Table of content

Journal of Engineering

مجلة الهندسة

ISSN: 17264073 25203339
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal Engineering was issued in 1986. It was Stopped from 1990 – 1997 because of the economic blockade. It restarted publication after the fourth scientific engineering conference for it published the papers that were accepted in the conference.
It is a scientific engineering journal refereed by specialized and qualified professors in most of the engineering fields and those Specialists in the issued by the college of Engineering university of Baghdad .It was serenely publibued , but from 2011 it has issued of monthly for the numerous papers submitted to the journal to publish their papers in this scientific journal in addition to some of the Arabs professors because the journal is considered one of the valued journals in the Arabic homelan .
Many professions were the head editor of the journal from its first issue. The first one was prof.dr. Laith Ismail Namiq then prof.dr. Mohammed A.Alawis ,prof.dr.Ali A Al – kilidar prof.dr. Abdul-Ilah Younis and currently Prof.dr.Qais S. Ismail.

AIMS AND SCOPE

The Journal of Engineering is an open access, monthly, refereed, peer-reviewed journal. It focuses on the different disciplines of engineering.

Its scope is to cover almost all the aspects of engineering and technology and their related topics. The Journal of Engineering tries to emphasize on publishing high-quality papers with an acceptable, professional and considerable background.

The submitted papers undergo plagiarism, a double-blind peer review by professionals in the paper specific specialty. This process is accomplished according to the Journal criteria of evaluation, where the manuscript, contents, and organization of the paper are to be checked. The papers will be available online for the readers.

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Contact info

Jadriyah, Baghdad
Iraq
Mobile:+964 7714076860
Email: info@jcoeng.edu.iq
https://www.jcoeng.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume:23 issue:10

Article
Experimental Evaluation of the Strut-and-Tie Model Applied to Deep Beam with Near-Load Openings
دراسة عملية لنظرية الدعامة والشداد لاعتاب عميقة ذات فتحات قريبة من نقاط التحميل

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Abstract

It is commonly known that Euler-Bernoulli’s thin beam theorem is not applicable whenever a nonlinear distribution of strain/stress occurs, such as in deep beams, or the stress distribution is discontinuous. In order to design the members experiencing such distorted stress regions, the Strut-and-Tie Model (STM) could be utilized. In this paper, experimental investigation of STM technique for three identical small-scale deep beams was conducted. The beams were simply supported and loaded statically with a concentrated load at the mid span of the beams. These deep beams had two symmetrical openings near the application point of loading. Both the deep beam, where the stress distribution cannot be assumed linear, and the existence of the openings, which causes stress discontinuity, make the use of Euler-Bernoulli’s thin beam theorem not applicable. An idealized STM for the beam was first established and then experimental test was carried out to study the capability of STM to deal with the distortion of stress caused by the presence of near-load openings in addition to the nonlinear distribution of stress occurring in deep beam. The test results showed that the beam designed using STM was able to withstand a load higher than the designed ultimate load. The service load, in the other hand, was within the range of the estimated one. The outcome of this study can then be added to the relatively few available experimental studies related to STM technique to enhance the validation of STM to efficiently treat different structural configurations where the linear stress assumption cannot be applied.


Article
Mismanagement Reasons of the Projects Execution Phase
أسباب سوء الادارة في مرحلة تنفيذ المشاريع

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Abstract

The execution phase of the project is most dangerous and the most drain on the resources during project life cycle, therefore, its need to monitor and control by specialists to exceeded obstructions and achieve the project goals. The study aims to detect the actual reasons behind mismanagement of the execution phase. The study begins with theoretical part, where it deals with the concepts of project, project selection, project management, and project processes. Field part consists of three techniques: 1- brainstorming, 2- open interviews with experts and 3- designed questionnaire (with 49 reason. These reasons result from brainstorming and interviewing with experts.), in order to find the real reasons behind mismanagement of the execution phase. The most important reasons which are negatively impact on management of the execution phase that proven by the study were (Inability of company to meet project requirements because it's specialized and / or large project, Multiple sources of decision and overlap in powers, Inadequate planning, Inaccurate estimation of cost, Delayed cash flows by owners, Poor performance of project manager, inefficient decision making process, and the Negative impact of people in the project area). Finally, submitting a set of recommendations which will contribute to overcome the obstructions of successful management of the execution phase.


