Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

Loading...
Contact info

human.magazine@yahoo.com
07811309967

Table of content: 2015 volume:4 issue:22

Article
The Problematic Use of Noun Diminutive Forms in English

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract: In language structure, a diminutive (or diminutive form), is a form of a word used to describe smallness of the object or quality named, intimacy, or endearment. Diminutives are created by adding suffixes to a word. It has been hypothesized that Iraqi EFL learners find difficulty in using noun diminutive suffixes correctly in their writing tasks since there are different suffixes used to form diminutive nouns. The present study is an attempt to identify the errors made by advanced EFL learners in the Department of English Language / College of Education for Human Sciences, University of Babylon in the use of noun diminutive forms.The current study falls into two parts, theoretical and practical. The theoretical introduces a general background to noun diminutive forms where they are classified according to form and function. A representative sample of Iraqi EFL learners has been chosen for error analysis. Errors have been pinpointed and results have been analyzed and statistically treated. This study is expected to be valuable to both EFL learners and instructors , on one the hand and translators to and from English and Arabic, on the other.


Article
CHARACTERISTICS OF LITERARY LANGUAGE

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract This paper investigates the interface between language and literature on the one hand and literary language and literariness on the other. Whether there is a literary language or not is a question that is consistently addressed, but it is one which cannot be addressed in isolation either from questions concerning the nature of literature itself or from the institutional contexts (i.e. schools) where literature and language are taught. The study includes a comparison between literary and non-literary language. Key words: literature, literary language, literariness, stylistic variation, defamiliarization, deviation theory.

Keywords


Article
Diminutive in Selected Poems of Al-Mutanabbi

Authors: Kamal Gatta Nasir
Pages: 30-38
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract : Diminutive is a term used in morphology to refer to an affix with the general meaning of ' little ', used literally or metaphorically ' as the term of endearment ' or it can also be a word or an ending of a word that shows that somebody or something is small. This paper aims to highlight the ' diminutive ' term, forms and meanings in classical Arabic by deciding the morphological patterns of Arabic diminutive words, their meanings and inflections- as far as the changes of their grammatical classes or parts of speech are concerned-in eighteen selected poems of Al-Mutanabbi. The models of the present paper are Wright (1971),Haywood & Nahmad( 1993 ),and Schneider (2013). This paper falls into five sections : the first is the introduction of the paper , the second is the definition of the term " diminutive " , the third is devoted to the diminutive in classical standard Arabic , the fourth is the practical analysis of the diminutive in selected poems of Al-Mutanabbi , and the fifth involves the conclusions .

Keywords


Article
البعد الحجاجي في السرد الصوفي مقاربة سردية تداولية في أنموذج من قصص المعراج الصوفية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Sufis tried to use various ways to prove the philosophical theory, but that concerns us in this paper, making them the narrative and orbital way to prove their case. This study is trying to stand on models of Sufis narrative like bin Arabi's story (In knowing happiness chemistry), when the tool is either for argument , or for the delivery of their own ideology, to explain means that pilgrims in those models, through the employment of pragmatics theory, and is no doubt that the Sufis when employ narrative in all its forms in their writings, do not mean them artistic fun, but are orbital texts aimed at persuading the recipient, how they build their texts orbital, and the mystic narrative relationship pilgrims, Is it a relationship Integration or repulsion, and whether that can be artistic discourse and the way to prove the speech philosophical and ideological, and when the orbital narrative way, how do we look at the way the Sufis narrative, from the technical point of view, what are the implications or implied patterns that they want to deliver through the narrative? These and other questions, we will try to be discussed in the course of the show.


Article
منهج المبَّرد ( ت 285هـ) في كتابه المقتضب

Authors: م. محمد احمد زكي
Pages: 1549-1557
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A radiator in his old age his brief time after the completed mental immaturity and intellectual counting so this book is the most important of his works and themselves. The RPR this book clearly ferry because the radiator of view in the literature and literature polisher come into contact with minds Vizul resonate and relates tongues Vtazb ancestors also excelled in abundance application and walked radiator on the approach Sibawayh in the presentation of the material on the basis of topics syntactic and orphological and vocal however, the coolant mixing between these detectives making many researchers to describe the brief book that troubled book authored this book went to the fore as during Sibawayh book (book of the report), one of the most celebrated books as a book after Sibawayh but is not well known in his time as famous book Sibawayh.


Article
القياس الخاطئ في اللغة العربية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract The aim of the research is to reveal important phenomenon in the Arabic languages wrong measurement that has not received from researchers care enough and so we had to detect this phenomenon and to indicate its borders and to clarify what confused than of its issues. The research revealed that the wrong measurement phenomenon are those mental process is carried out to compare the unknown word and its counterpart information.


Article
الأزمات الغذائية وسبل حلها في الفكر الإسلامي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

First requirement Definition of the crisis and its related terms To understand the concept of these words, it is necessary to know the meaning of the language first and then to mention its terminology as follows: Crisis language: distress and drought, and collect crises and the passage of time, and the crisis of gravity and shop (1) The term: distress and distress, and they say: political crisis and economic crisis (2).  Related words: Aljdab language: drought, which is the opposite of fertile, and the people hit them seriously, and renewed the year became Jdb. And the earth is the land of which there is not a few, not many, nor a wetland, nor grass, and the generosity: the rain breaks and the earth is desolate, and in the talk of ascites (the livestock are destroyed and the country is replete). In the term: the lack of proof of planting for lack of rain (4). Famine Hunger is the name of the oppressor, an antithesis of satiety, starving hunger, starvation and starvation, famine and famine in the year 5. The drought has been retained, (and dented) by the people who have suffered the drought (6) and the people have been degraded if they have not rained, and the time is hardened by its severity, and the drought in all things is very poor. The reformist meaning is not different from the linguistic meaning. Poverty is a language against richness. The poor is called a poor person who suffers from a strong need, which prevents him from being able to fluctuate in his own gain, and the weak poor people who do not have a profession for them. He has some enough to say the opposite (8). A convention: a person who does not have a nisaab that is too much for his needs.

Keywords


Article
الضوابط العامة للاختصاص القضائي الدولي في منازعات التجارة الالكترونية - دراسة مقارنة -

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract The occurrence of the technological revolution of communication and the resulting global communications network appearance (the Internet), became the people can in different countries merchants and consumers to deal with each other without the need to move and skip long distances, which led to an increase in the special relations that arise across the border, especially trade relations international which took witnessing a remarkable development has become a phenomenon where the transmission of commercial transactions from the ground to the Internet growing by the day. Since it is natural that those disputes arising from relations between the parties as is the case in light of traditional trade relations, it was necessary to the existence of a national Chapter spend his authority is being held in such disputes. And to make up for this power (international jurisdiction) as to make up for such disputes (electronic commerce disputes) . As the international jurisdiction in disputes electronic commerce does not meet the national spend in absolute terms, but based on the general legal controls or a private defined by the national legislature of each state as Iraqi legislature has done in the articles (14, 15) of the Iraqi Civil Law Number 40 of 1951 average. It says this research to shed light on the general controls of international jurisdiction in electronic commerce disputes in accordance with Iraqi law and the Egyptian laws, the UAE and France with reference to the position of Swiss private international law and the UNCITRAL Model Law on electronic Commerce of the 1996 United Nations Convention on speeches electronic 2005 and the Brussels Convention of 1968 between the common European market countries and on international jurisdiction and enforcement of foreign judgments in civil and commercial matters and the European Directive No. 44 of 2001 on jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters in the European Union, where appropriate .


Article
روســــيا وحــــــــــــرب الـــــقرم 1853- 1856

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The Crimean War is one of the most important wars fought by the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century, in which Britain and France took part alongside the Ottoman Empire, but were named after the most important battles in the Crimean Peninsula, which lies north of the Black Sea. The immediate cause of the war was the violent quarrel in Jerusalem between the Catholics and the Athenians. The Czar of Russia seized the opportunity to make an ultimatum to the Ottoman government to recognize him as the protector of all the Armenian subjects in the Ottoman Empire. The British ambassador Kanning satisfied Ottoman officials To reject the warning and from here the crisis is gradually taking hold. The war broke out in July 1853, when Britain and France took part in March 1854. It had three fronts: the Danube in the west and the Caucasus front in the east, or the third front was in the Crimea. The first point dealt with the Greek revolution and the conflicts that arose between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. The second point focused on the Egyptian issue and the role of Muhammad Ali Pasha in fueling the conflict. And the third point was related to the Treaty of London in 1840, which was one of the direct causes of the Crimean War. The second section highlighted the circumstances and reasons that led to the war between the warring countries. The third topic dealt with the product of the Crimean War and the decisionsParis Conference, which ended with the war.

Keywords


Article
الكسندر هاملتون (1755-1804) دراسة تأريخية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Every nation has a history, every history has its own people and its members, and Alexander Hamilton is one of the men and people of American history. American generations still refer to him with respect and gratitude, not because he laid the foundations of their nascent republic, but because he managed to defend them in the darkest circumstances that almost predicted the unity of the country. The future of the emerging American state threatens to collapse.     Hamilton, a controversial personality, lived a troubled childhood, inspired by masculinity, distanced himself from a past burdened with contractions and dilemmas and spent a new beginning of challenge and determination until he discovered himself in a different identity that nothing to do with the past despite his bitter realities.     Dream of the championship and glory did not hesitate for a moment in the search for the shortest way to success or anything extraordinary to prove his abilities and his mind.

Keywords


Article
التحليل الساينوبتيكي لظاهرة الأمطار الغزيرة على محافظتي بغداد وبابل في عام 2012

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The purpose of thesestudy rainfall amount and intensity the knowledge of the rain precipitation rate and determine its value and the temporal and spatial distribution of the important things in many applications the aim of this researches to analyze rain precipitation rate for Iraqi meteorological and seismology.The results revealed that the rainfall average of 25/12/2012 was 67.5 mm in Baghdad. However rainfall average in Babel about 73.3 mm. the monthly rainfall rate precipitation of Baghdad between January and December( 27.2 , 19.1 , 22.0 , 15.6 ,3.2 , 3.2 , 3.3 , 12.4 and 20.0 ) mmrespectively,and the monthly rainfall rate precipitation of Babel between January and December (3.8 , 6.2 , 1.1 ,0.1 , 5.1 , 1.9 , 35.6 and 75.1)mm But no precipitation dunning between June and September.The comparison study of rain precipitation rate for the 25/12/2012 day more than the rainfall of any certain month.It was concluded from the present study that atmospheric analysis measures and rain Data means it couldn’t cause rain. So we can say that heavy rain caused of created cyclonic.


Article
هايدرولوجية الجزء الشرقي من بحيرة العظيم ووديانها

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The importance of hydrological studies in the importance of identifying the characteristics of surface water and runoff, as well as the presence and movement of groundwater in the region spatially and physical and chemical analysis and its suitability for drinking and irrigation.The study represented a specific problem with questions about the existence of the fluctuation in the groundwater levels in the study area as well as a discrepancy in the quality of water in terms of chemical properties. The study aims to conduct a detailed study on the groundwater characteristics depending on field surveys by collecting water samples and conducting laboratory analyzes using the Geographic Information Systems (CIS) and a number of related software depending on the schemes and effects standard for evaluating water validity for drinking or irrigation and compare them with local and international standards. The study included a number of results, most notably the presence of some non-productive wells cannot be used for drinking or irrigation because of the depth of the groundwater or to the presence of chemical and physical contaminants in them.


Article
مهارات القراءة للمتخلفين عقليا تخلفاً بسيطاً

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Witnessing the last stage in developed societies, mostly, as well as developing an increase in the number of mentally retarded because of the increasing factors leading to mental retardation by the weakness of insufficient efforts and services directed her other hand, and according to statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the board of the United Nations and more than a dozen residents the world are disabled. And it notes that( 80%) out of more than (200) million disabled children in the world live in developing countries With this in mind the importance of current research has emerged which aims to: 1.measure the level of reading skills among students mentally retarded simple. 2.knowledge of the differences statistically significant in the level of reading skills among students mentally retarded backward simple variable according to sex males – females).) This research on pupils mentally retarded was limited backward Bsita.omn both sexes (males and females) were selected (60) male and female pupils indiscriminate manner. To achieve the objectives of the research the researchers adopted a Scale reading skills (Rousan 1998), and extracted virtual and reliability by using the method of re-testing and amounted reliability coefficient (0.89) and corrupted measure in its final form (13) Paragraph .obad the application of the scale on the research sample and processed statistically was the most important Results: The average reading skills have all premise of the scale average.1 There are statistically significant differences in favor of males.2 In light of the search results researcher recommended the need for attention to the various activities that provide for mentally retarded children in an effective manner in order to help them to integrate into society as contributing to those programs to increase their use of the skills of reading programs The researcher. suggested a number of studies and scientific research including: preparing a training program to modify the reading skills of children mentally retarded.


