Table of content

al-academy

مجلة الاكاديمي

ISSN: 25232029 18195229
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Fine Arts
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

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jornal of the college of fine Arts University of baghdad

web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

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email : al.academy@cofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq
phone number: 009647703467114
web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume: issue:83

Article
The Origins of Chinese Influence on Pottery in the Tang and Song Dynasties
مرجعيات الفكر الصيني على الخزف في عهد سلالة تانغ وسونغ

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Abstract

This research study of influence of Chinese thought on porcelain in the tang and song period, the study came into four sections, which are: * First section contains general framework of the research, which include the problem, which is represented by following of questions: 1- Is there intellectual and ideological dimensions in Chinese porcelain? 2-What are the mechanisms and techniques of Chinese porcelain? .the importance of this research and the need counted as a study providing cognitive addition into the Chinese arts field, especially ceramics of the Chinese. The aim of the research included of areas of artistic creativity in Chinese pottery and ceramics according to the bases of construction and composition. As the importance of research, lies in the promise of the study provide added knowledge in the field of Chinese porcelain. The objectives of this study were the disclosure of intellectual and ideological dimensions and its impact on Chinese porcelain. The study deals with the period between (9 to 12) and a place of (China) .The researcher defined the terminology whom it were mentioned inside this search *Second section has included theoretical framework of the research so it contains three divisions, which are: The first topic dealt with Chinese thought. The second historical references china. The third topic of Chinese motifs and methods of formation *Third section has included procedures of the research and has chosen three samples and then analyzed them within the descriptive and analytical way. *Fourth section has been specialized in order to show the results and conclusions as well as recommendations, proposals and index of research sources

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Article
The constructional shifts in Picassos Ceramics Search
الانزياحات البنائيــــــــة في خزفيات بيكاسو

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Abstract

With the massive presence of the critical approaches &, artistical School, movements, methods, Concepts, & theories, which came to take its chance from arts in general view & the plastic arts in special view. The Searches of fine arts & what this methods present from excitement become the point for many questions, & go to the purposes to be useful. For the artistic Work to come out in aesthetic image, especially on the subject of reading& reception, & entering it into layout of multiple relationships, for the artistic Work to be more simulation of the appearances of the things & interpreted it in Accor. Dance to aesthetic that Limited by the new method. With those Innovative Visions, & Composite Systems that has Contradiction that take the artistic Work in Spatial anomalies& structural Shifts that blends its Vocabulary in Counteractions, Shift, & disorder, That makes Figurative glitch in accordance to this Contemporary theory which proportions with technology revolution & Scientific technology. The shift appears to find from the artistic figure, whatever its type, whether it is in drawing, carving, or Ceramic, the organization of differences, & the gap of tension happens to give the originality of the work to the inter predation, toward breaking the traditional style which go beyond the Vocabulary of the work breaking the Connected Construction, with modern intellectual trans formations, & here comes the term of Constructional Shift which enters wish the perceptions of the mind to Contribute in Changing the mop of Plastic art, & for the Ceramic art be one of the that its Vocabulary lay multiple choice in reading. For this reason, this Search is Coming: the constructional Shift in Picassos Ceramics. That cant be looking for any ceramic work if there are no operations of reception that lead to read the Ceramic work. It enters the receiver in Conversation with the show, & for this Conversation is active role to give the Ceramic work its meaning, describing it as a result for Communication between the work & its place. Hence, the receiver becomes active member in meaning production operation, to move the work in more than one place for its structural Vocabularies, In mental image, The reading that accomplished is speaking, & this Certainly in

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Article
The Constructive Mutation of installation Systems in the works of the artist Ali Al-Najar ِArt
المتحول البنائي لأنظمة التركيب في أعمال الفنان علي النجار

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Abstract

The research entitled: (The Constructive Mutation of installation Systems in the Artworks of the artist Ali Al-Najar) has dealt with the concept of Mutation and its systematizations in installation in the artworks of (Ali Al-Najjar). The research has four chapters: The first Chapter deals with the methodological framework represented by the basic problem of the research, that is concerned with the constructive mutation of installation systems. The research aims at finding out the constructive mutation of installation systems in the artwork of ( Ali al-Najar). The research is limited by analyzing visual samples of (Ali Al-Najjar) artworks betwen (1967-1991) The second chapter deals with the theoretical framework, it has five sections. the first one studies the installation systems in art (historical referense), the second one deals with the technical mutation and the intellectual and technological development and their connections with painting, the third section concerns with the of constructive mutation in International contemporary Painting, While The fourth one deals with the constructive mutation in Iraqi Contemporary Painting, The fifth section: studies The artistic experience of Ali al-Najar. The third chapter deals with the research Procedures, and The Population and Samples of The research which includes three artworks, Then the research tool and the sample analysiz. . The fourth chapter included the conclusions. the researcher has drawn the following conclusions: 1-The artist has adopted the Style of exoticness to express extreme psychological states. the metaphysical construction systems are considered as a representation of hunting opposite spatial moments isolated from realistic subjectivity. 2-The artist depends on construction Systematization after insighting The spatial formation of the shape. The mutation from the past & preseat to the future has been achieved by gathering of negative reality supported by ranishing the formative structure and promoting to metaphysics

