Table of content

Journal of Oral and Dental Research

مجلة طب الفم والاسنان

ISSN: 23106417
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research
Faculty:
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal of Oral and Dental Research (JODR) is an international peer‐reviewed scientific journal. The aim of the JODR is to publish high standard original papers related to dental, oral and craniofacial structures in health and disease. Basic research, clinical case studies and reviews will be considered for publication. The journal will be published biannually online. The JODR is the official journal for the Iraqi Association for Oral Research, the Iraqi Division of the International Association for Dental Research.
The publication will be on a rolling basis, with manuscripts being published on the site as soon as they make it through the peer-review process. This increases the exposure of the articles and keeps the JODR current. Manuscripts are now being accepted and submissions are welcome from authors from around the world, for basic research, case reports and literature reviews.

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Table of content: 2016 volume:3 issue:1

Article
Validity and Reliability of Full Cup Test in Pain Evaluation after Dental Surgery: A Comparison with Four Pain-Rating Scales in a Sample of Iraqi Patients

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Abstract

Objectives: Pain assessment by clinicians can be difficult as it is subjective and depends on the patient›s self-report. The aims of this study were to evaluate the validity and reliability of a pain-rating scale; the full cup test (FCT), and to compare its performance to other scales in assessing pain following dental surgery. The ease of using these pain scales were compared. Study design: Forty-three patients who have had different dental surgeries were included. All patients asked to complete five pain scales: Faces pain scale, numeric rating scale, visual analog scale, verbal rating scale, and FCT for seven consecutive days starting on the day of the surgery. The analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA test), correlation between different scales (Pearson correlation), and reliability (Cronbach alpha) of FCT were evaluated. Results: The scales correlated highly with each other (P < 0.001). The FCT was highly reliable (Cronbach›s Alpha= .970) and was found to be the easiest scale to use. Conclusion: The FCT is valid, reliable and relatively easy to use pain scale in this group of patients. It can be used to assess pain intensity interchangeably with other pain rating scales.


Article
“Is my eyesight gone?” Patient perspectives of orbital blow-out fractures

Authors: Faaiz Alhamdani --- Ian Corbett --- Justin Durham
Pages: 8-19
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Abstract

Purpose To understand patient’s experience with blow-out fracture of the orbit and its possible influence on management Design A purposive, non-probabilistic, sample of 21 patients treated in a secondary care hospital were interviewed. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim and data analysis continued until saturation. A framework approach was used to help organise the data and the principles of the constant comparison method were adopted to analyse the data. Findings Patients with blow-out fractures of the orbit perceived the diplopia associated with the injury as an eye injury with the potential for loss of vision. They found it difficult to relate such concerns with the clinical information described by surgeons and this, and the injury itself, negatively impacted on their everyday lives.


Article
Incidence and severity of pain following the usage of three different root canal instrumentation systems

Authors: Jamal A. Mehdi --- Ahmad H. Oubaid
Pages: 20-27
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Abstract

Introduction: Post-Operative pain is one of the most common issue that might happened during and after endodontic treatment, this prospective randomized clinical trial evaluated the incidence and severity of Post-Operative pain following root canal instrumentation using ProTaper Universal System, ProTaper Next system and WaveOne system. Methods: Ninety patients with asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis on their permanent molar teeth selected and distributed randomly into three different groups of 30 patients each, to have access opening and instrumentation at same visit, those patients were fitted with inclusive criteria that we put for this study. Group 1 instrumented with ProTaper system, Group 2 instrumented with ProTaper Next system and Group 3 instrumented with WaveOne system, all systems strictly followed manufacturing instruction. The assessment of Post-Operative pain carried out at day 1, 2, 3 and 7, using Verbal Rating Scale (4-point scale). Verbal Rating Scale pain score compared and analyzed using Chi-Square test. Result: total score for Verbal Rating scale (scores recorded for 4 days) showed significant difference among the groups (P < 0.05), there was a significant difference between ProTaper Next group and the other two group (ProTaper group and WaveOne group) (P < 0.05), while there was Non-significant difference between ProTaper System and WaveOne System (P ≥ 0.05). Conclusion: ProTaper next system caused the lowest incidence and severity of Post-Operative pain, WaveOne system caused the highest incidence and severity of Post-Operative pain.


Article
A new Approach to Extract Remaining Root Apex Using Modifed Elevator Design

Authors: Kamal Turki Aftan
Pages: 28-37
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Abstract

Introduction: Dental elevators are often used in traditional surgical extraction procedure to extract remaining root apex. In this study, a conventional straight elevator was modifed by changing its blade into a different form that enables the operator to use this modifed elevator in innovative technique for extraction of remaining root apex without the need for surgical extraction procedure of flap reflection and bone removal. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using a unique and innovative modifed elevator design in extraction of a retained root tip of upper and lower anterior teeth and upper premolar teeth. Materials and methods: A prospective comparative study design was used on 400 patients divided equally into two groups. In group A (study group), the patients were treated using a modifed elevator design for extraction of remaining root. In group B (control group), conventional surgical extractions involving flap reflection and bone removal were performed on patients for extraction of remaining root apices. The time was calculated in minutes and postoperative complications were assessed clinically. T-Test statistical analysis was used to examine differences in extraction time between groups. Results: By using the modifed elevator, 200 patients (120 males and 80 females) in group A underwent extraction of remaining root apex of upper and lower anterior teeth and upper premolar teeth without flap reflection or alveolar crest bone removal. In Group B, conventional surgical extraction was performed on the other 200 patients (130 males and 70 females). The mean age of patients was 44 years in group A and 43 years in group B. Surgical extractions of root apices in group B took longer time (mean = 20.23 ± SD 3.93 minutes) in comparison to extractions using modifed elevator in group A (mean = 2.36 ± SD 0.82 minutes). The difference in extraction time between group A and group B was statistically signifcant (p <0.01). Conclusions: The suggested approach for remaining root extraction using modifed elevator design is less invasive and time saving.


Article
An Investigation into Non Carious Tooth Wear and Associated Clinical findings

Authors: Faraedon M. Zardawi
Pages: 39-48
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Abstract

Introduction: Non carious lesions are multicausal clinical status with wide diversity of prevalence among individuals and populations. Several etiologic backgrounds may simultaneously play role in the incidence of this condition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of non carious tooth wear and to point out the strength of correlation between occlusal, incisal and cervical tooth wears and the most eminent associated clinical findings. Materials and methods: 338 patients 174 male and 164 female their age ranged from 20 to an opened range over 50 years were examined by one examiner. A comprehensive dental and periodontal examination was performed to identify presence and extension of non carious lesions by applying simplified scoring criteria for tooth wear index. Examination of hypersensitivity was performed by applying Wong-Backer faces pain rating scale. A questionnaire form included information regarding oral hygiene performance, type of tooth brush, method and frequency of tooth brushing. Dietary habits such as snakes and acidic food or drink consumption. Parafunction and smoking habit was also included. (Chi Square test) was applied to present the strength of association between tooth wear and the other variables investigated in this study. Results: A significant association was detected between the 3 types of tooth wear. These lesions are age dependent with no significant differences in their incidence between male and female. Frequency and type of tooth brush found to have a significant effect on non carious tooth wear. Furthermore, the study recorded significant relations of tooth wear to parafunction, extracted posterior teeth and gingival recession. However, no significant relation was detected between tooth wear and some other variables examined in this study such as dietary habits acid food and drink, smoking, dental caries, gingival bleeding and periodontal pockets. Conclusion: Several causes found to participate in the occurrence of tooth wear. Frequently develops under functional and parafunctional occlusal and incisal contact between the teeth in maxillary and mandibular arch that wear enamel and dentine away with age. It also weakens dental structure at the cervical portion of the teeth to wear off under the effect of tooth brushing and acid food and drink.

Table of content: volume:3 issue:1