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Albahir journal

مجلة الباهر

ISSN: 23125721
Publisher: AL-Abbas Holy Shrine
Faculty: AL-Ameed International Center for Research and Studies
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

It is a quarterly scientific peer reviewed journal, sponsored by the Holy Al-Abbas Shrine, with two volumes a year and each cuddles two issues, deals with research and studies rendering the pure and engineering sciences, theoretical and practical, into being a field of its interest. What is to mention, a research study should be in line with the terms and conditions of the scientific research methodology and the scientific data, then the peer reviewed blind processes trigger an objective evaluation and assessment at the hand of an constellation of qualified experts with distinguished scientific history in their field of specific majors.
In time, it runs with the standards of the scientific peer reviewed journals as approved by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in the Republic of Iraq, and embraces the natural and engineering sciences to provide scholars with future opportunity, to serve the scientific research movement and to pave the way to appropriate atmosphere for researchers, scholars and those who pay much heed to such targets.

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Email: albahir@alkafeel.net

Table of content: 2015 volume:1 issue:1,2

Article
Molecular and bioinformitic analysis of ITS1 region of three Eimeria species in Kerbala and Babylon provinces, Iraq
تحليل شجرة النشوء والتطور من ثلاثة أنواع الأيمرية في محافظات كربلاء، العراق

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Abstract

Abstract Global production of chickens has trebled in the past two decades and they are now the most important source of dietary animal protein worldwidE.Chickens are subject to many infectious diseases that reduce their performance and productivity. Coccidiosis, caused by apicomplexan protozoa of the genus Eimeria, is one of the most important poultry diseases. Understanding the biology of Eimeria parasites underpins development of new drugs and vaccines needed to improve global food security. A Fifteen of DNA samples (five samples for each one of three species) of Eimeria has been sequenced and analyzed in which multiple sequence alignment online based analysis for the ITS1 (Internal Transcribed Spacer 1) region that previously amplified by polymerase chain reaction, A comparison between the sequences of bases of local isolates of Eimeria with global isolates that recorded in Gens Bank and the comparative molecular screening of the present study results revealed the Validity and accuracy of diagnosis of three Eimerian species. Phylogenetic tree analysis using the program (MEGA 6) were adopted to determine genetic tree of the species analysis to compare the three of local species with global strains of Eimeria and found the Homology sequence identity of Eimeria tenella local isolates in comparison with NCBI-Gen bank Eimeria tenella (JX853830). Using NCBI-BLAST the results showed 98% and 99%, while the Homology sequence identity of Eimeria necatrix of local isolates in comparison with NCBIGenbank Eimeria necatrix (JX853832.1) were 91% and 100 % and the Homology sequence identity of Eimeria maxima of local isolates to NCBI-Genbank Eimeria maxima (JX853828.1) was 98%.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺍﺟﻦ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﺿﻌﺎﻑ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻴﲔ, ﻭﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺍﻻﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻻﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﱪﻭﺗﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺬﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺸﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ. ﺗﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺟﻦ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺒﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﺒﺒﺔ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﺋﻴﺎﺕ Coccidiosisﺍﻻﺣﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺠﻬﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻠﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺘﺎﺟﻴﺔ، ﻣﺮﺽ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻫﻢ ﺍﻻﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺼﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺟﻦ. ﺍﻥ ﻓﻬﻢ Eimeria ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺍﱃ ﺟﻨﺲ apicomplexan protozoa ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﰐ ﻳﻌﺰﺯ ﰲ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻋﻘﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﻟﻘﺎﺣﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﺭﻩ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﱃ ﲢﺴﲔ Eimeriaﻃﻔﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻝ ﺍﻻﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺬﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ. ﺗﻢ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺴﻠﺴﻞ Eimeria ﺑﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﲬﺲ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ﻣﻦ DNAﲬﺴﻪ ﻋﴩ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﱰﻭﺟﻴﻨﻴﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﲈﺩﺍ ﻋﲆ ﺻﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﺴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻀﺨﻴﻤﺔ ﺑﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻢ ITS1 (Internal Transcribed Spacer 1)ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺠﲔ ﺍﳌﺤﺪﺩ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ Eimeriaﺍﻟﺒﻠﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﺴﲇ , ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺗﺘﺎﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﱰﻭﺟﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺰﻻﺕ ﺍﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻌﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻝ ﻭﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻠﺔ ﺍﳉﺰﻳﺌﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺻﺤﺔ ﻭﺩﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ Gene bankﻭﺍﳌﻮﺛﻘﺔ ﰲ ﺑﻨﻚ ﺍﳉﻴﻨﺎﺕ (MEGA6) ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﳊﺎﺳﻮﺏ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺏ phylogenetic tree ﲢﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭﻳﺔ Eimeriaﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻻﺕ Genetic treeﺗﻢ ﺍﻋﺘﲈﺩﻫﺎ ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﺍﺛﻴﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻨ ﻚ ﺍﳉﻴﻨﺎﺕ Eimeria tenella ﻭﺟﺪ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﺴﻼﺕ ﻟﻠﻌﺰﻻﺕ ﺍﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻞ Eimeriaﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﻟﻞ 98%، 99% ﺍﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ NCBI-BLASTE ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻝ NCBI-Gene bank Eimeria tenella (JX853830) NCBI-Gene ﺑﺎﳌﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺰﻟﺔ ﺑﻨﻚ ﺍﳉﻴﻨﺎﺕEimeria necatrixﺑﻴﻨﲈ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﺴﻼﺕ ﻟﻠﻌﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ Eimeria ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﺴﻼﺕ ﻟﻠﻌﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ 91%، 100%ﻛﺎﻧﺖ bank Eimeria necatrix (JX83832.1) .98% ﻛﺎﻧﺖ NCBI-Gene bank Eimeria maxima (JX853828.1) ﺍﱃ ﻋﺰﻟﺔ ﺑﻨﻚ ﺍﳉﻴﻨﺎﺕ maxim


Article
STUDY OF NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY SOIL SAMPLES FROM ARCHAEOLOGICAL NIPPUR (NEPHER) CITY IN QADSIYAH GOVERNORATE,IRAQ
دراسة النشاط الإشعاعي الطبيعي لنماذج من تربة مدينة نيبور (نفر) الأثرية في محافظة القادسية،العراق

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Abstract

Abstract To study the radioactivity of soil of Nippur (Nepher) archaeological city in Qadsiyah governorate, 25 locations have been selected to take samples from this city, The gamma rays spectral measurements were done for all samples by using Iodide Sodium activated by Thallium NaI (Tl), its dimension (3"×3") for the period from 5/1/2015 to 30/03/2015. The quality activity for Thorium 232Th,Uranium 238U, Potassium 40K and Uranium 235U in the studied samples is between (0.065) Bq/Kg to (1.293) Bq/Kg and average (1.058) Bq/Kg, (6.672) Bq/Kg to (11.691) Bq/Kg and average (9.703) Bq/Kg, (514.982) Bq/Kg to (701.496) Bq/Kg and average (636.54) Bq/Kg and (0.30747) Bq/Kg to (0.53876) Bq/Kg and average (0.44716) Bq/Kg respectively. The equivalent Radium is calculated and ranged between (51.865) Bq/Kg to (64.808) Bq/Kg and average (60.158) Bq/Kg, and the activity concentration index (Iγ) is founded between (0.425) Bq/Kg to (0.540) Bq/Kg and average (0.499) Bq/Kg, the internal risk coefficient is founded between (0.165) Bq/Kg to (0.201) Bq/Kg and average (0.189) Bq/Kg and external risk coefficient is calculated and its value ranged between (0.140) Bq/Kg to (0.175) Bq/Kg and average (0.163) Bq/ Kg. The values of absorbed dose in air is ranged from (27.071) nGy/h to (34.174) nGy/h and average (31.648) nGy/h, the values of effective annual internal dose is between (0.797) mSv/y to (1.006) mSv/y and average (0.926) mSv/y and the effective dose of the annual external dose is between (0.199) mSv/y to (0.251) mSv/y and average (0.233) mSv/y. The results comparison with internationally and it is found that the levels of radiation for samples studied within the permissible limits globally.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﺎﹰ ﻷﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ 25ﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ ﺍﻻﺷﻌﺎﻋﻲ ﻟﱰﺑﺔ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻧﻴﺒﻮﺭ )ﻧﻔﺮ( ﺍﻻﺛﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﳏﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺑﻌﺎﺩﻩ NaI (Tl)ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺃﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﲈﻝ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﺔ ﻛﺎﺷﻒ ﻳﻮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺩﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﺸﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﺜﺎﻟﻴﻮﻡ .30/3/2015 ﺍﱃ 5/1/2015 ( ﻟﻠﻔﱰﺓ ﻣﻦ 3"×3") ﰲ 235U ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻮﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ 40K ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺗﺎﺳﻴﻮﻡ ،238U ﺍﻟﻴﻮﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ،232Thﻭﺟﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﻳﻮﻡ (0.058) Bq/Kg ﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ (1.293±0.028) Bq/Kg ( ﺍﱃ 0.065±0.006) Bq/Kgﺍﻟﻨﲈﺫﺝ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﻭﺳﺔ ﺗﱰﺍﻭﺡ ﺑﲔ (514.982±4.425) Bq/Kg ﻭ(9.703) Bq/Kg ﻭﻣﻌﺪﻝ (11.691±0.298) Bq/Kg ﺍﱃ(0.225±6.672) Bq/Kgﻭ ﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ (0.53876) Bq/Kg ﺍﱃ (0.30747) Bq/Kg ﻭ(636.054) Bq/Kg ﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ (701.496±4.383) Bq/Kgﺍﱃ (64.808) ﺍﱃ (51.865) Bq/Kg ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ. ﻛﲈ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺩﻳﻮﻡ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﱰﺍﻭﺡ ﺑﲔ ،(0.44716) Bq/Kg (0.540) Bq/Kg ﺍﱃ (0.425) Bq/Kg ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﲔ (Iγ)ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ،(60.158) Bq/Kg ﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ Bq/Kg ﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ (0.201) Bq/Kg ﺍﱃ (0.165) Bq/Kg ﻭﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﲇ ﻳﱰﺍﻭﺡ ﺑﲔ ،(0.499) Bq/Kgﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ (0.175) Bq/ ﺍﱃ (0.140) Bq/Kg ﻛﲈ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻪ ﺗﱰﺍﻭﺡ ﺑﲔ ،(0.189) Bq/Kg (34.174) ﺍﱃ (27.071) nGy/h ﺇﻣﺎ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﳉﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﺘﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻭﺣﺖ ﻣﻦ ،(0.163) Bq/Kgﻭﺑﻤـــﻌﺪﻝ Kg (1.006) ﺍﱃ (0.797) mSv/y ﺃﻣﺎ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﳉﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﲔ ،(31.648) nGy/h ﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ nGy/h (0.251) mSv/y ﺍﱃ (0.199) mSv/y ﻭﺍﳉﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﲔ (0.926) mSv/y ﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ mSv/y .(0.233) mSv/yﻭﺑﻤﻌﺪﻝ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﳌﺤﺴﻮﺑﺔ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎ ﻭﺟﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺷﻌﺎﻉ ﻟﻠﻨﲈﺫﺝ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﻭﺳﺔ ﺗﻘﻊ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﻤﻮﺡ ﲠﺎ.


Article
Large-basis shell model calculations of odd-A 63-73Ni isotopes
ذوات العدد الكتلي الفرديNi حسابات أنموذج القشرة بنطاق بقواعد موسعه لنظائر 63-37

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Abstract

Abstract Large-scale shell model calculations for neutron-rich odd-A 63-73Ni isotopes have been performed in the lower f5/2 pg9/2-shell region. The energy levels for positive and negative parity states up to J=15/2 are calculated by using the shell model code Nushellx@msu by employing the effective interactions jun 45 and jj44b. The theoretical calculations are compared with the most recent available experimental data. Reasonable agreement is obtained between the theoretical values and the experimental data for the selected isotopes under study.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﲇ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﴩﺓ 63-73Niﺃﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺃﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﻘﴩﺓ ﺑﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﻭﺍﺳﻊ ﻟﻨﻈﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻮ￯ ﺑﺄﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ J=15/2 . ﺗﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﲈﺛﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﻟﺐ ﻭﺻﻮﻻﹰ ﺍﱃ f5/2 pg9/2 . ﺃﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺔ jj44b ﻭ jun 45 ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻼﺕ ﺍﳌﺆﺛﺮﺓ Nushellx@msuﺍﻟﻘﴩﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎﹰ. ﺗﻢ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻣﻘﺒﻮﻝ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻮ￯ ﻗﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻪ.


Article
Response of three genotypes of maize (Zea mays L.) to foliar application of manganese and boron under calcareous soil conditions.( I - On the growth cha
اﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺗﺮاﻛﻴﺐ وراﺛﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺬرة اﻟﺼﻔﺮاء ﻟﻠﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ اﻟﻮرﻗﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻨﻐﻨﻴﺰ واﻟﺒﻮرون ﺗﺤﺖ ﻇﺮوف (Zea mays L.) اﻟﺘﺮﺑﺔ اﻟﻜﻠﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺻﻔﺎت اﻟﻨﻤﻮواﻟﺤﺎﺻﻞ

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Abstract

Abstract A field experiment was applied in the field (Baghdad/Abu Ghraib) in the calcareous soil, in a silt loam soil during the autumn season of 2013. To study the effect of three combinations of spraying boron and manganese (0,25 + 25 and 50 + 50 mg. Liter-1) in the growth and yield of three genotypes of maize are (AL-Maha, Bohoth 106 and 5012). the experiment was laid in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Results showed superiority Bohoth 106 in plant height, ear length, no. row. ear-1, no. grains row-1, weight of 500 grain, grain yield and yield of dry matter (172.3 cm, 73.0 cm, 25.20 cm, 17.78 row, 43.39 bead, 85.55 g, 7.639 tons.h-1, 7.761 tons.h-1) for each of them, respectively. foliar application of Manganese and Boron mixed was affected significant on all characters, treatment 50 + 50 mg. L-1 was significant in all characters under study but they did not significant up with 25 + 25 mg. Liter-1 in plant height and number of leaves. plant-1 and the length of ear. The effect of introduction between the categories and levels of manganese, boron spray significant effect in all the qualities treatment of Class Bohoth 106 with spray level 50 + 50 mg. Liter-1 of manganese, boron blended with the highest values for each of these characters.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻧﺴﺠﺔ ﻣﺰﳚﺔ Typic Torrifluventﺍﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﲡﺮﺑﺔ ﺣﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﺮﺑﺔ ﻛﻠﺴﻴﺔ ﻣﺼﻨﻔﺔ ﺿﻤﻦ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﱰﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﰲ ﳏﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﺑﻮﻏﺮﻳﺐ. ﲠﺪﻑ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﻔﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺵ 2013ﻏﺮﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻢ ﺍﳋﺮﻳﻔﻲ ﻟﻌﺎﻡ ( ﰲ ﻧﻤﻮﻭﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻴﺐ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺮﺍﺀ ﻫﻲ -1 ﻣﻠﻐﻢ. ﻟﱰ50 + 50ﻭ0،25 + 25 ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻮﺭﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻐﻨﻴﺰ ﻫﻲ (. ﻃﺒﻘﺖ ﲡﺮﺑﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺑﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﻜﺮﺭﺍﺕ. ﺍﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ 5012 ﻭ106)ﺍﳌﻬﺎ، ﺑﺤﻮﺙ ،-1 ﰲ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ، ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻧﻮﺹ، ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻧﻮﺹ، ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ.ﻋﺮﻧﻮﺹ106ﺗﻔﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﻒ ﺑﺤﻮﺙ ﺳﻢ، 25.20 ﺳﻢ، 73.0 ﺳﻢ، 172.3 ﺣﺒﺔ، ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﳊﺒﻮﺏ ﻭﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳉﺎﻓﺔ ﻓﺄﻋﻄﻰ )500 ﻭﺯﻥ -1ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳊﺒﻮﺏ.ﺻﻒ ( ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ. ﺃﺛﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻗﻴﺔ -1 ﻃﻦ.ﻫـ7.761 ،1- ﻃﻦ.ﻫـ7.639 ﻏﻢ، 85.55 ﺣﺒﺔ، 43.39ﺻﻒ، 17.78 50ﺑﺎﳌﻨﻐﻨﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻮﺭﻭﻥ ﳐﻠﻮﻃﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺭﺷﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻳﺎ ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﻭﺳﺔ ﻭﺗﻔﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻳﺎ ﰲ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ -1 ﻣﻠﻐﻢ. ﻟﱰ25 + 25 ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﻗﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﰲ ﺣﲔ ﱂ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ-1 ﻣﻠﻐﻢ. ﻟﱰ50 + ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻻﻭﺭﺍﻕ/ﻧﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻧﻮﺹ. ﻛﲈ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺭﺵ ﺍﳌﻨﻐﻨﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻮﺭﻭﻥ ﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻐﻨﻴﺰ -1 ﻣﻠﻐﻢ. ﻟﱰ50 + 50 ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺵ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺘﻮ￯ 106ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻳﺎ ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﺫ ﺗﻔﻮﻗﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﻒ ﺑﺤﻮﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻮﺭﻭﻥ ﳐﻠﻮﻃﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﲈ ﺃﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﻟﺘﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ. ﺗﻮﴆ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﴬﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺳﻴﲈ ﺑﻌﻨﴫﻱ ﺍﳌﻨﻐﻨﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻮﺭﻭﻥ ﳌﺎ ﳍﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻱ ﰲ ﻧﻤﻮﻭﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺻﻨﻒ ﲢﺖ ﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﱰﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﺴﻴﺔ


Article
Voltammetric characterization of polystyrene grafted with acrylonitrile electrode self modification with carbon nanotube (Psgacesmcnt)
التشخيص الفولتامتري لقطب البولي ستيرين المطعم اكرلوناترال والمعدل ذاتي بالكاربون نانوتيوب

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Abstract A novel self modification of grafted polystyrene-acrylonitrile working electrode with carbon nanotubes was success for fabrication from grafting polymer via gamma irradiation and ferrous ammonium sulfate (FAS) as a catalyst. The electrochemical properties of the self modified grafted polymer with CNT (PSGACESMCNT) improved performance the working electrode at higher conducting surface was done through using in cyclic voltammetry (CV). Morphology of the surface of PSGACESMCNT was characterized by AFM and ASM. The characterization of electrocnductivity properties of PSGACESMCNT was studied in 1M of KCl with different concentration of K3 [Fe(CN)6], at different scan rates, temperature, and different concentrations using CV technique. The new PSGACESMCNT improved performance the working electrode in CV at different techniques such as rotating disc electrode (RDE). also, the nanomaterials in the chain of grafted polymer was enhanced the redox current peaks of Fe (II)/Fe (III) multi times than at commercial working electrodes such as GCE, Pt-electrode, Au-electrode…. etc.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻊ ﻗﻄﺐ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺼﻨﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﱄ ﺳﺘﲑﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻄﻌﻢ ﺍﻛﺮﻟﻮﻧﺎﺗﺮﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺪﻝ ﺑﲈﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺑﻮﻥ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺗﻴﻮﺏ ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺷﻌﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻛﱪﻳﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻣﻮﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪﻳﺔ. ﺗﻢ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﻭﻛﻴﻤﻴﺎﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﻄﺐ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻋﻄﻰ ﲢﺴﻴﻨﺎﹰ ﰲ ﺍﺩﺍﺀﻩ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺑﻮﻥ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺗﻴﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﻤﺮ ﺍﳌﻄﻌﻢ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻪ ﰲ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﻟﺘﺎﻣﱰﻱ .ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﳏﻠﻮﻝ AFM ﻭSEMﺍﳊﻠﻘﻲ. ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﻄﺐ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﲈﺩﺓ ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﻟﺘﺎﻣﱰﻱ ﺍﳊﻠﻘﻲ ﰲ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﻭﻛﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﻄﺐ. K3Fe(CN)6 K3] ﻭﺑﱰﺍﻛﻴﺰ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻝ KCl ﻣﻮﻻﺭﻱ ﻣﻦ 1 ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﰲ GPESMCNTﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ ﻝ .CV [ ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ Fe(CN)6 ﻭﻗﺪ ﻟﻮﺣﻆ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺐ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﺳﺎﻋﺪ ﰲ ﲢﺴﲔ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﻟﺘﺎﻣﱰﻱ ﺍﳊﻠﻘﻲ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﰲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻗﻄﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻟﺔ ﻓﻴﻪ. ﺍﻥ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻭﺿﺤﺖ ﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ ﳍﺎ ﺍﳘﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﻤﺮﺍﳌﻄﻌﻢ ﺑﺮﻓﻊ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ ﻟﻘﻤﺘﻲ ﳌﺮﺕ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﻗﻄﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺑﻮﻥ Fe (II)/Fe (III)ﺍﻻﻛﺴﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﺧﺘﺰﺍﻝ ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﻲ ﻭﻗﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺗﲔ ﻭﻗﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺐ.


Article
Measurement of the natural radiation of soil samples from official offices in the city of Baghdad (Al-Karkh)
قياس النشاط الإشعاعي الطبيعي لنماذج من ترب الدوائر الرسمية لمدينة بغداد (جانب الكرخ)

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Abstract Twenty – four soil samples were collected from the official offices at Al-Karkh side in the city of Baghdad to measure the effective radiation doses of these samples using a gamma – ray spectrometer, by high purity germanium detector (HPGe). The detection of radionuclide and the values of specific activity were calculated by using (GINE-2000) program. It was found that the rate of specific activity of the nuclide (214Bi or 214Pb) was equivalent to the specific activity of (238U) at (13.88±0.69) Bq/ kg, while its average value for (228Ac or 212Pb) was (15.73±0.86) Bq/kg which is equivalent to the specific activity of (232Th). The average value of specific activity of (40K) was (317.58±14.11) Bq/kg and for (137Cs) was (1.83±0.27) Bq/kg. Then the average value of the absorbed dose in air and the annual effect dose for Al-Karkh side were (29.80±1.50) nGy. h-1 and (36.54±1.84) µsv. y-1 respectively. ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﺍﺭﺑﻊ ﻭﻋﴩﻭﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﲨﻌﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺥ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻣﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ ﺍﻹﺷﻌﺎﻋﻲ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﲈﺫﺝ ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ (GINE-2000) ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ (HPGe)ﺑﺈﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻄﻴﺎﻑ ﺃﺷﻌﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﺎ - ﻛﺎﺷﻒ ﺍﳉﺮﻣﺎﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﻋﺎﱄ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻭﺓ ( ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺌﺔ 214Pb)( ﺍﻭ 214Biﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﳌﺸﻌﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﲠﺎ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺟﺪﻩ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺤﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻨﻀﲑ ) (15.73±0.86) ( ﻛﺎﻥ 212Pb) ( ﺍﻭ 228Ac)ﺑﻴﻨﲈ ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﻠـ (13.88±0.69) Bq/kg,( ﻋﻨﺪ 238Uﳌﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠـ) (137Cs ﻭﻟﻠـ )(317.58±14.11) Bq/kg ( ﻛﺎﻥ40K( ﻭﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠـ)232Thﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑـ)Bq/kg ﻭﺇﻥ ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﺘﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ ﻭﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﳉﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﳉﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ (1.83±0.27) Bq/kgﻫﻮ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ. (36.54±1.84) µsv. y-1ﻭ(29.80±1.50) nGy. h-1


Article
Physical and mechanical behaviors of waste paper reinforced mortar
الخواص الفيزيائية والميكانيكية لمونة السمنت المحتوية على مخلفات الورق

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Abstract This study investigated the use of waste papers as fiber reinforced mortar. The fibers have been collected from office paper shredders. Investigation was carried out on cement mortar samples. Different percentages of fibers i. e., 0. 5%, 1. 0%, 1. 5%, 2. 0%, 2. 5% and 3% by weight with the addition of super plasticizer by 2% of the weight of cement and compare the results with control mix. Mechanical properties such as compressive strength, flexure, density and water absorption were measured. The results indicated that the addition of waste paper decreases the compressive and flexural strength, increases water absorption and reduces the density so it could be considered as structurally lightweight concrete mortars. The results revealed that the addition of waste paper fibers reduces defragment of mortar and the samples with fibers keep their original shape after failure and the crack are very thin compared to control mix. Moreover they could sustain loads up to 93% of the failure load if they are subjected to preloading condition.ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺗﻢ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﳐﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﻛﺄﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﰲ ﻣﻮﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺖ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻢ ﲨﻊ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺭﺿﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﺗﺐ. ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﲤﺖ ﻋﲆ ﻧﲈﺫﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺖ. ﺗﻢ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﺑﻨﺴﺐ ﻣﻦ 2% ﻭﺯﻧﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﻖ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ (0. 5% ، 1. 0%،1. 5%،2. 0%،2. 5%،3. 0%)ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﺖ ﻭﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳋﻠﻄﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ. ﺗﻢ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺰﻳﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻧﲈﺫﺝ ﺍﳌﻮﻧﺔ ﻛﻤﻘﺎﻭﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﻀﻐﺎﻁ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﴪ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ. ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﳐﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﺍﱃ ﺍﳋﻠﻄﺔ ﻗﻠﻠﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﻀﻐﺎﻁ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﴪ ﻭﺯﺍﺩﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﻗﻠﻠﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﻟﺬﺍ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺧﺮﺳﺎﻧﺔ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﻥ. ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﺛﺒﺘﺖ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﳐﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﻗﻠﻠﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺸﴤ ﻧﲈﺫﺝ ﺍﳌﻮﻧﺔ ﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﲈﺫﺝ ﺍﳌﺤﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﲆ ﳐﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﲢﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﲆ ﺷﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﺻﲇ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳋﻠﻄﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﻮﻕ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﺔ ﺟﺪﺍ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﴪ، ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﲪﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ.


Article
Influence of some additives on flammability and mechanical properties of modified polyester containing heterocyclic ring composites
دراسة تأثير أستخدام بعض المضافات اللاعضوية على تثبيط اللهوبية والخواص الميكانيكية لمتراكب البولي أستر غير المشبع المحور الحاوي على حلقة غير متجانسة

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Abstract In this work, the effect of five types of inorganic phosphors salts on flammability and mechanical properties (Flexural and Tensile) strength, of partially cross linked modified unsaturated polyester resin, were studied. Sheets of composites with different weight percentage of additives were prepared. Four standard test methods were used to measured the flame retardation and mechanical properties, which are: ASTM: D-2863, ASTM: D-635, ASTM: D-790 and ASTM: D-638. Results obtained from these tests indicated that, additive V has high efficiency as a flame retardant, self - extinguishing (S.E.) was occur at the percentage 1.5% and non - burning (N.B.) was occur at the percentage 2.5% for resin and showed high effect to reduce the values of the mechanical behaviors, but additive I has low effect on retard composition and low effect on the values of mechanical properties. ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ، ﺗﻢ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﲬﺴﺔ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﻔﺴﻔﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻼﻋﻀﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ )ﻗﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﺪ ﻭﻗﻮﺓ ﺍﻻﻧﺤﻨﺎﺀ( ﻟﺮﺍﺗﻨﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﱄ ﺍﺳﱰ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺸﺒﻊ ﺍﳌﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﺘﺸﺎﺑﻚ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﱰﺍﻛﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﻴﺔ، ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﻢ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﻧﻮﻋﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﻴﺔ )ﺣﺼﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻷﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﺍﳌﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﻭﺣﺼﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻷﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻛﺔ( ﻋﲆ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ (2.5% ﻭ2.0 ,1.5 ,1.0 ,0.5)ﺍﳌﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﱰﺍﻛﺐ. ﺗﻢ ﲢﻀﲑ ﺃﻟﻮﺍﺡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺗﻨﺞ ﺍﳌﺤﴬ ﺍﳌﱰﺍﻛﺐ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻧﺴﺐ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ ( ﻣﻠﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﻴﺔ. ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ 5×150×15)ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻭﺑﺈﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺖ ﳊﺴﺎﺏ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ: ASTM: D-2863, ASTM: D-635, ASTM: D-790ﻭ ASTM: D-638. ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ، ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍﹰ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺎﹰ ﻋﲆ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻮﺑﻴﺔ V ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺤﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺸﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻀﺎﻑ ﻟﻠﺮﺍﺗﻨﺞ ﺍﳌﱰﺍﻛﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻑ 2.5% ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺃﺷﺘﻌﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ 1.5% ( ﻋﻨﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ S.E) ﺇﻃﻔﺎﺀ ﺫﺍﰐ ﻟﻜﻦ ، ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍﹰ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺎﹰ ﰲ ﺧﻔﺾ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ ، ﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺣﺼﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻛﺔ . ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍﹰ ﻭﺍﻃﺌﺎﹰ ﻋﲆ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴ


Article
Iterated bivariate rayleigh distribution
توزيع رالي الثنائي المكرر

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Abstract

Abstract The Rayleigh distribution is one of the lifetime distributions and a special case from Weibull distribution. It has widely used in many fields in real life, finance, signal processing, and communications. Copulas are functions that join their one-dimensional marginal distribution functions which are uniform on the interval (0,1). The copula is an important tool for constructing families of bivariate distributions and it is measure of dependence between two variables since it allows us to separate the effect of dependence from the effects of the marginal distributions. In this paper, we derive iterated bivariate Rayleigh distribution using the concept of copula with discussion of some properties, like the cdf, pdf, conditional pdf's, conditional expectation, covariance and correlation coefficient.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺭﺍﱄ ﻫﻮ ﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭﻳﺒﻞ ﻭﻟﻪ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﰲ ﳎﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ، ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ، ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ. ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺕ ﻫﻲ ﺩﻭﺍﻝ ﲡﻤﻊ ﺩﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ . ﻓﺎﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻮﺍﺋﻞ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺯﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻘﺒﺎﺱ (1,0)ﻣﺘﻐﲑﺍﺕ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻧﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻔﱰﺓ ﻟﻸﻋﺘﲈﺩﻳﺔ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺘﻐﲑﻳﻦ ﻷﳖﺎ ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﻷﻋﺘﲈﺩﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺔ. ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺗﻢ ﺍﺷﺘﺘﻘﺎﻕ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺭﺍﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﳌﻜﺮﺭ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺕ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ، ﻋﲆ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ، ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻷﺣﺘﲈﻟﻴﺔ، ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﴩﻃﻴﺔ، ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﴩﻃﻲ، ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﱰﻙ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ.


Article
Study of the optical properties R6G doped polymer PVA for different thicknesses
دراسة الخواص البصرية للرودامين المطعم بوليمر بولي فنايل الكحول لمختلف الاسماك

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Abstract

Abstract This paper is aimed to study linear and nonlinear optical properties of polymer doped with laser dye R6G in solvent methanol of different thickness (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 29 µm) in concentration (1x10-6 mole/liter). To study non-linear optical properties as refractive index (and absorption coefficient (β) by using Z-Scan technique in two parts, one part put aperture in front of the detector (close aperture) to find the non-linear refractive index, in second part remove the aperture (open aperture) to find non-linear absorption coefficient, and using two wavelength 532, 1064 nm.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﳞﺪﻑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﱃ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺒﴫﻳﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﺧﻄﻴﺔ ﻟﺼﺒﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺩﺍﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺰﺭﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻴﺜﺎﻧﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﻝ/ﻟﱰ. ﻭﺗﻢ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ 1×10-6 ﻣﺎﻳﻜﺮﻭﻣﱰ( ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 29ﳌﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻻﺳﲈﻙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﻐﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﻤﺮ ) ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺒﴫﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﺧﻄﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﻜﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻼﺧﻄﻲ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻼﺧﻄﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﲈﻝ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﺢ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﰲ ﺟﺰﺀﻳﻦ، ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻻﻭﻝ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻓﺘﺤﻪ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺷﻒ )ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﻐﻠﻘﺔ( ﻻﳚﺎﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﻜﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻼﺧﻄﻲ، ﻭﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﲏ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ )ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ( ﻻﳚﺎﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻼﺧﻄﻲ، ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻃﻮﻟﲔ ﻣﻮﺟﻴﲔ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﱰ


Article
Spectroscopic properties of different concentration xanthene›s dye mixture (6G, 3GO, B and C) solution in chloroform
الخواص الطيفية لتراكيز مختلفة لمحلول مزيج صبغات الزانثين ((C,B,3GO, 6G في الكلوروفورم

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Abstract In this research the absorption and fluorescence spectrum in the range (400-700) nm for (Rhodamine 6G, Rhodamine 3GO, Rhodamine B and Rhodamine C) mixture which belong to Xanthene family were studied in the ratio (1:1:1:1), it has dissolved in chloroform to prepare different concentration (5*10-6, 1*10-5, 3*10-5, 5*10-5, 7*10-5, and 1*10-4) mole/L at room temperature. We notice that the absorption intensity, bandwidth of absorption spectrum and stock shift are increased with increasing concentration, and this agree with Beer-Lambert law. The quantum efficiency of the dissolved Rhodamine mixture in chloroform has been calculated by using the same above concentration and their results are as follows (70%, 71%, 94%, 76%, 68% and 58%) respectively. The radiative life time have been computed as given (0. 08, 0. 18, 0. 65, 0. 99, 1. 25, and 1. 44) nanosecond respectively. Fluorescent life time have been also computed as given (0. 05, 0. 12, 0. 61, 0. 75, 0. 86 and 0. 84) nanosecond respectively. ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﱰ ﳌﺰﻳﺞ ﻣﻦ )ﺭﻭﺩﺍﻣﲔ (400 – 700)ﺗﻢ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻃﻴﻒ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻠﻮﺭﺓ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﳌﺪ￯ (، ﺣﻴﺚ ﲤﺖ ﺇﺫﺍﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ 1:1:1:1)( ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻧﺜﲔ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ C، ﺭﻭﺩﺍﻣﲔ B، ﺭﻭﺩﺍﻣﲔ 3GO، ﺭﻭﺩﺍﻣﲔ 6G ( ﻣﻮﻝﻟﱰ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ 5*10-6 ،1*10-5 ،3*10-5 ،5*10-5 ،7*10-5 -01*1، ﻭ4)ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﺭﻭﻓﻮﺭﻡ ﻟﺘﺤﻀﲑ ﳏﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻓﺔ. ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﺣﺰﻣﺔ ﻃﻴﻒ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ، ﻭﺣﻴﻮﺩ ﺍﳊﺰﻣﺔ ﺗﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻊ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﲑ-ﻻﻣﱪﺕ. ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻴﺔ ﳌﺰﻳﺞ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺩﺍﻣﲔ ﺍﳌﺬﺍﺏ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﺭﻭﻓﻮﺭﻡ ﺗﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﲈﻝ ( ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ. ﺗﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ 70%, 71%, 94%, 76%, 68%, 58%)ﺍﻟﱰﺍﻛﻴﺰ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻛﲈ ﻳﲇ ( ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ. ﻛﲈ ﺗﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺯﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ 0. 08, 0.18, 0.65, 0.99, 1.25, 1.44)ﺍﻹﺷﻌﺎﻋﻲ ﻭﻛﲈ ﻳﲇ ( ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ


Article
Computation of inheritance share in islamic law by an expert system using decision tables
احتساب حصص الارث في قانون الشريعة الإسلامية باستخدام النظام الخبير وجداول القرارات

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Abstract The legacy system is important Islamic sciences that are interested of the legacy of the dead and all deserve have enacted laws of the Book of Allah (Quran), it is depending on the social state of the dead and the relation of heirs with the dead. An origin of huge discussion, both inside and outside the Muslim group is the Islamic law of legacy. This research deals with the use of decision Tables in distribution of an inheritance that can use by the judge or anyone that need to know how to compute the share according to Iraqi Personal Status Law. The Tables consist of the first and second relation heirs, for the purpose of simplifying these Tables were taking into consideration the organizing of these Tables. The main Table isolated into sub-Tables, which additionally branch out to other sub-Tables as legacy cases. The Tables are the knowledge base of the expert system that take the information on it and then make it as the fact in the rule base.In this research the user input the information about the dead as an answer of expert questions, according to these answers the system moves to sub-decision Table. The decision Tables contain all the information that the user need, after the questions finish and the information use as the facts of the expert system then the share of the user appear according the Holy Quran. ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﺭﺙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲥﺘﻢ ﺑﱰﻛﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﰲ ﻭﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﲈﺩ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ، ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﱰﻛﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻮﰲ ﻭﻋﲆ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺑﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﺭﺛﺔ، ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺟﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﰲ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻻﺭﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﴈ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻱ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺛﲔ ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺚ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻘﺎﻗﻪ ﰲ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻻﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻲ. ﺷﻤﻠﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﺛﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﺗﺒﺴﻴﻂ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺑﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﰲ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻫﻴﻜﻠﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺭﺋﻴﴘ ﻳﺘﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﱃ ﺟﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﺪﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﺘﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﱃ ﺟﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﱰﻛﺔ. ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻛﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﳋﺒﲑ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺤﻘﺎﺋﻖ ﺛﺎﺑﺘﻪ.


Article
Approximation of functions on unit sphere in terms of K-functional
Approximation of Functions on Unit Sphere in Terms of K-functional

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Abstract

Abstract In this paper we introduce operators defined for functions from Lp for p<1 defined on unit sphere and then we are using to prove direct inequalities in terms of K-functional. Also we are to prove some propped related to these operator.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ Lpﻗﺪﻣﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻣﺆﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻓﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻗﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻨﺘﻤﻲ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ K. ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺆﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺪﻣﻨﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﴍﺓ ﻭﻧﻈﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﺧﺮ￯ ﻣﻌﺎﻛﺴﺔ ﳍﺎ ﺑﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﱄ p<1 ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺌﺎﹰ ﳌﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻧﻌﻮﻣﺔ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﻝ.


Article
A Study of the surface diffuseness of inter-nucleus potential with quasi-elastic scattering for the 32, 3416S +208
دراسة معلمات الانتشار السطحية للجهد بين النواة مع الاستطارة شبة المرنة للتفاعلات (_16^(32,34))S +(_82^208)Pb

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Abstract Precise systematic studies on the surface diffuseness parameter of the nuclear potential for the heavyion reactions involving the systems have been achieved by using large-angle quasi-elastic scattering at deep sub-barrier energies close to the Coulomb barrier height. The single-channel (SC) and coupled-channels (CC) calculations have been carried out to elicit the diffuseness parameter of the nuclear potential. The chi square method χ2 has been used with a view to find the best fitted value of the diffuseness parameter in comparison with the experimental data. The surface diffuseness parameters have been elicited from the coupled-channels calculations with inert projectile and vibrational target are in complete agreement with the standard value which is (0.63 fm) while the single-channel calculations give to a certain extent larger values in the range from 0.64 fm to 0.65 fm.ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﺗﻢ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﺯ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻌﻠﲈﺕ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ ﻭﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﻻﻳﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻀﻤﻨﺖ ﺍﻻﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﺭﺓ ﺷﺒﺔ ﻣﺮﻧﺔ ﺑﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻃﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺣﺎﺟﺰ ﺍﳉﻬﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻋﲆ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﳊﺎﺟﺰ ﻛﻮﻟﻮﻡ. ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﺮﺩﺓ ﻭ ﺍﻻﻗﱰﺍﻥ ﺍﺧﺬﺕ ﺑﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻻﺳﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻠﲈﺕ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ. ﻭﺗﻢ ﻻﳚﺎﺩ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﳌﻌﻠﲈﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﳌﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ.χ2ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﻛﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﻠﲈﺕ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﻴﻨﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻗﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻗﱰﺍﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﺬﻳﻔﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﳍﺪﻑ ﺍﳌﻬﺘﺰ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ .0.65 fm ﺍﱃ 0.64 fm ﺑﻴﻨﲈ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﳌﻨﻔﺮﺩﺓ ﺗﻌﻄﻲ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻭﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﳌﺪ￯ ﻣﻦ

Table of content: volume:1 issue:1,2