Article
مستوى طلبة قسم اللغة العربية في تحليل النصوص لغويا"

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The goal of this research is to determine the level of students in the Department of Arabic linguistic analysis of texts. Total sample (100) students, and the search tool text conjugal analyzed by an analysis of the students linguistically The researcher used statistical means the following: - Pearson correlation plant, and the percentage and after analyzing the results statistically researcher concluded that the (40) students make up the ratio of (40%) have successfully resolved And (60) students make up theratio ofthe amount(60%)failed toanalyze text. The researcher has recommended that some of the recommendations, including the text of the material taught to students stage Ih in the Department of Arabic language and not just by asking students to save material and Astzaarha only by analysis and testing care.


Article
دافعية الطلبة نحو الالتحاق بقسم التاريخ وعلاقتها بتحصيلهم الدراسي

Authors: أ.م. شيماء حمزة كاظم
Pages: 1746-1764
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract This research aims to: - 1. Definition of the students' motivation to join the Department of History. 2. Know the relationship between motivation and achievement among students of the Department of History. Total sample (39) Talia "and female students for the first phase, and (44) male" and female students for the second phase, and (25) male "and female students from the third stage, and (25) male" and female students from the fourth stage. The search tool was a researcher built a scale to measure the motivation to be of (20) in front of each paragraph, paragraph five alternatives. The researcher used statistical means the following: - Pearson correlation coefficient, samples t test for one sample and Cronbach's alpha coefficient. After analyzing the results statistically, "the researcher concluded that the Department of History students have high level of motivation and in the light of the results reached the researcher to some of the recommendations, including: - 1. attention to the development of students' attitudes toward their specialty school. 2. benefit from the motivation scale for the purpose of distribution of students, each according to his desire in different sections of the Faculty of Education.


Article
أساليب التعليم عند أئمة أهل البيت (عليهم السلام)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

There is no doubt that Ahlulbait approach (peace be upon them) represents a natural extension of the messianic approach which laid the foundations for Habib Mustafa Muhammad (may Allah bless him and his family) so we find that they followed the (peace be upon them) several teaching methods to teach Muslims the teachings of Islam and reporting heavenly message of Islamic society they real leaders chosen by Bari Almighty for leadership of the Muslim community, and the one who wants that draws from the spring of pure Islam what it unless their followers walk on their way. The teaching methods that characterized the infallible Imams from the Mohamed them the best prayer and delivery over the life is only an extension of the methods and means of the Koran, and methods of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and his family) and the Imams of AhlulBayt (peace be upon them), because they are God's rope stretching what between heaven and earth, and that's what made him beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) when he said in the last days of his life: (I am one who does not in you Althaglin Book of Allah and Aatarta my household once Thompsktm them will never keep you after me) and this is evidence Asmthm (peace be upon them) certificate Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and his family). Vosalib Koran, and methods of humanity Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and his family), and methods Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) are only integrated rings, complement each other, the source of divine revelation, and their source heavenly legislation. And the Department of current research into four topics dealt with the first part, teaching methods / Overview The second section dealt with the educational methods that addressed research while devoted the third section of the role of imams of Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them the educational The fourth section) has dealt with educational methods when Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) and these methods are: 1. Description. 2. The use of real things. 3. perception and cognition heart. 4. repetition. 5. thinking.


Article
الدلالات الاجتماعية لعناصر الفن التشكيلي وتأثيرها في الفن المسرحي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study is regarded as an attempt to explore the social indications of the fine art elements such as the color ,shape, space, texture and block and their effects on the dramatic techniques. Through this study ,the researcher tries to answer the such query “What are the social indications of the fine art and what are their effects on dramatic show?” . In order to achieve the aims of this study , the researcher offers such humble study that includes three chapters. The first chapter presents the problem, the aims, the significant and the need of the study . It also introduce a linguistic, idiomatic and philosophic definition to clarify the meaning of the indication. The second chapter includes two sections: The first section views the social indication concept with their types. While the second section sheds the light fine art elements of dramatic art and the social indication of each of these elements. To prove the theoretical framework of this study ,the researcher selected a sample of dramatic show through which these social indication elements of Fine Art can be reflected clearly and explicitly .The third chapter includes the findings of the study, the conclusions and some of the recommendations.

Table of content: volume: issue: