Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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07811309967

Table of content: 2017 volume:2 issue:24

Article
A PRAGMATIC STUDY OF RACIST OPPRESSIVE SPEECH IN DU BOIS, THE QUEST OF THE SILVER FLEECE.

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Abstract

Language is a means of communication where speech can be used to show good feelings or present good image of a certain individual or group to influence others. However, language can do the reverse. That is to say, it can be used to harm its target based on his or her disability, religion and race (Godawa‏, 2002: 84). Racist oppressive speech (ROS) is one of the ways of language use that harm its target. It is defined by Ramsey (2013: 79) as a class of speech that denotes inferiority which subordinates, dehumanizes, demeans, or inferiorizes a person based on the person's membership in a marked minority group. Such a speech is used for different functions according to the speaker's intention in accordance with the context of situation. African American novelists try to picturize this situation where African Americans receive or been talked about using such speech that oppresses to reflect their lives. As such, the speeches of Du Bois's novel, the Quest of the Silver Fleece, are analyzed in terms of Speech Act Theory, Linguistic Reinforcing Strategies, and the Pragmatic Function behind each ROS.


Article
The Poetics of Multiculturalism in Edward Kamau Brathwaite's Poetry: A Study of Selected Poems

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Abstract

All of mankind has a history that dwells within the space of their consciousness and within the blood of their veins. Such a history is cherished within the aspects of the culture he is raised up to behold and pass on to the upcoming generations by performing certain rituals and traditions. However, some external cultural interferences may take place, causing a gradual loss of some or all aspects of the interfered culture. The most destructive among such interferences, is perhaps that of a systemized colonization. It may cause for changes in cultural habits and traditions like style, religious performances and even language. Such issues are read within the context of multiculturalism.1 The ancient African world and its many cultures have been home to such cultural interferences. Slave trades organized by colonial countries have taken away millions of African people. They were shipped to different cultural worlds and have suffered the loss of many of their own cultural aspects. The 'New World' has been subject to where Africans have witnessed such cultural problems. 2 Poets like the Caribbean Edward Kamau Brathwaite (1930-) have signed it their duty to retrieve lost cultural aspects, such as the loss of their ancestral history and their cultural identity and seeks therefore for an overall recognition of the ancient African culture within the means of the Caribbean identity. It is his attempt to deculturalize the aspects of the superior culture, in this case the British culture, in the Caribbean nation in order for the African culture to rise. These shall be conducted in Brathwaite's trilogy Ancestors (2001).3 Key Words: Multiculturalism, Tidalectics, Sycorax Video Style, Nation Language, Skeletone, Nyam, Sunsum.


Article
الرَّوابطُ الحِجاجِيَّةُ فِي الخُطْبَةِ الفَدَكِيَّةِ للسَّيِّدَةِ الزَّهْرَاءِ (عَلَيْهَا السَّلامُ)

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Abstract

The pilgrims linked rhetoric persuasive, and studies concerned with analyzing the speech, which enters in the field of research that seeks to discover the logic of language and logic of that speech .. seeking to discover the internal rules for him, and controlling the sequence of words and sentences and followed up by a growing and progressive.Even Ngenh in the search to the way distant objective for ideological reference inhabiting the same researcher; so this reference is not a tyrant is marginalizes linguistic and rhetorical facts resulting in the thought of Mrs. Zahra (peace be upon her.Research was based on two sections, the first of them: the link conflict and affection, and the second topic of Rabotta consistency and reasoning, after the mix of the four links in the converging between them.


Article
أبواب الفعل الثلاثي في التعبير القرآنيّ بين الشذوذ الصرفيّ والضابط الدلاليّ

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Abstract

This thesis study the coupling semantic side in search morphological doors did triple the abstract movements of the eye act that directs sign the act and determined by the door without the other, Valdmh in the eye of the verb's past, Mdharaa a sign along the significance temporally and coverage spatially as well as can be determined, Title III actions. As well as Vibrio past and present tense appointed together spatially demonstrate the significance of the acts on the topic about it, thus Inmaz Part V as indicated by the natures and congenital qualities.The competence of each other without the door in terms of a factor in this category as well as stated that the Title IV shall have the indicated is full or empty, etc., or as indicated by the color or defect or trinket or old members. So keep the subject in the characteristics of the doors open to determine the semantic based on the extrapolation of use and the Quranic eloquent speech and language brought him Almagamat.


Article
تداعيات المكان في روايات إنعام كجه جي/ المكان الأليف المفهوم و الأنموذج

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Abstract

A place is considered as a key element which connects directly with human life and has a great effect on human feelings, moods, strains and habits. The place has a great influence on the novelist because it has good and bad memories. So the importance of the past events including characters and events cannot be shown unless there is a specific place for them. And the friendly place came in the novels to reveal the most beautiful lost self humanity of love and harmony, and harmony at a time when humanitarian aggravated forms of hostility.


Article
النقد الثقافي – قراءة تعاقبية في مقارباته التأسيسية

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Cultural Criticism – A Sequential Study in its establishing Approaches The openness feature, and looking at harmony as a highly realized in the pairing of discrepancies and other features that characterized the era of postmodern thinking, led to the need to see the text as a highly textual document which gets its highness not on the basis of formal or aesthetic considerations as if these foundations no matter how seemingly integrated, but in fact, its extrapolation is determined in aesthetic monitoring - for example – searching the mechanisms of effect and responsiveness and meaning production. One of the results is the manifestation of the signs of cultural criticism, the fact that the culture had to form a human thought and give it its pattern, as well as the need for human society to exchange it logically and brilliantly. This has led to the emergence of the term "cultural criticism", a branch of the general textual criticism, which deals with the criticism of structures implicit in the text in all its manifestations, patterns and formula, in order to produce a cultural study revealing the (unspoken) in the text of not as an aesthetic value, or just a group of formal structures, but to consider it as a cultural value that is pregnant with cultural norms of social and cognitive formulas or cultural ones in general. The study aims at: - Monitoring Cultural criticism as a critical practice tended to study creative texts, particularly texts that characterized as neglected texts in the eyes of officialdom, some opposition texts, popular literature, and feminist literature, and so on

Keywords


Article
أُسس نقد الأَوجه النحوية في شروح الصحيفة السجادية

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Abstract

This research deals with studying the foundations which from the explainers of the holy Al-sahifa al-sajjadiyya started in judging on the grammatical directives whether to accept or reject, or in comparing among the extrapolated grammatical aspects in order to show the standard the which they made use of in their criticism. According to my following the grammatical directives which had been under the explainer's criticism , it seemed to me that they exploited many presumptions , the most important of which is the meaning . I saw that the explainers highly depended on this presumption in judging on the grammatical directive. Also they depended on the grammatical formulation. I tried to show the explainers' references in this formulation by my careful following for their critical opinions. The linguistic context had the greatest part from the foundations they relied on in they relied on in their criticising the grammatical directive especially compositional consistency .the explainers made use of this linguistic context as a presumption to show the accurate aspect. Taking the consistence in the context paragraphs into account makes the composition fluent that the context of the Imam (peace be upon him) is compositionally fluent .they also depended highly on the linguistic flair and used to know the right aspect, and this seemed clear in their expression. I tried in this research to show the extent of validity of what had been used as an evidence in criticising the grammatical presumption and to show the difference among the explainers in criticising the grammatical presumption


Article
مستويات التلقي في ( راقص النوبان البصري ) دراسة في سيمياء التواصل

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Abstract

In order to detect signs of literature as a built codon refers to the perceptions of the reader in dealing with art. Find begged By semiotics communicate in attempting to detect the premises text (dancer albasri Alnuban) and creative mastery in order to reach an informed understanding of the reality of beauty in it. The research sought to be addressed by him ingrained in the consciousness of the Hidden text or targeted structures through kinetic collapse in the Allgäu fabric of the text, that text as well as an attempt to Mhemenat thresholds framed text analysis, and the analysis of narrative movement framed system movement dynamics influencing the body of the text. The research revealed hoarding this text task of semiotic phenomena in structure and transformations Alsardh unique successive even Pat atomic representation between codes author (poet) omniscient, personal data of the distinguishing marks. And the ability to realize what Taha Yassin Hafez creative so important that we can now be Natr read this done within the capillary after the developing maturity and continued growth in the interactive to the extent that can be described as continuous Balabdai.


Article
الآراء النقدية لبدر شاكر السياب

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We have learned from the tragedy of his life and the masterpieces of his poetry and his prose heritage, and what we learned most from Badr and his wonderful poetry. If Badr Shaker Al-Sayab is known as a milestone in the movement of contemporary Arabic poetry, with his achievements of pioneering and additions, he enriched his poetic work with creativity, innovation and life for a long period of time. He has a rich heritage of fertility and wealth which makes him worthy of pride. The ideas, perceptions and concepts about the poetic reality and the importance of these ideas, perceptions and concepts in relation to the problems related to his creative achievements, especially the poetic and literary reality in general, and his position on various artistic and intellectual issues that contribute to the crystallization of many aspects, ). And I have to show my division of this work: In the beginning I have prepared for this research Babars cultural sources, which derived from Sayab his art, and then dealt in the first topic: the concept of renewal at Sayab. In the second section: the function of poetry. And the third topic: the myth and the symbol in Ray Sayab, and the fourth topic: some views of Sayab in poetry and poets, and I hope that this work is admired.


Article
تجاذب المعنى والصناعة النحوية في القرآن الكريم

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Abstract

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon Abu al-Qasim Muhammad al-Ameen, and on his family of good and good companions, and his companions, and those who followed them in charity to the Day of Judgment. either: The Koran was and still is and will continue to be fruitful for many linguistic and grammatical studies, as well as being the source of the first legislation, and found in the writings of the expression of the Koran and its interpretation and meanings often fall between the meaning and industry grammatical, one may impose something rejected by the other, And the grammar industry in the Holy Quran), has been abundant resources in the work of scientists old and modern was called for the disclosure of the position of scientists within the context in which the responses and different opinions of scientists and opinions. The study has shown that the impact of the meaning of the meaning and the grammatical industry in the interpretation of the Quranic verses is based on the meanings of grammar in the interpretation of many of the Quranic verses. The Arab learner is not aware of the close relationship and the close connection between meaning and expression. The first section examined the meaning of the grammatical and grammatical industries in the sentence. The second topic dealt with the attraction of meaning and grammatical industry in the semi-sentence, and after the completion of the two subjects The research concluded with a conclusion that included the most important findings of the researcher, hoping that in my subject this is some novelty or that I have shed light on a subject that did not shed sufficient light, and he prayed to the Almighty Almighty to pay our steps and avoid the slippage in saying and working.


Article
مصر وسد النهضة الأثيوبي

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Nile is considered at the forefront of collapsed Arab world that suffer from significant problems and crises nations of the basin is still vulnerable to periodic drought, which attacks the African continent, and starts the long Nile River trip that convergence of the (6825) km the longest river in the world where originates from the area between Lake Tanganyika and Victoria and this river passes within the regions climate and various natural makes him in some fast times, runoff and sometimes make it slow runoff masterpiece marshes and aquatic plants populous Egypt more than a steady increase make it necessary to hold the optimum planning for the utilization of available water resources for the development of agricultural resources and this requires improved irrigation efficiency and all delivery sewage main and provide good drainage land and take care of farm operations, such as the selection of improved seeds as well as good craft, fertilization and adequate means of modern irrigation, which depends on water rationing and lack of financial Aldhaeat and use of all scientific methods in this order to optimize the use of water knowing that the Nile has always been is the origin and the basis of life in Egypt is no doubt that Egypt's relations with the Nile River reflect quite distinctive characteristics of this river, which is almost unique to all other international rivers other therefore, the River Nile control complete control over the economy and the waters of Egypt from him the group of countries located in the pelvis in addition to the the state first beneficiary of this river is also Egypt, which does not have on its territory of any of its sources necessitated them to be always on, especially with the rest of the other countries where these sources, which passes by the river long distances before there that enters the Egyptian border relationship and this requires the upstream countries to agree with Egypt when the establishment of any project to store water in its territory or create dams where necessitating that take into account the rights of Egypt acquired in the waters of the Nile throughout history without causing them damage in the water contained inside across the Nile River in Egypt as recognized by international law and agreements signed between upstream and downstream countries and particularly with Ethiopia, which has established dam Renaissance Ethiopian without taking the approval of Egypt and negotiate with them about the amount of water stored by the dam and thus should avoid the establishment of this dam no harm touches the water contained, which enters into Egypt across the Nile River in affect a clear impact on Egypt and that means the agreement must take into account the rights of Ethiopia and Egypt, at the same time


Article
حرب المائة عام (1337-1453) وآثارها على انكلترا

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This research studied the main wars in history between England and France represented by the Hundred Years War, which broke out because of the economic interests, and the dispute over the English provinces on the French territory, and the desire of the English Kings to expansion of these properties, prompting the French kings to the extent of this expansion and economic English activity in French territory, which led eventually to the outbreak of war between the two sides and we have dealt in our research the causes of war and its consequences, as well as the course of land and maritime military operations. Keywords:Hundred Years


Article
اصلاحات الثورة البيضاء 1963ومطاليب المرأة الايرانية فيها

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This research studied the beginning of the political activity of Iranian women in the white revolution in 1963, as it opened the way for the Iranian women's political participation in the country in various state institutions, particularly the legislative institutions (Consultative Council and older), as well as access to many executive positions, such as ministries and other important other positions in Iran, in addition, the ongoing activity of Iranian women and their role prominent and featured in the white Revolution and hard work in implementing the clauses and principles of this revolution announced by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi


Article
جزر الفوكلاند جغرافياً وتاريخياً حتى عام1833

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This Research Studied The Geographical Location Of The Falkland Islands In Terms Of Area, Which Was Formed Including The Islands And The Distance Away From Britain And Argentina, In Addition To The Main Islands That Made Up The Archipelago, As Well As The Demographics, As Well As Highlighted The Exploration Stage, Which Has Spread In The Last Of The Fifteenth Century Decade Thus Was Born The Case Of International Conflicts Between Portugal And Spain, Which Ended With The Signing Tordselass Treaty Which Divided The Undiscovered Areas Between Spain And Portugal, The Islands Lie Of The Share Of Spain, Which Was Occupied Also For Argentina, We Looked At In Our Research That The French And British Conflict And Argentina And The US, Which Led At The End Of Up To The Outbreak Of The Long Conflict Between Britain And Argentina.


Article
ملامح من الحياة السياسية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية في مصر في العصر العثماني (1517 ـ 1798 )

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Ruled Egypt one hundred and twenty four funds, during the extended period between (1517-1805) was among them fifty-six and the did not exceed one year reign, in the sense that the 45.71 percent ratio did not exceed the time frame mentioned limits, to followed by twenty-eight and the not reported his sentence two years or less of them, an increase of 22.76%, and thirty-three Waal, between three to five years, an increase of 26.82%, while the rest ranged extended their rule between six and eleven years old, the only two who have exceeded his decade and a half ago.


Article
التجارة البحرية في إقليم برقة في عهد يوسف باشا القرمانلي1795-1832

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This research deals with the maritime trade activity at the beginning and up to the first third of the nineteenth century, during the era of the rule of Yusuf Karamanli. The focus is on free trade activity as one of the tributaries of the economy Tripoli Eyalet , especially in the territory of Cyrenaica. After describing it geographically, we dealt with the separation of maritime Jihad (piracy) from commercial activity, and the impact on revenues Yusuf Pasha who resorted to other means to fill the shortfall in revenues and from practicing commercial activity and the monopoly of export and import of certain goods on behalf of, and taking a loan in foreign merchants in exchange for giving them monopoly export licenses of the region's agricultural products and imported similar goods from Africa


Article
الاثار الفكرية للسيد محمد حسن الطالقاني 1950-2003 (دراسة تاريخية)

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Is Mr. Mohammed Hassan Talqani of important religious figures in Najaf, he has emerged as the intellectual role through his writings scientific, cultural and stir in Najaf in particular and Iraq in general. Have we highlighted in this research to raise the intellectual since 1950 until his death in 2003. We have addressed in this research His most important manuscript in the historical and literary fields through his books published and recognized, as well as we approached his works published in the intellectual and religious sphere, as well as his production in the literary thought achieved through a number of government offices noodles.


Article
الهبات والهدايا في عهد الخلافة في الأندلس 300-422هـ/ 912- 1009م.

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Thanks to God and blessings and peace be upon the prophet Mohammed and his progeny. The subject of donations and gifts in Andalusia is one of the most important historical topics that have not received the attention of researchers for several reasons such as lack of historical material available to the researcher. This topic represents a qualitative addition to the Andalusian historical study especially in social aspect which suffers from lack of historical studies. Thus we have selected the subject of (donations and gifts in Andalusia during the era of the Caliphate 300-422.A.H). This search it includes three topics which are: 1- First topic: Donations and gifts in the reign of Abdul Rahman Rahman Al-Nasir 300-350 A.H. 2- Second topic: Donations and gifts in Andalusia from 350 to 366 A.H. 3- Third topic: donations and gifts in Andalusia from 366-422 A.H.


Article
تطورات العلاقات الايرانية العربية ( الخليج العربي انموذجيا ) من منتصف القرن التاسع عشر حتى الحرب العالمية الثانية

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Arabic –Iranian Relation have been generally disting uinshed by its complex and contradictory nature since the have been so many problems and issues which in clude geographical, historical, ideological and demographic factors . these factores have been reflected in several aspects affecting specially nature of Arabic –Iranian (gulf), according to the nature of Iranian foreign policy to words Arabic states and issuses Accordingly , Arabic –Iranian Relation have been one of main focuses of the scholars and researchers who are specialists in this topic for their local and international importance the person politicians have been looking for their countries interests the region Arabic –Iranian since the beginning of the sixteenth century in the region of Abbas(the great) (1587-1629) who was known for his ambition to reestablish the Persian kingdom and to make Arabic gulf person lake his ancestors such as nadir shah these ambitions till the end of the second


Article
القيمة التنبؤية لأبعاد ما وراء الدافعية في تأجيل الإشباع الأكاديمي لدى طلبة الجامعة

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This researcher aimed at identifying:- 1-Meta motivational Awareness for University students. 2-Academic Delay of Gratification for University students. 3-The extend of Meta motivational Awareness in Academic Delay of Gratification for University students. To achieve that the researcher used chan (1995) scale for Meta motivational Awareness and Bembenutty & Karabenick (1998) scale for Academic Delay of Gratification and befor achieved for psycomatric from avilidity and rilablity This test has been applied the sample of the study which is ( 400 ) male and female for university students . The results have appeared that Meta motivational Awareness common for University students is Reflective Affective ,and University students have Academic Delay of Gratification, and Meta


Article
مستوى طلبة قسم اللغة العربية في استيعاب المفاهيم النحوية

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Aims current research to know the level of Department of Arabic Language grammatical concepts and the limits of research is 1-sample of his Students the fourth stage Department of Arabic Language in the College of Education in Human Sciences at the University of Babylon Morning study for the academic year of 2016 2017. Test the grammatical concepts 2-The research community has a comprehensive fourth-grade students in the Department of Arabic Language Babylon University for the academic year 2016 2017, if the research community reached (230) students stood research sample (70) male and female students who were selected randomly manner. Find promising test to absorb the grammatical concepts to determine the level of students by marking the correct answer. Researcher used Pearson correlation coefficient, and Altai test of one sample The researcher found to outweigh Students in the Department of Arabic Language a study representative at his Students in the Department of Arabic Language accommodate grammatical concepts The researcher recommended Faculty of Arts


Article
اتجاهات مدرسي اللغة العربية في المرحلة المتوسطة نحو استخدام التعلم النقال (الهاتف المحمول) في العملية التعليمية

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The study aimed to identify the Arabic language teachers trends in the intermediate stage towards the use of learning mobile mobile phone in the educational process, study sample consisted of (82) as a teacher and a school of (94%) (50) males and 32 females, who is studying students of middle school in breeding Rifai department of the Directorate of Education of Dhi Qar province, chosen purposely, due to the nature of the study researcher descriptive approach adopted, and to achieve objectives of the study, prepared by the researcher scale trends, consisting of (30) items, and was checking reliability and validity, and adopted statistical analysis package ( spss) to extract the results showed the results: The Arabic language teachers trends in the intermediate stage towards the use of learning mobile (mobile phone) were positive with a high degree, and no statistically significant differences at (α = 0.05) due to the variable sex in favor of males and statistically significant and was (0.03) and an arithmetic mean (2.85) while the arithmetic average for females (2.69), the lack of statistically significant differences at (α = 0.05) due to the variable teaching experience, as the value of (F) (0.29) which is not statistically significant. The study recommended the following: - Work reward or incentive book value the effort to outstanding teachers or the work of the competition annually ideal teacher in education, in order to help them to constant giving and create a spirit of competition among them. - A study of the effectiveness of the Arabic language teachers in the use of mobile learning and other educational stages.


Article
ادارة الوقت وضغوط العمل( العلاقة والتأثير ) دراسة تحليلية قصدية على رؤساء الاقسام في المعهد التقني / بابل

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Adopts the current research study time management Bewail (personal, organizational, and social) as the independent variable and work pressure Bewail (role conflict, role ambiguity, workload, physical working conditions), the research seeks to achieve the goal of representing test the relationship between time management and work pressure and the impact of one on the other, in order to achieve this goal has been to build hypotheses President and was named technical Institute / Babylon, a society for the study, and emerged including several hypotheses subsidiary, has formed research sample (12), head of the Department, who occupy positions of heads of departments in the surveyed organization with a choice of deliberate intentionality of the sample heads of departments in the technical / Babylon Institute The research found the results to a number of them, for example:- 1-The majority of the sample affect them personal and organizational obstacles and social, and that the time to have an important factor for the performance of any work of the Organization 2- that there is a correlation between the administration and the effect of time and the pressures of the working relationship The study concluded to provide a set of recommendations, including:- 1- Organization management attention to improving working conditions and providing a social and regulatory environment to reduce the pressures of work and raising awareness of the importance of time management 2- organization and internal distribution of tasks and activities of management between workers according to their powers for the purpose of ensuring the rapid completion of work efficiently and mastering

Table of content: volume: issue: