Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552 265X /25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Contact info

Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2016 volume:1 issue:219

Article
Identity Crisis in the critical discour
أزمة الهوية في الخطاب النقديّ العربيّ

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Abstract

The challenge facing our nation at the level of identity and privacy of the most dangerous forms of the challenge and the most lethal in the entity of the nation, and it seems this fresh in the social, political and economic aspects illustrated at its peak in the intellectual, literary and cultural aspects, and tools responsible for evaluating namely Monetary who is suffering from a crisis of identity and belonging .otbdo the features of this crisis in several directions: those related to the impact of doctrines expatriate cash and curricula that are not consistent in its premises and perceptions and ideas with the nature of Arab literature and privacy, including with regard to the language of criticism itself transformed by the translator and the tendency philosophical to another crisis transformation without understanding the critical texts , with which it has complete chaos on the level of use of terms and localization adding new problematic and other crisis. This comes in the whole framework of the unclear position of heritage in general and monetary Heritage in particular.

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Article
A Psycholinguistic Analysis to King Henry the VIII’s Selected Poems and Lyrics
تحليل لغويّ نفسيّ لمختارات من الاشعار والاشعار المغنات للملك هنري الثامن

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Abstract

Reading and studying the early Renaissance, it might seem out of place to consider King Henry VIII as an author, or even to consider that a monarch such as Henry chose to occupy himself with writing. Yet it is not in the least odd that Henry wrote. Henry VIII was a man drawn to poetic expression, even spontaneously so. Reading King Henry the VIII’s character in history books reveal the fact that there was a foul poet aside, whose poetic indecency results in an increased distance from the monarch to something well known in the sixteenth and early-seventeenth centuries, but less so today: Henry’s literary pursuits, and particularly his love of lyrics as a writer, a composer, and a performer. In the present study, there is an attempt of revealing something of the Henry’s poetic character.

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Article
Domino, novel steganography system
الدومينو نظام إخفاء المعلومات الرواية

Authors: Nadia mohammed Abdulmajeed
Pages: 17-24
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Abstract

Primary objective of the proposed system is to achieve higher level of confidentiality in absence of standard encryption techniques which add up to complexity of the stego system. In this system the principle of dominoes is adopted in the way of the selection of the pixel of the image to hide the ciphertext. Where domino stones models are prepared in advance, which are two-dimensional matrices (2*6), and selecting one of them and start the projection of the model on the image and hide the ciphertext in the pixel corresponding to the points in the domino model Experimental results show that the proposed system effectively achieve the objective. Even though the proposed system gives good enhancement to the steganoraphy technique and there is no difference between the cover-image and the stego-image can be seen by the human vision system (HVS), so this method can be considered as a success and can be adopted in the field of steganography.

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Article
Expressionism in Susan Glaspell's Trifle
التعبيرية في مسرحية (الاشياء التافهة) لسوزان كلاسيل

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Abstract

The main purpose of this research paper is to show how Expressionism is influential to postwar American literature, especially to the one-act play entitled Trifles (1916) written by Susan Glaspell (1876-1948). America witnessed a new period of special culture and art during the second half of the twentieth century, especially after the second world war. The traditional forms of art have failed to satisfy the wishes and aspirations of the new artists who deliberately look for new forms to express their attitudes towards the new state of life to be lived after grave wars that have caused humanity great losses on many and various levels. Thus, they have felt the need to break away with the existing traditional modes of expression. Hence, there appears new dramatic movements like existentialism, surrealism and Expressionism. The latter movement advocates the expression of the enthusiastic emotional state of the artist reacting to the anxieties of the modern world. The title one-act play Trifles can be regarded as a very well example illustrating the aims of this new movement and anticipating its appearance.

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Article
Abstract of the Research Receive theory and aesthetics of Performance and application endoscopy
نظرية التلقي... جماليات الأداء تنظيرًا وتطبيقًا

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Abstract

Goes our search to make reading the receive theory and begin to enter into dialogue with them and discuss the details since its beginnings and the accountability of the philosophical and practical steps would also like that our research provides and analysis of the textual experience poet Mohammed Maghout one of the Pioneers of Arabic prose poem of our belief Textual analysis of the poem the poet and down to reveal cash fact associated with one of the most important cash curriculum postmodern. Which restored the Prestige of the recipient and the creative and focused on making material innovation provided to the recipient of the same receiver did not stop in front of inconclusive end to it Valthalil and Monetary open courtyard of the critic and the recipient of the poem diverse and creative works. Find the oretical and applied to gether and did not lose sight of detail in what it says founding curriculum (Lyawas and WISER) Pole Constance German School and the separation of their theory of the American reception and we have found that the Prose style of writing poetic Arabic new and Problematic and the need for testing we chose the receiving theory so in furtherance of the destination of the cash we look.

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Article
Investigating Dyslexia Among Iraqi EFL University Students
دراسة ظاهرة عسر القراءة عند متعلمي اللغة الانكليزية كلغة اجنبية في المستوى الجامعيّ

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Abstract

Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. It refers to a bunch of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, mainly reading. Students with dyslexia may experience difficulties in other language skills such as spelling, writing, and speaking. It is necessary here to clarify exactly what is meant by Dyslexia as a life-long condition; however its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life. To achieve the aim of the research, a sample of (122) first year students of English language Department / College of Education for Humanities/ Diyala University are considered to be the subjects of this research. A scaled questionnaire as an instrument of measurement is used in this research to be an investigatory tool. The results of this research prove that the hypothesis of this study is verified and accepted which reads that some Iraqi EFL students have dyslexia and undiagnosed by teachers and can be manifested in reading, writing and speaking learning difficulties they have.

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Article
The borrowing from legacy in the novel of the novelist (Hadiya Hussein) (Riyam &enough)
التناص التراثي (في رواية (ريام وكفى)* للروائية (هدية حسين

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Abstract

Writing any text is not possible without making use of previous &contemporal texts because any creative writer has previous knowledge &many experiences. Literary theft represents presence of mutual experiences between past &present between experiences of writer &experiences of other writers. The novelist (Hadiya Hussein) in her novel (Riyam &enough) made use of heritage of songs of children in her novel &gave it deep dimension for social relations in events of novel. The novelist (Hidaya Hussein) could use her artistic tools in her novel to make conflict of characters clear explain the cultural&psychological levels of novel characters.

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Article
. Food as a Means of Defining One's Identity and Culture in Selected Works of Arab-American Women Writers
الطعام كوسيلة لتعريف هوية وحضارة المرء في اعمال مختارة لكاتبات عرب- اميريكيات

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Abstract

This research is an attempt to emphasize the connection between food, identity and culture in Arab-American women's writings. Many of the poems and short stories scattered throughout this research describe the ways in which the tastes and thoughts of certain foods arouse nostalgic feelings of cultural roots and thus approve the imminent usefulness and benefits of food as a means of defining the Arab identity and culture in the American melting pot.

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Article
Investigating Iraqi EFL Intermediate School Teachers' Perceptions toward Using Language Games for Learning English
استقصاء اراء مدرسي اللغة الانكليزية العراقيين في المدارس المتوسطة نحو استخدام العاب اللغة في تعليم اللغة الانكليزية

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Abstract

One useful strategy to encourage learning a foreign language is using language games .Using games in language learning is not restricted to any classroom size. Employing games is beneficial for all students since it helps them to view the language as a living means of communication, enables them to try and use it without the feeling of being assessed according to their language skills and at the same time learn useful parts of the language and reinforce knowledge they have already gained. The study aims at investigating Iraqi EFL intermediate school teachers' perceptions toward using language games for learning English. To fulfill the aim of the present study, a sample of (85) EFL intermediate school teachers taken randomly from different schools . To achieve the aim of the study , teachers' questionnaire consists of (43) items is applied as instruments .From the analysis of the data, a t-test analysis shows a statistically significant difference according to teacher perceptions toward using language game. It is recommended to use games since they are very effective especially for the intermediate school and games are helpful for the teacher as a procedure for learning language .

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Article
Evidence in Al- Quran
الدلالة في غرر الآيات القرآنية

Pages: 75-94
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Abstract

The research includes evidence was studying two evidences from al-Quran it was (55) The mark After (200) from Al- Bakra and evidences (59) from Al, Anaam in clude. This study on: The First: The Dictionary evidence which included. The vocabulary evidence (as life and stay) also a difference between chair and throne. The Second: The evidence grammar which in clued strustures evidence the perfect. Predicates which the name Sentence and verb sentence and verb sentence expected and in clued subjected grammar question con formation in traducing and delaying. This is from research in the evidence many type in the mark debutante and news and Adjective important showed on it from the results which areached.

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Article
Sibling Relationships As Depicted In Sam Shepard’s Play True West
العلاقات الأخوية كما تظهر في مسرحية سام شيبرد (الغرب الحقيقي)

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Abstract

Sam Shepard (1943- ) is one of the most prominent modern American playwrights. Up till now he has written almost 50 plays. He has gained a reputation as one of America's foremost living playwrights. His works have found deep spirit in the nation’s cultural imagination as he has spoken in a convincing way to American theatre audience. The family relationship is one of the American myths. Besides, Fathers escaping to another land, brothers fighting brothers and mothers as off-stage voices or oppressive presences are some of the themes dealt with in modern American plays. This study deals with sibling relationships as depicted in Sam Shepard’s play True West. This play is concerned with two brothers who strive to understand each other but they represent totally contrast types, so the play ends with a never-ending conflict. The absence of the father, and the partial absence of the mother, besides the continuous struggle and misunderstanding of the two brothers show the broken or weak relationships between them.

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Article
It looks closer to explain Ibn Aqeel Grammatical and Critical Study
نظرات فاحصة في شرح ابن عقيل (دراسة نحوية نقدية)

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Abstract

(Analytic views in Ibn Akeel's book ) According Ibn Malik's one-thousand poem , many linguists have studied it. Ibn AKeel's explanation is more attractive than the others . this makes the universities and relogions schools in the Arab Home land . the poem was taught the students who study grammar . This subject is taught in the college of education ,The Iraqi university . The Iraqi universities . This research explains some problems faced by the learner of grammar .The researcher:dr.Talib Alwad.

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Article
On The Impact of Cultural reference in BBC`s Business Articles
أثر الاشارات الثقافية في نصوص بي بي سي الاقتصادية في المتلقّي

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Abstract

Business texts are included within the informative texts which are the texts whose primary goal is to provide information. They usually include explanations, descriptions, analysis and expository details and examples. The research focuses on the business reports provided by the BBC. The business service in the BBC provides a complete coverage of the market data, economy, companies, technology of business and the entrepreneurship. In this research business reports have been chosen to examine the employment of cultural concepts and the impact a definite culture may have within the frame of highly informative texts; i.e. the business texts. This research is concerned with (business journalism) which covers news and features articles about people, places, and issues related to business. Business journalists may also cover processes, trends, consequences, and important people. The use of cultural concepts in business reports is not one of the main features of the language of business, but it is much related to the traits of journalism with its main goal of capturing the reader`s attention. what the research seeks is the impact of such use of cultural concepts on the understanding of business information.

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Article
Alginieloggio using deductive approach in the interpretation of religious texts
المنهج الاستنباطي باستخدام الجينيالوجيا في تفسير النصوص الدينية

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Abstract

The question of the interpretation of the sacred texts is generally summarized in the thesis “all is interpretation”. This passage must be contextualized to know of which type of interpretation it acts. interpretation must attempt to discover the true direction and not to reveal a truth. the coran with an external appearance and a depth hidden. A direction exoteric " to tafsir " and an esoteric direction " ta' wil ". To discover hidden direction, I used the means of research the Genealogy. The Genealogy means " list of the member of a family establishing a filiation ". May h here means to find the face hidden of the text. The Genealogy does not stop with p problem finding origins with values morals, but finding before the demonstration. I took as sample or a " example; birth of Shiism " , then I applied the Genealogy to s study this so complex historical event, and I got results original.

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Article
Features of political discourse In Russian language
خصائص الخطاب السياسيّ في اللغة الروسية

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Abstract

Political discourse is a complex object of studying, "it is the intersection of different fields like: political science, social psychology, linguistics. It has the analysis of form, objectives and content of used in certain (" political ") situations." According to researchers AN Baranov and EG Kazakevich, political discourse forms a "total speeches, acts used in political discussions, as well as rules of public policy expertise." The public purpose of political discourse - to convince recipients with a "political corrects" political evaluations.

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Article
الرثاء في شعر الخنساء بين الجاهلية والإسلام

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Khansa one of the Arab poets realized that ignorance and Islam It includes the contents of the notice of pride and self-pity The predominantly lamentation proud of what happened to her in her life from the death of her two brothers Fedor more poems lament about her brother in ignorance and Islam So this article want to study in self-pity look ignorant and Islamists Through poems Khansa And access to the difference between ideas In these two eras and influence of Islam upon it and ideas.

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Article
The Psychological Meaning in the Glorious Quran: Semiotic Communication Approach
الدلالة النفسية في القرآن الكريم... مقاربة في سيمياء التواصل

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Abstract

The mechanisms of the production of various meanings and how they are received by the recipient have been widely discussed in the literature, including the study of usool (principles of jurisprudence), fiqh (jurisprudence), rhetoric and linguistics. The old scholars, particularly those specialized in principles of jurisprudence, paid special attention to the study of meaning with the aim of understanding the intended meanings of religious texts and the jurisdical rulings based on them. In the modern age, the theories of semantics and meaning production have developed considerably. The lexical meaning of a single word often seems easy to grasp, but the various meanings, particularly the psychological ones, generated by the lexical meanings in different contexts, are of the greatest importance to the fixation of certain intended meanings of different texts in the addressee's mind. The following are the most important questions that the present paper raises and attempts to answer, or opens a horizon to answer: - What is a psychological meaning? - Who determines it: the sender, the recipient, or both of them? - Does it differ from one recipient to another? Why? - Can it be controlled and framed like a lexical meaning? - Can some single words carry by themselves "seeds" for psychological meaning, to be used in certain contexts? Or do single words have no effect on the process of psychological meaning generation?

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Article
Doors Triple act in the data and study area
أبوابُ الفعل الثلاثيّ دراسة في المعطيات و المجال

Authors: م.م. مرتضى جليل طاهر
Pages: 183-204
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Abstract

Try in this study can give a clear picture on the doors and the different linguistic levels and the statement of its impact on communication and connotations industry, according to morphological Code, and Maatih her from the field in Altvkraallgoa with evoke examine assets data doors and re-considered approach touch her subject dealing the Principles of Scientific Research .

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Article
Artistic Structure in Jaleel Al-Qaisi's Plays: Evening Graveyard as a Case Study
البناء الفني في مسرحيات جليل القيسيّ مسرحيته (في المقبرة مساءً) أنموذجاً

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Abstract

Search got up on the technical construction of the theater, which define the body integrated text itself, which consists of clear elements a special arrangement, according to special rules to certain influential happening in the same scenes. I have chosen the famous author (Jalil al-Qaisi) to search for artistic construction in the play ( In The Evening Cemetery ) a model. After the piece I talked about the concept of the building the theater and give a brief on then analyzed characteristics theatrical (man and woman) technically, aesthetic and focused my care at this point on the social aspect of the tow characters, the spectrum because realistic plays focus on the realistic side. To embody us in which a model of a human being who lives of the wishes and needs and the struggle for all these things.In addition to all the sense in the case of the mental disorder for each of the tow characters (man and woman). It must be the language of these tow figures high in the dialogue may be used by the writer (al-Qaisi) in order to reverse the culture of the tow characters. He focused on the structure of the dialogue including (question, answer, monologue, repetition and rhetorical images) to reflect through all of this technically and aesthetic characters in his play. In addition, the writer shows his superiority interest in language and expression of the case and the idea theatrical in an easy manner…

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