imam Ali Holy Shrine
تساوق الأبعاد الفنية في زخارف العتبة العلوية المقدسة

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The paper is aimed to study the Conetext of artistic dimensions in the ornaments of Imam Ali Holy Shrine; the study included four chapters, the first chapter about the problem statement identified by the following questioning: What are the artistic dimensions in Conetext of Imam Ali Holy Shrines? Then the significance of the study and the need for it, and the goal came to find out the Conetext of artistic dimensions in the ornaments of Imam Ali Holy Shrines, and then the study identified the substantive, temporal and spatial boundaries, as well as the definition of terms that are related to the study. The literature review Chapter 2 included the ornaments functions and its aesthetic as well as the expression in these ornaments, the Chapter concluded of some benchmarks. As for the Third Chapter, the researcher has applied a descriptive analytical method. The population was 103 models; while sampling was %20 according to appropriate research justifications. The most outstanding search results: The Muslim artist adopted on porcelain material as it has a construction function, as well as its aesthetic dimension in order to remove the sizing and search for flatness which leads eventually to abstract. Also, the most important conclusion was: The functional dimension in the ornaments of Imam Ali Holy Shrines is supported by accurate structural machine which depends on stylistic shaping of the elements and principles that achieve aesthetic or structural purpose. The researcher offered some important recommendations and proposals such as: Studying of structural design system of Islamic ornaments in the Holy Shrines.

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Article
The Effect Of scaffolding strategy and (SWOM) strategy on achievement of teaching methods and Higher Order Thinking among students of the College of Education
أثر استراتيجيتي السقالات التعليمية و (SWOM) في تحصيل مادة طرائق التدريس والتفكير عالي الرتبة لدى طلبة الثالث كلية التربية

Authors: أ.م.د. زينب حمزة راجي
Pages: 151-178
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The research aims to know The Effect Of scaffolding strategy and (SWOM) strategy on achievement of teaching methods and Higher Order Thinking among students of the Faculty of Education , the researcher used the experimental design of the two experimental groups and the control group and with post test, researcher group (b) represent the experimental group taught according the scaffolding, and Division (a) to represent the second experimental group which studied according (SWOM) strategy and Division (c ) to represent the control group taught in the traditional way, the number of students (105) students of (35) male and female students in each division. The reward research groups in the variables: age, intelligence and, Higher Order Thinking,. The researcher were verified psychometric characteristics of the instruments, and used, Analysis of variance (ANOVA ) used for data processing , the results showed the superiority of the second experimental group who has studied the according (SWOM) strategy on achievement and Higher Order Thinking among third grade students of Faculty of Education.

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Article
Psychological security and its relationship with to the University compatibility with the students of the College of Education at the University of Mustansiriya
الامن النفسيّ وعلاقته بالتوافق الجامعيّ لدى طلبة كلية التربية في الجامعة المستنصرية

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The psychological security to one of the most modern world drives where increased research that addressed the importance and influence in a lot of political and economic aspects, psychological, especially when university students who are the most important slides that have an important role in the construction of any society slice, man security is a human being capable of production and Dungeons against psychological tremors, personal understanding of university students is to assess the extent Daffiest and that is the most important security engines, as it is a key demand for compatibility, security is a human being who is capable of building successful relationships with others. Targeting current research into the psychological security measure and its relationship University compatibility among university students and prepared by (Sultan, 2002) eventually adapted to fit with the university students and which consists of (35) items of each paragraph five alternatives, also was adopted university compatibility-drafted measure (al-Janabi, 2008), which consists of (44) items each with five alternatives, as has been verified validity and reliability have been applied to a sample of 100 students and a student at the College of Education, Al-Mustansiriya University, where results showed that male safer than females and to the lack of clear differences in university compatibility between the gender.

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Article
The effectiveness of sequence of events styles by displaying ready made and instantaneous maps and timetables for the comprehension of historical concepts and the acquisition of sympathy towards them
فاعلية تتابع الأحداث بأسلوبي عرض الخرائط والجداول الزمنية المجهزة والآنية في استيعاب مفاهيم مادة التاريخ واكتساب التعاطف نحوها

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The percent paper aims at investigating the effectiveness of using the styles of displaying the sequence of historical events by ready- made and instantaneous maps and time –tables for the comprehension of historical concepts by women students in the fourth grade of secondary schools , literary section , moreover , it studies the acquisition of sympathy by students with historical events and their characters , compared with the traditional method of teaching history. The study was conducted in a secondary school for women in the second directorate of Education , karkh Baghdad . three groups of the fourth class , Literary branch , were selected 4ed randomly distributed over (a) Experimental Group One , (b) Experimental group two and (c) the control group Data analysis showed the presence of statistically significant differences in the comprehension of the population of the experiment. These differences are attributed to the use of the two styles of displaying the sequence of events , on the hand , and the traditional method on the other . The same conclusion was arrived at concerning the student's sympathy towards the historical events and characters. Results show that the differences are in favor of the students who learned by the sequence – of – events style used in the two experimental groups , as compared to the traditional method used in the control group.

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Article
Counseling Needs and Academic Ambition of University Students to those who are Living in the Dormitory and those who are not
الحاجات الارشادية والطموح الاكاديمي لدى طلبة الجامعة الساكنين وغير الساكنين في الاقسام الداخلية.

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The study aims at knowing the level of the counseling needs and the academic ambition in general according to the living variable (house, dormitory) of Kirkuk University students. To achieve the aims, two criteria are prepared. The first one is for the counseling needs while the other is for the level of ambition adopted by the two researchers. After taking the output of honesty, stability, and the distinct ability of the criterion, it is applied on the sample of the main study which is chosen in a random formula from Kirkuk University colleges, the scientific and humanity ones. Its number is 300 male and female students who are classified on (8) colleges, four of them are for each scholastic specialization (scientific and humanity). After using the statistic means (the relative weight, the T value of one sample and for two independent samples, and Person's correlation coefficient), the study reaches the following important conclusions: 1- In general, Kirkuk University students have needs in the study field more than their needs in other fields according to their responses on the counseling needs criterion, then the psychological dimension. 2- Kirkuk University students who are living in the dormitory are in need to things more than those who are living at home in the study and psychological dimensions. 3- In general, Kirkuk University students have a good academic ambition level. 4- Kirkuk University students who are living in the dormitory are more ambitious than those who are living at home. According to the conclusions above, the researchers recommend a number of recommendations and do some future studies.

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Article
Tradition phenomenon among middle school students from the viewpoint of teachers : Causes and treatments
ظاهرة التقليد لدى طلاب المرحلة المتوسطة من وجهة نظر المدرسين (الأسباب والمعالجات)

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: -The problem can be formulated the following question What are the causes of the phenomenon of tradition among middle school students? What are the processing methods from the standpoint of teachers?. And it can be summed up the importance of current research following points The increasing prevalence of tradition among the middle school students phenomenon- -The importance of attention to the students of the middle stage, and to identify the causes of the phenomenon of tradition among students. -The importance of methods of treatment of the tradition from the perspective of the phenomenon of teachers, so as to find out the processors in multiple areas Current search targeted the following:: and techniques and educational programs contribute to the reduction of the negative and mimicry among young people -In light of the search results, the researcher suggested some of the conclusions and recommendations and proposals related variables search..

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Article
Effect of strategy (SQ3R, a look, send, read, heard, see) in the collection of the first phase of student colleges of education in the foundations of education.
أثر استعمال استراتيجية (SQ3R، القي نظرة، اسأل، اقرأ، سمع، راجع) في تحصيل طلبة المرحلة الاولى لكليات التربية في مادة أسس التربية

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The current research aims to answer the following hypothesis: - Is there a difference is statistically significant at the level of (0,05) in the collection of students after use strategy (SQ3R, a look, send, read, heard, see) in the collection of the first phase of student colleges of education in the foundations of education who are studying in accordance with the strategy (SQ3R , take a look, send, read, heard, see) and students who are studying the same material in the traditional way? If he chooses researcher College of Education, Ibn Rushd for Humanities then chose the Department of History and then chose researcher Divisions (a - c) and the Division of Research consisted of choice for many and objective dimension choice scale over the equality of the two groups in achievement and after the match the search tool and Althakqmn exchange virtual designed After the presentation to a group of experts and arbitrators researcher method used to measure the re-testing? After the result of the second test data analyzed using appropriate statistical methods if the result showed • The average scores of the experimental group (2.38). • The average degrees of control (22,43.) • There is a statistically significant difference at the level (0,05) ordering the second calculated value (6,26) is greater than the second spreadsheet (2,01) critically (58) and this is evidence of the superiority of the experimental group to the control group

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Article
Self – Discrepancy and its relation with cognitive Faillures
تناقضات إدراك الذات وعلاقته بالإخفاقات المعرفية

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The crises that the society focuse is an important factor in forming the human behavior who is his values and thoughts different from the society . And the cause of this releated to the many problems that the society expose ,which make the social behavior exposes to a case of disorder , which make all common social interaction processes between the individuals expose a case of tension and disorder . Higgnis , 1985 submite a theory called (self-discrepacy) and he devided the self into three dimention : actual self , ideal self , and ought self by depending on the meaning space model for awareness , he display through it that the discrepancy between the the actual self and ideal self makes a type of problems or psychological disorders as it was when a discrepancy happens between actual self and ought self as considered atype and effect of self waves who were described as a own waves and other waves which means the view of others on important persons as (parents , review , and friends ) towards the person and his self . So the using of information and deals with it hapens by three nets correlated with each other whichare : awareness net which contain each of procednres that correlated by how to get the information and analy sing it and classifing and limiting the priority of it going to the net . And the memory net which (Broadbent) considered it a hug score for the imagination in its ability to contain the information and sending it to the third net and the applying net which works to use the results of the two prerios net as an action and responses .

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Article
The effectiveness of interactive teaching strategies Interactive teaching strategy consisted Smithereens Strategy Synectics in the acquisition of scientific concepts and development of thinking Sounding students prepare teachers Institute
فاعلية استراتيجيتي التدريس التفاعلي Interactive teaching strategy وتآلف الأشتات Strategy Synectics في اكتساب المفاهيم العلمية وتنمية التفكير السابر لطلاب معهد اعداد المعلمين

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The goal of current research to know the effectiveness of interactive teaching strategies and harmony Smithereens in the acquisition of scientific concepts and development of thinking Sounding teachers prepare students for the Institute. Find community was selected from fifth grade / branch of science and mathematics students in teacher / Karkh Morning Institute, two experimental groups , The first experimental group taught by Interactive teaching strategy and the second experimental group taught by Familiarize yourself Smithereens strategy, some of the variables that affect the experience of it had been checked and featured that two samples equal in these variables. Search has been prepared following tools: (Test the acquisition of scientific concepts; test amounted to paragraphs (60) paragraph of the type of multi-test, test thinking Sounding; test amounted to paragraphs (25) paragraph, After the application of tests and processing the results statistically revealed that there is a statistically significant difference in the acquisition of scientific concepts and thinking Sounding variable in favor of the first experimental group (interactive teaching strategy) in average test scores posttest and in the light of the results of the search it was reached a set of conclusions and recommendations.

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Article
inferiority Feeling and its relationship to the meaning of life in university students
الشعور بالنقص وعلاقته بمعنى الحياة لدى طلبة الجامعة

Pages: 365-388
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Inferiority is feeling haunt the individual in his life this feeling and correlates highly regarded low through the sense of the individual internally not psychological comfort, whether it was due to look at the individual third parties are good for himself or because he felt that the other Ninzeron him a negative view, therefore, individuals often suffer from this condition the lack of meaning in life and not knowing what they should do or what Aradoh, the individual who suffers from this condition manifests itself in a state of tension and boredom and internal void in himself always trying to escape from the daily life of the community free of meaning because of his activities that have no meaning, The current research aimed to identify the inferiority complex among university students as well. The meaning of life and the nature of the relationship between an inferiority complex and the meaning of life among college students, and require it to build tools to measure the feelings of inferiority and the meaning of life and the adoption of a unique theory of Adler, of the feeling of inferiority and the theory of Viktor Frankl of the meaning of life and the dish Almkiesan the research sample who are university students, and the results were the presence of a sense of inferiority and the meaning of life and there is a relationship between them, and there are differences between males and females in favor of females, but there are no differences between the scientific and humanitarian specialization for variable inferiority complex, as well as there are differences between males and females in favor of males, and specialization of scientific and humanitarian and in favor of scientific specialization to the variable meaning of life, and came out search a number of recommendations and proposals

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Emotional Fusion and its relationship to Psychological Security of the educational counselors
الاندماج العاطفيّ وعلاقته بالأمن النفسيّ لدى المرشدين التربويين

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The aims of the sereach Measuring the following : 1- Emotional Fusion of the educational counselors . 2 –Psychological Security of the educational counselors . 3 - Relationship of Emotional Fusion and Psychological Security of the educational counselors . To achieve the aims of the research , the reseacher did the below : Constracted a scale for Emotional Fusion and Psychological Security which consisted of (28 ) items , after finishing conditions of validity reliability and distingushing the items , The sereach limits to the educational counselors at educational directions in Baghdad governarate for the year 2015 – 2016 , the community of the sereach consists of (1863) educational counselors , (652) males and ( 1211) females , the sample is selected randomly as ( %10 ) from the orgenal community , the selected sample consists of (186) educatinal counselors as (65) males and (121) females ,the searsh depends on descriptive method ,to achieve the objectives of the sereach , the researcher has applied the 2 scales on the search sample , using the bag statistical (SPSS) the data has analyzed. the researcher comes up to the following : 1-The educational counselors have Emotional Fusion . 2 - The educational counselors have Psychological Security . 3 - There is correlation relationship between the Emotional Fusion to Psychological Security of the educational counselors . According to the results that the search has come out with some recommands and suggestions .

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Article
Social isolation among middle school students
العزلة الاجتماعية لدى طلبة المرحلة المتوسطة

Authors: م.د. شيماء عباس شمل
Pages: 413-438
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The feeling of isolation is considered a major social problem, and a painful experience that individuals are exposed to at some stage in their lives. isolation appears in all ages of the individual, and all people feel it, but to varying degrees, and in different times, but it reaches its peak in teenage years. Social isolation is a manifestation of negative behaviors in humans which has serious effects on the person's character, The current research aims to identify:- 1. Measuring social isolation among middle school students. 2. Indicating the difference in social isolation among middle school students, according to the variable of gender. The community of the current research are middle school students in the education Directorate of Al- Karkh / Third in the governorate of Baghdad for the year 2014/2015, and the research sample to extract the psychometric properties of the paragraphs of the scale was (400) students evenly distributed on the variable of gender (male, female), and the sample of final application was ( 200) students evenly distributed on the variable of gender. The researcher adopted the social isolation Scale of the researcher (Abdullah Ali Alroajvah: 2004) and it consists of (116) items the researcher reached the following results:- 1. Search Results showed that the level of social isolation within the sample was low. 2. There is no statistically significant difference between the male and female students of the middle stage in social isolation.

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The impact of the skills of metacognition in teaching handicrafts
أثر مهارات ما وراء المعرفة في تدريس مادة الأشغال اليدوية

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The current research aims detection ( after skills beyond knowledge in teaching handicrafts ) , for the purpose of verification of the aim of the research was the formulation of hypotheses Elsafreeten following cases : - 1. ( women with no statistically significant differences at the level of significance ( 0.05 ) between the average scores of the experimental group who are studying handicrafts students. 2. - (No women with differences statistically significant at the level of significance ( 0.05 ) between the average scores of the experimental group who are studying handicrafts students, according to the skills of metacognition , and average temperatures control group students who are studying the same article the usual way followed , the gifted post-test ) .aguetsrt sample of the research on teachers trained in handicrafts Division of preparation and training department of education Baghdad Directorate Alsafh third sample was selected search Qsidia , as the number of sample students reached ( 60 ) students , 30 of them in the experimental group and 30 in the group The officer ,The researcher was keen to equal the two groups in some of the variables that might have an impact on the variable ones : ( , sex, previous experience) , has selected a researcher experimental design groups Pachtbarren before me and after me. And identifies current research knowledge and skills beyond drawing burning on the skin has also been formulating behavioral objectives and numbered (32) behaviorally target. Promising Researcher test of cognitive and Mharria form and skill testing calendar has been checked virtual honesty and sincerity content after a presentation to a group of experts in the field (teaching methods of art education and the measurement and evaluation, and visual arts). After the experiment has statistical data processing using appropriate statistical methods which Altaia test t-test for two independent samples, difficulty coefficient, power discriminatory, equation Cooper equation Kiodor Rttichadson 20 results of the experiment showed the experimental group who studied painting by burning the skin on in accordance with the method of the skills outweigh metacognition a control group that studied the same material in the usual way, which led to the rejection of my thesis research.

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The mechanism of Cognition and imaginary in art painting
آلية الادراك والمتخيل في اللوحة الفنية

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process of forming an integrated vision of art begins in the formation formality symbols consistent in painting, through the formation of the events of compromise and communication between imagination and grasp technical concepts that the artist seeks it in the construction of incomplete formations sensual images perceived by the receiver system, to form the structure conceptual continuous formations sham linked to the imagination, which is owned by the artist and the artwork and the ability of the receiver to decode the painting symbols and expression of the pleasure felt by the sensations through interconnected affect the perception final form of artwork. For this, we find that the process of cognition and imagination qualities go together in the analysis and installation art painting to enjoy these mental processes in the understanding of all the details that the artist seeks delivery to the receiving process. The problem of current research in the following question was formulated - (what how under which that embodied cognition and imagition in art painting) The goal of current research is - (What are the modalities in which the cognitive process employs and the imaginary in art painting ) has included theoretical framework following detective first topic - perceptions psychology. The second topic - imaginary concept and functions. Section III - the functioning of the imagined mechanism

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Thesis Title Terms of reference of the metaphor in the Modern European painting
مرجعيات الاستعارة في الرسم الأوربيّ الحديث (دراسة تحليلية)

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The current study looks forward to understand Terms of reference of the metaphor in the Modern European painting which are represented by form and its and its indicative system which has participated in Fine Arts and the development depending on previous metaphor related to the modernization . So , accordingly , thesis has included four parts , the first chapter has included the frame of approach . To offer he problem of thesis and its importance with the objects of time and subjective one , in addition to identifying the basic idioms in thesis. Chapter Two has contained the theoretical frame which has included two main topics , the first one has dealt with employing the formative and the indicative metaphor in the Modern European painting , the second topic has concerned with studying the features and the characteristics of modernity and has meant in studying attributes of modernity between concept and meaning in modern European painting. As well as the theoretical framework indicators. And ensure that Chapter III had concerned with research procedures, which contained the research of community and the research of methodology and research of tool. Then , the researcher has analyzed (three samples) of European artists to gain access to the research results within the fourth chapter which included: 1-One important figure in modern European painting follow the kind of interpretation, through changing the offset that achieve some kind of formal and semantic employment, with the help of imagination mental process of the image. 2-The emergence of innovative forms of its predecessor without moving them directly, derived from the past and reformulate some of the characteristics of formal and semantic, of the terms of reference of knowledge, so that metaphor reference resulting from the understanding of the impact experience, on the grounds that the metaphor of creative feature technical result of a sophisticated awareness owned by the artist. The researcher has reached the conclusions of display including the following: 1- A European artist was credited with building the technical bridge the link between the world's arts, within the first foundation stages, of the characteristics of modern composition, especially in the art of drawing, through the mechanisms adopted in the construction of forms and methods of technical Manifesting in formulations of color which, with abstract features, derived from borrowed configurations that characterized feature abstraction.

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Article
Reduction in the design of logos structure of the (Iraqi sports clubs model)
الاختزال في بنية تصاميم الشعارات الأندية الرياضية العراقية للسنوات 1956- 1970أنموذجا

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Singled current study on the subject of shorthand in structure designs logos (Iraqi sports clubs model), as the current study Tdmt four chapters, was in the first chapter defines the research problem and its significance, as well as the aim of the research in the know shorthand formal in structure designs logos (Iraqi sports clubs model ), and identifies Find time limits: - slogans Iraqi sports clubs for the years (1956 - 1970), because it represented the years to include designs slogans official Iraqi sports clubs that have been elected in this period for the purpose of examining the reality of the design in the current search. And it represented the spatial limits: - the Republic of Iraq - Iraqi slogans designs sports clubs model. And later was determined that the most important terms used in this research. The second chapter is the theoretical framework season, as this chapter three sections, singled out included the first section study (shorthand formal - the entrance to a year), singled out the second section examining the problem of (designer between the concepts of shorthand and abstraction), while the third section Me study (components performed design contemporary - structural elements to create a logo). In the third chapter dealt with the researcher to research procedures, which included identifying the research community, as was the election of six samples of it to the availability of their rationale for selection as a sample for the purpose of analysis models. It adopted researcher in the process of analysis on which form of analysis has been prepared from the presence of the researcher according to the outcome of the theoretical framework of the research indicators. Chapter IV included the search results that have been reached in the current study.

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Article
AL-asmai and Zo AL-rimma Vision and critique
الأصمعي وذو الرُّمة رؤية ونقد

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Abstract

I followed in this research some aspects of linguistic creativity in the poems of important poet distinguished in his technical performance to the fabric of his poems filled with beauty and rhetorical images, because he is building his poetry nicely based on the poetic language he created in mastering made by the provisions of woven across a harmonic sentences and phrases, and is compatible compositions according syntactical system clearly demonstrated the elements of creativity and the beauty where Zo AL-rimma has the ability of imaginative and the poetical mighty to act expressions poetic language to his superior ability, has divided critics and linguists because of his poems between pros and cons. We will stand in our research on this issue to clarify the fact that the position of the distinguished poet and his ability to address the theme.

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