Table of content

iraq journal of market research and consumer protection

المجلة العراقية لبحوث السوق وحماية المستهلك

ISSN: 20713894
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Presidency of the university or centers
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Scientific Referred Journal Published by Center for Market Research and Consumer Protection, University of Baghdad.
Date of First Issue (2009)
No. of Issue Per Year (2)
No. of Issue Published Between 2009-2014 (10)

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Contact info

phone Number: 07700646083
E.mail: jour.mracpc@uobaghdad.edu.iq
website: iraqimarket.net

Table of content: 2016 volume:8 issue:1

Article
Economic losses caused by mole cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa on some vegetable plants and agricultural crops
الخسائر الاقتصادية التي تسببها حشرة الكاروبGryllotalpa gryllotalpa على بعض نباتات الخضر والمحاصيل الزراعية

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The study was conducted to estimate the economic losses caused by insect mole cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa on some agricultural crops and Potato tubers in collage of Agriculture- Abu Ghraib season 2012-2013. Study showed Mole cricket caused percentage of infestation in spring potato tubers variety Luciana reached to 11.61% and the percentage of loss in weight of tubers reached 18.88%. The study showed that addition of animal manure (organic fertilizer) to the soil when planting potatoes in the autumn increased the incidence of infestation and the number of tunnels caused by mole cricket which led to from increased economic losses. When matured potato tubers were left for a longer period in the soil percentage of infestation by mole cricket was increased and resulted in an increasing of the economic losses on potato tubers. It was evident from the study that the injury by mole cricket different plant depends on the growth of plants and the development of radical totaling stage where the focus of infection insect during the month of April and the percentage of lost plants 22.5 % on cowpeas, sunflower 20.5 % and okra 18 %, watermelon 17.7 % and cucumbers 15.34% During the month of May and June the percussion pumpkin 14 % and some bush 24 % plants and the lack of tunnels insect during July and August, plants and emerged injury on the autumnal cucumber plants during September and October and the peas and some jungle plants during January and February and March, and that there is significant correlation between the number of tunnels the insect and the percentage of loss in different economic hosts.


Article
Isolate and diagnose Mycotoxins associated with some producers of Indomie and Chips that available in local markets
عزل وتشخيص السموم الفطرية المرافقة لبعض منتوجات الاندومي والشيبس المتوافرة في الاسواق المحلية.

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This study aimed to survey fungi associated with the product Indomie and Chips being the trades Iargely by a very important segment of society who are the children, beside consumed by adults, but less so, as the survey results to accompany some fungui samples sterile showed proportions presence included various fungi like. Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium Spp., Fusarium graminearum, F.moniliforme, Alternaria alternate and Rhizopus Spp., and other fungi sterile are not diagnosed. The results showed large dominion fungi A. niger by presence sterile samples of both producers, followed by infection in Fusarium Spp., Penicillium Spp., and A. alternata by infection percentage 55, 20 and 17% respectively for the product sterile Indomie, valuable when the infection A. flavus, Penicillium Spp., and A. alternata 43, 25 and 12% respectively for sterile product chips. As shown test results ELISA ability of some isolates to produce toxin DON and AFB1 at the rice medium, They are hazardous to human health and animal toxins was fungus Fusarium Spp. Product toxin DON concentrations ranged 13.2-134.5 µg/kg while the fungus A. flavus toxin producing aflatoxin B1 concentrations ranged 14.3-115 µg/kg.


Article
Health TV shows and consumer awareness/ Analytical study of the Green Apple program.
البرامج الصحية التلفزيونية وتوعية المستهلك/ دراسة تحليلية لبرنامج التفاح الأخضر

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Television plays an important role in health education development of the consumer, where the health programs offered by satellite channels offering a variety of subjects that deal with human health in general, as do people with some misconceptions health practices either due to lack of awareness or a low level of culture they have is one of the problems that require a search, so the research aims to clarify what the TV play in health education to the consumer through a content analysis of health issues covered by the television health programs and identify health issues positive and negative in everyday human life, it has been identified green apple program Broadcast of the channel mbc1 as a model for health programs offered by the Arab satellite health awareness, were analyzed 12 TV episodes, a sample of the program and were subjected to content analysis according to the form that has been prepared for the analysis of the topics addressed by the program was off a set of conclusions and developed several recommendations which relate to the subject of study, has been used statistical program spss in the extraction of frequencies and percentages and interpret the results, the results show the importance of the program's focus on providing advice and guidance as one of the pillars of health programs and the importance of health awareness of man.


Article
Isolation and Identification of food Probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii by using traditional methods, Vitek 2 system and molecular identification methods.
عزل وتشخيص المعزز الحيوي الغذائي Saccharomyces boulardii باستعمال الطرائق التقليدية ونظام الفايتك2 والطرائق الجزيئية.

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This study was aimed to isolate and identify Saccharomyces boulardii from Mangosteen fruits (Garcinia mangostana L.) by traditional and molecular identification methods To get safe and healthy foods probiotics for use, The isolates and two commercial strains were subjected to cultural, morphological and biochemical tests, The colonies of the isolates were spherical, smooth, mucoidal, dull and white to cream colour on SD agar media .The shape of cells was globose to ovoid and sometimes with budding, in a single form or clustered like a beehive. The isolates and two commercial strains were unable to metabolized galactose and lactose , Results shows that all isolates were unable to utilize potassium nitrate and not grow in the presence of (0.01%) cyclohexamide. Also the isolates and two commercial strains were identified by the Vitek 2 identification system, as S. cerevisiae with probability 90-94%, Since there are no data in this device includes S. boulardii. Because the cultural, morphological and biochemical tests didn’t provide sufficient evidence to distinguish between S. boulardii and S. cerevisiae, the probiotics strains must be identified up to genus and strain levels by internationally accepted methods, So the SbR7 isolate which shown high probiotic advantages and two commercial strains were diagnosed molecularly by using specific primers targeting sequence for the region (ITS) of the 5.8S rRNA gene Genomic DNA was isolated from SbR7 Isolate and ITS region of the 5.8S rRNA gene was amplified using PCR. PCR products was sequenced and compared with the sequence of this region in the DNA of S. boulardii available in GenBank (NCBI) using the program BLASTn. Results revealed, this isolate was almost genetically identical (99%) with S. boulardii standard strains.


Article
Determination of Some Biochemical Parameters in Ascaridia galli in chickens Which abundant in the local markets
تقدير بعض المتغيرات الكيموحيوية في الدودة الخيطية Ascaridia galli في الدجاج الحي المتوافر في الاسواق المحلية

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Abstract

The current study included measuring the percent of protein in the extract of nematode Ascaridia galli that infect chickens, it was 1.157% and equivalent to 11.570 mg /L., as well as the amino acid analysis in the nematode A.galli by using a high-performance liquid chromatography technique (HPLC), as was detect five types for amino acids in this extract Leucine, Threonin, Serine, Methionine and Valine as the amount of these amino acids in the extract was as follows 132.973, 26.994, 10.453, 2.243 and 1.888 mg /L., respectively, and other amino acids which Glutamic, Histidine and Tyrosin did not exist in the nematode A.galli.


Article
consumer, procedural rules, the protection, the Consumer Protection Council
المستهلك، قواعد إجرائية، حماية، مجلس حماية المستهلك.

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This research Sheds highlights the procedural protections that must be enjoyed by the consumer in the face of the product, which is the protection of no less dangerous than the substantive protection of our obligations and duties delivered by the legislature upon the product of consumer interest, what is the benefit of the right if the access road to him complicated, so know The consumer has a right to the face of the product, but leaves the claim, either to ignorance For access to this right either to the difficulty of connecting to him. That this research modest attempt we tried through which to focus on the way to the consumer behavior of arrived right, as we tried to highlight the weaknesses and the complexity of the procedure to be followed by the consumer, we hope to pay attention her Iraqi legislator and Atlavaha as soon as possible After activating the work of consumer protection to provide safe and effective protection of the Iraqi consumer law.


Article
The role of green taxes in the reduction of environmental pollution- exploratory search- in the GCT.
دور الضرائب الخضراء في الحد من التلوث البيئي- بحث استطلاعي- في الهيئة العامة للضرائب

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The research aims to identify the concept of green taxes and their role in reducing environmental pollution through the poll of Abnh of taxpayers and employees of the General Authority for taxes totaling 200 individual .autam adoption of the resolution as a tool head for the collection of data and information from the sample and analyzed their responses using a statistical program (spss - 10), and calculating the percentages and the arithmetic mean, standard deviation and research found to a number of conclusions, notably the lack of legislation with the challenges and the difficulty of the existence of a measure or a standard lack of planning for the application of environmental taxes that the state taxation application between the General Commission for taxes and the Ministry of environment and the most important recommendations were to issue the necessary legislation in the field of tax collection and environmental fines for environmental pollution and damage caused to life and the elements of the environment and human safety. The introduction of quality and environmental management systems, environmental standards need to find a match with local ingredients and process consistent with international standards and applications so as to ensure the imposition of environmental controls on polluting activities to the environment.


Article
New Species of the Sub family Cerambycinae (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) from Iraq
نوع جديد لعويلة Coleoptera , Cerambycidae) Cerambycinae) من العراق

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A new Species of the Cerambycinae belonging to the genus Hesperophanes was found new to the fauna of Iraq and Science. H. testaceus was studied in details and the male genitalia were illustrated. Type's paratypes and the locality of this newly described Species were mentioned.


Article
Study of environmental pollution to soil of power station Dezlat alJadiriyah / University of Baghdad.
دراسة التلوث البيئي ببعض العناصر الثقيلة لتربة محطة كهرباء ديزلات الجادرية- جامعة بغداد.

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The study aimed to measure the concentration of some heavy metal elements and represented by (Pb, Cd,Cu) through the use of atomic absorption spectrometer Flame AAS-7000 type SHIMADZU underwent a process modeling to twelve samples from the soil of electricity Dezlat al Jadiriyah station in the Baghdad University compound at a depth of 30-60 cm from the surface and divided the samples into two groups first included six samples from inside the station while the second included six samples from outside the station. For the element of Pb was higher concentration reached by 29.32ppm and less concentration 17.56ppm. were elements Cd and Cu are growing and less and proportions of certain while the highest concentration of copper 9.69 ppm and less concentration of 4.07 and highest concentration of Cd 0.60 ppm and less concentration of 0.01 ppm. It was noted that the concentrations of the samples of the study did not exceed the allowable limits of environmental determinants but in the long term and cumulative is possible to increase the concentrations of the elements above in addition to the failure to achieve certain environmental standards by the Iraqi Ministry of Environment and private stations electric power generation. The results of laboratory tests of soil samples for different sites from the ground confirmed that there are varying ratios of heavy elements or in all soil samples. Previous studies indicate and the current study that different pollutants due to the difference in the fuel used, which leads to emissions to air differences and thus a difference in the combustion residues note that the fuel used in the plant is diesel fuel.


Article
Effect of Extracts Alkaloids Cordia myxa leafs on fourth larval stage in lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica (F.)(Coleoptera:Bostrichidae)
تأثير المستخلص القلواني الخام لأوراق نبات البمبر Cordia myxa في مكافحة الطور اليرقي الرابع لخنفساء ثاقبة الحبوب الصغرى وتطورها Coleoptera:Bostrichidae)) Rhyzopertha dominica (F.)

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An experimental study was conducted to evaluate the effect of AL-coholic extract alkaloid of Cordia myxa leafs in fourth larval stage of lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica. Using alkaline extracts of 8%, the study has been shown clear effect increased in mortality rate for fourth larval stage 93.3% and degressed to 66.6% at 4% concentrate to 13.3% with control treatment .Ahigher percentage of pupal mortality 16.6% at 4% concentrate has been observed, while no natural emergence carried out at concentrates of 4.6% comparing with control treatment of 86.66%, at the same time percentage of deformation has been increased to 16.66% at 4% of extracts and degressed to 6.66% at 6% while no deformation have been shown with control treatment .


Article
Effect of food an appearance of ovaries cysts its relation with some variable factors in women at age 15-54 years in Baghdad – city
تأثير الغذاء في ظهور أكياس المبايض لدى عينة من النساء بعمر 15-54 سنة في مدينة بغداد وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات.

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This study aimed to kmow the effect of food on appearance of ovaries cyst in women aged 15-54 year in Baghdad. City and its relation ship with reproductive health Woman samples was divided to four aged groups;15-24 , 25-34 , 35-44 and 45-54 years. Results demonstrate that all samples of women has varied level of obesity. Also we are noticed that all samples of women has varied level of obesity. Also we are noticed tgat is a relation ship between obesity and marriagestatas with the highest proportion of ovarian cystsin obese marriage woman reached to37.90% The percent of un married women which have obesity class // with ovarian cysts reached50% Results refer to found that %19-24 of married women had obortians and 48,33%had cases of delayed pregnaucy. The diet of all groups of women was un balanced diet Also Result showed that the level of estrogen hormone in all blood samples of women averaged between 600-800 and this no very high.


Article
The net effect of the nominal protection coefficients in the production of table eggs and poultry meat in Iraq For the period 1990- 2013.
تأثير معاملات الحماية الاسمية الصافية في انتاج بيض المائدة ولحوم الدواجن في العراق للمدة 1990- 2013.

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The research aims to measure the net nominal protection coefficients for the products table eggs and poultry meat and the extent of its impact on domestic production volume for the period of 1990- 2013 has been the use of mathematical formulas simplified in the calculation of the transaction process with a view to the extent of support and protection offered by the state pricing policy for products Resources Sector Animal in Iraq and reach search Highlights and most important, there are volatile price state policy with regard to eggs and poultry meat, as it ranged net nominal protection coefficients between the larger and less than the right one, which means that values are unstable to support local producers or consumers, and can be The reason is that the wars that the country went through the circumstances of whether economic or political, as well as the exchange rate policies of the local currency overvalued and which makes the prices of imported goods seem relatively less than the domestic prices.


Article
Effect of adding the Flavonoids from Zizypus spina-christi leaves in redox indicators of the fat extracted from Cows, Sheeps bones and storage on defferent temperature and periods.
تأثير أضافة المركبات الفلافونويدية المستخلصة من أوراق نبات السدر (Zizypus spina-christi) في مؤشرات الأكسدة للدهن المستخلص من عظام الأبقار والأغنام والمخزون بدرجات حرارة ومدد زمنية مختلفة.

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Flavonoids were extracted from Zizyphus spina-christi leaves by Ethyl acetate after acid digested and used as antioxidant. The dried extract was added separately to each sample of fat extracted from hallow cow and sheep bones as follows: T1 cow fat, T2 control for cow fat, T3 sheep fat and T4 control for sheep fat (the control T2 and T4 reffered to samples without added antioxidant). Samples were stored at -18, 5, 25 and 55 °C for 28 days. The storage trials were conducted at -18, 5 and 25 °C for 28 days for T1, T2, T3 and T4. The chemical indices examined initially and at the end of storage period. PVs was 1.46, 1.46, 1.8 and 1.8 meq/ Kg oil respectively, FFA values were 0.245, 0.245, 0.244 and 0.244% respectively and TBA values were 0.015, 0.015, 0.023 and 0.023 mg malonaldehyde/ Kg oil respectively. The statistical analysis for the obtained results revealed insignificant differences (p< 0.05) among both storage periods and storage temperatures. It was also found that the added antioxidants (Zizyphus leaf) hadn't showed preservative effect on added fat samples. The storage trial for fat samples were also conducted at 55°C for 28 days. The initial values for PVs were 1.46, 1.46, 1.8 and 1.8 meq/ kg oil respectively and the final values were 3.2, 4.4, 3.6 and 5.4 meq/ kg oil respectively. The FFAs values were initially 0.245, 0.245, 0.244 and 0.244% respectively and the final values were 0.394, 0.507, 0.451 and 0.564% respectively. The TBA values were initially 0.015, 0.015. 0.023 and 0.023 mg malonaldehyde/ kg oil respectively and the final values were 0.02, 0.032, o.o334 and o.o452 mg malonaldehyde/ kg oil respectively. The statistical analysis revealed insignificant differences p< 0.05 among storage periods for both PV and FFA values (except T1 that didn't show significant effect p< 0.05 for FFA) and TBA values. The added antioxidants (Zizyphus leaf) hadn't revealed significant effect on stored oil samples as reflected by obtained results.


Article
Food problem in Iraq: Challenges and Antiquities.
المشكلة الغذائية في العراق: التحديات والاثار

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Research Hypothesis from the fact that kicks off the effect that agricultural production in Iraq plays an important role in overcoming the food problem and achieving food security, but he became far far away from the provision of sufficient quantities of food products and then securing the Iraqi consumer food basket by the challenges faced by the agricultural sector. To prove the hypothesis research in its structure in three axes came, the first axis eating historical significance to the subject of food over time periods as well as to clarify the concept of food security, and the second axis touched on the most important challenges facing the agricultural sector in Iraq and prevent the achievement of food requirements for members of the community adequately, and Axis the third said the most important effects that the food problem in Iraq. It emerged from research that the agricultural sector in Iraq suffers from the problems of big challenges and that the survival of the case as it stands marks one of the most important gaps facing agricultural policy in Iraq, which means the presence of food problem and ultimately have a negative impact on consumer food basket, and represented the most important challenges of inadequate production plant and domestic animal, and weak competitiveness of food commodities, with limited acreage, and the stability of the proportion of spending from the general budget, along with the problem of water and declining volume of water inventories, has left these challenges are many traces of the most important of inflation and rising prices with low agricultural export volume and thus deteriorating develop commercial features, as well as the disruption of social support structure, was reached to the importance of interest in investing in the agricultural sector and improve its capabilities productivity, while improving the competitiveness of food commodities through the transition to a competitive advantage based on technology and scientific research in order to achieve quality and low cost, with a need for attention vocabulary ration card through the improvement of vocabulary and distribution guarantees for citizens by constantly contribute to reducing the incidence of poverty in the country.


Article
Study the Activity of some plant resources as natural antioxidant
اختبار ودراسة فعالية وكفاءة بعض المصادر النباتية كمضادات أكسدة طبيعية

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This study was done to test the activity of some plant extracts as antioxidant agents. The plants were (Morus rubra, Hibiscus sabdariffa L ., Rhus coriaria L., Anethum graveolens and Petroselinum sativum). Ethanolic 98% (24 hours/ 25˚c) and distilled water (30 minutes/ 25˚c have been used for extraction.The Total phenols, total flavonoids, total anthocyanin, antioxidant activities were studied. The extract of Morus rubra was chosen because it has a higher antioxidant activity. The phenolic extract of Morus rubra was prepare and examined by application it in burger . The antioxidant activity test of Morus rubra was made before and after 3,6 days of cold storage. The sensory evaluation of all treatments were done within 5,10 days. The results showed: There was significant different between ethanolic extract and water extract in total phenols and flavonoids compound, the ethanolic extract of Morus rubra shown superior phenolic compound contain (23.3 mg GAE/ gr.), water extract of Morus rubra L., Showed height phenolic compound (20 mg GAE/ gr.). Ethanolic and water extracts of Morus rubra have a higher Flavonoids (81.1, 69.8 μg /g Rutin Equv.). The Morus rubra shown superior Anthocyanin compound 56.3 μ g Cyanidin 3- glucoside/ gr. The antioxidant activity different according to type of plant and concentration, the ethanolic extract of Morus rubra gave higher antioxidant activity(88.9%) compared with other extract and α- tocopherol (86.5%) and lower from BHT (97 %). The extract was added to burger at (0.04, 0.08, 0.12gr./ 100 gr.) which were stored at 4C for 5,10 days the peroxide value decreased as the extract concentration was increased.


Article
Choosing the Planning Aggregate Production strategy of the Organization of service - A Case Study in Baghdad hotel
اختيار إستراتيجية تخطيط الإنتاج الإجمالي الملائمة للمنظمة الخدمية- دراسة حالة في فندق بغداد.

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Constitute a planning problem on the basis of personal experience and self-governance in the service organizations away from quantitative scientific method in planning an anchor and a platform, who made a recent research study, analysis and interpretation through scientific methodology adopted which formed its contents, The research aims to identify the true reality of production planning in service organizations, specifically in the Baghdad Hotel as a society to look, in order to assess the best strategy through the standard cost of the strategies of tracking and settlement to cope with developments on services demand changes, Search results confirmed that the settlement rates of production strategy is the best strategy in accordance with the minimum cost standard, against which has been drafting a set of recommendations that will hopefully be taken advantage of them involved in the current study.


Article
Determine the chemical content of Bay (Laurus nobilis L.) leaves extract and its effectivenss against some bacterial species
تحديد المحتوى الكيميائي لمستخلص أوراق نبات الغارBay (Laurus nobilis L.) وفعاليته المضاده تجاه بعض الأنواع البكتيرية

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This study has been performed to study the inhibitory effects of crude plant extracts of Bay (laurus nobilis) leaves against some bacterial isolates represented by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermids, Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeroginosa in vitro. The results showed that percentages of essential chemical of laurus nobilis leaves which represented by moisture, total oil, total ash, crude protein, crude fibers, carbohydrites and caloric values in dry weight are 5.96, 4.28, 14.2, 8.75, 24.8, 76.99%, and 284.92 kcal/100g respectively, the percentages of some major and minor mineral elements of laurus nobilis leaves powder which represented by Mg, Fe, Cu, Pb, Cd and As, are: 0.211, 0.165, 0.023, 0.011, 0.00, 0.0004 mg/g and 3.140 ppm, respectively, while Co did not appear in the laurus nobilis leaves. The aqueous extract of the plant was acidic its pH 5.79. The results of initial detection (precipitation) showed that ethyl acetate and aqueous extracts of laurus nobilis leaves contain all active compounds represented by tannins, saponins, flavonoides, glycosides, phenols, terpenoids, sterols and cumarin, while alcoholic and hexan extracts contain also the some compounds except saponins, hexane extracts no phenols. Through the study of the effect of laurus nobilis leaves extracts against growth of bacteria in vitro a significant differences at (p<0.05) was observed, It was found that the ethyl acetate and alcoholic extracts more were effective on the bacterial species than the other remaining extracts against the growth of bacteria, inhibitory activity was of all bacterial species at concentration of 3.125mg/ml and it was more effective on Staphyloccocus epidermids for ethyl acetate extract giving inhibitory zone estimated 15.5mm, while alchoholic extract was activity against bacteria E. coli at inhibition zone estimated 15mm, while hexan extracts has been showed inhibition activity of same concentration only on bacteria Staphyloccocus aureus with zone 10.5mm, as for it has been showed inhibitory activity of bacteria Proteus vulgaris at concentration 12.5mg/ml with zone 13mm, as for Staphyloccocus epidermids, Bacillus subtilis, E. coli and Pseudomonas aeroginosa were their inhibition activity at concentration 25mg/ml while Staphyloccocus aureus was highest inhibition at zone 16.5mm and 14mm of same concentration as for the hexan and aqueous extracts respectively, while the inhibition of bacteria Proteus vulgaris was zone 10mm of aqueous extract, inhibitory activity of bacteria Pseudomonas aeroginosa has been showed at concentration 50mg/ml of zone 16mm, as for the bacteria Staphyloccocus epidermids, Bacillus subtilis were the inhibitory zone at 12mm and E. coli at zone 18mm of concentration 100mg/ml. When measuring the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for each bacterial species at a concentrations 6.25- 12.5mg/ml for ethyl acetate and alcoholic extracts have high inhibitory activity compared with the other concentrations, but the hexane and aqueous extracts have affected bacterial species at 12.5- 100 mg/ml, except for Staphyloccocus aureus and Bacillus subtilis, which was not affected by any of the concentrations of extracts.


Article
Population growth and the culture of consumption A field study in the city of Arbil.
النمو السكاني وثقافة الاستهلاك دراسة ميدانية في مدينة أربيل

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research objectives to: 1. identify the social, economic and cultural factors affecting consumption. 2. detect the consumption culture among the population in the city of Erbil. 3. Identify the GATT consumer protection and rights. The most important results: 1. that there is variation in the answers of respondents about keep up with modernity in the basic consumption (necessary), it swallowed the proportion of yes answers about keep up with modernity in food consumption (72%), and is an indication of growing consumer awareness of the individual in the side of nutrition. The clothing on the side of the proportion of yes answers amounted to (85%), in the health field note that the percentage of yes answers (83%), who are abreast of modernity in the state of health concern. 2. The proportion (64.5%) prefer to keep up with modernity in basic violation and consumption phenotypic the highest level, and this is an important sign of growing consumer awareness of the population of the city of Arbil, the promised reasons: high urban rate and urbanization in Erbil. Obviously influence for tourists as the city of Arbil tourist frequented by thousands of tourists and different cultures. increase the cultural awareness of the population and the complexity of social life reflected on the reality of consumption 3. that there is variation in the motives of consumption by the respondents, in the acquisition of modern needs of all kinds and forms, that the motivation (to satisfy life needs) ranked first in hierarchical sequence motives consumption of respondents and numbered (158) respondents, came motivation (get sychological comfort in consumption) in last place and the number of responses (120) respondents.


Article
Study The Effect of α-amylase Inhibitors Isolated from Plant Sources on Some Mold.
دراسة تأثير مثبطات الالفا- اميليز المعزولة من مصادر نباتية في نمو بعض الاعفان

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Activity test of the inhibitors purified from barley and broad beans crop proved the inhibition activity against 6 types of rots Pencillium ssp and Aspergellusflavus and Aspergillus niger and Fusarium solani and Fusarium semitectum and Mucor with three concentrations 0.1 and 0.2 and 0.3 mg/ml, where the inhibitor purified from the second peak of broad beans proved that it had a higher inhibition activity against the growth of test rots which were 53.75 and 62.5 and 78.5 and 76.25 and 84 and 18.8% respectively, at 0.3 mg/ ml followed by the first peak of the inhibitor purified from broad beans the inhibition activity were 43.75 and 50 and 62.96 and 75 and 80 and 12.5 then the inhibitor purified from barley in which the inhibition activity were 25 and 35 and 25.9 and 72.5 and 40 and 0 respectively, at concentration 0.3 mg/ml.


Article
Total Quality Management in the Qur'an
إدارة الجودة الشاملة في القرآن- قصة نبي الله يوسف (ع) نموذجاً

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The aim of this research is to clarify the importance of total quality management. Total quality management considered as a cultural process covering the various aspects of activities in society that helps human well-being, as well as the development of its efficiency and ability. They also have an effective role in achieving the desired goals that will benefit humanity. The concept of total quality management in the Qur'an is a broad, comprehensive and well integrated concept that aims to improve human life economically and socially. Quality in the Qur'an is a mean to achieve human beings happiness. In this research we will highlight a successful story of quality management from Qur'an that ensures consumer protection and support of economy which is the story of the Prophet Youssef (p). It is a unique story that are mentioned and praised in Qur'an as an example of total quality management.


Article
Dextran Production From Locally Isolated Bacteria (Leuconostoc mesenteroides) And Its Utilization In Some Food Application
إنتاج الدكستران من عزلة (Leuconostoc mesenteroides) محلية واستعماله في بعض التطبيقات الغذائية.

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Abstract

Leuconostoc bacteria was isolated from local pickled cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata) and identified as Leuconostoc mesenteroides by morphology,biochemical and physiological. The local isolated L. mesenteroides bacteria under the optimal conditions of dextran production showed that, the highly production of dextran was 7.7g achieved by using a modified natural media comprised of 100ml whey, 10g refined sugar, 0.5g heated yeast extract, 0.01g CaCl2, 0.001g MgSO4, 0.001g MnCl2 and 0.001g NaCl at pH 6 and 25̊C for 24 hr of fermentation and by using 1ᵡ106 cell/ml as initial inoculums volume. Some applications in food technology (Ice cream, Loaf, Ketchup and Beef preservation) have been performed with processed dextran. The results showed examined product as related to color, solubility and viscosity for both ice cream and ketchup in addition to softness, puffiness in loaf core and show high efficiency as cryoprotective agent in beef preservation at -18°C with out being freezed. Part of Ph. D. Thesis of the first author.


Article
Determination of mercury level in skin whitening creams
تحديد مستوى الزئبق في كريمات مبيض البشرة

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Abstract

This study included the determination of mercury level in twelve samples of skin whitening cream available in local market in Baghdad by atomic absorption spectrophotometer ,all the samples analyzed was contained a detectable amount of mercury. The lowest concentration of mercury in the sample C (Top Shirley) was 0.482 μg/g, and the higher concentration was 29.54 μg/g in the sample J (Norseen) .It was also noted that the samples H (whitening speckle removing day cream) and K (whitening speckle removing night cream) did not mention in the label significance the name of the country of origin and date of the validity of the product.


Article
Iraqi Pharmaceutical Formula for Clonazepam Oral Drop 2.5 mg/ ml to Treat Seizure Epilepsy in Infants and Children with its Stability Study.
تركيبة صيدلانية عراقية لمستحضر كلونازيبام قطرة فموية 2.5 ملغم/ مل لعلاج التشنجات العصبية والصرع عند الرضع والاطفال مع دراسة ثباتيتها.

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Abstract

This work has been carried out to develop national drug product contains 2.5mg/ml clonazepam as oral drop; it is used for the treatment of epilepsy in infants and children. Several formulations were prepared using oral drop base, flavor, buffer, sweeteners and preservatives. Selection of best formula relied solely on physic-chemical testing of samples. Stability study was conducted on the product for six months at different temperatures to determine the expiration date and the best storage conditions. From the study we obtained an oral drop of good clear solution. The expiry date calculated to be not less than 2 years.

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