Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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human.magazine@yahoo.com
07811309967

Table of content: 2015 volume:3 issue:22

Article
Language Functions as manipulated by Iraqi EFL University Students

Authors: MuayadMingher --- Wi'amMajeed Mohammed
Pages: 1006-1015
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Abstract

The core of this paper is about language functions as one of the important skills which are used in different daily situations. Besides, it focuses on what difficulties the students of English as a foreign language encounter in producing them. Therefore, the study has undertaken toidentify the students' performance in recognizing and producing language functions and find out the causes of the students' errors and their sources. To achieve these objectives, the study has hypothesized that Iraqi university students face difficulty in using language functions. Then, a test has been designed and applied on a sample of (50) students at the Fourth Year, Department of English, College of Education, University of Babylon during the academic year (2015-2016). The results got from collecting and analyzing the students’ performance affirm that the students encounter difficulty on the production level but they show efficiency on the recognition one. This is obvious from the number of their correct responses as compared with their incorrect ones on both levels.


Article
من آراءِ سيبويهِ والأخفشِ في شرحِ سُننِ أبي داودَ للعينيّ

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Dadr El-Deen Al-Ayni (Mahmoud Bin Ahmed Bin Mousa Bin Ahmad) is a famous linguist in the 9th century. He was also interested in Prophet's sayings and history. This study docuses on his syntactic research as he, himself, has illustrated that in a book entitled "Sunnan Abu Wawud". Al-Ayni's Methodology in the interpretation of Mohammad's sayings will be studied intensively in an attempt to reveal his idiosyncracies in syntax and morphology as stated in a book entitled "Omdat Al-Qari' Fi SharhiSahih Al-Bukhari". SunnanAbi includes many linguistic, syntactic and morphological, issues, in addition to different readings of different linguistic topics. In fact, I relied on views by Seibaweih and Al-Akhfash, as well as some refernces in syntax to tackle Al-Ayni's views concerning these two figures.


Article
الاحتياط للمعنى بالتتميم والإيغال

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abstract If the meaning of words is what comes after him sacked or good tolerated, and otherwise enter the shortage which maligned him; so you must reserve Pettmamh; because if the speech was stronger and more if it was incomplete. And cautious of meaning Balttmim if speech illusion shortage comes speaker Favorable or phrase following the advanced speech; to be deficiency increase the emphasis and report its meaning. And it improves speech if indicative of the purpose for which put him, if Zaid to reach the maximum effect than was Egala. And put a damper type of redundancy, and the increase in the origin and meaning exaggerated, but if Oogl speaker in his words did not increase in the sense it was such Altaatmam and called Yigal reserve. Its purpose is to either clarify the meaning and emphasis and the customized after it was launched and the disposal of an emergency situation presented to the speaker to the other.

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Article
النثر الشعري عند جبران خليل جبران

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Summary Contributed School northern diaspora, like other contemporary literary schools, which appeared at the end of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century marched Renewal Movement in Arabic literature at both (form and content) and put a brick in the edifice of modern renaissance, though life Gibran and Malhakha of personal and environmental conditions as well as Mcharbh intellectual invited him to stay away from Arabic eloquence, and have varied experiences to develop a form of Arabic poem as well as content from the early Renaissance through Bjubran and Matlah, and I've called Gibran to the word and the accuracy of expression of emotions away from the luxury Alqamosah words, and I have different views of the critics in the naming (prose poetic) depending on the time period and the extent of understanding of the meaning of the term, but on the whole did not come out for poetic framework for monetary and opinions contained in research and which distinguished between each genre and another, and I've critics found a lot of literary negatives that accompany the prose poetic production, and by studying the text Jobrani axes rhythm, language and image,we find that Madea him Gibran has a layer of taking advantage of the text of the Bible and delinquency to slang words from the lexicon simplified with the accompaniment of emotion flowing and poetic image and sensations incandescent and mind spokesman characterized by Gibran.

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Article
الإعراب والمعنى

Authors: محسن حسين علي
Pages: 1048-1058
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The Arabic language is used in many human languages ​​as a spoken language, in which it expresses a means of explaining the meaning of its structures and places of expression, and expressing a path that is used to determine the meaning of speech and reach it to show its purposes and purposes. It opens the words of closure and is extracted from And it is the standard of speech which is not inferior to its inferiority until it is presented to it, and its measure which distinguishes between a sinner and a straight one until it is returned to him. "The grammarians were called grammar, because it is the first meaning Looking at the late words and what they are tired of And the link of these different movements meanings that came to clarify that the movement of the Arabs and their differences is a continuation of the difference of meaning. In this research, he replied to those who deny the importance of expressing the modernists, and he went on to say that the expression has nothing to do with the meaning, but we can understand the meaning of the sentence without regard to the signs of the Arabs. Some said that these movements in the end of the word were related to the influence of my voice. These are some of the claims of some of the modernists who took the ancients to say that the Arab movement was only because of the fact that the worker was attracted to it, and that it came from a difference, except for the difference of the factors involved in the pronunciation. This research is divided into the following: First: the expression in the language and the grammar of the advanced grammarians. Second: Expressions in the terminology of late grammarians. Third: Signs of expression. Fourthly: Why was the expression in the last name?

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Article
معجم (الجيم) لأبي عمرو الشيباني

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The Arabic translators are of great importance, because they are among the oldest linguistic studies, and their association with the Qur'anic studies. The Muslims' interest in the Holy Qur'an and the attempt to explain it prompted them to pay attention to it. As the many lexicon blogs appeared, the owners took their material from the mouths of narrators and commentators, until they were able to get them up. Linguists and lexicons have developed two types of order (1) to ensure that the language module is placed in its proper place in the lexicon. The first order is: alphabetical order (A, B, C, D,., ..., Z, Z, G) (Alphabetical order), the system developed by Nasr ibn Asim al-Leithi (89c), begins with (A, B, T, C, C, ...) and ends with Ba'ja, these are the two main systems of collecting votes of Arabic. Another system we can not prepare is a system headed by the two former regimes, for its difficulty on the user of the lexicon, which was developed by Khalil al-Farahidi (1751) in his pioneering dictionary Al-Ain (2) The first of those who did so was Abu Amr al-Shaibani, , Author of a lexicon.

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Article
نظرية التعريف عند أرسطو

Authors: د. مهدي طه مكي
Pages: 1072-1082
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Abstract

The scientific heritage left by Aristotle is a rich heritage of depth, precision and innovation. It highlights the multifaceted knowledge of all its dimensions and reveals horizons previously unknown to the human mind. Its purpose was to define the limits and principles of science. Of this science, and this has been more clearly manifested in the definition of the science of prohistory. Aristotle's proof is "analogous to necessary introductions". As Ibn Rushd says, "Proof in bulk is a measure of certainty that informs the knowledge of the thing about what it is in existence by the illness it is in." Proof is a scientific knowledge of a method that begins with necessary principles, namely, introductions and necessarily binding results, that is, each proof consists of three issues, ie, two propositions, a result, and introductions are hypotheses, axioms, seizures or definitions. The premise is an issue that is undoubtedly accepted, ie, it is an issue of its own structure that does not require proof. Confiscation is an unquestionable hypothesis. The axiom is a necessary preliminary introduction that does not need proof. As proof of Aristotle's knowledge, It is based on the selection of a set of primary boundaries to define the other boundaries. Definitions are the primary limits of empirical knowledge. Since the proof is based primarily on the derivation of logical, computational or geometric issues from issues that need no proof, , Where secondary boundaries are set whether they are logic Or its mathematical or engineering, through initial limits, these initial border is characterized by a simple, clear and non-definition of being.

