Table of content

kirkuk university journal for scientific studies

مجلة جامعة كركوك للدراسات العلمية

ISSN: 19920849 26166801
Publisher: Kirkuk University
Faculty: Science
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies (KUJSS) is an official publication of the Faculty of Science at the University of Kirkuk. It was originally published in 2006 with two issues per year. Currently the journal is published every quarter (4 issues a year) since 2013. KUJSS publishes original papers, technical and research papers, in different disciplines (Astronomy, Pure and Applied Physics, Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics & Communication, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mathematical Sciences, Science of Chemistry, Bio-Science Technologies, Earth Sciences, Geo-physics, and Remote Sensing). English and Arabic are the language used. All manuscript submissions must be made through the journal's online manuscript system at online submissions.
The visions, goals, and the mechanisms of our Journal is to publish scientific research sober in the areas of Applied and Pure Sciences and scientific research, scientific interest large to contribute to the development of various disciplines, which provides significant support to researchers in all scientific facilities to continue to support the development plans in Iraq.
Submitted papers will be reviewed by Technical Committees of the Journal. All submitted articles should report original, previously unpublished research results, experimental or theoretical, and will be peer-reviewed. Articles submitted to the journal should meet these criteria and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing.

date of firist issue 2006
no.issue per year(4)
no.of issue published between 2006-2012 (12)issue



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Contact info

E-mail: kujss@uokirkuk.edu.iq
site: www.uokiruk.edu.iq/kujss

Table of content: 2017 volume:12 issue:3

Article
Evaluation of the isolation and identification methods for Helicobacter pylori bacterium, isolated from peptic ulcer patients
تقييم طرائق عزل وتشخيص جرثومة Helicobacter pylori المعزولة من مرضى القرحة المعدية

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This study was evaluated the isolation and identification of H.pylori using conventional methods of histological biopsy for 60 patients with different ages from 10-75 years old for both sexes with stomach and duodenal ulcers using urease test and classical culture. The biopsy samples were collected using laparoscopic. The endoscopy for patients was undergone by a specialist doctor and under local anesthesia and it has also been investigating the bacterial antigen in stool samples of patients with questionable caught the infectious ulcers and adopted phenotypic tests and biochemical diagnosis of the germ. The study showed the efficiency of rapid urease test in screening for H.pylori where the efficiency shown in 41 tissue biopsy and were given the best results in the routine culture where isolated 44 isolates of H.pylori from patients under study. When screening for bacterial antigen exit showed positive results for 34 out of 100 stool samples with proportion 34%.


Article
Hybrid Fuzzy Logic / Bacterial Foraging Voltage Control Of SEPIC D.C – D.C Converter
تهجين المنطق المضبب وتغذية البكتريا للسيطرة على مغير فولتية مستمر SEPIC

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The DC to DC applications are used in many industrial, medical and electronic converters, because of their high efficiency, small size and light weight. In spite of these features, they suffer from several disadvantages such as unregulated output voltage and lack of stability due to the change in input voltage and sudden change in load or system parameters. This paper presents the mathematical model of the SEPIC converter circuit operating in the continuous conduction mode (CCM) in state-space form and the converter circuit output is investigated. Fuzzy Logic controller with manual tuning is designed for controlling the converter circuit. Fuzzy Logic based Bacteria Foraging Algorithm (FLC&BFA) Controller is proposed to design controller for controlling the switch operation of the SEPIC converter circuit for regulation of its output voltage and getting good performance. Simulation results were analyzed and compared the response performance of system for different resistive loads and reference voltages, it was noticed that there was a significant performance improvement for the controller states used the bacteria foraging algorithm, compared with the state of fuzzy logic controller with manual tuning and also compared with the open loop system. also the unregulated output voltage issue was overcome in the present of external disturbance and it need a negligible time for tuning.


Article
Design Adaptive Encryption Algorithm by using Sumerian numbers
تصميم خوارزمية تشفير باستخدام الارقام السومرية

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The widely uses of computer and communication technology in sending and receiving the message and information need a new processes and algorithms for protection them and this was done by Encryption . The study aimed to design a new algorithm encryption by using the Sumerian number and numerical system which was innovated through the induction of a new pictographic picture and they prepared the recent number since 3000 B.C. During the research design compensatory encryption algorithm using Visual Basic to convert the input messages (explicit text), whether it was letters or symbols or prepare to form a(symbol) token, which is a series of cuneiform symbols (cipher text)Incomprehensible to the recipient, leading to lack of knowledge of the spam message contents and thus increases the degree of security and hardness information sent And to the fact that the Sumerian numbers are not known to many people with the possibility of use in the letters and medical reports encryption .During the conclusion of the study easily use the algorithm and the lack of cost or their need additional hardware and high flexibility. The study also recommended the development of the algorithm using double encryption more powerful ways which operates the keys and with the possibility of developed using encryption methods of programming languages such as (matlab, vb.net) and the other, in order to increase the strength of encryption .


Article
Determination the activity of prostatic acid phosphatase women with breast cancer in Kirkuk City
تقدير فعالية الفوسفاتيز الحامضي البروستاتي عند المصابات بسرطان الثدي في مدينة كركوك

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The current study included estimation of Acid Phosphatase (AP) and Prostatic Acid Phosphatase (PAP) activity in the sera of Breast Cancer patient̓s. The study included (58) samples as satisfactory sample of women with breast cancer who are treated at (Breast cancer Center) in Azadi teaching hospital in Kirkuk, age ranged from (17-80) years old, and (58) samples from healthy people (control group) aged between (20-80) years old. The results showed significal elevation in the AP and PAP activity in breast cancer patients compared with control group. From the results above concluded that it is possible to use the enzyme prostatic acid phosphatase PAP as an indicator of breast cancer .


Article
Analysis ofSpectralReflectivityof Pila SpiFormation in Bashiqa, Maklob and Ean Alsafra Structures/Northern Iraq
تحليل الانعكاسية الطيفية لتكوين بيلاسبي في كل من تركيب بعشيقه,مقلوب / شمال العراق

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Abstract

The results of theanalysis ofspectral reflecting curves of,selected(17)rocksand (4) soil samples of Pila Spiformation in both Ba'shiqahandMaklobstructures northern Iraq, to Clear contrast in reflectivity.This discrepany is due to the obvious difference in the physical and chemical characteristics of carbonate and dolomatic roks of this formation. A variety of image processing techniques were applied on land sat ETM+7 image of the study area depending on spectral reflecting results of the above samples. Numerous false colored combination were carried out on(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7)image bands. Several image ratio were applied and integrated with(RGB) system to get the best results digital geological map was produced by the use of resulted images which were compared their results with maps and field information of the area.


Article
Effect Over Dose of Metformin Drug in Pregnants White Mice Mus Musculus liver
تأثير الجرع المفرطة من عقار المتفورمين Metformin Drug في كبد الفئران الحوامل البيض Mus Musculus

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Abstract

The study included the effect of metformin drug over dose in the liver pregnant non – Diabetic mice with weight ranged (25±2) gm , Orally administration of ( 1.8 , 2.85) mg of drug from (6-18)th day of pregnancy in the morning and once time daily, Drug caused death in half number of animals in 1.8) ) mg concentrate and caused significant increase in liver weight in high concentration 2.85 mg and non significant in low concentration compared with control group ( non treated ) , In addition some histologically changes that included inflammatory cells around damaged blood vessels which increase with high dose caused primary biliary cirrhosis . Other changes include Degeneration , necrosis , Blood vessels damage ,Greenish, Congestion and hemorrhage and fibrosis in the liver of dead mice .


Article
Evaluating of drinking water quality for water treatment plant in Tuz District
تقييم نوعية مياه الشرب لمحطة معالجة الماء في قضاء الطوز

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This study has been conducted to evaluate the quality of drinking water for water treament plant in Tuz region,it as the only only water treatment plant in the region . Experimental tests of water parameters were: potential of hydrogen( pH),electrical conductivity,turbidity,residual chlorine,dissolved oxygen in addition to total bacteria count and total colon bacteria for raw water and treated water in the pipes transporting water in five quarters which were Raperin, Brayati ,Jumhuria ,Askry and Sada.Samples collected during the period extended over ten months started in September 2014 to June 2015. The results showed that value of potential of hydrogen were 7-8.4 which were accepted with international and Iraqi national standards.Most values of turbidity were exceed international and Iraqi national standards water quality higher value was 13.6 NTU .Values of residual chlorine were founded in each pipe that transports water to quarters but some values were little not accepted with international and Iraqi national standards water quality .In addition total bacteria count values were accepted with Iraqi standards water quality, while values of total colon bacteria values were exceed international and Iraqi national standards water quality higher value was 12.1 cell/100ml.


Article
Effect of Therapeutic dose of Metformin drug in Blood Sugar Pregnant Mice Treated With Folic Acid
تأثير الجرعة العلاجية من عقار المتفورمين Metformin Drug في سكر دم الفئران الحوامل المعاملة بحامض الفوليك

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The study include effect therapeutic dose of metformin drug in blood sugar of pregnant mice treated with folic acid . Mice weight ranged (25±2) g with age (12-16 )weeks ,The concentrations of uesd were ( 0.18 & 0.53 ) mg 25 gm mice body weight which corresponded to (500&1500) mg70 Kg of body weight in adult human , The therapeutic dose of folic acid used was ( 0.002 ) mgmice body weight which corresponded to ( 5 ) mg body weight in human , was aimed to define the effects of drugs in sugar level during pregnancy with the presence of folic acid or its absence , The drug was orally administrated , at (6-18)th day of pregnancy while folic acid was administrated at ( 4-18) th day . This group was treated with metformin drug after 2 hours of folic acid admimstration at (6) th day , The administration was once in the morning of each , The results showed non significant decrease in the sugar level in groups treated with metformin while significant increase in groups treated with metformin drug and folic acid compared with control.


Article
The inhibitory effects of some natural substances on H. Pylori
التاثير التثبيطي لبعض المواد الطبيعية على جرثومة الملوية البوابية Helicobacter pylori

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This study aimed to use natural alternatives to detect its inhibitory effect on H. pylori due to its low toxicity and flexibility in use as well as its efficiency in treatment.detection an the inhibitory activity of ( ginger , apple vinegar , mastic (gum,oil) , pomegranate peel and curcumin ) was done and Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC) was estimated. the results showed that the MIC of pomegranate peel ( 0.048828125 ) mg / cm3 so it is more efficient than curcumin (0.09765625 ) mg / cm3 and ginger ( 1.5625 ) mg / cm3 while there is no effect of mastic gum , mastic oil and apple vinegar on H. pylori. We conclude that these natural substances may be used as treatment assistant products to reduce H. pylori resistance to antibiotics


Article
Determination of the imaginary component of atomic scattering factor for x-ray for nickel element for the energy range of 8.048-19.609 KeV
ايجاد المركبة الخيالية لعامل التشتت الذري للاشعة السينية لعنصر النيكل لمدى الطاقة من 8.048 الى 19.609 كيلو الكترون فولت

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In this paper x-ray mass attenuation coefficients of nickel were measured with precision between 0.2% and 0.5% for four characteristic wavelengths: copper and molybdenum K lines. The mass photoelectric absorption coefficients were determined by subtracting the calculated Rayleigh scattering from the total scattering and the values of measured attenuation coefficients. The values of the imaginary component of atomic scattering factor for x-ray in nickel were determined from the difference between the values of measured attenuation coefficients and theoretical calculations, it is shown that In the low energy at ω≪ω_e, and the high energy at ω≫ω_e, the imaginary component approximately is zero, and the electrons are so tightly bound to the atom. In the region ω ~ ω_e where the imaginary component of the scattering is dominate and the electron become highly absorbing. There was good agreement between the values of the imaginary component of atomic scattering factor has been found and the values has been calculated by using various model


Article
Astudy Of Some Geotechnical Properties Of Sand Dunes In Alam Distric And Assesment Their Suitability For Tab Water Filteration.
دراسة بعض الخواص الجيوتكنيكية للكثبان الرملية في ناحية العلم و مدى صلاحيتها كمرشحات في مشاريع مياه الاساله

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The Study Aims to Studying Some Geotechnical Properties For Sand Dunes In Alam Area And Their Suitability. For Water Filtration Three Stations Were Chosed For Sampling Represeating The Study Area. Grain Size Analysis Show The Soil Is Coarse And (SP), Type According To Unified Soil Classification, The Values Of Water Content, Specific Gravity, Total Dissolved Salts, Organic Matters And PH Are(2.84-4.09)%, (2.65-2.66), (0.13-0.19), 1.06-2.57)%, (2.47-5.51)% And (7.71-7.81) Respectively.The Coefficient Of Uniforaity Which Values Ranging Between (1.6-1.76) And Organic Matters Show That The Sand Dunes In The Study Area Are Not Suitabile For Filtration Purposes According To Iraqi Standard Specification (1555, 2000), And Their Adjustment In 2002.


