Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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07811309967

Table of content: 2016 volume:2 issue:23

Article
Iraqi Preparatory School Learners Use of the Conversation

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Abstract

The study deals with the difficulties which is encountered preparatory schools learners in using conversation. Therefore, the study aims at measuring the students' ability in manipulating conversation. It is hypothesized that: Iraqi preparatory schools learners face difficulty in their conversation. A diagnostic test has been adapted and applied to a sample of (50) Iraqi preparatory schools learners to verify this hypothesis. Analyzing the data, the results expose that errors committed by the subjects certify the hypothesis.


Article
الموسيقى الحشوية في شعر الموشح (( الموشح العراقي انموذجاً))

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Abstract

In the name of God the Merciful and prayers and peace be upon His creature and his family and his companions granite Miami. After: After hopes to produce a lot of poets Iraqi Muashah found that Mohhathm was rich subtle music, in line with the theme of the poet who expressed, and they were created this music through the Provisions Almoshh of the permit and repetition and alliteration, where he was so coloring acoustic music in a poetic context an important role in hiding aesthetic in the poetic text, especially if we know that Muashah writes to sing on the ears of the people.


Article
دلالــة الـحروف عند ابن شهر آشوب ( ت 588هـ ) في كتابه متشابه القرآن والمختلف فيه

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The Linguists of Language and Grammars had offered a lot of concerns by the semantic of letters and its meaning, and they review its semantics values along with the various meaning that it will lead to when it be used inside the text. These letters were a controversial subject among the linguist of Basra and the linguist of Kuffa about empowerment or to neglect it, the linguist of Basra prevent this this empowerment but the Kuffian linguists approved it, thus the style of kuffian linguists considered to be less oppression . This variance infused on the schoolers like Ibn Shahar Asho, who adopt the Kuffian Style, he permits to use the letter for more than one meaning, when he explained the letter's meanings in the quotations that he deals with in his authoring " Similar Of Quran & varying " . This style is adopted by majority of late schoolers, whom they mentioned for the "B " more than thirteen meanings like formative ,adverbial, concomitance ,partition and other meanings, also the other letters and that what we had reviewed to in this research.


Article
التقييد بالمفعولات في كلام السيّـــــــــَدة الزهـــــــــــراء (ع) دراسة نحويَّة ــ دلاليَّة

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Abstract

The Mouncobac residue including Mufaullac of restrictions which earn wholesale elegance and beauty, the challenge of common and launch them, and try to find - which will address Mufaullac in the sentence - detection aesthetic presence in the words of Ms. Zahra (peace be upon her) and the purpose of that presence and tries to look also reveals the fact that this issue is one of the tools enrolled speaker creator practiced by stirring in the receiver, it is sometimes necessary presence in the text can not be counted from excess waste on the two pillars of the sentence, it can not be dispensed with. This Mufaullac in reality linguistic brought in to perform the functions of special language as a statement signed by the act, or confirmation by the actor already, or explain his or statement by the time of the occurrence of the act and the place it is to other functions.


Article
دلالة أفعال اليقين والرجحان عند النحويين

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Find resulted in several results we quote briefly: 1 - The use of the term ((OR)) for the actions of ((thought, as, allegedly, free, pilgrimage, HP, make, counting)) is more applicable and the significance of and appropriate to such acts of the term of suspicion and conjecture; because the term ((OR)) shows to overcome one of the guides in opposing Rjoha ordered and on the other, the uncertainty is equal to the guides and not likely one of them, and probably is one of the guides suggest, without excluding the possibility of the other. 2 - that each act of certainty and prevail indication genuine lexical and grammatical semantics and other extra marginal conferred context. 3 - is concerned with the actions of ((certainty and prevail)) without actions are the characteristics of revocation, suspension and passport and the fact that the actor effect of one sex and the inadmissibility delete one Mfouliha. 4 - that should infringe these acts to Mfolin; because the origin of that intervention on the Debutante and the news, and he must Debutante of the news, we are obliged to enter them that Antbba. 5 - that exclusive abstention on one Mufaolin, because the actor but wanted Palmfol second that shows what settled him from the case in effect the first of doubt and uncertainty, said first because he is a detective with him by the second and the correlation between them and the lack of both of them to the owner understanding tyro and news in origin. 6 - that which passed the implementation of these actions in Dmereyn united in sex, is that the actions of hearts do not need to differing between the actor and the object because the object is the content of the sentence. 7 - Irrevocability work that acts certainty and prevail if advanced or delayed, because these acts included, among a list of their own inter Debutante and the news. 8 - that the difference between cancellation and comment that the Working canceled for I do it once and not in word nor in the shop, either factor commentator he may work in the shop as the cause of positive comment and Mjos reason for the cancellation.