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Article
وعي الموت في أطار الدنيا في شعر ابن حمديس الصقلي (( قراءة وتحليل ))

Authors: أ. د. ستار جبار رزيج
Pages: 1083-1100
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This research highlighted the important human experience of the Andalusian poet, the son of Hamdis Al-Saqli, who explained in his poetry the issue of death. The researcher examined it, making it a plan of preparation, basic research, and conclusion. He presented the issue of death to a poet who suffered physical and psychological alienation, Of the critics, and then their relationship with the poetic text and their artistic impact. The basic study is the inclusion of a study of death, a human phenomenon in which the poet is engaged in a poetic experiment through two interlocking axes. The first deals with the reality of death and the poet's view of it. The poet felt different E and the motivations and their technical impact, came the conclusion to show the results of the research

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المنشآت الصناعية المتوسطة في محافظة بابل وأهميتها لعام (2012- 2013)

Authors: م.م رقية فاضل عبد الله
Pages: 1101-1119
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Abstract: Become industrial plants medium influential in developed and developing countries force, and that they contribute to the economic growth of that country, as well as providing employment opportunities for the population and improved living standards have chosen this "medium-sized industrial facilities study and its importance in the province of Babylon," the fact that this sector contributes to the improvement of per capita income and create jobs, it is worth mentioning the need to link other industrial activities, this study include the problem of the main study, the hypothesis, and the length of time and limitations of spatial study, which includes spatial dimension site Babil province, between Dairtaard (-23.6 - 33.8) north and between longitudes (-43.57 - 45.12) to the east it is divided administratively into 16 administrative unit, an area of (5119) km 2, within the limits of the time the study took place between the years 2012-2013 and addressed the structural study three topics included the first part, the concept of facilities medium industrial and their importance and classification, while taking second topic medium industrial facilities in terms of prestige and his sons for the years 2012- 2013 came the third section of the highlights on the spatial distribution of industrial plants medium Babil province, where we found out that most of these facilities are located in the industrial district Bmdnah Hilla area because of the availability Most of the necessary supplies of transport, water and land, raw materials and labor facilities, and the most important research proposals establish procedures for the purpose of the development of these industrial enterprises funded by investors and rehabilitation of workers and their training, and to prevent goods competition to the domestic industry in the market study concludes the findings and recommendations.

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Article
الرأي الجغرافي الحصيف عند الدكتور إبراهيم شريف

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He was born in 1916 in the Arab Republic of Egypt, where he obtained his bachelor's degree in 1937, his master's degree in 1941, his doctorate in 1952, and his professorship in 1960. He moved to Iraq and worked as a teacher at the University of Baghdad since 1941, In 2000.     He wrote his doctoral dissertation and published a book. He added eight books to her, unique to each other and shared by colleagues. As far as it can be documented, published research was for nine. Discussed and supervised dozens of master's and doctorate dissertations, which we could not limit to many.

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Article
دراسة بعض الخصائص الهيدرولوجية لنهر الدجيلة في محافظة واسط

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Abstract The study tackled some hydrological features of AL-Dujailah river, it was illustrated through statistical analysis that the average of drainage was (13,8)m3/s. for the period between(2000-2012) of AL-Dujailah river dam station and (197,9)m3/s. for AL-Kut Dam station on the Tigris river to the same period. So, it is clarified that the connection of drainage system and the quality of AL-Dujailah river water with the hydrological features of Tigris river at AL-KUT Dam. This is system under the control of annual, seasonally and monthly variety for those averages. In addition to the impact of human fix factor, this variety resulted a decrease in the annual return to fulfill the water needs for various uses in different sides of the study area. It was shown that the share of each square kilometer from that drainage in the study area was (17,9) L./S./Km2 to the main organizer of AL-Dujailah dam station, and the medium height of water for AL- Dujailah area was (5,594)millimeter/year and there was a direct relationship between the sample of drainage (L./S./Km2), and the medium height of water in the area (millimeter/year) and the opposite relationship between the size of area (km2 ) and the medium of water height in it. It was also shown through studying some chemical features of AL-Dujailah river in seven selected locations at the long of the river starting from AL-Kut Dam when the AL-Dujailah river is resulted from Tigris river and up to its end south of AL-Kut city, the values of elements that measured were high, and this resulted from the decrease of drainage and it leads to the increase of melted materials, while the increase of the drainage of water leads to the opposite because when the drainage of water is rising, the focus of melted materials does not have enough time to be in touch with the banks of river and the melting become little because of the reduce. In addition to the increase of pollutants represented by the healthy drainage system and drains found along the old running of AL-Dujailah river.

