Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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07811309967

Table of content: 2016 volume:1 issue:23

Article
القيمة التوافقية والخلافية بين الصفات الصوتية*

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The phonetic lesson at the Arab scientists started with the morphological phonetic method of AlKhall Al-Farahedi in his vocabulary book “ AL-AIN” , Sebawaih’s diphthong phenomenon, Ibn-Jiny’s morphological matters, Ibn-Sena’s how and why the letters are roduced , and the scientists of intonation , was known as the melody. The phonetic differences are also connected with the apparent and special phonetics of Arabic , and the criteria that generate the phonetic differences that could be recognized only with the meeting of the the sounds with corresponding prosperities , and the contrastive adjectives such as ( voiced : voiceless ) ( stress : looseness ) , ( closure : openness ) , ( emphasis : weakening ) . Al-Farahidi used the phonetic criterion : ( physical member ) in classifying the courses of the Arabic sounds . The modern phoneticians used the comparative phonological criterion in the study of ( the phonetic difference ) on the Arabs’ language or ( the phoneme ) or ( the distinct features ) of Arabs’ language .

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Article
أثر الوعي و(اللاوعي) في الإفصاح عن اللذة في شعر عمر بن أبي ربيعة

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The research we assert that inborn conduce to tension the personal physique for the poet and that is produced conflicts between soul requests and it inborn from emotions affect in the body. That desires which coldes in each other with the realistic. So. The in burns leave and precipitate to the world of un realize than we found, it has ports which give about itself in the text of anthology. The lists in poetry of Omar Ibn Abi Rabiaa is reflect to his self which conflict in the crash between sexuality, the self and powerful. They are the issued in his poetry. He lives between whirlpool that conflict which between a value of self or hich stand of the dishing between requests of his sexuality, which requires of it to calm to obtain to the or gasmic. The for mof speaking of orgasmic which fraises legend for the poet to push the failure which makit in his self. The achieve of balance the psychologic and the polemical between the requires the body and emotions.

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Article
التحوُّل الصرفيّ إلى صيغة اسم المَفْعُوْل في القرآن الكريم بين التوجيه الاعتباطيّ والإعجاز البيانيّ

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A switch morphological issue gained widespread attention in the works of Arab scholars, Fbroa for different terms, and the impact of search term shift, because it is a matter of Altfl that his actions are often necessary function of the gradient get in the act, or affectation in procured. This research is part of a series of research denounce the bush shift in construction morphological in the words of the Koran, as is the hit of self assumptions that led to the distortion of the meaning of word apparent, has been singled out research to study the terms set out to build a name in effect, that there were many sayings of the commentators and linguists in touch significance, the transformation of the examples to build a name effect of examples devolve to other buildings, are: the names of the actors, or Almhbhh their attributes, or over formats, or sources, or the crowd, or ratios formats, or structures grammatical delete any part thereof, or otherwise transformation of morphological patterns to name the alleged effect. It is hoped that a statement from the search Quranic miracle is not achieved Almtool sense that suggested, but the apparent sense of the term .chart, as it is in the Koran


Article
مفهوم الشعر عند قدامة بن جعفر

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Different concepts concerning poetry had been proposed by ancient Arabic critics. Some of them said that poetry is a harmony between the word and meaning together with rhythm . Aljahiz argued that the effective element in the poetry and what deepen the value of poetic text in the recipient’s the soul is the word. Although Aljahiz tends to word not to meaning, however, the good choice and taking care of word should be side by side with the meaning . Whereas AL-Tabataba’I found that poetry is a versified speech differs from prose text that is used by people as poetry involves a word, meaning , rhythm and its structure differs from prose text structure, thus, the poetic text should be searched and adjusted from time to time by the poet so as enjoyment of hearing poetic text could be reached . Qudamah Bin Jaefer pointed that poetry is a rhythmic utterance indicates meaning. When the word , meaning and rhythm are incorporated together then poetic text will be created . It could be noted that Qudamah differs from other critics in his sight to the poetry. He considered rhythm as an essential element in poetry , while the other critics such as Bin Tabataba’I did not. He also pointed to a very important issue that is if the poet wanted tp praise someone , he must take into account the praised person status . In addition to, Qudamah showed that description and metaphor are fundamental purposes. In spite of most critics do not considered them as a separated purposes but they come accidental in the poem

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Article
دراسة في سيرة مؤلف الشريف الجرجاني (740 – 816ه)

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Studies based on knowledge of authors' lives are studies of the common dimensions of a range of human sciences, as they examine various aspects of the life of any author.       It moves from one side to another to learn the life of the subject of the research to see what the author of the efforts of large or small negative or positive, all through the study of the aspects of his whole life. In addition, such studies stem from the importance that it focuses on the stage Scientific, social, intellectual and political era of history is very important because of the obvious effects of the generations that have died and left their mark on the great mind of the age. The research in that period is a revelation of great efforts for what they did, especially if we know that it was the founding stage of most of the human and Islamic sciences This dream came The idea of ​​research to focus on a study in the biography of one of the great authors who left their clear mark on most areas of mental science and the transition to know it, and starting with the need to know his life through the passage of his name and his name and then the age in which he lived and the impact and impact of one another and then come The rest of the Mabahith in the knowledge of intellectual and scientific production and a statement of the status of scientific and social status and then know what left behind the effects of research and literature.       This research came to contribute to the knowledge of one of our distinguished scientists from the righteous Salaf, to show the character of Mr. Al-Sharif Al-Jarjani through a series of separate investigations, concluded with a list of sources and references.

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Article
أبنية المصادر الثلاثية المجردة ودلالاتها في تفسير جوامع الجامع للطبرسيّ (ت 548هـ)

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This research deals with morphology tri sources naked in mosques Mosque introduced the buildings tri sources naked mentioned by Tabarsi in his interpretation, and the purpose behind this research is to highlight the views of Tabarsi morphological in morphology sources shows that these views were valuable as it was some of which is unprecedented thus contributing to supplement the Arabic language library.


Article
حركة الشاي السياسية في الولايات المتحدة الامريكية

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The tea movement is an American political movement that has been called partly conservative, partly libertarian and partly populist. At the grass roots level, the emergence of the tea party movement can best be understood as an overgrowth of the increased conservatism of the Republican electoral base, and particularly the more politically engaged segment. The survey conducted on October, 2010 wave of the American National Election Study Evaluations of the Government and Society Survey indicates that the majority of the tea party supporters were Republicans, and much more conservative than over Republicans. While conservatism is by far the strongest indicator of support for the Tea Party movement, racial hostility also has a significant impact on support. The rate of their political activity suggests that the Tea Party movement has a potential to strongly influence the republican congressional and presidential elections, putting substantial pressure on Republican candidates. The movement has attracted enormous attention since 2009. However, there has been considerable disagreement among political observers about the numbers and motivation of those participating in Tea Party protests, the prevalence of racist sentiments among Tea Party activists, and the role played by wealthy individuals, conservative groups and media figures in fomenting these protests. A key question raised by the spread of Tea Party protests and the emergence of Tea Party candidates in numerous House, Senate, and gubernatorial elections is whether this movement represents a new force in American politics or whether it is simply the latest, and perhaps the noisiest, manifestation of the long-term rightward shift of the Republican Party—a shift that can be seen as part of a larger trend toward increasing partisan polarization in American politics. Most Liberal wing political analysts argue that the Tea Party protests are driven by well-funded conservative interest groups and media figures, it’ s clear that right-wing organizations have provided important logistical supports for the movement and that conservative media figures associated with Fox News, have played crucial roles in publicizing and encouraging attendance at Tea Party protest, yet these efforts do not explain the existence of a large, receptive audience among the American public.

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Article
الخطورة في الجريمة دراسة تحليلية

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The study of the phenomenon of crime occupies an important position in the field of social studies. Human societies are keen to exert utmost efforts to combat this negative phenomenon which threatens their existence, with a view to eradicating it or limiting its effects as much as possible. The criminal is often subject to crime under the influence of many factors Which is internal due to its organic and psychological composition, including what is external to the environment, and according to the researcher that the crimes are increasing rates in environments where social disintegration prevails, and instability compared to environments where members live a better life of stability and stability

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Article
مـبــــــدأ مــــونـــرو دراســـــــة فــــي تحليــــــــل المضمـــــــون (1823- 1898)

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A century and more than three decades later, Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev sharply criticized Monroe's principle. "The remnants of the Monroe Doctrine should have been buried as the bodies are buried so that the air will not be polluted afterwards with its foul smell."     We do not know whether this characterization is in place, or is it just a figment intended to distort the image of the United States of America against the backdrop of ideological and strategic conflict between Moscow and Washington at the time. Whatever the case, what concerns us from this start is only two things: First, the Monroe Doctrine, issued in 1823 with the aim of preventing any European interference in the affairs of the American continent, should have been suspended after it was not needed, but it seems to have remained closely linked to American policy and that successive administrations have not been able to disengage from it. Second, what is the true content and content of the Monroe Doctrine, which a Khrushchev official had to describe after nearly a hundred and thirty-seven years with all this harsh criticism.

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Article
مملكة أودغست اإلسالمية )دراسة في احوالها العامة 62-446هـ/682-2004م((

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Awdaghast Islamic kingdom is a famous by the name of it's capital and the biggest city Awdaghast, commercial city and gold city. Awdaghast was the important city in this kingdom which was established between different problem . We are studying the history of this kingdom in order to solve this contrasts problem. There are many question like is Awdaghast Arabic or Sudany kingdom? Is the population from Arab tribes or from Sudanies ? Is Awdaghast kingdom established by economic reasons? Why was the struggle between Ghanies and Muravids is situated in Awdaghast kingdom ? Is the Islamic religion entered early in this kingdom by the earliest Arab military invades of liberation western Arab lands, or by Abdullah bin Yassin the leader of Muravids ? All these questions search for answers. Researchers do all their bests to reach for the best results of this research in order to explain the historical actual.The study contains many paragraphs in order to reach for good results. We study the situation, the border of this kingdom to clear the significance for Awdaghast kingdom and for it's neighbor countries. We also study it's name and we choose the correct name which is " Awdaghast ". This section study the founder and the date of it's foundation. The population of this kingdom are consisted from the Arab nation who were the majority, and from Negroes who were the minority. Other paragraphs studies the spread of Islamic religion in this kingdom. Islamic religion entered this kingdom at the same time of Uqbah bin Nafia, and Musa bin Nusair invaded toward western land. We also study the social and the economic life which was very rich because the kingdom contains pure gold and it was important commercial center who encourage other countries like Ghanah to control on this kingdom. We study the administration system of this kingdom. We also study Awdaghast's army who is very strong in order to defend the borders of this kingdom. The political regime is the important subject in this section. The collapse of this kingdom returned to internal reasons like the shortage of the water, the competition upon the authority and the richness live of the nation of this kingdom. The external reasons were the threaten of neighbor powers like Ghanah who occupy the Awdaghast kingdom. The research contains many results like the significance of it's situation who give the kingdom economic activities and attract the Arab merchants who used cheque in their treatment.


Article
حياة النبي يوسف () السياسية في القرآن الكريم

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Been the subject of the importance of the life of Prophet Yusuf (AS political) in the Qur'an in the bone position he held in the land of Egypt as well as the trials and tribulations suffered by the even field has been made available to him to serve as Egypt Aziz and his wealth of the importance and the impact on the history of the children of Israel . The research systems in the form of sub-themes start since he came to Egypt as a slave sells his brothers to a convoy of commercial passers-by debit want Egypt and the sequence of the tribulations suffered by then a theme Courting and entering prison unjustly and other events was chased had an impact on the history of the children of Israel and ending of his death (p Tags: notes, understand, tells, obviously, it seems, we can say, turns, points out, transferred, Male, disagreed, continued, it became clear to us, little, gives us, it was said


Article
العلاقات النجدية – الكويتية حتى عام 1932

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The subject of the study of the Kuwaiti-Najdi relations until 1932 of topics vital not only in the history of the two families, but in the history of the Arab region due to the public posed by the two families of economic and political weight in the great history to Arabic-Arab relations in the modern and contemporary history.We have encountered a number of difficulties are exposed every researcher addresses the history of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait and is difficult to reach the provisions of historical facts and wrong because of the scarcity of sources dealing with the history of the two countries objectively and impartially.The search Consists of an introduction, six sections and a conclusion, the first part, the roots of Kuwait relationship with Al Saud, and the second topic the establishment of Al-Saud in Kuwait 1893-1901, and the third section of improved relations between Al Saud and Kuwait because of the Kuwaiti House help of Saud in regained their rule in Riyadh, came fourth topic Kuwait shows the role in strengthening Britain's relations with the House of Saud, while the fifth topic he studied in which Kuwait's role in Saudi Arabia Ottoman negotiations, while sixth topic tense relations between the two countries seal despite held conference to regulate the border in Uqair in 1922. The conclusion has focused on the most prominent the findings of the study findings within the period specified for the study depended on a group of Arab and foreign sources, and localized, and that too is what we wish we have been successful in the performance of our mission


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التعاون العسكري والاقتصادي بين روسيا وإيران في عهد الرئيس محمد خاتمي1997-2005

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The relations between countries vary in terms of strength and importance depending on the amount of goals and interests desired by both sides of this relationship. In this context, the history of relations between the Russian Empire and Persia witnessed many conflicts over influence in the Caspian Sea, the North Caucasus and beyond, and Central Asia. The relations between the two countries were characterized by stability after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979. Mr. Khomeini received the Soviet ambassador to Tehran (Vladimir Vinogradov) more than once, but the relations between the two countries worsened considerably because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and then providing military and technical assistance and Soviet intelligence to Iraq During the Iran-Iraq war. Faced with the collapse of the communist regime in 1991, the ideological barrier between the two countries has ceased. In order to counter the growing American pressure on Iran, the Iranian side began to approach the Russian Federation, the heir to the Soviet Union, to obtain a strategic ally to balance American pressure and acquire nuclear weapons and technology to enhance Iran's military capabilities. I hav a revivalship. Military cooperation in the traditional and nuclear fields has become a central position in the relations between the two countries. In this context, Russia has declared its commitment to implement all arms deals between Iran and the former Soviet Union. Nuclear cooperation.

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النشاط المصرفي في العراق خلال الحكم العثماني المتأخر والاحتلال البريطاني 1869- 1917

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The bank system, one of the tools and mechanisms important for any country in the world to achieve economic stability to that country and by providing pillars of appropriate economic policies in general and financial policies and cash, in particular, to carry out the performance of our duties main tasks upon which the economic stability of the country. The banking system essential for economic policies and other financial ones it is so essential and very important in the economic process . The period which is covered by the research is the worst periods that here passed on modern and con temporary spread of administrative corruption and the penetration of the colonial and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire history of Iraq , through there were always the field of investment and strong competition among European countries colonial for concessions in Iraq . Which led to the establishment of banking branches wrestling the task of paving the way of banking activity . The establishment of branches of international banks in Iraq in that epoch in the history of Iraq giving the evidence that commercial movement and is the importance of Iraq at the time for the countries of the colonial because there are a big goods in Iraq in addition to a significant contribution to the consolidation of knowledge in banking , which was produced in some banking and small businesses that dealt currency exchange system , which was the founding of some banks an in Iraq hands within the country .The establishment of banks is the evidence of community awareness of the importance of those acts by which is open to the world and grow the of trade movement .


Article
اشكاليات في حياة الإمام الحسن (عليه السلام)

Authors: زينب كامل كريم
Pages: 314-320
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About the life of Imam Hassan (peace be upon him):    Imam al-Hasan (PBUH) received the Imamate after his father at a stage that involved grave dangers to the message and the nation. The Imam had to lead the Islamic nation at this stage and save it from division and dispersion because of each of the people of Iraq to Imam Hassan and the loyalty of the Sham people to Mu'awiya. The sentences and the war of two rows All these events have attracted the comprehensive and correct vision and the Muslims became any side is the right and the right to follow and to those who drew attention to this stage shaken intellectually and ideologically, accompanied by the events and the falsehood of the right dress we find the comprehensive reading and sound and intelligent handling Almtrue surface to the p Z hands of Imam Hassan (AS) The books of the history of Taweelah mentioned the qualities and qualities and qualities of Imam Hassan, which made him rise in the honor of the people and reach a position not reported to anyone but the Messenger of Allah (r), both in worship and fear of God or in asceticism and doing good deeds or in his mercy and kindness, On the authority of Imam al-Sadiq on the authority of his ancestors, he said: Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib used to worship people in his time and sacrifice them and their best. If he had a pilgrimage, he might walk barefoot, and if he mentioned death he cried. If the grave was recited, The passage on the road cried, and if the offer to the Almighty mentioned a lustful lust of him, and if he resisted (Peace be upon him) said: "If you mention Paradise and Hell, disturb the disorder of the righteous, and ask Allah for Paradise and seek refuge from the Fire, and he (AS) does not read from the book of Allah Almighty: (O ye who believe) He sees in one of his conditions only the remembrance of Allaah. (1)

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تحليل جغرافي للحرمان البشري وفقر الدخل في محافظات الفرات الاوسط

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This research study the search fields (education, health, infrastructure, housing and economic status family) representing ratios of human deprivation in the provinces of the Middle Euphrates years (2006 and 2011) The income poverty has been studied by a one indicator which is the number of the poor people. The research has shown high human deprivation and income poverty and contrast in the Central Euphrates provinces ratios, as Najaf lowest province recorded ratios in the fields (education, infrastructure and housing) in 2006 and 2011 income poverty in 2009, and recorded the province of Karbala, the lowest in the field of health in 2006 and 2011, while the province of Muthanna they are the highest deterioration and a rise in the fields of human deprivation ratios (education, health and economic status family) in 2006 and income poverty in 2009 and also recorded high rates of all fields in 2011. Diwaniyah province recorded the highest rates of deprivation in the field of housing in 2006 and 2011. As the field of infrastructure and above deprivation ratios appeared in Diwaniyah province in 2006 in the province of Babylon in 2011. And reflect the high rates of indicators of human deprivation and the proportion of income poverty in the Central Euphrates provinces of government neglect of development projects in those provinces before 2003 and the wars that exhausted the Iraqi economy where it fought Iraq midst of two wars in the eighties and nineties economic blockade since August 1990, as well as the lack of development projects after 2003 . This requires the development of industrial activity in Iraq, particularly the oil sector, agricultural sector and tourism spending and revenue activity on development projects, and this in turn helps to reduce the unemployment rate and raising the standard of living of the population.


Article
كفاءة التوزيع المكاني لخدمات رياض الأطفال في مدينة الحلة

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This stage does not apply to compulsory education in Iraq and this does not mean the lack of importance and efficiency, as the age of man takes important roles in the formation of personal final images, and the expression kindergarten Kindergarten: is the expression of the world's children's German Fruel 1840 m affected by steps Bastaluzi - The name of the kindergarten used its roots from the excursion made by Frowell when he was walking freely in the green mountainous nature through which he said that the children's school has a kindergarten that grows naturally as the tree grows in the hands of an expert gardener. [1] A parasite in their saying, but man as a plant, grows (2). This is a preliminary stage for the primary stage that welcomes children with their physical, mental, linguistic, social, national and national aspects, and children learn the gradual transition. From the house to the kindergarten, and its origin is healthy for the characteristics of its growth, but the number of kindergartens in the city of Hilla and distribution during this stage reveals a reality does not correspond to the importance, and the lack of number of kindergartens and the number of children enrolled, The interest of the kindergarten stage is necessary in terms of efficiency and efficiency because it contributes effectively to the refinement and capacity building of the child, and helps the parents, especially the women who have links outside the home, to feel confident about progress and continuity The child's health and education development, as this stage is considered to support women and encourage them to work, so the Ministry of Education is concerned about its dissemination and gave priority to the centers of the provinces, especially the industrial communities, a stage that is not mandatory. The aim of the research is to emphasize that the efficiency of the distribution of kindergartens is one of the important stages of public education in the educational ladder, which requires a balanced distribution within the standards of the Directorate of Education of Babylon and the Urban Housing Standards for 2010.

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تلوث المياه الجوفية لبعض المناطق الواقعة بين جدول الكفل وشط الهندية

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Groundwater is the water that is located below the surface of the earth and forms all or some of the spaces of the derr in the rock formations which are originally rain water or river water or water resulting from the fusion of ice as it seeps into the ground and form a layer of groundwater and be on two types of water Close to the surface of the earth as in the study area and groundwater beyond the surface of the ground and groundwater despite some of the layers of the surface of the ground of the most important sources of fresh water liquid has received great attention from specialists in the field of environmental protection. The pollution of water damage and corruption of water qualityWhich leads to pollution and malfunction in its system, which reduces its ability to perform its natural role and makes it lose much of its economic value and cause many health and environmental damage when used. Water is contaminated by many human, plant, mineral, industrial or chemical waste, The study area as an agricultural area with fertile soil suitable for agriculture and animal husbandry. The groundwater is collected under the outer crust of the earth. These water resources are considered to be the main sources of water resources that it pays attention to preserve and prevent pollution from pollution. To use random groundwater to guide him in the wealth of Iraq, and in the study area where the water is close to the surface of the earth, and the inhabitants of these areas they use for household purposes and watering plants dissuading water scarcity through artesian wells (Albrainh). Ground wells have for decades been the most important sources of water away from pollution as a result of what they do The soil is from the filtration of water, but this belief is changing now, in many cases the wells are close to the surface of the earth and it increases the opportunity for biological or chemical pollution and this is what we observe in the study area because it is located between the Shatt Hindi and the table Kafl and is subject to flooding during the period of water increase The groundwater is very close to the surface of the earth not more than a few centimeters. Wells with a depth of 40-50 feet are less likely to be polluted because water passes through semi porous porous layers that filter and purify water from most Impurities . Groundwater is also polluted by waste and waste from factories, oil pipelines, mines and radioactive materials, as well as pollutants from agriculture due to the use of industrial fertilizers, pesticides and wild animal waste. This is what we saw in the study area during the field study because it is famous for breeding sheep, cows, buffalo and goats. Groundwater is difficult to get rid of this pollution, and any treatment of existing water bearing classes where pollution of groundwater causes the reduction of water use in different purposes, as well as damage to human life N animal and plant by causing various diseases


Article
السلوكيات الفاعلة في تنميط الشخصية العراقية

Authors: د. رباح مجيد الهيتي
Pages: 391-399
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It is difficult to study the Iraqi personality and to launch generalizations about it because it lives in a heterogeneous society of pluralistic nationalities, religions and sects, but we will try seriously to highlight the patterns that are familiar to most Iraqis and through the Iraqi experiences that will be mentioned specifically in the period «1979-2012», and this is not It is possible to say that until the cumulative history, what has been acquired by the personality of the pattern is also a descendant of historical events far away, and we have adopted a method contrary to the previous study of the Iraqi personality, it has We adopted Most of our definition of effective behavior and its impact on the characterization of Iraqi personality on recent field studies in an attempt to extrapolate the patterns of Iraqi personality, and what we want to reach is that the Iraqi personality is the result of the social interaction, and through this interaction the person is active and influential and affected in the events that pass by , And acquires and adjusts and changes his behavior in proportion to the social and cultural conditions in which he lives, and since these circumstances that generated these behaviors were mostly harsh and difficult, thus produced personal patterns suitable for them may be negative in some but a reality imposed, You we Antviadeon, often characterize behaviors that need to evaluate and criticize, and this feature may be prominent in our writings and our observations, this does not mean that the Iraqi personality devoid of personal patterns of positive, they are known for generosity and magnanimity and virility positive as patterns benign. In this study we tried to show the active behaviors in the characterization of the Iraqi personality, which contains the principles and knowledge of the intellectual move as Iraqis to get to the personality Almtmp according to the characteristics of intellectual and intellectual inherited and acquired our movement and controls our behaviors and actions to distinguish us from others. Thus, we can find a pattern for this personality stability of value and normative action, and the most basic patterns of Iraqi personality as we have reached, is that they are personal: 1. Durable. 2. Sultry. 3. Irritable. 4. Appearance. 5. Violent.

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فاعلية استراتيجية " فكر – زاوج – شارك " في تحصيل مادة الفيزياء وتنمية عمليات العلم لدى طالبات الصف الخامس العلمي

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The present study aims to measure The Validity of Teaching in Lyman Strategy "Think, Pair- Share" in Achievement Physics and Enhancing Science Processes upon Female Students of Fifth Preparatory. To achieve this goal, the following two zero hypotheses have been proposed: 1- There is no difference of statistical significance at the level (0.05) between the average of marks of the female students the experimental group who have been taught according "think-pair-share" strategy, and the students of the control group who have been taught according to the ordinary method in the achievement test. 2- There is no difference of statistical significance at the level (0.05) between the average differences of the female students the experimental group who have been taught according "think-pair-share" strategy, and average differences the students of control group who have been taught according to the ordinary method of of the pre-test and post-test science processes.The researcher has used the experimental design for a research community consisted of fifth scientific female students in preparatory and secondary schools belong to Al-Dwainiyah Directorate of Education for the year (2010-2011), The equivalence has been checked up by making the necessary equivalents which are represented by the temporal age, previous information, intelligence test, previous achievement, and pre-science processes test. The researcher has made research tools reflected by a statistical test consists of (50) items of multiple choice type, and after doing the necessary statistical analysis for the items, two items are excluded and hence the test is consisted of (48) items. The other tool is reflected by measurement of science processes which involves ten processes, and which includes (50) items of multiple choice type, after doing statistical analysis for the items, (10) items are dropped and hence the measurement involves (40) items in its final form. The results showed the experimental group than female students to female students in the control group achievement test, and the incidence of development of science processesand in favor of the experimental group. And this gave researchers a number of recommendations and proposals.

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مـدى استعمال التاريخ الشفوي بوصفه مدخلا من مداخل تدريس التاريخ من وجهة نظر أساتذة قسم التاريخ في جامعة القادسية

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This paper aims at This paper aims at knowing This paper aims at knowing research to identify the extent of the use of oral history as the gateway of the entrances to the teaching of oral history from the perspective of professors Altarih department at the University of Qadisiyah, and to achieve the goal of research, the researcher used scale oral history prepared by the researcher himself, annexation of the scale (80) paragraph, is divided into four areas It is: the terms of the novel: include (17) paragraph. Forms of the novel: include (16) paragraph. Terms narrator: it includes (33) paragraph. Terms of the historical novel oral Researcher: include (21) paragraph.Resolution reached stability coefficient (0,830) a high stability coefficient, and extracted by Aadalachtbar the author of a sample of 25 teaching and teaching them (6) Tdriciat and (19) teaching of history teachers.Dish researcher scale oral history on the author of a sample of 30 teaching and teaching of history teachers in the Department of History in the Faculty of Education, University of Qadisiyah in the second semester of the academic year 2007-2008.The researcher used (T - test), Pearson correlation coefficient, the percentage. Khqt research on the effectiveness of the use of oral history as an entry point of the entrances to the teaching of history when history teachers in their teaching of the curriculum historical, and that the results there is a convergence in the use of oral history at Masters history, according to scientific specialization (Islamic history - modern and contemporary history), was to interpret the results in light of what has been reached, the researcher presented several recommendations and proposals.


Article
أثر استراتيجية التساؤل الذاتي في تنمية الاستيعاب القرائي وإنتاج الأسئلة الذاتية عند طالبات الصف الخامس العلمي في مادة المطالعة

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Characterized previous education being the breeding indoctrination but today has varied orientations, they adopt a problem-solving way to the development of the mind, and the escalation of creativity, and has become its aspirations towards development, optimization, and no change since becoming education and a close relationship with creativity, and the exploitation of human energies. The modern education contributes to the creation of creative personality by linking the lessons of psychological life, social, and material for students, no longer aim to teach them a set of dry facts, asking them to save them, and the answer to the questions contained in the last year, with consistent education in terms of its content and objectives with the level of S mental students do not accelerate the demand growth feels students inferiority, and complexity, and do not neglect the growth opportunities hurting forever (Issawi, 2008, p. 37) .ucaram God man and the Almighty in advantage of other creatures, the Almighty said:  created man * his knowledge statement  *, and language play a significant role in the life of the nation because it is the pot of ideas and feelings, language is a mirror of the nation's thinking and a tool to express their mindset and its device to preserve the character and heritage inherent as well as its role in the upbringing of the individual beings socially capable of understanding and communication and express what in his mind ideas to deal With whom it surrounds, Thus unite with his people and enhanced them in honor of belonging to one nation. Language is an indispensable tool for the mind. It is a means of projecting thought from space into space. (Waeli, 2004, p. 18) The Arabic language is the cornerstone in the building of the Arab nation, it is the language that Anmazat among the languages ​​of the world with its long history caller, and its intellectual and literary, and civilization, which reached Old humanity with her. The life of Arabism in this language has been closely linked to all the roles of its history. Today, it is still a very young and developing life that was not only extended by time but by the ability to assimilate the cultures, assimilate the cultures, accept modern ideas and express them in a very precise and brilliant way. (Dulaimi and Dulaimi, 2004, pp. 17-18). The lessons of Arabic language materials that can feed the student values ​​and trends that the community wants,

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Article
اثر استراتيجية التساؤل الذاتي في التحصيل وتنمية الاتجاه لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة الكيمياء

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This research aims to know: 1. The effect of self-questioning strategy in achievement among students in the fourth grade science chemistry 0 2. Following a strategy of self-questioning in the direction towards chemistry with fourth grade students through the scientific validation of the following two hypotheses: 1- there is not a statistically significant difference between the average scores of the experimental group students who are studying chemistry strategy of self-questioning and the average score of the control group students who are studying the same material in the usual way in the achievement test. 2- there is not a statistically significant difference between the average scores of the experimental group students who are studying chemistry strategy of self-questioning and the average score of the control group students who are studying the same material in the usual way in the direction towards the scale chemistry. Researchers experimental approach has been followed in the present their research, because it is an appropriate approach to achieve the goal of research and Frdite, procedures and this prompted researchers to adopt one of the part-tuning experimental designs being appropriate to the circumstances of their research. Chose researchers junior high school and high school day for girls only in Babel province of (85) distributed over the center regions of school, opting researchers randomly (minor editing for girls) and has a three-pronged scientific fourth is (a, b, c) In the same way chosen to researchers two divisions, including a sample of their research, the same way chose Division (b) to be the experimental group and taught chemistry using self-questioning strategy, and have chosen Division (a) to be the other group (control group) and taught chemistry in the usual way, and the number of students of the two groups (53 students) by ( 26) a student at the Division (a) and (27) a student at the Division (b), and after excluding students Alraspat of their number (3) students, the number of final respondents (50 students), the rate of (25) students in the Division of (a) and (25) a student at the Division (b) . The Equal two sets of search in the chronological age of the students Mahspa months and the final grades for chemistry for the half year and the educational attainment of the parents have been identified scientific material to research topics fourth, fifth and sixth of chemistry third chapters fourth grade science the researchers numbers of the two tools of research and two achievement test was a version of the kind of choice multi been extracted validity and reliability to him and the instrument scale toward the other direction if the chemistry is formed of 34 items distributed among four dimensions.


Article
علاقة البيئة الصفية بالدافعية لدى طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط لمادة الجغرافية في مركز محافظة بابل

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The study aimed to learn classroom environment motivated relationship with second grade students Average / geographical material in Babel province and for that drafted the researcher Frdata research, as follows:Does not have a statistically significant difference at the level (0.05) between the mean scores for the sample as a whole, central premise of the scale classroom environment. Does not have a statistically significant difference at the level (0.05) between the mean scores for the sample as a whole, central premise of the scale of motivation.To achieve this study was conducted on a sample of (217) student middle school day in the center of the province of Babylon, and distributed them to two measures, one to measure classroom environment and the other to measure motivation.It was to make sure the tool sincerity and persistence statistical and educational ways appropriate, as the value of reliability coefficient for the degree of application according to Cronbach Alpha formula to measure classroom environmen(0.78), and a measure of motivation ((0.80)) The study found the following results Results resulted in general that there is a direct correlation is positive between the classroom environment and motivation, and this means that the classroom environment has a major role in the educational process and good environment create an atmosphere of competition and help students to focus and participation by their abilities as well as show excellence and innovation as well as bring out all that have the power and the potential to increase Dafiethn and detection capabilities.In light of the results of the study findings the researcher to a number of recommendations and suggestions


Article
اساليب التكوينات الخطية في الخط الديواني الجلي

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1. The aesthetic of the diwani line can be used in the various technical fields in the works of (design, design, amari, glass, carpet). 2. The research is important for the study of the Arabic calligraphy, especially the specialists in the diwani line. 3. Research can contribute to the addition of a cognitive aspect that strengthens scientific historical studies.

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SEMANTIC EXTENSION IN VERBS OF TOUCH IN ENGLISH AND ARABIC

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This paper deals with the semantic extensions of verbs of touch in English and Arabic. Verbs of touch, as one type of verbs of sensation, are extended metaphorically in a variety of ways that is different from one language to another. Culture is assumed to strongly influence the semantic extensions of verbs of sensation in general and those of touch in particular. This study comes out with a conclusion that this type of verbs are extended semantically to cover a variety of meanings in both languages, English and Arabic.

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A Model for Pragmatic Analysis of Dissociation

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Dissociation is an argumentative technique in which a unitary concept is split up into two non-equivalent concepts. Dissociation has also been studied from a rhetorical perspective, as well as from a pragma-dialectic perspective as a technique of strategicmanoeuvring. Although it has been studied linguistically, the focus in such studies is on its syntactic and semantic structures. Accordingly, this study intends to study dissociation pragmatically in five presidential political texts delivered by Barak Obama. This is done as an attempt to achieve the following aims: (1) identify the pragmatic structure of dissociation and (2) analyzing the rhetorical devices used in dissociation. To achieve the aims of this study, it is hypothesized that: (1) dissociation is composed of speech acts, presupposition, and implicatures and (2) persuasive appeals, repetition, metaphor, overstatement, and manipulation are all actualized in dissociation. The following procedurehas been followed: developing a model which is based on reviewing some pragmatic issues the researchers find to be relevant to the study of dissociation. The findings of the analysis verify the above mentioned hypotheses. Keywords: dissociation, ethos, rhetoric, manipulation

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Defamiliarization: Perception as an Aesthetic End:With Reference to John Donne

Authors: Dr.Sabah Wajid Ali
Pages: 562-576
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This study examines John Donne's style in relation to Victor Shklovsky's(1893-1984) notion of 'defamiliarization' and how this process of defamiliarization appropriately has a certain level of technical difficulty, and whether art, through this process, allows one to understand an objective. The approach to this study relies on selecting a classic and then reinterpreting it by a novel trend. The study will discuss some of the most representative of Donne's poems which manifest these stylistic maneuvers especially the conceit and other figures of speech that work as defamiliarizing agents. . Literary texts exhibit significant deviations from non-literary prose, both at the local level of phonemics and grammar, and at the global level of organization and structure. To examine these stylistic deviations and account for their psychological effects, defamiliarization is regarded as a phenomenon that is central to literary experience: it is the hallmark of literariness. Briefly, by defamiliarization one means a process during which a reader uses prototypic concepts in a context where their referents are rendered unfamiliar by various stylistic devices; the reader is required to reinterpret such referents in non-prototypic ways, or even to relocate them in a new perspective that must be created during reading.

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Article
Schema in "To Love and To Honor" A Discourse Analysis

Authors: Rusul Dawood Al-Nasrawi
Pages: 577-588
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A schema is a Cognitive Framework that helps to build and interpret information. Schema can be described as a useful tool because it allow as to take shortcuts in interpreting amount of information that is available in our environment. In most cases, Schemas Can occur automatically or with little effort , but sometimes Schema Can actually hinder the learning of new information . People may have certain believe , So , their existing Schemas may interpret things incorrectly

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Article
Female Protagonist in Jean Rhys's Voyage in the Dark: A Gender Analysis

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Gender analysis is a vital topic in the modern age since it deals with the major problems that women encounter and sheds light on aspects of discrimination and inequality between men and women. The disadvantaged position of women in society is now internationally recognized as a breach of human rights and an obstacle to development. It is also recognized that women’s subordination in society has been institutionalized through structures which organize human life in ways that marginalize women in important areas such as guidance, employment, policy-making, planning, and implementation. This happens in various settings – within families, in schools, and in commercial and political institutions. As a result, the content or priorities of such institutions reflect those of men, and in particular, of men from powerful and authoritative social groups. Furthermore, gender is not considered the only reason for inequity, rather than other reasons for social identity such as class, race, ethnicity, political and economic system, and religion. It is important to recognize that these sources may interact with gender and where appropriate they need to be included in any gender analysis, because they affect women’s and men’s lives in different ways. The British author, Jean Rhys (1890-1978), deals with these issues in all her writings, one of which is her novel Voyage in the Dark (1934). This paper aims at studying gender analysis as a main factor which affects Rhys's female protagonist's life.

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