Table of content

kirkuk university journal for scientific studies

مجلة جامعة كركوك للدراسات العلمية

ISSN: 19920849 26166801
Publisher: Kirkuk University
Faculty: Science
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies (KUJSS) is an official publication of the Faculty of Science at the University of Kirkuk. It was originally published in 2006 with two issues per year. Currently the journal is published every quarter (4 issues a year) since 2013. KUJSS publishes original papers, technical and research papers, in different disciplines (Astronomy, Pure and Applied Physics, Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics & Communication, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mathematical Sciences, Science of Chemistry, Bio-Science Technologies, Earth Sciences, Geo-physics, and Remote Sensing). English and Arabic are the language used. All manuscript submissions must be made through the journal's online manuscript system at online submissions.
The visions, goals, and the mechanisms of our Journal is to publish scientific research sober in the areas of Applied and Pure Sciences and scientific research, scientific interest large to contribute to the development of various disciplines, which provides significant support to researchers in all scientific facilities to continue to support the development plans in Iraq.
Submitted papers will be reviewed by Technical Committees of the Journal. All submitted articles should report original, previously unpublished research results, experimental or theoretical, and will be peer-reviewed. Articles submitted to the journal should meet these criteria and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing.

date of firist issue 2006
no.issue per year(4)
no.of issue published between 2006-2012 (12)issue



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Contact info

E-mail: kujss@uokirkuk.edu.iq
site: www.uokiruk.edu.iq/kujss

Table of content: 2016 volume:11 issue:4

Article
Detection of enterococci ability to produce bacteriocin and evalution of it,s inhibition effect on some bacteria
الكشف عن قابلية جراثيم المكورات المعوية على انتاج البكتريوسين وتقييم تأثيره على منع نمو بعض الجراثيم

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Abstract

The study was conducted for detection of bacteriocin production ability in isolates of enterococcus spp in urine sample by disc assay method . results showed all isolates of E. faecium and some of E.faecalis have the ability to produce bacteriocin . these bacteriocines showed high inhibitory effect against gram positive bacteria than gram negative.


Article
Geotechnical Properties of Soil from Selected Sites in Dijlah Area Sallah Al-deen Government/Northern Iraq
الخواص الجيوتكنيكية للتربة من مواقع مختارة في ناحية دجلة/محافظة صلاح الدين/شمال العراق

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Abstract

This study aims to find Geotechnical properties for soil in the Dijlah Area, (7) samples were taken from wells located in the area, according to the size analysis and the plasticity limits tests of that most soils are Silty soil of inorganic low plasticity of the type (ML) and the other sample (CL -ML). The results of chemical analysis showed that the percentage of gypsum ranged between (0.30% - 40.65%) and (T.D.S.) ranged between (56.14%-0.90%) that the high rates cause geometric problems on buildings and structures, While the proportion of organic matter (0.30% -0.95%) and pH values between (7.80–7.9), a somewhat acceptable values. The values of the moisture content of the soils ranged from (0.5% -3.0%) and the presence of gypsum and a collection of sample in the month of September clear effect on those values and may impact adversely on the Voids ratio and compression index, and cause in reducing the values of Cohesion and Internal Friction angle of the soil, Compression index values shown the high compressibility of soil, and the values of the Swelling index indication that the Swelling ratio is low. Soil was evaluated according to the values of the study area (O.C.R.) As excessive consolidation soil . Results showed that the X-ray diffraction test of non-clay minerals are predominant (Calcite, quartz, feldspar) and either clay minerals are (Montmorillonite, Illte, Kaolinite and Palygoroskite ( .


Article
Preparation one of prodrug and study its effect on some biochemical parameters at blood serum
تحضير دواء مصاحب واحد ودراسة تأثيره على بعض المتغيّرات الكيموحيوية في مصل الدم

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Abstract

This study included synthesis of Tri [2(4-isobuty phenyl) propionyl ] glycerate afforded by reaction of Glycerol with Ibuprofen. The purification of the synthesized derivative was established by (TLC) and column chromatography while the structure suggesting was confirmed by ( FTIR ، 1H-NMR ) and the result obtained given good evidence for structure proposed to their compound and using through the study groups , and take (36) rabbits proximate in the weight and divided into four groups contain of (9) rabbits . the first group used as acontrol group and the second group dosed with synthesized compound ( 50 mg/kg ) and the third group dosed with the solvent used (DMSO) ,and the fourth group dosed with Ibuprofen drugs. After (3)hours from doses withdrawal blood sample and serum was isolated and Conducted study By biochemical and enzymatic variables. Variables included measurement enzyme activity following (Cholinesterase(ChE) were also measured the concentration of each of the (Total fucose, Fucose bounded protein,Hexoses bounded protein ) statistical data analysis: revealed signification increase in the activity of Cholinesterase ، signification increase in level total fucose,Protein bounded fucose , and signification decrease in level concentration protein bounded Hexoses ,and signification increase in level concentration , and this study included the hydrolysis of compound at different pH(acidic and basic) and the results showed that the compound hydrolyzed at basic medium faster than acidic medium.


Article
Effects of temperature, alkaline catalysts and molar ratio of alcohol to oil on the efficiency of production biodiesel from castor oil
تأثير درجة الحرارة ونوع العامل المحفز القاعدي والنسبة المولية للكحول الى الزيت على كفاءة انتاج وقود الديزل الحيوي من زيت الخروع

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Abstract

In this research we studied the production of biodiesel from castor oil and the effect of temperature, molar ratio and catalyst type on biodiesel production efficiency. Transesterification of castor oil was used to production biodiesel. Transesterification reaction was studied at different molar ratio of methanol: oil from 6:1, 1:6.5, 1:7, 1:9, 1:12 to 15:1, at 65 °C, reaction time up to 120 minutes and fixed amount of catalyst (1 wt.% KOH). The Conversion efficiency was 97% when using the ratio of alcohol to oil 1: 7 ratio Molar. The potassium hydroxide better than sodium hydroxide in the esterificationreactions with using methanol. Because sodium hydroxide having difficulty soluble in methanol alcohol. As for the reaction temperature, the best temperature is 65 ° C , efficiently convert up to 97%. As for 60 ° C and 70 ° C conversion efficiency was 89.5% and 91.4%, respectively.


Article
Effect of Heat Treatment on the Bulk Etch Rate Activation Energy of CR-39 Detector
تأثير المعالجة الحرارية في طاقة تنشيط معدل القشط العام لكاشف CR-39

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the effect of heat treatment on the bulk etch rate activation energy (EB) of the nuclear track detector CR-39 at thermal heating of 145 °C for 20 min . An aqueous solution of KOH with normality (3,5,7,9) N and temperature (50,60,70,80) °C have been used to each the detector for 2h . The bulk etch rate activation energy (EB) for unheated detectors was about (0.284, 0.274, 0.327, 0.303) eV and for heated detectors ( B a E ) was (0.227, 0.246, 0.249, 0.301) eV for etching normalities (3,5,7,9) N respectively . It has been observed that the activation energy does not depend so much on the normality and temperature of the etchant solution . The activation energy rate for unheated detectors was E eV B  0 .297 and for heated detectors was E eV B a  0 .255 .


Article
Studying the Effect of Dairy Wastewater on the Properties of Gypsum Soil and the Variation in the Wastewater Characteristi
دراسة تأثير مياه مخلفات الالبان على خصائص التربة الجبسية والتغاير في خصائص تلك المخلفات

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Abstract

Industrial wastewaters are the serious problems which nowadays effect the environment, the process of treat them as well as the disposal of their negative impacts are numerous and different. The access of these industrial residuals to the soil by any way will attain the soil safety and their properties changing and consequently the safety of structures constructed or will be constructed on such soil is the major subject of researchers .This study dealt with the influence of disposed industry wastewater on chemical and engineering properties of the soil by soaking soils specimens with samples of this water, also this study includes the effect of gypseous soil as an infiltration medium on the chemical properties of dairy wastewater, which infiltrated through a column of gypseous soil .It was transported gypseous soil samples from Tikrit region with gypsum content at (31.68%) , where this research contain two stages, the first one contains soaking these gypseous soil samples in basin of dairy wastewater for (15, 30 & 60) days. At the end of each period, the soil samples taken for conducted the engineering and chemical tests.The second stage is summarized by leaching the dairy wastewater through soil column, tests were conducted (specific gravity, Atterberg limits, compaction, shear strength parameters, consolidation, collapse, gypsum content, total soluble salts, organic maters and pH) also it was conducted for leaching dairy wastewater .The results showed the soil exposed to soaking were changes in soil and infiltrated wastewater properties, In regards to the impact of soil on the infiltrated wastewater characteristics it was showed where leaching periods increased, the pH value for dairy wastewater reduced also the COD, phosphate PO4 and nitrates NO3 , while the values of chlorides CL and sulphates SO4 were increased .


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Mannich base Derivative from benzotriazole
تحضير وتشخيص قواعد مانخ المشتقة من البنزوترايازول

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Abstract

This study include prepared number of new Mannich bases derived from equivalent moles p-hydroxybenzaldehyde with equivalent moles from benzotriazole and primary amines in the ethanol as a solvent. The prepared Mannich bases were characterized by the infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance for proton and carbon-13 (1H NMR and 13C-{1H} NMR). And the completing of the reaction was checking by using TLC.


Article
COMPARISON METHOD PROCESS CAPABILITY INDICES FOR NORMAL AND NON-NORMAL DATA BY USE SIMULATING.
مقارنة طرق مؤشرات قابليةِ العمليةِ للنمط الطبيعي وغير الطبيعي للبيانات باستخدام المحاكاة

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Abstract

In quality control assume that the distribution of their process output is normal. The definition and estimation of (pci) indices are usually based on the assumption that the production process under normal distribution. But, in most practical cases this assumption is not valid and the distribution of the quality characteristics may follow non-normal distributions such as Weibull ,Lognormal , and Exponential distribution). One can see the difference between the non-normal process capability indices and the normal process capability indices by overlooking its theoretical distributions .This paper provides a decision on how to calculate the process capability indices for normal and find process capability indices another step transformation data by (Box – Cox( and Johnson transformation and comparison between two methods.


Article
Synthesis of Some substituted (Pyrazolines) Derived From Benzotriazole
تحضير بعض (البايرازولينات) المعوضة المشتقة من البنزوترايازول

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Abstract

In this paper , a number of heterocyclic compounds with five-memberd pyrazolines were prepared , the ester compound (1) was synthesized from the reaction of benzotriazole with ethyl chloroacetate , the hydrazide (2) was prepared from the reaction of ester (1) with hydrazine hydrate , benzelidene acetone (9-3) was prepared from the reaction of condensation aldol , from the reaction one mole from acetone with tow mole from different benzaldehyde in sodium hydroxide as alkalinity , after that pyrazolines ring was prepared from reaction with Di benzelidene acetone from benzotriazole hydrazine acetate in sodium hydroxide (16-10) , these compound were studied and identified by physical and spectral methods .