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Article
النشاط السياسي للسيد موسى الصدر في الدفاع عن جنوب لبنان للمدة

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The study of the history of the Arab world in the second half of the twentieth century is of great importance because the region has undergone important changes that have made the world's political and military attention focused on it. Moreover, the struggle of major powers is focused on the issues of the region. In Palestine and adopted a policy of military expansion at the expense of neighboring Arab countries, especially Lebanon, which became by virtue of its location adjacent to Palestine one of the confrontation with the Zionist entity, whose policy was characterized by Lebanon's aggression and expansion and is working to sow discord political and sectarian and succeeded in breaking For stability in Lebanon, to a large extent.

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النقود العربية الاسلامية حتى نهاية العصر الاموي (132ھ /749م)

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Abstract : Money in the Arab Islamic state until the end of the Umayyad period (132 AH/749 AD), this study dealt with the beginnings of dealing with money in the global civilization and how to develop the monetary system,and moved to the rest of other nations, and when it came to Islam in the early seventh century,what money are treated population the Arabian Peninsula, and what is the position of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and his family) of cash Sasanian and Romania, which was dealing with Muslims in his reign, when the advent of the era of the Caliphs how they dealt with the monetary system and thereto evolve in the field of mintage Islamic, until the advent of Umayyad state in years (41 AH/132 AH), as happened during this era a major development in the currency Islamist where it was coined currency cash special new Islamic state, and thereby became the monetary system of the Islamic system independent from the rest of the other systems, has its rules and rules of its own, and this approach continues to the Abbasid era.


Article
لمحات من آثار الإِمَامِ عَليّ (عليه السلام) الفكرية

Authors: م. م. عروبة حاتم عبيد
Pages: 1203-1224
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Introduction The heritage that we have come from Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and the expression of the renaissance of our Ummah and its identity has included innumerable innumerable treasures that are revealed to us and are still being revealed day after day. This is due to the accuracy of the Imam's mind. The things of the unseen of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), which in turn had learned from God Almighty, called him to be aware of the chest, and therefore Imam Ali (peace be upon him) the gate of science, so people knew some of it according to the requirements of the situation, Some of what he heard, while without the bulk of his science in works, these works do not know anyone but the name; A large section of them are things of the unknown; so this research came to give glimpses of these unique effects.

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Article
تقسيم بولندا الثـــاني الأسباب والدوافع

Authors: أ.د حسن عبد علي الطائي
Pages: 1225-1238
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During the Middle Ages, the 7th, 18th and early 19th centuries witnessed continuous conflicts and wars based on the plundering of state property by another country. This means that the principle of power and power prevailed in Europe at that time and Poland was one of the European countries In 1852, Catherine II, who ruled Czarist Russia after Nicholas I, strove to seize the legacy of Poland. Russia, Prussia and Austria cooperated to partition Poland, as mentioned in the text of the research. . From this understanding, I began my research based on a number of sources. The most important of these were the book of the history of Europe and the book of Muhammad Mohamed Saleh, the history of modern Europe and Ali Haider Suleiman in his book The History of European Civilization, and other sources that will be detailed in the body of the research. The first section included the political situation in the four countries (Russia - Prussia - Austria - Poland) and the second included the division of Poland the first 1772 and the third section included the division of Poland II 1793 and the third division. Hoping through what I will say that I spent in monitoring the information from its sources and God is the guardian of success.

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Article
مدى فاعلية تقنيات الجيل الثاني للتعلم الإلكتروني التفاعلي في التدريس الجامعي من وجهة نظر اختصاصي تكنولوجيا التعليم والمعلومات

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Abstract : The study aims to reveal the Scale of efficiency of interactiveE-learning 2.0 techniques inuniversity teaching from a viewpoint of Specialist of Instructional& Informational Technology. The population of the study consisted of (41) from Specialist of Instructional& Informational Technology, who work at the Sudanese Universities in Khartoum State and their parallels from other institutions of high education. The researcher uses Questionnaire as a tool for data collection that pertinent to the study. The Questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of (22) respondents representing (54%) of the total of the study population. By adopting of the suitable statistical methods, data was processed By SPSS. In the light of the study question, hypotheses and on the bases of the principles of analytical- descriptive method, results were discussed and presented, findings have been summarized as follows : • The viewpoint of the sample showed their satisfaction towards the ways of development which can realize the performance of the university staff member as a results of using InteractiveE. Learning 2.0 which is embodied in the Questionnaire paragraphs. • The study haven't show any significant differences between the average of degrees of sample upon development which can be realized in university teaching as a result of using the Interactive E. Learning 2.0 techniques at the signified level of 0.05. Finally, the study has come out with some recommendation.


Article
المرغوبية الاجتماعية لمهنة التمريض عند طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية دراسة مقارنة

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Summary Search problem With inadequate perception of ornamentes when some Arabic and Iraqi communities in particular for the nursing profession wesmohamn between the medical profession and their impact on Science and education to students who engage in this aspect of knowledge surrendered to narrow some of this profession addition to absence of characteiztion career within hospitals is ahumanitarian profession provides affiliates with high skills.constitute an important aspect of the health team that work in harmony to provide integrated health care, they make up an overwhelming majority of members of the nursing profession of high profession throughout history and current research aims to identify socially desirable,whom he sees as a tendency like bergst who pointed out that it is determined by environmental factors and social norms and lead to snap an individual like some of them see it ready myself directing an individual to respond to certain topics and another sees it as directed and ready knowledge and mental analysis of learner attitudes and environmental themer and icons that provoked a positive response and have followed scientific procedures in achieving research objectives identify and choose specified steps and build tool including extraction of validity and reliability and mechanism of application and then review the statistical methods used to address his clear analysis and current research to a number of results that intermediate students have no greater interest in nursing and has been interpreting the results depending on the theoretical frameworks and discussed in accordance with previous studies which were presented in chapter II and in light of the results of the researcher with a number of recommendations and suggest future research projects

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النسق ألقيمي لدى معلمي المرحلة الابتدائية

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Abstract: The research aims to identify the current(The System of Values among primary school teachers),has formed the research sample of (400) teachers were selected randomly and the manner disproportionate in primary schools in Diwaniyah province for the academic year (2014-2015), has adopted the researchers measure Sehili (2009 ) were verified persistence and sincerity, and after the application of the scale on the sample results showed . 1. The values of teachers in primary school has incurred starting from the highest value to lowest value as follows: social value, and the value of religious, political and value, and the theoretical value, and aesthetic value, economic value. 2. There were no statistically significant differences in the pattern of values for the teachers with the exception of the political value and aesthetic value.


Article
بناء أداة لقياس إضطرابِ التشوُّهِ الجسميِّ

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Among the major behavioral problems are physical deformity disorder, as prevalence studies indicate that the percentage of prevalence among university students is between 2 and 13%. This is a serious percentage compared to 13-16% Psychologist (Phillips KA, 2009, p. 19). The importance of the subject is that the occurrence of this disorder leads the individual to show symptoms that are lighter, loss of self-confidence, loneliness and psychological trauma, and most of them reach home and isolation, even suicide (Phillips K.A., 2009, p.20). The victims exhibit symptoms such as deformity of the concept of beauty, dysfunction of memory, forced obsession, and social stigma. The term stigma originally refers to a sign that the Greeks placed on slaves to facilitate their distinction from the free. This term in current usage refers to shame or impotence. The stigma can be external (discrimination, bias) or internal (self-stigmatization) or, as is often the case, a combination of both. Knowing that one has been called a mental illness can cause both internal and external stigma. In response to social stigmatization, people with mental problems may be involved in public attitudes and expose themselves to embarrassment or shame to the point of hiding their symptoms and refraining from seeking treatment. Stigma can also reduce their access to resources and opportunities (such as housing and employment). They also lead to self-esteem decline, increased isolation, despair, and relapse (Sarason & Sarason, 2009, p. 7).

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أثر إستراتيجية التخيل الموجه في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الرياضيات وتفكيرهم التأملي

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Abstract: The current research aims to know (the impact of guided imagery strategy in the collection of second-graders average in mathematics and reflective thinking), through the verification of the following assumptions: 1. No statistically significant difference in the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied the strategy of guided imagery and the average score for the control group students who studied in the traditional way in the achievement test.

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تقويم فاعلية مدرسي اللغة العربية في ضوء مهارات التدريس الفعال

Authors: م.د. محمد عباس محمد
Pages: 1350-1369
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Abstract Evaluate the effectiveness of the Arabic language teachers in the light of effective teaching skills MD Mohammed Abbas Mamedml_khas Search: Find the current aims at evaluating the effectiveness of the Arabic language teachers in the light of effective teaching skills through: 1-identify effective teaching for teachers of language skills Arabah.2-evaluate the effectiveness of the Arabic language teachers in the light of those skills. To achieve the goal Find researcher chose a sample of the Arabic language teachers and Madrsadtha who teach the intermediate stage in the Directorate of Educational Babylon / Department of the Hashemite education for the academic year 2014-2015 of the number of schools in the Department of the Hashemite breeding (44) School of them (8) schools for boys and (9 ) schools for girls and 27 mixed school, researcher ruled out exploratory sample the (4) schools, and chose the researcher (20) middle school style class random draw from the research community's (40) School and amounted to sample lessons (149) as a teacher and school and after the sample excluded Expeditionary the (15) and a school teacher and became the sample (134) and a school teacher. The researcher adopted all teachers in schools drawn at random as the size of the application was the foundation (55) and a school teacher ratio formed of (41.04) from the research community. Researcher prepared a list of effective teaching skills, depending on the number of measures, including directing the questionnaire is open to a number of Arabic language teachers and Madrsadtha and supervisors and professors specialized in Arabic and studied methods. The search tool note form containing effective teaching skills that have been identified, and check researcher of validity and reliability of the tool, and for the purpose of reducing appreciation View Finder note form the elite of experts. Dish researcher observation form his own research sample after the completion of the application, use the Pearson correlation and the weighted average percentile and weight coefficient and means for statistical analysis of the results of his research. The researcher reached a number of conclusions, including: a lack of interest teachers of Arabic and Madrsadtha plan daily advance preparation, the researcher recommended the need to provide teachers of the Arabic language and Madrsadtha Bmehrat effective teaching and open centers for continuing education and researcher proposed a similar study on middle school and build a program to develop the performance of teachers in the light those skills

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أتجاهات الرأي العام العراقي نحو الانتخابات النيابية العراقية لعام 2014 (دراسة ميدانية على عينة من طلبة كلية هندسة المواد وكلية القانون بجامعة بابل)

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Abstract Measuring public opinion will be applied to young university slice as distinctive and rare and able to express the subject of parliamentary elections slice expression positively through their active participation in the electoral process, which depends on increased a lot of constituent factors of attitudes towards participation and strongly and these factors may be political or social religious or demographic. They vary slide in directions toward the candidates or blocs or parties which make them adopt attitudes yield vote or exclude them for a particular candidate, as public opinion polls show that there is a desire by the study sample in the House of Representatives elected change in 2010 as (according to their attitudes) possesses no supervisory role influential or that he cares about personal interests or the interests of the political block or the lack of approval of the laws that serve the citizen or political, partisan control in his performance, as well as the realization of this segment of the many political, security, economic and social challenges that will face the new representatives, and definitely some variables as gender or affiliation political or academic achievement plays a role in influencing the trends

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دراسة مقارنة في الذكاء المتعدد بين الطلبة المتميزين وأقرانهم العاديين في المرحلة الاعدادية

Authors: م. د. صادق كاظم الشمري
Pages: 1418-1446
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the aims of this research are: • Knowing the multiple intelligence of distinctions students in preparatory stage. • Knowing the multiple intelligence of normal students in preparatory stage . • Knowing the statistically significances differences of multiple intelligence between the distinctions students and the normal students . In achieving the aims, the researcher constructed the multiple intelligence scale ,The researcher made the statistical procedures when constructing the scale by ascertained of validity and stability, He derived the discriminations power by the two methods of the extremist groups and the relation of the item with the total score of scopes and dimensions of the criterion. The scale was applied on a sample of (267) students (male, female) from the fifth grade in the Preparatory school After collecting data and processing them, the research comes up to the followings: • The results showed that levels of normal students in logical intelligence are in average levels • The level of distinctions students are high in intelligence (linguistic, logical, bodily , musical, natural ) . • The level of distinctions students are less average of normal students in (spatial , social, intrapersonal) . • levels of normal students are high in intelligence (musical, natural) . • levels of normal students are less average of normal students in intelligence (linguistic, spatial, logical, bodily, social, intrapersonal) . • There are statistically significant differences in multiple intelligence between the distinctions students and the normal students in favor to distinctions students .


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الخجل الاجتماعي لدى طالبات كليات التربية/ جامعة الأنبار وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات

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Abstract: The research aims to identify the current (social shyness among students of colleges of education / University of Anbar and its relationship with some ariables); according to the variables of a course of study and the stage,The sample consisted of (216)female students from the two phases (first and fourth) of the Faculties of Education,Science and Education, Pure Science / Humanities Anbar University. The researchers prepared a measure of shame social be from (20) paragraph of the five alternatives (always, often, sometimes, rarely, never), has been verified sincerity virtual submitting it to the group of arbitrators, and the sincerity of construction by finding the relationship of each paragraph of the measure primarily overall scale, was a way to extract consistency Cronbach alpha was reached (0.86), and after application of the scale on the research sample results showed: * Owning students of colleges of education in general characteristic shyness. * There is no statistically significant difference in the level of social shyness among students of colleges of education in accordance with the variable course of study (scientific, humane). * There is a statistically significant difference in the level of social shyness among students of colleges of education in accordance with the variable grade (first and fourth), in favor of the first phase

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Article
الحماية الإجرائية للعلامة التجارية

Authors: م.م. سماح حسين علي
Pages: 1502-1519
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Abstract

Abstract The idea of using the brand to time not Balgarib due Since the foot used the mark to indicate the source of the products it knew the beginning of the brand this function then evolved this function, becoming a not only used to demonstrate the source of the products it has become her role in significance to product quality and increase the confidence of the by the consumer and then and after the development in the economic sphere has become the brand's job marketing to those Almentjat.oma was for the brand this importance, past and present, we find that some might intentionally assault on that mark through falsified or imitated in order to exploit consumer confidence by the fame that may up to the global level and this attack often may extend to goods is of fundamental relevance to people's lives Katsoar pharmaceutical and food products or basic equipment for the machines, putting people's lives at risk has US court found that incidents of some of the helicopters, which led to the death of some people because of crash the aircraft back to the defective parts made and made and Beit by the defendants and was carrying false trademark was the cause of death of some and wounding others serious physical damage.


Article
مكانة المرأة في الأديان الثلاثة " دراسة مقارنة "

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Abstract

Abstract This study examines the social reality and the legislature for women in the three monotheistic religions, Venqa a painful portrait of the reality of women in Judaism and Christianity and show the extent of injustice and tyranny, where it does not inherit anything from the money her father or his property if his sons were male, and do not inherit if she marries outside the tribe of her father, and do not incur a share in the inheritance of her husband. It turns out that women's rights are protected in Islamic law, where it is equal to the man at the origin of inheritance, the inheritance provisions apply to men and women alike. But that there are many cases where the swinging side of women to men in inheritance. Islam does not look to men and women on both of them substitute for the other, but believes they complement each other.

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