Article
Experimental Performance exploration of Parabolic Trough Solar Collector with Solar Tracking System
دراسة وتحليل مجمع شمسي من نوع القطع المكافئ باستخدام منظومة التتبع الشمسي

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Abstract

The investment of the solar energy needs to be specific mechanism represent by using concentrates solar operating principle of solar radiation falling assembled on the ground and focus on the part that is intended to benefit from it ,depending on the purpose or goal of the design , and in the current study , the objective of study is 1- Heat the water 2- Study the thermal performance of the solar collector To achieve the objective of the study was the study of manufactured parabola system to collect sun's rays at the center of the solar collector. For obtaining, a highest thermal energy utilized to raise temperature of water. Depending on the purpose of the study the measurement were carried out and the accounts in winter season at (January) & summer season at (May) at the University of Tikrit as site. Where they were manufacturing pickup Cylindrical Trough Solar Collectors (PTSC) length (2.4m) and a width (0.8m) and area (1.92〖 m〗^2) was packing bow inverter radiation (Aluminum Foil) to increase the reflected rays on the absorber tube was installed on the base of animations of iron and equipped with control works to track the movement of the sun by using automatic sensor tied at the top of the solar collector, In these study used Two kind of Absorbent tube, length (2.4m). 1-The Absorbent tube made of copper outer diameter (0.03m) and internal (0.028m) painted in black color. 2- The copper tube dyed in black and coated by glass tube outer diameter (0.036 m) and internal (0.034 m) vacuumed from the air. Also we use a tank capacity (80L) for storage of the hot water. Lasted experiments in winter season at (January) & summer season at (May) using one values of mass flow rate (m° = 0.02Kg / sec) The results showed that the efficiency of the system and useful thermal energy that have been obtained using evacuated glass tube were higher than those obtained from the tube copper and proportionate directly proportional to the mass flow rate of the water and the amount solar radiation falling on the surface of the earth and that the higher efficiency of the system (46.68%).


Article
تقويم الاداء وتقدير بعض المعالم الوراثية لصفات كمية في محصول الشعير Hordeum spp
تقويم الاداء وتقدير بعض المعالم الوراثية لصفات كمية في محصول الشعير Hordeum spp

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seven varieties of Barley was carried out wtich were (Brag , Shahah , Al-KHeer , Al-Wrkai , Sameer ,Al-Hadher and Amal ) have been grown in seasonal 2014 -2015 and 2015 -2016 in the province of Kirkuk, using Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates, included the characteristics of number of days for the expulsion of spikes 50% of plants ,plant height (cm) ,spike length (cm) , number of spikes / m2 , number of grains spike , weight of a thousand grian(g) and grain yield (kg / ha) , notes that the product was Sameer may outweigh the number of spikes / m2 on average for seasonal (355.5 spike / m2) and yield grain (kg / ha) in the first season was (3463 kg / ha), but obtained fell in the second season and gave less obtained was (3022.3 kg / ha) , superiority Al-Kheer variety at a rate of (3600 kg / ha) , Amal variety was surpassed in the number of grain Spike and Shuaah in the weight of a thousand grains .This variation in the traits between varieties gives an indication of the possibility incorporated in education programs by hybridization in order to collect desired characteristics in the synthesis of certain hereditary, also notes that the genetic and phenotypic differences were a burden and moral in all attributes except the weight of a thousand grain an indication that the HLA dominant in inheriting and is reflected in the values of heritability in the broad sense as she was high except spike length in the first season, correlations and regression noted that the number of spikes and the number of grains spike and the weight of a thousand grain the most important qualities that have an impact on changes holds that occur on the grain barley crop and can be adopted as indicators of electoral improved .


Article
The study of Helicobacter pylori among digestive system disorders in Kirkuk city and relationship with blood group
دراسة مدى انتشار جرثومة المعدة Helicobacter pylori بين المرضى الذين يعانون من اضطرابات معوية في مدينة كركوك وعلاقتها بفصائل الدم

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Helicobacter pylori is one of the enteric bacteria that cause stomach disease and it’s the maine causes of stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer , this study conducted the relation ship between H.pylori and the patients blood groups in Kirkuk city . Out of ( 168 ) samples from patients with digestive system disturbance of both 54(%59.38) and 37(%51.39) showed positive among males and females respectively . Regarding the residence (%70.10( of positive cases were from urban and (%36.61) were from rural . The highest positive results observed among blood group O 25 (%43.85) among male 20(%54.05) among female followed by blood group A 15(%26.31) male 8(%21.62) female and in blood group B 12(%21.05) in male 6(%16.21) among female and in blood group AB 5(%6.77) in male 3(%8.10) in female


Article
The spread and the distribution of the characteristic of resisting the antibiotics in Escherichia coli isolated from various sources and the possibility of transfer this characteristic
انتشار وتوزيع صفة المقاومة للمضادات الحيوية في عزلات بكتريا Escherichia coli المعزولة من مصادر مختلفة وإمكانية انتقال هذه الصفة

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In this paper to study the spread and the distribution of the characteristic of resisting the medications of the Escherichia coli isolated from various sources. Therefore, Fifteen bacterial isolates were isolated and diagnosed for the E.coli (five isolates from the hospitals, five isolates from the wastewater and five isolates from clinical samples). The culture characteristics and biochemistry tests was certified in isolating and diagnosing these isolates. The results of the tests of sensitivity against the antibiotics showed a variation in the distribution and the spread of the resistance against these antibiotics whether in the isolates from one source or within the different isolates sources for both the E.coli. Moreover, most of the isolates showed the multiple resistance against the antibiotics and the feature of resisting the Amoxicillin, Ampicillin and Erythromycin antibiotics was the most common amongst the isolates studies. The results of the conjugation experiments showed that the bacterial conjugation it is possible to take place between the E. coli isolate and the standard Salmonella strain. When using the E. coli as a donor strain the conjugation took place with a frequency of (0.11× 10-4), and that the group of resistance against the antibiotics transferred to the conjugative isolate


Article
Study The Vibration Characteristics of Rotating Shaft with Slant Crack by Using Finite Element method in (ANSYS) Software
دراسة الخصائص الإهتزازية للعمود الدوار المحتوي على الشقوق المائلة باستخدام طريقة العناصر المحددة في برنامج (ANSYS)

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The present research about vibration characteristics analysis of rotating shaft with slant crack using finite element method in ANSYS program as mathematical tool and model drawing on the solid work software and insert to the (ANSYS) program in addition to mechanical and physical properties data for rotating shaft with disc to study the effect of several parameters such as crack depth and crack inclination angle on the natural frequency .mode shapes, by using (ANSYS 14.5) program and from workbench window the crack create at different inclination angle (20°,45°,70°,90°) and different depth (4,8,12) mm , the crack location at distance 2cm from the left side of the disc at maximum bending moment position to know its effect on the vibration characteristics . The result indicated that the natural frequencies are significant affected in the presence of a crack and reduces with increasing in the inclination angle and depth of crack while the mode shape affected by increasing inclination angle of crack and depth relatively little and not appear except after the crack depth receive advance stage from diameter of shaft .


Article
Investigation of the Implantation profile and average stopping depth of slow positrons in Magnesium Sulfide MgS
دراسة منحني الاستنبات ومعدل عمق التوقف للبوزترونات البطيئة في كبريتيد المغنيسيوم MgS

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In this paper ,we present for the first time , the theoretical values of Implantation profile I(z,E) and average stopping depths z0 of slow positron (1.5-30)keV for Magnesium sulfide MgS and different thicknesses(0.2-1.6) μm by employing a Makhovs distribution function has been investigated . The obtained results reveals that the shape of the Makhov,s profile indicates to the energy spectrum of the incident positrons ,the average stopping depth are small for low energies , this due to the probability of backscattering positrons at the surface of material and thus the result is a narrow annihilation region which represented by the high values of I(E,z), this behavior is due to the multiple scattering elastic and inelastic during the slowdown process inside material , the average stopping depths increased .The present study in accordance with the results of that for other works of elements and compounds.


