جدول المحتويات

مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية

ISSN: 18192068
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

1. أسم المجلة : مجلة البحوث التربوية و النفسية
2. اختصاص المجلة : علوم تربوية ونفسية
3. جهة الاصدار : مركز البحوث التربوية والنفسية
4. سنة الاصدار : 1979
5. نوع الاصدار : فصلي
6. انجازات المجلة : 53 عدد
7. الجوائز الحاصلة عليها المجلة : كتب شكر عديدة
8. الاهداف الموسومة من المجلة :
- تنشيط حركة البحث العلمي في مجالات العلوم التربوية والنفسية، من خلال نشر البحوث التي تتوفر فيها شروط البحث العلمي الرصين
- نشر الوعي في القضايا التربوية والنفسية في الوسط الجامعي ومؤسسات المجتمع الاخرى .
- متابعة ما يستجد من نتاج علمي في حقول التربية وعلم النفس وطنياً وعربياً .
9. لغة النشر : عربية – انكليزية
10. نطاق التوزيع : داخل وخارج العراق
11. طريقة التحكيم العلمي (تقييم البحوث ) : ترسل الى خبير علمي متخصص .
12. مصادر التمويل: تمويل ذاتي
13. سعر النسخة : 25.000 خمسة عشر الف دينار للنسخة
14. المستلات واعدادها : مستلان لكل بحث

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معلومات الاتصال

jouranlepr@yahoo.com
موقع المجلة
http://jperc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/

009647503725675 whatsApp / viber

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2016 المجلد: العدد: 49

Article
Psychological adjustment and social relationship with the phenomenon of violence among children in pre-school stage
التوافق النفسي الاجتماعي وعلاقته بظاهرة العنف لدى أطفال مرحلة ما قبل المدرسة

المؤلفون: LaylaNajmThejel ليلى نجم ثجيل
الصفحات: 1-39
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الخلاصة

The childhood is an important stage in building the character of the individual and where children acquire the most important experiences . providing proper growth requirements of the things follows assist them in achieving a stable and together Childhood is the violence of indicators that can determine whether personal or illness social .the social circumstances experienced community Iraqi and continues through crises successive wars and explosions and the displacement and that these events may lead to changes in the social behavior of individuals and may contribute to the spread of violence in Iraqi society and observed various forms in (home, school, street, and work), so it was natural that a child the first affected by these waves of violence for many reasons related to younger age and kids love to imitate adults and observe their behavior, particularly parents so you must pay attention to the behavior of their impact on the child's personality and psychosocial compatibility within the family and society. From the above it can sum up the problem of the current search the following question:- - Is the psychological and social compatibility has to do with the phenomenon of violence among pre-school children? Through the above it can be released importance of research of the following things. -The current research (within the knowledge of researcher), which dealt with the study of violence for being cause great harm to the individual and society because of its raised serious psychological and social structure of the individual. And on the structure of the family and the community.. -it stvdis an important stage in the life of the individual .oha early childhood If we can build upon together without crises will be reflected on the internal stability and compatibility psychosocial in the next stages -The current research (within the knowledge of researcher) researcher), the first attempt, which dealt with the study of the psychological and social compatibility and its relationship to the phenomenon of violence in early childhood. The current research aimed to:- The children pre-school psycho-social compatibility scale.- Measurement of the phenomenon of violence among children, pre-school -Correlation between the phenomenon of violence and psycho-social compatibility with pre-school children In order to achieve the objectives of the research were adopted psychosocial compatibility measure, prepared by (al-Janabi in 2002) and the scale of violence, prepared by Hayali 2009) where the measvyesbeen applied on a sample of children aged 4-6 years, reaching its size (200 ) boy and girl after extracting the validity and reliability of the two. In doing data analysis through answers parameters were reached: - - that the children of pre-school malnourished in the psychological and social well for them - that children of pre-school stage suffer from the phenomenon of violence among them. - There is an inverse correlation between the negative psychological and social harmony between the phenomenon of violence among a sample search relationship The backing of these results and the researcher developed a number of recommendations and suggestions can be used by educational and community institutions.


