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مجلة العميد

ISSN: 22270345 23119152
الجامعة: ديوان الوقف الشيعي
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة



مجلة فصلية محكمة
تعنى بالأبحاث والدراسات الانسانية
تصدر عن العتبة العباسية المقدسة
صدر العدد الاول مطلع عام 2012 .

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معلومات الاتصال

Mob :+9647719487257
mob :+9647602355555
http://alameedcenter.iq
Email: alameed@alameedcenter.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2016 المجلد: 5 العدد: 4

Article
A Linguistic Analysis of American English Military Slang with Reference to Iraq War in 2003
تحليل لغوي للمفردات العامية العسكرية للغة الانكليزية الامريكية بالإشارة الى الحرب على العراق عام 2003

المؤلفون: Lect. Ahmed Muhammad Mahdi
الصفحات: 19-44
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الخلاصة

This paper sheds light on no less important linguistic phenomenon: slang. It is a universal phenomenon. No language in the world lacks it yet it has received little attention. Any attempt to approach the slang aspect of any language, whether one's native language or a foreign language will be surprised at the level of complexity at all the linguistic levels recognized by linguists. Slang is a multi-featured aspect. It is generally characterized by instability, novelty, creativity, informality and even vulgarity. Despite all these, slang is fun to learn and use (let alone study) simply for the reason that it allows the user to express the same thoughts, feelings, emotions and attitudes towards a certain issue, situation or person with enormously various ways that suit his needs and goals. The sources of slang are too many. There are as many slang expressions as there are aspects of life. War is one of these many human endeavors. The contact between different people triggers a process of borrowing between the languages in contact. The ordinary people or the lay men are the quickest to respond to this kind of mutual influence. Teaching and learning languages should give some attention to slang especially with its widespread use in the social media, movies, streets and in places and establishments where the formal language is expected to be dominant. The paper presents a theoretical background of slang in terms of the linguistic levels. It includes definitions, sources, classification of slang. This background is used in analyzing a selection of slang expressions related to the USA war on Iraq in 2003. These expressions are collected from four sources. little or no attention has been given to the study of slang let alone as far as a very recent event such as the 2003 invasion is concerned. This paper is an attempt to bridge one gap in slang research. The analysis shows that formation of the slang expressions chosen for the study follow the same recognized word formation processes in English. Expressions borrowed from Iraqi Arabic have been slightly altered in terms of their pronunciation, morphology and grammar. These expressions are mainly used to maintain social channels of communication with the Iraqi people. The expressions have served also as verbal shortcuts especially those abbreviated.

الكلمات الدلالية

Slang --- war --- American military


Article
Linguistic Methodology of Sheikh. Al-Karbasi in Light of the Scientific Hawza Curricula in the Holy Al-Najaf
المنهج اللغوي للشيخ الكرباسي في ضوء مناهج الحوزة العلمية في النجف الاشرف

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الخلاصة

For the university and Hawza culture the sheikh. Al-Karbasi maintains is the essence of a prominent methodology in studying linguistic issues; the paper is ramified into: the first section tackles the semantic achievements in the linguistic research of Al-Kharj research rank through the prism of the linguistic explication of the Glorious Quran and induction of intents ; the paper exposes many a gambit of paramountcy on the scale of meaning induction. Yet the second section gives importance to the methodology of sheikh. Al-Karbasi in studying the parsing and its application in parsing the Glorious Quran, its explication to the linguistic references, then it is manifested that his locus is to buttress the researchers in perceiving the Quranic text through exposing the parsing elements. Yet the third section delves into certain syntactic issues revealing his intellectuality; he was an interpreter, verifier, critic and perceives the texts through the steps he takes in refuting the opinions of Ibn Hasham. Ultimately, the study terminates at the Quranic use of the utterance, sentences and his methodology in categorizing his semantic and linguistic issues. The study reaches to a fact that sheikh Al-Karbasi yoked the methodologies, Hawza and university, altogether and was one of the theorists who endeavours to extirpate the tongue from the tune and its semantic and spiritual trajectory in the syntactic research.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Metamorphoses of the Semantic Existence in the Circumstance Theory of the Al-Najaf School Traditionists
اطوار التمثيل الدلالي لاصوليي مدرسة النجف

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الخلاصة

In the current study do I broach the second section of Existence Rudiments in the Circumstance Theory of the Traditonists tackling such a locus; it gives focus upon the metamorphoses of the semantic existence in the circumstance theory of the Al-Najaf school traditionists, the acts of development from the “Iraqi theory” and its nexus with the contemporary semantics. In the second it exposes the nexus between The Presupposition Theory of Al-Asfahani, semantics and foundation system of the linguistic meaning. Yet the last section studies the theory of communication of Seid. Al-Sistani and its nexus with Habarmass theory on the one hand and Cress theory on the other hand. Ultimately the study concludes that these metamorphoses are four terminating at the theory of the martyr Mohammed Baqir Al-Sadre as it is called the “the Certain Century” the meant paper never digs deeper in for reasons mentioned in the conclusion, no success but from Him.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Semantic Research of Al-Sheikh Al-Mudhafir
البحث الدلالي عند الشيخ المظفر

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الخلاصة

Thanks be upon the Creator of the universe, and peace be upon the most honest one who ploughs his path under the heaven; the master of prophets Mohammed and his immaculate progeny. Al-Sheikh Al-Mudhafir starts his study life in 1335Hijra, 1916, takes knowledge from his brothers and gains the junior years of Hawza sciences, Al-Satuh, at the hand of Seid. Muhssin Al-Hakeem, then he edits a book about rhythm in 1343 Hijra,1924. However he erects a rapport in the cultural heritage in concordance with his methodology; to delve into such a locus is to create a scientific concatenation to revive the civilization and cuddle the creativity of the nation; its arts and products; such paves the way to the coming generations in the orbit of letter, word and deed, it is of gratitude to tackle such a scientific personality: I was one of the student for his cultural project, that is why I do emulate his path as he is the fount of the cultural reform running the bloodstreams of a student.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Aspects of Relexification in the Arabic Lexicon in the Modern Time
مظاهر التجديد في المعجم العربي في العصر الحديث النقد والاستدراك مثالا

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الخلاصة

In the modern era, new studies that pursed to correct the track of Arabic lexicon were conducted. Some of which were general, as it included the whole dictionary, while others dealt with parts of it, such as: correction, criticism, complementation, etc. This wave of studies continued to grow little by little according to the society’s need of covering the shortage it suffered from, especially that it was experiencing the scientific revolution in all its varieties. Shortly this wave became eye-catching. Therefore, I made my efforts to reveal a part of these aspects, and I entitled my research as: Aspects of Relexification in the Arabic Lexicon in the Modern Time, the study includes criticism and retractation in Arabic lexicon only, for a few reasons: 1. There are in Profusion modern studies in this field, enriching such studies. 2. Criticism and retractation are considered as forms of correction, that is far from disproving what the old linguists have done. 3. Criticism and retractation include the whole dictionary, that gives a chance to search and dig. I devoted the study to (NashaatAldirasat Al logawia), and I provided a preface about the tributaries and fields of linguistic studies and to (Madaher Al Tajdeed), and I had chosen a number of dictionaries to be the field of my research: (Muheet Al Muheet, Quter Al Muheet, Aqrab Al Maward Fi FusahAlArabiawa Al Shawared, Al Mujam Al Tareekhi, Al Mujam Al Kabeer, and Al Mujam Al Waseet). Ultimately , it concludes with the most important results.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Rhetorical Devices in Sahifa Al-Sajjadia
المحسنات البديعية في الصحيفة السجادية

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الخلاصة

Sahifa Al-Sajjadia consists of the prayers of Imam Zeinol Abedin including fifty four prayers which have great importance in the religious doctrines. Every one, who studies these prayers and contemplates their meanings, can figure out the high spiritual rank of Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him). Taking Imam Sajjad’s grandeur as well as the importance of this book into consideration, various explanations have been written about it but none of them have separately defined the rhetoric of these prayers including meaning, statement, and speech figures. It is necessary for us to pay more attention to this worthwhile book, and the scholars and academcs should devote more time to studying and doing research on such a fount as they have made an effort to succeed in the explanation of Quran and Nahjol-Balagheh. In this paper, the figures of speech including verbal and semantic in the Sahifa Sajjadia have been specified based on a field research. We have shown that there are many examples of the verbal and semantic figures of speech in Sahifa. There are a lot of examples of the verbal figures of speech especially including pun and riming-prose in the Sahifa, and actually there is no prayer without these features. Moreover, a lot of examples of the semantic figures of speech especially including parallelism, oxymoron, congeries, and antimetabole in the Sahifa.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ha, Jeem and Ra in the Quranic Use A Study on Context and Structure
مادة (ح ,ج ,ر) في الاستعمال القراني دراسة في السياق والتركيب

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الخلاصة

The perception, emanating from the crestive nexus between the Quranic utterances and structures and the organic bonds in them, surges into existence the semantic allusions never derail from the heart of the utterance and structure; it is celebrated with the ability to expand and dominate as the dictionary meaning ramifies into shades of connotation, it is necessary to yoke the structure with meaning and the context to fathom the semantic allusions. As such the current study heaves into reality to have the targets of the Quranic texts and manifests the system that combines both the syntax and linguistics in a way to cull the meaning and in light of the relations between parsing, utterances, content and structures: Ha, Jeem and Ra in the Quranic Use, a study on context and structure to achieve what it is tackled above.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Social Discourse in the Road of Eloquence
الخطاب الاجتماعي في نهج البلاغة

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الخلاصة

In the Road of Eloquence, are there many loci one gravitates to as it is the real fount of the universe, arts and all the fields of knowledge, such calls the heed of the researcher to glean all these loci in "Social Discourse". The discourem as a mater of fact, ramifies into varios shades of content; tackling the society in light od Islam to teach peoplew, improve the community and observe the plights to be rectified; it is the social discourse the Imam seals in the Road of Eloquence, which is the foucus of the current study. To recommence the targets, the study tends to be bifuricated into four scections, the first mnoipuklates the definition and literature review of the social discourse; neighbourhood, the poor and the rich, orphans, social reciprocal responsaibility, condiscence, kith and kin visitibg. The second does the way the messages takes into the interlocutors; warning, advice, complaint about the eople of his time, order, probibition and description. Then the third does tge fact that the discourse, as usual, tarfgets different prow of the society, so it is necessary to whinnow the type of the community itself; the large commuity and the small community, that is to say, the public interlocutor and the specific interlocutor. Ultimately the fourth does the traits the discourse has, as it is a compltmentay discourse: each completes the other, a text cuddles many a social tipopic and a semantic trait.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Capacity Acquisition: Strategy of Innovation and Administering the Development in the University Institutions
التمكين منهج التحديث وادارة التطوير في المؤسسة الجامعية

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الخلاصة

Universities as educational institutions endeavour to adopt administrative access sufficient to have a distinguished performance in both quality and capacity. As a matter of fact, such institutions take so prominent a role in the process of development, reformation and modernity in all economic ,educational, intellectual and scientific aspects of the society. One of the modern administrative access is capability that provides the educational institutions with a high degree of speed and flexibility towards markets requirement and its fluctuated demands .However the main objective of this strategy is to achieve an utmost investment of the essential abilities of both individuals and groups ; a number of results and recommendations most importantly comes as follows : 1. The success of adopting the strategy of capability depends on the first line of the universities and also on the level of their faith in the advantages of such administrative doctrine. 2. The doctrine of capability requires the redesigning of the organizational structure in a way that makes the employees capable of taking decisions based on the same missions of the leadership. it is difficult to adopt the doctrine of capability in bureaucratic universities. 3. The universities adopt the doctrine of capability are characterized by precise comprehension and education, they also work in an atmosphere of enthusiasm and team spirit. 4. redesigning organizational structures of the universities in a way that guarantees the participation of all available human resources in decision –making and solving problems. 5. 2-The employees should share the vision and message of the university ,in its present and future plans, with the leading staff, in addition . the university should be obvious in assigning roles to its employees and in the regulations that govern the organizational structure. 6. 3- Adopting educational technology and electronic administration in fulfilling all the administrative tasks of the university.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Al-khawaja Nasir Al-din Al-tusi (1201 - 1274 ad . 597 - 672 h) And His Stance on Publicizing the Mongol Invasion of Baghdad
الخواجة نصير الدين الطوسي (597-672هــ . 1201-1274مـ) وموقفه من الغزو المغولي لمدينة بغداد

المؤلفون: Lecturer Dr. Heider Q. Muter م.د. حيدر قاسم مطر
الصفحات: 353-400
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الخلاصة

The current study rounds one of the most distinguished and mysterious characters in the history of Islamic thought، for so eminent a role he played in restoring the glamour and vitality to the Islamic civilization that suffered retraction and lethargy throughout the seventh A.H century – the thirteen A.D century. Such a figure، during the phases of its life، swayed between dedicating his efforts once to scientific affairs، and the other to the political work. Therefore، AlkhawajaNasir Aldin Altusi became one of the most controversial promoinent personality in the Islamic history. In the study do we try to deal with Attusi social life، early life، gradual advancement in disciplining ; showing most salient trips that he made in acquiring science; exposing his most important writings in different fields. We may also say that his contemplations in prophesy and imamate were under lens of him as a theorist، a philosopher and an intellectual scholar in his aim and his abstraction and intellectual tools. All that was for the sake of putting forth the principles of humanity salvation. While in ideologicalpolitical side of his life، we made a tour in studying the influence of the Ismā’ilism thought upon Attusi: the thought concerns the thinkers at his age. As it is known that the Mongolian invaders dominated this epoch of time martially. All these factors accompanied to influence the thought of the studied character، especially in the field of prophecy and Imamate. Surely we would pay attention to the falling of Baghdad by the Mongolians،and the task Attusi performed in that important event and its concomitant circumstances. Hoping that Allah be with us in this righteous endeavour.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluating the Performance of Arabic Language Teachers in Junior High School and High School in the Light of the Teaching Skills
تقويم اداء مدرسي اللغة العربية في مدارس الاعدادية والثانوية في ضوء الكفايات التدريسية اللازمة

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to evaluate Arabic language teachers in junior high school and high school performance in light of the teaching skills by answering the following two questions: 1. What are the skills necessary to teach the Arabic language in junior high and high school? 2. What is the level of achievement of these skills in the teaching of rules in the preparatory and secondary schools? And current research is determined by: 1. Junior high and high schools in the province of Babylon center. 2. Arabic language teachers who are studying Arabic in junior high and high schools for the academic year 20152016-. To achieve the goal the researcher chose a sample of teachers amounted to (26) as a teacher, adopted a tool consisting of note form having (65) the adequacy of the Arabic grammar The researcher uses statistical methods (center-weighted, and weight percentile, and Pearson coefficient) , there are some results: 1. The performance of teachers in the teaching of the rules in general comes below the required level. 2. The essential weakness lies in the performance of teachers in general in the field of planning and preparation for the lesson, and the use of teaching aids, and the area of the calendar. 3. The performance of teachers is quite siffivcient in the areas of (boosting and stimulating the motivation and the implementation of the lesson, and human relations and management grade). finally the treasrch concludes a number of recommendations including: 1. Relying on teaching skills that have been identified in current research, the supervisors and specialists use them in evaluating the performance of teachers in the teaching of the rules. 2. Provciding the Arabic language teachers with a list of the skills that have been identified in this study.

الكلمات الدلالية

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