Article
Anatomical , histological and histochemical studies of digestive tract of fish Mastacembelus mastacembelus
دراسات تشريحية ونسجية وكيمياء نسجية للقناة الهضمية لسمكة المرمريج Mastacembelus mastacembelus

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The present study involves anatomical comparsion, histological and histochemical structures of digestive tract ofMastacembelusmastacembelus (carnivore) at the level of light microscope hematoxylin and eosin , mallory's triple , periodic acid schiff (PAS) , and alician blue stains (PH1and PH2) were use . The anatomical Results revealed cylindrical muscular tube esophagus connecting pharynx , directly to cardic stomach of M. mastacembelus .The stomach shape is cystoid with cardic, fundic and pyloric portions . Pyloric caeci absent in M. Mstacembelus.intestine is shortest, relative length (RGL) is (0.58) , (S) letter shape and not coiled . Histologically the esophagus of M. Mstacembelus composed of two parts, anterior and posterior parts .The stomach has cardic , fundic and pyloric portions while intestine divided into four parts, proximal , middle, distal and anus .The arrangement and number of strata forming digestive wall from esophagus up to anus is similar in studied fish , involving four basic layers (mucosa , submucosa , mascularis and serosa) . Tunica muscularis along the digestive canal consist of two smooth muscle layers inner (circuler) and outer (longitudinal) expectesophagus which included stratified muscle layers . Many mucosal folds were lining digestive tract. These folds become crowded, very long and branched along all intestinal divisions and then become very short in anus . Tunica mucosa consist of simple columnar epithelium lining G.I from esophagus to anus . Goblet cells present among esophageal, intestinal and anal mucosal epithelium . They are numerous along esophagus and posterior intestine . Lamina propria directly under mucosal epithelium consists of thick layer of Connective tissue present in anterior esophagus, stomach and intestine . Lamina propria contain great amount of gastric glands consist of oval or spherical secretory unit lined by one type of pyramedial cell. Posterior stomach mucosal surface contains great amount of gastric pit. muscularis mucosa absent in M. mastacembelus. Tunica submucosa along digestive canal of studied fish consist of thin areolar connective tissue and collection of lymphatic cells similar to lymphatic follicle seen in anterior intestine . G.I serosa layer consist of connective tissue covered bymesotheliur. This study showed the presence of different amounts and types of mucous material in different G.I regions . positive tissue reaction with PAS, AB1, AB2 ensure presence of mucous material . Tissue reaction with PAS was very strong in esophagus and intestine while it was strong in stomach while tissue reaction withAB2 was moderate in esophagus, stomach and intestine .


Article
Study the doping effect of lithium oxide on the electrical properties thin film of the composit(LixNi2-xO2) prepared by pulsed laser deposition (PLD).
دراسة تأثير التشويب بأوكسيد الليثيوم على الخصائص الكهربائية لأغشية المركب(LixNi2-xO2) المحضرة بطريقة الترسيب بالليزر النبضي (PLD).

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The Hall effect tests showed that the thin films of(LixNi2-xO2) have a carriers charge (p-type) at all doping ratios. The concentration of carriers increases from (0.257* 1017- 48.07*1017) cm3 , as well as increasing electrical conductivity by increasing the doping from (2.82 * 10-3- 128.65 * 10-3) eV, while the Hall coefficient decreases from (2.423 * 103-0.013 *103) cm3/C , The continuous conductivity measurements showed a decrease in activation energy by increasing doping (Ea1 = 0.13 , Ea2 = 0.278) eV, at x=0.0 and becomes(Ea1=0.074eV,Ea2=0.117eV)at x=0.55, The alternating conductivity tests showed that, Alternate conductivity as well as capacitance and both real and imaginary dielectric constant increases with increasing doping ratio.


Article
The study transmission of the laser in a number of types of water
دراسة انتقال الليزر في عدد من أنواع الماء

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This research aims to study the transmission of the laser in the water by using several types of water are (distilled water, water Tigris River, tap water , rain water , through studying the relation between transmittance of laser beams and the length of intersected orbit through the water environment .by using a number of The lasers the laser of He-Ne laser with wave length of 632 nm with power reads 2.04 mw the laser Nd-YAG laser with tow wave length that are 1064 nm with power 88.3 and the second length wave is 532 nm with power 40 m. laser beams transfer through the water channel, Throughout dealing with this study concluded that transmittance decrease with increasing the depth of crossed orbit for all kinds of laser. The decrease of transmittance results from the kind of laser , depth of orbit , the kind of water and power of laser.


Article
Nonparametric Estimation of The Variogram an Application
التقدير اللامعلمي لدالة الفاريوكرام مع التطبيق

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This Research Deals with Non Parametric Estimation of Variogram Function . As it is known The Variogram Function is Considered As a very Important Parameter in Investigating The Spatial Dependence for The Spatial Stochastic Process .The Non Parametric Estimation is Performed by Use of Spectral Analysis which is Considered As Advanced Step of Expansion of Fourier Series . Also with This Satisfied Constraint The Equation System of This Problem Obtained and be Solved By Quadratic programming.An application Example is Considered which Represents Real Data of The Property of Positive ions of Sodium Salts in the Ground Water of (88 wells) in Mosul /Iraq .


Article
Information Hiding in Color Image based on LSB and FA
اخفاء المعلومات في صورة ملونة باعتماد تقنية LSB و FA

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In this research was to hide information in color images of the type of Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) using hiding technique Least Significant Bit (LSB) with Firefly algorithm. The selection of appropriate image cells for hiding by using Firefly algorithm, then hide one bit of the secret message in least significant bit of all eight block of selected cells . Reached the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) to (78.0892) and the value of the Mean Square Error (MSE) approximately (0.0010), as well as the value of the Bit Error Rate (BER), which was (0).


Article
The effect of lipopolysaccharide extracted from Pseudomonas aeruginosa on Total and Differential WBC and on Phagocytic activity
تاثير مادة متعدد السكريات الدهني المستخلص من بكتريا الزوائف الزنجارية على التعداد الكلي و التفريقي لكريات الدم البيض و على عملية البلعمة الخلوية

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Lipopolysaccharide(LPS)was extracted from Pseudomonas aeruginosa by EDTA and the effect of the lipopolysaccharide of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was studied on the immune response of mice treated with LPS compared with untreated mice (control) . Total and defferential WBC count of peripheral blood and innate immune response represented by the phagocytic index were the criteria taken in to consideration . Result showed a significant increase in the total white blood cell count in the blood of mice treated with LPS with an increase in lymphocyte and Monocyte , and a decrease in neutophile and variation in Eosinophile was noticed in Blood films of Lps of treated mice, basophile was observed only in the Blood films of mice treated with concentration of 10 Mg/20g of body weight , An increase in the Non specific immune response was noticed through the increase of the phagocytic index .


Article
Calculating Pollution Indices and Health risks of Heavy metals in Surface Soil at Tikrit City
حساب مؤشرات التلوث والمخاطر الصحية للعناصر الثقيلة في التربة السطحية لمدينة تكريت

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The present study focuses on the assessment of pollution indices and health hazards due to heavy metals in surface soils at Tikrit city. The concentration of heavy metals were ranged: Zn (37 -104) mg/kg, Cu (16 – 28) mg/kg, Pb (21 – 56) mg/kg, Co (17 – 23) mg/kg, Cr (94 – 132) mg/kg, Ni (82 – 149) mg/kg and Mn (402 – 537) mg/kg. The values of enrichment factor (EF) and contamination factor (CF) indicated that, the pollution of studied area by Ni and Pb was due to anthropogenic activity. Value of pollution load index (PLI) was higher than unity which indicate pollution of the area by heavy metals. By applying health risk assessment model, it is found that value of hazard quotient (HQ) of each element of non carcinogenic heavy metals is less than 1 for three exposure pathways (i.e. ingestion, dermal contact and inhilation, indicating no health hazards for both children and adults. It is also concluded that children are more susceptible for potential hazards than adults, as well as ingestion pathway is more serious than other exposure pathways. Cancer risk value of Cr in surface soil is the highest, indicating high potential carcinogenic hazards through inhilation of soil particles, while cancer risk value of both Co and Ni indicated moderate potential carcinogenic hazards, whereas cancer risk value of Pb was the lowest, suggesting no carcinogenic hazards through ingestion pathway.


Article
The effecte of aluminum chloride dissolved in the water and in glacial acetic acid and in some repoductive characters of albino male white rats
تأثيركلوريد الألمنيوم المذاب في الماءوفي حامض الخليك في بعض الصفات التناسلية لذكورالجرذان البيض

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The current study was conducted to investigate the poisonous effects of Aluminum Chlorid dissolved in water alone and its dissolved in25% glacial acetic acid in some repoductive characters of male white rats (Rattus norvegicus), thirty rats ages ranged between( 100) day and weights of(200+220 gm) were used in this study. The study included tow experiments, each experiment, (5) treatments (3) rats per group. The first group of each experiment groups was considered the control group ,while the remaining four groups were considered as treatment groups. The first experiments were treated with (70 mg/kg of bodyweight) of Aluminum Chloride for different intervals (2, 5, 10, and 20 days); the second experiments was treated (70 mg/kg bodyweight) of Aluminum Chloride dissolved in25% glacial acitic acid. Body weight was measured for all rats before and after completed treatment periods of different, An autopsy was to study testicular weights, epididymis, prostate gland, and then been studying a count and nature of sperm in each group for their periods,Results showed a decrease in the body weight of treated rats, testicles, epididymis, and in the prostate gland. while the results showed, a decrease was also found in sperm count, as well as an increase in dead and abnormal sperms in the first treatment group as compared with the control group. were these changes generate according to period of treatment, In the second experiment asignificant increase in the effect because of using aluminum chloride dissolved in 25% glacial acitic acid for the same periods,


Article
Studying of Oxidative Stress and Activity of Some Enzymes in Cerebrospinal Fluid from Children with Hydrocephalus Disease
دراسة الكرب التأكسدي وفعالية بعض الانزيمات في سائل النخاع الشوكي لدى الأطفال المصابين بمرض الاستسقاء الدماغي

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This research include studying the oxidative stress state and the activity of some enzymes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from children with hydrocephalus by the determination of (15) Biochemical parameters which include: Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Pseudocholinesterase (PChE), Monoamin oxidase A (MAOA), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Creatinine kinase (CK), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Uric acid (UA), Vitamin D, Total protein (Tp), Albumin (Alb), Ceruloplasmin (Cp), Malonadialdehyde (MDA), The study was done on (176) child with hydrocephalus (110) were male , (66) female and (67) healthy child as control group (39) were male and (28) female ,the age of children with hydrocephalus and control group ranged from 1-14 month for both sexes. The results showed that there was a significant increase in the activity of AChE, PChE, MAOA, AST, ALT, ALP, CK and LDH in CSF for children with hydrocephalus compared with healthy group for both sexes, these result were indicated that these parameters may be good biochemical markers for this disease . Beside of that, the results showed there was a highly oxidative stress in the patients for both sexes, so there was a significant increase in the activity of SOD, Tp, Alb and oxidant indicator of MDA, with a significant decrease in vit. D, uric acid and Cp levels in CSF patients compared with healthy group for both sexes,


Article
Comparative Laboratory study of fungi Beauveria bassiana and Maxforce bait against germen cockroach Blattella germanica
دراسة مختبرية مقارنة لمكافحة الصرصر الألماني(Blattidae) Blattella germanica بأستخدام الفطر Beauveria bassiana والطعم Maxforce

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The entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana is the most important in biological control for many insects .In this study we used spores extract of entomopathogenic fungus to control German cockroach Blattella germanica with three concentrations (4.1x104 , 4.1x106 , 4.1x108 spore ml) and comparative with maxforce bait under laboratory condition (25 ± 2°C and 70 ± 10% RH). Both nymphs and adults are tested to detect the effect of pathogenic and bait . the results showed significant differences P<0.05 between the different concentrations comparing with control while the nymphs were more sensitive than adults . The study showed significant differences between entomopathogenic fungus and bait .


Article
Study the differential Mott Scattering cross section and screening parameters of aluminum
دراسة المقطع التفاضلي لتشتت مووت ومعاملات الحجب لعنصر الالمنيوم

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In the present paper , we have tabulate the screening parametersη_(screening ) and the differential cross section of Mott scattering〖dσ〗_Mott/〖dσ〗_Rutherford by Aluminum nucleus in the energy range(10-0.005)MeV and angles by employing Mackinely-Fashbach equation as well as we have calculate the ratio 〖dσ〗_Mott/〖dσ〗_Rutherford For the energy range (50-350)MeV for the same angles, by using the improved Rutherford equation .All these equation written with Visual Basic program 2012.By comparing the obtained results with the available one, we found that the factor η_(screening )proportional with the incident electron energy, which influences the screening process of the orbital electrons by the atomic nucleus ,thus lowering the Bremsstrahlung probability cross section, while the values of 〖dσ〗_Mott/〖dσ〗_Rutherford with Mackinely-Fashbach equation, are in good agreement with the compared values ,and the cross section obtained by improved Rutherford equation ,shows that the effect of recoiling term is the biggest in comparison to other correction factors.