Article
Educational values prevailing in small games for kindergarten
القيم التربوية السائدة في الألعاب الصغيرة لرياض الأطفال

المؤلفون: هناء حسين حميد
الصفحات: 40-53
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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the educational values prevailing in the small kinetic games for the children of Riyadh, and to categorize the educational values of the kinetic games small children Riyadh. The research analyzed the content of a number of small kinetic games that included studied physical education at the two pre-kindergarten and stipulated by the Platform for kindergartens, which is being applied. The content analysis was used by analysts agreement with themselves over time (21) days. The agreement between the external researcher and analyst. The researcher used the Cooper to extract equation lab agreement between the researcher and the outside analyst, has reached agreement on determining factor idea and label values (0.83). Statistical methods used by Cooper equation to find consistency and the percentage of the agreement, and analysis of variance for the purpose of knowledge value variables. The researcher found a number of results, including high values of fun and excitement and this illustrates the impact of small kinetic games for children in the contribution of fun to create characters far from depression. By displaying search results to reach to the recommendations, including cognitive emphasis on values in the small motor specialized games for children. Either of the proposals suggested by the researcher, including a pilot study on the impact small kinetic games for children in the process of providing the child with information


Article
تقويم أداء طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط في مهارات القراءة الجهرية

المؤلفون: هدى محمود شاكر --- زينة سالم محي
الصفحات: 54-83
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الخلاصة


Article
The effect of the differences in the correlation pattern of the micro blogging in the educational attainment of computer science curriculum for 12th grade students
أثر اختلاف نمط ترابط التدوينات المصغرة على التحصيل الدراسي في منهج الحاسب الآلي لدى طلاب الصف الثالث ثانوي

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الخلاصة

Abstract The object of this research is to determine the effect in the differences of the correlation pattern of the micro blogging on the educational attainment of computer science curriculum for 12th grade students. I will try to test the best suited correlation and I might use the demo curriculum as well to achieve its objectives , The research method that will be used in this research is the quantitative method where we will use a sample of 60 students divided into two groups ( correlate the micro blogging - adopted the sequence pattern of relating the micro blogging) As a result, we found out that there are quantitative differences among the two groups' median , The differences goes back to the main effect of the correlation pattern of the micro blogging ( Favorited and sequenced ) in favor to the second group tested which adopted the sequence pattern of relating the micro blogging . Therefore, the research focused on dividing the content and show the scope of the axes and the sequences of the blogging in a way that shows how it is integrated with the other sequenced blogging and suggest other subjects for further studies.


Article
the effect of Cognitive Acceleration strategy and random excitement strategy in achievement of geography material and developing the reflective thinking for students of literary fifth class
أثر إستراتيجيتي التسريع المعرفي والإثارة العشوائية في تحصيل مادة الجغرافية وتنمية التفكير التأملي لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الأدبي

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الخلاصة

Abstract The research aims to find out the effect of Cognitive Acceleration strategy and random excitement strategy in achievement of geography material and developing the reflective thinking for students of literary fifth class . the researcher depended a partial control experimental design with the three groups(the competence groups of the pre & post tests), The sample is deliberately selected from first AL-Rusafah Directorate General of Education in Baghdad. AL.fardoos Intermediate school for girls is the assigned school for the experimental work. The research sample consisted of (102) student the randomly distributed on three groups; (A)is assigned the first experimental group contained(34)student and(c) is assigned the second experimental group (33)student and(b) is assigned the control group contained(35)student . The researcher matched the three groups in many variables ; prior knowledge ,age , IQ , achievement in geography for the previous year ,reflective thinking. The teaching material is specified that contained the first three chapters of natural geography book for the fifth class of literary department for academic year (2014-2015) The researcher analysis Content material formulated behavioral objectives according to bloom classification for cognitive domain with its five levels , and in the light of the behavioral objectives and material Content . (Twenty seven) lesson plans are prepared per group from three groups .Two tests are constructed ,the first one is for Achievement including (40) test items (31)objective items of multiple choice type,(9)items of essay type ,while the second test is for reflective thinking skills including (40) test items ,after three months the researcher applied both of the post achievement test and reflective thinking and by using one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test ,the result were as follows : 1. There are not statistically significant difference on level of significance of (0,05 ) between the average score of first experimental group which studied Cognitive Acceleration strategy and the average score of second experimental group which studied random excitement strategy in Achievement test and reflective thinking test . 2. There are not statistically significant difference on level of significance of (0,05) between the average score of first experimental group which studied Cognitive Acceleration strategy and the average score of control group which studied the traditional method in Achievement test. 3. There are statistically significant difference on level of significance of (0,05) between the average score of first experimental group which studied Cognitive Acceleration strategy and the average score of control group which studied the traditional method in reflective thinking test and the result was sided with first experimental group . 4. There are statistically significant difference on level of significance of (0,05) between the average score of second experimental group which studied random excitement strategy and the average score of control group which studied the traditional method in Achievement test and reflective thinking test and the result was sided with second experimental group. In the light of the above stated results, suitable conclusions, recommendations, and suggestions for further studies are put forward.


