Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume:2 issue:220

Article
The Shopping Community An Application Study of the Efficiency of the Shopping Community In bab Al-Moadhem
سوق الحي السكنيّ (Sh – Co) دراسة تطبيقية للكفاءة الوظيفية لسوق الحي السكنيّ في باب المعظم

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Abstract

The trade markets are acquiring their importance from the need of people for them. The more the people need, the more the importance. Bab Al-Moadhem trade center of one of the forms on which people depend for work and shopping, whether the shoppers where from the nearby neighborhoods or from distance areas. The importance is constant and persistent due to the distinguished location near city center and the Bus Station there. The importance also increased due to being a market for a number of the shoppers. The result of the study is the emphasis on the importance through the raise of the number of shoppers in average of (11.229) shopper/ day during the rush time in the days of the week. The biggest ratios of those shoppers were from outside the area of the study that comes for their jobs in the governmental institutions and directorates. However, most of those shoppers suffer from the congestion of markets and the lack of organization and order and the mixing of the vehicles with the movement of the shoppers in addition to the absence of the municipal services like paving the streets and the spread of the garbage in the sides of the market. That necessitates the activation of the role of the municipal offices to develop the center in consistence with the needs and requirement of the city.

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Article
Slums Change the Morphological Features of the Iraqi City "Mahmudiya, as a Model City"
العشوائيات تغيير للملامح المورفولوجية للمدينة العراقية (مدينة المحمودية أنموذجًا)

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Abstract

The research aims to shed light on one of the phenomena that have spread in the cities of Iraq, represented by the cities and the revival of the slum, which was built in irregular beating regulations and laws pertaining to zoning and land use within the Iraqi city of urban space, which led to distortion and change the features of morphological Iraqi city and in particular the city of Mahmudiya model for this emergency demographic phenomenon, as it has been the study of three residential neighborhoods random inside the urban center of the city through a field survey and the impact of that change on the morphological features of the city. The town of Mahmoudiya, one of the haunted Baghdad province to the south of the capital Baghdad, about 29 km towards the city of Hilla, an area within the municipal boundaries of more than 17 km 2 is equivalent to 1700 hectares, and accounted for 6.9% of the total elimination of space adult total 1452 km 2 which is equivalent to 145 200 hectares. The city experienced a population increase for large period between 2000-2014 amounted to more than 15,000 people, with an estimated population of the city - the center - for the year 2000 by about 78 625 people compared with the last census of the city was in 1997, as it appeared that the population of the city - the center arrived 64 817 people, an annual growth rate of the population was estimated at 3.2%, while the population reached according to the latest census of the city to more than 100,000 people as a result of increased population and natural in the number of births and low mortality rate and population migration from the surrounding countryside or nearby cities. The number of slums in the city center and its outskirts eight slums map within the residential use of the center town of Mahmudiyah, has been the study of three residential neighborhoods and is a model Random Alnor- neighborhood Almertdy- neighborhoods Abu wax .

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Article
Spatial and Temporal Variation of the Continental and Marine in the Governorates of Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah, for the period 1984-2013
التباين المكانيّ والزمانيّ للقارية والبحرية في محافظات (الموصل, وبغداد, والبصرة) للمدة (1984-2013)

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Abstract

The Governorates of Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah are characterized by high Continental degree, and low Marine degree. Showing Continental and Marine degree for every Governorate depending on the period of study is the most important aim in this research. The highest continental degree recorded in the study area was 96.7%, in Basrah in 2008 according to Borisov equation, and the Continental refers to very severe continental climate. This Continental degree was the highest between three other equations used depending on weather Stations Data In Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah, The continental Degree according to equations refer to rise trend in the period 1984-2013.

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Article
Industrial Slums of Iron Tanks in Al-Sheikh Omer Area
التوطن الصناعيّ للخزانات الحديدية (الصهاريج) في منطقة الشيخ عمر

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Abstract

The Iron is an metallic mineral most widely used in many fields of industries for the time being, because it considers as a principal material for different fields of Extractive and transformative industries. The manufacture of the metal cistern (tank) is on the top of the Iron manufacture that most of industries rely on this metal, like many other industries , Iron industries have great ground , and it interact with the other industries. this study consist of three sections as follow: Section one : Geographical elements which help to develop and spread Iron industries fields (metal cistern) in the area (Al Sheik Umer)in Baghdad. Section two: Take deep lock on the steps of metal cistern manufacturing. Section three : Highlighting on the most crucial problems that obstacle the Iron industry

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Article
Iraq and the European Union towards a Strategic Partnership
العراق والاتحاد الأوروبي نحو شراكة إستراتيجية

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Abstract

The Iraq's relations with the European Union countries of the oldest and surest Iraq's foreign relations, in spite of the damage to those relationships during certain time periods, and sometimes degradation several considerations, they quickly return to normal, the importance of Iraq's strategy for European countries on the one hand, and interest in Iraq, the European its relations On the other hand . The EU played an important role in Iraq in the era after 2003, through important political relations with the Iraqi government, and try to achieve a real partnership in the political, economic and cultural fields, and interested in EU areas of human rights, and civil society organizations, and strengthen the Iraqi security capacity and we will try in this Find the study of the positions of the European Union countries of Iraq, and then try the European Union and Iraq to establish a strategic partnership between them.

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Article
The Urbanite Expansion Upon the Uses Pattern of Land Use Factors in it , Al-Dor Town as a Case study
التوسع الحضريّ على نمط استعمالات الأرض والعوامل المؤثرة في ذلك دراسة حالة مدينة الدور

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Abstract

The urbanite expansion regarded one of the important subjects which has occupied wide space in city geography field, rather expanded more than this field towards humanitarian sciences that has great relation with other sciences due to its importance in stability of population and happy living. This research has dealt with the subject (The urbanite expansion upon the uses style of Land Use effected factors in it, Al-Dor town as case study) . It consisted of introduction, objective, the problem of the research, hypothesis and the method of research . First topic dealt with basic designs experienced by the town, it expansion regarding population and other services . Second topic dealt with effected factors upon uses style which included natural, economical and social factors. The research finally draws some conclusions and recommendations.

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Article
Psychological Pollution of Baghdad University Students and Its Relation with Social Compatibility
التلوث النفسيّ وعلاقته بالتوافق الاجتماعي عند طلبة جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Find goal 1. psychological study of pollution at Baghdad University Students 2. Measuring the differences in psychological pollution variable depending on the sex and specialization 3. social harmony measure at Baghdad University Students 4. Tradition measure pollution between psychological and social compatibility Was selected a random sample of the research community, the researcher prepare a tool to measure the psychological pollution and adopted the dry Scale (2010) to measure social consensus, and after analyzing the data statistically significant results showed that college students suffer from psychological pollution and have no social consensus and these results showed researcher set of recommendations and propos

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Article
Iraq's Educated Elite Plight of Alienation and Marginalization
النخبة العراقية المثقفة محنة الاستلاب والتهميش

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Abstract

When a group in the community is classified as elite educated, meaning that there are foundations awarded through which this group as such, because they will control the reality and destiny of this community, they are the compass that will go by individuals as elite graduate as a reference carrying the grotesque craggy melody preponderance of mind and insight and vision needed the course of life, so the hopes pinned on the urgent imperatives of these elites in the delivery of and put it in a bank here to safety. But when they go sour these elites and become weak in thoroughbreds its components through which remain march of this society, then are these missed compass success and lost triggers labeled as elite and deviated from the leadership is serious for this community, and that is what has happened in the elite Iraqi intelligentsia, which refers to him things to different images of rupture and rivalries and rifts plaguing chose these elites, society loses confidence in those who entrusted him with the care of the governing authority tasks, especially if the final was practiced dictatorship abhorrent to people.


Article
Teaching chemistry According to the Accelerator Cognitive Strategy and its Impact on the Achievement and the Development of Scientific Thinking of the First Grade Students
تدريس الكيمياء وفق استراتيجية التسريع المعرفيّ وأثرها في التحصيل وتنمية التفكير العلميّ لدى طالبات الصف الاول متوسط

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Abstract

The study aimed to know the effect of acceleration of knowledge in the achievement and the development of scientific thinking among students of the first grade average, compared to the usual way strategy, formed the research sample of 55 students, it has been Tozaahn randomly into two groups rewarded in the variables (chronological age and attainment former chemistry in half year and educational attainment of the parents and scientific thinking). Dُrst experimental group of (28) students in accordance with the accelerator cognitive strategy, and studied group (control group) and of the number of members (27) students in the usual way. The achievement test preparation according to the levels of Bloom (remember, absorb and apply the analysis), was checked by a charity and persistence, and the measure of scientific thinking in chemistry. After applying Odata Search results revealed a statistically significant difference in favor of the experimental group students who studied in accordance with the accelerator cognitive strategy in the test grades as well as in scientific thinking in chemistry scale.

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Article
The Effect of Using Systemic Approach in Physics on the Achievement of the 2nd Intermediate Grade Students
أثر التدريس باستعمال المدخل المنظوميّ في تحصيل الفيزياء لدى طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط

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Abstract

The research aimed at investigating the effect of teaching by using systemic approach to get physics at 2nd intermediate grade students through verification of the null hypothesis which was put by the researcher . The researcher chose 2nd intermediate grade students in Humat Al-Watan Intermediate school – Baghdad education directorate – Al-Rasafa -1 intentionally, as a sample for the experiment. The sample consisted of (44) students (female) at amount of ( 22) student for experimental group , studied according to the systemic approach and (22) students for control group studied according to ordinary approach . Both groups were equivalent in variables ( time age by months , intelligence v, previous information ) . The researcher adopted achievement test consisted of ( 40 ) items ; experimental and objectivity . Credibility was checked by expose the items of the test to several experts and specialists . Also the test was analyzed by extracting difficulty coefficient and variable force and the efficiency of wrong alternatives , besides extracting fixation for the test .The researcher applied the experience in the second course of the academic year ( 2014 - 2015 ) . After applying the test upon both groups , correcting the mistakes of the students , analyzing the results statistically , it confirmed rejection of null hypothesis . According to the results ; the researcher discovered that the use of systemic approach has great effect in achievement comparing with ordinary . The researcher suggested some recommendations and proposals

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Article
The Impact of Cognitive Model on the Achievement of Geographical material on Female Students in the Fourth Grade literary
أثر الأنموذج المعرفيّ في تحصيل مادة الجغرافية والاحتفاظ بها لدى طالبات الصف الرابع الأدبيّ

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Abstract

This study was conducted in the province of Diyala, targeted know the impact of the specimen knowledge in the collection of geographical material and retained when students fourth grade literary To achieve the aim of the research chose researcher sample of schools Diyala province consisted of 60 female students were distributed across the experimental groups and the control group, after a parity statistical among students groups , promising researcher experiment kits of targets behavioral and lesson plans, then a promising achievement test be 40 paragraph of multiple choice and pans marked by honesty and consistency and objectivity, a layer researcher at the end of the experiment, and reached higher than students in the experimental group to the control group. In light of the search results researcher recommended that the attention of teachers of general subjects of social and material especially paradigm of knowledge, in order to fit with the mental and cognitive abilities of the students. He proposed to hold subsequent studies complementary research

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Article
The Effect of Using Free Homework on Fourth Grade Primary School Students’ Achievement in Sciences
أثر استخدام الواجبات البيتية الحرة في تحصيل تلاميذ الصف الرابع الابتدائي في مادة العلوم

Authors: م.م. حنان كاظم عبد
Pages: 277-298
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Abstract

The research deals with the use of free homework and its effect on fourth elementary school in sciences). A multiple-choice test was distributed which consists of a set of paragraphs of (20) checksums paragraph probationary status with alternatives for the purpose of choosing the right correct answer. The preparation of these paragraphs taken from the book of science for fourth grade primary has included the three units of the first unit (human and House)and the second (human, water and air) and the third unit (human and food) It was presented to experts and specialists in science and teaching methods of measurement and evaluation, and the percentage of agreement (80%) on the survival of all the paragraphs, and the researcher applied to the sample and exploratory s (50),pupil of outside the study of school (beacon) for the purpose of extracting the psychometric characteristics and using statistical of the paragraphs of the test results were hogback all paragraphs without deleting the paragraph because that as high as(20%) or more paragraph good extension (4), then a researcher on the application of the test worked his image on the final two groups (experimental and control), amounting to their number (60) Delmarva on 8/12/2015 and the results after the statistical analysis using (spss)There is no difference statistically significant between the average scores students (the experimental group) who are studying in accordance with the homework and free between the scores of students (the control group) the usual way and in favor of the experiment group at the level of significance (0,05) Table (6) using AI (t-test) to calculate the calculated value .

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Article
The Effect of Robinson's Strategy on the Achievement and Retain of Fourth Grade Primary School Students in Arabic Grammar
أثر استراتيجية روبسن في تحصيل قواعد اللغة العربية والاحتفاظ به عند طالبات الصف الرابع الأدبيّ

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Abstract

This study was conducted in the province of Diyala, targeted know the effect Robson strategy in the collection of Arabic grammar and keep it when students fourth grade literary, and to achieve the goal of research chose researcher sample from a school in Diyala province amounted to 54 students divided between experimental groups and the control group, and having done research, parity Statistical between the two students, a promising experiment kits of formulating behavioral objectives and prepare lesson plans, then a promising achievement test to measure achievement and retention be 40 paragraph characterized by honesty and consistency and objectivity, a layer on the sample at the end of the experiment, and reached higher than the experimental group students to the control group students and recommended researcher worthwhile teaching modern methods of teaching, and emphasize the importance Robson strategy in basic education colleges and colleges of education curricula so as to understand the way a good understanding. It was suggested that subsequent studies complement for this search.

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Article
The Effectiveness of a Computerized Program in the Light of e-learning in the Islamic Educational Critical Thinking at the Fourth Grade Year Students
فاعلية برنامج محوسب في ضوء التعليم الالكترونّي للتربية الإسلامية في التفكير الناقد عند طلاب الصف الرابع العام

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Abstract

The current research aims to find out the effectiveness of a computerized program in the light of e-learning for Education in Islamic thinking Critic at the fourth grade year students. And achieve the goal Find researcher junior chose secretary for boys of between junior high school and high school day for boys in the Directorate General of Educational Rusafa / second in Baghdad, as my intention and chose, two divisions of the fourth grade at random, represented Division (a) of the number of students (36 students) the control group, who studied Islamic education using the traditional method, and represented the Division (b) of the number of students (36) experimental group students who studied Islamic education using a computerized program Rewarded researcher students between the two groups in the number of variables including (Alamralzimna, educational attainment of the parents, the Islamic Education degrees for the first semester 2015/2016). Through data researcher found to exceed the experimental group that Islamic education program studied the computerized control group which studied the traditional way Through the results obtained by the researcher, it is concluded that: 1. The use of a computerized program in teaching Move the psychological motivations of the experimental group students , pay attention and think and work and succeed. 2. The middle school appropriate to use the computerized program grades, as students have at this stage may have reached the stage of mental and emotional maturity than their parents to accept this model Researcher recommended a number of recommendations including: 1. The need for the adoption of computerized program in the teaching of Islamic education material for students of the fourth grade literary. 2. The need to inform teachers of Islamic education on the basis of computerized programs, and through educational courses or seminars, publications own. The researcher suggested to conduct a similar study in other stages of seminars and classes.

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Article
The Levels of Arabıc Language Department in Understandıng the Listenıımg
مستوى طلبة قسم اللغة العربية في فهم المسموع

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The Effect of Driver Model on the Achievement of Kurdish Language Students in Ancient Literature
أثر أنموذج درايفر في تحصيل مادة الأدب القديم لدى طلبة قسم اللغة الكردية

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The current research aims at knowing the effect of Driver on the Achievement of the literature on Kurdish Language Students. In order to achieve this aim, the two researchers have chosen 3rd stage students in Kurdish department – College of Education, Ibn Al-Rushd as to be field for applying their experiment. The sample is 61 students, where experimental group includes 31 students and control group (30) student. The two researchers have equalized between these two groups in respect to time, intelligence, and former year's final marks of the students in Literature. The two researchers have placed 51 behavioral goals based on (Bloom)classification in cognitive side; the experiment continued for one complete course, during which teacher of the subject taught the two groups of the research, she prepared post-test composing of two main questions , the first question includes 21 items , while the 2nd question includes 29 items .It has been verified its reliability by offering it to a set of experts in language and methods of teaching. After applying the test on two groups of the research and statistically processing data, it appeared that there were statistically differences at 0.05 for experiment group that studied according to Driver method.

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Article
The Effect of Using Brain Storming on the Achievement of the Biological Concepts of the Female Pupils at the Intermediate Stage
أثر استخدام أسلوب العصف الذهنيّ في تحصيل المفاهيم الاحيائية لدى طالبات المرحلة المتوسطة

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The Current research aims to identify the effect of Brain Storming in the achievement The Biological Concepts of the Female Pupils at the Intermediate Stage. and accordingly, hypothesis was formulated as following: - the null hypothesis: There is no statistically significant differences at the level (0.05) between the average degrees of the experimental group students who studied according to Brain Storming and the average degrees of the control group students who studied according to the traditional method in the achievement test . The present study is limited to the first-grade intermediate female students in Misan Province in 2010-2011. The researcher determined the material by the first three chapters from the first-grade biology textbook (2009).The research sample consists of (67) students ,which was divided to two groups ( 35 ) students for the experimental group and ( 32 ) students for the control group . The two groups were equalized with some variables that might affect the independent variable : 1-Pre-achievement in the subject matter of biology . 2-Pre- knowledge of the scientific materials . The Researcher put tool for the study: achievement test multiple-choice consists of ( 40 ) that measures the three levels of Bloom (remembering , comprehension , application). , both face validity and content validity are verified. By using the (K.R.-20) , the reliability of the test reached to (0,80). After the experiment and data analyze the study arrived at the following results: statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in achievement test on the behalf experimental group studied according to Brain Storming.

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Article
The Philosophy of Education in Modern Islamic Thought
فلسفة التربية في الفكر الإسلاميّ المعاصر

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Abstract

The study is about the educational method of the modern Islamic thought which aimed essentially to draw the features of the modern Islamic educational philosophy in its effort to achieve the aim of the universal mission in making the suitable man who carry this mission through building his inner content that consider the base of the movement of History and Society . The study includes an (Introduction) which includes the role of education and its effect in the complementary and declension of peoples according to its educational systems which reflects its whole philosophy of universe. The objects of research are : 1- The connection between the education and the whole conception of universe. 2- The elements of the educational method in Islam. 3- The crisis of the Islamic educational method. Then the research draws a conclusion contained the prominent results obtained in this study.

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Article
The Provisions of Contemporary Clues in Sharia and Law
احكام القرائن المعاصرة في الشريعة والقانون

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Truth, which we reach to by searching, is the aim of justice. Islamic sharia, through its jurisprudence rules ,has ratified ,stable and derived means through significance and signs, which are evidenced that aim something without using it. That means any proof stands on deriving unknown thing from another which is known. The jurists consider the presumption as a sign that leads us to the unknown matters ,concluded and derived from accompanied proofs for that ambiguous situation .Without these ,we can't reach to the truth .An example for that is the sing mentioned in the Holly Koran from the strong of Prophet Youssef 'peace of Good be on him' which says ;'If his shirt was torn from the face ,she is right and he is a liar ' and also in the speech of God messenger Mohammad 'prayers and peace of God to bean him 'that refers ;'the boy belongs to the bed ,and the lap is for the hoer '. And there are many conclusions that are derived from evidences that accompany the incidents which were used by the Prophets friend's ,'satisfaction of God to be on them ',to issue juristpondent rules aiming to prove the facet .From this ,we can say that there is ability to depend on contemporary devices like the hereditary print ,D.N.A analyzing or factory analysis of blood traces or hair ,and phonetic and photographic records ,or even the police dogs that they can be regarded as accompanied evidences that aiming the murder . Those proofs don'ts differ the meaning and approach the facts .Neglecting these evidences ,which are not contrasting ,mean the we may lose and waste the rights ,that were issued as resolutions by the Islamic Juristpondent Institute .

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Article
Luxury Bad behavior in the Holy Quran The Luxury of Bad Behaviour in the Holy Quran
الرفاهية المذمومة في القرآن الكريم (دراسة موضوعية)

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The researcher are studying the concept of luxury and smug this logic ignorant as problematic take meaningful dominated the will of the material well-being, and reverse the will of the faith and values in life systems and considers the researcher to subdue the subject of the perspective of subjective interpretation and referendum texts connects to the conviction to build a behavioral system clearly represents an anchor read Kan merits of the deal with the article, which should be subject to the standards and criteria developed by the Koran, there is a Koranic texts dealt with the matter and offered to him in detail and sometimes signal at other times, and this signal and detail as possible to reach an integrated perspective in this regard.

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Table of content: volume: issue: