جدول المحتويات

مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2016 المجلد: 12 العدد: 4 - part 1

Article
Anatomical and Palynological Study of Myrtus communis L.
دراسة تشريحية وحبوب لقاح لنبات الياس .Myrtus communis L

المؤلفون: Muazaz A. AL-Hadeethi معزز عزيز الحديثي
الصفحات: 1-15
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الخلاصة

This study detailed the properties of epidermis, leaf transverse sections, petioles and stems of the genus Myrtus communis L. belong the Myrtaceae family. It was clear that the particular anatomical characteristic were noteworthy and very important of this species, like as the multilayered cortex rich of wide idioblasts and taniniferous cells and the cells are a lot of druses crystals, oil pits situated close to both surfaces and unicellular hairs, likewise druses crystals are extremely regular in this species in the epidermis and cortex of leaf, petiole and stem too. The leaf blade has increase in cuticle thickness due to that epidermis waxen in this species.The pollen morphology of this species was elliptical in equatorial side and triangular in polar side also the apertures were tricolporate, mostly syncolpate also the pollen grain narrow colpi.


Article
Evaluation of the Role of Immunoglobulins IgG,IgM and Complement Proteins C4,C3 on some Burn patients in Baquba City
تقييم دور الغلوبيولينات المناعية IgM ,IgG وبروتينات المتمم C4,C3 في بعض المصابين بالحروق في مدينة بعقوبة

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted at Baquba hospital education in Diyala province during the time confined from 1/10/2014 to 1/ 7/2015 and this study included two groups, patients group : consist of 70 patients who are Admitted to burn ward 33 (47.14%) females and 37 (52.85%) males, and a control group : Healthy people, consisted of 30 people 14 (46.66%) female and 16 (53.33%) male. The results of IgG concentration showed significant differences in female patients with range (1103.02 mg/dl) and males (1136.05 mg/dl) compared to a control group of females with range (977.90 mg/dl ) and males (1038.00 mg/dl ). While results of IgM concentration showed significant differences in female patients with range (242.84 mg/dl ) and males (233.50 mg/dl ) compared to the control group. females (124.37 mg/dl ) and males (93.10 mg/dl ). While the results of C3 concentration showed significant differences in group of patients. While the results of C4 concentration showed significant differences in female patients with range (mg/dl 41.31) and males (37.78 mg/dl ) compared to the control group females (24.62 mg/dl ) and males (25.50 mg/dl ).


Article
Evaluation the Role of interlukins10 and 18 in Some Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Diayla Governorate
تقييم دور البين الابيضاضي 10 و 18 في بعض المرضى المصابين بداء السكري النوع الثاني في محافظة ديالى

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الخلاصة

Diabetes Mellitus type II is a chronic disease characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion and insulin action or both . this study was conducted in the Diyala province for the diabetes patients type II for the period from beginning October 2014 to the end of May 2015 which aimed to determine the levels of some Interleukins (IL-18 , IL-10 ) in diabetic II patients . A total of (106) a blood sample was collected from patients with diabetes type two after diagnosis by a physician specialist in the clinic consulting in Baquba teaching hospital according to the criteria adopted by the World Health Organization for the diagnosis of diabetes type two , has been the number of males (52 and the number of females (54 ) within the age rang (35-80) years and collected (60) of blood sample from healthy volunteers ostensibly have been accredited as a group control matched with patients , has been the number of males (35) and the number of females is (25) within the age rang (30-72) years . Results of the study showed that the incidence of the disease rate among females (50.94)% than males (49.06)% , has found that age group (52-60, 60<) years show a high rate of disease (33.02)% and (35.85)% respectively recorded a lowest rate of disease while the age group (30-40) years percentage (6.60)% lowest rate of infection. , The results of the current study showed high level of IL-18 in patients (201.42 ± 188.21) pg/ml compared to the control group ( 62.86 ±35.73) pg/ml and the level of IL-10 the results showed a low level of the IL-10 in patients ( 63.83 ± 59.10 ) pg/ml compared to the control group (73.92 ± 21.93 ) pg/ml .


Article
Micro Morphological Leaf Epidermis Characters and Palynological Studies in four Taxa of Convolvulaceae by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
دراسة الصفات المظهرية الدقيقة لبشرة الورقة وحبوب اللقاح لاربعة مراتب من العائلة العليقية بواسطة المجهر الالكتروني الماسح

المؤلفون: Aseel Kadhim AL- Anbari أسيل كاظم الانباري
الصفحات: 16-31
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الخلاصة

Micromorphology of leaf epidermis, and pollen grain of Convolvulus arvensis L., Convolvulus pilosellifolium Desr., Cressa cretica L., and Cuscuta spp (Convolvulaceae) were investigated under scanning electron microscope(SEM), cuticle layer appeared as crossing or parallel filament zones, epidermis cells unequal in shape and size, mostly the cells of the adaxial are larger than the abaxial epidermis. Paracytic stomata occurring in both side except genus Cressa cretica no stomata in adaxial side, C. pilosellifolium has two types of trichomes appeared on abaxial side, unicellular and peltate glandular trichomes. pollen grains of all studied taxa were monad, radial symmetry and isopolar. The pollen grains generally were tricolporate, small to medium in size, The shape were prolate, micro reticulate sculpturing.


Article
The Effect of Pathogenic Bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis on some Biological Parameters for Dacus ciliatus (Diptera : Tephritidae)
تأثير البكتيريا الممرضة Bacillus thuringiensis في بعض المقاييس الحياتية لذبابة ثمار القرعيات (Diptera : Tephritidae ) Dacus ciliatus

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الخلاصة

This study included the isolation of pathogenic bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis from different environmental sources in Diyala province, diagnosis biochemical ways, Mar 50 samples of the bacteria collected from different soils, namely, (agricultural soils and garden soils and non-agricultural soils) as well as from the water, from five districts in the province of Diyala (Baquba, Khalis, Muqdadiyah, Khanaqin, Balad Ruz) for the period from 1 9 2014 to 20 11 2014. the biochemical results Showed diagnosis and the presence of four samples and by percent 7.8% It was of a negative for transplantation bacterial and 46 sample growth by percent 90.1% It was of a growth positive for transplantation bacterial and found that 41 samples of which by percent 80.3% belong to the genus Bacillus and the species of Bacillus thuringiensis and the percentage of bacteria isolated of agricultural soils 94% and soils garden 93% and water 75%, and soils non-agricultural 44%. The results of test the effect of bio-preparation of these bacteria on the eggs of age (1-2)was significant, Since the highest rate of hatchling (1-2) and by (89%) at a concentration of 1 g / l of bio- preparation for the bacteria B. thuringiensis and lowest hatchling (0.6) and by (19%) at a concentration of 5 g / L of bio- preparation B. thuringiensis in comparison with control (3.2) and by (96%), and The results of test the effect of bio-preparation of these bacteria on the last larval phase was significant, The highest the value of the rate of highest (2.0) and by (99%) at a concentration of 5 g / L of bio- preparation for the bacteria B. thuringiensis and The less the value of the rate of loss (0.5) and by (26%) at 1g / L of bio- preparation for the bacteria B. thuringiensis concentration compared with the control treatment (0.07) and by (%3).


