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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: 13 العدد: 4 - part 1

Article
Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry Elemental Analysis of 65 Elements, 11 Oxides and Preparation of Catalyst in Iris Postii Mouterde
تحليل 65 عنصرا و 11 من أكاسيد وتحضير العوامل المحفزة من نبات (Iris Postii ) بأستخدام التقنيتين البلازما المحتثة المقترن-الامتصاص الذرى الانبعاثي و البلازما المحتثة المقترن- طيف الكتلة

المؤلفون: Ahmed Anwar Amin
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Iris postii Mouterde, belonging to family Iridaceae is distributed in Kurdistan region/Iraq. The present study aimed to analyze the content of 65 elements (major and minor elements) Ag, Al, As, Au, B, Ba, Be, Bi, Ca, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, Fe, Ga, Gd, Ge, Hf, Hg, Ho, In, K, La, Li, Lu, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Pd, Pr, Pt, Rb, Re, S, Sb, Sc, Se, Sm, Sn, Sr, Ta, Tb, Te, Th, Ti, Tl, Tm, U, V, W, Y, Yb, Zn and Zr from roots and arial parts of Iris postii by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) techniques after microwave digestion and determination of 11 oxides SiO2, Fe2O3, CaO, MgO, Na2O, K2O, Cr2O3, K2O, TiO2, MnO, P2O5, SrO and BaO by ICP-AES for the first time. Micromesoporous catalyst was hydrothermally synthesized by Tetra propyl ammonium hydroxide (TPAOH), Silicon dioxide (SiO2) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Results show some elements, Iron (Fe), Barium (Ba), Manganese (Mn), Zinc (Zn), Strontium (Sr) and Boron (B) are present in the roots and aerial parts in a significant amount. Among them Fe has the highest concentration (340 ppm) and (1130 ppm) in the roots and aerial parts of Iris postii respectively, on the other hand, Ba (85.3 ppm, 28.8 ppm), Mn (57.4 ppm, 19.4 ppm), Zn (29.2 ppm, 25.7 ppm), Sr (27.7 ppm, 16.95 ppm) and B (26 ppm, 14 ppm) are essential elements of the roots and aerial parts respectively.


Article
Study the Histopathological Changes and Bacteriological Causes of Natural Infection of the Livers in Sheep at Diyala Province
دراسة التغيرات النسيجية – المرضية والمسببات البكتيرية للعدوى الطبيعية للكبد بالأغنام في محافظة ديالى

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الخلاصة

His study was conducted to explore bacterial infection, in addition to pathological (grossly and microscopically ) changes in liver of sheep in Diyala province, samples( blood and livers tissue) of 200 sheep were taken from butchers and slaughtered house at Diyala province. Blood sample were collected by jugular veins using sterile plain tubes, labeled according to the neck tag of animals and taken to laboratory (Ministry Science and Technology and General Baquba Hospital), Hematological study which involve Hb and PCV parameters were done, while Serum was separated from coagulated blood sample by centrifugation for measuring some parameters assay related to liver enzyme which include: ALT, AST, Total bilirubin and total protein. The results of current study revealed the bacterial infection which are Staphylococcus(15%), E.coli (15%), Streptococcus (12%), Proteus (7%) ,and Pseudomonas (6%) ), It was manifested by liver abscess , hemorrhagic, necrosis and inflammation. AST enzyme decreased in the E.coli (221+5.81 ),while increase in Staphylococcus (205+7.80), while ALT enzyme decreased in E.coli (48.03+5.89), The total bilirubin which are increased in Staphylococcus (1.3 + 0.23), while the total bilirubin which are decreased in E.coli (1.3±0.23).


Article
A Comparison between Harris and FAST - Corner Detection of Noisy Images Using Adaptive Non-Local Means
مقارنة بين هاريس و فاست للكشف عن الزاوية للصور التي تحتوي على الضوضاء باستخدام وسائل التكيف غير المحلية

المؤلفون: Ahmed Abdulmunem Hussein احمد عبد المنعم حسين
الصفحات: 23-38
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الخلاصة

In this paper a comparison between Harris and FAST (Features from Accelerated Segment Test) corner detection has been presented that is track features within a noisy images where it is a challenging task in the field of image processing. As long as noisy image does not give the desired results in corner detection, de-noising is required. Adaptive non-local means are applied for salt and pepper, Gaussian and speckle noise before applying corner detection. FAST corner detection outperformed Harris in detecting actual and exact number of corners and more robust to noise than Harris, the obtained results shown a good satisfaction in this study especially in the numbers of real detected corners.


Article
Detection of, cagA and vacA Helicobacter pylori Virulence Genes in Gastric Biopsies of Patients with Gastroduodenal Disease using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Technique
التحري عن جينات ضراوة البكتريا الحلزونية ureA, cagA and vacA في خزعات نسيجة من معدة مصابين بأمراض المعدة والاثني عشر باستخدام تقنية تفاعل الكوثرة (PCR)

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الخلاصة

The objective of current study was to detect the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori by identifying 16SrDNA and to determine the virulence genes (ureA, cagA and vacA) in biopsy specimens from patients suffering gastroduodenal disease using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Forty samples were obtained by gastroenterologists during endoscopy from gastric antral of suspected individual attending endoscopy unit at Baqubah Teaching Hospital, Diyala, Iraq, during the period from September 2015 to February 2016. According to the endoscopic finding the patients were allocated into four groups of gastroduodenal diseases and control, which include gastritis (GS), duodenal ulcer (DU), gastric ulcer (GU), gastric cancer (GC), their rates were 30% (12), 20% (8), 17.5% (7), 7.5% (3) and 25% (10), respectively. DNA was extracted from the biopsies and subsequently used for PCR detection of H. pylori and the virulence genes using specific primers. The results shows that 60% of samples were positive for H. pylori, of these positive samples, 91,66%, 66.66%, and 48.83%, were shown to have the virulence genes, ureA, cagA, and vacA, respectively. It is important to mention that cagA shown the highest prevalence rate in gastric cancer cases in comparison with vacA gene. further studies are required to study the link between cagA gene and gastroduodenal diseases. In conclusion the result of present study provide important information concerning the prevalence of virulence genes of H. pylori.


Article
Generating Pattern from Image using Genetic Algorithm as Invisible Watermark
توليد نمط من الصورة باستخدام الخوارزمية الجينية كعلامة مائية غير مرئية

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الخلاصة

Digital watermarking is a technique that embedded watermark in a different types of digital contents such that video, audio, and image to preservation these contents from reproduction or unauthorized copying. There are many mechanisms that contrived to optimized the robustness and imperceptible, newly genetic algorithm become very general in the area of artificial intelligence because their evolution naturally and their specially importance for improvement in several domains. This paper is proposed a trail system that embedded a unique pattern generated from image used as a watermark and embed this pattern in the original cover image instead of embedding the whole watermarking image inside the cover image. This pattern is 64-bit generated using genetic algorithm and selected after passing the five randomness test of security measures. This pattern is embedding in the main diagonal of the cover image and the result the watermarked image is imperceptible without any tamper, and the pattern that is generated is unique and robust enough so it's generated secure communication between sender and receiver.


Article
The Ecological Response of Medicinal Plant Watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br. ( Brassicaceae)) to Different Sources of Water in Different Times
الاستجابة البيئية للنبات الطبي جرجير الماء (كوزه له) Nasturtium officinale (Brassicaceae) لمصادر مختلفة من المياه باوقات مختلفة

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الخلاصة

This study investigated the watercress (Nasturtium officinale) belongs to Brassicaceae grown at Reshen area where is located in Halabja - Iraqi Kurdistan Region, to investigate the effect of different sources of water in different collection times on the Phenotypic (morphological characters) and content of the chemical compounds of plants which studied which illustrate the comparative of minerals which exist in clear and polluted water and also exist in the vegetative and the root parts of collection of watercress (Nasturtium officinale), which are growing in this area. The results have shown; watercress obtained from clear water in both times are healthy more than polluted water. A large amount of nutrient variability were observed in measured traits, the measured traits showed significant variations across the two sources of water and plants collection time distribution and there were the significant difference in measured traits at two different sources of water chemically (i.e., Ca, N, and Fe). polluted water in two times (first and second times), caused increasing vegetative fresh weight and root, dry vegetative and root parts, branch number, plant height significantly. The result shows that plant from polluted water in second collection time had a better response than other treatments, but it's not healthy.