Article
Spectrophotometric Determination of Tetracycline, in pharmaceutical formulations by oxidative coupling
التقدير الطيفي للتتراسايكلين في المستحضــــــرات الصيدلانية بالاقتران التأكســـــدي

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Abstract

This research includes the development of spectrophotometric method for determination of Tetracycline via oxidative coupling with the N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylene diamine reagent in presence of oxidizing agentN-Bromosuccinimide in the alkaline medium oxidation time 15 min to form a colored-dye violet, which dissolved in water and showed the highest intensity of absorption at λmax 552nm, the method has been obeyed Beer's Law in the concentration range (10-32μg. ml-1), with molar absorptivity of 10579 L. mol-1. Cm-1, Sandel Index value 0.0454 μg. cm-2, the detection limited 0.329 μg. ml-1, with correlation coefficient 0.9942 , the relative standard deviation of the method does not exceed 0.302% the proposed method was applied successfully for the determination of Tetracycline Hydrochloride on pharmaceutical preparation by both the direct and standard addition methods for three concentrations, the recovery ranged between 98.8-102.71%. the evaluations of results of this method was a achieved applying t and F tests. The results showed that there is no significant difference between the proposed and standard method, and thus the proposed method is of good validity for the determination Tetracycline in its pharmaceutical preparations


Article
Preparation and diagnosis some heterocyclic compounds that derived from 1,3,4 – Thiadiazole compound derived from 1,3,4 – Thiadiazole compound
تحضير وتشخيص بعض المركبات الحلقية غير المتجانسة المشتقة من حلقة 41,3,- ثايادايازول

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Abstract

This search included synthesis of some heterocyclic compounds devired from 1,3,4- thiadiazol ring ,such as thaiazolidin -4-one substituents Azetidine -3- one and Azo dyes. These compounds were aprepard from Shiff bases loaded on thiazdiazol ring, These bases have been treated with Aniline substituents in presence of pyrididine as a catalyst to give azo dyes , thioglycolic acid to produce thiazolidine -4- one in presence of ZnCl2 as catalyst and finally with chloroacetylchloride to produce Azetidine-3-one in presence of tryethylamine as a catalyst. The prepared compounds were identifie by physical properties and IR,H1-NMR Spectroscopy.


Article
Use of poly acryl amide Corrosion inhibitors for the C-Steel L80 in acid medium
في وسط حامضي (C-Steel L80استخدام البولي اكريل امايد كمثبط تآكل لل (

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Abstract

This study included the use of poly acryl amide as corrosion inhibitor of the C-Steel in 50ml of 15% HCl were used five different weights (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5) gm of polymer to obtain different concentrations of the inhibitor and from weight lost in different temperature and times were obtained the inhibitor efficiency and covered surface area with polymer and then calculated the thermodynamic constants. It was noted that in increase of time and temperatures increases corrosion. The highest efficiency of the inhibitor has been recorded at the time of 3 hours and a temperature of 40 ℃.


Article
Isolate the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa from different clinical samples and study the effect of pyocyanin pigments of some pathogenic bacterial
عزل بكتريا الزوائف الزنجارية من عينات سريرية مختلفة ودراسة تأثير صبغة البايوسيانين على بعض الجراثيم المرضية

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Abstract

Three hundred clinical sample were collected from patients admitted and comers to (Azadi Teaching, Kirkuk General, kidsGeneral) hospitals, 140 sample from females with percentage (46.6%) and 160 sample frommale (53.3%), and through it found that 24 samples with percentage (17.14%) represented positive for bacterial growth in females and 26 samples with(16.25%) represented positive bacterial growth of male cases. The ability of Pseudo. aeruginosa to produce pyocyanin on various media were show that 43 clinical isolates of Pseudo.aeruginosa (86%) produced pyocyanin on two media (Nutrient agar, Muller hinton agar) and 15 (30%) produced the pigment on Macconky agar and 24 isolates (48%) on blood agar. While the effect of pyocyanin pigment on the growth of different pathogenic bacterial isolates the results showed that a gram positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus was more sensitive to the pyocyanin pigment than gram negative bacteria (E.coli, klebsiella pneumonia) when grown on Nutrient agar or Muller hinton agar.


Article
Bacteriological study of Haemophilus influenzae isolated from chronic tonsillitis in children under six year in Kirkuk city .
دراسة البكتريولوجية ﻟHaemophilus influenzae المعزولة من التهاب اللوزتين المزمن في الاطفال دون السادسة من العمر في مدينة كركوك.

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This study done to investigate the role of H.influenzae and other bacterial types which cause chronic tonsillitis in children below six years of age , (120) clinical samples were collected , Included (60) samples from surface tonsiles and (60) samples from core tonsils, In the period from December 2014 to April 2015 attending Azadi teaching hospital and general Kirkuk hospital in Kirkuk city, 147 different bacterial isolation were obtained which showed positive for bacteriological culture. The result showed obvicus differences in bacterial species between surface throat and core swabs and the most common isolates was : Streptococcus spp. which came at first order (54) isolates (36.73%) , And Staphylococcus spp. came secondly with (45) (30.61%). Haemophilus spp. Which came in third order with (18) (12.24%), And Pseudomonas spp. With (14) (9.52%), And Proteus spp.with (12) (8.16%), And Klebsiella spp. With(4) (2.72%). The result showed infection with chronic tonsillitis in males about 60% and in the females 40% , The serotyping results appears that H.ifluenzae type (Hib) was common 81.81% , but Biotyping results (III,I) was more common types 33.33%. H.influenzae isolates exhibit high resistance to the antibiotics Ampicillin, Gentamycin, Erythromycin, Tetracyclin, Amoxicillin, Co-trimeexazole, Piperacillin and Cephalothin, while appeared highly sensitive to antibiotics Cefotaxime, Chloramphenicol, Ciprofloxacin, Azithromycin, Imipenem and Ceftriaxone,The study showed inhibitory effect of Water extracts (Thuja- pomegranate peel, garlic) on the growth of bacteria H.influenzae.


Article
A simplified map of natural radioactivity for Mosul city
خريطة مبسطة للنشاط الاشعاعي الطبيعي لمدينة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the present study is to determine the natural radioactivity levels for radon gas in selected samples of some of the environmental elements in the Mosul city of (soil, plant and water) and making map of natural radioactivity for Mosul city using Geographic Information System technique. The concentration of (222Rn) and (238U) at twelve different regions in Mosul have been estimated using nuclear track detector (CR-39). The obtained results were entered to the computer in digital form, and it has been connected to data entered and stored by geographic coordinates with their spatial location using Geographic Information System (GIS). Later on the ArcGIS 10.2.1 Desktop, Erdas9.2 to produce the final maps from the study site. The obtained results show that the lowest concentration of uranium and radon were found to be: in the Soil sample in Hai 17 tammuz and it is (1.590168 ppm) of uranium and (27324281×103 Bq.m-3) for radon in the air space of the chambers, and it is (17375193×105 Bq.m-3) for radon concentration in the samples; in the plant sample in Hai 17 tammuz, and (0.393860 ppm) of uranium and (17264353×103 Bq.m-3) for radon in the air space of the chambers and (17144468×105 Bq.m-3) radon concentration in the samples; in the water sample in Hai Al Ekhaa, and it is (17142:357 ppm) of uranium and (171397163×103 Bq.m-3) for radon in the air space of the chambers, and (171149:28×105 Bq.m-3) for radon concentration in the samples. The highest concentrations were found to be: in the soil sample in Hai Al moalmen, (2.704451 ppm) of uranium or (37184994 ×103 Bq.m-3) for radon in the air space of the chambers (17562553×105 Bq.m-3) for radon concentration in the samples ; in the plant sample in Hai Al moalmen, (1796326: ppm) of uranium or (17448244×103 Bq.m-3) for radon in the air space of the chambers (17184498×105 Bq.m-3) for Radon concentration in the samples; in the water sample in Hai Al Faroooq (171954834 ppm) of uranium or (171866::7×103 Bq.m-3) for radon in the air space of the chambers ( 17121396×105 Bq.m-3) for radon concentration in the samples. Almost of these values are allowed globally and their impact on health and the environment is not significant. But the important thing that were able to use the Geographic Information System program to draw the map of natural radiation in Mosul city as a mean for radioactivity monitoring periodically updated.


Article
Study of some virulence factors of Burkholderia pseudomallei isolated from Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk City. 2
دراسة بعض عوامل ضراوة بكتريا Burkholderia pseudomallei المعزولة من مستشفى آزادي التعليمي في محافظة كركوك.

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This study was conducted in order to identify virulence factors of the bacteria possessed by the bacteria Burkholderia pseudomallie, which isolated from lobbies and lounges Azadi Teaching Hospital, (200) sample were collected from lounges of operations (General surgeries - catheter operations - surgery (ENT) operations of eyes and women's obstetrics surgery) and lounges (internists – surgical – emergency – burns and women's) from the period of (December --2 014) to (April -2015), The isolated bacteria ratio (15.584%), Tested a number of virulence factor of Burkholderia pseudomallei, which been tested included ( β- Lactamase enzyme - Capsule – Gelatenase enzyme - protease enzyme – Leicithenase enzyme - Lipase enzym - adhesion factor - the presence of Pili - biofilm - decomposition of blood (Heamolysin) and The rate of bacterial isolates Burkholderia pseudomallei produced this factors(33.333- 100- 50- 41.666- 41.666-41.666-100-75-100-66.666%) respectively, The current study concluded that all the isolate at lest possess four virulence factor from the studied factors.


Article
The effect of some sulfur containing compounds on biochemical profiles of broiler chickens infected with Coccidiosis
تأثير بعض المركبات الحاوية على الكبريت في الصفات الكيموحيوية لدم فراخ فروج اللحم المصابة بداء الأكريات

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The present study was conducted on broiler chickens ( at day 21 age ) which were infected by oral administration with Eimeria tenella oocyst suspension containing (1 × 10 5) oocyst / chick . Broiler chickens were divided Randomly into nine groups (10 chickens per each group) and were watched during the first and second weeks after infection The results revealed that the infected chickens clinically showed dullness and Anorexia . Microscopically , There were haemorrhagic inflammation , haemorrhagic spots on the intestine and in addition to congestion and enlargement of the caecal tonsils . The study was also included the supplementation of broiler chicken by methionine , choline and anticoccidials (Amprolium and Diclazuril) at day 9 post infection and it continues for 12 days .The results revealed that no significant differences in plasma glucose , cholesterol , triglyceride and high density lipoprotein level were observed whereas , significant decrease in the level of uric acid , aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity and also significant increase in the level of plasma protein and albumin were evident in treating groups as compared with control . This may be due to high total protein concentration in the blood serum as there is evidence to suggest the existence of inverse proportion between the total protein concentration and activity of enzymes GOT and GPT in serum and may result in adding amino acids to the diet to reduce the body's need to create energy from sources protein and then reduce the activity of enzymes (ALT) and (AST).


Article
Spectrophotometric Determination of chlorpromazineHydrochloride in Pharmaceutical Preparations by Oxidative coupling reaction
التقدير الطيفي للكلوربرومازين هيدروكلورايد في المستحضرات الصيدلانية بواسطة تفاعل الاقتران ألتأكسدي

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A simple , rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of microgram amounts of chlorpromazine Hydrochloride drug in aqueous solution is described. The method is based on the oxidative coupling reaction between chlorpromazine hydrochloride and N,N – dimethyl-p- phenylenediaminedihydrochloride (DMPD) in the presence of sodium periodate and hydrochloric acid to form an intense red colored product with maximum absorption at 525 nm . Beer's law is obeyed over the concentration range of(4-34) μg.ml-1 with moler absorptivity of 9.239x103 l. mol-1. Cm-1 and sandell's sensitivity of 0.038 μg.cm-2 . The method does not resort to temperature control or to solvent extraction . The optimum conditions for all color development are described and the proposed method has been successfully applied for the determination of chlorpromazine Hydrochloride in bulk drug and pharmaceutical preparations (Largactil drug).

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