Table of content

kirkuk university journal for scientific studies

مجلة جامعة كركوك للدراسات العلمية

ISSN: 19920849 26166801
Publisher: Kirkuk University
Faculty: Science
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies (KUJSS) is an official publication of the Faculty of Science at the University of Kirkuk. It was originally published in 2006 with two issues per year. Currently the journal is published every quarter (4 issues a year) since 2013. KUJSS publishes original papers, technical and research papers, in different disciplines (Astronomy, Pure and Applied Physics, Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics & Communication, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mathematical Sciences, Science of Chemistry, Bio-Science Technologies, Earth Sciences, Geo-physics, and Remote Sensing). English and Arabic are the language used. All manuscript submissions must be made through the journal's online manuscript system at online submissions.
The visions, goals, and the mechanisms of our Journal is to publish scientific research sober in the areas of Applied and Pure Sciences and scientific research, scientific interest large to contribute to the development of various disciplines, which provides significant support to researchers in all scientific facilities to continue to support the development plans in Iraq.
Submitted papers will be reviewed by Technical Committees of the Journal. All submitted articles should report original, previously unpublished research results, experimental or theoretical, and will be peer-reviewed. Articles submitted to the journal should meet these criteria and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing.

date of firist issue 2006
no.issue per year(4)
no.of issue published between 2006-2012 (12)issue



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Contact info

E-mail: kujss@uokirkuk.edu.iq
site: www.uokiruk.edu.iq/kujss

Table of content: 2016 volume:11 issue:2

Article
Estimation of Mass Absorption Coefficient for Some Standard Geological Materials Using Incoherent Scattering Intensity of W, Mo ,Cr and Au X-ray Tube Line
تقدير معامل الامتصاص الكتلي لبعض المواد الجيولوجيه القياسية باستخدام شدة الانعكاس اللاتوافقي لخطوط انابيب الأشعة السينية W , Mo , Cr , Au

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The analysis of trace element by x -ray fluorescence spectrometry always required appropriate correction for matrix differences of the geological material . To reduce such effect , mass absorption coefficient were calculated for both known (standards) and unknown samples. Such calculation required analytical data of major element concentration (wt. %) . To make these data available, is in fact time consuming job. Many theoretical and experimental corrections were attempted in order to save this additional analytical work . The uses of incoherent scatter intensity dominate the relevant literature , because it is free of systematic errors affecting the measurements of incoherent scatter intensity. Non of the published attempt claimed routine uses of the suggested method of correction. The present study deals with estimation of mass absorption coefficients of ten international geological standards for wave length range ( 0.50A - 1. 66A ) using intensity (counts /40 seconds) of(GH;Mica-Fe;ATT-1;SY-2;ASk-1; ASk-2; BX-N; UM-2;UM-4;MRG-1) incoherent scatter (I incoh) lines ( Au Lβ , Cr kβ , Mo Kα , Mo Kβ , W Lβ1 , WLβ2 ) reflected from smooth surface of infinity thick pellets prepared from standards samples powders Appropriate computer program were previously written and checked then , later used for computation of mass absorption coefficients () of the standards samples. Sequential x-ray spectrometer (PW1459/10) were used for measurements of incoherent Scatter (I incoh). The inverse relation between (I incoh -) can be explained on the basis of low rate of incoherent scatter generation from sample matrix of high mass absorption coefficient . Same matrix can absorb great deal of departed x-¬ray from the samples . The curved relation is confined to Mo Kα and Mo Kβ incoherent line resulted from the nature of the spectrometer pw 1450/10 used in this study. Comparison between different incoherent reflection lines were made and the whole data was subjected to additional mathematic and statistical treatments for improvement of results .


Article
Preparation of Prodrug from Indomethacine and Ascorbic acid and study of It's Effect on Asparatate amino transferase Enzyme Partially Purified from Blood of Diabetic Patients Type two.
تحضير دواء مصاحب من الاندوميثاسين وحامض الاسكوربيك ودراسة تأثيره على انزيم اسباراتيت امينو ترانسفيريز المنقى جزئيا من امصال مرضى داء السكر من النوع الثاني