Article
Application of Building Information Modeling (3D and 4D) in Construction Sector in Iraq
تطبيق نمذجة معلومات البناء (3D و4D) في قطاع الانشاء في العراق

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Abstract

Building Information Modeling (BIM) is becoming a great known established collaboration process in Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. In various cases in many countries, potential benefits and competitive advantages have been reported. However, despite the potentials and benefits of BIM technologies, it is not applied in the construction sector in Iraq just like many other countries of the world. The purpose of this research is to understand the uses and benefits of BIM for construction projects in Iraq. This purpose has been done by establishing a framework to application of BIM and identifying the benefits of this technology that would convince stakeholders for adopting BIM in the construction sector in Iraq. Through this research, the use of this technology has been clarified by using the proposed framework (application Revit software and linking it with the MS Project and Navisworks Manage software on the case study) to identify the important benefits to be the beginning to apply the Building Information Modeling technology in the construction sector in Iraq. The research results indicated that such proposed framework can greatly improve the performance of the current state of project management through improving the project quality, cost saving and time-saving.


Article
Improvement of Gypseous Soil Using Cutback Asphalt
تثبيت التربة الجبسية بأستخدام الاسفلت السائل

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Abstract

Gypseous soils are widely distributed and especially in Iraq where arid area of hot climatic is present. These soils are considered as problematic soils; therefore this work attends to improve the geotechnical properties of such soil and reduce the dangers of collapse due to wetting process. In this research, undisturbed soil sample of 30 % gypsum content from Karbala city is used. The Single Oedometer collapse test is used in order to investigate the collapse characteristics of natural soil and after treatment with 3%, 6%, 9%, 12% and 15% of Cutback Asphalt. Moreover, two selected additive percentages (9% and 12%) are used to evaluate the suitability of using the Cutback Asphalt for improvement of the bearing capacity of gypseous soils. A steel model box is used for this purpose, the treatment depth is equal to one and twice the footing width. The tests results showed that the total settlement of 25 mm of treated soil with (MC-30) material can be achieved at vertical stress lower than that value required for natural soil. Also, thickness of treated layer with (MC-30) material below the proposed foundation has a significant effect on the value of bearing capacity of the soil. The rate of salt dissolved (C.V) is extremely decreased especially at all percentages of Cutback Asphalt. The best bearing improvement ratio is found at 9% asphalt and at a depth equal to foundation width. However, the Cutback Asphalt can be successfully used by 12% for collapse potential treatment while it is not suitable for improvement of the bearing capacity of gypseous soils.


Article
Optimization of Surface Roughness for Al-alloy in Electro-chemical Machining (ECM) using Taguchi Method
امثلية الخشونة السطحية في التشغيل الكهروكيمياوي باستخدام طريقة تاكوشي

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Abstract

Electro-chemical Machining is significant process to remove metal with using anodic dissolution. Electro-chemical machining use to removed metal workpiece from (7025) aluminum alloy using Potassium chloride (KCl) solution .The tool used was made from copper. In this present the optimize processes input parameter use are (current, gap and electrolyte concentration) and surface roughness (Ra) as output .The experiments on electro-chemical machining with use current (30, 50, 70) A, gap (1.00, 1.25, 1.50) mm and electrolyte concentration (100, 200, 300) (g/L). The method (ANOVA) was used to limit the large influence factors affected on surface roughness and found the current was the large influence factors with (72.17%). The results of the optimization of comparison of experimental and prediction conditions current at level-1(30 A), gap at level-1 (1.00mm) and electrolyte concentration at level-1(100(g/L)) shown the average experiments and prediction surface roughness (1.352) and (1.399) respectively.


Article
Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of EN25 Steel Treated by Different Quenching Media
سلوك البلى الانزلاقي الجاف للفولاذ En 25 المعالج بأوساط تقسية مختلفة

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Abstract

The present investigation aims to study the effect of heat treatment by quenching in different quenching media (salt water, water and oil) following by tempering on wear resistance of EN25 steel. EN25 steel is an alloy of medium carbon low alloy steel which is used for many applications requiring high tensile strength and wear resistance such as connecting rods, adapters and in power sectors extensively. The specimens are machined to 20 mm in length and 10 mm in diameter. This study is done by two stages: The first stage is done by austenitizing EN25 steel to 850℃ for 1 hr by quenching the specimens in three different quenching media and then tempered at 300℃ in air. While the second stage is performed by wear test. Dry sliding wear test is done by using pin –on-disc technique by varying the loads as 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 N, also varying the time as 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 min respectively. The microstructure examination, hardness and followed roughness tests are also done for the specimens before and after wear test. The results of this work showed that an improving in wear resistance and hardness for the specimen quenched by salt water more than for water and oil. At the same time the roughness decreasing for the specimen quenched by salt water more than for water and oil.