Article
Study of Physical Properties of CdO Thin Film Prepared by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis Technique

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الخلاصة

In this research, cadmium oxide thin films were deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis technique on the glass substrate at 350℃ with thickness about (185) µm which calculated by interference fringe. The (XRD) measurements exhibit that the CdO films are polycrystalline with cubic crystal structure and many peaks (200), (202), (311), (222) and with preferential orientation along (111) plane. The surface morphology and roughness of the samples was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The optical properties measure in the (UV –VIS), wavelength range (400-800) nm shows that the energy Gap is (2.3) eV and the optical transmittance of CdO films is about 88%. . The carrier's concentrations, Mobility Of cadmium oxide Thin film was calculated using Hall Effect measurements, Hall mobility display that cadmium oxide thin film is n-type semiconductor films. The D.C conductivity results shows that the CdO films have two values of activation energy as a result of polycrystalline structure of CdO film


Article
Approximation of Unbounded Functions by Trigonometric Polynomials
تقريب الدوال الغير مقيدة بواسطة متعددات الحدود المثلثية

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الخلاصة

The purpose of this paper is present a brief survey of know on estimates the rate for best approximation of unbounded functions by suitable trigonometric polynomials of one variable in weighted space L_(p,α) (X). Moreover we studied concerning the degree of best trigonometric approximation of f^((k)) with k non-integer in L_(p,α) (X).


Article
Detection of Cytomegalovirus Infection in Pre-Marital Women in Al-Khalis City
تشخيص الفيروس المضخم للخلايا في النساء المقبلات عللى الزواج في الخالص

المؤلفون: Raghad Ibrahim Ahmed رغد ابراهيم احمد
الصفحات: 117-125
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الخلاصة

The study group included 100 blood samples pre-marital women in Diyala / Al-Khalis, form the period from 1/10/2015 to 1/4/2016, the blood sample of women without any clinical evidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and free from infected by HIV .we were screened for the presence of IgG and IgM antibodies against CMV by strip test.The IgG antibodies were detected in 10%, while the IgM antibodies were detected in (6%). The sero negative (control) was (90%) for IgG and (94%) for IgM. Rising in seropositivity was observed in young women in age group (25-30years) for both IgG and IgM, Seroprevalence of CMV was more in women from urban area IgG (80%), IgM(83%) with no significant result. Most of the women have higher education rising to 90% for IgG and 100% for IgM.


Article
Preparation, Characterization and Photo Study of Di (Meta-Hydroxyl Acetone Phenome) Ethylene Di Amine Cobalt (II) Complexes in Organic Solvents
تحضير وتشخيص ودراسة ضوئية للمعقد الثنائي ( ميتا – هيدروكسيل اسيتو فينون ) اثلين ثنائي امين الكوبلت الثنائي في مذيبات عضوية

المؤلفون: Alaa Aisa Sultan الاء عيسى سلطان
الصفحات: 126-136
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الخلاصة

Preparation of Schiff base tetra dentate ligand (bis (m-hydroxy aceto phenone) ethylene di amine). Cobalt (II) complex was prepared with (H) Ligand. Both Ligand and it`s complex were characterized by using FTIR, Uv-visible, Molar conductivity, Kinetic study for the photo chemical study was achieved for the prepared complex by using different polar organic solvent (Di methyl sulfoxide, Chloroform, carbon tetra chloride) by using source of mono wave length (λ =365nm) at 25 ̊C). Order of photo reaction were calculated which showed that reaction was from the first order at the same time the Kd of photo reaction was computed by follow up spectral changes through photo radiation process. Kd value increased by increasing of solvent polarity.


Article
A Proposed Data Stream Clustering Method for Detecting Anomaly Events in Crowd Scene Surveillance videos
طريقة جديدة لعنقدة دفق البيانات لتمييز الحالات الشاذة للمشاهد المزدحمة في فديوات المراقبة

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الخلاصة

In this research, a new data stream clustering method utilizing seed based region growing technique is implemented to perform abnormal event detection in anomaly detection system in a new data stream clustering method used in abnormal detection system. This is done by applying HARRIS or FAST detectors on the frames of video clips in two publically available datasets. The first UCSD pedestrian dataset (ped1 and ped2 datasets), and the second VIRAT video dataset system to extract list of pairs of interest points. From these pairs a list of features such as: distance, direction, x-coordinate, y-coordinate obtained to use as an input to the new clustering method. This method in using HARRIS detector achieves detection rates about (9.09%, 52.17%, 61.67%), and the false alarm rates are (18.79%, 36.09%, 66.67%) by using Ped1, Ped2, and VIRAT datasets respectively. For the case of using FAST detector, the best- achieved detection rates are (7.88%, 46.09%, 58.33%), and the false alarms are (21.21%, 40.87%, 63.33%) by using the three previously mentioned benchmarks respectively.


Article
Implemented a Facial Recognition Based on Fractal Coding and Quadtree Techniques
تمثيل تميز الوجة البشري باعتماد تقنيتي ترميزالكسوريات والشجرة الرباعية

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الخلاصة

The research aims to design and implement a hybrid algorithm through a combination of fractal coding and quad tree algorithms to build revealed the identity of persons through the recognition of the human characteristics for the destination system. The work is implemented through two phases the first phase is detection phase (Training Phase), to discover information of skin complexion and stored them in the database, some critical coefficient parameters are extracted and stored in coding file like Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR), offset bits, Scale bits, mean absolute error (MAE), width and height of the cutting face these coefficient parameters are computed based on coding fractal scheme algorithm.The second phase is the stage of recognition of persons. It is carried out through matching extracted information in the discrimination phase with the information stored in the database in the detection phase. At the stage of discrimination, quad tree algorithm is used as an algorithm searching and matching at the same time in order to accelerate the matching process in both phases as a solution to the problem (wasted time) faced by the fractal algorithm. The work is implemented on color images, with various directions images (forward, 10o, 15o, 20o, 25o, 30o, 35o) the database has been trained on a standard database (MIT) as well as through the images in real time. Experimental results proved that the speedup matching between image faces stored and their information in the database and the image faces want to distinguish them was very high (0.0 1sec), and the accuracy ranged matching between (89% -92%) .


Article
Preparation of Ferrimagnetics-Ferroelectrics Composites and Studying Their Microwave Characteristics at X-Band Region
تحضير متراكبات)فيريمغناطيسية-فيروكهربائية) ودراسة خصائصه المايكروية ضمن النطاق السيني

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الخلاصة

M-type barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19) was prepared using sol-gel auto combustion method which represents substantial magnetic materials and utilized as microwave absorbers. In addition barium titanate powder was prepared using conventional ceramic method as ferroelectric material. XRD tests showed that the ferrite possess hexagonal structure and barium titanate has tetragonal structure. The constituents then mixed with different ratios and dissipated in the epoxy-resin as the sticky and fixed medium. Microwave absorbing characteristic studied within X-band region using VNA (Vector Network Analyzer). The complex permittivity and permeability were calculated using Nicolson- Ross- Weir (NRW) method. Maximum reflection loss was -36.83dB at 9.125GHz observed for the samples A1:3 (ferrite: barium titanate) the ratio equal 1:3 due to good matching between the relative permeability and relative permittivity ,likewise the absorbing properties increases with the concentration of Barium hexaferrite in composite materials because it appeared absorption resonance frequency at 11.025 GHz.


Article
Evaluation Zinc, Copper and Iron Concentrations in Children with Beta- Thalassemia Major in Diyala Province
تقدير تراكيز الزنك ,النحاس والحديد في الأطفال المصابين بمرض بيتا ثلاسيميا الكبرى في محافظة ديالى

المؤلفون: Wafaa Sh. Al-Zuhairi وفاء شمخي الزهيري
الصفحات: 196-207
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الخلاصة

Some previous studies were inducted condition of a deficiency of zinc and its relation with a change in serum concentration of copper and iron in the thalassemic patients. The goal of our study was to evaluated zinc, copper, and iron serum level in children whom have beta-thalassemia major. In this study, we took 52 cases all of them were children between one year to15 years. Where 41 cases have beta thalassemia major and 11 cases are control group. The patients were covered by Al-Batol hospital and they have been evaluated for zinc, copper, and iron serum levels. The determination of serum for zinc and copper were achieved by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Where serum iron was measured by cobas integra 400 plus. The study was done from August 2015, to June 2016. Serum zinc level was lower in thalassemia patients (49.90 ± 38.13μg/d) than control group (65.00 ± 12.03μg/dl). Comparing the level of copper in patients (101.57 ± 37.03μg/dl) and controls (150.77± 37.03μg/dl), we found the copper levels in patients was lower. The level of serum iron (32.81 ± 9.24 umole/L) on beta thalassemia major, which was statistically higher in comparing to the controls cases (9.33±3.38 umole/L). Serum glucose level was higher in thalassemic patients 5.10 ± 0.08 mmole/L than control group 4.95 ±0.85. Thalassemic patients who had less than70 μg/dl of zinc concentration (hypozincemia) were (82.9%). Thalassemic patients, who had less than 70 μg/dl copper concentration, were (17.07%). The correlation was not significant between zinc and copper of serum concentration and serum level of iron There was no significant relation between serum zinc level of thalassemic patients with weight, glucose and number of blood transfusions (P=0.1). However, there was a significant relation between serum zinc level of thalassemic patients with age and duration time of blood transfusion (P=0.04).This study showed that thalassemic patients commonly have zinc deficiency. While, copper deficiency is found in seven cases. Additional valuation is recommended in this aspect.


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Co (II), Ni (II), Cu (II), and Pd(II) Complexes with Mono Sodium 2,4,6-Trioxotetrahydropyrimidine-1(2H)-Carbodithioate
تحضير و تشخيص معقدات الكوبلت, النيكل, النحاس والبلاديوم بتكافؤهم الثنائي مع 6,4,2 ثلاثي أوكسو رباعي هيدروبيريميدين-1 كاربو ثنائي ثايويت احادي الصوديوم

المؤلفون: Anwar Adil Hameed أنوار عادل حميد
الصفحات: 208-222
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الخلاصة

Mono sodium 2,4,6-trioxotetrahydropyrimidine-1(2H)-carbodithioate (L) was prepared from barbituric acid with carbon disulfide (CS2) in the presence of sodium hydroxide, then reacted with some chloride metals to synthesis a complexes of the types [M (L) Cl (H2O)3], [M (L)2(H2O) 2] and [M(L)2] {M= Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II)}, and [Pd (L)(H2O)2]Cl and[Pd (L)2] . These compounds were characterized using infra-red spectra FTIR, electronic spectra UV–VIS, proton nuclear magnetic resonance 1H-NMR spectroscopy, Micro Elemental Analysis, and Magnetic Measurements.These measurements indicate that the prepared complexes have octahedral, square planer or tetrahedral geometry. Molar Conductance measurements shows all the prepared complexes are non-electrolytic except the palladium complex of the type [Pd(L)(H2O)2]Cl.


Article
Effect of Sodium Chloride on Hematological and Biochemical Profile in Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)
تأثير كلوريد الصوديوم على الصورة الدموية والكيموحيوية في اسماك الكارب الشائع Cyprinus carpio L.))

المؤلفون: Eqbal Salman Najem اقبال سلمان نجم
الصفحات: 223-232
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to examine the effects of different concentrations of sodium chloride (0.1, 6, 9 and 12g/l) on hematological and biochemical picture of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) for 30 days. For this purpose, 80 fish at average weight of (125± 2 g) were randomly distributed into four treatments groups and exposed to four concentrations of sodium chloride treatments with two replicates /treatment (10 fish / replicate) and were fed with pelleted feed at 3% of their body weight twice daily. After 30 days of exposure hematological parameters (Hb, PCV, RBC, MCV, MCH and MCHC), glucose, lactate and total protein were also determined. Hematological and biochemical parameters showed significant increases (P≤ 0.05) with increases sodium chloride concentrations except MCV, MCH and MCHC .The results of this study indicated that hematological and biochemical parameters can be used to evaluate the responses of common carp to different levels of environmental salinity.


Article
Antibiotics Resistance of Isolated Bacteria from Patients with Urinary Tract Infection
مقاومة البكتيريا المعزولة من المرضى المصابين بالتهاب المجاري البولية للمضادات الحيوية

المؤلفون: Abbas Atyia Hammoudi عباس عطية حمودي
الصفحات: 233
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الخلاصة

From the period of March to thirty August 2015, 210 urine samples were collected from patients with signs and symptoms of UTIs with an age range of 20-60 years, who referred to outpatient department of AlKarama teaching hospital, Baghdad. Out of 210 samples of urine 150(71.43%) were positive culture and 50(23.81%) were negative culture while 10 (4.76%) were showed contaminated urine culture. The common isolated bacteria were E. coli 45 (30%), K. pneumonia 33(22%)as Gram negative bacteria respectively, while Gram positive bacteria was Staphylococcus aureus 42(28%). The other bacteria were Enterobacter spp.20 (13.3%), Proteus spp. 6(4%), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa4 (2.7%). Susceptibility testing were used with the following antibiotic disks: Ciprofloxacin, Amikacin, Nitrofurantion, Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazol, Gentamicin, Pipracillin , Nalidixic acid , Tetracycline , Imipenem , Ceftriaxone , and Cefotaxime. The percentage of susceptibility showed variable susceptibility to the antibiotics used. All bacteria showed (100%) susceptible to Imipenem while all bacteria showed (100%) resistant to Tetracycline. Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated bacteria was showed multidrug resistant (MDR); seven antibiotics: Nitrofurantion, Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazol, Pipracillin, Nalidixic acid, Tetracycline, Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime.


Article
Preparation of Starch Grafted Methyl Nadic Anhydride and Substituted with Amino Drug
تحظير نشأ مطعم بالمثل نادك انهدريد وتعويضه بالتريميثوبريم

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الخلاصة

The aim of this work is to improve pharmaceutical and therapeutic drugs to enable delivery to the right place, this format of carries for controlled delivery of therapeutic agent which could Release a small amount of drug over a long period of time, by graft copolymerization of methyl nadic anhydride (MNA) onto starch (M1) ,due to its biodegradable, not harmful, and slow digesting nature . It was carried out by using ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) as an initiator, the graft copolymer was substituted with trimethoprim (M1C) as amino drug, the new prepared drug copolymer was characterized by FTIR, 1H-NMR and UV Spectroscopes. The physical properties were measured. The drug copolymers were prepared, analyzed in various pH values at (37 0C) as in vitro study and the release of controlled drugs was compared through many days analysis.


Article
Estimating the Amount of Uranium Radiation Effect on the Workers in Selected Chemical Factories by Using the Numerical Spline Method
تخمين مقدار تأثير اشعاع اليورانيوم على العاملين في مصانع كيميائية مختارة باستخدام طريقة spline العددية

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to obtain mathematical models for estimating the effect of uranium radiation on the workers in selected chemical factories in terms the number of years of work by using one of the numerical interpolation methods. We used the spline method to estimate the concentration of uranium radiation in urea samples for selected chemical factories for the number of years of work. where the results of the estimation were close to the experiential results. Then we estimated the effect of uranium radiation on workers for the coming years.


Article
Fingerprint Feature Extraction Using Convolution and Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithms
استخراج ميزة بصمة الأصبع باستخدام خوارزمية الالتفاف وأسراب الطيور

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الخلاصة

Most of the existing fingerprint extraction systems are based on the global features and detailed characteristics of fingerprints, which have a weak performance in cases of poor quality fingerprint images, such as the fingerprint image is incomplete. In order to improve recognition accuracy, reliability and quickness to identify the fingerprints a new trend has been opened by using swarm intelligence techniques in biometric field. Therefore, particle swarm optimization techniques (PSO) are used in this paper to build fingerprints authentication system. A fast fingerprint identification method based on the convolution transformation and Particle Swarm Optimization algorithms proposed. The convolution algorithm was used to extract the convolved feature and then found the optimal solution from this feature by using Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm. Experimental results show that, the proposed method has a high efficiency in extracting features from fingerprints, strong strength, and good accuracy for recognition.

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