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iraq journal of market research and consumer protection

المجلة العراقية لبحوث السوق وحماية المستهلك

ISSN: 20713894
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Presidency of the university or centers
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Scientific Referred Journal Published by Center for Market Research and Consumer Protection, University of Baghdad.
Date of First Issue (2009)
No. of Issue Per Year (2)
No. of Issue Published Between 2009-2014 (10)

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Contact info

phone Number: 07700646083
E.mail: jour.mracpc@uobaghdad.edu.iq
website: iraqimarket.net

Table of content: 2017 volume:9 issue:1

Article
USE OF ESSENTIAL OIL FOR NIGELLA (Nigella sativa) AND SPEARMINT (Menthaspicata) TO PROLONG SHELF LIFE DURATION OF SOFT WHITE CHEESE
استعمال الزيت العطري لحبة البركة Nigella sativa والنعناع Menthaspicata في اطالة مدة حفظ الجبن الابيض الطري

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Abstract

The effects of essential oilNigella sativa and Menthawas study on the chemical, microbial and sensory properties for soft white cheese that produced from it during storage at 0, 7 and 14 days .The results show significantly percent decrease in moisture for all samplesand maximum decrease was at the latest storage period for all them .The reduced in moisture was accompanied with increase in percentage of protein and fat during of storage period for all samples. The control sample showed increased in bacterial logarithmic for total count bacterial, coliform, Staphylococcus aureus, proteolytic bacteria, lipolytic bacteria and mold and yeasts during of storage period , the highest results showed at the latest storage period 14days, it was 8, 4.96, 4.43, 4.43, 4.33 and 4.23 cfu/g respectively, these numbers were significantly decrease when nigella and spearmint was added compared with control sample at zero time for all microorganisms and it reach at the end of storage periodto be 6.29, 2.54, 1.95, 2.2, 1.91 and 1.3 cfu/g and 6.28, 2.76, 2.27, 1.69, 1.94 and 1.47 cfu/g for soft white cheese respectively. The acidity value was significantly increase during storage periods for all cheese samplescontrol, Nigella and Spearmint to reach after 14days to be 0.67, 0.79 and 0.93% respectively. The pH value was reduced for all samples to reach at the end of duration of storage 5.21, 5.35 and 5.43 respectively,accompanied of change in total acidity and pH increase in the numbers of lactic acid bacteria during of storage periods, to reach at the end of storage to be 4.42, 3.72 and 3.5 cfu/g respectively. The results indicate the superiority of the cheese sample added spearmint oil in sensory properties which included flavor, color, texture and bitterness during of storage periods compared with cheese added nigella oil and the control sample.


Article
STUDY OF OPTIMUM CONDITIONS FOR REMOVAL OF HEAVY METAL ELEMENTS BY LOCALLY ISOLATED FUNGI Aspergillus niger
دراسة الظروف المثلى لازالة العناصر المعدنية الثقيلة باستعمال الفطر Aspergillus niger المعزول محلياً

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Abstract

The best optimum temperature for the isolate was 30○C while the pH for the maximum mineral removal was 6. The best primary mineral removal was 100mg/L, while the maximum removal for all minerals was obtained after 8 hrs, and the maximum removal efficiency was obtained after 24 hrs. The results have proved that the best aeration for maximum removal was obtained at rotation speed of 150 rpm/ minute. Inoculums of 5ml/ 100ml which contained 106 cell/ ml showed maximum removal for the isolate.


Article
STUDY THE OPTIMUM CONDITIONS FOR THE REMOVAL OF HEAVY METAL ELEMENTS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING CONTAMINATED BACTERIA Bacillus subtilis LOCALLY ISOLATED
دراسة الظروف المثلى لازالة العناصر المعدنية الثقيلة من المحاليل المائية الملوثة باستعمال بكتريا Bacillus subtilis المعزولة محليا

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Abstract

We studied the effect of certain environmental conditions for removing heavy metal elements from contaminated aqueous solutions (Cd, Cu, Pb, Fe, Zn, Ni, Cr) using the bacterium Bacillus subtilis to appoint the optimal conditions for removal ,The best optimum temperature range for two isolate was 30-35○C while the hydrogen number for the maximum mineral removal range was 6-7. The best primary mineral removal was 100 mg/L, while the maximum removal for all minerals was obtained after 6 hrs of Cu element time and the maximum removal efficiency was obtained after 24 hrs of Cu element. The results have proved that the best aeration for maximum removal was obtained at rotation speed of 150 rpm/minute. Inoculums of 5ml/100ml which contained 106 cell/ml showed maximum removal for two isolates. The removal efficiency was (%) under the obtained optimum conditions above using the bacterial isolate Bacillus subtilis 88.4, 91.9, 98.1, 96.7, 83.1, and 94.8 for the minerals Cd, Cu, Pb, Fe, Zn and Ni consequently. The maximum removal for Cr element under the optimum conditions was 92.1% by using Bacillus subtilis 2 isolate.


Article
DETECTION OF ENTEROTOXINS OF Staphylococcus aureus IN MILK AND LOCOLLY SOFT CHEESES IN BAGHDAD CITY
الكشف عن السموم المعوية للمكورات العنقودية الذهبية في الحليب والجبن الطري المحلي في مدينة بغداد

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Abstract

This study aimed to detect of contamination of milk and local soft cheese with Staphylococcus aureus and their enterotoxins with attempt to detect the enterotoxin genes in some isolates of this bacteria. A total of 120 samples, 76 of raw milk and 44 of soft cheese were collected from different markets of Baghdad city. Enterotoxins in these samples were detected by VIDAS Set 2 system and it was found that enterotoxin A is present in a rate of 44.74% in milk samples and in a rate 54.50% in cheese samples. While other enterotoxins B, C, D, E were not found in any rate in any samples. Through the study 60 isolates obtained from milk and cheeses were identified as Staphylococcus aureus by cultural, morphological and biochemical test by using API Staph Kits. These isolates were subjected to find out which of the genes of classical enterotoxins A, B, C, D, and E were they harbored using Multiplex PCR assay. It was revealed that 23 isolates have one or more of these genes and the gene of enterotoxin A is more distributed among these isolates in a frequency of 82.60%.


Article
STRATEGIC DECISION MAKING APPROACHES AND ITS INFLUENCE AT EFFICIENCY OF SERIVICE MARKETING: AN APPLIED STUDY IN GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF TRAFFIC.
مداخل صناعة القرار الاستراتيجي ودورها في كفاءة تسويق الخدمات: دراسة تطبيقية في مديرية المرور العامة

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Abstract

Strategic decision making is considered one of the important processes for senior management in contemporary business organizations and service organizations due to the properties of the service such as intangibility, concomitance and mortality. Decision-making has three approaches according to the opinions of most of the writers and researchers in the administrative area: an analytical approach, intuitive approach and behavioral approach. This research is trying to discover the nature of the relationship in terms of the link between the impact of each of these approaches and efficiency of marketing services by selecting an intentional sample of 58 researches from the Directorate General of Traffic, one of the Iraqi Interior Ministry institutions, due to the importance of its services in daily life. A questionnaire was used as the main tool for collecting data and subjects’ responses were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, correlation coefficients and tests for calculating (R²) (F, Z). A number of conclusions were drawn such as each approach to the strategic decision making has clear relationship and effect in the efficiency of services marketing provided by the organization. The researchers introduced some recommendations, notably the strategic manager should not depend on a single approach in making his decision on a permanent basis; he should choose a suitable approach according to the position that he is in and the circumstance facing him. Nevertheless, the analytic approach is the best and most important in the approaches to the strategic decision-making and has clear impact on the efficiency of marketing services and the investment ofmarketing resources available to the organization.


Article
COLLABORATIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONSUMER RIGHTS IN THE ALGERIAN MARKET.
العلاقة التعاضدية بين حقوق المستهلك في السوق الجزائرية - بحث استطلاعي -

Authors: Huda Maaov هدى معيوف*
Pages: 54-66
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Abstract

The current study aimed to identify key consumer rights and the nature of the work of organizations and traders in the Algerian market through the opinions of the study sample. To prove the hypotheses the researcher depended on the data obtained by the questionnaire prepared for this purpose. She distributed 384 questionnaires out of which only 300 were returned. The data were analyzed using several statistical techniques such as the Statistical Package for Social Studies system, in addition to percentages, frequencies, and standard deviation. And a number of conclusions and recommendations were presented. The most important results are: - There is a strong correlation between safety and compensation rights. - There is a strong correlation between the right of access to information and the right to education. - There is a correlation between the rights of access to information and choice. - There is a statistically significant correlation between the right of education and the right of choice, as well as between the right of choice and the right of boycott. - There is a strong correlation between the right to education and the right of boycott. The main recommendations are: - Development of systems and rules relating to consumer protection, and compiling them into a single, general and comprehensive system that includes all administrative, legal and objective rules regarding the relevant means. - Activating the role of censorship services in the Ministry of Health and Population, the Ministry of Commerce, and others involved in consumer protection. - Forming field work teams and periodically issuing publications, specialized magazines and awareness bulletins. - Inviting media of various kinds to carry out its tasks for educating citizens, urging them not to buy products that threaten their health and their lives. - Activating the role of consumer protection associations through the formation of mutual committees, as well as committees in the specifications and standards of the Ministry of Commerce. - Making sure to match the goods provided to the consumer with the specifications, and working on quality control using modern methods. - Paying attention by Algerian business organizations to the environment and market waste disposal in appropriate ways to ensure the right to live in a healthy environment.


Article
BIOACCUMULATION OF HEAVY METALS IN Sesarma boulengeri COLLECTED FROM SHATT AL- ARAB RIVER.
التراكم الحيوي للعناصر الثقيلة في السرطان النهري Sesarma boulengeri المصادة من نهر شط العرب

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Abstract

Concentrations of heavy metals (Copper Cu, Iron Fe, Manganese Mn, Cadmium Cd, and Lead Pb) have been studied in river crab Sesarma boulengeri (Outer part of the shield and interior tissues) which caught from two stations in Shatt Al – Arab river (Salhia and Aldeir areas). Elements concentrations were measured by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, concentration of heavy metals in the internal tissues was higher than in the outer shield in both of the stations with the highest value of the elements was to iron 95.21 mg kg during the spring as well as copper was 55 mgkg and manganese was 39.09 mgkg. The study showed the presence of seasonal changes in the studied heavy metals concentrations values in the tissues of river crab; while lead and cadmium recorded less abundant elements in the organism in the inner part where their concentration was 0.010 and 0.92 mg kg respectively in the second station during the summer. The values of elements in the water were unstable while in the sediments they were proximately fixed. The concentration and distribution of elements during the seasons were in the following order: winter > spring > autumn > summer.


Article
EFFET OF SOME ISOLATION FROM FUGI BAGHDAD HOSPITAL ON PHYSIOLOGY OF LIVER, KIDNEY AND TESTIS IN ALBINO MALE MICE.
تاثير بعض انواع الفطريات لجنس Aspergillus terrusوniger Aspergillus المعزولة من ارضيات بعض مستشفيات مدينة بغداد على بعض انزيمات الكبد والكلى والخصى في ذكور الفئران البيض.

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Abstract

Some types of the fungus Aspergillus were isolated from some hospitals in the city of Baghdad (Imam Ali Hospital and Sadr General Hospital). The samples were taken by Transport media at a rate of three replicates of each place isolated from samples from different places within the hospital (waste, baths, the sick beds, corridors and room floors) for the purpose of isolating and diagnosing the fungus on the Czapeck Dox Agar media. It was noticed that the spread rate of fungus Aspergillus was 70% compared to other species that have emerged during the isolation process of the Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar media. The species A.niger (56.25%) was considered the most common type of fungus visible during the isolation process of the Imam Ali Hospital, and the percentage of appearance in the Sadr General Hospital was 38.8%. The results of planting all types of fungus Aspergillus isolated in the study by the Hair Biting Technique (HBT) have shown the ability of fungus to consume keratin in hair. As for the ability of fungus to blood analysis, the results showed the ability of species A.niger and A.terrus for blood analysis. After isolation and diagnosis dosages of fungus extract were given to white males mice at a rate of 30 mice divided into three groups each group of ten mice. The first group is a control group; the second group is given Aspergellus niger extract (2 mil/kilo); and the third group was given the Aspergellus terrus extract (2 mil/kilo). The experiment lasted 30 days and the dosages were given orally. The results of the hormonal analysis of liver enzymes (GOT, GPT, ALP) and kidney salts and testosterone hormon showed that there are significant effect of both types of fungus Aspergillus on those enzymes.


Article
INVESTIGATION OF BACTERIAL CONTAMINANTS IN FREEZERS KEEPING FROZEN FOOD IN LOCAL MARKETS
التحري عن الملوثات البكتيرية في مجمدات حفظ الاغذية المجمدة في الاسواق المحلية

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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of microbial contamination in food keeping freezers in some local markets in Baghdad city/ Iraq, as well as the contamination of the hands of workers in markets, and the possibility of contamination caused by the transport of food. 30 samples of snow ice found in food keeping freezers in local markets was randomly collected, and 30 swabs from workers hands were taken from the same markets at the same time. Microbiological examination of ice samples was conducted as well as the hands of workers’swabs, and the bacteria were isolated and diagnosed through microbiological and biochemical tests followed. Microbial test results showed some isolates of bacteria in ice samples obtained from food keeping freezers, the highest number of isolates belonging to Pseudomonas aeruginosa 12 isolates, followed by Klebsiella spp bacteria reaching 7 isolates, then Staphylococcus aurous recorded 4 isolates, while the number of isolates of each bacteria belonging to Staphylococcus epidermidis, Salmonella spp, Streptococcus fecalis and Escherichia coli is equal: 2 isolates, and one isolate from Escherichia coli O157:H7 . In the swabs of workers’ hands the numbers for each of the isolates of bacteria Klebsiella spp., E.coli, Staphylococcus aurous, Streptococcus fecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Escherichia coli O157:H7 recorded 10, 10, 7, 5, 4 and 2 respectively, and Salmonella spp. pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria not found in the swabs of workers’ hands.


Article
INVESTIGATION THE CONTENT OF SOME HEAVY METALS IN COLORED PLASTIC TABLE DISHES
التحري عن تركيز بعض المعادن الثقيلة في اواني المائدة البلاستيكية الملونة

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the existence of some heavy metals (lead, cadmium, chromium) in colored plastic table dishes and study the migration of these metals to the food meals and the affecting factors in migration , such as storage period and food temperature. Six kinds of colored plastic table dishes were collected from Baghdad markets. The heavy metals in table dishes and in the prepared food meals put in them were estimated using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (Shimadzu A5000). The results indicated the existence of lead in all samples (1.61_1.00 mg/ kg) and chromium in three samples (0.85_0.97 mg/ kg) while other samples are free of chromium, and cadmium. Investigating the migration of these metals to food at different conditions of temperature and storage period revealed that migration increases with increasing temperature of the food and increasing the period of food contact with the dishes as a result of increasing the solubility of components used in dish industry such as the dyes used for coloring the dishes.

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