Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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Table of content: 2016 volume:3 issue:23

Article
خَرْقُ الإجماعِ النَّحْويِّ في الأسماءِ المنصوبةِ

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Abstract

Most of the researchers think that the grammarians consensus on certain grammatical matters haven’t been broken at all. This is why they state it in an absolute way in their grammatical discussions of particular issues as if their consensus is far away from being broken by one of the grammarians in the past as well as recently. So we have intended through this research to prove what is different from that belief taking Al – Asmaa Al – Mansouba an evidence to assert that.


Article
الاحتياط للمعنى بالحمل على المعنى في القرآن الكريم

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It is recognized that the word is not intended for itself, but its existence is inferred in different linguistic structures with intent to speaker, will and desire. And clear indication of the word meaning in the linguistic structures in agreeing to the rules of Arab speech, the speech was Khalvha clothed, Ktonat masculine and feminine reminder, portraying one meaning in the community, and the community in one to other. And if the disclosure of meaning and pay Ahtat confusion of meaning to carry on the speech word without meaning, without meaning or pronunciation. The load on the word originally in Arabic, being originally requires matching the meaning of the word, as evidenced by, and therefore are not properly load on the meaning impossible unless the load on the wording, particularly apparent in the Koran to keep the visible text of the Quran. Conditions reservists say the word meaning to carry on the meaning of Commons or may require particular if the load on the apparent generates word problem or confusion in meaning; in order to pay the confusion and install the meaning and clarified.


Article
الحجاج المؤسس لبنية الواقع في أدعية أصحاب الكساء (عليهم السلام)

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When the Belgian legal phase (Chaim Perlman) and his colleague (Albrecht Tiatika) new rhetoric, and the features known to argument as: the study of rhetorical techniques that allow stirring reminder or increase attaches thesis’s that displays in order to be accepted, and is determined by the speech argument his ability to guide the mind to acquiescence. He studied orbital techniques and dividing them into two categories: First: link techniques, and the second separation techniques, and the arguments foundation of the structure of reality - the subject of research - is one of the focal techniques that I use in the detection of speech argument, and use them in prayers clothing holders (peace be upon them) to detect reservoirs manifestations this technique in blessed, and we will explore three sections of the IT branches arguments foundation of the structure of reality, and we will discuss in the first section (the witness and example) and in the second section (example and role model anti), and in section III (proportionality and metaphor), and we will show the manifestations of those sections in prayers clothing owners (peace be upon them) and go on the most important differences that are reflected in the speech propaganda for it in natural and literary discourse.


Article
أَثرُ النَّيَّةِ فِي التَّوْجِيهِ النَّحَوْيِّ عِنْدَ العَرَبِ (الأَفْعَالُ أُنْمُوذَجَاً)

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When the language was being social, the most important elements of understanding and learning is the intention of the speaker and his purpose. This research exhibit the effect of intention on the shadow of the lingual studies as being describes as an important character of the grammatical thinking. Furthermore, it detects the extent of grammarians’ dependence on this item in the analysis of the lingual texts and their complexity. It shows that the intention of the speaker has a role in the grammatical interpretation that cannot be ignored or omitted. The problems of this research have arranged according to their priority in (the explanation of Al-Radhi on Al-Kifayah). This research is relied on the original old and up to date references, as well as on the books of the grammatical arguments. Eventually, the conclusion includes the most prominent results that came out by this research, than the list of references and revisions.


Article
الهوية الصوفية في روايات حميد الربيعي

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This research deals with the Sufi identity in the novels of the Iraqi novelist Hamed al- Rubaie . Especially in the novle ( taealaa waja malk) wrench focus of research here , of the manifestation of the spirit of Sufism and mystical love that characterized the identity ( malk al wajd) offset sensuality ( Salameh) dumped in the sensory and this makes it look (Salameh) according to (Ibn al- Arabi) to love it (of need) as opposed to (malk al wajd) which is classified as ( a desire) this with love and knowledge of the other , a rise towards absolute necking . We will also approach ( the flood ) By understanding the (Ibn Arab ) and ( Jacques Derrida ) and symbolism which it is mentioned in the novel ( ta,alaa waja, malk ) .We will show identity and mystical Sufi moral character ( Mr. Malk) in the novel ( Dahaliz lilmawtaa) . In the same mystical novel will appear ( Kufu,, ) Balanchad soaring , singing , ( Wjd ) . We draw upon in our analysis of the identity of each of the Sufi here ( Ibn al-Arabi , Schlegel , Nietzsche , Jacques Derrida ) . At the end of the research we have developed a brief epilogue the must important result , followed by a list of footnotes , and sources .


Article
اعتراضات ياسين العُليمي النَّحوية ت(1061هـ) في شرحه على ألفية ابن مالك ت(672هـ)

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Abstract

It is well known in practical lesson and general grammar lesson especially that the Scientist is different with the other in certain assets and branching, and Yassin al-Alimi, one of the Arab scholars who disagree reportedly objected to some grammarians arguing sometimes, as is well versed at me from the scientific tools We called study (objections Yassin al-Alimi (1061 AH ) in his commentary on Alfiya (672 AH).


Article
التقاطبات المكانية عند خيري الذهبي في رواية (لو لم يكن أسمها فاطمة)

Authors: فاطمة عيسى جاسم
Pages: 1037-1056
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Abstract

The nature of the study place based on the data provided by us to the text itself, a way to install and principles that form the basis of, which stand out and float evident on its surface while practicing it the readings repeated, only then we catch keys text appropriate to deal with it the best way to ensure that we detect Oguarh semantic to the maximum extent possible. (if not the name Fatima) Tqatabat binaries, characterized Pkthavtha semantic high, it never does not suggest it, but professes and hints and repeated use of the principle of synonymy in terms that refer to the concept of polarity, so that some form of a sort of duplication of each pole of these Altqatabat. Valehi not only corresponds to the Dead, but the Living Dead is a dead which corresponds to the neighborhoog.


Article
المظاهر الايكولوجية في القصة العراقية

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Abstract

Ecologie branch of anthropology is interested in studying the impact of the environment on human behavior, and Mathdth influences in changing behavior and culture, whether natural environment or social, as well as studying the correlation between the environment, culture and explain the difference between the different cultures of the peoples through a biodiversity perspective, also falls within the competence the study of the relations between the members of each group and among the various groups and focus on the customs and traditions in controlling human behavior. The focus of interest in the search for the adaptation of the individual with his environment and the study of the results of friction with it and its effect on his behavior Alajtmai.oturkz light on racist place and leave it to a monument of culture and behavior on Alansan.valbaih a significant impact on human behavior and culture, and we know it as the place where the organism lives, a of the most important areas of study anthropology, and are also important in the narratives, including the story. The place element of the artistic construction of the story and the container in which the spin of events and moving the figures to illustrate the change that Atra people elements, it is an element Gaiaa freestanding essential party of fiction work, the map that drives the characters and determine the course and affect, and storyteller passes that map to the reality of the recipient , The place gives a literary work privacy and prestige, whether realistic Omtejel. But the real interest is Mainsb by anthropologist has been demonstrated in the Iraqi stories, through description and picture transmission purposes of the author, and his ideas for the Iraqi environment and Matrkih the impact on the individual Iraqi behavior.


Article
أدب التخاطب مبادؤه وقواعده واستراتيجياته

Authors: هاتف بريهي شياع
Pages: 1075-1115
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Abstract

Conversational humanitarian recipe inherent in the human race inescapable, the mountain of God Almighty worship him, to continue its rights with other children of sex, if not human interlocutor, the time goes back to the same constituents through internal Mnloj, to feel at this from the desolation of silence, Weird and spirit, and to break the rhythm of sleep boring, and lazy pronunciation, Eelam silence. Through conversational built bridges of communication and contact between human beings, and life thrive, grow and prosper, and continue civilizations and Taataref, and Taatlaqah minds and ideas and science, literature and philosophies and knowledge ... So it had the subject of communication with great interest of many researchers and scholars of ancient and modern Westerners, Arabs and Muslims, because of its great importance in linguistic research and deliberative and rhetorical and fundamentalist being a fertile topic provide them Bmaan to Aanill indications, provides important new additions in all areas. This came from this research under the title ((Literature conversational / principles, rules and strategies)). And enrolled the four sections after the introduction: * Section I: The speakers in the literature conversational / principles and rules, and suggested the researcher added two principles of communication, namely: the principle of rehabilitation and the principle of interrogation. * The second topic: singled out the factors affecting the Altakatabah process. * The third topic: Speaking at the Quranic discourse and conversational. * The fourth topic: the display was conversational strategies (strategic solidarity, guiding strategy, persuasion strategy, strategic associative). Then the finale, which included the most important results and Praise be to Allah.


Article
( أنْمَاطُ الجُمْلَةِ الخَبَريَّةِ الاسْميّةِ في كلامِ الإِمامِ البَاقِرِ ) ( عليه السلام ) دِرَاسَةٌ نَحوِيَّةٌ

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Praise be to Allah, Who taught by the pen, and I will bring the chosen conciseness of speech, and peace and blessings on the injustice of the Pacific, and his family Almentajabin with virtue and generosity. After; the Imam Baqir (peace be upon him 114 t e) of the household if Bzu spoken eloquence, and they speak princes Barvouna where they please. Commander of the Faithful Ali also said (peace be upon him): ((I am the princes of speech, Vienna Tencpt his veins, and we Tahedlt Gsouna))(1) , and although their words in the era of protest language, but it might introduce him, and the maximum as far Osahaabh, for reasons different, is not competent to Find listed and discussed, but to us it is not surprising or new invention of Imam Cowboys science oxen to be his yard linguistic studies Optional on the side of his words, which regards the expression or sermons and prayers and others have signed, so I saw that took the prose text broad, and that significant to protest and martyrdom grammar act I offer service holy Arabic language, and adopted the principle of selection of sayings of Imam Baqir (peace be upon him ) from the book Musnad of Imam Baqir (peace be upon him) who collected and rank Sheikh Azizullah Atari, what Distinction This book of collecting reliable novels and you bond when Shiites headlights, an increase that the author is one of the investigators contemporary and has investigated many books I mentioned in part the last of his book. The wholesale nominal patterns of news came in the words of Imam (peace be upon him broken down by plentiful in the words of Imam. The conclusion, they deposited the most important thing led to him of the results of this study, The list of sources.


Article
مضامين الحوار ومقصدياته في رواية الشراع والعاصفة

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Dialogue is one of the pillars of the novel، and highlight the human skills that stick to the social aspect of the composition of human experience and try to overcome the mystery and touch the depth of knowledge، which lies behind phenomena that drive the interlocutors to delve into it، Vtoled ideas and stimulate the mind and get rid of the negative thoughts are a way of interaction، whetherwith the macroscopic material or system macroscopic moving humanity. Here lies the importance of the dialogue that we are trying to follow the Mudaraba، which has become the intellectual foundations of our study in dealing with the text of the novel، the study revealed that the novel and the storm sail split A - political content: described as an important focus of the political axis of human existence. B - social content: a social content solutions focused events focus fiction، especially the novel is a novel advance unlike the social reality. C - the scientific content: in particular that the events in which the novel was spin represents a convergence with the entry of scientific inventions to the Arab world، which have a presence in the form Alrwaya Conclusion: Language dialog form of communication between the characters on the one hand، and between the reader on the other hand، it reflects the personal attributes of each of the characters and the level of consciousness of cultural and social development.


Article
دلالة الاسماء في الرواية العربية(شجرة الفهود لسميحة خريس مثالاً)

Authors: سوسن البياتي
Pages: 1149-1163
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Come (Panthers tree) to open up to the transformations of Jordanian society to be personal Fahd Al-Rasheed orphan ambitionsIs finite and dreams vast and his will solid in the atmosphere of the wilderness, where the plateau Bomdaiha vast platform for these transitions, this character that does not satisfy the insult those who are older than him at the time when Fahd boy nascent, Eetmaa not brothers to him, Wagah and Aazzoh it is based in his next and there were only a unique rock solid mother, strong-willed, which supplied her only son with love vast Kalhillh that stop then Fahd day to be Hillth, she was able to stand with her son and forge together a world other than the one lived Fahd, has learned from that moment that stop the front men of the tribe who deliberately insulting silent film to life Come (Panthers tree) to open up to the transformations of Jordanian society to be personal Fahd Al-Rasheed orphan ambitions Is finite and dreams vast and his will solid in the atmosphere of the wilderness, where the plateau Bomdaiha vast platform for these transitions, this character that does not satisfy the insult those who are older than him at the time when Fahd boy nascent, Eetmaa not brothers to him, Wagah and Aazzoh it is based in his next and there were only a unique rock solid mother, strong-willed, which supplied her only son with love vast Kalhillh that stop then Fahd day to be Hillth, she was able to stand with her son and forge together a world other than the one lived Fahd, has learned from that moment that stop the front men of the tribe who deliberately insulting silent film to life Stronger , it was for him to be strong , bringing to his own free will to Aigv one in front of him , learning to love and ambition and dreams and the first fired in his secret desire to achieve a dream and make it a reality experienced by he and his children and grandchildren later. This vast amount of personalities from the generation of the father / grandfather and the end of a generation of children and grandchildren with women and harem Panthers House summoned a distinction between them and each one of them have a name , and has been associated with this name when each one of them also in terms of the event was associated with him closely . Stronger , it was for him to be strong , bringing to his own free will to Aigv one in front of him , learning to love and ambition and dreams and the first fired in his secret desire to achieve a dream and make it a reality experienced by he and his children and grandchildren later. This vast amount of personalities from the generation of the father / grandfather and the end of a generation of children and grandchildren with women and harem Panthers House summoned a distinction between them and each one of them have a name , and has been associated with this name when each one of them also in terms of the event was associated with him closely .


Article
التعالق الاستعاري في الخطاب الشعري عند قاسم حداد (طرفة بن الوردة انموذجاً)

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The poetic discourse when Qassim Haddad live the thrill of chaos, like that practiced mercurial movement can not catch his meanings easily, where shock us difficulties open functions on the possible and the unknown, as well as a page, and the white, the eye and the game, and other structural elements of the speech, the text does not begin to end it ends to start, those are Qassim Haddad's strategy in writing, and what we are still in the process of writing the premise of the board poet is characterized by re writing special feature constructivism, the uniqueness of the Qassim Haddad, which shows the process of text and continuous formations, so we decided to have the analysis stems from the text authority not of the standard authority, it is an act of free speech in a building housing a self-writer existence tested in discourse and discourse. From here I tried in this research to highlight the correlation metaphoric possibilities as one in the detection of poetic discourse. The metaphor that we intend to approach here is not a linguistic phenomenon resulting from the process of replacing, or reverse a literal meaning to the metaphorical meaning, it is a cognitive process latent in the mind of our systems established pictorial and control our experience of life. From here approached in this research how to build a woodcutter allegorically in the book (Torah Ben Rose) to Qassim Haddad, through a set of metaphors, namely: a metaphor impact, identification, creation, love and pleasure, the camel, the story of Joseph. This study has adopted a systematic, writing poetry concepts in the open light. This poetic betting on Allamnfsal in the language and in the poem, it is also betting on the construction of a poetic discourse flying from the concept of discourse when Bnfnest, who was also a Bnfnest- our starting-point in the study of poetic discourse


Article
أحمد مطر بين الهمّ الجمعي والوعي الكتابي - قصيدة (مفقودات) أنموذجاً

Authors: إدريس طارق حسين
Pages: 1179-1190
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researcher tries through these papers monitor stylistic features and follow-up and down to catch the aesthetic Profiles that fueled the kinetics of poetic expression, and imposed a it's umbra over an area of awareness-mediated activation of mental mobility of the recipient. Declares Ahmed Matar, which came poem for the emancipation of the same and his refusal to undergo Assar stressed that emancipation through the behavior of the sensor for their collective and so by creating a balance between clarity and depth of the signal words useful technique of self-written and awareness to grasp the snapshot induced. The mechanism adopted in the disclosure of an entity text (idea and production), but refers to the nature of the product thinking the (good writing is good thinking) This is revealed by the discourse structure and confirmed by cultural elegance which resulted in a number of textual relations inspired by reality and revealed an aesthetic manner and viscerally


Article
لتباين المكاني للخدمات التعليمية في ريف محافظة بابل

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It represents education services and one of the most important pillars of the basic economic and social development of any society, it is important necessities in the development of society because it supports all economic activities required for preparing the terms of reference different disciplines .onzera to the satisfaction of the researchers of the importance of this issue in light of the circumstances and the challenges facing the education sector in Iraq in general, and the study area in particular, Emphasizing the them that education plays an important role in human development and societal progress has been a major reason behind the choice of this topic for research and study. the study found that there is a clear disparity in educational services in the study area both in terms of distribution at the level of administrative units believe in terms of the level efficiency through reliance on certain quantitative indicators and descriptive (such as pupil / school, pupil / teacher, pupil / division, easy access) as the study area suffers from a clear shortfall in educational services starting from kindergarten and even secondary education, as well as problems related to lack of buildings and specialized cadres and the phenomenon of school taxation as well as the feet of buildings and lack of health and engineering conditions which will reflect negatively on the education outcomes.


Article
التحليل المورفومتري لاثنين من أحواض وديان منطقة الحجارة

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The study aims to shed light on the stages of the geomorphological evolution of the basins and valleys of stones area through morphometric study of the origin and upbringing properties and characterization of formal and cadastral and topographic and the dimensions of the docks and the characteristics of the water network Morfumtrella using geographic information systems. Depending on the digital elevations maps (Dem) satellite (IRS) and topographic maps with the scale (one hundred thousandth) and scale (1/250000) to determine valleys basins that fall within the study area, as well as the use of software (Arc Gis 9. 3) having been focus on the biggest basins in the region of the pelvis No. study (6) Valley, according to the pelvis number (10) which includes a series of valleys, the most important (Wadi Abu Sadir, Alsjr, Hoatin, Abu Talh, skills). Where is characterized by the study area the presence of geological formations dating back to Tertiary and of configurations (or Ordmh, Dammam, Venus, gel) as well as the Quaternary sediments where he holds a very small area of the study area. Most morphometric characteristics also features a study area basins similarity of the results is due to the similarity of climatic, environmental and geological conditions and terrain.


Article
الموقف الإسرائيلي من الحرب الاهلية اللبنانية (1975-1983).

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The research aims to highlight Israel's position on the Lebanese civil war (1975-1983), which was characterized by opportunism and gradual achievement of political and military Israeli gains on the Lebanese arena divided in religious differences, the Israel realized that civil war, an opportunity that should be exploited well to devote its sovereignty over its territory Palestinian, as well as laying the military and political its arms in Lebanon, and the application of those gains had to work accurately and warned with some radical Christian forces, it arose relations with the Christian forces, which in turn helped in the invasion of Israeli forces to the South in 1978, and Israel and solidified their relationship to larger of the invade another larger and larger in 1982, and the occupation of the capital, Beirut, and the uprooting of Palestinians of them, and the events of the massacres ugly of Palestinians in Beirut, was handcuffed hand in Lebanon in the agreement known as the Convention on the May 17, 1983, which in turn has recognized the Israeli state formatted directly, dedicated sovereignty over the Palestinian territories and gave impetus Israeli politician in Lebanon.


Article
النظرية الأخلاقية في فلسفة القديس توما الاكويني

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It is only necessary to read Saint Thomas, so we know that he is talking about the vision of the essence of divine if we like precision in expression, on the other hand, it is only necessary, to read St. Thomas even know that he was fully aware that there is no essence of the creature can natural faculties to reach God's vision of what it is. And that to achieve this vision is required to have a higher level of nature hike. So why all the natural desire, Did not St. Thomas explicitly that as long as it is impossible for the natural desire to be in vain inane and as long as it will be as well as what was not possible to get to know the divine essence, which you want in all minds naturally it necessary tossed that it is possible for the mind to see the divine essence, even though that this vision cannot be attained in this life? If there was really a natural desire to see God, not to be subjected to character spontaneous euphoria which are superior to the normal risk, and can be first and foremost the signal back to Saint Thomas decide explicitly that man cannot be up to the vision of God.


Article
امانويل كانت حيـاته وفلسفته فــي التاريخ

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The longer the life of bus stations which questioned then stop scientific especially, school and life, which was distinct and proportions suggest predicts a promising future for the thinker charted his way in the course of history and philosophy. The first was the philosophy of history great attention and make them take their space appropriate to them, by finding Aloajh between philosophy and history, seeking to bring together the vision and curriculum. And that was the philosophy of history, despite the excellence and uniqueness of the historical ideal format, but it did not stray too far from the philosophy of his time based on idealist philosophy popular in Germany at that time specifically. Velsv emerged was a general in the history of philosophy, and especially monetary approach, which requires a note close and attentive comprehensive and fully informed can recognize the mysterious and be alert to the danger. It has been made of the human central to the philosophy of history, because it stressed that freedom does not mastered its meaning only human, and man is the object that has the identity (memory), which is the subject of the alleyway historical facts. Because the historical knowledge of the essence of the philosophical work, he went to the very promise of the human race, which aims to build a history and civilization.


Article
العسل عند العرب دراسة تاريخية تحليلية لبعض اثاره الاقتصادية والصحية

Authors: رزاق حسين عبد معين
Pages: 1337-1365
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The honey alimentary and pharmacy material is the best .The Arabs were invested in a lot of fields, for example; in the medicine where they were used in therapy from several diseases , and manufactured from it several antidotes, mixed and separated . They have earned back money ,because they traded it, as made manufacturing of honey , more industries.


Article
توقعات الكفاءة الذاتية للمرشدين والمرشدات في محافظة الديوانية

Authors: فردوس خضير عباس
Pages: 1366-1386
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The researcher studied the counselors in the schools of the province of Diwaniyah entitled (expectations of self-efficacy of the S/he guides in the province of Diwaniyah) because of its great importance in the schools and the community because they are in dire need of this service as it leads to the understanding of human and humanitarian nature abroad understanding and help them become more capable on themselves and their environment and the problems they face, and for community service and resolve student problems and process them for the purpose of compatibility and stability and overcome the difficulties in school, family and economic serpents. The research aims to identify the expectations of self-efficacy with the counselors in the province of Diwaniyah and learn when there are specialist indication of dilterences of statistical signify differences on the level of self-efficacy the counselors. According to the variables of type and length of service research sample was represented by all the guides and mentors in the province of Diwaniyah totaling (210) mentors and guides, (126) he, (84)she Guides. The researcher adopted a measure (Laftah 2008) after doing technical procedures to be appropriate. of the sample, which consists of (21) items in the three alternatives which are (always, sometimes never). The researcher used appropriate statistical methods which are Smirnov to extract the virtual honesty, test Al taia for one sample to test difference denotation between males and females, and testing Al taia for two independent samples to learn about the significance of discriminatory power of scale paragraphs, and analysis of variance due to detect significance difference in expectations of self-efficacy depending on the variable type and length of service, and the Pearson correlation coefficient for the extraction of consistency, and value Shefah to signify the least significantly difference between computational circles of the variable of service of self-efficacy expectations degrees . the search results for the first aim of the research sample that the she counselors have high expectations.As for the second aim the researcher believes that the assigned male and female social role supports the confrontation and challenge of the male rather than properties e of the social role of female The reseracher gave some the recommendations and proposals

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