Article
The Role of Plasma Homocysteine Level in Leukemia Disease and its Relationship with the Blood Component The White Blood Cell and Hemoglobin in Patients Tikrit-Iraq
دور مستوى الهوموسستين في امراض اللوكيميا وعلاقتة مع مكونات الدم كريات الدم البيضاء والهيموغلوبين في مرضى تكريت العراق

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الخلاصة

Overall this paper to investigate the relation Homocysteine (Hcy), WBC, and Hemoglobin with Leukemia (Blood cancer) disease.Studies of Iraqi men in Tikrit Hospital. Leukemia and is characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood cells, white blood cells (leukocytes). Objectives: To investigate homocysteine levels in Leukemia disease and its relationship with White blood cells(WBC) and Hemoglobin (Hb)( repeated).Methods: This investigation performed as a case control study for two groups as 40 Leukemia patients and 25 as a control. Patients for two group in Tikrit-Iraq. Leukemia patients were selected based on the criteria of the American Psychological Association. plasma homocysteine level were measured by HPLC method at UV detector 338nm WBC and Hb were measured by method Manual blood count Hemacytometer is a counting chamber according to WHO. Results: 40 Patients in group1 plasma Homocysteine was 21.15±8.9 μmol/L, but in control group plasma Homocysteine was 12.00±4.33 (p=0.83). The average plasma homocysteine level in the group 2 of patients was 10.56±3.99μmol/L, Homocysteine in the control group 2 was 28.11±9.75μmol/l, (p=0.78). Conclusion: The average plasma homocysteine level in Leukemia patients was higher than in the control group; however, it shows a significant relationship with the WBC and Hb.


Article
Used Pollen Grains As Taxonomic Evidence of Some Wild Species of Genus Iris L. (Iridaceae) Growing in Iraq
استعمال حبوب اللقاح كدالة تصنيفية لبعض الانواع من جنس السوسن .Iridaceae) Iris L) النامية بريا في العراق

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الخلاصة

The study included use of pollen grains of 8 species of the genus Iris L. belonging to Iridaceae wild growing in Iraq, I.aucheri، I.barnumae، I.caucasica، I.germanica، I.persica ، I.pseudocaucasica ، I.madonna ، I.reticulata and used as evidences to classify the genus taxa , were examined by light microscope L.M. and scanning electron microscope S.E.M. , As it was divided the species in to two groups based on presence or absence of the aperture and the shape of the pollen, including the exine ornamentation and the pollen wall, it was reticulate and semitectate columellate for all species .

الكلمات الدلالية

Iridaceae --- Iris --- Pollen grains --- Iridaceae --- Iris --- حبوب اللقاح


Article
Effect of Doping and Annealing Temperatures of Structural Properties of SnO2 Nanoparticles
تأثير التشويب ودرجة حرارة التلدين عل الخواص التركيبية لأوكسيد القصدير النانوي SnO2

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الخلاصة

Nano particles powders of SnO2 and Sn1-xNixO2 (x = 0.10 and 0.15) used in this study are synthesized by sol-gel method. The prepared powders were annealed at 400℃ and 700℃, then characterized their x-ray structure, FTIR and SEM. From, the structural study their grain size by Debye-Scherrer and Williamson-Hall equations, lattice parameters, unit cell volume ,crystal density, internal strain, dislocations density, surface area , and number of unit cells were calculated for different annealing temperatures as well as for doping variations. Single-phase of SnO2 tetragonal structure is confirmed from a very small variation of structural parameters with annealing temperature. Spherical particles in the nanoscale level, with the size increasing as annealing temperature increase and decrease with doping percentage increase at the same temperature are observed from XRD results. While FTIR study revealed the distortion of the SnO2 octahedron. Scanning electron microscopy SEM revealed a morphology of fully dense of SnO2 and that doped samples at 15% which annealed at 400ºC and 700ºC. While energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy EDX presented the percentages of Sn, Ni and minor oxygen concentration.


Article
Study The Bacterial Content Of The Local Pocessed Meat (Albastirma)
دراسة المحتوى البكتيري للحم المقدد المحلي (الباسطرمة)

المؤلفون: Sudad Jasim Mohammed سداد جاسم محمد
الصفحات: 52-59
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study was carried out to investigate the microbial content of the bacon meat (Albastirma) which available in the Iraqi market to ensure the safety of food provided to the consumer protection by ensuring free meat cured of harmful bacteria as well as to contain the acceptable bacteria ratios by comparing the meat models bacon (Albastirma) nd the extent of compliance with the Iraqi standard specification. Elven bacon meat samples were collected From local markets in Baghdad city. Bacteriological tests were conducted including :Total count of bacteria, Fecal coliform counting, counting Staphylococcus, Salmonella .Results of bacteriological examinations reveal the total number of bacteria in the trademark (F8) total was 23×106 cfu/g and while the lowest number in the trademark (F10) total was 31 × 103 cfu / g, also reached the highest number of Coliform 23 × 103 cfu / g in the trademark (F2) while the fewest amount of this bacteria 11 × 102 cfu / g in Mark (F4), while deserted brands (F11, F10, F9, F6, F5 , F3, F1) of these bacteria. It shows that the highest number of Staphylococcus 14 × 104 cfu / g in the trademark (F2), less the number of Staphylococcus in the trademark (F11) total was 2 × 101 cfu / g. Salmonella spp. were detected in three brand namely (F2, F4 , F8) .


Article
Mechanical Properties of Epoxy/TiO2-SiO2 Hybrid Nano-Composites
الخصائص الميكانيكية لمتركبات الايبوكسي/ ثاني أوكسيد التيتانيوم ثاني أوكسيد السيليكون النانوية - الهجينة

المؤلفون: Khalid R. Al-Rawi خالد رشاد الراوي
الصفحات: 59-69
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we attempt to improve the mechanical properties of epoxy resin by adding TiO2 and SiO2 with varying compositions ( 0, 1, 2, 3 ,and 4 wt %) respectively. Also epoxy hybrid nanocomposites containing different shape nano fillers of TiO2:SiO2 composites, with ratio (1:1) , were prepared with varying compositions (0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 wt%).The mechanical properties of composites such impact ,wearing, and fatigue are investigated as mechanical properties.


Article
Questionnaire Study of the Health Awareness of the Secondary Students Concerning the Cutaneous Lieshmaniasis in Baquba city
دراسة استبيانية عن الوعي الصحي لطلبة المدارس الإعدادية حول اللشمانيا الجلدية في مدينة بعقوبة

المؤلفون: Abdul-Razak Shafiq Hasan عبدالرزاق شفيق حسن
الصفحات: 60-72
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الخلاصة

Cutaneous Lieshmaniasis is a parasitic infection caused by unicellular flagellate called lieshmania tropica, which is transmitted by the bite of sand fly, the vector. According to W.H.O estimates more than 350 million persons are Vulnerable for infection by this parasite annually. This study was carried out in Baquba city for the period from April to June 2015, it includes 500 secondary school students of both sexes, and from rural and urban areas. The age range was 16-22 years. A special question are from was constructed for this purpose containing 14 multiple choice questions regarding the parasite transmission, disease, and methods of protection. The results revealed that level of the leads education regarding this subject was fair, however, spreading of these health information among students is recommended.


Article
Comparative Treatment of Scaly Face (Mange) Mites in Budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) by ointment prepared from Calvatia craniiformis mushroom powder with Promectine
مقارنة علاج حلم الوجه القشري (الجرب) في طيور الحب Melopsittacus undulatus بالمرهم المحضر من مسحوق الفطر Calvatia craniformis و promectin

المؤلفون: Ghassan H. Jameel غسان حمدان جميل
الصفحات: 70-82
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الخلاصة

In this study, thirty Budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) with Knemidocoptes pilae infection were treated with three ointments in different concentrations prepared from Calvatia craniiformis mushroom in comparison with common antiparasitic drug promectine locally. Each concentration (0.12.5, 0. 25 and 0.5)% was applied to 5 Budgerigars from the first group each 72 hours at 12 days intervals. Also the promectine was injected subcutaneously twice to 15 Budgerigars(second group) at 12 intervals. Clinical signs in all birds of both groups disappeared at 13-35 days after treatment. The 0.5% was significantly different at (p <0.05) from other concentrations when compared with promectine. No side effects were seen.


Article
Institution of Education Rankings by Data Envelopment Analysis
ترتيب المؤسسات التعليمية وفقا لتحليل مغلف البيانات "DEA"

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الخلاصة

The purpose of this paper was measuring the efficiency of the education system, to demonstrate the strengths and weaknesses in order to consolidate the strengths and address the proposal to axes imbalance within an application methodology of total quality management “TQM”To diagnose the level of efficiency of the Collages of the University of Baghdad and the exploitation of its resources "inputs" to maximize output through the use of quantitative method knows data envelopment analysis it was mathematic techniques non parametric depends on linear programming which is on of important application of operation research /Quantitative management,As this technique provides an objective evaluation of a number of similar institutions with each other. This paper aims to adopt the arrangement or classification of "Ranking" for the purpose of measuring and evaluating the efficiency of the performance of the collages of the University of Baghdad Based on the results of supper-efficiency calculated and full of coated data envelopment analysis model (DEA) In order to utilize them in developing a plan to improve as well as optimal utilization of resources.


Article
Investigation of Burcella spp. from Locally Produced Cheeses in Baquba city- Iraq
التحري عن انواع جراثيم البروسيلا المعزولة من الجبن المحلي في مدينة بعقوبة - العراق

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الخلاصة

Brucellosis is considered as one of the most important infectious diseases. This disease caused by different species of Brucella. The main source of human brucellosis are dairy products , especially cheese made from unpasteurized raw milk. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Brucella spp. From locally produced cheese “Gibin Al-Arab” made from unpasteurized milk in Baquba city. For this purpose, a total of fifty cheese sample was collected from street shops of the old town in Baquba, from May 2015 till September 2015. Conventional culture method has been used in the isolation. Brucella spp. has been detected at the rates of 12% and were distributed in to two species, B. melitensis 8%, the rest were identified as B. abortus at rate of 4%, Consequently It has been accepted that fresh cheese “Gibin Al-Arab” samples are contaminated with B. abortus and B. melitensis . This study was conducted at the laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Pathological analysis, Baquba Technical Institute, Middle Technical University. Diyala-Iraq.


Article
Reproductive Performance Improvement in Awassi Ewes by using Ascorbic acid and B-Complex Vitamins During Postpartum Period
تحسين ألأداء ألتناسلي في ألنعاج العواسي باستخدام فيتامين سي وفيتامين بي ألمركب خلال فترة ما بعد ألولادة

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted on 44 Awassi ewes (40 days postpartum period) from Nov. 2014 – July 2015, their ages ranged from 2-4 years old in farm animals of Al-Musiab technical institute/Al-Forat aAl-Awsat University –Babylon province. These animal were divided randomly in to equal 4 groups (11 ewes/groups) dependent on the type of the treatment, 1st group treated by one gm vitamin C daily/orally for 20 days, 2nd group treated by one gm of vitamin B-complex/orally for 20 days, 3rd treaded with mixed one gm vitamin c + one gm vitamin B-complex in the same dose one (gm daily /orally for 20 days also, but the 4th group represented control group (Untreated). All experimented animals exposed to fertile rams (3rams aged 2-4 years) daily after ceased treatment. The response for different treatment (estrous showing) was recorded highly significant different(p<0.01) for 3rd groups (90.9) compared with other groups while the duration of response was 10.26±3.14 days, 16.52±2.,36, 8.24±3.21 and 66.47±11.54 in the 1st,2nd, 3rd and 4th groups respectively with highly significant difference (p<0.01) of 1st and 3rd groups compared with 2nd and 4th groups but the pregnancy rate was recorded 100% in 3rd groups and 87.5%, 85.7% and 87.5% in the 1st,2nd ,4th groups respectively, while the twining rate in the treated groups was recorded highly significant differences( p<0.01) compared with control groups. While the progesterone and estrogen serum levels significantly (p<0.01) higher in treated groups in compare with control groups . concluded that the using of vitamin C, vitamin B-complex alone or together give significant results for improvement of reproductive performance include response animals (induced estrous) and reduce the duration of response as well as increasing pregnancy and twining rate in Awassi ewes.


Article
Evaluation of Rubella Antibodies among Women Imminant Marriage in AL- Khalis Province in Diyala Governorate in Iraq
تقدير الاجسام المضادة للحصبة الالمانية بين النساء المقبلات على الزواج في قضاء الخالص في محافظة ديالى في العراق

المؤلفون: Ansam Dawood Salman انسام داود سلمان
الصفحات: 101-112
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الخلاصة

Rubella is an acute viral disease that its pathogenesis is usually mild and self-limiting. The importance of this disease its complications for fetus during pregnancy represented by congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). The present study was conducted for the period from first of November of 2014 to 30th August of 2015 in AL- Khalis province in Diyala governorate in Iraq. The study aimed to determining the rate of Rubella-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in women who get marriage. The study included 150 women who get marriage. The mean age was 22± 4.6 years (13-49). Demographic information on women regarding age, residence and level of education were collected from their women. Serum specimens were collected for each woman. Detection of Rubella-specific IgM and IgG was done by Enzyme Linked Immune Sorbent assay (ELISA) test. The results of the present study showed that the 42 women (28%) were anti-RV IgG positive and 108 (72%) were anti-RV IgG negative. While, only 13 women (8.7%) were anti-RV IgM positive and 137(91.3%) were anti-RV IgM negative. There was significant correlation in seropositivity of RV between age group (20-29) years (27%) for anti-RV IgG and (10%) for anti-RV IgM with other age groups. The results revealed insignificantly correlation between urban and rural residence, (33.3%) for anti-RV IgG and (9.5%) for anti-RV IgM. Significant correlation positivity was reported (95.2%) of women for anti-RV IgG and (23.8%) for anti-RV IgM in women with primary school of level of education. In conclusion, am recommended that working similar studies need to be done in other parts of the Diayla governorate. Additionally, the present study recommended that rubella virus vaccination should be considered carefully in Iraq and other developing countries, because of the high seropositivity to RV in our region.


Article
A Clinical Study of Diabetes Mellitus Type II and its Association with Bacterial Infections
دراسة سريرية لمرض السكري النوع الثاني وارتباطه بالاخماج البكتيرية

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out at the Al-Nasiriyah Centre for Endocrinology and Diabetes for the period from 10th October 2013 to 3rd September 2014. It was conducted to determine the causal factors of diabetes mellitus type II at Thi-Qar province south of Iraq. The results showed that the incidence of diabetes was high among females (54%). The results also showed that the highest rate (30%) of the diabetes among age group 49-59 years that they have symptoms of diabetes but they have not a history of diabetes (51%). The highest incidence of diabetes was among smoker patients (64%), that the distribution of diabetes among urban was high (62%) than rural (38%). In addition, pathogenic bacteria were isolated from diabetic patients from different infectious sites such as urinary tract, wound and respiratory tract infections. Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae were isolated at high percentage respectively, while the most bacterial isolates showed resistance to Ampicillin and Amoxycillin, but other isolates showed sensitive to Amikacin, Cefotaxime, Azithromycin and Cefixime. The results from published reports as well as our data suggest that good control of blood sugar in diabetic patients is a necessary aim to prevent of certain infections and to ensure maintenance of normal host defence.


Article
Spatial Variation of Monthly Temperatures as an Indicator of Climatic Change in Iraq
التباين المكاني لدرجات الحرارة الشهرية بإعتبارها مؤشرا للتغيرات المناخية في العراق

المؤلفون: Basim Ibraheem Wahab باسم ابراهيم وهاب
الصفحات: 126-146
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الخلاصة

Climatic change is one of the most important topics at the world. Temperature plays a major role in detecting climate change. The aim’s study is determining the spatial and temporal variation of the temperature through the period of about 72 years (1941 - 2013). The researcher choose (Mosul, Baghdad, Basra) stations to represent all of Iraq area. The study adopted the analysis method, and then determines the trend of temperature. It turned out. Through, the study that the world temperature tends to increase, which turned out to that it is better to divide the study period into two stages. To illustrate the extent, of the existence of differences, it has been turned out there is an increase in temperature, but the increase in the first period (1941 - 1976). Was less than a second term (1977 - 2013), there are also increasing in temperatures less direction from southern Iraq to the north.


Article
Effect of Coca Cola Consumption on Urinary Crystals Formation and Some Blood Biochemical Parameters
تأثير استهلاك الكوكا كولا على تكوين بلورات في الادرار وعلى بعض المعايير الكيوحيوية في الدم

المؤلفون: Israa A. Mohammed Jumaah اسراء أنور محمد جمعة
الصفحات: 147-159
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الخلاصة

Coca cola consumption is widely distributed in recent years, therefore the study aimed to detect the side effects of coca cola intake on urinary crystals formation and some blood biochemical parameters including serum total calcium, ionized calcium, phosphorus ,uric acid and albumin. Blood and urine samples were collected from healthy volunteers who are divided into three groups :group 1 who drink 1 can (200ml) coca cola daily. Group 2 who drink 2 can or more (400ml) coca cola daily. These results compared with control( group 3) who didn't drink soft beverages . All parameters were determined in blood samples using spectrophotometer while urine samples examined under microscope. The results revealed significant (p<0.01 ) increase in serum phosphorus ,albumin and uric acid in group 1and 2 compared to control group and significant decrease in serum total, corrected and ionized calcium in group 2 compared to control group. When compare between group1 and 2 the results revealed significant differences in serum total ,corrected ,ionized calcium and uric acid .Urine examination results appeared 39.1% of uric acid crystal and 30.4 % of amorphous urate crystals in group 1 while in group 2 drinking coca cola contribute to increased combined crystal formation which recorded uric acid with amorphus urate crystals 30% followed 15% of each Calcium oxalate with triple phosphate and Uric acid with triple phosphate. Conclusion: drinking coca cola in large quantities for long period effect ionized calcium and may lead to osteoporosis, kidney stone formation and decline in kidney function.


Article
Inhibition of Mitotic Index and Proliferation of Cell Line H22 by Alkaloids Extraction from Isatis tinctoria
تثبيط مؤشر الانقسام وتكاثر الخلايا السرطانية H22 بواسطة القلويدات المستخلصة من نبات الوسمة Isatis tinctoria

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الخلاصة

Alkaloids extraction from Isatis tinctoria inhibited H22 cell line (hepatic cell line ) proliferation by inducing mitotic index at the metaphase/ anaphase boundary. Half-maximal inhibition of cell proliferation occurred at 8 nM alkaloids, and mitosis was half-maximally block 8 nM alkaloids. Formation of an incomplete metaphase plate of chromosomes was associated with inhibition of mitosis and an altered arrangement of spindle microtubules that strongly resembled the organization abnormal that occurs with little concentrations of alkaloids extraction of plant and other antimitotic compounds. No increase in spindle microtubule occurred below 10 nM alkaloids extract. The results indicate that alkaloids shares a common antiproliferative mechanism with extraction alkaloids . The mass of spindle microtubules increased half-maximally at 80 nM alkaloids and attained maximal levels at 33 nM alkaloids extract .At submicromolar concentrations, bovine brain tubulin in a manner that resemble suppression suppressed growing and shortening by extract alkaloids for Isatis tinctoria at the ends of microtubules reassembled in vitro. The alkaloids was concentrated in H22 cells several hundredfold. At its lowest effective concentrations, alkaloids appears to block mitosis by stabilizing spindle microtubules kinetically and not by changing the mass of microtubules polymerized.

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