Article
تجليات المركز والهامش في القصيدة النسوية العراقية

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Praise be to Allah, peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad Syed senders, and The God of the good and virtuous, and his companions Almentajabin, and after: Cultural Studies pays due attention in the post-modern duality (center / Margin) to break the idea of dominant centers and interest groups downtrodden, which did not specify a certain direction, but reflected on all aspects of life, and therefore these bilateral As governed by the conflict, or the need of each party, including the the other, came feminist movements (emanating from the womb of cultural Studies) Women interested in the product and/ feminist, who put in place the margin for long stages of the life of critical studies, where it remained stationed around the discourse of male and produced texts Surpassing what you write women to express themselves or surrounded . The attempt to stand at ( center / Margin) at the thought of women's creative product taking directions several , but publicly in this section we have tried to be determined emotionally , and how it translated Iraqi feminist poem women's relationship with men, and of these bilateral angle, to get to what you see hub in the relationship with the other as opposed to what you see margin , came themes derived from the study needed before we get to the finale , which included the most important findings of the research, the list of sources and references .


Article
نزهة الأسرار في محاورة الليل والنهار

Authors: كاظم صافي حسين
Pages: 704-719
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Abstract

The investigator depends on a photocopied manuscript kept in Ameer Al – Mu'mineen , ( peace be upon him ), library in the Holy Najaf city, entitled: ( Nazht al – Asrar fi Muhawarat Al- leil we Al- Nahar ), by: Sheihk Alwan ibin Attiya Al- Hammawi ( deid in 936 H ) . It was photocopied by Shiekh Mamood Ibin Adbdulkadir Al – Shafi'l in 1012 H. The copy of the manuscript in good condition clearly written . It deals with Arabic rhetoric including a linguistic dialogue between the day and the night . It was written in a rhetorical style .


Article
الجدل السياسي في شعر الرصافي

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The research included “ The Argumentative in Al-Rusafi’s Poetry”, in 30 pages in which we knew the argument as a language item and as an expression. Then, we showed The Arab critics’ opinions about “the argument” in Arabic literature. Then, we turned to the definition of the argument and its space in the Holly Quran, passing to a tracing study to the “argument” word through the literary eras. Later, we discussed the argument concept according to the Greek philosophers as the founders of this concept, and our study was deep about their understanding. In the first chapter, we talked the kinds of the argumentative which Al-Rusafi used in his poetry and they were: The politics and the descriptive, the socials, the historical, the philosophical, the universals, the lamentation and the womenists. Our study included also a statistic study to measure the argument ratio in the poet’s. The second chapter depended on limitation the basis that was the reason of the emergence of the argument as a thinking and a literary style in Arabic literature, especially in Al-Rusafi’s. They were three bases: the first one is the refusal and the acceptance, the second is the negative and the positive, and the third is the tradition and the modernity, and the fourth is the stationary and the transformative. In the third chapter, we discussed the aesthetics of the argumentum text which we put in three sections: the first is the paradox, the second is the argument, and the third is the conversation. Then, the conclusion which concluded the research final results and they are the following: 1. Throughout the statistic study, we showed that Al-Rusafi is a political first – class political poet according to the political argumental ratio which is (31%). 2. Al-Rusafi, deliberately, used a mere argumental style in his speech. 3. The refusal to the political and the social circumstances particularly is a prominent feature in his speech. 4. The poet is affected by the Marxism which believes that the concrete objects are superior to the abstracts. 5. He used the direct conversation as a means to express the society issues through the characters’ speech and to give the hero a large space to express his bad condition. 6. The last chapter is the least of the other chapters in number because the poet is a thinker first and a poet second. So, I worked hard to count his aesthetics. And after the conclusion, I wrote a list of the resources and the references that I used in the research, and I closed the research with a summary in English praying to God that my humble effort will meet satisfying and acceptance. Finally, I say “Thank God”.


Article
تحليل الاتجاهات القطاعية للتنمية الصناعية في محافظة القادسية

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The Industrial development is one of the fundamental pillars for the advancement with reality of the Economic and Social of any country, that the study and analysis of sectoral trends depend on the choice of entering variables in the analysis, which will lead to achieve the goal which changes depending on the target itself, as the selection of certain variables for each objective based on justifications related to and derived from the goal of a geographical region. The province of Qadisiyah is one of those areas where industrial production kits available that can be used in the measurement of economic efficiency, social or economic activity or merge general goals together. It has been shown through the variables analyzed to the goal of economic efficiency in manufacturing the chemical, engineering, food and construction industries, came in the front. Those industries absorbed large numbers of unrealized workers to the goal of social competence and represented textile and construction and food industries, while the industries that help to stimulate economic activity was chemical and construction industries firstly, and food and engineering industries Secondly, while construction , chemical and textile industries in the foreground , then food and engineering industries in achieving the general objectives in the province.


Article
التحليل المكاني لحالات الانتحار في محافظة النجف

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The suicide aggressive behavior is not free him of any society and this heinous crime is closely linked to psychological and behavioral disorders has been the subject received wide attention of many specialists , but that concerned with this topic in Iraq studies are few Hence the aim of the research is to identify the concept of suicide and what factors help the emergence of this situation and geographical phenomenon in the province of Najaf to Mdh2005- 2015 .


Article
أثر مبدأ كارتر وقوات الانتشار السريع في تعزيز النفوذ الأمريكي بمنطقة الخليج العربي

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Speak of this study for Carter principle established by US president Jimmy Carter (1977 – 1980) , after the developments in the Middle East , especially the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and the Islamic revolution in Iran in the same year , as well as concerns on the Arabian Gulf region rich oil fields , so the idea of putting the mentioned principle , which led to the establishment of military bases in the Gulf region and the formation of rapid deployment forces to pre – empty any attempt that would threaten the sensitive region of the world, particularly since the oil Arabian Gulf is an important source of energy .


Article
أركو لوجيا فلسفة التاريخ بين المثالية والمادية

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In perceptions of history Alhegelah history is no longer a vague or unreasonable in reality. But it is a form of mind, higher than the form of analytical understanding. According to him, as cited by George Spine "The real is mental. The mental is real," but he went to more than that, in that all the epochs of both an integral part. And that its operations and events are interrelated. Although it has a prima facie logically different. However this. Hegel believed that the "historical necessity" stems from the fact that the effective date and reasons, not personal powers, but not the individual people or individual events. As Marx was proud of all the pride that he "took the logic of Hegel's dialectic, then (his heart upside down) but it was not meant to precisely this, and you are to find that the logic of controversy when Hegel starts thinking, then moves to the nature and ends with reason, and Marx did not reflect this situation. he pointed to the first binomial and only the second (of thought and nature), not the third, and inadvertently, but the logic of Hegel in the controversy began thinking Turning to nature, either dialectical logic has begun to nature and moved to thought. It was not Marx pole poles ignorance of philosophy, not a moment is supposed one that the primacy of thought on the nature in the eyes of Hegel, means that he might think the nature of the production of the mind. he knew that Hegel is no different with him to look at the mind that it is nature produce production. based on the original to the logic of the argument . He was aware of the thought that the word in the sense that he meant Hegel once defined as the science of logic thinking does not go off to the person who thinks, but go off the topic that riveted him thinking .


Article
الملك الأشرف الأيوبي (598 – 635هـ) دراسة تاريخية

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This thesis is a study of ( national role of Tikreet AL Ashraf ALAyub, In The Confrontation Of The Crusaders, The King mudhafar Alden al ashraf al ayubi was the most famous sultan of the ayubians . he ruled the greater parts of the Euphrates island and farts of bilad el-Cham the had a strong leading character and a political cunning and experience that made his preserve his kingdom in spite all the strong compromise and competitive nearby kingdoms and emirates like : salajieat al room and al zinki emirate , alkarg kingdom and all his brothers of al ayub kingdoms . Alashraf was so preservant to the continuation of his relationship with al abbasi caliphate in Baghdad . that he got the commendation of most old and modern analysts. He was known with his genoas : lay and bravery . he had a great part in the confrontation against the crusaders avidity of bilad el-cham and Egypt which is the place of the aybians kingdom .Alashraf gave a great efforts to help his two brothers al muaadham in bilad el-Cham and al kamil in Egypt defeat the crusaders in Dumyat battle 618 h/1221 ac . without his help ' the crusaders would have occupied Egypt and bilad el-cham and would exterminate the ayubian role . the research is divided in to : an introduction , five researches and a conclusion in which a present the results that a have made throughout the search . and there is a list to the main resources and bibliography


Article
التنصير الفرنسي في الجزائر 1830-1876

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This research examines the evangelizing the fresh in Algeria after the occupation and flaying of ottoman Empire between (1830-1876)Algeria notorious attack French racism ,carried out by missionary missionary led papal to spread Christianity among Algerians after each failed French attempts to use cruelty and oppression and settlement process Algeria in creasing European immigration the gadfly racism distribution fertile land dimensions setters and the dimensions of the people of the country eland of desert did not keep her missionary missionary they are able to erase personal Algerian and obliterate the Islamic religion land marks pthabibha to Christianity after it announced French authorities de moils hed morgues and convert manually churches and the announcement of the department of compulsory education in schools in and the removal of the Arabic langue to second place .


Article
دراسة مقارنة بين الطلبة المتفوقين والعاديين في مهارات حل المشكلات الفيزيائية وإنتاج الحلول لدى طلبة الصف الخامس العلمي

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The aim of This studying is comparing in differences between the students excelling and ordinary for ( males and females) in skills physics problems solving and production another true solutions for each problem for scientific fifth class students ,the research sample included (25) excelling students (males),(25) ordinary students (males), (25) excelling students (females) and (25) ordinary students (females) who are selected according to following third Variables (public achievement in the fourth class, public achievement in the first course in this year, the achievement in physics curriculum in the first Course in this year), the excelling students sample (males and, females) including the students who have got (higher than %85) in this previous Variables and the ordinary students sample (males, females) including the students who have got (higher than %70 and less than %85). The research including the (test solution of physical problems) Which consists of (6) physical problems form the chapter fifth (work ,power and energy) form physic of fifth class. The problems are selected to be solving in more than one method and the problem including (7) skills which apply during the solving (recall formulation the problem , act the problem in diagrammatic shape , the representation of the problem in schematic, specify the wanting the form Of symbolic , planning of the solving and write the relations of physics ,Implement of the solution and specify meaning physics for final result)With suggestion other methods to solve the problem. After the application of (test solution of physical problem) and by using t-test to know the significant differences between the students excelling and ordinary (males and females) in skills physics problems solving and the value (z) for percentages to know the significant differences between the ratios the excelling and ordinary students (males and females) In production more than true solving for each problem. The results showed finding differences have statistical significant between the students excelling and ordinary (males and females) in all skills physics problem for benefit the excelling students (males and females), As the results showed there is statistically significant and high in sixth skill (implement of the solution) comparing with the other Six skills for benefit the excelling students (males and females) . The results showed finding differences have statistical significant between the ratios the students excelling and ordinary (males and females) in production more than true solving for each problem for benefit the excelling students (males and females) . The researcher suggests many ideas in this subject.


Article
سلطات مكاتب المفتشيـن العمومييـن في التحري والتحقيق بالشكاوى والبلاغات

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Most of the procedural and private laws with the inspected systems state the complaints and communiqués as a source to receive the information about the administrative crimes and breaches in which the particular systems treats the administrative corruption as well as the specialized administrative systems should take special procedures to ensure correct and accurate information and then the administrative investigation will happen if there are crimes and violation or breaches.To shed the light on the importance of procedural investigations and to observe the income information through the ways of complaints and breaches to the general public inspectors office and to state the field that submits the complaints and breaches to state the faculty of these offices in exulting the administrative sanctions. This research has divided into two sections. The first one studies the concept of complaints and breaches it also subdivided into two parts: the first part is about the concept of complaints while the second part is about the breaches.The second section is about the investigation on the income information about complaints and breaches. It also subdivided into two parts: in the first one, the researcher focuses on the investigations in the income information about complaints and breaches while the second part focuses on the administrative investigation. The end of research includes more important of results and suggestions of the research.


Article
استخدام المعلمات للفيس بوك والاشباعات المتحققة دراسة مسحية على معلمات محافظة القادسية

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The use of Facebook and the achieved saturations by the women teachers communication media cites, like Facebook witnessed an increase attending by the different slices of the society, These media had a worldwide large spread, It was considered as of the most cites' visits in the world to the degree which so-called in Sociologyas ( the third place ) . In Iraq , communication media cites "Facebook" could take an increase interest and attend in participating and using especially after the events that witnessed in the final period, getting ISIS, and controlling a number of Iraq cities. From this, this study comes into being for the learning of the uses of Facebook net by primary women teachers in the centre of AL-Qadisyia Governorate . The study also needs to know the motives of these uses and the achiened saturations of them. This study is classed as analytical-descriptive researches. The two-researchers used the surveying procedure .The used audience of Facebook was studied . The form of the study composed of (12) question that circulated on the slice study of women researched . Thisstudy concluded that ( 62,5% ) of researched had private account on Facebook. Of the motives of being on contact with friends, entertainment, amusing, doing the spare time, increasing the knowledge, and the discovering on the recent international and local advances, All of these factors are the motives of the researched women of using Facebook. The news and religion pieces are preferred by the researched women in a great sense in a summation of ( 21% ) and ( 20% ) from the summation of the researched answers . This result because of the Iraqi nature in renewing such ceremonies , the precarious security situation, the participation of relatives , in the fighting fronts, and the wish in knowing the political and security advances in the country. The study also revealed that "the saturation social interaction" preceded upon the other saturations concerning the researched women , at a high mathematical range. Its amount (q,463 ) in a quadripartite scale , at their use Facebook. This proves the importance of this site in keeping the individuals on contact and interaction among them .

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