Article
The impact of the model and follows on the collection and Retention of fifth grade students (oiterary) in history
أثر أنموذج وتلي على التحصيل والاحتفاظ لطلبة الصف الخامس( الأدبي) في ماده التاريخ

المؤلفون: .Bashaer Mawloud Tawfeeq بشائر مولود توفيق
الصفحات: 142-167
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الخلاصة

The first chapter the importance of research and need for education scientists see that the roots of the use of a specimen Wheatley in learning and teaching back to Grayson Wheatley, one of the largest supporters of a modern construction, which lay the groundwork for the specimen stage and the form in which it is. That was attributed to him, often called his name called while some educators based learning strategy on the issue. He sees the learner in this model make him a meaningful understanding of problems during his progress, thereby acting with his colleagues to find solutions to them in small groups. He Borders Search: Search by students is determined by the current fifth grade (literary) in high school and junior high in Baghdad governorate / center Chapter II of Arab studies and foreignStudies on the model followed in the collection and retention Chapter III experimental design: researcher determined experimentally adopted a two experimental and control group Rewarded researcher b prior knowledge test, Research tools to prepare for the test after the collection of statistical procedures in terms of difficulty and discrimination After the completion of the requirements of the experiment, the search experience began on Sunday, 08.10.2014 dish and post test to acquire a historical concepts Wednesday, 12/17/2013, and thus the search experience ended in the retention test article after (21) days from the end of the experiment Chapter IV presented in this chapter the researcher's findings on according to objective research and hypotheses rejected FrdahseatThe results showed that there are significant differences between the two groups differences degrees students Conclusions - The specimen is followed by a new strategy led to increased attention and looking forward to the students of history, and increased the desire to know the course material and prepare them for her Recommendations - Encourage and train students on the specimen is followed and get them used Proposals similar study procedures for various stages of the variable sex- - study reveals the impact of a prototypical followed on critical and creative thinking


Article
The effect of a counseling program to develop the skills of friendship among introverts children
أثر برنامج إرشادي في تنمية مهارات الصداقة لدى الأطفال الانطوائيين

المؤلفون: ضحى عادل محمود
الصفحات: 168-221
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الخلاصة

Some children are suffering from introversion in kindergartens , so it must be confront and obviated by specialists because it will inevitably lead to unsatisfactory results reflect negatively on the individual and the community together . And the introvert child is a miserable child incapable of social interaction or give - and - take with colleagues , lack of integration of the child to life leads to the obstruction of participation with his peers in various activities. Introversion causes a real emotional deficit to the children of kindergartens which limits of possibility of their intellectual development and mental growth and that because of their isolation and poor focus in educational skills and also lack the necessary social skills to maintain the ties of friendship and the enjoyment of them. The current research aims to: 1- identifying the introverts children . 2- identifying the impact of the training program to develop the skills of friendship among introverts children of kindergartens. the experimental group and the control group that got a higher score than the theoretical average and number (28) children ( 14) children in the experimental group and (14) children in the control group , then the experimental group has exposed to the independent variable (counseling programm) and then the post - test has applied on the experimental and control groups to extract the difference between the scores of the two groups . Benefit has been gained from the analysis of open question answers and from the review of the theories and previous studies in the formulation of tool phrases (introvert behavior) , as a prelude to extract the sincerity and persistence . The researcher introduced items (introvert behavior) that consisting of (61) items on a group of experts and specialists in educational and psychological science, and asked them to express their opinion in the clarity of phrases and efficiency in every area in the fields, and after using the statistical means results showed the following: 1-The existence of statistical significance differences between the pre and post tests on the list of the introvert behavior of the experimental group and for the benefit of post - test . 2-there is no statistical significance differences between the pre and post tests for the control group . 3-The existence of statistical significance differences between grades of scores of the experimental group and the control group on the list of introvert behavior after the application of the program and this due to the impact of the program and its effectiveness . 4-The lack of statistical significance differences between grades of scores of the experimental group in the first post tests and second posttest (delayed) , which was executed a month after the first post-test . In the light of the following results and put some of the recommendations and the following proposals have been set

الكلمات الدلالية

The effect of a counseling --- أثر برنامج إرشادي


Article
The use of social networking sites (facebook) and its impact on social relations
استخدام مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي الـ (facebook) وتأثيرها في العلاقات الاجتماعية

المؤلفون: Afnan Mohammed Shaban أفنان محمد شعبان
الصفحات: 222-248
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الخلاصة

Abstract Is the subject of Facebook of more topics that aroused interest and that it provides the features and services that allows users to direct communication and interaction and dialogue with others, and deals with the subject of research the use of Facebook and its effects left by the social relations, as the field study was conducted on a sample of 130 students from students Baghdad University of males and females in the Faculty of Political Science and Agriculture, Science and Education, Girls, and limited the sample to Facebook users exclusively to test the study hypotheses and relationships connectivity, and the results revealed the presence of a significant impact of Facebook in the social relations of users and keeping their distance from reality and spend long times in front of the means by which to deal with Facebook leaving positive and negative effects on users


Article
الأسلوب المعرفي (الاندفاع-التروي) لدى طلاب المدارس الثانوية للمتميزين

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الخلاصة

What we observe from the weakness of the students in some of different subjects may be due to that students are learning these traditional methods and competing to acquire the mark, and attain their teachers' interest ,then their only aim becomes the academicsuccess, and this is whatcontradicts the modern educational philosophy. Education needs to be providing it with new ideas and methodologies toprepare an emerging demonstrated scientific reason to distance them from the tradition and indoctrination that do not create generations able to address theexpected problems. The cognitive behavior of reflectiveincludes planning skills, and self-regulation, monitoring,evaluation and the sense of using and choosing cognitivestrategies ,and they aremetacognitive skills,and this, on the contrary, behavior ofimpulsive who lack such skills (Al-nassaj,3:2002). The current research has focused on secondary school students and junior high specially the distinct students. The importance of the current search raises through the variable that researchers are trying to study a cognitive style (impulsivity-reflection)which is one of these styles reliable basis for discrimination between individuals in their responses to different life situations and the extent of their competence and their accuracy. Scale of cognitive style (impulsivity-reflection )has been built to achieve the objectives of the current search at high school students of the distinct . researcher has read out the psychometric properties of the same scale . The current research has reached the following results: • 14.4% impulsive ,and 15% reflective ,and 70%betwixt and between. • There is no statistically significant difference between males and females in cognitive style (impulsivity-reflection). The researchers found a number of recommendations and proposals.


Article
Lighting in children's theater Supposed to play design (Computer
الإضاءة في مسرح الطفل تصميم مفترض لمسرحية (الحاسوب)

المؤلفون: Zaid Salim Suliman زيد سالم سليمان
الصفحات: 281-298
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الخلاصة

Developed technologies and complementary means for viewing theater through the ages, and they affected would improve and get better. Valsinogravea appeared to express a description and identification of existing in the theatrical space of lighting and decorative structure architecture, and the lighting of the elements that have contributed since ancient times in the process of the show, and played a significant role in strengthening the relationship between the recipient and actor and presentation theater as a whole scenes, working to broadcast a dramatic speech theatrical holds ideas and content and symbols and semantics affect the spectator of different age, particularly the child viewer, that little spectator who represent the lighting in the presentations for him Almargb incentive does the viewer and gives it vibrant and attractive. Hence the researcher adopted put his studies (lighting in children's theater)


Article
Egocentrism & its Relationship with Academic Adaptation among University students
التمركز حولِ الذات وعلاقته بالتكيف الأكاديمي لدى طلبة الجامعة

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الخلاصة

Abstract: The research aimed to identifying : 1. Egocentrism of the university students . 2. Academic adaptation of the university student. 3. Differences in Egocentrism according to the both variable ( Gender and Specialization ) of the university student. 4. Differences in academic adaptation according to the both variable ( Gender and Specialization ) of the university student . 5. The Contribution of academic adaptation to Egocentrism of the university student . The sample of the research consisted of ( 400 ) students. Tow instruments have been used in this research ; first : Egocentrism Scale constructed by the researcher consisted ( 42 ) items . The characteristics of psychometric form Validity have been verified, t reliability has been verified by test retest. The Correlation Coefficient was ( 0,73 ). internal consistency of ( Alpha Cronbach ) was ( 0,85 ). Second: was the Scale of academic adaptation which constructed by the researcher consisting of ( 56 ) items . reliability by test retest were verified. The correlation coefficient ( 0,77 ), the method of ( Alpha Cronbach was ( 0,79 ). The following statistical means was using :(Chi-square test, one sample T- test, Two independent sample T-test, Alpha Cronbach Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, Two way analysis of variance with interaction, Scheffee test & Regression analysis. The Research find the following results: 1. The students of the university enjoy high level of Egocentrism. 2. The students' of the university enjoy high level of academic adaptation . 3. There is no differences in the Egocentrism and due to the Gender, study specialization, interaction between the Gender and study specialization. 4. There are differences in the Gender in the academic adaptation, and there are differences in the study Specialization in favor of humanitarian of females. and no-differences in the interaction among them., 5. There are no relation of Statistical significant between Egocentrism and academic adaptation. 6. There are no statistically significant academic contribution to adapt the egocentrism among university students. The researchers has presented a number of recommendations and suggestions.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Psychological stress in unemployed individuals and its association with well being:
الضغوط النفسية لدى العاطلين عن العمل وعلاقتها بالحياة الهانئة

المؤلفون: أسماء عبد الحسين محمد
الصفحات: 332-361
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to detect the level of psychological stress among unemployed individuals and the level of their wellbeing by finding the correlation between these two variables. The research sample consisted of (99) people who are currently unemployed and registered at the Ministry of Labor Affairs. Schafer (1996) scale for psychological stress was used and alongside Ziout's (2012) scale for wellbeing. The results of the research showed an inverse relation between being unemployed and having wellbeing. Therefore, the researcher recommends in the importance of finding appropriate job according to the level of unemployed people, in order to social, economic and psychological goals that can serve individuals and community.


Article
Educational values when Imam Shafie i through his hair
القيم التربوية عند الإمام الشافعي من خلال شعره

المؤلفون: Dalal Kadhim Obeid دلال كاظم عبيد
الصفحات: 362-383
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الخلاصة

In this research was the study of the educational values when Shafei, contained in hair Shafi'i, and that what the role of these values in the education of generations, and the possibility of their application in the educational curriculum. Find addressed Shafei life and his time. The values derived from his hair, as well as quoting from the Koran and influenced by it, which is evident in the hair, governance and eating Alomthal.okzlk Find the importance of this thought in modern education, so as to realism and ease of application. It is the search results, the Shafi'i put thought educationally integral based on the Koran rise to the level of theory. Find and conclusions: that education in its present situation lead to Islamic schizophrenia, and lack of cohesion and the balance of the community. It is the researcher's recommendations: reconsider the matter of education and methods and systems, and the formulation of the theory fit the Muslim community, and to focus on the elements of the nation's moral and spiritual, and the strengthening of these ingredients.


Article
KINDNESS AMONG FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
اللطافة لدى طالبات الجامعة

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الخلاصة

The research aims at constructing a Scale of Kindness phenomenon among university female students and elicit criteria to it, It also recognizes the differences in kindness levels among female students according to variables (specialization, academic grade, social status, and the age). The sample consists of 534 female students who were selected randomly. The two researchers rely on experience and the results of questionnaire, The questionnaire is given to 130 female university students from different colleges as well as their acquaintance with literary works witch dealt with kindness , The scale consists of 39 items , It has psychometric characteristics (Validity and Reliability) . The criterion (Z) is extracted from it and through it the criteria are put to the scale in five levels , The point is explained through the criteria, the respondent to the kindness scale gets this point. It was discovered that female students entertain a high level of kindness. There is no any significant difference (0.05) in kindness level among female students along specialization, academic grade, and social status. There is a proportional relation ,with a significant at(0.05) between kindness and age among university female students.


Article
Social enhancement for the kindergarten teachers The two researchers
المساندة الاجتماعية لدى معلمات الرياض

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الخلاصة

The she/teacher is considered one of the basics of the educational process for its essential role in education and teaching the kindergarten child, thus its lack to construct social relations in side the kindergarten environment working in it regarded one of the shortcoming factors she is suffering from which should be manipulated, because it could effect its enthusiasm to work in the kindergarten according to what has mentioned, the researcher presents the following objective:- • Identifying level of social enhancement for the kindergarten teachers via the test of the following hypothesis:- • Zero hypothesis:- There is no difference of statistic significance for the mean for the kindergarten's marks o n social enhancement criterion and hypothesis mean at level of significance(05.0) For measuring the environmental mastery level, the two researchers construct instrument to measure social enhancement for the kindergarten teachers, and the research sample consisted of(20) she/ teachers, and the results of the current research have demonstrated the existence of weakness in the level of the social enhancement for the she/ teachers and according to the results, the researcher has presented a number of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.

الكلمات الدلالية

Social enhancement --- المساندة الاجتماعية


Article
قياس مستوى جودة الحياة لدى أعضاء هيئة التدريس في الجامعة (دراسـة ثقافيـة مقارنة) لعينـات ( ليبيـة وعراقية ومصرية )

المؤلفون: عبد الكريم عبيد جمعة الكبيسي
الصفحات: 427-460
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الخلاصة

Abstract The current study aims at identifying of the differences of life quality level for the academic instructors at Omar Al-Mukhtar University / Libya according to the city variable that the instructor belong to ( Libya, Iraq, Egypt ), and also according to gender Variable (Male - Female),To achieve the aims of study ,the researcher chose a sample consists of (210) instructors ( 170 males and 40 females) from four colleges at Omar Al- Mukhtar University/ Darna . The researcher built the scale of life quality which consists of (42) items in last version . The researcher has conducted the validity and reliability of the scale. and by using Analysis of Variance via (SPSS program). The research reaches the following results : 1-The life quality of the instructors was low with Statistically significant . 2-There were differences in life quality according gender and the favorite of females with Statistically significant (0.01). 3-There were differences in life quality between samples (Egyptian-Libyan , Egyptian- Iraqi – and for the favorite of the Egyptian sample, and there was no statistical significance differences in the( Libyan – Iraqi group). In light of the results, the researcher presents some recommendations and suggestions.

الكلمات الدلالية

قياس مستوى جودة الحياة


Article
The Impact of Cooperative Training of EFL Student Teachers on their Teaching Performance and Attitude toward Teaching
أثر التدريب التعاوني لطلبة اللغة الانكليزية المدرسين في أدائهم التدريسي واتجاهاتهم نحو مهنة التدريس

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الخلاصة

Iraqi EFL college instructors, who supervise the teaching practice of EFL student teachers, commonly experience the inefficient teaching performance of prospective teachers. This inefficiency is usually due to their inability to make connections between the practical experience and the theoretical knowledge of TEFL. One of the reasons behind this inability may be the employment of traditional ways of training and instructing student teachers. Moreover, it is usually noticed that many Iraqi EFL student teachers have a negative attitude toward the teaching profession. They explicitly state that they would join the teaching force only if they fail to work in any other field. The issue of developing EFL student teachers preparation by providing effective training strategy to prepare teachers to teach in more challenging ways is the main concern of this experimental study in which two groups are involved (experimental and control). It aims at finding out the effect of employing a cooperative learning strategy in training EFL student teachers on developing their teaching performance as well as their attitude toward teaching. To achieve the aims of this study, a classroom observation checklist and a questionnaire are constructed to evaluate student teachers' teaching performance and attitude toward teaching. In addition, a set of lesson plans are designed to be followed with the experimental group. The experiment lasts for 14 weeks at the end of which the study instruments are administered. The findings of the study shows that employing the cooperative learning strategy in training Iraqi EFL student teachers is effective in enabling them develop both their teaching performance and a positive attitude toward teaching. The study also put forward a set of practical recommendations to improve Iraqi EFL student teacher education and training.