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Article
The Sgrafitto’s technique and its impacts on the contemporary ceramic art
تقنية " السكــرافيتو " وتــــأثيرها على فن الخزف المعاصر

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Abstract

The current study deals with one of the ancient and modern techniques of ceramic art, which has evolved dramatically. This technique is interested in the muddy Body and its coloring, rather than interesting in the coloring of the layer on the surface of the glass port on the ceramic object. It is classified as ceramic techniques of the single heartburn, where use many coloring oxides. As well as, the use of (Pigment), which is often made of metal compounds, or metal oxides such as iron and manganese, copper and cobalt and more others. The first chapter includes the problem, the importance, the goal, and the boundaries of the study. In addition, focuses on determining the terms such as (Sgrafitto). The second chapter consists of two topics, history of the Sgrafitto, and the Sgrafitto’s technique. Additionally, the chapter indicates the theoretical framework. The third chapter, includes the study Procedures, research methodology, the samples and the analysis of the study samples, which consisted of three models of three well-known potters in America; Martin O. Quintana –Sylvian Meschia-Tim Christensen. Finally, in the fourth chapter, the results of the study are listed. The most significant are: The Sgrafitto is a technique that based on the own visions of the potter himself, as it relates to the activities of thinking, feeling and perception. Artist is gaining a tremendous amount of information and experiences through the design and implementation of experimentation, if we take into consideration that this technique depends mainly on the talent and the ability to create and innovate. The dominant element in the structure of the artwork is the (color), as it is one of the means of expression of the feelings and emotions of the artist. He holds the visions and prospects between reality, art, and the environment, which associated color and Material harmonically in the first place. This is what the artist is looking for and looking to achieve. In addition, this increases the importance of the role of color in the main executing various works by the technology of Sgrafitto

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Article
Alienation form for ornament’s clouds in Quran
الاغتراب الشكلي للسحب الزخرفية في المصحف الشريف

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Abstract

This research attend about Alienation form for ornament’s clouds in Quran, which includes four parts, the first part talks about the research problem, the researcher identified by following question :( what’s the Alienation form for ornament’s clouds in Quran?). And then the research importance. The research goal talks about Alienation form for ornament’s clouds in Quran. And also research borders, likes means objectives borders, places borders, As well as Terms Definitions, in second part talks about Theoretical framework and previous studies, includes two parts, the first one study Alienation form, meaning and understandable, the second one talks about Alienation form in Islamic arts, As well as the researcher find only one study has relation with this study, after that’s his foxing for Theoretical framework Indicators , the third part of this study talks about (research procedures), and then rely to Descriptive analytical method to analysis The samples, (4) (50%) Of the total (8) samples according to goal of research. Then find some Results Including: 1- The Alienation form can found it in the movement of snack like (1, 4) (50%), this type of cloud is characterized by giving manifestation physically and aesthetically distinct. 2- The Alienation form lobular Heart pinned like form (1, 2, 3) (75%).this type used for Repetition property. 3- The ornament’s cloud makes inverse rotation Organize like (S) letter in English (3) (25%). 4-The ornament’s cloud makes Free regulation (1, 3) (50%). This Organize has Diversity design, because Get rid of the monotony, to give the ornament’s clouds Exciting and attract the attention. The Conclusions Including: 1- Employ the decorative for floral decorations Design, to add new decorative Reflect Functional and aesthetic results. 2- The Alienation form gives many design options to make good forms Compatible with Core Area. After the Conclusions, the researcher talks about Recommendations and suggestions

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Article
Structural mechanisms formative (Goldman) reading done Studio talk And their role in raising Criticism knowledge
آليات البنيوية التكوينية (لـغولدمان)في قراءة المنجز التشكيلي الحديث ودورها في تربية المعرفة النقدية

