جدول المحتويات

مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية

ISSN: 18192068
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

1. أسم المجلة : مجلة البحوث التربوية و النفسية
2. اختصاص المجلة : علوم تربوية ونفسية
3. جهة الاصدار : مركز البحوث التربوية والنفسية
4. سنة الاصدار : 1979
5. نوع الاصدار : فصلي
6. انجازات المجلة : 53 عدد
7. الجوائز الحاصلة عليها المجلة : كتب شكر عديدة
8. الاهداف الموسومة من المجلة :
- تنشيط حركة البحث العلمي في مجالات العلوم التربوية والنفسية، من خلال نشر البحوث التي تتوفر فيها شروط البحث العلمي الرصين
- نشر الوعي في القضايا التربوية والنفسية في الوسط الجامعي ومؤسسات المجتمع الاخرى .
- متابعة ما يستجد من نتاج علمي في حقول التربية وعلم النفس وطنياً وعربياً .
9. لغة النشر : عربية – انكليزية
10. نطاق التوزيع : داخل وخارج العراق
11. طريقة التحكيم العلمي (تقييم البحوث ) : ترسل الى خبير علمي متخصص .
12. مصادر التمويل: تمويل ذاتي
13. سعر النسخة : 25.000 خمسة عشر الف دينار للنسخة
14. المستلات واعدادها : مستلان لكل بحث

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معلومات الاتصال

jouranlepr@yahoo.com
موقع المجلة
http://jperc.uobaghdad.edu.iq/

009647503725675 whatsApp / viber

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: العدد: 54

Article
اثر تصميم تعليمي قائم على ستراتيجية التعليم من اجل الفهم في تحصيل مادة الرياضيات لدى طالبات الصف الخامس العلمي

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الخلاصة

The objective of the current research is to identify the effective of the suggested instructional design that based on the teaching strategy for understanding in achievement for students(girls) of mathematics in the fifth grads secondary school. To achieve the research goal, the empirical research method is depended. In this method a realistic empirical design pre-test of two equivalent sets to determine the students’ grade is used. The following zero hypotheses is formulated “There is no statistical difference for the faction at 0.05 between the mean grad for the students of the empirical group who studied the subject using the Instructional design based on the teaching strategy for understanding and those who studied the same subject using traditional way in the grade testing”. The research society is determined with the studying secondary school for girls in public directorate Baghdad AL-Kurkh. 58 students in the fifth grade are selected randomly Then they are divided into two groups; empirical group are taught according to the the suggested instructional design that based on the teaching strategy for understanding and uniform group that are taught using the traditional way. The equivalence between the two groups is made using different variables (age, the previous grade for mathematic subject, intelligent and previous knowledge in mathematic test). To achieve the experiment's aims and collect its information, a multiple choices identification test of 40 objective paragraphs is formulated. After the test is presented to a set of experts and it is verified, it is applied o an exploratory sample to determine the test paragraph clarity, test instruction and test time, make an appropriate statistical analysis and validate the test verification and reliability. After that the test is be applied on the one research group. The results show that student that are taught it’s the instructional design is perform higher than the student who taught within the traditional way. The research conclude that teaching with the instruction design that based on the teaching strategy for understanding. Impact in improving the student grades of the empirical group than uniform group. Emphasis on under standing the subject and related the new topic with the previous one, lead to the cohesion of the scientific subject for them, that provide high ability of thinking and information using. For future work, we suggest make a similar sting for boys within the same grade to compare the results and also make a study using teaching strategy for understanding as a frame work on the graduated students in the mathematic department of educational colleges; by considering them as a teach in the future; analyze its impact on their students during their training in secondary school.  


Article
Violence in late age of human life
العنف الموجه ضد الاعمار المتأخرة من حياة الانسان دراسة ميدانية لدور المسنين في بغداد

المؤلفون: عدنان ياسين مصطفى --- ميسم ياسين عبيد
الصفحات: 23-60
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الخلاصة

This study focused on the various forms of violence that aged people encounter in their late life, the significance of taking measures that enhance not only the welfare for aged people but also the influence of early stage of life and how the old age effects on people experience throughout their live. Further, the importance of raising the awareness among communities to the extent of seriousness of old age in order to teach children the right habits and traditions, which are faded away over time. The researcher indicated that raising the avenues of collaboration among home members, social organization, and all governmental facilities will support and provide a good treatment for this group of people


Article
دور الارشاد التربوي في محاربة المخدرات وتحقيق الامن النفسي من وجهة نظر المدرسين المرشدين

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الخلاصة

The research study aims to investigate the prevalence of the phenomenon of drags and the causes of this phenomenon from the teachers point of view Two hundred Teachers participated in this study Questionnaire was used to collect the data . The results emphasized the importance 0f the educational counseling through different procedure to prevent drugs abuse . the results also suggested that the educational counselors should provide some information that would help to prevent this phenomenon.


Article
أزمة النزوح والأمن الانساني في العراق "تحديات التكيف ومخاضات الانتماء" " دراسة ميدانية للأسر النازحة في بغداد واربيل "

المؤلفون: وليد عبد جبر
الصفحات: 80-130
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الخلاصة

abstract In recent years, the attention of the international community and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations has grown into a new dimension of population displacement, called displacement within the country as a result of conflicts and the expansion of tacit groups, using sentences to describe such conflicts as "identity-based conflict", "ethnic conflict" "Sectarian conflict", in an attempt to determine the nature and characterization of those conflicts. In such conflict-stricken conditions, the value of a citizen - a person not directly involved in the conflict - is measured by the potential gains that that person has made to the conflicting parties, as civilians have been indirect victims of military operations, Favorite belligerent. When the population is not a direct target of the attacks, they are taken hostage, forcibly recruited, forced into forced labor, or moved to achieve a demographic, political, ethnic or sectarian balance. The problem of internally displaced persons has become a recognized phenomenon today and has become an important part of human rights and human rights organizations. The study is comprised of two theoretical and field aspects, and aims to shed light on the repercussions of the displacement crisis in the absence of security and social stability and on the principles of human rights and human development indicators, as well as the reasons that led to the sustainability of the displacement crisis in Iraq throughout history, And their implications for identity classification And to identify the obstacles of non-adaptation and integration with the customs and traditions of the community of displacement and their implications for their affiliations. The research employed a theoretical framework for interpreting the studied phenomenon. The field research was based on a random sample of 211 respondents from heads of displaced families in Arbil and Baghdad. It also used several scientific methods and statistical tools to collect data for analysis.


Article
Down Syndrome causes, symptoms, and most important methods of functional treatment
متلازمة داون اسبابه، اعراضه، واهم طرق العلاج الوظيفي

المؤلفون: Natik Fahal A-Kubaisy ناطق فحل الكبيسي
الصفحات: 131-149
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الخلاصة

This study is descriptive and theory of Dawn syndrome as the problem of research lies in the need to identify the identification of the causes of Dawn syndrome and its symptoms and methods of dealing with it, which has become a problem that needs treatment, especially after the numbers have become high in Iraq, which has not yet taken the necessary importance for treatment and care. The objectives of the research were summarized in the identification of the most important causes of Dawn syndrome and its symptoms and diagnosis and ways or methods of dealing with people with Dawn syndrome in order to develop therapeutic plans for him. The terms of research and presentation of literature have been identified in the relevant theoretical aspect as well as a series of previous local and Arab studies. The research came out with a number of recommendations and suggestions.

الكلمات الدلالية

Down Syndrome causes --- symptoms --- متلازمة داون اسبابه


Article
The Effect of Carin Model in The Achievement of The First Intermediate Grade Students and Their Reflective Thinking in Physics Subject.
أثر انموذج Carin في تحصيل طلاب الصف الأول المتوسط لمادة الفيزياء وتفكيرهم التأملي

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الخلاصة

Abstrat: The Current research aims to identify ( the effect of Carin model in the achievement of the first intermediate Grade Students and their Reflective Thinking in physics Subject ) the researcher selected the experimental design with a partial adjust , The research sample consisted of ( 47 ) Students with ( 23 ) Students in the experimental group and ( 24 ) Students in the control group , The two groups rewarded in the variables chronological age in months , Reflective Thinking and the degrees in physics in the first course. The researcher coined the purposes of behavioral which belong to chapter fifth, sixth, and seventh of physics books scheduled of the school year ( 2015-2016 ) and prepared appropriate lesson plans for the two experimental and control group. As for the two research tools, the researcher prepared the achievement test consists of ( 30 ) objectivity paragraph of multiple choice , the researcher has adopted the Reflective Thinking scale of ( Eysenck & Weilson ). The psychometric properties were accounted for them and the statistical tools has been used ( coefficient of difficulty, discrimination power equation, t-test, alfa-cronbach equation and Keord- Richardson 20 equation ). To analysis the results that showed the superiority of the experimental group Students of the control group Students in each of the achievement test and Reflective Thinking scale. According to this situation , the researcher had a number of recommendations including the adopting of carin model in teaching physics and complementing this research, The researcher suggested conducting similar research in other classrooms and other study material.


Article
Teaching Using Adey- Shire Model and its Effect in Achievement and Critical Thinking for first intermediate students in Mathematics
التدريس بأنموذج أدي وشاير واثره في التحصيل والتفكير الناقد لطالبات الصف الاول متوسط في الرياضيات

المؤلفون: سهاد عبد النبي سلمان صحو
الصفحات: 179-203
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الخلاصة

The aim of this research is to measure the effect of Adey- Shire model in the achievement and critical thinking of first intermediate female students in mathematics. The researcher adopted the experimental method with a post-test, the research of sample consists of (60) female students, divided into two groups with (30) students in the experimental group, that studied with Adey- Shire model, and (30) students in the control group who studied in the usual way. The two groups are equivalent in many variables. The researcher makes two tests of multiple choices, the first one is an achievement test consists (30) items and another test was for a critical thinking test with (25) items. The statistical analysis make to both tests is made with sycometerics proprieties extraction. The result showed that there are statistical differences between the experimental group and the control group in achievement and critical thinking tests for the experimental side.


Article
التربية والتعليم من خلال الشخصيات القرآنية

المؤلفون: دلال كاظم عبيد
الصفحات: 204-240
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الخلاصة

Research summed up as follows: Quranic personalities, as a source of learning resources, the researcher explained through it, Quranic personal importance, in terms of moral and educational values, or in terms of the lesson and sermon, and the nature of these characters through the values of good and evil. The first chapter: Definition of research: (the importance of research, the research problem, the goal of the research, the limits of the research, research methodology, the definition of terms). The second chapter: the Quranic personalities that are good in terms of: (view verses own personality, definition, interpretation of the verses, personal characteristics, and notes on personal features). The third chapter: sinister characters in terms of: (View verses of personality, character definition, interpretation of the verses, features and notes). The fourth chapter: dealt with educational values and lessons learned lesson and sermon, (Education). The fifth chapter: findings and recommendations, and a summary of Research in the Arabic language, and abstract in English.


Article
العنف الاسري وتأثيره على صحة الطفل بحث ميداني / في قضاء المدائن لمدينة بغداد

المؤلفون: دينا داود محمد المولى
الصفحات: 241-261
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الخلاصة

Children are the victims most tragic and suffering among the other categories, particularly using the ugliest attacks by their families because of the Family pressures of economic and especially resulting from inadequate family income and other factors leading to domestic violence, for example, family disputes and the disintegration of the family, inequality and segregation between family members and the use of violence as a means to solve problems and this is what is reflected on the child's health due to the processes of socialization inadequate and contradictory and loose had not depend on the principles of punishment and reward and imponderables between soft and intensity of treatment and methods of interaction with the child would be exposed to behavioral abnormalities in the future.


Article
The rights of non-Muslims in the Islamic state
حقوق غير المسلم في الدولة الإسلامية

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الخلاصة

The Islamic religion is a religion of tolerance and is pleased with worship and other legislation and the idea of peace is an authentic and profound idea related to the call for coexistence with all religions. The Prophet (PBUH) was keen to organize his relations with non-Muslims on the basis of cohabitation, On the basis of love and intolerance, God Almighty says: "If your Lord wants to make people one nation and they are still backward." Surah Hud: 118 Islam has taken care of the people and made them tolerant brothers who sympathize with their different beliefs. Which means that everyone has the right to live, believe and believe what he sees right and have the freedom to perform the acts of worship and beliefs he deems correct. The diversity of society is only a health condition that gives hope to the existence of beauty and life derived from the Almighty saying: (Oh people I created you from male and female and made you people and tribes to know each other)Surah Al - Khajrat: 13

الكلمات الدلالية

The rights of non-Muslims --- حقوق غير المسلم


Article
Test anxiety for intermediate level
قلق الامتحان لدى طلبة المرحله المتوسطة

المؤلفون: جيهان عبد حداد القيسي
الصفحات: 275-301
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الخلاصة

Test anxiety for intermediate level The current study aims to measure the test anxiety of research’s sample and to identify the statistical differences of test anxiety, considering two variables gender and students classes level (first and third intermediate class). To do this, a stratified random sampling of (300) student from first and third intermediate classes had selected from both the karkh and Rusafa sides of Baghdad province for the academic year 2015-2016. The author tested the whole sample by using the test anxiety scale that had tested for its validity and reliability. The results revealed that the research’s sample as a whole was suffering from test anxiety, there were a statistical differences between male and female that account to female, there were no a statistical differences according to students classes levels, and finally, there were no a statistical differences in correlation between Gender and students classes levels.

الكلمات الدلالية

قلق الامتحان --- Test anxiety


Article
الصحة النفسية لذوي الأعاقة الحركية في محافظة بغداد

المؤلفون: حيدر كامل مهدي النصراوي
الصفحات: 302-325
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الخلاصة

The aims of this research are : 1. To measure mental health among disabled in Baghdad. 2. To identify the statistical differences in mental health among disabled in Baghdad according to gender. 3. To identify the statistical differences in mental health among disabled in Baghdad according to age. The scale of mental health (Aljbori&abdulhussin,2015) was adopted by the researcher, A purposely sample were selected of (60) disabled at Iraqi Alliance of Disabilitiv (IAD) in academic year 2015 to 2016. Where data have analyzed by SPSS. The results found. 1. The disabled characterized with good level of mental heath. 2. There was no significant differences between ganders 3. There are no significant differences between age. Results and recommendation for research are discussed.


Article
Analysis of third intermediate chemistry book following sustainable development standards
تحليل محتوى كتاب الكيمياء للصف الثالث المتوسط وفقا لأبعاد التنمية المستدامة

المؤلفون: موفق عبدالزهرة عبدالرضا
الصفحات: 326-350
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الخلاصة

The current research seeks to Analyze third intermediate chemistry book following sustainable development standards for academic year (2016-2017). To do this, a list of sustainable development standards that should be included in chemistry book was designed based on the previous studies. The first version of the list consisted of (50) sub-case divided into three standards (social, economic, and environmental) which was exposed to group of experts in teaching chemistry and teaching methods. The list has modified to (43) sub-case. The researcher followed the implicit and explicit meaning in his analysis: one for recording and repetition and the other for frequency. The result showed that third intermediate chemistry book has achieved (20) sub-case at (%46.51) level.


Article
The Effect of Lead Time Strategy on the First Intermediate Class Pupils' Achievement in Geography
اثر استراتيجية زمن الانتظار في تحصيل طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط في مادة الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The study aims at finding out the effect of the lead time strategy on the first intermediate class pupils' achievement in geography The partial experimental design of two groups, experimental and control, with pre-post tests is used. The sample is represented in (73) female pupils. The sample is divided into two groups (37) experimental group and (36) control one. The sam ple is selected from first intermediate class pupils ( Al Batol intermediate school for girls) Baghdad Al-karkh-3, for academic year 2015-2016 The researcher has equalized the two groups in several variables: the previous achievement tests, intelligence, age in months, the scores of geography test of first course


Article
(The impact of strategy warhead numbered in the collection of second grad students At the medium in history)
اثر استراتيجية الرؤوس المرقمة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة التاريخ

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الخلاصة

يهدف البحث الحالي إلى معرفة على" أثر إستراتيجية الرؤوس المرقمة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة التاريخ ". ولتحقيق ذلك افترضت الباحثة انه ليس هناك فرق ذو دلالة إحصائية بين متوسط درجات تحصيل طالبات المجموعة التجريبية اللائي يدرسن مادة التاريخ العربي الاسلامي بإستراتيجية الرؤوس المرقمة ومتوسط درجات تحصيل طالبات المجموعة الضابطة اللائي يدرسن المادة نفسها بالطريقة التقليدية. وتكونت عينة الدراسة من (64) طالبة من طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في ثانوية ورقة بن نوفل في المديرية العامة لتربية الكرخ / الاولى في بغداد للعام الدراسي 2015-2016 وزعت عينة الدراسة على مجموعتين بواقع (32) طالبة للمجموعة التجريبية ومثلها للمجموعة الضابطة. أجرت الباحثة التكافؤ بين مجموعتي البحث في متغيرات عدة هي: ( العمر الزمني للطالبات محسوباً بالشهور، التحصيل الدراسي للوالدين ، درجات نصف السنة لمادة التاريخ العربي الاسلامي للعام(2015-2016)، ودرجات المعرفة السابقة ، والذكاء). قامت الباحثة بتدريس المجموعتين بنفسها ، شعبة (ب) تمثل المجموعة التجريبية التي درست بإستراتيجية الرؤوس المرقمة وشعبة (أ) تمثل المجموعة الضابطة التي درست بالطريقة التقليدية واستغرقت التجربة (شهرين)


Article
Emotional maturation and its relation with leading behavior among the lecturers of Baghdad university
النضج الأ نفعالي وعلاقته بالسلوك القيادي لدى التدريسي في جامعة بغداد

المؤلفون: لطيف غازي مكي
الصفحات: 411-446
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الخلاصة

Self is the main factor of personality and the acceptance of others where each of them are connecting and plays an important role in emotional maturation. The researches affirmed that the leading behavior depending on good human relations between the employers and the employees will enhance their goals and the goals of the institution at the same time . This study aims to measure the emotional maturation among the leactures of the university according to sex variable and identify the correlation between emotional maturation and the level of leading behavior among the lecturers of the university. The sample consists of two samples where the lst is to build the measwe consisting of (200)males and famales lecturers and the 2nd which is the main application one consisting of (400) males and females lecturers where there are (200) males and (200) females. And the sample selected randomly. The researcher res to humber of results : 1. The sample, according to the comparison between the mean and hypothetical one , characterized with emotional maturation at (0,05) significance level. 2. The sample ,according to the comparison between the meam and hypothetional one, characterized with leading at (0,05) sighifigance level . 3. There are no statistical significant differences in the scale of leading behavior according to sex variable at (0,05) signifigance level. 4. There are no statistical significant differences in the seals of emotional maturation according to sex variable at (0,05) significance level. 5. There is high positive correlation between the scale of emotional maturation and the scale of leading behavior which is (0,21) among the lecturers of the university at (0,05) significance level. The researcher reaches to number of suggestions and conclusions


Article
Bayer effective strategy in the development of deductive thinking when students fifth grade literary material in history
فاعلية استراتيجية باير في تنمية التفكير الاستدلالي عند طالبات الصف الخامس الادبي في مادة التاريخ

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الخلاصة

Supervised By : Prof. dr. Shaker Jaseem Mohammed This research aims to identify the (effectiveness of Bayer's strategy in the development of deductive thinking among students in the fifth grade literary material European history) and to achieve the goal set researcher null hypothesis of the following: • There is no statistically significant difference between the average scores of the experimental group which studied the use of Bayer's strategy and the control group, which studied the use of the usual way in the development of deductive reasoning. The study sample consisted of (84 students) of the students in the fifth grade literary breeding Baghdad / Karkh second Directorate for the academic year 2015-2016 were distributed Aanhaldrash Buaq the two groups (43 students) of the experimental group (41 students) of the control group.


Article
The effectiveness of instructional design according to whole brain theory of Herman in the achievement of chemistry of the fifth scientific students
فاعلية تصميم تعليمي على وفق نظرية الدماغ الكلي لهيرمان في تحصيل مادة الكيمياء عند طالبات الخامس العلمي

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الخلاصة

The research aimed to identify the effectiveness of instructional design according to whole brain theory of Herman in the achievement of chemistry at the fifth scientific students at a secondary school of the General Directorate for Educational in Diyala / Baladruz in Iraq. The research sample Consisted of (57 student, (29) students as experimental group studied according to instructional design strategies for whole brain theory of Herrmann and (28) a student as a control group studied by the usual way for two semesters, a prepared achievement test as article and objective type of multiple choice, the coefficient stability of alpha-Cronbach equation reached (0.86). The research Results showed the presence of a statistically significant difference between the experimental and control groups for the experimental group and the size of a large effect.


Article
The Effectiveness of Employing Microteaching in Acquiring Teaching Skills for Students Teaching The Basic Stage in Al-Aqsa University- Gaza
فاعلية توظيف التدريس المصغر في إكساب مهارات التدريس لطلبة تعليم المرحلة الأساسية في جامعة الأقصى – غزة

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الخلاصة

The study aims to identify the effectiveness of employing microteaching in acquiring teaching skills of students teaching basic stage in Al-Aqsa University. The two researchers used the experimental method and a quota sample consisted of a group of (80) students who were distributed on the university two branches in Gaza and Khan younis and on males and females equally, and on four teaching courses counted (20) students for each. The study tool represented in an observation card ,and the results showed statistically significant differences between the level of all the skills of teaching and between the standard rate (75%) in favor of teaching skills, also showed statistically significant differences attributed to the variable of the university branch in favor of Khan younis branch, and statistically significant differences attributed to gender in favor of females, as well as statistically significant differences attributed to the variable of the type of course (Arabic language, mathematics, science, social studies) in favor of mathematics.


Article
Complex thinking among secondary school student in accordance with the views of lipman
التفكير المركب لدى طلبة المرحلة الثانوية وفق اراء ليبمان

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الخلاصة

The current study has sought to identify the levels of the compound thinking among secondary school students basing and relying on the opinions of Lipman who sees that the compound thinking consists of creative thinking and critical thinking, In accordance with this point of view, researchers have resorted to build scale of the critical thinking in its final form of (28) item additionally to the adoption of Torrance for the creative thinking which was translated by sayed. Khairallah in 1981 after confirming psychometric Properties Of both scales and then collect scores of both scales and be the final score represented the level of the compound thinking that has been shown by the results of secondary school students they have no skill of the compound thinking . It has shown , on other hand , that there were no significant differences in favor of males in the skill level of the compound thinking as well as it has shown scientific specialization advantage over specialization humanitarian in the level of possession of the skill of the compound thinking and there was no interaction between gender "sex" and specialization in the level of the compound thinking as well as the research has focused and found a set of recommendations and proposals , the most important one is concentrated in the need to develop the quality of teaching and methods in order to be able to develop the type of thinking methods, it has also recommended in the current research the critical need to conduct similar studies to determine the level of critical thinking among secondary school teachers.


Article
The dimensions forMarzano of learning and its relation with crisis management for teachers Kindergartens
ابعاد التعلم لمارز انو وعلاقته بأساليب ادارة الازمات لمعلمات الرياض

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الخلاصة

importumt educational institution as (kindergartens) need teachers which qualified ownes modalities in their education for children , as Marzanu method in a way of learning and own methods of crisis management, because the teachers that own those styles of learning ginekindergarten children knowledge and the childrenIeaving based on theMeaing and knowledge and integration of their information, And teachers that earn methods of crisis management provide for the children of the kindergarten security within the educational institution which in turn affect the growth and development of the Child and then abilities, health physical, mental, psychological …etc.., The aims of the current research have identified to recognize: 1- the dimensions for Marzanuof learningfor kindergartenteachers according to the five dimensions (trends positive and perceptions toward learning, knowledge acquisition and its integration, deepening the knowledge and refined meaningful, use of the knowledge, habits ofproductive mind). 2-the methods of crisis management for kindergarten teachers according to the four methods (initial study of the dimensions of the crisis, the analytical study of the crises, scientific planning to deal with the crisis, the actual intervention to face the crisis). 3. The relationship between the dimensions of learning for Marzanumethods in crisis management for kindergartenteachers . The current research Is defined by : 1.the governmentkindergarten related to the six educationdirectordes in Baghdad city both side (Al Karakh and Al rosafa). 2. The teachers exited in a kindergarten in the city of Baghdad in the sixdirectorates of the education both (Al Karakh and Al rosafa). 3. The Academic Year (2015- 2016). In order to achieve the objectives of the search the sample of kindergarten teachers in the city of Baghdad is cosist of (400), the teacher to answer the gauge babysitting where they selected randomly simple way form (51)kindergarten distributed in six Education directorates, and to measure learning dimensions for Marzanuand its relationship to the methods of crisis management researcher sought to : building Measure mat (dimensions of Marzanulearning)according to five dimensions (trends positive and perceptions toward learning, knowledge acquisition integration, deepening the knowledge and refined meaningful, use the of knowledge, habits of mind) and building et methods of crisis management in product four methods are ( the initial study of the dimensions of the crisis, the analytical study of the crises, scientific planning to deal with the crisis, the actual intervention to face the crisis), These twomeasurementexperts a group of twenty two experts with scientific in kindergarten and measurement and evaluation and educational administration for the two measurement to demonstrate the validity of the paragraphs of the measurement and the researcher used two indicators of the truth, (the apparent Trueness and trueness of construction) whilemeasurement the stability standards of had extracted by researcher for each measurement of two types of stability the coefficient of stability the measurement of dimensions of MR learning in a re-testing is (0.79)andAlfa Cronbachmanner is (0.86) andstability of the measurement methods of crisis management in a manner re-testing (0,74)and the way Alfa Cronbach(0,84). In the measurement objectives of the current research after the application of the to the sample and analysis of their responses statistically using Ttest onesamples and Pearson correlation coefficient and the research conclue the following results: 1. The teachers of the kindergarten using the dimensions of the five learning in the MR model (that includes several educational theories in its model such as Piaget theory representation in harmonizing the Cooperative Learning based on problems OZBELtheory is on and use the reward and training and feedback. 2. All the teachers of the kindergarten this country the four methods of management of the crises in general way as a result of the circumstance of unstable security, which requires know all methods of management of crises within the kindergarten or outside it. 3. The teachers that use the dimensions of the five learning MR also have the methods of crisis management because of availability of analytical side of thought and knowledge related on that help the teachers to reinvent modern methods in the management of the crises that may bethe teachers exposed within the kindergarten or outside it. In light of these results, the researcher putsomeimportant andrecommendationssuggests.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
اثر استراتيجية لوحة الاختيار (Think-tac-toe ) في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة علم الاحياء

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الخلاصة

The research aims to know the impact of using the strategy (think-tac-toe) in the achievement of Biology subject for female students of fourth grade scientific branch. The research sample consisted of 70female students the of fourth Grade scientific Branch . The students were divide randomly, equally to two groups, experimental and control group. the two groups are equaled in the variable ( intelligence, age, previous information, former achievement of biology subject ) and the strategy applied over the entire semester. built an achievement test and it has been the expense of validity, and the reliability and The psychometric properties, and the data were analyzed statistically by recourse to Statistical package SPSS, the results showed a statistically significant difference between the experimental group female students who studied according strategy (think-tac-toe) and the control group who studied according the usual method , in achievement test for experimental group . In light of the findings conclude that the use of strategy (think- tac-toe) for female students of 4th grade scientific branch is an effect in raising the level of academic achievement . Accordingly, recommends for adoption the strategy of (think-tac-toe) in teaching, and suggests further studies to know this strategy impact on academic achievement for a various grades .


Article
اثـر انمــوذج 4EX2 في تعديل الفهم الخاطئ للمفاهيم الكيميائية لطلاب الصف الثالث المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The Current research aims to identify ( The effects of 4EX2 Model in Misconception of Chemical concepts and Higher Order Thinking for the Students of the Third grade average ) , To verify the objective of this research , the researchers added nul hypothesis following : There is no difference is statistically significant at the level of ( 0.05 ) between the average scores of students who studied 4EX2 Model and the average students who studied by using the Misconception of Chemical concepts and Higher Order Thinking test. The research was conducted on a sample of the average Third grade students in a Baghdad secretary for boys affiliated to the General Directorate for Educational in Baghdad Al – karkh 3 and for academic year ( 2015 – 2016 ) , the researchers adopted a two Experimental design as research sample ( 86 ) students from the average Third grade students were Selected randomly by the division of A by ( 43 ) students stood to represent the control group , who studied by using traditional method and the Division B by ( 43 ) students groups to represent the Experimental group that studied 4EX2 Model and rewarded the two groups in the Variables (chronological age in months and collection former in the subject of chemistry, previous and chemistry, information , Misconception of Chemical concepts) , and has one of the researchers thought himself by the two groups in two servings per week for each group , was preparing , Misconception of Chemical concepts test including ( 60 ) were verified face validity , by submitting it to a group of specialists , then applied on a prospective sample to calculated the discriminatory power of the item of the test was calculated construct validity and factor validity have been confirmed persistence of the codur retchrdson(20)reliability coefficient ( 0.82 ) . Using simplest t – test with the two ends of the two independent sample were null hypothesis testing yielded results in terms of statistically test. There is a statistically significant difference between the average degree of the experimental group wich used 4EX2 model and the control group in the the Misconception of Chemical concepts test for the experimental group, In the results of researchers sees the need to : 1- A adoption specimen 4EX2 Mode in teaching physics and included in the curricula and teaching methods course in colleges of education . 2- Conduct similar studies in several stages of study materials and to know their impact on other variables.


Article
فاعلية أستراتيجية ثنائية التحليل والتركيب في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي والتفكير عالي الرتبة في مادة علم الأحياء

المؤلفون: سالم عبد الله سلمان --- زهراء رضيوي كاظم
الصفحات: 624-654
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الخلاصة

The current research aims to study (the effect of strategy of analysis - synthesis duality in the collection of scientific fourth stage students and high-order thinking in Biology material). For evidence the objective of the research, the researcher formulated the following two null hypotheses: 1. There is no significant difference at the statistical level (0.05) between the average of scores of the experimental group students that will study according to the dualism strategy of analysis and structure and the average of scores of the controlled group students that will study according to the normal way in the collection. 2. There is no significant difference at the statistical level (0.05) between the average of scores of the experimental group students that will study according to the dualism strategy of analysis and structure and the average of scores of the controlled group students that will study according to the normal way to test high-order thinking. A current research was Identified by choosing scientific fourth stage students in the governmental diurnal secondary schools which obey to Baghdad education directorate / the first Karkh of studious year (2014- 2015), and among these schools the researcher selected Ajnadayn secondary of girls as a purposive sample. To achieve the aim of research, the researcher used experimental design a partial control, and was selected two divisions of the scientific fourth stage randomly, one of them represent the experimental group and another the controlled group. The sum of research sample was 69 students, 34 students of them in the experimental group and 35 students in the controlled group .The two groups of search were tested by four variables (the time age measured by months, scores of biology material in the test of end of the first course, the test of intelligence, and the scores of test of previous biology information) in addition adjust the other variables, also the scientific material was defined with the last five chapters of the Book of Biology which is scheduled to teach of studious year (2014- 2015). The behavioral objectives were formulated of these chapters and numbered 256 behavioral objective represented to six levels of Bloom's Taxonomy in the knowledge field (remember, absorbing, application, analysis, structure, and evaluation). The tutorial plans were prepared for the two groups of research and numbered 22 plans for each group. The researcher taught herself the two groups during the period of the experiment, which continued 11 weeks of the second semester of the academic year (2014-2015). With respect to research tools, the researcher used one tool for each dependent variable, as prepared collection test of last five chapters of the book of Biology of the scientific fourth stage consisted of 47 items represented the substantive questions, as well as the researcher adopted test of study in high-order thinking consisting of 30 items represented in the two types of questions: 15 objective paragraphs and 15 essay paragraphs, were checking the veracity of tools through articles on a group of arbitrators, have been applied to investigational samples one of them to see how clear paragraphs and time of answer and the other was for the purpose of test statistically analyzed by extracting Alsiakeomtraha characteristics, in addition to the extraction of the stability for both tests. After the end of the experiment, the two tools were applied on groups of search, then the students, answers were corrected and they were treated statistically, and the results were as the following: 1. There are statistically significant differences in favor of the experimental group in the collection test and the size of the average effect of the independent variable was (0.63). 2. There are statistically significant differences in favor of the experimental group in the high-order thinking test and the size of the average effect of the independent variable was (0.5). The results indicated that there is a positive effect of teaching by strategy of analysis – synthesis duality on the collection and the high-order thinking, and based on that the researcher put a set of conclusions, recommendations, suggestions.


Article
Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Symptomatology and Distribution of Attachment Patterns 1 and 5 Months after a Terrorist Attack

المؤلفون: Fuaad Mohammed Freh
الصفحات: 655-683
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الخلاصة

As a consequence of a terrorist attack, people may experience posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and lack of feeling secure in relationships. This longitudinal study aimed to examine the prevalence of PTSD symptoms over time, the relationship between adult attachment styles and PTSD, as well as their association with degree of exposure, and finally to consider the distribution and the trajectory of attachment styles. The sample consisted of 235 students (M=125, F=110) who were exposed to different levels of trauma intensity in response to a bombing attack. Participants were recruited and assessed approximately 1 month and 5 months after the attack using a battery of questionnaires. Findings revealed, as expected, that 79.5% of the participants met the criteria for current probable PTSD and 78.2% endorsed one of the three insecure attachment dimensions at baseline, which declined over time. Correlational analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between intensity of exposure and both PTSD symptoms and insecure attachment. The results confirm and extend previous findings on the association between direct exposure to life-threatening situation and the risk of behavioural and emotional problems among civilians, which may present as non-specific psychopathology.

الكلمات الدلالية

PTSD --- Attachment --- Terror --- Longitudinal --- Iraq

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