Article
Risk-taking Behavior and It's Relationship to Job Satisfaction Among Workers in the Emergency Program in UNRWA in Gaza Governorates
سلوك المخاطرة وعلاقته بالرضا الوظيفي لدى العاملين في برنامج الطوارئ في وكالة الغوث الدولية (الأونروا) في محافظات غزة

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الخلاصة

This research aims to find out the relationship of risk behavior & job satisfaction for workers in the emergency program in the international relief agency (UNRWA) in the Gaza Strip and the level of each of them, and to achieve that we have been conducting research on the strength of "210" sample employees of the emergency program staff in the international relief agency in Gaza governorates, and try to answer the research questions the researcher through the use of measurements of risk behavior and job satisfaction are two of the researcher, The researcher has used several statistical methods to identify the validity and reliability of scales and access to research and interpretations of the results, and these methods: the mean, standard deviation and relative weight, Pearson correlation coefficient, test "t", scheffe test, variance and variance analysis bilateral analysis test (2 × 2), results showed that the level of risk-taking behavior is located at the average level of relative weight (68.5%), and job satisfaction level is at a good level relative weight (73.5%) among respondents, as well as the presence of a statistically significant relationship between job satisfaction and risk taking behavior in general, and the presence of statistically significant differences in the level of risk-taking behavior is attributable to gender, educational qualification, the nature of the profession, the workplace, and to maintain, and the lack of statistically significant differences in the level of risk-taking behavior attributed to marital status, years of experience, and the lack of statistically significant differences in the level of satisfaction differences career due to the variable gender, marital status, educational qualification, years of experience and the workplace, and the presence of significant differences in the level of job satisfaction differences due to the variable nature of the profession, the province, and the presence of the effect statistically significant interaction between gender "male, female" job satisfaction "low , high "after the distinctive capabilities of personal risk, while the results did not show statistically significant impact indicative of the rest of the dimensions of the total degree of risk taking behavior have, And the existence of the effect statistically significant interaction between qualification and job satisfaction "low, high," a motivated risk, while the results did not show significant influential statistically for the rest of the overall dimensions and the degree of risk taking behavior they have, and the presence of the effect statistically significant interaction between the nature of the profession and job satisfaction "low, high "Just risk decision-making, while the results did not show significant influential statistically for the rest of dimensions and the total score for the behavior of the risk they have, and the presence of the effect statistically significant interaction between the workplace and job satisfaction" low, high, "the dimensions accept the risk, and the motives of the risk, while not shown Results statistically significant effect on the rest of the dimensions of the total degree of risk taking behavior. Key words: Risk-taking behavior, Job satisfaction, Emergency program, UNRWA international "UNRWA".


Article
The Advancement of the Educational Process Requirements
مستلزمات النهوض بالعملية التربوية (( دراسة تحليلية ))

المؤلفون: Faiz Jalal Kadhim فائز جلال كاظم
الصفحات: 521-532
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الخلاصة

Education represents a different their areas, especially after the educational cornerstone of Staff of the community in which young person’s that can stand up and shared the overall development process. In order for education to be effective in the community, there is a need to develop to cope with the process development of civilization and modern technology. And for that to be achieved the goal of current research to stand on the advancement of the educational process through Knowledge of educational strategies that had previously requirements put forward for the development of educational process as well as through Knowledge of the most recent development of educational process as. In order to reach these goals ensures Find three chapters and a conclusion. First chapter discusses the general framework of the study; while the second chapter is devoted to view the educational development strategies, either in the third quarter were a new educational trend, and the conclusion, the results presented.

الكلمات الدلالية

The Advancement --- مستلزمات النهوض


Article
The Level of Computer Literacy of the Students at Al Quds Open University in Tulkarm Branch
مستوى الثقافة الحاسوبية لدى طلبة جامعة القدس المفتوحة في فرع طولكرم

المؤلفون: Husam Tawfiq Hirzalla حسا م توفيق حرزالله
الصفحات: 533-562
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الخلاصة

The purpose of this study is to assess the level of computer literacy of the students at AlQuds open university in Tulkarm Branch. The study investigates the effects of the variables of gender, specialization, academic level, owning a personal computer, internet communication, and own an email account on the level of computer literacy. A test of computer literacy was constructed by the researchers consisting of (37) multiple choice items with a reliability rate (0.85). The study population consisted of (4100) students, while the sample contained (352) students. The study revealed that the level of computer literacy of the students at AlQuds Open University in Tulkarm Branch was (66.2 %) which is educationally acceptable. It also indicated that there are statistically significant differences due to gender, specialization, own an a personal computer, internet communication, and own an email account to the benefit of technology and applied science. Finally, the study revealed that there are no statistically significant differences due to academic level.

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