Article
(Development strategy City of Kirkuk accordance with the principles sustainable development)
( استراتيجية تطوير مدينة كركوك وفق مبادئ التنمية المستدامة )

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This study is the need to identify the problems of the city of Kirkuk as a case study, Through a questionnaire conducted sporadic samples from residents of the city of Kirkuk and in particular working in different departments of the city staff, In order to try to put public policies and frameworks for the development of the city of Kirkuk according to sustainable planning general framework, And through the creation of balance and fairness to land use and public transportation and distribution services buildings in accordance with the population density of the city, which is in the process of increasing population growth significantly. The study also aimed to the need to preserve the environment, resources and wealth that characterizes the city of Kirkuk and the need to reduce pollution by identifying areas that could be enriched by green spaces to be thus a green belt surrounding the city because of its important role in the preservation of the environment. Through indicators that have been drawn from a set of points on the most important problems of the city and then come up with recommendations with a holistic view consistent with sustainable planning policies in the framework of sustainable development involved in different walks of life.


Article
Using Analysis of Pareto and Fault Tree to Parameters Simulated in Predictive Maintenance policies and Management Methods
استخدام تحليلي باريتو وشجرة الخطأ للمعالم المحاكاة في سياسات الصيانة التنبؤية وأساليب ادارتها

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The study was take place with statistical analyasis of available data about faults ( downtime DT, mean time between faults MTBF, mean time to repair MTTR) as dependant variables on fault frequency f as independent variables for fault modes of production equipments and operation times in the sudied period of 26 months. Then simulate it for 25 runs in order to obtain its average that makes the desired results to be more signifigant in generation of mathematical models, which represents the relationships between the predective different times and its comulated density functions. Pareto and Fault tree Analysis of the predictive results showed that the critical equipment (Turbine, Boiler, Condencer, and Generator) with its related faults mode will be a main problem which repeat their faults by 85.16% of the total repetition frequencies while three of them (Turbine, Generator, and Boiler) takes 82.43% of total down times.


Article
Behavior Of The Cracks Propagation Exist In A luminum Alloy (AL-7020T6) Under The Effects Of Mixed-Mode Stresses
تصرف نمو الشقوق المتولدة في سبيكة الألمنيوم ((AL-7020 T6 تحت تأثير إجهادات متداخلة الأطوار

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The aluminum alloys using in engineering components and structure mostly contains cracks and subjected to mixed mode (I&II) loading, This study presented theoretical and experimental analysis on the behavior of the crack propagation under the effect mixed mode stresses in the aluminum alloy (AL-7020T6) by using (CTS) specimens connected into steel fixture at different angles and subjected to a monotonic loading at constant rate of displacement . The results showed that , the (LT) specimen have larger fracture toughness than (TL) , Good agreement between theoretical results and results of the ANSYS Software, Mode I fracture toughness larger than mode II this is indicated that the aluminum alloy (AL-7020T6) contain cracks has stronger in tensile and weak under shear loads ,The total energy release rate (Gt) decrease with increasing mode II fraction this is indicated that the crack in the aluminum alloy at mode I need higher energy than mode II in order to growth


Article
Effect of Structural Shape of Heat Pipe Inside Surface on Performance and Heat Transfer Characteristics
تأثير الشكل الهيكلي الداخلي لأنبوب الحرارة على الأداء وخصائص انتقال الحرارة

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The Heat Pipe and Thermosyphon have been designed, fabricated and tested to investigate the heat that transfers by two-phase natural convection. Different affecting parameters on temperature distribution and heat transfer coefficient are experimentally investigated including the power input (300 to 700W), the filling ratio of the working fluid(water), represented by a volumetric ratio with respect to evaporator volume (15%,50%&85%). Two pipes with different inside surface shape were tasted. All tests were fulfilled at a pressure, a proximity, near atmospheric pressure (1 bar) during steady state conditions. The experimental results showed that the best filling ratio is (50%) and the heat transfer coefficient in heat pipe is found to be maximal compared with The heat transfer coefficient in thermosyphon. The mean temperature difference between the evaporator and condenser at steady state in heat pipe is found to be minimal compared with thermosyphon. A comparison is fulfilled between the current study results and the empirical, theoretical correlations by other researchers showed that the experimental results were in good agreement with those correlations


Article
Seroprevalence of (HBV and HCV) and studying the effect of some risk factors among Hemodialysis patient in Mosul city.
التحري عن مدى تفشي التهاب الكبد الفايروسي نمط B و C بين مرضى الديالة الدموية ودراسة تأثير بعض عوامل الخطورة على الاصابة

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This study aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic kidney failure disease to patients subjected to hemodialysis according to sex and age, and the prevalence of hepatitis B and C among patients in the city of Mosul from the period of March the first 2015 to the first of April 2016. The study also aimed to assess some of the risk factors in increasing the incidence of this viruses among patients such as (Blood Transfusion, the period to start hemodialysis, the number of hemodialysis per week), and it detected surface antigen virus pattern hepatitis B (HBsAg) and C Antidody. The study included follow-ups of 140 cases for both sexes and different ages as well as (30) of the healthy as control group: The study data recorded prevalence of chronic renal failure patients treated with blood circulation by 61.4% among males compared with 38.5% among females. And the proportion was higher in the age groups ( more than 50 years) and reached 47% Regarding the prevalence of hepatitis B and C types among these patients, the results showed that the prevalence of hepatitis type B is higher than hepatitis C, with the proportions of 16.4% and 14.2% respectively, and the proportion of infection in males is higher compared to females and the results showed that the incidence rate increases for with age in these viruses. Regarding the results of the effects of some risk factors on the increased incidence of HBV and HCV among these patients, The results showed that the rate of infection was high in patients who had blood transfusions (more than 3_4 times a month) and had hemodialysis (twice or more a week) and had a long history of starting hemodialysis More than 3 years)


Article
Bio-chemical Study on the Effect of 4-amidazoldine-4-One Compound Derived from Naproxen on the Effectiveness of Cholinesterase and Some Biochemical Parameters in Rabbit Serum
دراسة كيميائية حياتية حول تأثير مركب -4-ايميدازولدين -4-اون المشتق من النابروكسين على فعالية انزيم الكولين استريز وبعض المتغيرات الكيموحيوية في مصل دم الأرانب

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In this study (4-imidazolidine-4-one) derivative of naproxen was prepared and diagnosed, while the structural formula of this compound was confirmed using the (H-NMR, FTIR,13C-NMR) spectrum. (12) Rabbits of close weights were divided into two groups, the first group is the control group which consists of (4) Rabbits and the second group is the group that was injected with the compound, which was prepared and the number of (8) Rabbits. The first group was given the control group solvent (DMSO), the second group was injected with the compound (AB) and the dose (50 mg / kg) of body weight per rabbit. After 2 hours of the dose, a blood sample was drawn from each rabbit and the plasma was separated. A biochemical and enzymatic study of the variables was carried out. The measured variables included the activity of enzymes (cholinesterase, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase) and serum cholesterol concentration. The study proved that the compound has significantly inhibited the cholinesterase activity and can be used in the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease and increase the amount of neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Inhibiting cholinesterase inhibits the breakdown of the neurotransmitter and thus will perform the stimulation of the nervous system naturally, and effectively the compound did not significantly affect the activity of the enzyme glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, while the cholesterol level in the rabbit serum had a significant effect.


Article
Spectrophotometric Determination Mefenamic Acid , in Pharmacutical Preparation by oxidative coupling 2,4,dinitrophenyl hydrazine by N-bromo succinmide
التقدير الطيفي لحامض الميفيناميك في المستحضرات الدوائية بالاقتران التاكسدي مع 4,2 ثنائي نايترو فنيل هيدرازين بوجود N-برومو سكسينيميد

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This eserech includes the development of spectrophotometric method for determination of mefenamic acid via oxidative coupling with the 2,4,dinitrophenyl hydrazine reagent in presence of oxidizing agent N-bromo succinmide in the alkaline medium to form a colored-dye red, which dissolved in water and showed the highest intensity of absorption at λmax 528 nm. The method has been obeyed Beer's law in the concentration range 2-8 µg.ml-1, with molar absorptivity of 3.6873 ×104 L. mol-1. cm-1, Sandel Index value 0.006535 µg.cm-2, the detection limited 0.011 µg.ml-1, with correlation coefficient 0.992. The relative standard deviation of the method does not exceed 2.27%. The proposed method was applied successfully for the determination of Mefenamic acid in tablets by both the direct and standard addition methods, the recovery ranged between 99.3-100.2%.


Article
Theoretical study to calculate of the Ionization Constants of the Number of Amino Acid Derivatives using Quantum Mechanics Methods
دراسة نظرية لحساب ثوابت التأين لعدد من مشتقات الأحماض الأمينية بأستخدام طرق ميكانيك الكم

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It was a theoretical study to calculated values of ionization constant of a group of amino acid derivatives using five methods of quantum mechanics for the purpose of comparison, two methods used semi empirical represented by a way of AM1, PM3 and the three methods used ab-initio basic calculation methods :HF, DFT and MP2, the compatibility of these methods with chemical bases known by discussing the theoretical variables were calculated by the five ways mentioned above, The results showed that the ab initio calculations were more accurate than semi empirical method which were created relationship between physical variables theoretically calculated with each other and determine their nature. Then link between these variables with known chemical values of amino acids ionization constants PK1. Results obtained through this relationship was good and that's what indicated to him the results of statistical analysis through correlation coefficient values, including the method of the DFT where it was (0.999) and the method of the PM3 (0.998) record and stander error (0.592), as well as the large overlap between PK1 values calculated theoretically with practical values. The difference of (0.008) for these results enables us to apply these variables in further studies.


Article
Contribution of early thermal gradient within initial set period and curing methods on O.C. concrete compressive strength with the aid of maturity concept
مساهمة التغير الحراري المبكر ضمن فترة التماسك الابتدائي وطريقة المعالجة على مقاومة الإنضغاط لخرسانة ألإسمنت ألإعتيادي باستخدام مفهوم الانضاج

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The present research aims at the effect of early thermal gradient( initial setting) on o.c. concrete compressive strength with the aid of maturity concept:- Standard cylindrical ∅ 150 * 300 mm concrete sealed specimens (( content by weight 400 kg/m3 cement) were subjected to a temperature of 4˚C for the duration of initial setting times ( 2 hrs. ) then later (removing sealed) on to standard temperature of 20 ˚C until 360 days at moisture and air curred conditions to be finally tested in compression at the prementioned dates . The same procedure was exactly repeated but the concrete specimens were subjected to 50˚C at the initial setting times . The final outcome showed that generally speaking the strength development was slower for the specimens subjected to 4˚C than those at 50˚C at the initial setting times but,beyond the age of 7 days approximately until 360 days the compressive strength gains more in strength for the specimens subjected to 4˚C than those at 50˚C as compared with same mixture subjected to 20˚C .


Article
Bacteriological study of urinary tract infection to children in Kirkuk city
دراسة بكتريولوجيه لألتهاب المجاري البولية لدى الأطفال في مدينة كركوك

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this study has been conducted to examine the existence of the bacteria causing urinary tract infections (UTI) for children and its isolation .Besides ,this study aims at testing the sensitivity of this bacteria to antibiotics in order to recognize the active antibiotic against its in order to study the impact of such factors as age and sex of the child on its spread, 100 samples of urine from children (aged 1 day to 15 years ) suffering from (UTI )from julio. 1, 2015—octubre,1-2015. when this culture was planted in suitable cultural media,45 sample showed a positive bacterial growth at %45.Other 55 samples did not show any bacterial growth at %55. Later,the growing bacterial colonies were isolated and diagnosed by microscopical,cultural and biochemical tests. The study comes up with the conclusion that the Escherichia coli was the most prevalent pathogenic causes..It represented 20 cases of infection at %44,4.The percentage of female infection was %34,4 and the male percentages was %10. the proteus spp recorded 12 cases of infeaction at %26,6 the pseudomonas recorded 4 cases,the enterobacter spp recorded 3 cases ,the streptococcus faecalis,citrobacter spp,staph citreus recorded 2 case only.The percentage of female infection was greater than male infection in all isolates besides most infections at1-5 years old children were reduced,The Escherichia coli showed hyper sensitivity to ciprofloxacin and amikacin at %90 while it was resistant to tobrmycin and erythromycin. the proteus showed higher sensitivity to ciprofloxacin ,amikacin andTobramycin at%100 but it was resistant to Erythromycin .The klebsiella showed higher sensitivity to nalidixic acid,ciprofloxacin and Nitrofurantion but it was resistant to erythromycin . The isolates of pseudomonas showed its hyper sensitivity to Tobromycin,Gentamicin ,tetracycline and Amikacin but it was medium sensitive to Ciprofloxacin,Erythromycin. The Entrobacter spp showed its hyper sensitive to Nitrofurantion, Ciprofloxacin but it was resistant to erythromycin ,while the Citrobacter spp showed its intermediate sensitivity to all used antibiotics. The streptococcus faecalis showed that it is hyper sensitive to Nalidixic acid at%100 but it was resistant to Nitrofurantion and Pencillin, the staphylococcus citreus showed that it is sensitive to Nalidixic acid at%90 and medium resistant to Azithromycin , pencillin.


Article
Antimicrobials Sensitivity of Gram- Positive and Gram- Negative Bacteria Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections in Mosul City
الحساسية للمضادات المايكروبية للجراثيم الموجبة والسالبة لصبغة كرام المعزولة من التهابات القناة البولية في مدينة الموصل

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250 samples of urine, 191 female and 59 male with different age (3 month to 80 years) in the period from September 2012 till January 2013, were collected from patients suspected to be infected with UTI from Al- Zahrawi and Ibn- Sinna hospital in Mosul city. Samples were cultured on selective media, the isolates were diagnosed according to the cultural & morphological characteristics, biochemical tests and API 20E. 127 isolates obtained (51%) belonged to Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria and yeasts. Staphylococcus aureus was the most isolated bacteria with (42.5%) followed by Escherichia coli with ( 21.3%), while other species were different in isolation rates. The activity of antimicrobials showed absolute sensitivity to (IMP) Imipenem against Gram negative bacteria while these isolates were more resistant to (IMC) Amoxicillin-Clavulinic acid, (RA) Rifampin, (AM) Ampicillin, while the Gram positive bacteria were sensitive to (VA) Vancomycin (100%) and highly resistant to (DA) Clindamycin, (E) Erythromycin and (ME) Methicillin.


Article
Comparative study between the parabolic and circular pads on the performance of the hydrodynamic bearing
دراسة مقارنة بين الوسادة على شكل قطع مكافئ وعلى شكل دائري على أداء المسند الهيدروديناميكي

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This work is a theoretical study of the performance of the hydrodynamic bearing having three pads ( parabola surface shape ) and this is compared with the performance of three circular shape pads . Reynolds equation is solved numerically using finite differences technique, A computer programe is build used the (MATLAB).The relationship between external load (W) and the pad tail displacement (g)is proportional, and also between (H) and (g) ، while the relationship between (Q) and (g) and between (Ф) and (g) are inverse proportional . The results of this research show that the pads tail displacement has a greater effect on this bearing performance (parabola shape) , than the tilt angle (α) on the bearing performance comparative with (circular shape).


Article
Prevalence of Hydatidosis among slaughtered ruminants in Arbil slaughter house, Arbil, Iraq
دراسة مسحية للإصابة بداء الأكياس المائية في الحيوانات المجزورة في مجزرة أربيل

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A survey study was carried out in Arbil slaughter house to show the prevalence of hydatid cysts among the slaughtered animals during a year 2016. The slaughtered animals were local breeds, both sexes (male and female), different ages and from different region in Arbil governorate. Macroscopic examination by nacked eye and hand palpitations were opptied Aetiry hydatid. The study samples include (115831 sheep, 26350 goat, 17465 cattle). The over cul rate of hydatidosis was 1.34% (2148 animal from 159646) among the whole slaughtered animals, this rate was involve 3.24% in cattle, 1.14% in sheep and 0.95% in goat. The highest whole infection rate in slaughtered animals was in spring (3.41%). Whear as lower whole infection was in winter (1.33%). The study also exert, that highest infection rate of cattle, goat and sheep with hydatidosis in April were (5.76%, 2.29%, 2.20%) respectively. The rate in lung cyst was 1.23%, this rate was distributed in to (2.34% in cattle, 0.72% in sheep, 0.64% in goat). While in the liver the respectively, rate was 0.61% , they invul Vot(0.99% in cattle, 0.44% in sheep and 0.42% in goats).


Article
The Protective effect of of Water Extract of Opuntia Ficus-indica on Liver Hepatotoxicity of Carbon Tetra Chloride in Male Rats
التأثير الوقائي الكبدي للمستخلص المائي لنبات الصبار في الذكور السليمة والمصابة بالتسمم الكبدي المستحدث برابع كلوريد الكاربون

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the plant Opuntia ficus-indica against the toxicity of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rat males. Seventy five rats were divided into five groups of 15 rats each. The first group was a negative control and the other 60 rats were given 1ml/kg.b.w. CCl4 once each 3 days for 12, 18 and 30 days. Then they This study was designed to investigate the protective effects of the water extract of were divided into four groups, the first group served as positive control (CCl4 only) while the second, third and fourth groups were given 0.25, 0.50 and 1ml/100 gm.b.w. of water extract of the plant daily, respectively. Results indicated that CCl4 caused a significant increase in the activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Furthermore, CCl4 caused a decrease in the concentration of glutathione (GSH) and an increase in the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the positive control group. As well the groups were treated with plant extract,showeda significant decrease in the levels of ALT, AST, ALP and LDH. Other results is significant increase in GSH and significant decrease in MDA concentration. It was concluded that water extract of the plant Opuntia ficus-indica ameliorated the toxic effects of CCl4. It is concluded from the present study that the Opuntia ficus-indica water extract has a protective effect on the liver also enhancing the antioxidant defense system and suppresses lipid peroxidation.


Article
Propose Two Methods To Find Values of The Aligned And Unaligned Inductance of The Switched Reluctance Motor
اقتراح طريقتين لإيجاد قيمتي المحاثة المصطفة وغير المصطفة لمحركات المعاوقة المفتاحية

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Aligned and unaligned inductances of SRM are needed for modeling and simulation program. Two simple methods have been suggested in this research to measure value of these inductances. It has been compared between two method depending on the shape of the motor current taken practically with the simulation current after compensating the value of the inductance in the simulation model and chose the most accurate method to measure the inductance. The values of the aligned and unaligned inductance in both methods in sequence are (101, 70, 74.5, 59.5). Through compensation the inductance values in the simulation model and compare the performance of this model with the practical performance, it was reached that the first test the nearest 93% of the practical value compared with the second test, which reaches matching ratio to 79%. The specification motor used was: type motor-SRM80L, Power rated=550watt, Number of phases=4, Number of poles 8 in stator and 4 in rotor, rated speed=1000rpm, rated torque=5N.m, rated current=4.5A, Driver AC=230v, Motor DC=285v.


Article
Detecting and Classifying Defects in Textile Fabrics with Gabor Filters and Neural Network
اكتشاف وتصنيف العيوب في الأقمشة المنسوجة بواسطة فلاتر جابور والشبكة العصبية

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Given the importance of the industry and because the quality of the products reflect the promoted and progress and the advancement of the economy of any country , including the textile industry one of the most important industries that require quality. As the methods of automation was necessary to use computer vision and image processing to increase the speed and efficiency of this process. Aims of the proposed work to integrate the image processing methods and intelligence techniques as well as statistical approaches. Where analysis techniques multiple scales multi-scale and multi-directional multi-orientation as a filter Gabor are used. And this filter has proven its efficiency in edge detection and give the best features by which they are distinguished types of defects which you may get during the spinning and weaving . Hence the formulation of how they can address the installation of textile and defective areas of the cloth and to identify any kind of flaws in them. To raise the level of this process when checking woven-fabrics and identify defects. The proposed work includes two phases, the first phase is to detects detection in fabric images and the second stage is the stage of classification defects. At the separation phase image is converted into frequency space by conversion sinus intermittent (DCT). Then features are extracted and inserted into the Backpropagation neural network where the separation process is done. Either at the stage of classification are images are converted into frequency domain by Gabor transmition .And then draw features images are inserted into the Backpropagation neural network to classify fabric defects in those images . To verify the efficiency of the techniques used, live images were collected as a database of fabrics from the textile laboratory in Mosul as well as the local market. The fabrics were carefully chosen with fabrics of different types and colors and fourteen different types of Fabric defects. System was used (Matlab 2013). Explained the proposed work discrimination ratio ( 97.5%) compared to the results of the other works in the same field approach.

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