جدول المحتويات

مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية

ISSN: 18192068
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

1. أسم المجلة : مجلة البحوث التربوية و النفسية
2. اختصاص المجلة : علوم تربوية ونفسية
3. جهة الاصدار : مركز البحوث التربوية والنفسية
4. سنة الاصدار : 1979
5. نوع الاصدار : فصلي
6. انجازات المجلة : 53 عدد
7. الجوائز الحاصلة عليها المجلة : كتب شكر عديدة
8. الاهداف الموسومة من المجلة :
- تنشيط حركة البحث العلمي في مجالات العلوم التربوية والنفسية، من خلال نشر البحوث التي تتوفر فيها شروط البحث العلمي الرصين
- نشر الوعي في القضايا التربوية والنفسية في الوسط الجامعي ومؤسسات المجتمع الاخرى .
- متابعة ما يستجد من نتاج علمي في حقول التربية وعلم النفس وطنياً وعربياً .
9. لغة النشر : عربية – انكليزية
10. نطاق التوزيع : داخل وخارج العراق
11. طريقة التحكيم العلمي (تقييم البحوث ) : ترسل الى خبير علمي متخصص .
12. مصادر التمويل: تمويل ذاتي
13. سعر النسخة : 25.000 خمسة عشر الف دينار للنسخة
14. المستلات واعدادها : مستلان لكل بحث

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معلومات الاتصال

jouranlepr@yahoo.com
موقع المجلة
http://jperc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/

009647503725675 whatsApp / viber

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: العدد: 52

Article
موقف القيادات الجامعية في الأردن من إلغاء وزارة التعليم العالي مدخلا لتنمية المجتمع

المؤلفون: جمعة الكبيسي --- محمد بني خالد
الصفحات: 1-21
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the position of the university leaders from the proposed abolition of the Ministry of Higher Education in Jordan as un approach for the development of society, the study relied descriptive method survey with the assistance consists of (33) items, and check validity and reliability of the instrument, and was applied to a sample of university leaders, (57) a leading university presidents and their assistants and deans and their assistants, and after processing the data bagful statistical( spss) overall results showed the to arithmetic average of (2.74) and the degree of medium and this means that most respondents moderately support the abolition of the ministry, the most prominent item that makes pay sample approval is a policy of discrimination adopted by the ministry in dealings between public universities and private universities, the study provided Vophsi eventually a number of recommendations and proposals.


Article
Domestic dialogue and its relationship with Self- Transcendence among pupils of grade praimary
الحوار الأسري وعلاقته بسمو الذات لدى تلامذة الصف السادس الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

The dialogue considers a method and life curriculum help to solve many problems as well as the best way to build a healthy family setting supports the growth of children and leads to the formation sound, strong and positive character. It also supports the family relationship. many of family members needs may achieve through what prevails among them such as continuing a comprehensive and deep combines word, deed and feeling it enters the body and soul . So each part strengthens by the other part and exchanges effect The deep domestic dialogue opens hearts between parents and children Family increases more loving , intimacy , honesty and happiness. So the domestic dialogue became an urgent necessity in the light of many social changes taking place in communities led to loss continuity between parents and children at a time when the need to increase dialogue especially after the spread of communications and means of various media revolution. The self-transcendence represents one of the important variables in personality , human transcendence and advancement results from the orientation of psychological strength to the absolute good that makes him pure , clear and humble. The intellectual purity leads to a great mental self-transcendence .i.e to develop the biological energy (material ) spiritual energy ( self-transcendence ) . The lofty energy that we need to control our emotions and to put an end of anxiety which became social phenomenon permeate in human life and makes him a creature interested in achievement of physical and virual existence only. The researchers built two measures : The first is for domestic dialogue and the second is for self-transcendence then the scale was applied to a sample of ( 500 ) pupils; male and female in sixth grade they were selected at random from the research community . After collecting the data were processed using appropriate statistical methods. The research found the following results :- 1. The pupils enjoy high level dialogue of the family. 2. There is no difference in the domestic dialogue on according to gender and congenital arrangement. 3. The pupils enjoy high level of self-transcendence 4. There is no difference in self-transcendence according to gender and congenital arrangement. 5. There is a positive correlation between the level of family dialogue and the level .(self-transcendence) reliance among sixth grade pupils. In light of the present results the researchers made a number of recommendations and a suggestions. Key word: Domestic dialogue , Self- Transcendence , pupils of sixth grade praimary.


