Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552 265X /25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume:1 issue:222

Article
The Creativity Literary of Gongora
إبداع غونغورا الأدبي

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Abstract

Luis de Góngora y Argote, (1561-1627), Spanish poet, is one of the most influential Spanish poets of his era. His Baroque, convoluted style, known as Gongorism was so exaggerated by less gifted imitators that his reputation suffered after his death until it underwent a revaluation in the 20th century.. In his literary works has expressed very well his feelings and emotions perfectly, especially the thought of his time and the themes of criticism and disappointment of the Baroque. His poetic work breaks molds and inaugurates a new language whose virtuality, still unsurpassed, continues to mark the course of contemporary poetry. This investigation is divided in two chapters, the first presnte the biography and style of Gongora besides its works that comprise the satire. The second chapter is concerned Cultism and gonorismo, besides the Architecture of the sonnets of Góngora.

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Article
Dispensing in the buildings of the multitude and the multitude In the Quran between rejection and acceptance
الاستغناء في أبنية جموع القلّة والكثرة في القرآن الكريم بين الرفض والقبول

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Abstract

The morphological study has witnessed a great interest and importance since it is considered as the perfect scale for words connotations and criteria. This study deals with part of plural structures ( Al Qila and Al kithra plural structures) in Holy Quran. In this concern, some writers suggest using Al Kithra instead of Al Qila, and Al Qila instead of Al Kithra, or as they suggest (this plural structure cannot be standardized) or (the standard plural structure is something else), or in some plural examples (these structures have the replaceability of positions), or (the standard structure can be pluralized as such).In this way, the writers disregard the fact that plural structures in Holy Quran have power and grandeur that appeared in the words and their contexts. According to this, it is unacceptable to say that this type of plural structure can be replaced by that! If they only look deeper in Al Quran structures, they would find what they need to know; but instead they have followed their own justifications and ideas.

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Article
Metaphor in Funny Language
المجاز في اللغة المضحكة

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Abstract

This article highlights different ways of metaphorical use in language and shows its potential in attracting the readers' attention. Language as a biological being lives its own life witnessing never-ending changes: falling outs and newly built elements. We enrich our language not only by new elements but also by new styles and reusing of existing sources. One of these ways which makes language more alive and active is metaphor. Metaphor nowadays is found in all the fields of life, education, medicine, policy and everyday life. Metaphor, in fact, reflects the relationship of language to culture and the world of ideas. Language, on the one hand, is a repository of culture; the traditions, proverbs, and knowledge of our ancestors. On the other hand, language is the mirror of the world of ideas. People reflect their new ideas in using language in new ways, even such devices as paintings and riddles. Metaphor has many shapes and is found in spoken and written language, graphics, cartoon or caricature, riddles, jokes and paintings to express novel shades of meanings, e.g., metaphor in newspaper photos, magazines or even in advertisements attracts the attention of readers and are memorized for a long time. Metaphoric use is also a way of enjoying the readers. It is used for both real and logical aims such as; warnings, advises, or invitations ...etc.

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Article
The influence of Pesian language on the Basrah Accent in the present and past
علاقة اللغة الفارسية باللهجة البصرية قديماً وحديثاً

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Abstract

The language and culture have long been influential in Arabic language and literature. The Abbasid period, the highest influence, especially in wisdom and proverbs and historical and scientific text such as logbooks accounts involved. The influence of Persian language and Iranian culture in everyday life as one of the most works of Arabic remains evident.The aforesaid impact is considerable in zone Arabic words. The study quantity and type of Persian words applied in this article, is topic that writers article of through method technical analysis, lexical and statistical had paid far to it. This article shows that with regard to the words and their type application quantity which of Persian culture and civilization have had of greater influence on Arabic language and literature. By study these words become clear that the most applied tools words, utensil, dishes had allocated to itself. Verbally, more simple words and to faraway is verbal complexity and about one-third of the extension is a combination of words.


Article
An analytic study of the levels of evaluation questions in English courses in Syrian secondary schools according to Bloom’s Taxonomy
دراسة تحليلية لمستويات الأسئلة التقويمية في مناهج اللغة الانكليزية في المدارس الثانوية السورية وفقاً لتصنيف بلوم

Authors: M. Maysoun shams aldiyn Al-Skaf
Pages: 25-38
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Abstract

This study aims to classify the levels of assessment questions according to Bloom's taxonomy in English course for eleventh grade in Syria and to analyze the percentage of questions in each level (recall, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation). The sample of the study consists of student's book for eleventh grade in Syrian Arab Republic. The study follows the quantitative approach by making use the following tool: an analysis card to measure the frequency of assessment questions. The results show that assessment questions in English student’s book for eleventh grade cover all levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy. The percentages are: recall 51.65%, comprehension 14.89%, application 9,02%, analysis 2.8%, synthesis 7.48%, and evaluation 2.63%. Thus, recall which is the lowest thinking skill is the most frequent level of questions whereas evaluation is the least occurring level.


Article
The Authority of Pleaing to the Quranic Examples in the Speech of AL Zahra (pbuh)59
سلطة الحجاج بالشاهد القرآني في خطبة الزهراء (عليها السلام)

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Abstract

The structure of argument is one of the most structures that can be used in speech because of the power it has in giving conviction it was used byAlzahra (pbuh) in her sermon as an evidence of its legitimacy in the Holy Quran. The structure of plea is within the heart of the interaction between the speaker and hisher audience. Therefore, Alzahra (pbuh) speech included found a big horizon in the plea as it includes many structures We can conclude from the study of the linguistic speech in the oration of Alzahra (pbuh) through the argument and the revelation of the oratory policies that surpasses the traditional structure and the suggestive meaning of the sermon to the level of delivering the doctrinal and political essence of the speech which cited the powerful plea of a scared book that can refute any claim of linguistic structure since this is unchangeable The study is divided into two inquiries: the first is authority of Quranic citation, the second is the examples of the Quranic citation. In the techniques of the communicative argument: 1- the argument a s a model 2- argument with declamatory face 3- the power of argument and the rape of minds 4- argument with neglect. One of the most important findings of the study is that the argument speech in the Arabic tradition is governed by rules and customs that are followed by the parties.


Article
The Narrative of terrorism and accountability of reality in a novel (Cue and river dance) / semiotics approach
سّردية الإرهاب ومساءلة الواقع في رواية (رقصة الجديلة والنهر) مقاربة سيميائية

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Abstract

It seems to be stopping at the speech the novelist relationship in Iraq actually issues, particularly the issue of terrorism, within the framework of an approach Metn novelist, and try to understand the relationship of terrorism literature and its impact on the narrative text, as we seek to answer the central question follows: How can express the issue of terrorism through text novelist? The search in the phenomenon of terrorism and its relationship with the novelist discourse leads us to extrapolate the texts that has been associated with emergence stage emergence of terrorism in the Iraqi society, because what is recorded by these texts represents Smata task of this phase, as well as they record the position of the writer and his sense about what is going on. And we were selected for the novel (belts and river dance) for the fulfillment of Abdul Razzaq to be a code of our research, which coincided issued with what Iraq is witnessing terrorist events, to derive drew on the fact, in an attempt to impeach actually touching the pressing their issues, cross-questioning novelist text and on according to data approach semiotic.

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Article
The Effect of the Figure of Etimology on the Formation of syntactic Idiom (A Letter of the syntactic Limitation by Ibn AL-Jabrany (628H) as an Example)
أثرُ المجاز في تشكيل المصطلح النحوي ] رسالة الحـدود النحويـة لابـن الجبراني ( ت 628هـ ) مثالاً [

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Abstract

The idioms are considered as al basic rucleus in every science , and they are true indicators for the development of sciences in terms of their employment and stability . The Arabic syntax ' indulges itself ' in a number of ways to get its idioms . It made use of the inherited linguistic literature . Which is considered an important basis for the formation of its idioms . The figure of etimology was one of the basics of Arabic syntax and it was an influential element in the achievement of the semantic development of the word since the language makes use of it to develop its structures spontaneorsly in order to go along with the needs of the developing life . There fore , their research sheds light on the figure of etimology on as one of the resources in the formation of syntactic idiom through which the word's original meaning is transferred into a new one to gain the features of the idiom . This is done in an approache to present the linguistic meaning of the word with its idiomatic meaning . Then the similarities between the aforementioned meanings should be looked for as we have done in their research .

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Article
Quranic grammar In the light of a new approach (almdwwnt almghlq)
النحو القرآني في ضوء منهج جديد (المدوّنة المغلقة)

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Abstract

(Qur'anic grammar) is a subject that has recently been studied in Iraqi universities. In fact, however, it lacks clarity in the intellectual vision and methodology of the Qur'anic specificity. Therefore, we will seek to find a disciplined methodology for the Qur'anic verses related to this Bible, From the words of the Arabs and published grammatical in their writings and grammatical books and increased it and estimated and gave the word of God to agree with the words of the Arabs and their rules. Therefore, the research will deal with the mechanism of applying the task of making the mechanism of interpreting the Koran in the Koran starting to establish a clear scientific approach is (almdwwnt almghlq approach). The third topic deals with the approach of the Qur'anic approach (the almdwwnt almghlq) preceded by an introduction and a preface that deals with grammar in terms of language, grammar, and deviation in the function of grammar. Displays the most important results.

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Article
The Codes And Illustrations Of Code In Fadva Toghan’s Poem
الرمز و الصور الرمزية في شعر فدوي طوقان

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Abstract

Inclination toward using code is one of the manifestations of modernism in the contemporary poetry to which poets, especially poets of literature of resistance are inclined, in order to decorate their words and make them ambiguous so that the reader has to probe deep into his mind in order to get the poet’s intended meaning. Fadava Toghan is one of the poets’ of literature of resistance who utilizes code in her literature. Toghan uses code and code illustrations in most of her poems, especially those about her country and issues of Palestine. She gets use of various and new ways like using colors, religion , myths, characters and historical events in order to express the code illustrations. She expresses the most of her codes with illustration eloquent. As the reader see the shadows of these illustration eloquent in most of her poems.


Article
Lattice tendency class and rebellion in the poetry of hope Donqol (analytical study -ffineh)
شعرية النزعة الشبقية والتمرد في شعر أمل دنقل (دراسة تحليلية – فنية)

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shrug researcher note Bcharih hope Donqol, unless the pain the life of the poet, which was characterized by (b deprivation, poverty, oppression), and they form (rejection), which led to the insurgency; and because poet haunted by Jesse excellence who longed to find the form of guarantees for Vshehadh job: (Interestingness and persuasion), Interestingness: document to sculpture in the body language, and the wealth of aesthetic and cultural variety of the elements, and persuasion: backed deep devoutly usefulness of poetry and its ability to achieve communication, and payment collective conscience that transcends to achieve attributes: (penetration and combustion), breakthrough: to block out time, and then the combustion creative to constitute a poet -aml Dnql- read, but based on the way that warms the joints of the society in which injury weakness, as well as on the fire of the motor to rise to the world of purity is impossible combustion breakthrough.

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Article
Quranic discourse Approach in light of textual linguistics
الخطاب القرآني مقاربة في ضوء لسانيات النص

Authors: م. د. خالد حميد صبري
Pages: 165-182
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Abstract

This study tends to present a vision about the linguistic importance of the text as being an interpretive and analytical aspect. This study will specifically be centered on the Quranic text. It will give a new interpretation to the text for a better understanding of the Holy Quran. This interpretation will be different from the traditional approaches and analysis made by the traditional domains of knowledge within the sciences of the Holy Quran. In addition, the study aims to demystify some problematic interpretations provided by researchers and specialists. Due to the uncertainty of some researchers, they became skeptic about the unity of the Quranic text. They also became skeptic about the interpretive approaches proposed by the interpreters and the specialists of the Quranic text.