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to prepare a new ester prodrug. used for this purpose ascorbic acid vitamin C and indomethacin by esterification reaction, and partial purification of the AST from blood serum with diabetes type II, and we following steps: 1-preparation of indomethacin chloride by reaction of indomethacin with thionyl chloride.esterification reaction of the hydroxy group in vitamin C with Indomethacin chloride to produce ester indomethacin. And Identification of Structural formula using spectroscopic methods (FTIR(. 2-measuring the AST activity in the blood serum of people with diabetes and blood serum of healthy people. The study included 35 patients serum sample for Type II diabetes and (25) of the serum sample healthy. The control group was observed high level of probability (p <0.001) in ASTactivity in persons with type II diabetes compared to what it is in healthy people 3-gel filtration technique using Sephadex column G100, purifying the AST from diabetes Type II the buffer solution (phosphate buffer) with pH (7.4) for the separation of the enzyme. 4-enzyme kinetics AST was studied , where studied the effect of different concentrations of the substrate of L_asparatate, also studied the effect of pH The optimum temperature for the action of the enzyme was 37 ° C and studied the effect of reaction time on the activity of the enzyme. 5-seven different concentrations was preparation of the compound (Prodrug) assay in enzyme activity with and without the prodrug in vitro Assess the . There is a decrease in the activity of AST with increasing the concentration of the prodrug. 6-studied the type of inhibition of the prodrugshow The inhibition of non-competitive type. 6-study of drug released : used different pH (2-4) and pH (8-10)


Article
The Interaction between the Bacterial Content and the Parasitic Worms Present in Shared Environment
التداخل بين المحتوى البكتيري والديدان الطفيلية المتواجدة في بيئة مشتركة

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Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the possibility of interaction between the bacterial content and parasitic worms present in a shared environment. which included the collection of 25 samples from the Fasciola parasite of two different hosts cattle and sheep of modern massacre of Kirkuk. The results of the study showed isolate and diagnose 20 bacterial isolates, 80% of the cases were all isolates belonging to intestinal bacteria family Enterobacteriaceae a bacterium Escherichia coli (7) isolation, bacteria Proteus mirabilis (5) isolation, bacteria Proteus vulgaris (4) isolation, bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae (3) isolation and Serratia marcescens (1) isolation. It was examined 25 samples of the Fasciola parasite, 18 samples have been isolated from bovine and 72% of the total samples. The results showed that 16 samples of which were containing on bacteria and 88.88% of the total samples tested for Fasciola in cows, while no isolation of bacteria from 2 samples and 11.1% of the total samples tested for Fasciola in cows. The rest consist 7 samples were isolated from sheep and 28% of the total aggregate samples. The results showed that 4 samples of which were containing on bacteria and 57.1% of the total samples tested for Fasciola in sheep, while no isolation of bacteria from 3 samples and 42.8% of the total samples tested for Fasciola in sheep. The results of the current study also showed changes in the bile ducts were it calcification and necrosis as a result of the interaction between the bacteria and the parasite as well as the obvious changes in Bile since become thick mucous textures and color with yellowish Unlike natural Bile that are water-green color and textures.


Article
Preparation and diagnosis of a number of complexes saccharin and aspirin with some divalent metals and study its effect on the serum of infected rabbits diabetes
تحضير وتشخيص عدد من معقدات السكارين والاسبرين مع بعض الفلزات ودراسة تأثيره على مصل الأرانب المصابة بداء السكري

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Abstract

The first part of the research included preparation and diagnosis of a number of complexes of nickel manganese zinc and bilateral cobalt from interaction with the metal salt of saccharin with saccharin ligand which makes complexes or saccharin metal ligand. After preparation of these ligands their reactance done with aspirin as 2:1 percentage of aspirin is 2 ligand percentage is 1 by dissolving it by Ethanol evaporation done for two hours and 30 minutes then the precipitate nominated and washed and its crystallizatior returned by Ethanol and new complex of aspirin and metal saccharin been. I diagnosed prepared complex by spectral ways which included infrared spectroscopy UV spectrum molar conductivity NMR and magnetic sensitivity. Second part of this research included study of biological effectiveness of four prepared complexes at glucose and cholesterol and triple gilceridemia levels in serum by testing it on rabbits infected diabetic and non- infected rabbits the results showed that these complexes are effective Influential and led to a reduction in the level of glucose and cholesterol and triple gilceridemia levels in serum after introduction of diabetes in rabbit by hydrogen peroxide concentration 50% . Rabbits were divided into three groups set control a8 rabbit: .diabetes : the number of infected rabbits infected 16 . non- infected treatment complexes : the number of rabbits 16. When we give non- infected rabbits these complexes by oral way for two weeks the study showed significant of glucose and cholesterol and gliceridemia levels . The number of infected rabbits which introduced by hydrogen peroxide concentration of 100mg/kg and concentration of 50% we specified the influential dose at 100mg/kg when gave the rabbits orally after starving them for 24 hours before taking the blood we observed during this study great effect of these complexes in reducing glucose observed significant difference between Diabetic group introduced by Hydrogen peroxide and the group treated by these prepared complexes (p0.05) also observed significant difference in cholesterol (p0.05) between Diabetic group and treated group which means there is significant difference of cholesterol also there is significant difference (p0.05) in The first part of the research included preparation and diagnosis of a number of complexes of nickel manganese zinc and bilateral cobalt from interaction with the metal salt of saccharin with saccharin ligand which makes complexes or saccharin metal ligand. After preparation of these ligands their reactance done with aspirin as 2:1 percentage of aspirin is 2 ligand percentage is 1 by dissolving it by Ethanol evaporation done for two hours and 30 minutes then the precipitate nominated and washed and its crystallizatior returned by Ethanol and new complex of aspirin and metal saccharin been. I diagnosed prepared complex by spectral ways which included infrared spectroscopy UV spectrum molar conductivity NMR and magnetic sensitivity. Second part of this research included study of biological effectiveness of four prepared complexes at glucose and cholesterol and triple gilceridemia levels in serum by testing it on rabbits infected diabetic and non- infected rabbits the results showed that these complexes are effective Influential and led to a reduction in the level of glucose and cholesterol and triple gilceridemia levels in serum after introduction of diabetes in rabbit by hydrogen peroxide concentration 50% . Rabbits were divided into three groups set control a8 rabbit: .diabetes : the number of infected rabbits infected 16 . non- infected treatment complexes : the number of rabbits 16. When we give non- infected rabbits these complexes by oral way for two weeks the study showed significant of glucose and cholesterol and gliceridemia levels . triple gilceridemia .


Article
Measurements of Background Radioactivity in Soil, Water and Dust Storm in Selected Sites of Kirkuk Governorate-Iraq
قياس الخلفية الإشعاعية في ترب ومياه وغبار العواصف الترابية لمناطق مختارة في محافظة كركوك

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Fourteen (14) samples of surface soil, four (4) water samples and sample of dust storm were collected from selected sites of Kirkuk governorate. Radioactivity of (K-40, U-238, Th-232, Cs-137) were measured using NaI Gamma Spectrometer. The mean radioactivity for (K-40, U-238, Th-232) in soil were (158, 20, 20) Bq/Kg, while for water samples it was (19.11) Bq/kg for K-40 and below detection level for both U-238, Th-232. On the other hand for dust storm samples the radioactivity for (K-40, U-238, Th-232) were (379.3, 23.4, 22.06) respectively. Cs-137 results was below detection limits for both soil and water samples while, it was (19.3) Bq/kg in dust storm samples. It was concluded from the study that the results of radioactivity were within the international standards except the radioactivity of CS -137 in dust storm sample


Article
A comparative Taxonomic Study of the effect of Dam Al-adheem on the Peganum harmala at Himreen Region
دراسة تصنيفية مقارنة لتأثير سد العظيم على نبات الحرمل Peganum harmala في منطقة حمرين

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This research was about a comparative taxonomic study about Peganum harmala which belong to Zygophyllaceae family, The effect of dam Al-Adheems water on the growth of this plant has been clarified at Al-Shay Al-Sagheerl Himreen regionl Salah Al-Din, it was found that this plant is adapted to live near and far from water at the same time. The phenotypic traits included study the traits of the stems , leaves ,flowering heads and the quantitative and qualitative reproductive organs ,it turns out that this traits have a great taxonomic importance ,the diversity of this traits have been discussed .the traits of vegetation have been studied in terms of amount of Peganum harmala was (5%) in region (A) which is close to water ,which affected of dam Al-Adheems water, while it was (40%) in the region far from water, region (B), whereas the density of Peganum harmala was (17) 100 / m2 in the region close to water , while it was (82)100 / m2 in the region far from water, whereas the frequency of Peganum harmala was (41) in the region near the water ,while it was (83) in the region far from water.


Article
A diagnostic study of the causes of abortion parasitic and viral in women in Kirkuk city
دراسة تشخيصية لمسببات الاجهاض الطفيلية والفايروسية في النساء محافظة كركوك

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310 serum samples collected for women audits to Kirkuk General Hospital in Kirkuk city suspected of toxoplasmosis(TOXO), Cytomegalovirus(CMV), Rubella virus(RV) and Herpes virus II (HSV). It has been in the current study using Elisa test 50 samples to diagnose women with toxoplasmosis and a rate of 16.13% and 3 sample of women with Rubella virus at a rate of 0.97%, while the herpes simplex virus, including one sample at a rate of 0.32% , while the number of Cytomegalovirus samples was one at the rate of 5.48% and for the common infection was the number of the common virus samples (Rubella and Cytomegalovirus) 153 sample and a rate of 49.35% and (parasite Toxoplasma gondii and Rubella virus and Cytomegalovirus) was 10 sample at a rate 3.23% . The highest percentage of infection toxoplasmosis and Cytomegalovirus virus in 36-45y. the age group at a rate 48.57% and 22.8%, respectively. While the highest percentage of infection rubella virus in 26-35 y. of age group at a rate 1.55% and in herpes simplex virus ratio was 0.68% in the age group 15-25y. while the shared infection for (Toxo, RV, CMV) and (RV, CMV) recorded in the age group 36-45y and infection by 8.57% and 65.71%, respectively


Article
Estimation the cost of Environment degradation due to Air pollution in Kirkuk city.
تقدير كلف التدهور البيئي الناتجة عن تلوث الهواء في مدينة كركوك

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The cost of Environmental degradation (COED) is one of the hidden cost, that will not appear as direct cost , rather than it will cause indirect effects like health and economic effects, for example Air burden diseases and degradation of agriculture products. (COED) consists of calculation/estimation the financial cost caused by Environmental degradation (present time &future).the final estimation of (COED) is represented as percentage of Gross domestic product (GDB) for a country. This research concluded estimation of (COED) caused by Air pollution in Kirkuk governorate north of Iraq (one of the biggest oil production cities in Iraq), the same scientific method adopted by World Bank was applied in this research. The results showed that (COED) for Air pollution in Kirkuk equal to 68.8 billion I.Q.D which represent 12% of Kirkuk (GDB) for 2013. The results of this research represent 4.5% of the (COED) from Air pollution (for all Republic of Iraq Area).Urgent action must be taken to treat Air pollution resources in Kirkuk urgently.


Article
Spectrophotometric determination of Diclofenac sodium in pharmaceutical tablets via oxidative coupling reaction with 2,4-dinitrophenyl hydrazine in the presence of potassium periodate
التقدير الطيفي للدايكلوفيناك الصوديوم في الأقراص الدوائية بتفاعل الاقتران التأكسدي مع 4,2 –ثنائي نايتروفنيل هايدرازين بوجود بيريودات البوتاسيوم

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Anew, simple, rapid and accurate spectrophotometric method for determination of diclofenac sodium via oxidative coupling with the2,4-dintrophenylhydrazine reagent in presence of oxidizing agent potassium periodate in the alkaline medium and the oxidation time 5 minute to form a blue colored compound ,which dissolved in water and showed the highest intensity of absorption at λmax 600 nm. The method has been obeyed Beer's law in the concentration range 0.8-16 µg.ml-1,with molar absorptivity of 2.8692×104 L. mol-1.cm-1,Sandel Index value 0.0110 µg.cm-2, the detection limited 0.088106 µg.ml-1, with correlation coefficient 0.9975. The relative standard deviation of the method does not exceed 2.97%. The proposed method was applied successfully for the determination of diciofenac sodium in tablet by both the direct and standard addition methods for three concentrations, the recovery ranged between 97.3-99.9%.


Article
Study of Sedimentary Facies and Depositional Environment in Qamchuqa Formation at Northern Iraq
دراسة السحنات الرسوبية والبيئة الترسيبية لتكوين قمجوقة في شمالي العراق

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Qamchuqa Formation rocks are part of eighth cycle of the Arabian plate (AP8). The rock sequences of this cycle deposited in Late Tithonian - Early Turonian. The study based on two surface sections of Qamchuqa Formation in Bekhme and Galala sections Northern Iraq. Qamchuqa Rocks are characterized by their hard and High porosities, and formed of dolostone, limestone and dolomitic limestone. The formation sequences are composed of three main sedimentary facies: limestone facies consists of four microfacies, dolostone microfacies is subdivided into five submicrofacies and lithofacies is subdivided into two lithofacies. The sedimentary model of the formation deduces from the sedimentary facies, It reflects marine depositional environments extending from the fore reef to the tidal flats environments. The reef environment doesn't recorded in the studied section but we can estimated its place near Gali Ali Bek area.


Article
Study The Effect Of Rienforcement & cintering particals On Some Metallurgical And Mechanical Properties For Composite ( Cu – SiC ) Prepared By Powder Metallurgy Technique .
دراسة تأثير جسيمات التقوية والتلبيد على بعض الخواص الميتالورجية والميكانيكية لمتراكب (نحاس – كاربيد سليكون) المحضر بتقانة ميتالورجيا المساحيق

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commercially pure copper matrix composite reinforced with ( 0,2,4,6,8,10 and 12vol % ) of ( SiC ) prepared by powder metallurgy technique. , then The mixture was mixed mechanically by using rotating mixer for two hour and frequently mixer for five minute for each sample . The mixture was cold pressed uniaxially at (350 MPa) using die of (12)mm diameter and height (100)mm and sintered at (900 oC) for two hours and studying the effect of reinforcement content on mechanical and metallurgical properties were studied . The results showed decrease in values of Green & Bulk Density and increasing the percentage of true porosity and increase in values of Vickers hardness and yield compressive resistance and decrease in wear rate with increase reinforcement content with improvement of properties after centering .


Article
Mus musculus infection by Cryptosporidium parvum and treatment by Specific Immunoglobulin IgG after Extraction , purification and molecular weight determination
تخميج الفئران البيضاء Albino نوع Mus musculus تجريبياً بطفيلي Cryptosporidium parvum وعلاجها بالكلوبيولين المناعي النوعي IgG بعد استخلاصه وتنقيته وتقدير وزنه الجزيئي

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The study included examination of 3200 stool sample selected randomly for taken from patients attending gynecological and obstetrics hospital in alramadi city , for period 1-6-2001 to 30-6-2012 , C. parvum parasite discovered by two ways : Direct test using Zehil-Neelsen and ELISA . we showed that ELISA test was best from direct method by using Zehil-Neelsen modified stain . parasite purification and crashing and injection in rabbits for extraction IgG antibodies and using for infection parasite treatment after mice group infection and compared antibodies treated with chemical treatment and noticed Oocyst ejected with feces after examination some blood analysis and Examination IgG , IgM , IgA , C3 , C4 in blood f as a sign to inflammation get and infection remaining or finishing , show the study result clear increase in outside Oocyst number Known in positive control treatment , Wrong treatment rest others , was showing low significant in outside Oocyst number Known . Was treatments best for blood signs and outside Oocyst number Known and antibodies and complements it Spiramycin


Article
Geochemistry of major, Trace and rare earth elements in to the Aqra Carbonate rocks taken from Geli Zanta section/ Northern Iraq
جيوكيميائية العناصر الرئيسة والأثرية والأرضية النادرة في صخور تكوين عقرة الكاربوناتية المأخوذة من مقطع كلي زنطة/ شمالي العراق

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A total of 13 carbonate rocks samples represented Aqra Formations deposited in the reefal environment, Chemical results of Aqra samples showed that the formation could be divided into two parts, lower part is limestone while the upper part has been subjected to dolomitization prosses, the two parts are separated by a transitional strata which have been less dolomitized. Its noticed that the upper part contain higher concentrations of trace elements like Cr, Ni, Co, Sc, the concentrations of this elements (9.33, 9.47, 3.15, 0.95)ppm in lower part and (57.25, 75.88, 5.68, 2.13)ppm in upper part respectively, which indicated that this part has been subjected to the influences of mafic and ultramafic provenance in contrast to the lower part, The rare earth elements (REE) content was also different in the two parts, there is relatively depletion in the light rare earth elements (LREE) towards the upper part (4.56ppm – 4.07ppm) with increase in the insoluble residue (I.R.) content from 2.84% to 5.60% and increase in the heavy rare earth elements (HREE) towards to upper part (0.52ppm – 0.78ppm), The ƩREE is 5.08ppm in lower part and 4.85ppm in upper part, This is also reflection of the difference in the nature of the terrigeneous component which the two parts where supplied. Negative Ce anomaly was noticed in the parts which are not dolomitized of the Formation involved in the present study but absent in the dolomitized part. Through the study of binary relations between major and trace elements its shown that the major part of trace are well correlated with the terrigeneous constituents and not correlated with the carbonate phases, The sedimentation basin which Aqra deposited was affected by the tectonic activities happened at that time, this is supported by the presence of trace elements of mafic nature associated with the terrigeneous clasts which the basin of deposition received.


Article
The Performance of Self Compacting Concrete Slab Exposed to High Temperature Under Static and Dynamic Loading
تصرف البلاطات الخرسانية ذاتية الرص المعرضة الى درجات الحرارة العالية تحت تأثير الأحمال الساكنة والصدمية

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The aim of this study to Evaluate the effect of high temperatures on specimens of Self-compacted concrete in slabs under static and impact loads . The study contents the experimental work to investigate the effect of high temperatures on some properties of self-Compacted concrete. Fifty four concrete slab samples has been casted with dimensions of ( 500*500*50mm), the specimens were exposed to high temperature by using furnace manufactured for this purpose for (2hrs) then cooled by two methods, gradually by lefting them in the air, and suddenly by using water , After that the specimens were tested to study the effect of different temperature levels(100,300,500,700) °C and cooling rate (gradually and sudden cooling conditions) on the behavior of reinforced concrete slabs under static and dynamic loads, and comparing the results with specimens without burning (reference specimens). The results showed decreasing in bending strength and Toughness of the slabs reinforced after exposure to high temperatures compared with the reference slabs . High temperatures decreased the value of the maximum load for slabs in percentage (0.398%,7.56%,15.27%,29%) compared with the reference slab after exposure to temperature change (100,300,500,700) °C and cooled gradually in air after heating, while the decreasing reached ( 2.12%,10.76%,24.3%,39.97% ) compared with the reference slab at the same temperatures when cooled suddenly by water. This study also has been investigated the behavior of reinforced concrete slabs Exposed to high temperatures under the influence of dynamic impact load and comparing these results with concrete reference slab , Where the tests using the steel structure used in dynamic loads which provided with Linear Variable displacement transducers under the slab. These data was recorded for a period of time begins at the moment Damping in slab occur , Curves were drawn to show (displacement – time relation of slab), The results showed decreasing of slabs impact resistance (the number of blows needed to penetrate ) with the increasing of temperatures. As well as the temperature increased the max displacement and time extinguishing of concrete slabs. where in used the results showed that the reinforced slabs cooled gradually by the air after heating has a dynamic properties better than those which cooled suddenly by water.


Article
Taxonomic morphological and anatomical study of fruits and seeds for different species of the family Brassicaceae in Iraq
دراسة تصنيفية للصفات المظهرية والتشريحية لثمار وبذور أنواع مختلفة من العائلة الصليبية Brassicaceae في العراق

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The research included five species are : Leptaleum filifolium (willd)Dc. , Malcolmia africana(L.) ,Matthiola longipetala (Vent.)Dc. , Neotorularia torulosa, (Desf.), Sisybrium irio (L.) , which grow wild in Iraq .and belonging to three different tribes which are (Hesperideae, Matthioleae , Sisybrieae ) to the Family Brassicaceae . The research covered the Morphological characters of the fruits ( Shape , color, Indumentums and dimension) as well as seed morphological characters ( Shape, color, surface configuration and dimension) , the anatomical studied include fruit parts ( beak, valve and pedicel ) Showed and there is difference in structure and arrangement of tissue part of their species . The research important and diagnostic value between in the species, as well as the thickness of the fruits coat and shape section importance in the separation between the species , The results anatomical study of seed coat there was a difference in number tissue layer different types of species. The study of embryos , was one of the first studies in Iraq about the shape and dimensions in this family to be of importance in the separation of the species. The results of the present study proved that species Neotorularia torulosa, (Desf.)Records distribution for the first time in Iraq absent mention advance in the Iraqi flora.


Article
Treatment of wastewater of Oil Refinery by Ozone
معالجة المياه الناتجة عن العمليات النفطية باستخدام الاوزون

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The goal of the research to find the effect of ozone concentration on treatment of oil refinery wastewater and removal chemical of oxygen demand(COD), phenolic compound and total dissolved solid(TDS). The feed concentration of COD and Phenol equal to 1260 and 1.95 mg/lit respectively while the feed concentration of TDS equal to 1800 PPM. The air was input to ozone generation by pipes then go to bubble reactor that full by wastewater to treatment it. The concentration of ozone that uses in the treatment is (125, 188,250, 313, 375 mg/lit.hr) whiles the other condition was kept constant (Temperature=27 c, PH=10). The results show the efficiency of ozone to treatment of wastewater where the removal of COD, Phenol & TDS are 69.87 %, 77.78 %, 78.76 % at reaction time 90, 65, 65 minute respectively, then the results showed that the typical con. f ozone equal to (313 mg/lit.hr) when removal of COD, while the typical concentration Of ozone equal to (250 mg/lit.hr) at removal of Phenol & TDS.


Article
The effect of aluminum chloride and acetic acid in some blood picture of male rats
تأثير كلوريد الالمنيوم وحامض الخليك في بعض صور الدم لذكور الجرذان

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The current study was conducted to investigate the poisonous effects of Aluminum Chlorid dissolved in water alone and its effects of dissolved in acetic acid 25% in blood variables for male rats of Mus musculus . fifteen rats of the species Mus musculus ages (3-4) weeks and weights of (100±150gm) were used in this study. The study included tow experiments, (25) rat used for each experiment, which included (5) groups with (5) rat each. The first group of each experiment groups was considered the control group ,while the remaining four groups were considered as treatment groups. The first group were treated with (70 mg/kg of bodyweight) of Aluminum Chloride for different intervals (2, 5, 10, and 20 days); the second group given (70 mg/kg bodyweight) of Aluminum Chloride dissolved in acetic acid 25%. the blood variables for all rats were calculated after the different injection intervals was finished and dissected and blood was taken directly from the heart and put in experimental tube containing anticoagulant EDTA , The results showed low corporate rate of red blood cells ( RBC) and other blood variables and high moral in the rate of white blood cells ( WBC) compared to the control group, these changes were gradual as the dosage period.


Article
Study the Spectral Properties of the Molecule Trimethyl Aluminum (C3H9Al) by Semiempirical Quantum Programs
دراسة الخصائص الطيفية لجزيئة ثلاثي مثيل الالمنيوم ((C3H9Al بواسطة برامج الكم الشبه التجريبية

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This study aims to determine the spectral properties of the trimethyl Aluminum molecule (C3H9Al) using the Semi-empirical quantum programs [HyperChem8.0, WinMopac7.21] by (MNDO-PM3) (Modified Neglect of Differential Overlap-Parameterization Model3). This method characterized by the flexibility, the simplicity and the quick performance. The equilibrium geometry and the potential curve were calculated and then from the curve, the total energy of the molecule at the equilibrium distance was calculated. In addition, the dissociation energy, the energy of electron , the core-core repulsion, the ionization energy, the zero point energy, the energy gap, the frequencies and basic vibrational modes have been calculated. The study’s results were in agreement with the previous research.


Article
Effect of Many Plant Extracts and Phenolic Compounds on Some Biological Aspects and Histological Structure on the Cowpea Weevil Ovaries Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
تأثير عدد من المستخلصات النباتية والمركبات الفينولية في بعض الأوجه الحياتية والتركيب النسجي لمبايض خنفساء اللوبيا الجنوبية Callosobruchus maculatus(Fab .) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

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Abstract

Analysis of High –Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) for fractions of Citrullus colocynthis seeds powder ethanolic extract isolated by (CC) column chromatography showed the identification of many phenolic compounds a follows ,Cinnamic acid ,P-Hydroxy benzoic acid, Gallic acid, and Resorcinol . The P-Hydroxy benzoic acid was recorded as higher concentration in the (F8) while the Cinnamic acid was recorded as 49.23% in F7. The F8 more effective than F7 it caused mortality at 100% for both 1.5 and 2.0 concentrations. The effect of F8 of Cirullus colocynthis in concentration 0.5% caused destruction of follicular cells which appeared in different shape while the concentration 1% caused hypertrophy and disjunction of follicular cells by effect of phenolic compounds.


Article
Comparative study of the radiative Energy Loss and RCSDA of electron within ranges (0.01 ≤ E ≤ 10 )MeV in (_15^31)P , (_19^39)K and (_20^40)Ca
دراسة مقارنة لفقدان الطاقة الاشعاعية وتقريب المديات التباطئية المستمرة RCSDA لإلكترونات ضمن مدى الطاقة0.01 ≤ E ≤ 10)MeV( للعناصر (_ 19^39)K , (_20^40)Ca و (_15^31)P

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Abstract

(CSDA) ranges for electrons in the elements Calcium , Potassium and Phosphor in terms of energy (0.01 - 10) MeV have been studied by using two empirical formula of Berger-Seltzer and Tabata et al respectively . These two parameters depend upon the atomic number (Z) of the absorber and incident electron energy E. It has been found that these formulae gives better agreement with the available data of Estar universal code. In this paper ,we present the results of Radiative Energy Loss and continuous slowing down approximation


Article
Role of Inhibin B in some infertiled women with Polycystic ovary syndrome in Kirkuk city
دور الأنهبين B في العقم عند بع النساء المصابات بمتلازمة تكيس المبايض فيض مدينة كركوك

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Abstract

This Random cross sectional study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Inhibin B in Infertiled women in Kirkuk city which is one indicator to the reproductive ability in polycystic ovary patients ,consider as the disease common in Infertility, also to study the changes in reproductive hormones Follicular stimulating hormone(FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH) , Estrogen(E2) , prolactin(PRL) Testosterone, Samples were classified into two groups: (38) blood samples from women with primary infertility ,(29) blood samples from women with secondary infertility , compared with (18) samples from women as control group. Blood samples were taken within 2-4 days of menstrual. period of women with their ages ranged from 17-46 years who were visiting the infertility unit in Azady teaching hospital in Kirkuk city. Infertile Samples were divided into two groups: infertiled women with polycystic ovary syndrome and infertiled women for other reasons . the ratio of polycystic ovary syndrome of primary infertility was 65.78% while of secondary was 58.62%. Results indicated that there was a high significant increase in Inhibin B level (p<0.05) in secondary infertiled group compared with both control group ,and primary infertiled group and also a significanl increase in Prolactin level (P< 0.05) of both primary and secondary infertiled group compare with control group. and a high significant increase in Inhibin B level (p<0.05) in secondary infertiled group of (G1) polycystic ovary syndrome and (G2) infertiled women for other reasons compare with primary infertiled group and also high significant increase in FSH level for (G2) in secondary infertiled group. The relation between levels of inhibin B and body mass index was studied which indicated the high level of inhibin B (141.14± 55.51) pgml) in obese infertiled women.


Article
Microfacies and depositional environment of Shiranish Formation in Ain Zalah and Butmah Oil fields north west Iraq
السحنات الدقيقة والبيئة الترسيبية لتكوين شرانش ضمن حقلي عين زالة وبطمة شمال غرب العراق

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Abstract

This study is reveal the characteristics of Shiranish formation to elucidate the sedimentological properties Ain Zalah and Butmah Oil fields northwest in Iraq from wells Az-24, Az-29, But-15. The studied rocks are consist of limestone and marly limestone. The microfacies are classified into: Lime mudstone, Lime wackstone and Lim packstone. These microfacies are divided into several submicrofacies according to their components. The depositional environment for the formation is identified which extend from the Shelf-Slop (Fz-5, Fz-4, Fz-3, Fz-2).


Article
Physical and Chemical Properties Study on the Groundwater in Tuz District
دراسة الصفات الفيزيائية والكيميائية للمياه الجوفية في قضاء الطوز

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Abstract

The present study is carried out to detect some quality properties of groundwater at Tuz,. The results showed that air temperature noted minimum at ranged between (8-35)C° , and The recorded temperatures of ground water values range between (18-25)C°, Turbidity values for all wells water at the study area ranged (0.00-29.88)NTU, It is obtained that wells near-off the mountain chain Nafed dag increase of electric conductivity comparative ranged between (734-6890)µs/cm. Groundwater in the study area was Brackish dependence to the total dissolved salts ranged (20-5860)mg/l . The pH values ranging between (4.15-8.91) . It was noted that the values of the dissolved oxygen are few and almost non-existent in some cases it ranged between (0.8 -0.30)mg/l. Analysis of biological oxygen demand refers to wells water (very clean) levels involving (0.00 -0.15)mg/l. Reason of groundwater very hardness ranging values of total hardness , calcium and magnesium hardness between (300-2440) mg/l , (160-1400)mg/l and (44-1580)mg/l respectively. The total alkalinity ranged between (74-600)mg/l , The chloride ions in ground water of the studied within the permissible limits for watering of animals and irrigation of plants, with values range (0.00-349.89)mg/l . Sulphates range between (134.5-3326)mg/l .Sodium values for all wells water at the study area ranged (112.35 -495.59)mg/l. Potassium values for all wells water at the study area ranged (1.158-51.036)mg/l. As for plant nutrients , ranged between the values of silica (9.688-25.981)mg/l.The concentration of active nitrite ions ranged between (0.000 –1.212) µg NO-NO2/L .As the values of phosphate , ranged between (0.26-0.399) µg P-PO4/L during the study period.

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