Article
Emotional Tranquility For The Student Applied And It Relationship To Cognitive Representation Of Experience Curriculum
الطمانينة الانفعالية للطالبة المطبقة وعلاقتها بتمثيلها المعرفي لخبرة المنهج العملية

المؤلفون: امل داود سليم --- سوزان عبدالله محمد
الصفحات: 53-78
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الخلاصة

The role of teacher of kindergarten plays an important role in the educational institution for kindergarten role in the educational institution for kindergarten and the failure of its role in the development of the mental processes of children kindergarten means failing in this institution .and hence the importance and effectiveness of the role of the student applied section kindergarten application period it is there fore necessary to be aware of the importance of learning. in preschool and good professional setting and enjoy a significant level of psychological and social systems and mental qualities and study is the urgent need to find generations hare systematic thinker's mind so stay away from memorization and tradition and be able to face the problems and challenges ahead and then is serious scientific step to identify the level of emotional reassurance to students the absolute and its impact on knowledge representation in the curriculum experience provided to kindergarten so the researcher has developed the following objectives ;. 1¬-identify the level of emotional reassurance to student applied. 2- identify the level of knowledge representation with pamphlets to students the experience of the curriculum . 3-disclosure of the relationship between emotional tranquility and knowledge representation among students and pamphlets included a sample search (120) students from the third and fourth phase of the students in the kindergarten section was prepared paragraphs measure representation and be (50) and adopt emotional tranquility that had prepared the return (2002) (90) included a paragraph after using statistical methods the result showed the following: 1-astatistically significant difference between purchasing the arithmetic average of a sample research and premise for emotional reassurance at scale (0.05). 2-astatistically significant difference between purchasing the arithmetic average of a sample research and premise for emotional reassurance to measure cognitive representation when the level indication (0.05). 3-there is no relationship between the function of degrees of emotional reassurance and knowledge representation in a sample search.


Article
Frustration degree and guilt among drug addicts harmful to themselves Abstract
درجة الشعور بالإحباط والذنب لدى مدمني المخدرات المؤذين لأنفسهم

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to identify the degree of frustration and guilt among addicts who hurt themselves with drug, and to know the addicts perspective who are in treatment clinics and rehabilitation centers in Palestine, in order to achieve this goal aDeterminationThe study population has been identified , this study population consisted of ' (82) addict, the researcher used the descriptive analytical method which is appropriate for this study, so the researcher questioned the addicts who are in treatment clinics and rehabilitation centers in Palestine and analyze their responses in light of some of the variables. The study results showed that drug addicts who are in treatment clinics and rehabilitation centers in Palestine suffering from a high degree of frustration in all field that would be related to family , work, friends, Parents , treatment clinics and finally therapeutic supervisor. Also the results showed that drug addicts suffering from a high degree of feeling guilt.


Article
The effectiveness of the structural model of learning in the acquisition of geographical concepts among students of the first grade average)
فعالية أنموذج التعلم البنائي في اكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية لدى طالبات الصف الاول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to find out ( the effectiveness of the structural model of learning in the acquisition of geographical concepts at the first grade average students ) , and achieving the goals of research has been formulating the null hypothesis of the following : " There is no difference statistically significant when Mistoi (0.5 ) between the mean scores of the collection of students in the experimental group that is studying the general geographical principles " Bonmozj constructivist learning " and the mean scores of the control group , which is considering the same article ," the traditional way " to acquire concepts. The researcher adopted the experimental design of designs with a partial seizure type , design group ( experimental and control ) with posttest experimental design for this study. For the purpose of measuring the acquisition of geographical concepts in the subject of the general geographical Principles for the students of the two sets of research in the subjects studied by the researcher , it prepared a test for it , as it consisted of a single question, multiple choice , and reached the number of paragraphs (45 ) items. The study resulted in the following conclusion : Higher than students who studied experimental group Bonmozj constructivist learning , the students of the control group who studied traditional way , if it reaches the arithmetic mean of the experimental group ( 25.454 ), while reached the arithmetic mean of the control group ( 20 878 ) , at the significance level ( 0.05 ) in posttest , and this means that the students who studied the specimen constructivist learning the best in the acquisition of geographical concepts of the students who was their teaching in the traditional manner .


Article
The impact of the proposed strategy in accordance with the objectives of science in achievement and some science operations at the second-grade middle students in chemistry
أثر استراتيجية مقترحة على وفق أهداف العلم في التحصيل وبعض عمليات العلم عند طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الكيمياء

المؤلفون: kamil Karim Obeid كامل كريم عبيد
الصفحات: 141-170
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الخلاصة

It aim current researchs֬ to identify the impact of a proposed strategy in accordance with the objectives of science in the achievement and some science processes, where the experimental method was adopted, and define the research community was students second grade averag in Education Bagdad / Rusafa third, research sample intentionally chosen as school Radwan, and (30) students experimental group and (29) of control group, research tools were achievement test and the test of science operations and use the appropriate statistical tools to process information and data, showing results, the experimental group surpassed the control group in the collection and operations science, and light it, the researcher recommended several recommendations


Article
The Mathematical construct and its relationship with effective mathematical operations in both sides of the brain among students of the Department of Mathematics at the Colleges of Education and Basic Education
البنية الرياضية وعلاقتها بالعمليات الرياضية الفاعلة في جانبي الدماغ لدى طلبة قسم الرياضيات في كليات التربية والتربية الاساسية

المؤلفون: Ammar Tauma Jasim . عمار طعمه جاسم الساعدي
الصفحات: 171-206
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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify: 1. The level of mathematical construct among the Department of Mathematics students in the colleges of education and basic education. 2. The level of effective mathematical operations in both sides of the brain at the Department of Mathematics students in the colleges of education and basic education. 3. The strength and direction of the correlation between the mathematical construct and effective mathematical operations on both sides of the brain at the Department of Mathematics students in the colleges of Education and Basic Education. To investigate the research objectives, the researcher formulated zero-main hypothesis for each aim and from the same hypothesis, three sub-zero hypotheses are derived. The current research community has included the fourth-year students (171 subjects) from the departments of mathematics students in the colleges of Education and Basic Education - Misan University (Morning Studies) for the academic year (2015-2016). Because the number of the community is small, the current research has included all fourth-year students in the mathematics department at the colleges of Education and Basic Education - Misan University except the students in the exploratory sample which are (30) subjects, were taken equally from the students of the Department of Mathematics in the two colleges. Therefore, the size of sample was (141) students; (63) students are from the College of Education and (78) students are from the College of Basic Education. The researcher had prepared a test of effective mathematical operations on both sides of the brain is composed of (34) items distributed among three fields. He proved its validity, reliability and to the statistical analysis of its items. He used a template test for mathematical construct, which was used before. He modified some its items linguistically, rearranged some of them and numbered in a different way, and check its validity, reliability and the statistical analysis to its items. The final draft of the test included (36) objective items, (23) multiple- choice items and (7) items of the pairing type (they included 55 sub-items). After the application of the two tools of the research on a sample of research and data analysis, the researcher obtained the following results: 1. The students of research sample have the mathematical construct at the required level. 2. The research sample students have effective mathematical operations on both sides of the brain at the required level. 3. Statistically, there is significant correlation between the mathematical construct and the effective mathematical operations on both sides of the brain among the students of the research sample. Based on the research results, the researcher formulated a number of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions


Article
Effectiveness of fishbowl strategy on intermediate students’ achievement in geography subject
فاعلية استراتيجية حوض السمك في التحصيل لدى طلاب المرحلة المتوسطة في مادة الجغرافيا

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of fishbowl strategy as one of the effective learning strategies for intermediate students’ achievement in geography subject. To do this, three classes of second intermediate were chosen from Noor Al-Mustafa School for academic years (2015-2016). (64) Student were selected as a sample that distributed into two equal groups: experimental and control group. The research used the achievement test as an instrument to come up with the finding of the study. The experiment began on Tuesday 13th of October 2015 and ended on Tuesday 5th January 2016. Through this time, the researcher taught them the first and second chapter in geography of Arab homeland using fishbowl strategy for experimental group and traditional method for control group. The author utilized T-test, Chi-square, and Pearson correlation coefficient to get the results. The result revealed that there are statistically significant differences at the level of (0, 05) between the mean scores of achievement test which went to experimental group.


Article
نحو نموذج نظري للشخصية الارهابية وتمايزها عن الشخصية السيكوباثية

المؤلفون: علي تركي نافل القريشي
الصفحات: 233-254
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الخلاصة

The current theoretical research targeted to construct a model of terrorist personality and its differentiation from psychopathic personality . Several assumptions or theories of perspectives of psychopathic personality have been compared with the terrorist personality studies that concerned . The suggested theoretical model is interrupting the terrorist personality . The conclusions , discussions are mentioned. Finally, recommendation is suggested .


Article
Science book second grade content analysis according to the Dimensions Of Sustainable Development
تحليل محتوى كتاب العلوم للصف الثاني الابتدائي وفقاً لأبعاد التنمية المستدامة

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الخلاصة

The objective of this research is to analyze the content of science textbook at the elementary level, according to the dimensions of sustainable development for the academic year (2015-2016). To achieve this goal has been to build a list with dimensions of sustainable development to be included in science textbooks in primary school, after seeing the collection of literature and research and studies, as has been reached to the list of the dimensions of the three sustainable development and social, economic and environmental in the initial image consisted of (63) the issue of sub-divided the three-dimensional, the menu and offered a group of arbitrators and specialists in curriculum and teaching methods, and thus the menu consisted in its final form (55) sub-issue. Then analyzed the researcher content of science textbooks in the elementary stage in the light of the list that has been built, and included a content analysis (155) page, and adopted the idea and unit for recording and repetition unit of the census, have been certified for analysis by a random sample of it presented to the arbitrators was carried out and all of them the validity of the analysis, and the use of Holsti equation has been the stability analysis account agreement with analysts outside and with the researcher herself, and the most important findings of the researcher's book Science for second grade primary in second place came by (32.48%) of (55) again, . In light of the search results researcher recommended a number of recommendations including: 1. Attention sub-neglected issues and work to be included in science textbooks for the primary stage. The researcher has proposed an update to this study several proposals, including: 1. The need for a teacher's guide includes dimensions of sustainable development, which should seek to reinforce the students


Article
بناء أنموذج لتقويم مادة هندسة البرامجيات من وجهة نظر التدريسيين

المؤلفون: ابتسام حسين فياض --- مميسم رعد يوسف
الصفحات: 281-329
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الخلاصة

The aim of the present research is to construct a model to evaluate the software engineering subject in the third grade department of Computing, in colleges of education. Then, evaluating the software Engineering subject from the view point of staff members by applying the constructed model, and in order to achieve the second aim of the present research the researcher has to find answers to the following questions:- 1. What is the presence of the proposed evaluating model fields, which was prepared by the researcher for the third grade Soft Ware Engineering subject from the view point of staff members? 2. What is the presence of the items for the proposed evaluating model, which was prepared by the researcher for the third grade Soft Ware Engineering subject from the view point of staff members? To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher used as a population of her research all the department of Computing staff members who taught Soft Ware Engineering subject for the current academic year 2014-2015 and the previous years, as well as the specialist who were presence at the meeting of the sect oral Committee in colleges of education for Iraqi Universities (Baghdad, Al-Mustansiriya, Diyala, Al-Iraqia, ThiQar ,Basrah, Hamdania, and Mosul), Totaling (58)staff members, The researcher has chosen intentionally four universities (Baghdad, al-Mustansiriya, Diyalaand al-Iraqia) to be the sample of her research. The researcher used a descriptive approach, and in order to prepare a list of items that are essential for the evaluating model as a first draft, the researcher has depended on previous studies in the field and on the opinions of (20) experts engaged in teaching distributed in colleges of education at Baghdad and al-Mustansiriya universities, through spreading an open ended questionnaire includes six questions, to propose what is suitable to be included in the evaluating model, The first list included the following six fields The list of items was distributed to a sample of (15), then the researcher gave them enough time to check each item and removing or adding what is suitable for the model to become in its final draft which included (125) items,The researcher followed up with (10) ten experts Delphi style throughout three rounds to reach the final form of the evaluating model, and there was a complete agreement among them ,The researcher applied the evaluating model in its final form among (40) staff members, and giving them enough time to answer. Answers were later analyzed statically by using a number of statistical methods and checked the results using (SPSS),It has been found that staff members agree on the achievement of all of the six evaluating model fields in software engineering subject and an achievement of (115) of the evaluating model items with percentage of (%92),The results showed an achievement of the subject aims and methods of teaching and students evaluation, It showed the marginalization of the applied side and focus on theory in all areas whether aims or content and even teaching methods and activities, evaluation, and the shortage of modernizing and developing the syllables section compatibility with showed few inclinations and interests of students.


Article
اعداد دليل المعلم لكتب الحاسوب للمرحلة المتوسطةعلى وفق انماط التعلم

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الخلاصة

The aim of the research is Analysis of Computer books for middle school according to learning styles .the research community was (all computer books for middle school represented first middle grade and second middle grade book) were selected (Questions and activities of two book Computer for middle school) as sample for research and research methodology descriptive and analytical approach were relayed, the instrument for research was prepare analysis list of computer book content for the first and second medium grades according to analysis in a form to format(4-MAT) for McCarthy four styles (imaginative, analytical, logical, dynamic) The total list pointers (53) indicator and then verify ,its validity and reliability where reliability coefficient ranged between (0.92 and 0.95)adopted the percentage of iterations as means of statistical research. the results of analysis:-Disparity in the distribution of the four styles according to the model of format (4MAT) for McCarthy in the content of Computer book for intermediate school. The order of the four styles of two books was (logical, analytical, dynamic, imaginary) as descending order. According to those results have been prepared the Teacher's Guide for Questions and activities for the book Computer intermediate stage in a form to format (4-MAT) for McCarthy to learning styles into account the balance of the four styles in each chapter of two Computer books for middle school classes were defined general and specific objectives of the guide as well as identifying behavioral objectives for content Article three areas (knowledge, skills, emotional) for each chapter of the directory have been verified of its goodness


Article
أثر استراتيجية الاستقصاء العقلاني في اكتساب عمليات العلم الاساسية لدى طلاب الثاني المتوسط في مادة الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

Recent research have aimed to know the effect of rational inquiry strategy on acquisition basic science processes for second intermediate students in physics. To verify the aim of this research , the researchers added the following zero hypotheses : No statistically significant differences at the level of significance (0.05) between the students mean scores of the two groups on basic science Processes test. The research was carried out on the second intermediate grade male students in Alam Al Yakeen school in Baghdad; belong to Education Directorate Al- Karkh/2, for the Academic Year (2014-2015) A.D. Prepared research requirements included ] selected the scientific subject chapters (6,7,8,9) from physics textbook, the formulation of behavioral objectives, prepared instructional plans for the experimental groups and control groups[ , after the presentation to a group of specialists . The researchers applied research tools by themself, and he adopts basic science processes test for (Qaisi ,2012) within the limits of his research, consists of (24) items of multiple choice and alternatives (4) by (8) paragraphs for each mental process, namely, (observation, measurement, classification, inference, prediction, communication, use of numbers, use the relationships of space and time). The research sample was selected intentionally by the researcher which consisted of (69) male students, randomized into two groups (35) students in experimental group and (34) students in control group. The two groups students have been equalization by the following variables: (Pre physics knowledge, physics scores at mid-year, age in month, basic science processes pre- test). Experimental group students studied by using rational inquiry strategy and the control group students studied by using traditional method, one of the researchers studied the two research groups by him two lessons per week. Research tool, were applied, basic science processes test to the students of the two groups, after completion the study of Physics chapters under research. Statistical tools used to deal with the results. The results showed (There is a statistically significant difference) between the experimental & control group students on basic science processes test, favor the experimental group students. According to mentioned above , the researchers had a number of recommendations which including to use in rational inquiry strategy teaching physics. In light of the results, researchers suggested a researcher that made conduct the effect of " rational inquiry strategy" on other variables and its effect on other science subjects


Article
DEVELOP SCALE OF SELECTIV MUTISM WITH PUPILS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS
بناء مقياس الصمت الاختياري لدى طلاب المرحلة الابتدائية

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to develop scale of Selectiv Mutism with pupils of primary schools according to their teachers' view in Baghdad city (Karh and Resaf(. Children might choose the mutism as the solution to avoid some psychological and social problems that surrounded them. Furthermore, this could consider as a disorder that could effect the child and led him to use the Selected Mutism. This is supported by the pilot study which was conducted by the researcher on 150 teachers in different primary schools in Baghdad. The results revealed some symptoms were found with children who have selected mutism. Because of there was no scale was found to measure the Selected Mutism, a scale was develop in order to measure the Selected Mutism on pupils of primary schools. In order to achieve the study aim, the researcher had followed the following steps: 1- some items was formulated and collected according to the literature review and the pilot study that was conducted on teachers from different primary schools in Baghdad. The scale included 48 items. 2- The scale was presented on number of experts of psychologist in order to evaluate the validity of items of the scale. According expert's view, all the items were appropriate and validate. 3- The test was conducted on 100 students (female and male) according to their teachers' view who were chosen randomly from four primary schools in Baghdad (Resafaa and Kharh) for the academic year 2014-2015. 4- Some statistical analysis were used with the items (discrimination, and validation). 5- Some psychometric properties were conduced:  The face validity.  Reliability: Cronbach's alpha was used and the reliability score was( .96). 6- After the results of statistical analysis, 12 items were excluded from the scale and the final version of the scale was includes 36 items. 7- Some recommendation and suggestions were presented in order to develop the study in the future


Article
أثر إستراتيجية عظم السمك بتحصيل الكيمياء والتعلم المنظم ذاتيا لطلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط

المؤلفون: أنور عباس محمد
الصفحات: 405-437
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to investigate the effect of fish bone in the of chemistry and self-organized learning for students of the second grade‚ achievement . The study sample consisted of 84 students from the second grade students middel in the of alrasheed boys school, of the Directorate of Educational Karkh II, in two divisions, Division of (a) an experimental group that studied the strategy fish bone, and the Division (d) a control group which studied the usual way. The results indicated the presence of significant differences in favor of the experimental group that studied using the fish bone in achievement and learning self-organized strategy students


Article
تقويم جودة مهارات التدريس لدى مدرسي الرياضيات في المرحلة الإعدادية الفرع العلمي من وجهة نظرهم

المؤلفون: صباح سعيد حمادي --- اريج خضر حسن
الصفحات: 438-470
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الخلاصة

Research aims at evaluating the quality of the teaching skills of math teachers in junior high / scientific branch from their point of view. The researchers prepared for this purpose a quality of teaching skills standards questionnaire, It consisted of 72 items distributed on four axis, The research sample was 200 teachers The researchers used statistical methods: the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, variance test, test Shiva , The results showed a statistically significance difference Attributed to the qualification variable in the second axis (Planning for teaching topics) And the absence of statistical difference function, Attributed to the qualification variable in the first axis(contact and Communicate with students) and The third axis ( Evaluation of student learning and provide feedback ) The fourth axis Lesson Implementation. The results showed a statistically significant difference attributable to variable sex in the second axis (planning to teach topics) and The third axis evaluation of student learning and provide feedback) And the lack of significant difference due to the variable sex in the first axis( to contact and communicate with students) and fourth axis ( lesson Implementation ) And the existence of a a statistically significance difference Attributed to the College variable in the second axis (Planning for teaching topics) And the absence of statistical difference function, Attributed to the College variable in the first axis(contact and Communicate with students) and The third axis ( Evaluation of student learning and provide feedback ) and The fourth axis (Lesson Implementation).


Article
Difficulties in the application of modern trends in physics in middle schools of the province of Baghdad, from the perspective of teachers of physics
صعوبات تطبيق الاتجاهات الحديثة لتدريس مادة الفيزياء في المدارس الثانوية لمحافظة بغداد من وجهة نظر مدرسي ومدرسات الفيزياء

المؤلفون: Adel Kamel Shabib عادل كامل شبيب
الصفحات: 471-490
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الخلاصة

The goal of current research is to identify the difficulties in the application of modern physics in the middle schools of the province of Baghdad schools from the perspective of teachers of physics trends, sample search of (127) teachers, Karkh Third Directorate, and use Researcher questionnaire data collection tool after applying it to teachers who have experience (5) years and more after confirmation of the validity and reliability of the scale (the tool) researcher has used the averages for the purpose of interpreting the results. the results showed that the difficulties have been in the order following: (difficulties related educational environment of modern trends of teaching, curriculum-related difficulties, difficulties related to students, difficulties related to the teacher) as the researcher presented a set of recommendations and proposals


Article
Test anxiety and cognitive representation among university students
قلق الامتحان وعلاقته بالتمثيل المعرفي لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: ايناس محمد مهدي
الصفحات: 491-510
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to determine the relationship between test anxiety and cognitive representation among university students. To this end, 152 student (male, female) were chosen randomly from scientific and social departments to fill out the questionnaires of test anxiety and cognitive representation. The researcher utilized Independent Samples T-Test, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, Cronbach's alpha and T-Test in his study. The result revealed that there were negative and a weak correlation between test anxiety and cognitive representation among university students.


Article
The emotional stability development, Ages 11 to 14 Years
نمو الثبات الانفعالي بعمر (11-14) سنة

المؤلفون: . زينة عبد المحسن راشد
الصفحات: 511-534
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الخلاصة

يهدف البحث الحالي إلى نمو الثبات الانفعالي بعمر (11-14) سنة، ويتحقق ذلك من خلال التعرف على : 1- الفروق في مستوى نمو الثبات الانفعالي على وفق متغير العمر. 2- الفروق في مستوى نمو الثبات الانفعالي على وفق متغير النوع (الذكور، والإناث) . استخدمت الباحثة في البحث الحالي المنهج الوصفي، وقد تكونت عينة البحث من (165) فردا موزعين على مديرية تربية بغداد الرصافة الأولى من المدارس ، وقد اختيروا بالأسلوب الطبقي العشوائي نوع التوزيع المتناسب من (3) مدارس، وقامت الباحثة ببناء مقياس بحثها من خلال اطلاعها على عدد من الدراسات، والاختبارات السابقة، والأدبيات ذات العلاقة بالثبات الانفعالي، وتم التحقق من خصائصه السايكومترية المتمثلة بـ (الصدق الظاهري- الصدق التمييزي- صدق البناء - علاقة درجة الفقرة بالدرجة الكلية للمقياس – الثبات). عند معالجة بيانات البحث الحالي إحصائيا باستخدام معامل التمييز، ومعامل ارتباط بوينت بايسيريل، ومعامل ألفا كرونباخ، وتحليل التباين الاحادي، وطريقة شيفية، والاختبار التائي لعينين مستقلتين؛ أسفرت نتائج البحث عن : 1- إن نمو الثبات الانفعالي يسير على وفق تطور العمر الزمني لأفراد عينة البحث الحالي. 2- إن نمو الثبات الانفعالي وتطوره يتأثر بعوامل ومتغيرات أهمها النضج والخبرة. 3- إن نمو الثبات الانفعالي عند الذكور لا يختلف عما هو عند الإناث في المرحلتين العمريتين (11) سنة و(14) سنة؛ بينما يختلفان في المرحلتين العمريتين (12) سنة، و(13) سنة.


Article
التغذيةالراجعةالحيوية وعلاقاتها بأمراض الفم والاسنان (صرير الاسنان واضطراب المفصل الصدغي الفكي)

المؤلفون: سعدي جواد مسلم
الصفحات: 535-562
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الخلاصة

The bio feedback regarded as one of modern concepts and techniques that are based on the use of mind power to improve the health of the body, according to principle effect of the mind in the body can improve health, without the need to use drug therapy. It has been checked that the ability to use the power of the mind in this field in many of the research and scientific studies. Although biofeedback seem to be as a modern concept, and its own technology, but it is a wide and transmitted subject which spread to most of modern science and knowledge, whether in the fields of psychology and its branches and various specialties including Psychophysiology or the various medical fields, including psychiatry, as a therapeutic medicine complementary and alternative techniques, and biofeedback include individual training on the involuntary responses of the body and functions control through these techniques, a person can handle all of the psychological and physical problems and can also help "in reducing health problems, research has shown that biofeedback help or control many medical and health of spaces which will be addressed In this current research, as well as search for biofeedback therapy effects on the oral diseases, including in particular disorders like (Bruxism) and jaw Temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ Disorder). As the search also identify the most important functions and concepts and to ensure biofeedback therapy and what they are and motivator kinds and uses of the most important clinical applications of the various pathological conditions and health problems. The researcher made a number of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions


Article
العنف ضد المرأة وعلاقته بالألم النفسي لموظفات جامعة بغداد

المؤلفون: الطاف عبد الرزاق هادي
الصفحات: 563-587
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الخلاصة