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Article
CT system act and the derivation formula Between classical and colloquial southern Iraq
النظام المقطعي للفعل و صيغة الاشتقاقِ بين الفصيحة وعاميّة جنوبيّ العراق

Authors: م .د. لهيب جاسم ناصر
Pages: 183-201
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Abstract

The idea of research: confirm that there is infrastructure systems control architectures derivatives Valachtakkak a later stage of raw materials that shaped this is what is revealed by CT habits, they are very active valuable derivation formula and if they went linguistic analysis of them was able to change in many of the customs of morphological analysis of this does not mean that linguistic analysis The foundations CT final and complete as much as reveal the approach of the scientific threshold Whatever logical analysis, it remains a new reading an ancient language that does not know about the moments of her birth what we can answer the question: Why was the custom scan this picture and who were those ? The research problem: trying to answer for the effectiveness of CT system in the formulation of derivatives as a fundamental structure underlying the derivation and to identify the site tomography system of derivation and the extent of his contribution to the drafting. Research methodology and mechanisms: the approach adopted Find descriptive benefited from taking vernacular mechanism to measure the shift away from classical through its approach based on the CT system.

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Article
Engraving, Brocade And Decoration In The Poetry Of Lisan Aldeen Ben Al-Khatedeb
شعر النَّقش والرَّقم والطَّرز في ديوان لسان الدّين بن الخطيب السّلماني

Authors: م.د. نردين رضا كريم
Pages: 201-225
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This research tackles the engraving, brocade and decoration in the poetry of LisanAldeen ben Al-Khatedeb. Engravingis in the marble or wood. While on the other handbrocade is on leather or clothes in general and others. Most of the poems of LisanAldeen ben Al-Khatedeb in that poetic topic. They were LisanAldeen ben Al-Khatedeb engraved in the walls of palaces and domes and the bowls of water. Some of which arebrocaded in the swords holders or the tables and clothes.

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Article
The effect of hearing and measurement in enriching the child's lexicon
أثر السماع والقياس في إثراء المعجم اللغوي للطفل

Authors: م.م. آية علي ناصر
Pages: 241-252
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Speech is the most important manifestation of human development and superiority over other creatures of the earth. In order to produce speech, there must be a language that contains a large number of linguistic symbols, which require complex and diverse coalition relationships that only human beings can master. In order for a person to communicate with others, he must gather a wealth of words and store them in his memory. God has created for man the means to help him gather them. The most prominent of these are listening and measuring. As hearing is the first senses on which the child relies to communicate with his or her linguistic environment and acquire the language of his people, listening has gained great importance in measuring the enrichment of the lexicon of the linguistic person, but this does not diminish the importance of measurement.


Article
British occupation of Iraq study in its political development (1917- 1927)
الإحتلال البريطاني للعراق دراسة في تطوره السياسي (1917_1927م)

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establishment of the Iraqi state in 1921 and the effects of this occupation existed. On this basis, one of the historians used the term Iraq - British royal rule in the period. So, important to know what are the historical factors which led to Britain occupy Iraq, beyond the historical trend of the state and the fundamental changes which led to the establishment of the Iraqi state. In this study, entitled (the historical reasons for the occupation of Iraq, Britain to study the political development between the years 1917 to 1920). Which ensures the number of vertical axes, the first axis looking for strategic importance of Iraq and the situation in Iraq under the leadership of the Ottoman Empire. The second axis tells Britain's occupation of Iraq, the third axis either looking for agreements made between Iraq and Britain the first, second and third.The fourth axis looking for challenging the Iraqis against the British occupation and private revolted in 1920, including the role of the Kurds in this revolution. In fact, with the reasons for strategic and economic, historical factors have had an important role in the occupation of Iraq with the causes and factors which mentioned were overlapping, Baghdad was the capital of Iraq through the stories of One Thousand and One Nights was written in the West and known Babylon was one of the oldest cities, which have been mentioned in Holy book by the West, so intertwined historical importance Wares in the cause of Britain's occupation of Iraq.

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Article
Sultan Al-Arslan (455 AH / 1063 AD _465H / 1072 AD) And his skill in eliminating internal problems
السلطان ألب أرسلان (455ه/1063م _465ه/1072م) ومهارته في القضاء على المشكلات الداخلية

Authors: أ.م.د. علي حسن غضبان
Pages: 269-282
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Sultan Al-Arslan is the second great Seljuk sultans whose rule lasted for nine and a half years, extending from 455 AH / 1063 AD until 465 AH (AD 1072), which is within the period of the beginning and the stability of the Seljuk state. He described this Sultan as an ambitious and distinguished military inclination. He spent all his reign in wars and expansion, whether in consolidating his rule against the internal challenges he faced from the Seljuk house or from other external challenges and rebellions . His internal efforts to stabilize the government and highlight the internal challenges he faced, including the challenges of the Seljuk family and how to overcome them.

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Article
The state of Jebel Al-Qalal (277-365 A.H. / 890 – 976 A.C.)
دويلة جبل القلال (277- 365هـ/ 890-976م) دراسة تاريخية

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The study includes a detailed introduction which includes many subjects starting from the etymology passing through the location which the historians, then the beginning of the Islamic expansion in Jebel and their descending there, and lastly how that fort has fallen.Through the study, we found many state names like Farshkhaneet, Fransium, Fraxine forest and Gloria. While it witnessed the feigning of the Muslim expansion in the territory before many. Then, we tackled their struggle against the franks Jebel Al-Qalal which resulted with the attack Province and their struggle with the Christian Aimon. The study showed that the Muslims of Jebel Al-Qalal managed to prove their control over Jebel Al-Qalal through their economical, religious, and cultural represented in the spread of the intellectual social status. In spite of the prosperity of the state of Jebel Al-Qalal through the period of (80) years, there were many weakness point which form the beginning of the fall of Conard plot, which for the demise of Muslims

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Article
Relations between the Fatimids and the Crusaders in the Levant and Egypt (491-567 AH / 1097-1171 AD)
العلاقات بين الفاطميين والصليبيين في بلاد الشام ومصر (491-567هـ/1097-1171م)

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Provide research in theme to study the relations between the Fatimids and the Crusaders in the Levant and Egypt (491-567 AH / 1097-1171 AD) and its impact in the succession. Find referred to the attitude of the Fatimids of the First Crusade expansion Crusader in Palestine and the position of the Fatimids of it, and the incursion in the Crusader (Egypt, images, Ashkelon) and its impact in the Fatimid relations crusade every special study.

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Article
The evolution of political life In Mesopotamia from the period of dawn dynasties, the end of the state of Ur III (2006-2900q.m)
تطور الحياة السياسية فــي بلاد الرافدين من عصر فجر السلالات حتى نهاية دولة أور الثالثة (2900-2006ق.م)

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I wrote in this research brief on the system of governance How evolved, but can not give an exact time period in which originated the first asset of the governance systems and forms of the lack of archaeological sources, then About the Period of dawn the dynasties and how it originated dynasties in each statelet city and the separation of religious authority from power mundane, enables Alkotyon of the occupation of the country in the period of Akkadian after they quoted the arts of war and weapons of the Akkadians, Vdilaan case of cultural stagnation during the reign of Alkotien in the period of ur III.

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Article
المضمر والظاهر في رواية حجاب العروس للروائي محمد الحمراني مقاربة في التاريخانية الجديدة

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The thesis of New Historicism in this research stand on an approach the narrative discource in a novel named "the veil of bride" by Muhammed Al Humarany an Iraqi novelist. It's written after American occupation to Iraq in 9 April 2003. The approach also try to know how the traces of past enter the modern culture, and put the literary work in the historical Context, and then interpretate the codes of narrative text, and deeply digging to grasp the cultural systems, that lies in aesthetic text. This systems that disguise in the novels meanwhile its imagenativelyportartes the reality, from point of view agree or disagree with the historical events. So this resaearch try to deconstruct the central and dominant discourses in the aesthetic text, to reveal the part of diver mountain in the discourses of texts. The research diveds into two parts: First is a theoritcal approach, which distinguish between the traditional historical criticism and New Historical criticism, and how are they connect with the cultural criticism. Second is try to approach the novel of this research.

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