Table of content

nursing national Iraqi specility

المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية

ISSN: 18122388
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Nursury
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

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scientific journal for nursing research

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Table of content: 2015 volume:28 issue:1

Article
Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among the Iraqi Repatriated Prisoners of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988
انتشار إضطراب ما بعد الصدمة الكدمية لدى الأسرى العراقيين العائدين من الحرب الإيرانية

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Objective: To determine the prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among Iraqi repatriated prisoners of Iran-Iraq war, and the relationship with demographic factors. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out from Oct. 18th, 2009 through Jan. 10th, 2010. A non-probability based snowball sampling technique was used to recruit 92 Iraqi repatriated prisoners of war (IRPOWs) who had visited Ministry of Human Rights. A data collection instrument was constructed that consisted of six demographic characteristics, and eight items to measure the level of PTSD in POWs. Data were collected with the constructed instrument during a brief interview. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis: percentages; frequencies and inferential statistic analysis (Pearson correlation coefficient). Results: The study revealed that the majority of IRPOWs have some level of PTSD (78.3%). Proportions of IRPOWs with low, medium and high severity PTSD: Low (29.3%); medium (32.6%) and high (16.4%). Statistically significant relationships were observed between PTSD and duration of captivity, marital status and level of education. Recommendations: The study recommends special mental health services centres are established within primary health care centres in order to diagnose and treat them and that further studies are conducted to explore effective treatments for IRPOWsالأهداف: تحديد مدى إنتشار إضطراب ما بعد الصدمة الكدميةلللأسرى العراقيين العائدين من حرب إيران والعراق1980-1988 وأيجاد العلاقة ما بين هذا الإضطراب وبعض المتغيرات اليموغرافية. طريقة البحث: أجريت دراسة وصفية من تاريخ 18تشرين الثاني، 2009 الى العاشر من كانون الثاني، 2010، أسُتخدمت الطريقة غير الأحتمالية المعتمدة على الكرة الثلجية في جمع عينة البحث البالغة 92 أسير عائد من الذين زاروا وزارة حقوق الأنسان في بغداد. لجمع المعلومات فقد تم بناء إستبيان خاص لهذا الغرض بأستعمال المقابلة الموجزة ويتضمن قسمين: الأول يتكون من ستة من المواصفات الديموغرافية، وثمانية فقرات لقياس مستويات إضطراب ما بعد الصدمة. حَللت المعلومات بتطبيق التحليل الوصفي والذي تضمن الترددات والنسبة المئوية؛ وأيضا الأحصاء التحليلي. النتائج: كشفت الدراسة بأن غالبية الأسرى العراقيين العائديين (78.3%) لديهم بعض المستويات من إضطراب ما بعد الصدمة الكدمية منها البسيط (29.3%) و المتوسط (32.6%) و العالي (16.4%). وجدت علاقة أحصائية ما بين هذا الإضطراب وطول مدة الأسر، الحالة الزوجية، والمستوى التعليمي. التوصيات: توصي الدراسة بإيجاد مراكز خاصة للصحة النفسية ضمن مراكز العناية الصحية الأولية لتشخيص ومعالجة ومتابعة هؤلاء الأسرى العائدين، وكذلك أنجاز الدراسات لمتابعة تطور حالاتهم الصحية جسميا ونفسيا.

Keywords

PTSD --- prevalence --- Iraqi --- repatriated --- prisoners --- POW --- PTSD --- prevalence --- Iraqi --- repatriated --- prisoners --- POW


Article
Impact of spastic cerebral palsy upon the quality of life of children under the age of 12 years in Erbil City: parents’ reports
اثر الشلل الدماغ التشنجي على نوعية الحياة للاطفال تحت سن 12 سنة في مدينة أربيل : تقارير من الوالدين

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Objectives: This study aims to assess the quality of life of cerebral palsy children less than 12 years old reported by parents in Erbil city/Iraq. Methodology: A descriptive study was conducted during 2014, to describe the quality of life of cerebral palsy children. One hundred mothers have cerebral palsy children were participated in this study. The study took place at Helena Center for handicapped children in Erbil City. Questionnaire was used to collect data, which consists of two main parts. The first part is divided into two sections; section one was described the mothers’ demographic characteristics, while the second section was for identifying the demographical characteristics of cerebral palsy children. The inventory trademark" (PedsQLTM) 3.0 (parents' reports) was used in second part of the questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 18 was used to analyze date. Chi-squared test was applied to find out the association and significance. Results: Most of the mothers were from low socioeconomic status, living in urban areas and aged between 28-37 years old. Majority of cerebral palsy children were male, aged between 2 - 4 and diagnosed with spastic type. The significant associations were found between types of cerebral palsy and daily activities, pain and hurt, speech and communication and eating and activities respectively at p-value 0.032, 0.000, 0.011, and 0.014. Recommendations: The study recommended special health educational programs for mothers to improve the quality of life of their cerebral palsy children. الهدف : تهدف الدراسة الى تقييم تأثير شلل الدماغ التشنجي على نوعية الحياة لاطفال المصابين بشلل الدماغي دون 12 سنة في مدينة أربيل. المنهجية: اجريت دراسة وصفية للفترة من اول من كانون الثاني لغاية 31من شهر مايس لعام 2014. أختيرت عينة غير احتمالية "غرضية" من 100ام من اللواتي لديهن طفل مصاب بشلل الدماغي ويراجعن مركز هيلينا للتاهيل الطبي شهريا او اسبوعيا. جمعت البيانات من خلال استخدام استمارة استبيانية متكونة من جزئين، الجزء الاول شمل صفحة البيانات الديوغرافية، لكلا من الام والطفل المصاب بشلل الدماغ ، أما الجزء الثاني تم استخدام استبانة الشلل الدماغي للاطفال (PedsQL ™3.0). ( تقرير الآباء ) لجمع البيانات، جمعت البيانات عن طريق المقابلة الشخصية،. تم تحليل البيانات باستعمال الحقيبة الاحصائية للعلوم الاجتماعية، الاصدار 18. و أجراء التحليل الاستنتاجي (معامل الثبات، معامل التوافق و مربع كاي) لايجاد العلاقة . النتائج: كشفت النتائج أن حوالي نصف الامهات كانت اعمارهن بين ( 28-37) سنة، وهن ذوات الوضع الاجتماعي والاقتصادي المنخفض ، والغالبية يعيشون في المناطق الحضرية . و النسبة العالية من هؤلاءالاطفال يتراوح اعمارهم بين 2-4 سنوات من العمر، والغالبية كانوا من الذكور و النوع التشنجي لشلل الدماغ. وجد أن هناك ارتباط ذو دلالة احصائية بين أنواع الشلل الدماغي والأنشطة اليومية, والألم والأذى ,التكلم و التواصل ، الأكل و الأنشطة ، بقيمة 0,032، 0,00، 0،011، 0,0140على التوالي. التوصيات: أوصت الدراسة بتطبيق برنامج صحي تعليمي للأمهات لتحسين نوعية حياة اطفالهن المصابين


Article
Impact of Psychological and Social Climacteric Changes upon Quality of Life of Middle Age Women in Baghdad City
اثر التغيرات النفسية والاجتماعية لسن ما بعد الانجاب على جودة حياة النساء متوسطات العمر في مدينة بغداد

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Objective: to assessthe impact of psychological and social climacteric changes on quality of life among middle age women in Baghdad city Methodology: : A descriptive analytic study was conducted to study the quality of life among middle age women due topsychological and social climacteric changes from February 2013- July 2013. A purposive sampleconsisted of three hundred (300) womenaged (40-65) years who were attending health centers in two sectors in Baghdad / AL- Russafa andAL- karhk . The data were collected through using interview technique , and questionnaire format , which comprises two parts, first part consist (socio-demographic characteristic , the second part quality of life domains (psychological and social domains ) .. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined through a pilot study and, the validity through a panel of (18) experts. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis procedures were employed for data analysis; all the statistical procedures were tested at P> 0.05 or less . Results:The results show that the climacteric changes for ( psychological domain ) was reported by more than half of study sample which assessed as ( moderate) impact on quality of life .while the assess of social domain ( good). Recommendation:The study recommends for more effort from health care providers to do further researches about the quality of life of middle age women. Moreover, the health care provider should implement an educational program for women about the climacteric changes and how to pass it safely الهدف: لتقيم اثر التغيرات النفسية والاجتماعية لسن ما بعد الإنجاب على نوعية حياة النساء متوسطات العمر في مدينة بغداد المنهجية: دراسة وصفية تحليلية لدراسة نوعية الحياة بين النساء متوسطات العمر نتيجة لأثر التغييرات النفسية والاجتماعية لسن مابعدالإنجاب للفترة من شباط2013–تموز2013. اختيرت عينة غرضيه شملت (300) امرأة متوسطة العمر 40-65سنة من المراكز الصحية التابعةلقطاعي الرصافة والكرخ تم جمع البيانات من خلال استخدام أسلوب المقابلة استمارةاستبيان مكونة من جزئيين الجزء الأول يتألف من الخصائص الديموغرافية الاجتماعية والجزء الثاني يتألف من مقياس نوعية الحياة ويشمل المحور (الجانب النفسي والاجتماعي) . تم تحديد ثبات الاستبانة من خلال دراسة تجريبية (استطلاعية ) وصحتها من خلال لجنة مكونة من (18) خبيرا . استخدمت إجراءات التحليل الإحصائي الوصفي وإجراءات التحليل ألاستنتاجي لتحليل البيانات وبمستوى دلالة 5% أو اقل . النتائج: أظهرت النتائج أن أثر التغيرات لسن ما بعد الإنجاب للجانب ( النفسي) على نوعية الحياة قد سجلت أن أكثر من نصف عينة الدراسة كان التقييم متوسط بينما كان التقييم للجانب (الاجتماعي)جيد . التوصيات: أوصت الدراسة ببذل الجهود من قبل مقدمي الرعاية الصحية بأجراء بحوث فيما يخص نوعية الحياة للنساء متوسطات العمر , كما وأوصت بضرورة تنفيذ برامج تثقيفية للنساء حول فترة سن ما بعد الإنجاب وكيفية اجتياز هذه المرحلة بأمان


Article
Assessment of Instructional Labor Support Behaviors among Laboring Women at Teaching Hospitals in Hilla City
تقييم السلوكيات الاسنادية الارشادية بين النساء الماخضات في المستشفيات التعليمية في مدينة الحلة

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Objectives: The aim of this study to assess instructional labor support behaviors among laboring women in teaching hospitals in Hilla city. Methodology: A descriptive analytic study was concluded to select a sample purposely of one hundred multipara laboring women in maternity hospital in Hilla city and data was collected through questionnaire form during February (1st to March 30th) 2014. A descriptive statistical method was used to analyze the data. Results: The result showed that the highest percentage of study sample was at age (20-24) years, most of them was house wife, more than third graduate from primary school, and more than half of them lived in rural area, (86%) of study sample delivered normal delivery, and (47%) of them their babies were healthy, regarding instructional labor support behaviors, the highest mean of score refer to instruction with eye to eye contact with persons who provide support, use open mouth (glottis) pushing and follow urges to push and rise the baby to let mother see her baby's gender. Recommendations: The result of this study indicated need for providing all midwifery school with labor support behaviors, revising clinical guideline and efficient updating training to all staff and give role to family to share in labor support behaviors.


Article
Assessing the Levels of Quality of Life for elderly People inflicted by Parkinson's Disease in the City of Baghdad
تقييم مستويات جودة حياة المسنين المصابين بالمرض الرعاشي (مرض الباركنسون) في مدينة بغداد

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Background: Parkinson's disease is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system and it is considered a progressive disorder whose symptoms become worse over time. Individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) are confronted with physical, psychological, and psychosocial issues that impact quality of life (QoL). Parkinson's disease happens most commonly in the people of middle age and elderly, though roughly 10% of patients are under the age of forty. Although Parkinson's disorder may finally be disabling, the disease often only progresses gradually. The primary feature of Parkinson's disease is tremors which are the uncontrolled and rhythmic movements of the hands, arms, legs and even jaw. Later on, muscle rigidity, or stiffness of the limbs, occurs in all muscle groups but is commonly in the arms, shoulders and neck. Objectives: The study aims to assess the levels of quality of life of elderly with Parkinson's disease in Baghdad city and then to find out relationship between these levels and some demographic characteristic. Methods: A descriptive study was performed between 01th of March. 2013 and 10th of July 2013. A non-probability accidental sample of 156 elderly diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Participants were recruited from a variety of places; two elderly Nursing Homes, and two Neurological Teaching hospitals: the Neurological Specialties Hospital and Neurological hospital, in the city of Baghdad. A constructed questionnaire was used in this study. This questionnaire consists of two parts; demographic characteristics; gender, age, marital status, number of children, occupation and duration of illness; and 39 items [Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39)]. Data were analysed by applying descriptive and inferential analysis. Results: The results indicate that 55.8% of the participants have poor level of quality of life. There is a significant association between levels of quality of life and the place of recruitment but there is no association between the levels of quality of life and other demographic characteristics of the elderly with Parkinson's disease. Recommendations: The study recommends improving the circumstances in the elderly nursing homes and to add more social and recreational activities within these Homes, in addition supervising their condition and treatment by the specialists.الخلفية: يعتبر مرض الباركنسون (المرض الرعاشي) من الامراض التنكسية التي تصيب الجهاز العصبي المركزي محدثا اعراض تسوء بمرور الزمن. وهذا المرض على الرغم من انه يؤدي الى الإعاقة في النهاية الإ أنه يتطور بشكل تدريجي، وتكون الاعراض ما بين الارتجاف المستمر وغير مسيطر عليه؛ حركات تناغمية لليدين والذراعين والساقين وحتى الفكين. وبعده تتطور الاعراض الى تصلب عضلات الاطراف والكتف والرقبة. تصاحب هذا المرض مشاكل نفسية وأجتماعية خطيرة بالأضافة للمشاكل الجسمية والتي بدورها تؤثر بشكل مباشر أو غير مباشر على نوعية الحياة التي يعيشها هؤلاء المصابون ان كانوا بين عوائلهم أو في المصحات الخاصة لمثل هذه الحالات. الأهداف: تهدف الدراسة لتقييم مستويات نوعية الحياة التي يتصف به المسنيين المصابين بمرض الباركنسن (المرض الرعاشي) في مدينة بغداد ولإيجاد أي علاقة إحصائية بيت تلك المستويات وبعض المواصفات الديموغرافية للمسنين. طريقة البحث: دراسة وصفية تم أنجازها بين العاشر من آذار، 2013 والعاشر من تموز، 2013. كانت عينة البحث بالطريقة التصادفية غير الأحتمالية ل 156 من المسنين المصابين بمرض الباركنسن (المرض الرعاش) من الذين يتم علاجهم في مستشفيات مدينة بغداد التخصصية للأعصاب ومنها مستشفى الجملة العصبية التعليمي، مستشفى التخصصات العصبية وكذلك من الذين يقيمون في داري رعاية المسنيين في الرشاد وصليخ. أستخدمت الدراسة أستب يان خاص لغرض هذه الدراسة والذي تضمن جزئين: المعلومات الديموغرافية والجزء الآخر يتضمن 39فقرة لقياس مستويات نوعية الحياة. تم تحليل البيانات باستعمال الأحصاء الوصفي: التكرار والنسبة المئوية، والأحصاء الأستدلالي. النتائج: كشفت الدراسة بأن 55.8 % من المشاركين يمتلكون مستوى ضعيف من نوعية الحياة. وجدت الدراسة علاقة دلالة إحصائيةبين مستوى نوعية الحياة مع مكان العينة ولم تجد الدراسة علاقة بين مستويات نوعية الحياة مع باقي المواصفات اليموغرافية. التوصيات: توصي الدراسة بتحسين ظروف دور رعاية العجزة وإضافة نشاطات أجتم اعية وترفيهية أكثر لهذه الدور مع إدامة التواصل مع أهالي هؤلاء العاجزين المصابين بمرض الباركنسن. وكذلك عرضهم المتواصل على الأختصاصين من أجل متابعة صحتهم وعلاجهم.

Keywords

Assessing --- quality --- life --- elderly --- Parkinson's --- city --- Baghdad. --- Assessing --- quality --- life --- elderly --- Parkinson's --- city --- Baghdad


Article
Detection of Hypertension among Cardiac Diseases Inpatients at Kirkuk City Hospitals
الكشف عن ارتفاع ضغط الدم لدى مرضي القلب الراقدين في مستشفيات مدينة كركوك

Authors: Salah MS. Hassan صلاح حسن
Pages: 46-54
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Objectives of the study: The main objective of the study is to assess the prevalence of hypertension among cardiac diseases patients and to fiend out relation ship between hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Methodology: A descriptive study, using interviewer and questionnaire technique was conducted on cardiac diseases inpatients of clinic unite at Kirkuk and Azady hospitals from 17th ,June ,2012 to 1st, March , 2013. Non – probability (purposive) sample of (148) adult patients, (81) females and (67) males with heart disease are selected from inpatients of clinic unite at Kirkuk and Azady hospitals at kirkuk city. Questionnaire was developed to assess the items which are related to heart disease patient's (Disease, Signs and Symptoms , Antihypertensive Drugs , Blood Pressure , and Dietary Patterns). A calibrated mercury sphygmomanometer was used to measure BP while the individual was seated and resting five minutes with the arm held at heart level. The first reading were taken in both arms; unless there was a significant difference, the right arm was used for subsequent reading. The mean of two consecutive measurements taken at two-minute intervals was recorded. Weight was measured using a calibrated scale . The study instruments consist of total (44) items, which are distributed though the following : Demographic data form consist of (10) items and questionnaire was concerned with data to evaluate the criteria of cardiac diseases patients form consist of (34) items. Results: The results of this study revealed that the mean age and standard division of study sample is (63.1 11.3), the highest percentage 52(35.1%) of age factor for heart disease patients are reported at (70-79yrs.) group .The majority of study sample are females 81( 54.7%), whereas, males are 67( 45.3%). High percent 46(31%)of participants are suffering from angina and 44(29.7%) had myocardial infarction. 40(27%) of the patients had Prehypertension (120-139/60-100) while 29(19.6%) of patients had first stage of hypertension. Recommendations : Educational programs should be designed to increase people knowledge and awareness about the life style of hypertensive heart disease patients. Booklet should be prepared and presented to the patients to advise them to leave high amount salt intake, give up exercise which is considered one of the contributing factors for hypertension.


Article
Psychological Distress in Parents of Autistic Children in Baghdad City
الكرب النفسي عند أولياء أمور الأطفال المصابين بالتوحد في مدينة بغداد

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Objectives: The study aims to: (1) assess psychological distress in parents of autistic children, (2) identify the relationship between psychological distress and parents' socio-demographic characteristics such as (age, marital status, relationship with child, educational level and monthly income) and (3) identify the relationship between parent's distress and some of children' socio-demographic characteristics such as (gender, age, birth order and mean number of children). Methodology: A descriptive–analytical study that was carried out from December 12th, 2011 to May 1st, 2012. on a purposive (non- probability) sample of 120 parents (father and mother) who have children with autism and send their children to the delayed care centers in Baghdad. Data were collected through the use of the constructed questionnaire and the process of the self-administrative report. The questionnaire was consisted of three parts: parents' socio-demographic characteristics, autistic children' socio-demographic, and parenting stress scale. Content validity of the instrument was determined through the use of panel experts and the internal consistency of the instrument was determined through the pilot study and the computation of Alpha Correlation Coefficient (r = 0.83). Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive and inferential statistical approaches by using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 16.0. Results: The findings revealed that most of sample were mothers in normal marital status who fall in the age group 26-35 years old graduated from institute or college and living in nuclear families with barely sufficient monthly income. Most of the children were firstborn male fall in the age group of 3-7 years and most of families have 1-3 children/family. Parents of autistic children are experiencing moderate level of parenting distress. There is strong negative relationship between parents' ages with family type and there is moderate relationship among other variables. There is positive relationship between parenting stress, child's gender and birth order and there is no relationship with other variables. Recommendations: The study recommended providing adequate knowledge for parents about how to deal with their child through sessions and brochure; focusing on coping strategies for parents with autistic child should be taken in consideration by media to decrease distress and further studies should be conducted as survey to include all over the country.


Article
Factors associated with complications during pregnancy
العوامل المرتبطة بالمضاعفات خلال الحمل

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Objective (s): To determine factors associated with the pregnancy complications (Maternal age, education, obstetrical history, gravidity, birth space interval, and smoking). Methodology: A cross-sectional study conducted at Al- washash & Bab-almoadham primary health care centers. The sample was (non probability convenient sample) which included (550) pregnant women. The study started from 1st April 2014 to 1st of April 2015. The data was collected by direct interview using special questionnaire to obtain socio-demographic information. Results: the result shows that mean age of the subjects was 26.5± 4.39 years, 57.8% were housewives, the sample included 103 premature uterine contractions, 98 pregnancy induced hypertension , 90 urinary tract infection , and 80 anemic . Analysis of results by logistic regression test shows that (maternal age , gravidity, gestational age , birth space interval , and smoking ) were significant factors associated with pregnancy complications. Recommendations: health education to all attending pregnant women in MCH centers about risk of complications during pregnancy.


Article
Evaluation of Nursing staff Performance in Cardiac Care Units at Teaching and Non Teaching Hospitals in Kirkuk City: A Comparative Study
تقويم أداء الملاك التمريضي في وحدات العناية المركزة في المستشفيات التعليمية وغير التعليمية في مدينة كركوك: دراسة مقارنة

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Objective: The descriptive study was used to evaluate nursing staff performance in cardiac care units at teaching and non teaching hospitals in kirkuk city: A comparative study. Methodology: A descriptive study was used to evaluate nursing staff performance in cardiac care units. The study was conducted from December 29th, 2013 up to the 27th of Apr. 2014. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (44) nurses who work in cardiac care unit at Azady teaching Hospital and Kirkuk general Hospital was evaluated by a questionnaire which consisted of two parts; the first part is concerned with the demographic characteristics of the nurses and the second part concerned Observation check list for evaluation nursing staff Performance in Cardiac Care. Validity of the observational check list performed through a panel of (02) experts and the reliability of the questionnaire is determined through the pilot study. Descriptive and inferential statistical used to analysis of data. Results: the study shows that (61.4%) of the samples age were (20-30) years old, (63.6%) were male. (68.2%) of them Graduate B.Sc. of Nursing. most of the samples has (1-5) Years of experience in Nursing. the results shows that a high assessment of observational Check List are reported for the following domains: Maintenance respiration by adequate O2 supply, Decrease SVR (systematic vascular resistance), Monitor ABGs (Arterial blood gases) frequently. Also the study reveals that moderate assessments of observational Check List are reported for reaming domains. Recommendations : Providing opportunity for nurses in cardiac care units to continuing updating their education to maintain knowledge and skills.


Article
Assessment of Food Frequency Intake and Dietary Habits for Diabetic Pregnant Women
تقيين تكرار الطعام المأخوذ والعادات الغذائية للنساء الحوامل المصابات بداء السكري

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Abstract

Objective: The study aims at assessing the food frequency intake and dietary habits for diabetic pregnant women. Methodology: A descriptive study is carried out for the period from November4th 2013 to August 25th 2014. A purposive "non-probability" sample of one hundred diabetic pregnant women is selected from the Diabetic and Endocrine Center in Al-Amarha City. A questionnaire is developed as a tool of data collection. Content validity of the study instrument is determined through panel of experts. Split-half reliability technique is used for reliability determination of the study instrument which depicts a reliability coefficient of (0.79) for the entire scale. A structured interview with each diabetic pregnant woman is applied for data collection. Data are analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical data analysis approach of frequency, percent and standard deviation and inferential statistical data analysis approach of linear regression. Results: The results of the study indicated that the vast majority of pregnant women have acceptable level of food frequency intake and dietary habits. Being them pregnant with diabetes, they need to have more than acceptable level so they can go through a healthy and safe pregnancy, as well as labor and having a healthy baby without complications. Recommendations: The study recommends for the initiation of collaboration and coordination between the Nutrition Research Institute and the Diabetic and Endocrine Center in Al-Amara City concerning the diabetic pregnant women and their dietary patterns. Further study can be conducted on a large sample size and nation-wide base.


Article
Effectiveness of Preoperative Psycho-educational Program on Stress of Cardiac Surgery Patients
فاعلية برنامج إعداد نفسي ما قبل العملية على الشد النفسي لمرضى جراحة القلب

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Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of preoperative psycho - education al program on cardiac surgery patients information and their level of stress. And find out the differences in the Psycho educational program with regard to patients demographic characteristics such as age and gender. Methodology Aquazi-experimental study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of preoperative education program on stress for cardiac surgery patients in Baghdad city from the 28th of March, 2010 , to 19th of September ,2011. The preoperative psycho - educational program, as well as the questionnaire was constructed as a tool of data collection for the purpose of the study. Purposive (non probability) samples of 40 patients who have undergone cardiac surgery (CABG &VR) are selected from Ibn AL-Bitar Specialized Center for cardiac surgery. The researcher divided the samples into two equal groups (the study and control groups) . Data was analysis through the use of the suitable statistical methods. Results: The results of the study indicates that there are significant differences in the patients knowledge towards cardiac surgery in the study & control groups through pre-test, post-test. Recommendations: The study recommended that such program should be implemented in the form of session for the patients before undergone cardiac surgery to prepare them to cope with the stress and improve their knowledge.


Article
Assessment of the Efficiency for some Disinfectants Against the Microorganisms Isolated From the Wards of Newborn and Premature Babies in Baghdad Teaching Hospital
تقييم كفاءة بعض المطهرات ضد الجراثيم العزولة من ردهات الاطفال الخدج وحديثي الولادة في مستشفى بغداد التعليمي

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Abstract

Objective : To assess the efficiency for some disinfectants against the microorganisms isolated from the wards of newborn and premature babies in Educational Baghdad Hospital . Methodology :This study had done from 182014 untile 192014, we had selected three types of disinfectants ( Incidine , Bleach and Microbac Forte )which were used for disinfection in the wards of newborn babies at Educational Baghdad Hospital to assess their effect against the microorganisms isolated from these wards and study the mixed affect of these disinfectants againt same microorganisms . Results : The results of the present study showed that there is affect of the different concentrations of the used disinfectants against the microorganisms isolated from the wards of the newborn and premature babies , also there is a synergism affect of microbac forte with sodium hypochlorite and incidine , as well as , there is an antagonism affect of sodium hypochlorite with incidine a comparision if they used alone . Recommendation : The present study had been suggested to use the highly concentrations of Microbac forte , Incidine and sodium hypochlorite to sterilize the wards of newborn and premature babies , also the study had been suggested to use the mixed solutions of microbac forte with incidine and sodium hypochlorite to disinfect the same wards


Article
Effectiveness of University Leaders' Behavior and the Faculty Members' Motivation towards the Work in the Iraqi Colleges of Nursing
فاعلية سلوك القيادات الجامعية ودافعية اعضاء الهيئة التدريسية نحو العمل في كليات التمريض العراقية

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Abstract

Objective(s): The present study aims at identifying the Iraqi Colleges of Nursing Deans' leadership behaviors effectiveness and faculty members' motivation towards work in these colleges. Methodology: Descriptive design has been used for the sample survey manner, which is the appropriate approach to the study of social phenomena in the field where provides data on the reality of these phenomena and relations between the causes and consequences and an analysis of it and perhaps the factors affecting it and how it appears. The study relies on a questionnaire to collect data from the participants which is composed of (86) items distributed on three axes: First, the demographic characteristics which are composed of (8) items, second, (40) items to measure motivation towards work and the third (38) items to measure the effectiveness of the leadership behavior of the Deans of the Colleges of Nursing. Content validity of the questionnaire is determined through panel of experts who are asked to present their opinion about the content of the questionnaire. The stability has been achieved through the use of reliability coefficients to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaire. Data of the study are collected through field visits to the Iraqi Nursing Colleges and personal interviews with respondents. The study population includes all Iraqi Colleges of Nursing at the time of the study which are distributed through thirteen Governorates. The sample of the study includes (66) subjects who are (55) faculty member and (11) Dean. The sample is purposive "nonprobability" and selected based on the selection criteria to select professor and assistant professor. The study data are analyzed through the descriptive data analysis approach (Frequencies and percentages) and inferential data analysis approach (Chi-square test and Cronbach Alpha Correlation coefficient). The results: The study findings indicate that variables of age groups and years of work have impact upon the improvement of faculty members' motivation towards work in the Iraqi Colleges of Nursing. Variables of Deans' age, gender, education, years of work as dean and training have no influence on the leadership behavior of the Colleges of Nursing Deans. Recommendations: The study recommends that we have to promote democratic style practiced by leaders and present freedom and independence of the faculty member because of the stature in the community. The study suggests that there should be an interest for leadership behavior with faculty members, so they can be aware of the desired approaches toward achieving the objectives of the university. The preparation of a proposed program to increase the activation of the performance of faculty in Iraqi Colleges of Nursing and carrying out other studies concerned with this subject and the work of preparing a proposal for the creation of democratic leader in the Iraqi Colleges of Nursing.

Table of content: volume:28 issue:1