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Abstract

Facing the receiver (critic) problematic understanding of modern art done, which turned positive professional image to symbolic language, which gave it authenticity previous Arts advantage, and this latest progress in critical reading contemporary and several mechanisms for analyzing literary texts and plastic, including textural fabric. And we suffer from the absence of cash the recipient culture (learner), so the current search goal focused on detecting structural mechanisms formative (Goldman) reading done modern art and its role in raising criticism knowledge (learner). Defining the theoretical framework of chapter II by discussing it; the first episode dealt with the textural fabric, while the latter was accomplished Studio talk, and the third dealing with education, knowledge, and concluded the season with several indicators. Chapter III research methodology were presented in terms of analytical, descriptive and analysis mechanism described as textural fabric structures, Goldman four (Interior, cultural, social, and historical) in the form of educational applications in reading samples elected performed modern plastic. And produced results that knowledge of mental activity cash depends on experience and training to receive technical product, as well as formative symbolic system modularization defines the modern plastic each completed its cultural, social and historical. Based on the above, the researcher recommended hiring art criticism contemporary art concepts development of postmodernism to art education students

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Article
Expressive speech in the art of acting
الخطاب التعبيري في فن التمثيل

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Abstract

The expressive speech in the art of acting is considered to be the leading action for thinking and the interior interaction of the individual, in the organization of his relationship with the elements of the environment and its content, and the more acquired the individual's performance today skills in organizing and export of his conflicts and natural occasions , whenever , becomes more adaptable and an interpreted physically and acoustically inside pluralities in personalities, suited to the modern age. This research has addressed a range of topics related to expressive speech in the art of acting, since the first chapter included a systematic framework of the research, represented by the problem , the importance and aims of research to detect speech expressionist being a need for cultural environments and address of societies and civilizations. The second chapter, it was within the theoretical framework, represented by the following axes: (concept of speech, the concept of expression, and expression in the art of acting). While the third chapter included a description of analytical personality, being a part of the subject of discourse in the expressionist art of acting, and reached a number of conclusions and made a number of recommendations and suggestions and finally research ended with a list of sources

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Article
Functions of Repetition in Deeping the Esthetic Meaning in Television Drama
وظائف التكرار لتعميق المعنى الجمالي في الدراما التلفزيونية

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Abstract

The audio-visual arts are considered modern arts compared to theater, plastic arts, and music. It proved its distinguished presences among other arts. It was capable of forming a huge audience and took television from cinema, literature, theater, type of narration, and narrative instructor. Also, it took symbolism and metaphorical repetition from literature. As for the importance of the functions that repetition has the research concentrated on the importance of function of repetition in deeping the esthetic meaning in television drama. The research was limited by: 1. Objective limit: functions of repetition in deeping the esthetic meaning in series of (Harem Al-Sultan). 2. Place where it was showed: series of (Harem Al-Sultan) part four on Nesima Tunisian channel. 3. Time where it was showed: production of series (Harem Al-Sultan) was broadcasted on Nesima network channel in 2015. 4. Identifying terminologies: repetition – esthetic- esthetic meaning. The second chapter contained subjects about rhetorical image and subject about imagery repetition. In chapter three and within the procedures of the research, the researchers depended on analytical descriptive method. As for the research sample it was part four of series of (Harem Al-Sultan). The research tool it depended on special indicators of theoretical section. It was modified after being viewed to experts and its final form came out: 1. Means of connecting scenes and events. 2. The increasing effect of growing events and conflict. 3. Alerting tool separating the receiver from emotional reactions. 4. Repeated stops to separate between the stage and another of events. 5. Analytical job which allows the receiver to get deep into analysis and explanation of events. 6. Mass media concentration by relying on filming techniques, montage, light, decoration, costumes, etc

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Article
The aesthetic and communicative " dimensions in t.v photo"
الابعاد الجمالية والاتصالية في الصورة التلفزيونية

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Abstract

T.V photo in modern shows has emerged with special characteristics and signs that have developed in cope with the development of medium and technique. This leads to adding a variety of aesthetic dimensions which are capable of attracting audience because of its communicative elements that have an important role in increasing of T.V show Watching. As a result, the research is limited to methodological Framework as the problem. The problem of the research deals with emerging the aesthetic dimensions of T.V photo. The major question is (what are the aesthetic and communicative dimension of T.V Photo?). The research aims at finding out the aesthetic dimensions of T.V photo in modern artworks. The significance of the research on the presented problem, because the limitation of the impressions of aesthetic of photo according to its communicative side may form a great importance for both students and researchers. In addition to, Iraqi media communities. Because of diverse work in T.V shows and satellite channels, the researcher has found it difficult to restrict the limits of the research. Thus, a selected sample has been chosen. This sample has been represented in the show of (al-mataha) produced by MBC group. The theoretical framework has divided into two sections. the first section (the communicative features of T.V photo). The second sections deals with (the attraction media of T.V photo ). The researcher has different to pies that have been adopted as an analysis tools of the fourth chapter. The researcher has drawn many conclusions like: 3d techniques have communicative effective role across the aesthetic dimension that it adds to T.V photo. Recommendations and suggestions have been presented

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Article
Presence and Absence in the Iraqi Theatre Performance: Summer's Rain Play as an Example
الحضور والغياب في العرض المسرحي العراقي مسرحية مطر صيف (أنموذجاً)

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Abstract

The presence and absence binary is an essential part of and a motivation for the direction vision which depends on the principle that the components of the theatre performance move in contrast with each other; one is directly informative which is the presence relations and the other is structural that is identical to the absence relations. The first is material band visual that evokes the incorporeal mental absent. Hence, the present study(Presence and Absence in the Iraqi Theatre Performance :Summer's Rain Play as an Example) aims at explaining those relations and their transformations between presence and absence in the performance

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Article
the director and the technique of theatrical extemporization
عمل المخرج وآلية الارتجال المسرحي

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Extemporization is the ability of the actor to reflect his internal being. It gives a sort of confidence and an ability to show the personal countenance of the role away from tension and rigidity. By extemporization, it is possible to deal with and criticize the real living life so it is an intellectual, emotional, sensual, and perceptive process connected with the psychological energy and the emotional memory and all this goes under the control of the director and his instigations and instructions depending on what the text involves of intellectual, social and psychological motivators so it primarily depends on talent, chance and discussion. The research involves four chapters; the first contains the problem which is related to the technique adopted by the director to organize the process of the dramatic extemporization. The importance of the research lies in its focus on one of the acting activities and on identifying the guidance and organization of the extemporization process by the theatrical director. The aim of the research is to identify the director's technique in the extemporization process whereas the limits are restricted to the performances in (2005)the College of Fine Arts. The chapter ends with the definitions of the terminologies. The second chapter which is the theoretical framework involves two parts; the first deals with extemporization as a psychological concept whereas the second deals with the development of this same concept in drama and the chapter finalizes with results of the theoretical framework. The third chapter revolves around the procedures and the samples; two performances have been chosen to study the technique of extemporization. The fourth chapter contains the results the researcher has come up with the most important of which are: 1. Extemporization is considered an essential element with different ratios according to the director and his working technique. 2. The freedom given to the actor varies from one director to the other according to the motivator (the text). 3. Extemporization is shown in the presentation and the acting methods according to the director's view point

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Article
The reality of Figure and content in the design of logos, civil society organizations
واقع الشكل والمضمون في تصميم شعارات منظمات المجتمع المدني

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Abstract

Civil society organizations in Iraq have become a community hard case dispensable as the link between the state institutions and their leaders, and between citizens of different orientations and age groups, as it represents the diversity of the terms of reference and understanding of the laws and standards of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which requires governments to provide supplies president of its citizens to live in dignity, direct and Msasha in the life of society and the dictates we scientific our role in achieving scientific benefit and transfer of expertise to the community has become imperative for the researcher to campaign in the midst of the scientific research of the slogans of those organizations and what they can bring the design process Almmntq facilities for the extrapolation of work for members of the community, and it began a researcher at the completion of his research and came to several chapters, the first chapter of which included (methodological framework), a research problem, and the importance and purpose and its borders and determine the terminology, has identified the problem of research in several questions was the most important, do you use the designer certain pro forma references in logo design helped to achieve contact?, Is the designer was able to reconcile the form and content of the hand and between the nature and work of the organization on the other hand? From here came the importance of research to contribute to the development of design logos of those organizations and to deepen the level of cultural perception and awareness of the singular and the collective body of those logos and reasoning by which the work of organizations disciplines and orientations. And ensure that the objective of the first chapter of research to reveal the reality of form and content in designing logos and civil society organizations in Iraq and its role in the expression of personal

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Article
Polarization and the mechanism of communication in the form of industrial products (green)
الاستقطاب وألية التواصل في هيئة المنتجات الصناعية (الخضراء)

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Our research which is under the name "Polarization and Communication mechanism in the formation of green industrial products " The problem of the research focuses in identifying what is polarization and its function mechanisms , by displaying the inventive and creative cases of the designer in how to exploit the industrial products and its recycling process to attract the user and recipient by asserting on the values of beauty of the appearance of the industrial product with the attraction Of the user and the recipient with the new function of that product and how its different from the function achieved by the old product , with consideration of nature and its preservation . The results of the research were as following : The designer employed polarization as a mechanism to communicate between the recipient or user and the industrial product , to determine time and place of the presence of the inventor of an item or several items which was used to perform a different shape and function , that is different from the current green design of the industrial product , the polarization of the user and recipient by the awkward ideas and the attractive display to produce useful products for mankind instead of causing damage and pollution of planet earth , where we live.

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Article
Polarization and the mechanism of communication in the form of industrial products (green)
الاستقطاب وألية التواصل في هيئة المنتجات الصناعية (الخضراء)

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Abstract

Our research which is under the name "Polarization and Communication mechanism in the formation of green industrial products " The problem of the research focuses in identifying what is polarization and its function mechanisms , by displaying the inventive and creative cases of the designer in how to exploit the industrial products and its recycling process to attract the user and recipient by asserting on the values of beauty of the appearance of the industrial product with the attraction Of the user and the recipient with the new function of that product and how its different from the function achieved by the old product , with consideration of nature and its preservation . The results of the research were as following : The designer employed polarization as a mechanism to communicate between the recipient or user and the industrial product , to determine time and place of the presence of the inventor of an item or several items which was used to perform a different shape and function , that is different from the current green design of the industrial product , the polarization of the user and recipient by the awkward ideas and the attractive display to produce useful products for mankind instead of causing damage and pollution of planet earth , where we live.

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Article
Globalization impact on interior space identity of cafes Baghdadi
العولمة وأثرها على هوية الفضاءات الداخلية في المقاهي البغدادية

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Abstract

Appeared in the light of globalization growing convergence of the distances between the countries in world, this convergence is causing mixing of cultures to become culture is a universal one culture, There are positives and negatives of this mixing and mingling of cultures, consider Loss of cultural identity is one of the biggest negatives the Arab cultural infrastructure in general and Iraq in special. In addition consider subject to not keep the cultural identity is the most important Arab issues and dangerous to our Arab identity in various fields, including design and architecture, highlights here the subject of research on the impact of globalization on the identity of the interior spaces, cafés of Baghdadi, one of the historical and cultural heritage and popular folklore, And linked to the history in the ancient city authentic because of its inherent historical, intellectual and cultural dimensions characterized by the acquisition of the fixed elements in the interior designs, which are accustomed to their boards Baghdadis, and the accommodation semi-house arrest of writers, artists, poets and gourmets singing and music. We find a vast difference between the new designs cafes than in the previous pretext keep pace with the development of civilization away from the cultural identity and cultural heritage of Iraq and keep the visual content inherent Baghdadi. The study consists of four chapters, the first chapter of the methodological framework speaks of search. While the second chapter explains the theoretical framework of the research included finding the concepts and definitions of some terms and a brief explanation of the elements of interior design, The third chapter covers research procedures supported by some design models, which have been analyzed and, finally Chapter IV research findings of the researcher through the analysis process, and with the conclusion and recommendations

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The reality of interior design of Sharjah mosques and the possibility of development - selected models
واقع التصميم الداخلي لمساجد الشارقة وامكانية تطويرها – نماذج مختارة

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Observed mosques with the advent of Islam under the auspices of care being the houses of God Almighty, and I like parts of the ground to him, the center of radiation spiritual, intellectual and ideological in the lives of Muslims, was the most important cultural and architectural evidence built by Muslims voicing their deep faith and serenity Aqidthm.valmsadjad better reflecting the reality of communication between the person and his Lord, because he is the most important building of permanence and survival, making it imperative designed the best visual forms both externally and internally. Mosques have been characterized in the United Arab Emirates distinct characteristics in terms of building elements of construction in general, and the mechanism of evolution of the inner core vocabulary particular, note that the development of the internal design architecture of the mosques in the emirate of Sharjah was one of the top priorities of the Department of Islamic Affairs and Awqaf in the emirate in terms of the safety of the visual forms and free from the alienation of the intellectual concepts of those mosques, especially those design wizards implemented in the interior spaces of the mosques, so the problem of current research emanating from the importance of the evolutionary structure of the concept of interior design of mosques in Sharjah, as evolution inevitability of the concept of interior design movement and that the latter part of human knowledge and growth, and the lack of studies precedent in this area and because some previous studies and attempts have paid great attention mesh mosques in terms of form and meaning, and not to their access to the internal space Adoua and sophisticated, so the current research aims to achieve the following goals: 1 -akoshv theoretical to the reality of the interior design of mosques in Sharjah in terms of configuration the formal vocabulary of building space to the mosque from the inside. 2 - Detection Applied to the physical data for the development of the mosques in the United Arab Emirates in general and Sharjah in particular

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