Article
Comparison the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials (Al /SiC and Al/ B4C) Produced by Powder Technology
مقارنة الخواص الفيزياوية والميكانيكية لمواد مركبة (المنيوم/ كاربيد السليكون، المنيوم/ كاربيد البورون) منتجة بطريقة تكنولوجيا المساحيق

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Abstract

In this investigation, metal matrix composites (MMCs) were manufactured by using powder technology. Aluminum 6061 is reinforced with two different ceramics particles (SiC and B4C) with different volume fractions as (3, 6, 9 and 12 wt. %). The most important applications of particulate reinforcement of aluminum matrix are: Pistons, Connecting rods etc. The specimens were prepared by using aluminum powder with 150 µm in particle size and SiC, B4C powder with 200 µm in particle size. The chosen powders were mixed by using planetary mixing setup at 250 rpm for 4hr.with zinc stearate as an activator material in steel ball milling. After mixing process the powders were compacted by hydraulic unidirectional press type (Leybold Harris No. 36110) at 250 Kg/cm2 according to (ASTM-D 618). Finally the green compacts were sintered at 500 ℃ for 3 hr. by using electrical furnace with argon atmosphere. There are many examinations and tests were done for the produced metal matrix composites (MMCS), (Al/ SiC and Al/B4C) such as examination of the microstructure, mechanical tests (hardness and compressive strength), physical tests (density test before and after sintering, also porosity test). The results of this investigation showed that improving the physical properties (theoretical density, experimental density, porosity) and mechanical properties (Rockwell hardness and compressive strength).


Article
Bit Record Analysis for Bits Evaluating and Selection
تحليل سجلات الحافرة من اجل تقييم اختيار الحافرات

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Abstract

The bit record is a part from the daily drilling report which is contain information about the type and the number of the bit that is used to drill the well, also contain data about the used weight on bit WOB ,revolution per minute RPM , rate of penetration ROP, pump pressure ,footage drilled and bit dull grade. Generally we can say that the bit record is a rich brief about the bit life in the hole. The main purpose of this research is to select the suitable bit to drill the next oil wells because the right bit selection avoid us more than one problems, on the other hand, the wrong bit selection cause more than one problem. Many methods are related to bit selection, this research is familiar with four of those methods, which they are: specific energy method, bit dullness way, cost per foot method, offset well bit record and geological information way. Five oil wells have been studied in Rumaila Oil Field in South of Iraq which they are R-531, R-548, R-536, R-544 and R-525. The wells R-531, R-536 and R-525 are vertical wells; the wells R-548 and R-544 are directional wells at angle of inclination 8.79◦ and 16.62◦ respectively.


Article
Strength of Reinforced Concrete Columns with Transverse Openings
تحمل الأعمدة الخرسانية المسلحة ذات الفتحات المستعرضة

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Abstract

The present work is concerned with the investigation of the behavior and ultimate capacity of axially loaded reinforced concrete columns in presence of transverse openings under axial load plus uniaxial bending. The experimental program includes testing of twenty reinforced concrete columns (150 × 150 × 700 mm) under concentric and eccentric load. Parameters considered include opening size, load eccentricity and influence of the direction of load eccentricity with respect to the longitudinal axis of the opening. Experimental results are discussed based on load – lateral mid height deflection curves, load – longitudinal shortening behavior, ultimate load and failure modes. It is found that when the direction of load eccentricity is parallel to the longitudinal axis of openings, column behavior is more pronounced when than the direction is normal to the longitudinal axis of openings.


Article
Buckling Loads and Effective Length Factor for Non-Prismatic Columns
أحمال الانبعاج ومعامل الطول الفعال للأعمدة غير المنشورية

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Abstract

Based on a finite element analysis using Matlab coding, eigenvalue problem has been formulated and solved for the buckling analysis of non-prismatic columns. Different numbers of elements per column length have been used to assess the rate of convergence for the model. Then the proposed model has been used to determine the critical buckling load factor (γ_cr) for the idealized supported columns based on the comparison of their buckling loads with the corresponding hinge supported columns . Finally in this study the critical buckling factor (γ_cr) under end force (P) increases by about 3.71% with the tapered ratio increment of 10% for different end supported columns and the relationship between normalized critical load and slenderness ratio was generalized.


Article
Study the Effects of Microwave Furnace Heat on The Mechanical Properties and Estimated Fatigue life of AA2024-T3
دراسة تأثير الحرارة الناجمة عن أفران المايكروويف على الخواص الميكانيكية وعمر الكلال لسبيكة الألومنيوم 2024-T3

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Abstract

This research aims to study the effect of microwave furnace heat on the mechanical properties and fatigue life of aluminum alloy (AA 2024-T3). Four conditions were used inside microwave furnace (specimens subjected to heat as dry for 30 and 60min. and specimens subjected to heat as wet (water) for 30 and 60 min.), and compared all results with original alloy (AA 2024-T3). Tensile, fatigue, hardness and surface roughness tests were used in this investigation. It is found that hardness of dry conditions is higher than wet conditions and it increases with increasing of time duration inside microwave furnace for dry and wet conditions. Also, tensile strength has the same behavior of hardness, but it increases with decreasing of time. Dry condition for 60 min. shows the higher fatigue strength than other conditions. Surface roughness parameter (Ra) of dry conditions is higher than wet conditions and it decreases with increasing of duration of time.

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