The current research aims at identifying the level of violence against women and relationship with psychological pain according to social status . To achieve the aims of the study a sample has been chosen to be (200) employers distributed to five colleges at Baghdad university. The violence scale which consists of (23) items in its final from , and the psychological pain scale which consists of (30) items in its final form and extracted validity and reliability of the scale the findings of the study include the following :- 1- The employers of Baghdad university don’t have any violence. 2- The employers of Baghdad university don’t have any psychological pain . 3- There was relationship between the violence and psychological pain. 4- The difference in violence comparisons according to the social status to the benefit of the divorced women. the light of the findings the researcher set numbers of recommendations and suggestions.


Article
The impact of teaching with analogies in collection of chemistry students grade average and their attitudes towards article
اثر التدريس بالتشبيهات في تحصيل مادة الكيمياء لدى طلاب الصف الثاني متوسط واتجاههم نحو المادة

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الخلاصة

this research aims to identify the impact of teaching with ana logies in collection of chemistry students grade average.And direction in order to verify to the zero hypothesis has been formulated and validated,The researcher conducted experiment lasted a full semester as experimental design was chosen (exactly)two equal one pilot and another officer.The research community has been selected one of intentional Middle School of the Education Directorate in B aghdad Karkh second either search sample consisted of (68) students from second grade average (34 ) Students for each group randomly selected research groups was equal to the following variables (lifetime months,parent of first grade chemistry degrees average test information,gauge trend) wetalft search tools (test-grades and atrend towards chemistry) processed statistical data using appropriate statistical methods ,including((T-test for two equal independent, the difficult and easy equation and strength of characteristic the items and effectiveness of wrong alternatives, Pearson correlation equation, kay box(Ka) the equation - alpha Cronbach))was reached at a statistically significant level indication (0.05) and for the experimental group, and that the zero hypothesis is rejected , In light of this, the researcher give some recommendations :most notably achemistry teacher to see the types of analogies and howto choose the nature of the Encourage teachers students reading foreign books and apply individual sensitive educational activit ,As well as Support ways and means that work to consolidate the positive trends towards chemistry.study researcher proposed as similar to the current study but other variables, such as development of creative thinking and scientific Tendency and scientific thinking, complement to search


Article
المواطنة وعلاقتها بالمسؤولية الاجتماعية لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: زينة عبد الامير عبد الحسن
الصفحات: 619-647
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الخلاصة

Represents the individual's sense of responsibility in various forms, important for personal normal traits, whether the responsibility towards the family, or the institution in which it operates, or about colleagues and friends and neighbors and other people who mingle with them, or about society in general, or about humanity as a whole, though the hair everyone in the community of responsibility towards other people who are assigned to care for them and take care of them, and some noticeable work that people anywhere if Have the social responsibility, and stressed in their actions to the general principles of such cooperation, sacrifice and altruism and love and helping others, and if it prevailed in such behaviors, it will be reflected on the nature of society and the degree of stability, but if there was the contrary, this society, will suffer from the sharp deterioration of the divisions in the community structure, and that it was up as well as to what is going through this community of force majeure, both politically and economically and which affects the social offender where and Kdaany Iraqi society from multiple problems, led to the lack of political and social stability, and therefore, the loss of a sense of belonging to the homeland and social integration with the community leads to the direction of the individual to the narrow tribal loyalties, tribal, sectarian and nationalist ( al-Jubouri, 2009:55 ) Thus, the verification of the above case is a problem that tries to look her studies by identifying the relationship between citizenship and social responsibility among university students Research Goals aims to identify research: 1- citizenship among university students 2- social responsibility among university students 3- relationship between citizenship and social responsibility among university students In order to achieve the goals of current research, the researcher building Standart citizenship and social responsibility in accordance with the view adopted in this research has citizenship measure be 30 paragraph Lama social responsibility scale may be a 35-paragraph has been checked reliability and validity of scales and then it has been applied to a sample search (400) students have reached the current search: 1-The research sample have a sense of belonging and ensuring the country succumbed to the circumstances faced by the country. 2- that Aebenh current research have high sense of social responsibility. 3-azart results that there is a link between citizenship and social responsibility as it can be explained by a sense of belonging, which is a key indication for citizenship as well as the sense of duty towards society

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